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of] dfgjnfO{ ckx/0f u/]/ 7'n} dfqfdf lkm/f}lt dfUg'k5{ . To;kl5 G &T Company ;Fu x}g xfdL dR5/ sDkgL;Fu 8/fpF5g oL hgsk'/af;L Û

% jlif{o 5f]/f OGb|lhtsf ;fy /l~hgf d08n . ul/lbg] wDsL lbP/ afWo agfPsf lyP . cfkm"

ufpF ;dfhsf] lg0f{ o :jLsf/ gu/] s f O{Gb|gf/fo0f / pgsf 5f]/fx? la?4 /l~hgfn] @! ciff9, @)^^ df wg'iff lhNnf cbfntdf gftf sfodsf] d'2f bQf{ u/fO{g\ . cbfntn] b'Oj{ if{ kl5 @& c;f]h, @)^* df gftf sfodsf] nflu 8LPgP k/LIf0f ug{ cfb]z lbP . 8L Pg P k/LIf0f k|ltj]bgdf /fli6"o ljlw lj1fg k|of]uzfnfsf jl/i7 j}1flgs clws[t lbg]z s'df/ emfn] /l~hgfsf] ue{af6 cfPsf] 5f]/f O{Gb|lht, /l~hgf / ;+ho s'df/ d08nsf] 8LPgP k/LIf0f ubf{ lzz' O{Gb|lhtsf] a'jf ;+ho x'g] ;Defagf ((=(((&& Ü /x]sf] hgfPsf 5g\ . !( r}q, @)^* df lhNnf cbfnt wg'iffsf GofofwLz 7fs'/ k|;fb zdf{n] …;+ho d08nsf] >Ldlt tyf 5f]/f gftfsf] 7x/ ePsf]n] x'bF f jfbL /l~hgf b]aL, O{Gb|lht k|ltjfbL ;+hosf 5f]/f / >Ldltsf] gftf sfod ul/lbg"Ú cfb]z u/] . t/ cbfntn] lbPsf] cfb]zsf] b'Oj{ if{ laTof] . xfn;Dd /l~hgf / pgsf 5f]/f O{Gb|lhtsf] gftf sfod x'g ;s]sf] 5}g\ . @)^^ ;fndf ue{ a:bf hgsk'/l:yt cf]/s ] afFsL 8af sL k[i7 @ df

sfof{nosf cg';f/ @)^( ;fn a};fv !* ut] hgsk'/sf] /fdfgGbrf]sdf % hgfsf] Hofg hfg] ul/ ePsf] ad la:kmf]6 36gfdf ;+nUg /x]sf] cleof]udf clxn] ;Dd ^ hgf k'kI{ fsf] nflu y'gfdf /x]sf 5g eg] d'Vo

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cbfntdf d' s ] z rf} w /Lsf] aofg ;+ho ;fx e'ldut kf6L{ t/fO{ hgtflGqs kf6L{ dw];sf jl/i7 ;Nnfxsf/ ;+ho ;fxsf] k|:tfjdf hgsk'/ ad sf08 u/fOPsf] xf] . ;+ho ;fx cfkm} cfP/ d]/f] kf6L{nfO{ ?=% nfv ;xof]u u/]sf] lyof] . lhjgfy rf}w/Ln] klg kf6L{nfO{ k6s k6s rGbf ;xof]u u/]sf] xf] . lhjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ xTof u/fpgsf nflu dfq} ad sf08 u/fOPsf] xf] O g . k| x /L ;dIf d' s ] z rf} w /Lsf] aofg ;+ho ;fxsf] lgb]{zg adf]lhd lhjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ xTof ug]{ p2]Zon] hgsk'/ ad sf08 u/fOPsf] xf] . %) nfvdf ad sf08sf] 8Ln ePsf] lyof] , ef? % nfv k] Z sL kfPsf] lyPF t/ hLjgfy rf} w /Lsf] xTof gePsf sf/0f afF s L /sd klg ;fxn] lbPgg\ . ] rf}w/L;Fusf] aofg / of]hgfsf/ ;ef;b ;fx nufot & hgf cem} kf7ssf cg';f/ d'sz km/f/ /x]sf 5g\ . ;/sf/L jlsn sfof{no yk cg';Gwfg ub}{ hfFbf c? % hgf dfG5]nfO{ wg'iffsf lhNnf GofoflwjStf k'0ok|;fb k|ltjfbL b]lvPkl5 k'/s cleof]u kq bfo/ kf7ssf cg';f/ hgsk'/ ad sf08sf] d'n ul/Psf] xf] . pgsf cg';f/ pQm k'/s cleof]u ' of]hgfsf/ cleof]u kq @( h]7 @)^( df cbfntdf kqdf ;+ho ;fx ad sf08sf k|dv bfo/ ePsf] lyof] . pQm cleof]u kqdf * afFsL 8af sL k[i7 # df

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@)$& ;fn lt/ !# jlif{o hfgsL dflem j]u+ f8fj/ * nfnu9 l:yt ;'dg uh'/n ] sf] 3/df sfdbf/sf] ?kdf sfd ug{ yfn]sf lyOg . cfdfa'jf ul/j ePsf sf/0f ufpFsf x'g] vfg] ;d[4 kl/jf/ lji0f' uh'/n ] sf] 3/df 3/]n' sfdbf/sf] ?kdf hfgsLnfO{ k7fPsf lyP . b'O{ jif{;Dd uh'/n ] sf] 3/d} /x]/ hfgsL sfd uly{g . ha pgL !% jif{sf] eOg, t?gL 5f]/LnfO{ csf{sf] 3/df k7fPsf] eg]/ ufpF 3/df dfG5]n] s'/f sf6\g yfn]kl5 pgsf cfdfn] ca ToxfF ga;, ljxfg a]ns ' f sfd u/]/ cfkm\g} 3/ kmsL{ eg]/ elgg\ . ;f]xL cg';f/ hfgsL ljxfg uP/ lbpF;f] kmls{g] / a]ns ' f efF8f dfh]/ 3/ kmls{g] uly{g . Ps lbg] k]6 j9]sf] hfgsLsf] cfdfn] cg'e'lt u/]kl5 of] k]6 lsg j9]sf] xf] eg]/ hfgsLnfO{ pgn] k|Zg ub}{ s]/sf/ ul/g . s]/sf/ u/]kl5 uh'/n ] sf] 3/df sfd ug]{ dflnssf 5f]/f ;'dg uh'/n ] n] cfkm'nfO{ hj{h:tL s/gL u/]sf] / To;kl5 k6s k6s ;xjf; u/]sf] sf/0f ue{jtL ePsf] hfgsLn] cfdfnfO{ ;'gfOg . clg s'/f ;'Gg] ljlts} hfgsLsL cfdf lji0f' uh'/n ] sf] 3/df k'u]/ ;'dg uh'/]nn] d]/f] 5f]/L;Fu hj{h:tL ;xjf; u/]sf] / ue{jtL ePsf] u'gf;f] ug{ k'uk] l5 o:tf] s'/f xNnf ug"{ x'bF g} eg]/ uh'/n ] dflnssf] a'9Ln] hjfkm lbP . r'k nfu]/ a; eGb} pgnfO{ 3/ kmsf{Og . ;do ljTb} uPkl5 @)%) ;fn h]7 !) ut] hfgsLn] 5f]/fnfO{ hGd lbOg . ha aRrf hlGdof] To;kl5 uh'/n ] kl/jf/n] e'G6L pkgfd /x]sL hfgsLnfO{ …b'O{ k;]/L rfdn / cfwf lsnf] l3pÚ lbP/ e'G6Ln] vfcf]; elg lbPsf lyP . kl5 aRrfnfO{ klg cfkm'n] x]g{] cfZjf;g lbP . ;do ljTb} uPkl5 ;'dg uh'/n ] n] ljx] u/L >Ldlt lelqofP . nfjfl/; cj:yfdf /x]sf] pQm aRrfnfO{ hfgsLn] dfjnLsf] xh'/ cfdf / xh'/ a'jfnfO{ lhDdf nufOg . pQm aRrf & jif{sf] ePkl5 hfgsLn] klg cs}{ k'?if ;Fu ljx] ul/g . clxn] pQm aRrf …;'dg dfemLÚ cfkm\gf] a'jfsf] vf]hLdf lx8]sf 5g\ . cfkm\gf] xs clwsf/ k|flKtsf nflu gful/stf kfpg lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no wg'iffsf] 9f]sf v6v6fpg afWo 5g\ . !# aif{sf] pd]/b]lv nfnu9df /x]sf] af}jf xf]6ndf efF8f dfem]/ hLljsf rnfpFb} cfPsf ;'dg dfemL olta]nf dxf]Q/Lsf] alb{jf;df /x]sf] b]p/fnL pRr dfljdf sIff !@ df kl9/x]sf 5g\ . rf/ aif{ cl3 dfq cfdfnfO{

5f]/fsf] klxrfgsf====== g]kfndf cfP/ dlxgf}+ latfPls /l~hgfnfO{ ;w}s + f nflu a:g glbg] atfO{P b]lvg u|fdL0fn] /l~hgfsf] a;fO{sf] nflu ;fd'bflos ejg k|of]u ug{ lbPsf 5g\ . ;fd'bflos ejg cuf8L g} !) ld6/sf] b"/Ldf cbfntn] gftf sfod ul/lbPsf] >Ldfg ;+ho s'df/ d08nsf] 3/ /x]sf] 5 / @) ld6/ b"/Ldf klxnf] >Ldfg /fd k'sf/ d08nsf] 3/ /x]sf] 5 . o2kL lbg/ft ef]sef]s} a:bf b'a} dWo] s'g} klg kl/jf/sf ;b:on] pgnfO{ vfg÷a:g lbPsf] 5}g\ g t af]nfPs} 5}g\ . o;/L cbfntn] 7x/ ul/;Sbf klg cfb]zsf] sfo{Gjog x'g g;Sbf kl5Nnf] rf/jif{bl] v /l~hgf …3/sf] g 3f6Úsf] ePls 5g\ . nlntsf] gftf sfodsf] nflu cbfntåf/f l8PgP k/LIf0fsf] cfb] z wg'iffsf] tf/fk§L l;/l;of % dfOtL 3/ ePsL @( jlif{o dlxnf lzjs'df/L d08n cfkm\gf] / gfafns 5f]/fsf] xssf nflu Gofosf] vf]hLdf cbfntdf k'us ] L l5g . !% jif{ k'j{ ;fdflhs k/Dk/f cg';f/ hflto l/tL l/jfh adf]lhd wg'iffsf] ldlyn]Zj/ lgsf; ( sf a'wZ] j/ d08nsf $ 5f]/fx? k|df]b, ljgf]b, slknb]j / >Lb]j dWo] k|df]b;Fu lzjs'df/Lsf] ljx]

;'dg dfemLsf lktf ;'dg uh'/]n .

cfdf hfgsL dfemLsf ;fy ;' d g dfemL . e]6/] ;'dgn] …d]/f] a'jf sf] xf] <Ú eg]/ ;f]Wbf cfdf hfgsLn] klg …t]/f] a'jf ;'dg uh'/n ] xf]Ú eg]/ lrgfPsL lyOg . olt jif{;Dd cfkm\gf] a'jfsf] af/]df cgle1 /x]sf ;'dg uh'/n ] n] aNn cfkm\gf] a'jfsf] af/]df yfxf kfPkl5 pgsf] v'zLsf] 7]sfg g} /x]g . t/ cfdfn] a'jf eg]/ lrgfPsf] dfG5]n] ;'dgnfO{ 5f]/f] g:jLsfbf{ pgL cK7\of/f]df k/]sf 5g\ . a]u+ f8fa/ * lgjf;L z]/axfb'/ dfemLsL 5f]/L hfgsLnfO{ sfd ug{] 3/sf dflns a]u+ f8fa/ ( sf lji0f' uh'/n ] sf 5f]/f ;'dg uh'/n ] n] @# jif{cl3 hjh{:tL s/0fL u/]/ ue{jtL agfPsf] / ;'dgsf] hGd ePsf] :yfgLo afl;x? klg atfpF5Gf\ . ;'dgsL xh'/cfdf s'df/L dfemLn] cfkm"x? ul/a ePsf] sf/0f Tolta]nf s;}n] Gofo glbPsf] atfpF5g\ . ul/aLsf] sf/0fn] g} 5f]/LnfO{ lji0f' uh'/n ] sf] 3/df ef8f dfem\g] sfddf /fVbf 5f]/Ldfly hjh{:tL ePsf] pgsf]] egfO{ 5 . ldndf e':;f lng uPsf] a]nf ePsf] lyof] . ljjfx kZrft >Ldfg /x]sf] k|df]b;Fusf] ;xjf;af6 @)^% ;fn df3 ! ut] lzjs'df/Ln] 5f]/fnfO{ hGd lbOg . ;uf]n kl/jf/df j:b} cfPsf pgLx?n] pSt afnssf]

cfkm'nfO{ lji0f' uh'/n ] sf] 5f]/f] ;'dgn] hjh{:tL ubf{ ltdL hlGdPsf] eg]/ hfgsLn] ;'dgnfO{ atfOg\ . pSt s'/f uf]Ko /fVg wfs wDsL lbPsf] s;}nfO{ eg] Hofgn] dfl/lbg] uh'/n ] kl/jf/n] wDsL lbPsf sf/0f cfdfn] s;}nfO{ s]xL klg gatfPsf] ;'dg dfemL atfpF5g\ . ul/jL / r]tgfsf] cefjdf Tolta]nf kLl8t kIfn] st} ph'/ afh'/ gubf{ olta]nf ;'dgnfO{ ;d:of k/]sf] :yflgo afl;Gbf atfpF5g\ . cfdf a'jfsf] syfn] cfkm"nfO{ olta]nf kL8f / cfTdUnfgL x'g] u/]sf] ;'dg u'gf;f] JoQm u5{g . sIff !@ df k9\b} u/]sf ;'dgn] ljut $ jif{ b]lv a'afnfO{ e]6/] k6s k6s cfkm\gf] gful/stf agfO{ lbg cfu|x ub}{ cfPklg a'jfn] ljleGg jxfgf lemsL gagfO{lbPsf] atfPsf 5g\ . d]/f] gful/stf agfO{ lbg';\ eg]/ cfu|x ubf{ nfnu9 ( lgjf;L cfkm\gf afa' ;'dg uh'/n ] s'/} g;'gL efUg] u/]sf] ;'dgsf] cf/f]k 5 . cfkm" gful/stf agfP/ a}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf u/]g . csf]{ tkm{ u'kr'k} tl/sfn] k|df]bn] csf]{ ljjfx u/L sfG5L >LdltnfO{ 3/ lelqofP . ljx] kZrft k|df]b j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf uP . j}bl] zs /f]huf/Laf6 3/ kms]k{ l5 klg k|df]bn]

cbfntn] gftf sfod ul/lbPsf] 3/ cuf8L 5f] / f O{ G b| l ht d08n ;F u } /l~hgf d08n .

gfd nlnt s'df/ d08n /fv] . aRrf hlGdPsf] ! dlxgf gx'bF } 5f]/f kfng kf]if0fsf] nflu lzjs'df/LnfO{ dfOtL 3/ k7fOof] . ptf aRrfnfO{ lnP/ dfOtL 3/ uPsL lzjs'df/LnfO{ 3/ kl/jf/n] s'g} vf]h va/

lzjs' d f/LnfO{ vf] h va/ gubf{ pgL dfOtLaf6 ;;'/f 3/ aRrf lnP/ k'lug . t/, ToxfF ;f;' ;;'/fn] ;d]t ltdLx?sf] oxfF s'g} xs clwsf/ 5}g eg]/ k|tf8\gf lbg yfn] . ltdL d]/f] >Ldlt xf]Og / Tof] 5f]/f klg d]/f]

hfg] of]hgfdf /x]sf ;'dgn] ;'gfP . gful/stf kfPkl5 a'jfsf] c+zdf klg cfkm\gf] xs / :jfldTj :yflkt x'g] x'gfn] cfkm'nfO{ Gofo lbnfO lbg ;'dgn] ljleGg kIfx?;Fu cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . ;'dgsL cfdf, dfjnL tkm{sf cfkmGt / ;dfhn] ;'dg dfemLsf] a'jf ;'dg uh'/n ] g} ePsf] hLls/ u/] klg ;'dg uh'/n ] n] eg] cfkm" ;'dgsf] afj' gePsf] bfjL ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . d}n] p;sL cfdfnfO{ s'g} hf]/hj/h:tL u/]sf] 5}g, d dfly em'6f] cf/f]k nufOPsf] xf], uh'/n ] n] hjfkm lbg] u/]sf 5g\ . t/ uh'/n ] n] zlQm / k};fsf] andf ;'dgnfO{ 5f]/f] g:jLsf/]sf] :yfgLo afl;Gbfsf] cf/f]k 5. :yflgoaf;L ;d]t /x]sL clvn g]kfn dlxnf ;+3 wg'iffsL pkfWoIf tf/f nfdf eG5g,æ uh'/n ] dfly hfgsLn] em'6f] cf/f]k nufPsf] 5}g, of] ;dfh ;fIfL 5, ;'dg dfemLsf] afj' ;'dg uh'/n ] g} xf], pgLx? b'js } f] cg'xf/ klg ldln/x]sf] 5 . xfdL h'g;'s} xfntdf ;'dgnfO{ Gofo lbnfO{ 5f8\5f}+ .Æ ;'dgsf] hGd btf{df xh'/ a'jfsf] gfddf z]/axfb'/ dfemL cfdfsf] gfddf hfgsL dfemL /x]klg a'jfsf] gfd vfnL /x]sf] 5 . s'df/L cfdfsf] sf]vaf6 hlGdPsf ;'dgn] gful/stf k|flKt;Fu} OG;fkmsf nflu lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no / lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nodf wfPsf] a]nf pgn] cfkm\gf] cl:tTj / klxrfgsf nflu Gofo kfpnfg\ jf gkfpnfg\ x]g{ eg] afFsL g} 5. xf]Og eg]/ hjfkm lbFb} k|df]b j}bl] zs /f]huf/Lsf nflu ljb]z knfog eP . otf cfkm\gf] ljjfx btf{, aRrfsf] hGd btf{ / cfkm\gf] gful/stf agfOlbg eGbf ;f;' ;;'/f ;d]tn] ltdLx?nfO{ s]xL klg gagfOlbg] eGb} !% ciff9 @)&) b]lv vfgf nfpg aGb u/L 3/af6 lgsfnf ul/lbP . 3/af6 lg:sfl;t ePkl5 lzjs'df/Ln] ;f;' 3/sf] ;uf]nsf] aG8f, rn crn ;Dkltsf] ^ efu nufO{, ^ efusf] ! efu dWo] & v08sf] @ v08 c+z kfpg'kg]{ eGb} @) ciff9 @)&) df wg'iff lhNnf cbfntdf hfx]/L lbPsf 5g\ . pSt d'2fdf sf7df08f} lhNnf cbfnt dfkm{t /fli6"o ljlw lj1fg k|lti7fg nlntk'/df gfafns nlnt / pgsf bfjL ul/Psf] a'jf k|df]b d08nsf] !% lbg leq pkl:yt u/fO{ l8PgP k/LIf0f u/fO{ k]z ug{,' tf]lsPsf] ldlt leq pkl:yt geP lgodfg';f/ ul/ k]z ug'{ elg @( kmfu'g @)&) df wg'iff lhNnf cbfntsf Gofoflwz e/t nD;fnsf] Ohnf;af6 cfb]z ;d]t eO;s]sf] 5 . pSt cfb]z kl5 5f]/f k|df]b j}bl] zs /f]huf/Lsf nflu ljb]zdf /x]sf] / ljb]zsf af]nfpg slDtdf @ dlxgf eGbf j9Lsf] ;do kfpmF egL k|df]bsf cfdf uf]lnof b]jLn] lgj]bg lbPsf 5g\ .


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km/f/ ;efifb ;fxnfO{========= /x]sf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . pg}sf] lgb]{zgdf ljleGg k|ltjfbLx?n] ;+ul7t eO{ ad lj:kmf]6 u/fPsf] cleof]u nufOPsf] 5 . kqmfp k/]sf cf]d k|sfz ofbj ad sf08sf] if8\oGqdf ;xefuL ePsf] cf/f]k nufOPsf] 5 . pQm d'2fdf cg';Gwfg clwsf/Ln] cg';Gwfg ubf{ k|fKt eO{ k]z ul/Psf] k|df0f, d'sz ] rf}w/Lsf] aofg, sn l86]nx?, d'sz ] / ;+ho aLrsf] 6]k /]s8{ / pSt /]s8{sf] k|x/Ln] u/]sf] e]l/lkms]zg, ljleGg P;PdP;x? d'sz ] rf}w/Ln] lhjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ k7fPsf] P;PdP; / d'sz ] rf}w/Ln] c?dfG5]nfO{ ;]o/ u/]sf] km];a'ssf k|df0fx?nfO{ cfwf/ agfOPsf] ;/sf/L jlsn kf7sn] b PS;Sn'l;enfO{ atfPsf 5g\ . lhNnf cbfnt wg'iffn] ljutdf kqmfp k/]sf JolQmx?sf] k|x/L clwsf/L ;dIf u/]sf] aofg / d'sz ] rf}w/Lsf] ;fljlt aofg, k|ltjfbLsf] EjfO; /]s8{ ;gfvt, df]jfOn kmf]g, sn l86] n / ldl;n ;+ n Ug sfuhftx?nfO{ cfwf/dfgL k|ltjfbL d'sz ] rf}w/LnfO{ d'2f k'kI{ fsf] nflu y'lgjf k'lh{ lbO{ y'gfdf a:g hn]Zj/ sf/fuf/df k7fOlbg cfb]z lbPsf] 5 .To;}u/L csf{ k|ltjfbL cf]d k|sfz ofbjsf] xsdf ljrf/ ubf{ lgh jf/bft 36fpg] sfo{sf d'Vo kfqx? k|ltjfbL ;+ho 6Snf eGg] ;+ho s'df/ ;fx / k|ltjfbL d'sz ] s'df/ rf}w/Ln] u/]sf] if8\oGqdf ;fd]n ePsf] / lgh ofbjn] cbfnt ;dIf aofg ubf{ pSt s;'/df OGsf/L u/]klg df}sfdf cg';Gwfg clwsf/L ;dIf aofg sfuh ubf{ ;+ho ;fxn] lbPsf] ef? % nfv ?k}ofF ch'g{ l;+xnfO{ ef/tdf kmf]g u/L af]nfO{ lbPsf] s'/f :jLsf/ u/]sf] x'gfn] pgnfO{ klg xfn y'gfdf /flv d'2fsf] k'kI{ f ug{ y'gj' f k'lh{ lbO{ dxf] Q /L hn] Z j/ sf/fuf/df k7fOlbg Gofoflwz s}nfz s];Lsf] Ohnf;n] @& r}q @)&) df cfb]z lbPsf] 5 . hgsk'/ ad sf08sf ljifodf kqmfp k/]sf cf/f]lkt JolQm ch'g{ l;+x eGg] d'sz ] rf}w/L / cf]d k|sfz ofbjn] k|x/L ;dIf u/]sf] aofg cbfntdf OGsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . wg'iff lhNnf cbfntsf Gofoflwz s}nfz s];Lsf] Ohnf;df @& r}q @)&) df cf]d k|sfz ofbj / @^ r}q @)&) df d's]z rf}w/Ln] aofg lbPsf lyP . k|ltjfbL cf]d k|sfz ofbjn] k|x/L cg';Gwfg clwsf/L ;dIf aofg sfuh ubf{ k|ltjfbL dWo]sf ;+ho ;fxn] lbPsf] ef? % nfv k|ltjfbL dWo]sf ch'g{ l;+x eGg] d'sz ] s'df/ rf}w/LnfO{ ef/tsf] l;tfd9L / df]Hhkmk'/sf] rf}/fxf rf}s lh/f]dfOndf kmf]g u/L af]nfO{ e]6L lbPsf] aofg lbPsf lyP . k|x/L ;dIf cf]d k|sfz ofbjsf] aofg ;+ho ;fx;Fu ;g\ @))% b]lv 7]Ssf k6\6f / dlg6"fG;km/sf] sfd x]g{] egL sfd ;'? u/]sf] ePklg kl5 dlg6"fG;km/sf] sfd ;'lht kf08]n] x]g{ yfNof] . d lgdf{0f Joj;foLsf] sfd x]g{ yfn]sf] lyPF . lgdf{0fsf] sfddf ;+ho ;fx ;Fu} sfd ug]x{ ?df d, /fhs'df/ k'j,{] 5]bL eGg] /fd ldng /fpt, n6\6' eGg] g/]z ofbj / /fd ljgf]b ofbj ;d]t lyof}+ .

lgdf{0f Joj;fodf ;+ho ;fxn] nufgL ug]{ / To;af6 k|fKt ePsf] d'gfkmfdf %) k|ltzt ;+ho ;fxn] lng] / afFsL %) k|ltztdf xfdL ;a}n] k|fKt ug{] / 3/ vr{ afkt !%÷@) xhf/ ?k}ofF dfl;s lng] u/L 7]Ssf k6\6fsf] sfd ;'? u/]sf lyof}+ . sfd ub}{ hfFbf /f;g 7]Ssf ub}{ hfbf 3f6f ePsf]df d}n] wflbªdf lbPsf] 7]Ssfdf ;+hon] nufgL gu/]sf] sf/0f nufgL gePkl5 ;/sf/n] d]/f] hUuf /f]Ssf u¥of] . To;kl5 ;+ h o ;fx;F u ljjfb

d klg uPsf] lyPF . pSt 36gf s;n] lsg u/fof] dnfO{ yfxf ePg . ;+ho s'df/ ;fxn] ef? % nfv ?k}ofF d'sz ] rf}w/LnfO{ lbg egL eg]sf] k|x/L k|ltj]bg d}n] ;'g,]+ dnfO{ ;+ho s'df/ ;fxn] % nfv ?k}ofF lbPsf] 5}g . d d'sz ] rf}w/LnfO{ lrg]sf] 5}g . d lghnfO{ % nfv ?k}ofF l;tfd9Ldf k'/ofpg uPsf] klg 5}g . ;+ho s'df/ ;fx / lhjgfy rf}w/Lsf] aLrdf cfGtl/s åGb s] lyof]÷lyPg dnfO{ yfxf ePg . d ;+hosf] kf6L{df sfd u/]klg kf6L{sf gLlt lgb]z { g adf]lhd u/]sf] lyPF . k|x/Ldf ePsf] d]/f] aofg clxn]

rf6{nfO{ km];a's dfkm{t ;]o/ u/L hf]8\g l;sfPF . o;sf cltl/St hok|sfz rf}w/L / ;'/z ] s0f{nfO{ k6s k6s kmf]g u/]/ ;d]t sg]Szg ug{ l;sfPsf] lyPF . @)^(÷!÷!* ut] ljxfg hok|sfz rf}w/LnfO{ kmf]g u/L hLjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ xTof ug{sf nflu kfOk ad p7fO lnO{ uO{ ljZjsdf{ rf}sdf /x]sf ;'/z ] s0f{, d'sz ] s0f{ / l/k]Gb| emf ;d]tnfO{ e]6L hgsk'/sf] leqL af6f] x'Fb} /fdfgGb rf}s hfg lgb]z { g lbPsf lyP . lzjd zdf{nfO{ hok|sfz rf}w/Ln] s] u5{, sxfF hfG5g\ eGg] lgu/fgL /fVg lghsf] ;fydf

afofF b]lv s|dzM ;+ho s'df/ ;fx, d's]z rf}w/L, /fhg k|tfk k|km'Nn / cf]d k|sfz ofbj . ePkl5 pgL;Fu sfd ug{ 5f]8s ]\ f] lyP . ch' { g l;+ x eGg] d' s ] z rf} w /LnfO{ ^@÷)^# sf] dw] ; cfGbf]ngsf] s|ddf d klg ;xefuL ePsf] sf/0fn] pgL;Fu lrghfg ePsf] lyof] . pgL;Fu d]/f] s'g} gLlh ;Dks{ lyPg . pgL;Fu clGtd k6s @)^*÷!!÷@ df ef/tdf e]6]sf] lyP . ;+ho ;fx ;Fu} sfd ul//x]sf] a]nf @)^* ;fnsf] kmfu'g @÷# ut] lt/ ef/t hfg nfUbf ;Fho ;fxn] Pp6f ef/tLo gDa/ lbO{ ef/tsf] d'Hhkm/k'/df Ps hgf dfG5] cfpF5g, pgnfO{ of] /sd lbg' eGb} ef? ?= % nfv lbg eg]sf lyP . ;f]xL cg';f/ pSt JolQmn] dnfO{ /]Nj] :6]zg af]nfPsf]df d}n] rf}/fxf rf}s lh/f]dfOn l;tfd9L / d'Hhkm/k'/df e]6L d}n] pSt /sd lbPsf] lyP . /sd lbFbf /sd lng] JolQm d}n] klxn] b]lv g} lrg]sf] d'sz ] rf}w/L lyP . cbfntdf cf]d k|sfz ofbjsf] OGsf/L aofg ;+ho s'df/ ;fx ;Fu @)^@ ;fn b]lv 7]Ssf k6\6f ;DalGw sfdsf] lznlznfdf lrghfg ePsf] xf] . To;kl5 lgh ;+ho ;fx /fhgLlt ug{ yfNg' ef] . d klg pxfFsf] kf6L{df kf6L{ s f] sfo{ s tf{ s f] ?kdf /xL lghnfO{ ;xof]u ug{ yfn] . @)^$ ;fnsf] r'gfjdf ;ef;bdf pxfF lgjf{lrt x'g' eof] . o;kfnLsf] r'gfj x'ge' Gbf klxnf b'O{ ltg dlxgf cuf8L g]kfnL sf+u; ]| kf6L{df uO{ xfn ;+ho s'df/ ;fxsf] kf6L{ 5f8L lbP . k|ltjfbL ;'lht s'df/ kf08sf] dlg6"fG;km/ sf7df08f}df 5 . xfdLn] 7]Ssf k6\6f ;DalGw k};fsf] sf/f]jf/ lgh}sf] dlg6"fG;km/ dfkm{t ug]{ u/]sf]n] @)^$ ;fn b]lv g} lgh;Fu klg lrghfg ePsf] 5 . hgsk'/sf] /fdfgGb rf}sdf ad lj:kmf]6g a]nf hgsk'/d} lyPF . ;f] ;dodf d kmf] / d nf] s tflGqs kf6L{sf] kf6L{ clkm;df lyPF . ToxL pSt 36gfsf] af/]df kf6L{ ;lrj hubLz dx/fn] ;'gfpg' ef] / d klg s]o/ d]l8sndf cfPF . ToxfF d]/f] klg ;fyL sdn]z ;fx, b]a' ofbj, ljho klhof/ 3fOt] ePsf] lyof] . pgLx?nfO{ P]o/kf]6d { f nUbf

;'gfpFbf ;'g,]+ em'77\ f xf] . k|x/Ln] dnfO{ s]xL ;f]ws ] f] 5}g . cfkm}n] dnfO{ km;fpgnfO{ em'77\ f s'/f n]lv dnfO{ k9]/ g;'gfO{ hj{h:tL 8/ wfs b]vfO{ ;xL 5fk u/fO{ lnPsf] xf] . pSt aofg sfuh em'77\ f xf] . d'sz ] rf}w/LnfO{ d lrGb}g / lghsf] aofg Joxf]/f ;Dd em'77\ f xf] . d lghnfO{ ef? % nfv ?k}ofF k'/ofpg uPsf] lyPg . ;+ho s'df/ ;fx / d'sz ] rf}w/Lsf] aLrsf] ePsf] s'/fsf] EjfO; /]s8{sf] af/]df dnfO{ lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nodf /]s8{ ;'gfOPsf] lyof] . d}n] l6eLdf klg ;'gs ] f] lyPF . To;af6 ;+ho s'df/ ;fxsf] cfjfh h:tf] nfU5 klg s'g} a]nf lghsf] cfjfh ldSl;ª u/]sf] h:tf] klg nfU5 . Tof] s'/f jf:tljs s] xf] hfFr kl5 dfq yfxf x'G5 . ad sf08 ;DalGw ;+ho s'df/ ;fx ;Fu d]/f] s'g} s'/f ePsf] 5}g . lgh;Fu d]/f] kf6L{ut s'/f tyf 7]Ssf k6\6f ;DalGw s'/f dfq x'g] u/]sf] lyof] . ad sf08df d]/f] s'g} ;+nUgtf 5}g . hfx]/jfnfx?n] lsg d]/f] gfd lbPsf] xf] yfxf ePg . d'sz ] rf}w/Ln] k|x/L ;dIf u/]sf] sfuh aofg hLjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ xTof ug]{ sfo{df /x]sf hok|sfz rf}w/L / lht]Gb| s0f{nfO{ /sd cfjZostf ePsfn] ;+ho ;fxnfO{ /sd k7fpg eg]sf]df lgh ;+ho ;fxn] sf7df08f}af6 5b\d gfd k|of]u u/L rf}w/L / s0f{nfO{ s|dzM ? !) xhf/ / @% xhf/ k7fPsf lyP . ;+ho ;fx / d]/f] aLrdf lgoldt ?kdf kmf]g ;Dks{ eO/xGYof] . hLjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ xTof ug{ tof/ ul/Psf] ad hok|sfz rf}w/LnfO{ lhDdf nufpg ;'/z ] s0f{ / lht]Gb| s0f{ ;d]tsf JolQmx?nfO{ kmf]g u/L d}n] lgb]z { g lbPsf]df ;'/]z s0f{;d]tn] l/k]Gb| emfn] n'sfO{ l5kfO{ /fv]sf] cj:yfdf /fv]sf] lj:kmf]6s kbfy{ kfOk ad lzjd zdf{n] hok|sfz rf}w/LnfO{ lhDdf nufPsf lyP . ho k|sfz rf}w/L / lht]Gb| s0f{nfO{ kfOk adsf] sg]Szg s;/L ug]{ / Jof6"L s;/L hf]8g\ ] eGg] ;afndf /fhg k|tfk d / /fhg d'lQmn] agfPsf] ad sg]Szg

;Kt/Laf6 cfPsf afa' n eGg] cflbTo b]j nufot cGo JolQmx? l/k]Gb| emfnfO{ nufPsf] lyPF . 36gf :yndf s] slt dflg; hDdf /x]sf], lhjgfy cfP÷gcfPsf] , a;]÷ga;]sf] ;d]t ;'rgf ;+sng ul/ g} /x]sf] lyPF . pSt cj:yf;Dd ;+ho ;fx;Fu klg lgoldt ;Dks{ e} g}/x]sf] lyof] . pgL lhjgfy rf}w/L sfo{ q md :yndf cfP kZrft sfo{sd | df /x]sf] aLr efudf /x]sf] s';L{df /x]sf] ;'rgf kfPkl5 tTsfn d}n] ;+ho ;fx;Fu kmf]g ;Dks{ u/L lhjgfy rf}w/L aLrsf] efudf 5 s] s;/L lj:kmf]6g u/fpg] ;+ho ;fx ;Fu lgb]{zg dfu u/]sf]df aLrdf lj:kmf]6 gu/L ;fO8df cfPsf] cj:yfdf lhjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ nlIft u/L lj:kmf]6 u/fpg egL ;+ho ;fxn] lgb]z { g lbPsf lyP . ;f]xL cj:yfdf ;+ho ;fx;Fu k6s k6s kmf]g ;Dks{ e}/x]sf] lyof] / d}n] ;+ho ;fxnfO{ l6eL x]g{ eg]sf] lyPF . lhjgfy rf}w/Lsf] xTof ePsf] ;dfrf/ l6eLdf b]vfpg] g} 5 eg]/ ;+honfO{ eg]sf]df lgh ;+hon] l6eL x]/L/x]sf] s'/f atfPsf] lyof] . To;kl5 hok|sfz rf}w/LnfO{ d}n] lj:kmf]6s kbfy{ …;dfg s';L{k/ /vs/ lgSn'Ú egL tLg k6s ;Dd P;PdP; k7fPsf]df ;dfg gLhn] /flv;s]sf] lyof] . hok|sfz rf}w/Ln] lgh lhjgfy rf}w/L eL8af6 aflx/ lg:sg nfu]sf] dnfO{ va/ u/]sf] lyof] . lgh lhjgfy rf}w/L;Fu cfGbf]ng s:tf] eO/x]sf] 5 eGg] s'/f kmf]g u/L d}n] ;'rgf lnO/x]sf] lyP . pSt lbg lj:kmf]6 ug'{ eGbf klxnf d}n] g} lhjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ eL8af6 lg:sg kmf]g u/]sf] lyPF . lj:kmf]6 u/fpg hok|sfz rf}w/L s]xL l9nf ul/lbPsf] sf/0f lhjgfy rf}w/Lsf] xTof x'g ;s]g . /, lgh lhjgfy rf}w/L j;]sf] :yfgsf j/Lk/Lsf dfG5] x ? ;j{ ; fwf/0f JolQmx? ;d]t dfl/P, 3fOt] eP . 36gf u/fpgsf nflu ?=%) nfv lbg] eg]/ ;+ho ;fxn] ;xdlt u/]sf] lyof] . cf]d k|sfz dfkm{t ?= % nfv k]ZsL lbPsf lyP . t/ 36gfdf lhjgfy rf}w/Lsf] xTof gePsf sf/0f afFsL /sd klg ;+ho ;fxn]

#

lbPgg\ . cbfntdf d's]z rf}w/Ln] u/]sf] aofg sfuh d]/f] gfd d'sz ] s'df/ rf}w/L xf] . d]/f] pkgfd ch'g{ l;+x, k|sfz klg xf] . d e' l dut ;+ u 7g t/fO{ hgtflGqs kf6L{ dw];sf] s]lGb|o ;+of]hs x'F . a'jfsf] gfd lbg]z rf}w/L, hft snaf/, pd]/ #$ jif{ xf] . d]/f] 3/ dxf]Q/L hn]Zj/ gu/kflnsf j8f g+= !! df kb{5 . kf]ln6sn ;fOG; lnO{ Aofrn/ u/]sf] 5' . sDKo'6/ l8Knf]df xf8{jo] / kf; u/]sf] 5' . hgsk'/ ad sf08sf] of]hgf kf6L{sf] s]lGb|o ;ldltsf] j}7sdf kf6L{sf] jl/i7 ;Nnfxsf/ ;+ho ;fxsf] k|:tfjdf kf6L{sf] lg0f{o -s]lGb|o ;ldlt_ adf]lhd ePsf] lyof] . pQm ad sf08 u/fpg] xfd|f] kf6L{sf] k|:tfjdf cGo $ ;+u7g dw]; d'lSt 6fOu;{ t/fO{sf] cWoIf /fhg k|tfk …k|km'NnÚ, t/fO{ hgtflGqs kf6L{ dw];sf] cWoIf d, hgtflGqs t/fO{ d'lSt df]rf{sf] cWoIf /fhg d'lSt / t/fO{ sf] a /fsf] cWoIf pd] z ltjf/Lsf] ;lDdlnt :jtGq t/fO{ dw];L df]rf{sf] lg0f{on] hgsk'/ ad sf08 36gf 36fOPsf] xf] . ad lj:kmf]6sf] x/]s ;fdu|L dw]; d'lSt 6fOu;{ t/fO{sf cWoIf /fhg k|tfk k|km'Nn eGg] km'ns'df/ a6v]/ ofbjn] pknAw u/fPsf] lyof] . ;f] ;dodf ho k|sfz rf}w/Ln] dnfO{ ;f]Wbf d}n] /fhg k|tfk;Fu ;Dks{ u/L lghn] k7fPsf] u|fkm d}n] hok|sfz rf}w/LnfO{ k7fOlbPsf] lyPF . / ;f]xL adf]lhd sfd eof] . pSt ad sf08df s'g} JolQm ljz]ifnfO{ Hofg dfg]{ xfd|f] kf6L{sf] lg0f{o lyPg . xfd|f] rf/ kf6L{sf] a}7s ef/tsf] l;tfd9Ldf ePsf] lyof] . ad sf08 ePsf] lbg d nvgpm kf6L{sf] sfdn] uPsf] lyPF . ;+ho ;fxn] hok|sfz rf}w/LnfO{ sf7df08f}af6 ?=!) xhf/ k7fPsf] lyof] . g]kfndf j;L kf6L{sf] ;a} Dofg]h ;+ho ;fxn] g} u/]sf] lyof] . ad lj:kmf]6sf lbg ad lj:kmf]6 x'g' eGbf cl3 / ad lj:kmf]6 eO;s]kl5 ;+ho ;fx ;Fu ad lj:kmf]6sf] Dofg]hd]G6sf] ;DaGwdf kmf]gdf tLg rf/ k6s s'/fsfgL ePsf] lyof] . ! ;o @@ k6s s'/fsfgL ePsf] lyPg . lhjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ Hofg dfg]{ p2]Zon] dfq ad lj:kmf]6 u/fOPsf] lyPg . xfd|f] rf/ kf6L{sf] lg0f{o adf]lhd pSt 36gf 36fOPsf] lyof] . lsgeg] hgsk'/sf s]xL ck/fwLn] dw];sf] lj/f]wdf ljb]zLsf] O;f/fdf efiffsf] gfddf dw];nfO{ ljv08g ug]{ k|of; u/]sf] lj/f]wdf kf6L{n] pSt 36gf 36fPsf] lyof] . of] ad sf08 s;}sf] JolQmut lg0f{oaf6 geO{ kf6L{sf] ;f+u7lgs lg0f{oaf6 u/fOPsf] lyof] . ;+ho ;fxn] kf6L{ ;xof]usf] nflu /sd lbPsf] lyof] . cf]d k|sfz ofbj d]/f] kf6L{sf] dflg; xf]Og . cf]d k|sfz ofbjn] /sd lbPsf] 5} g . ;+ h o :jod cfO{ kf6L{ ;xof]usf lglDt % nfv ?k}ofF lbg' ePsf] lyof] . ;+ho ;fx;Fu a/fa/ e]63f6 ef/tsf] l;tfd9Ldf x'g] u/]sf] lyof] . hfx]/afnfx? dWo] hLjgfy rf} w /L / k/d] Z j/ sfk8LnfO{ lrG5' . hLjgfy rf}w/L;Fu a/fa/ s'/fsfgL eO/xGYof] . rf}w/Ln] d]/f] kf6L{ ;xof]usf] nflu w]/} k6s rGbf ;xof]u u/]sf] lyof] . To;}n] lghnfO{ dfg]{ s'g} of]hgf lyPg . rf}w/Lsf] ;f] hfx]/L em'77\ f xf] .


l;e ;Djfbbftf fd============

b PS;Sn'l;e b PS;Sn'l;e

b PS;Sn' l ;esf nflu hgsk'/wfdaf6 k|sflzt

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dfcf]jfbL PsLs/0fsf] ;jfn M Ps ;dLIff ls/0f s0f{

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sDKo'6/ n]cfp6 M– ;+ho 7fs'/ d'b0 | f M Sjfln6L ckm;]6 lk|G6;{ , hgsk'/wfd ;Dks{ g+= M ) $ ! – % @ * % % (

rf0fSo gLlt , ,3 u'0ff] e'ifot] ?k+ zLn+ e'ifot] s'nd\ . l;l4e"i{ fot] ljBf+ ef]uf] e"ifot] wgd\ .. !% . .

u'0fn] ?knfO{ e"lift ub{5, zLnn] s'nnfO{ e"lift u5{, l;l4n] ljBfnfO{ e"lift u5{ / ef]un] wgnfO{ e"lift u5{ . . !% . .

?=== ==? = ;DkfbsLo ; kLl8tnfO{ OG;fkm xf];\ Û

anfTsf/ Ps h3Go ck/fw xf] . g]kfnL dlxnf sltko cj:yfdf cfkm\g} kl/jf/sf ;b:oaf6 klg anfTs[t x'g] u/]sf 5g\ eg] sltko cj:yfdf cfkmGt, l5d]sL / ;fdfGo lrghfg ePsf JolQmx?af6 klg anfTsf/sf] lzsf/ x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . anfTs[t dlxnfn] ef]Ug'kg]{ zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s kL8f t cfkm\gf] 7fpFdf 5Fb5 } , pN6} kl/jf/ / ;dfhsf dflg;n] klg kLl8tnfO{ g} g/fd|f] gh/n] x]g{] u5{g\ . ;dfhdf ckx]lnt x'g] 8/n] sltko dlxnfn] cfkm'dfly ePsf] anfTsf/ h:tf] h3Go ck/fwnfO{ klg r'krfk ;x]/ a:5g\ . olb of] 36gf ;dfhdf aflx/ cfOxfn] klg ToxfFsf eb|enfbdL egfpFbfx?n] o;nfO{ cfkm\g} ;d'bfo / ufpF leq} ldnfpg] sf]lzz u5{g\ . cfkm\gf] ;dfh / ufpFsf] OHhtsf] gfddf kL8snfO{ ;xof]u ug{ ;dfh g} cl3 ;/]sf] kfOG5 . anfTsf/sf] 36gfsf clwsf+z kl/l:yltdf kL8s eGbf kLl8t g} zlStzfnL /x]sf b]lvG5g\ . pgLx? of t cfkm} s'g} /fhgLlts bn;Fu cfj4 /xG5g\ . of /fhgLlts bnsf] ;+/If0fdf ljleGg k|nf]eg b]vfO{ ck/fw n'sfpg ;kmn x'G5g\ . sltko 36gfdf :yfgLo g]tfx?n] kLl8t / kL8s aLr ldnfkq u/fpg bjfj l;h{gf ug],{ ha{h:tL ;Demf}tf u/fpg vf]Hg] h:tf k|of;x? klg ub{5g\ . Ps cWoogsf cg';f/ anfTsf/af6 k|tfl/t dlxnf dWo] ;a}eGbf j9L cyf{t $# k|ltzt dlxnf blnt ;d'bfosf], !( k|ltzt hghftL / !( k|ltzt dw];L dlxnf lzsf/ ePsf x'G5g eg] yf? / d'l:nd dlxnf klg !)–!) k|ltzt /x]sf 5g\ . /l~hgf / hfgsL h:tf l;wf ;fwf dlxnfnfO{ ufpFsf 6f7f jf7f egfpg]x?n] nnfO{ kmsfO{ cfkm\gf] hfndf kfg]{ / hj{h:tL s/0fL ug]{ t/ pQm s/0fLaf6 7xl/Psf] ue{ / pQm ue{ ha aRrfsf] ?kdf hlGdG5g, ltgnfO{ :jLsf/ gug]{ JolQmx? ;Eo ;dfhsf nflu 7'nf] ck/flw x'g . cfkm}n] hGdfPsf 5f]/fnfO{ :jLsf/ gug]{ dgf]lj1fg / k|j[lt emg eofjx x'bF } uPsf] 5 . ljutdf u/]sf kfkaf6 s]xL xb;Dd klg k|fol:rt ug{sf nflu tL ck/flwx?n] :jLsf/ u/L OGb|lht / ;'dg h:tfsf] hfoh xs k|bfg ug'k{ b{5 . To;sf nflu :yfgLo k|zf;g / :yfgLo jf;L, dlxnf, tyf dfgj clwsf/sdL{ ;a}n] ;+oS' t ?kdf kxn ug'{ cfjZos 5 .

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PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf] ljefhg x'g'sf] sf/s tTj k|i6 eO;s]sf] 5 . o; af]/] Tolt w]/} lrof]rrf{ ul//xg' kg]{ b]lvb}g . t/ cr]n /fhgLlts bn / ahf/df ljz]if rrf{sf] ljifo g} b'O{ dfcf]jfbLsf] PsLs/0fsf] x'Fbf] /}5 . dfcf]jfbLsf] PsLs/0fsf] rrf{n] /fhgLlts If]qdf ;d]t gofF gf}nf] t/+u cjZo g} NofPsf] :jtM / ;xh cg'dfg ug{df vf;} ufx|f] x'b}g . clxn] klg Psy/Ln] kf6L{ km'6sf] cf}lrTo vf]lh/x]sf 5g\ eg] clwsf+z g]tf,sfo{stf{ / hgtf kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] kIfdf g} b]lvPsf] 5 . t/ PsLs/0f s]sf nflu eGg] k|Zg klg o;};+u 68\sf/f] ?kdf cfpg] u/]sf] 5 . vf;u/L PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL / g]skf dfcf]jfbL jLr ePsf] b'O{ a'Fb] ;xdtL eP ;+u} o; k|sf/n] g]kfnL /fhgLltn] sf]N6] km]/]sf] 5 . To;}n] klg clwsf+z xNnf b'O{ dfcf]jfbLsf] PsLs/0f ;DaGwdf oqtq cg]sg l6sfl6Kk0fL ePsf] / x'g] u/]sf] kfOG5 . hasL oL b'j} dfcf]jfbLn] Ps csf{sf] cl:tTj / cf}lrTo k'li6sf] ;jfndf k|Zgx? P7fpg] qmd hf/L g} /x]sf] 5 . kf6L{ PsLs/0f k|lt PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL s]xL xb ;Dd nlrnf] h:tf] b]lvPsf] 5 . clxn] PsLs[ t dfcf] j fbL slyt bf] > f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgdf ePsf] k/fho;+u} kf6L{ Pstfsf] kIfdf /x]sf] h:tf] b]lvPsf] 5 . t/ oL b'j} g] t [ T jbfoLdf /x] s f dfcf] j fbLx? dWo] Ps kf6L{ efjgfTds ?kdf PsLs/0f x'g rflx/]sf 5}gg\ . ljrf/,l;4fGt / hgo'4sf] p2]Zo / kyd} /xL kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] kIfdf /x]sf] s'/f k|i6 eO;s]sf]] 5 . To;} n ] xf] n f dfcf] j fbLx?n] ljleGg 7fpF d f kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] ;jfndf efjgfTds dfq} geP/ ;}4flGts tyf j}rfl/s ?kd} PsLs/0f rfx]sf] s'/f aflx/ cfO/x]sf] 5 . h;sf sf/0fn] dfcf]jfbLn] j}rfl/s t6:ytfnfO{ g} kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] k|fyldstfsf] cfwf/ agfPsf] 5 . x'g t oL b'O{ dfcf]jfbL ghlbs x'g'df /fHon] dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{nfO{ hyfefjL w/ks8 / em'7f d'2f nufO{ km;fpg] sfo{nfO{ cuf8L a9fPsf] x'bfF g} b'O{ a'Fb] ;dxtL dfkm{t sfo{ut Pstf ;Dej ePsf] xf] . t/ oltn] dfq} eg] sfkmL xf]Og, b'O{ dfcf]jfbL ghlbs x'g'df . j}rfl/s / ;}4flGts ljrng Pdfcf]jfbLdf cfPsf] x'gfn] g} afWotfjz df]xg j}B ls/0fsf] g]t[Tjdf kf6L{ ljefhg ePsf] xf] . kf6L{ ljefhgn] Pdfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k'iksdn bxfn k|r08 xf}l;Psf g} lyP . kf6L{ ljefhg kZrft afa'/fd e§/fO{sf] g]t[Tjdf /x]sf] g]kfn ;/sf/n] Tolta]nf lgjf{rgdf cj/f]w k'/\ofpg] x'g\ eGb} Pdfcf] j fbLn] / g] k fn ;/sf/n] ;+ o ' Q m?kd} dfcf]jfbL lj?4 ulDe/ ?kdf g]kfnL ;]gf, g]kfn k|x/L nufot cg';Gwfg ljefun] cfkm\gf] ansf] e/k'/ k|of]u u/] . dfcf]jfbL lj?4df . Tolta]nf klg afa'/fd ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tjdf y'k|}nfO{ w/ks8 u/]s} xf] . Ps lx;fan] dfcf]jfbL lj?4 h;/L Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;/sf/n] lgof]lht w/ks8sf] lznzLnf rnfPsf] lyof] . Tof] lj=;=)%@ ;fnsf] k'g/fj[lQ h:t} lyof] . t/ klg dfcf]jfbL Ps/QL klg tndfly geO{ lj37Lt ePsf] ;+ljwfg;efs} kIfdf nflu /x\of] . hgtfsf] clwsf/sf] nflu cu|;/ g} /lx /x\of] . Pdfcf]jfbLn] of] s'/f a'em]/ klg ca'em ePs} xf] . ;f] ca'em x'g'sf] sf/0f 8n/jfbLx?sf] l8hfOgsf] lzsf/ x'g' g} xf] . Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ lj:tf/jfbL / ;fd|fHojfbLx?n] k|of]u u/]s} xf] . h;sf] kl/0ffd ha slyt bf]>f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd ;fj{hlgs x'g yfNof] Tolta]nf g} Pdfcf]jfbLn] yfxf kfpg' :jfles} xf] . ;+hf]ujz d'Vo gfOs]s} cu'jfO{ u/]sf k|r08 o;/L slxNo} klg csf{sf] l8hfOgdf km;]sf lyPgg\ . t/ pgn] ef/t / cd]l/sf ;lxtsf / 8n/jfbL bft[ lgsfosfx?sf] ld;g ga'em]/ g} o:tf] kl/0ffd cfpbf dfq} cfkm\gf] ;dLIffdf c;kmn

ePsf] eg]/ klg eGg ;Sg] cj:yf Pdfcf]jfbL ;fd' /x]sf] 5}g . o;sf] sf/0f Pdfcf]jfbLsf] g]t[Tjdfly k|Zg lrGx nufP/ cfkm\gf] cl:tTj ;dfKt kfg{ rfx]sf 5}gg\, k|r08n] . pQm lgjf{rgdf csNkgLo kl/0ffd cfof] clg dfq cfkm\gf] oyfy{ w/ftndf cfpg afWo ePs} x'g\, k|r08 . To;}n] cr]n PsLs/0f / sfo{ut Pstfsf nflu 3/L sfd/]8 ls/0f / sfd/]8 dft[sf ofbj;+u ljleGg r/0fdf 5nkmn, jftf{ / ;+jfbx? lg/Gt/ ?kdf hf/L g} /x]sf] 5 . t/ clxn] ;Dd klg k|r08 dflysf] cljZjf;s} sf/0fn] g t sfd/]8 dft[sf g t sfd/]8 ls/0fn] g} pgLdfly ljZjf; ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg\ . lsgeg] h;/L k|r08n] hgo'4 ;dfkgsf] 3f]if0ff u/]/ g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x?nfO{ cndndf / ljleGg vfn] if8\oGq tyf e|ddf /flv /x] . To;n] ubf{ pgL dfly ljZjf; gx'g' :jfefljs} xf] . clxn] k|r08 / afa'/fdx?n] kf6L{ ljefhg;+u} cf}lrTosf] k'li6sf] s'/f hf]8tf]8n] p7fPs} x'g\ . clxn] ;fob of] hjfkm pgL /x]sf] g]t[Tjjfnf kf6L{ dfly g} k|Zg nfu]sf] 5 . k| r 08 cWoIf /x] s f] kf6L{ Pdfcf] j fbLnfO{ hgtfn] / pxL kf6L{ leq /x]sf] clwsf+z g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x?n] Pdfcf]jfbL Pdfn]sf] l;Sj]n kf6L{sf] ?kdf lnO{ /x]sf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ k|r08 clxn] cfkm\gf] cl:tTj / g]t[Tj arfpgd} xDd]xDd] k/]sf] 5 . clxn] klg Pdfcf]jfbLn] kf6L{ ljefhg s]sf nflu eof] / lsg km'6\of] eGg] k|Zgsf] hjfkm dfq} xf]Og a? slyt ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgdf lsg k/fho eof] eGg] s'/fsf] ;dLIff ug{ ;d]t 8/fPs} xf] . eGg] s'/fsf] k'li6 Pdfcf] j fbLsf] Jojxf/n] k' l i6 u/L/x] s f] 5 . Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ lsg ef/L kl//x]sf] 5 ljeflht ePsf dfcf]jfbLx? of] klg Pp6f cXd\ k|Zg g} xf] . t/ otf lt/ ghfp ;do ;fk]Iftf ;+u} oL k|Zgx?sf] hjfkm :jod\ k|r08 / Pdfcf]jfbLn] lbg] g} 5g\ . clxn] d'Vo r'/f] eg]sf] cflv/df sfd/]8åo ls/0f / dft[sfn] Pdfcf]jfbL;+u jf k|r08;+usf] PsLs/0f g} /x]sf] 5 . lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd / jt{dfg sf+u|];L ;/sf/n] klg Pdfcf]jfbL ;/sf/n] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lu/km\tf/ ug{ ljleGg of]hgfx? agfPsf lyP . To;}nfO{ sf+u|];L ;/sf/n] klg o;}nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsfn] pQm cleofg xfn Pdfcf]jfbL kf6L{nfO{ klg 3fF8f] ag]sfn] klg Pdfcf]jfbL / dfcf]jfbLx? nufotsf dfcf]jfbLx? clxn] Ps 7fpFdf afWo eP/ cfpg' k/]sf] klg tYo ;To g} xf] . kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] d'2fdf Pdfcf]jfbL eGbf klg dfcf]jfbLx? k|i6 /x]sf] kfOG5 . To;}n] dfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx? Kffn'+u6f/sf] lj:tfl/t j}7sn] lg0f{o u/]sf hgo'4sf] hufdf hgljb|f]x cfwf/ to ug{' g} plrt xf] eGb} Pdfcf]jfbLn] ;lRrP/ cfPdf PsLs/0f cjZo x'g] egL /x]sf 5g\ . x'g t Pdfcf]jfbL clxn] olt w't{ / rt'/ rnfv cfkm'nfO{ ;lDemb}g eg]/ eGg' clns xtf/ g} x'g] 5g\ . To;}n] obL jf:tljs ?kdf Pdfcf]jfbL PsLs/0fsf] kIfdf /x]sf] 5 eg] kf6L{sf] ;dLIff / z'l4s/0f clt cfjZos ;a eGbf a9L Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ g} /x]sf] 5 . j}rfl/s / ;}4flGts w/ftndf pleg' g} Pdfcf]jfbLsf] lxtdf x'g] 5 eg] cfkm\gf] cl:tTjnfO{ ;d]t /Iff ug{ ;Sg] 5 . To;sf] nflu Pdfcf]jfbLn] x]6f}8f dxflwj]zgsf] sfo{lbzf g} unt /x]sf] ;fljt Pdfcf]jfbLs} g]t[Tjdf ePsf] slyt ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgn] g} ul/ ;s]sf 5g\ . t;y{ Pdfcf]jfbL;+u cfkm\gf] cl:tTj / cf}lrTo /Iffy{sf lgDtL klg ;lRrP/ cfpg' g} a]; x'g] 5g\ . otf cfd g]kfnL hgtf, sfo{stf{ tyf g]tfx? klg kf6L{ PsLs/0fs} kIfdf b]lvPsf 5g\ . ;f]sf] nflu Ps k6s km]/L klg dfcf]jfbL k'R5/ ePsf kf6L{x?n] Ps k6s km]/L klg gf}nf] hgjfbL qmflGtsf nflu w'|jLs/0f cfjZos b]lvPsf] 5 . ;f]sf] yfngLsf nflu Pdfcf]jfbLn] cfkm'nfO{ k'0f{?k]0f ;'wf/ dfq} xf]Og a? qmflGtsf/L cfFr/0f / qmflGtsf/L nfOg ;dfTg' h?/L b]lvPsf] 5 . casf] qmflGtsf/L sDo'lgi6x?sf] w'|jLs/0f / PsLs/0fsf lgDtL sfo{ut Pstf dfkm{t g} ;Dej /x]sf] eGg] s'/fsf] k'li6 x'b} uPsf] 5 . t;y{ hgo'4nfO{ w/fkdf kfg{] g]tfu0fx?n] cfTdnf]rgf ug}{ kg]{ b]lvg5 . clg dfq qmflGtsf/Lx?sf] w'|jLs/0f / PsLs/0f ;Dej /x]sf] h:tf] dnfO{ nfu]sf] 5 . c:t'


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g] k fnsf s' g } g] t fn] x] u hfg' kb{ } g , xfdLn] k" j { k | w fgdGqL / u[ x dGqLnfO{ h] n xfNg vf] h ] s f] xf] O g – jif{ d fg k' g -cgGt_, Pdfcf] j fbL g] t f Pdfcf] j fbLn] uDeL/ dfgj clwsf/ pNn+3gsf 36gfaf6 pGd'lQm lng vf]Hof] eGg] cf/f] k dfgjclwsf/sd{ L Pj+ jlsnx?n] nufPsf 5Gf . xf] < of] cf/f]k dfq xf], ;To xf]Og . j[xt zflGt ;Demf}tf / cGtl/d ;+ l jwfgn] åGåsfnsf uDeL/ dfgjclwsf/ pNn+3gsf 36gfdf ;To lg?k0f ug{] / d]nldnfk ug{] eg]sf] 5 . o;df sf+u; ]| klg ;xdt ePsf] xf] . Pdfn] klg ;xdt ePsf] xf] . xfdL ;a} ;xdt eP/ tTsfnLg /fHo / lj›f]xL kIfn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf 5Gf . dfgj clwsf/sdL{x?nfO{ klg of] x:tfIf/ ePsf] yfxf xf]nf . csf{] s'/f, nlDaP/ cfpFbf gofF-gofF s'/fx?;Fu dfG5]sf cfu|x klg ldl;P/ cfP . oyfy{df dfcf]jfbL lxhf] h'g kf]lh;gdf lyof], tYox? lg?k0f ug{,] d]nldnfksf] jftfj/0f agfpg], o;}df 5 . ;To lg?k0f u/] k l5 uDeL/ ck/fwsf 36gfdf d]nldnfk ug{] ls sf/af/xL ug{] < of] zflGt k|lqmof;Fu ;DjlGwt ljifo xf] . Pp6f sfd ;]gf ;dfof]hg, bf];|f] sfd ;+qmd0fsfnLg Gofo / t];f| ] sfd ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{] . Pp6f k"/f eO;Sof], b'O{j6f afFsL 5Gf . ;+qmd0fnLg GofocGt/ut xfdLn] b'O{j6f s'/f lnPsf 5f}+ . ;To lg?k0f / d]nldnfk cfof]u u7g clg a]kQf gful/ssf] 5fgljg ug{ cfof]u u7g ug{] . ;To lg?k0f cfof]u s] xf] eGbf b'lgofFe/ sl/j $) b]zdf o;sf] :yfkgf / sfd u/]sf] xfdL kfpF5f}+ . xfdL $! cf}+ b]z aGg]5f}+ . o;sf cfˆg} ljz]iftfx? x'G5Gf, cfˆgf df}lnstfx? 5Gf . cGt/fli6"o :6Øf088{ eGg] s]xL vf; 5}g . $) j6} cnucnu vfnsf 5Gf . g]kfnn] ug{ vf]h]sf] rfFlx s:tf] xf] < xfdLn] ug{ vf]h]sf] s] xf] eg] ;To lg?k0f dfq xf] O g, d] n ldnfk eg] s f 5f} + . cGt/fli6" o cg'ejx?nfO{ x]bf{ ;To lg?k0fsf s]xL kIf 5Gf . Pp6f eg]sf] ljutsf] ;z:q åGå /fhgLlts lyof], sf/0fx? ;lxt . sf/0fx? s] x'Gf < Tof] vf]hL ug{] xf] . ju{Lo{ , hftLo, If]qLo, n}lu+s lje]bx? lyP . ;fdGtL /fHo Joj:yf lyof] . To;nfO{ x6fpg xfdLn] eg]sf 5f}+ . cGo kf6{Ln] cfˆg} 9+un] JofVof u/]sf 5Gf . eGbf s] sf/0fn] ljutsf] åGå eof] eg]/ tYox? ;+sng ug{], To;df s:tfvfnsf 36gf eP eg]/ ;+sng ug{] . To;kl5 Tof] 36gfnfO{ s;/L lg?k0f ug{] eGg]df kl/k"/0f ug{,] /f]huf/sf] Joj:yf ug{,] Ifltk"lt{sf] Joj:yf ug{,] cfjf;sf] Joj:yf ug{,] pkrf/sf] Joj:yf ug{] . rf} y f] , åGå x' g ' s f sf/0fdf /fHosf ;] g f, k|x/L;lxtsf ;+/rgf k'gM ;+/rgf ug{k' g{h ] ] 5, Tof] cfof]un] l;kmfl/; u5{ . oL ;To lg?k0fsf kIfx? x'Gf . /, kfFrf}+ s'/f, dflg;x?nfO{ Gofo lbg] xf] . clxn] Psyl/ dfG5]x? vfnL Gofosf] dfq s'/f ul//x]sf 5Gf . csf{yl/n] ;Todfq vf]Hg] eg]sf 5Gf . of] oyfy{ xf]Og . xfdLn] kfFrj6} sfd ;Fu} ug{] xf] . To; cGt/ut klxnf]b]lv rf}yf];Ddsf] sfddf s;}sf] dte]b 5}g . kfFrf}+ sfd s] ug{] eGg] xf] . Gofo cg'el" t u/fpg] xf] . Ps t cl3Nnf rf/j6f sfd ub{f klg dfG5]n] Gofosf] dx;'; u5{ . d]/f] Oltxf; n]lvof], Ifltk"lt{ kfPF, pkrf/ ef] . To;}u/L d}n] u0ftGq, ;+3Lotf, ;dfj]lztfdf d]/f] kl/jf/n] of]ubfg u/]sf] 5 eg]/ /fHon] :jLsf/ ug{' klg cfkm}d + f Gofo xf] . t/, uDeL/ dfgjclwsf/sf pNn+3g ePsf 5Gf, h'g /fHosf] gLltdf klg kb{}gYof], tTsfnLg lj›f]xLsf] gLltdf klg lyPg . To;nfO{ cfof]un] sf/afxL ug{] ls Ifdfbfg ug{] eg]/ l;kmfl/; u5{ . p;f] e P Goflos lg?k0f ubf{ dfkmL klg x'G5 of sf/afxL klg x'g ;S5 x}g < xf] . Gofosf] s'/fdf b'O{kIf ldn]/ xfdL ldN5f}+ eGbf cfof]un] d]nldnfk klg u/fpF5 . kl/k"0f{ sf l;kmfl/;x? klg u5{ . ;fy} s] x L uDeL/ dfgjclwsf/ pNn+3gsf 36gfdf sf/afxLsf] l;kmfl/; klg u5{ . o;/L sfo{ k flnsfn] agfpg] cfof] u n] l;kmfl/; u/] s f cfwf/df dfq sf/afxL x'g] xf] eg] Gofofnosf] sfd s] t < To;f] xf]Og . ;+qmd0fsfnLg Gofo eg]sf] lxhf] ePsfn] klg xf]Og, clxn] ePsfn] klg xf]Og . of] cln km/s xf] . !) jif{sf] åGådf xfd|f] ;fdfGo /fHon] sfd ul//x]sf] cj:yf lyPg . ;+s6sfn nufpg' t /fHo lgoldt rn]sf] xf]Og lg . ;+s6sfn nufP/ hgo'4 bafpg] jf To;lj?4 n8\g,] ;+ljwfg dflGbg, km]5'{ eg]/ n8\bf t ;+ljwfgn] sfd u/]sf] x'Fb}g lg . To;f] ePsfn] To:tf 36gfx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{ ;+qmd0fsfnLg Joj:yf ug{] eg]sf] xf] . To:tf 36gf lgoldt cbfntn]

x]g{ ;Sb}g . h:t} !) jif{ cufl8 anfTsf/sf] 36gf eof], To;sf] xbDofb #) lbg x'G5 . clxn] t l;l4of] . xfdLn] t Gofo ug{] eg]sf] xf] . To;a]n} xbDofb ;lsP klg gofF sfg'g agfP/ sf/afxL ug{] eg]sf] t /fd|f] s'/f xf] . 3/ cfunfuL ef], s'6lk6 ef] . ;a}sf] xbDofb ;lsof] . sf]xL #% lbg] xf]nf, sf]xL @ dlxg] xf]nf . To;}n] xfdLn] clxn] ;+qmd0fsfnLg sfg"g agfP/ Gofo ug{] eg]sf] xf] . csf{], ;fdfGo cbfntn] sfd ug{] xf] eg]\ t lsg cfof]u agfpg' k{of] ? Pp6f kLl8t 5 cs{f] kL8s 5 . kLl8tn] ph'/L u/]kl5 ;lsof] . /fHo g} lsg nfUg'k{of] t ? cfof]u lsg eGbf ;+qmd0fsfnLg Gofosf nflu xf] . JolQm-JolQmn] ug{] xf] eg] /fHo / Pp6f ;d"xaLr ePsf] n8fO{ JolQm JolQmdf hfG5 / csf{] åGå x'G5 . dfgf}+ lxhf] ;]gfn] oftgf lbof] eg]/ ph'/L k/]kl5 t JolQm JolQmaLrsf] n8fO{ x'G5 . d]nldnfklt/ xf]Og ls hgo'4sf nfvf}+ s]; JolQm JolQmdf hfG5 . jf sf]lz; t u5{ . t/, xbDofb ;lsPsf] x'G5 . lxhf]sf] 3fp klg 5}g . ;fIfL klg 5}g . xbDofb ;lsof] . clg dfG5] emg cGofodf k5{Gf .

b PS;Sn'l;e jm' /fsfgL sf+ u | ] ; / Pdfcf] j fbL Psdt eP klg ljw]osdf Pdfn]n] u/]sf] u'gf;f] sxfFg]/ xf] < Psyl/ dfG5]x?nfO{ s] nfu]sf] 5 eg] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ w]/} sf/afxL x'G5 . of] xfd|f] ;/sf/sf] ljifo xf]Og eGg] nfu]sf] 5 . s;}nfO{ åGå Joj:yfkgsf] s'/f ;lsof] eg] Jofkf/ g} ;lsG5 eGg] 5 . nfvf}+ s/f]8f}s + f] Jofkf/ 5 . sltkon] j[xt zflGt ;Demf}tf / cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] dd{ g} lal;{Psf 5Gf . hxfF;Dd bnx?sf] s'/f 5, o;df abnfsf] s'/f jf sf/jfxLsf] s'/f ug{] xf] eg] dfcf]jfbLsf s]xL g]tfx? k5{Gf . sf+u|]; / Pdfn]sf g]tfx? klg k5{Gf . :jefljs xf] . k]?df ev{/} cfof]u ag]sf] 5 . k]? ;fOlgªkfyn] o'å u{of] t/, /fHon] c;kmn agfOlbof] . p;sf # xhf/ g]tf sfo{st{f h]ndf 5Gf . /fHon] lhTof], km'lhdf]/L /fi6"klt lyP . t/, cfof]un] 5fgljg ub{f km'hLdf]/L;lxt @ xhf/ s];x? x]b{f $& d'2fdf sf/afxLsf nflu l;kmfl/; ePsf] 5 . h;df % xhf/nfO{ sf/afxLnfO{ l;kmfl/; ePsf] 5 . ToxfF /fHon] lht]sf] lyof], t/ hfkfgdf /x]sf /fi6"kltnfO{ ;dft]/ NofP/ h]n xflnPsf] 5 . To;}n] /fHon] lht]/ klg /fi6"klt h]n hfFbf /x]5Gf . lj›f]xL g]tf uf]Ghfnf] klg h]nd} 5Gf . s] o;} ug{ vf]Hof] xf] < eg]/ xfdLn] eGbf ;a} ;fyLx? xf]Og eG5Gf . s] xf] t eGbf uDeL/ dfgjclwsf/ pNn+3gsf 36gfx? sxfF 5Gf, ToxfF x]/f}+ . afFsL k"j{k|wfgdGqLnfO{ h]n xfNg vf]h]sf] klg xf]Og . lxhf]sf u[xdGqL h]n hfg'k5{ eg]sf] klg xf]Og . dfcf]jfbLsf ;a} g]tf h]n hfg'k5{ klg eg]sf] xf]Og . xfdL ;dfhdf cfly{s, ;dflhs ;lxtsf e]befj lj?4 ;+3if{ ubf{ Ps jf cs{f] ;Ldf aflx/ hfg'kg{] cj:yf cfPsf] ;a}n] dx;'; u/]sf 5Gf . zflGt k|lqmofdf ;a}sf] Dofg]h ;+ljwfg;efaf6 u5f}{+ . To;f] x'Fbf s;};Fu abnf lng] xf]Og, d]nldnfk ug{] xf] . ljutsf Ifltsf] Ifltk"lt{ eg]sf] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 cu|ufdL ;+ljwfg agfpg] / ToxfF ;a}nfO{ gofF :k]z lbg]df of]ubfg x'G5 . afFsL Pdfn] ;fyLx?sf] sf/afxLdf n}hfg'k5{ eGg] hf]8 lyof] . xfdLn] ;a}nfO{ sf/afxL jf dfkmL eg]sf xf]Ogf}+ . tkfO{ s f] egfO h] n hfg' k { o f] eg] k| r 08 afa' / fd dfq xf] O g, z] / axfb' / jfdb] j x? klg hfG5\g eGg] xf] < Tof] t tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{n] xfd|f sl/j Ps bh{g g]tf sfo{stf{ j]kQf ePsf]af/] clwsf/sd{Lx?n] ;f]Wbf …b] cf/ cn/]8L lsN8Ú eg]/ :jLsf/ ug{e ' Psf] 5 . a]kQf kf/]/ dfg{] k|wfgdGqLnfO{ s] ug{] < To;a]nf u[xdGqL sf] lyP < z+s6sfn nfu" ug{] t z]/axfb'/hL g} xf] . To;nfO{ tTsfnLg ;f+;baf6 ;'?df cg'df]bg u/], kl5 Dofb yk] . 6fpsfsf] d"No tf]s] . nf]sG] ›axfb'/ rGb k|wfgdGqL / jfdb]j uf}td u[xdGqL x'bF f ;a} e Gbf w] / } dfG5] x ? a] k Qf kfl/P eg] / cf]Pr;LPrcf/sf] l/kf]6{ cfPsf] 5 . To;}n] sxLF g sxLF 36gfx? 5Gf . hgo'4sfnd} klg sltko 36gfx? kf6{L gLlt ljk/Lt eP, uNtL eP eg]/ xfdLn] Ifdf dfu]sf 5f}+ . s]xL 36gfdf sf/afxL u/]sf 5f}+ . To;}n] oL 36gfsf] 5fgljg x'G5 .

s]xLdf sf/afxLsf] l;kmfl/; x'G5, s]xL Ifdfbfgdf hfG5 . s]xLdf d]nldnfk x'G5 . tkfO{x?n] ;jf{]Rr cbfntsf] cfb]zljk/Lt ljw]os agfpg'ePsf] 5 /] lg < xfdLn] ljutdf ;a} kf6{L ;xdt eP/} cWofb]z hf/L u/]sf] xf] . clxn] Tof] cWofb]znfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ d:of}bf agfPsf 5f}+ . bf];|f], j[xt zflGt ;Demf}tf / cGtl/d ;+ljwfgnfO{ cfwf/ agfPsf 5f}+ . ;+ljwfgeGbf aflx/ hfg klg ldn]g . zflGt ;Demf}tfeGbf aflx/ hfg klg ldn]g . lsgeg] xfdL s'g} ;+ljwfgnfO{ 6]s/] oxfF cfPsf xf]Ogf}+ lg . zflGt ;Demf}tfnfO{ 6]s]/ cGtl/d ;+ljwfg, cGtl/d ;+ljwfgnfO{ 6]s/] ;+ljwfg;ef, klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efn] u/]sf sfdx?sf] :jfldTj lnFb} clxn]sf] ;+ljwfgefdf 5f}+ . zflGt ;Demf}tfaf6 kl5 x6\g] xf] eg] )$& ;fnsf] ;+ljwfg cfpF5 . u0ftGq, ;+3Lotf ;a} kms{lP/ hfG5 . xfdLn] cbfntsf] km};nfnfO{ klg xfdLn] ;Ddfg u/]sf 5f}+ . ;a}nfO{ cfwf/ agfPsf 5f}+ . sfg"g agfpg] ;+;b 7"nf] xf] ls cbfntsf] cfb]z 7"nf] xf] < To;/L 7"nf] / ;fgf] eGg]eGbf klg sfg"g agfpg] e"ldsf ;+;bsf] x'G5 . To;nfO{ nfu" ug{] sfo{kflnsfsf] x'G5 . To;df cfpg] ;d:ofsf] JofVof ;jf{R] r cbfntn] u5{ . clxn]sf] ;+jw} flgs Joj:yfcg';f/ ;a}sf lhDd]jf/Lx? 5G . ;jf{]Rr cbfntn] u/]sf] JofVof jf lgb{z ] nfO{ s] ug{] eGbf To;nfO{ ;Ddfg ug{] . sfg"g Joj:yflksfn] agfpF5 / To;nfO{ ;jf{R] r cbfntn] ;Ddfg u5{ . To;}n] of] ljjfb ug{] / sf] 7"nf] eGg] ljifo xf]Og . tkfO{ x ?n] ;jf{ ] R rsf] km} ; nfnfO{ gdfg] / ljw]os Nofpg nfu]sfn] of] d'2f ca emg} cGt//fli6" o s/0f x' G 5 eGg] dfgjclwsf/jfbLx?sf] ts{ 5 lg < ;jf{R] rsf] km};nfn] klg cWofb]znfO{ k"/} vf/]h u/] s f] t x} g . ToxfF sxLF g sxLF l/6 lgj]bgst{fx?sf] s'/fsf] ;'gj' fO x'gk5{ eGg] 5 . t/, slt s'/fx?df rfFlx sGˆo'hg klg 5 . s'g} s]; dxfGofolwjQmfn] sf/jfxL ug{] eg]/ lg0f{o u/]sf] #% lbgleq ug{'kg{] eg]sf] 5 . ;fdfGotM p;}lbg g} kmfon ul/G5 . anTsf/ s];sf] xbDofb #% lbg elgPsf] 5 . of] lgoldt sfg"gcg';f/ ug{] xf] eg] t Pp6f klg anTsf/ s]; kmfon x'g g;Sg] eP . To;}n] o;df s]xL Uofk eof] xf]nf . xb Dofb g/fVg] xf] eg] k'/fgf] Hofg s]; Pp6f klg grNg ;S5 . o:tf sof}+ 1fk klg b]lvPsf 5Gf . …anTsf/ nufotsf uDeL/ dfgj clwsf/ pNn+36gsf 36gfdfÚ eGbf c? afFsL ck/fwnfO{ 5' 6 fPsf] xf] ls eGg] 5 . hals uDeL/ dfgjclwsf/ pNn+3gsf 36gf eGgfn] * j6f / cGt//fli6"o dfgjLo sfg"g;d]t kl/efiffdf ( j6f 5Gf . To;}n] anfTsf/ nufot eg]kl5 sxLF g sxLF kl/efiffn] t ;dfT5 . To;}n] JofVofdf sfxLF g sfxLF Uofkx? ePsf 5Gf . ljw] o sdf xTof, anfTsf/nufotsf ( k|sf/sf uDeL/ dfgj clwsf/ pNn+3gsf 36gfdf klg sxLF g sxLF dfkmL lbg vf]lhPsf] 5 / c? ljifodf klg Ifdfbfgdf kLl8t kIfsf] ;xdltnfO{ clgjfo{ ul/Psf] 5} g

eGg] 5 lg < kLl8t kIf;Fu ;Nnfx gul/sg, p;nfO{ hfgsf/L g} glbP/ Ifdfbfg lbg] of sf/jfxL grnfpg] elgPsf] 5}g . csf{] s'/f ;a} s];x?df Ifdfbfg lbg] klg elgPsf] 5}g . ;a} s];dWo] s]xLdf Ifdfbfg x'G5, s]xLdf d]nldnfk x'G5 . s]xLdf sf/jfxL x'G5 . of] s'/fsf] cfof]unfO[{ g} clwsf/ lbOPsf] 5 . cfof]u lgikIf x'G5 . kf/bz{L{ x'G5 . slDk6]G6 klg x'G5 . p;n] :ki6 u5{ ls åGåsf a]nf ePsf olt s'/f d]nldnfkof]Uo 5Gf, olt Ifdfbfgof]Uo 5Gf / olt s'/fdf rflxF sf/jfxLsf nflu l;kmfl/; ug{'k5{ . lxhf]sf] /fhgLlts k[i7e"ld a'‰g] / kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbg;Sg] cfof]u aGg] 5 / p;n] of] s'/f x]5{ eGg] g} xfd|f] ljZjf; xf] . clxn]sf] ljw]osn] oL cfwf/x? lbPsf] 5 . cfof]un] slt;Dd sf/jfxLsf] l;kmfl/; ug{ ;S5 < Tof] t k|rlnt sfg"g cg';f/ g} x'G5 . sf/jfxLsf] l;kmfl/; ul/;s]kl5 k|rlnt sfg"gcg';f/ g} x'G5 . clncln l/onfOh]zg u/]/ lxhf]sf] 36gf xf], olt;Dd u/f}+ eGg t ;Snf t/ sf/jfxLsf nflu ;/sf/nfO{ l;kmfl/; ul/;s]kl5 t k|rlnt sfg"gcg';f/ g} x'G5 . of] ljifosf] cGt/fli6"os/0f x'g] ;Defjgf slt 5 < x'bF g} . lsgeg] ;a} åGå Joj:yfkgdf 6' Lcf/;L' aGb}g . hDdf $) c6f b]zdf dfq} 6Lcf/;L ag]sf] 5 . >Ln+sfdf Toqf] ! nfv eGbf a9L dfG5] d/], ToxfF 6Lcf/;Lsf] s'/} 5}g . xfd|} l5d]s Ol08ofdf klg nfvf}+ nfv dfG5] t dfl/Ps} 5G lg . sl:d/df dfl/Psf 5Gf . c;ddf dfl/Psf 5Gf . t/, Ol08ofdf 6Lcf/;Lsf] s'/} cfpFb}g . a+unfb]zdf klg s]xL klg 5}g . xfdLn] lsg 6Lcf/;L u7g ug{ vf]hs ] f xf}+ eg] xfdL bL3{sfnLg ;dfwfg rfxG5f}+ . cGt//fli6"o ?kdf xfdL Pp6f nf]stflGqs b]z, ;dfj]zL b]z, dfgjclwsf/sf] ;Ddfg ug{] b]z / Pp6f k|ult Pj+ ;Dj[l4;lxtsf] b]z agfpg rfxG5f}+ . oxL sf/0f xfdL 6Lcf/;Ldf uPsf xf}+ . 6Lcf/;L gagfpFbf ;fgf]-;fgf] s'/fdf dfG5]sf] dgdf kL8f x'G5, cfk;L t'ifx? /xnfG . To;}n] xfdLn] 6Lcf/;L agfP/ xfd|f] b]znfO{ cGt//fli6"o ?kdf ;Dj[4 Pj+ dfgjclwsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg ug{] nf]stfGlqs, ;dfj]zL / cu|ufdL b]z agfcf}+ eGg] p2]Zon] o:tf] u/]sf] xf] . o; cy{df of] s'/f ;a}nfO{ dfGo x'G5 . sfxLF 6Lcf/;L g} ag]sf b]zx? klg nf]stfGlqs g} 5 . >Ln+sfn] cfly{s ljsf; klg u/]sf] 5 . p;nfO{ ;a}n] dfg]s} 5Gf . To;}n] xfdL g]kfnLx?n] g]kfnnfO{ dfof klg ug{k' o{ f] . g]kfnsf] x'dt{ lng], OHht lng] / ljz'4 Jofkf/sf] ljifo agfpg ePg . g]kfnL g]tfx?sf] OHht lng] vfnsf] klg x'g' ePg . xfdL g]kfnL xf},+ xfd|f] b]znfO{ ;Dj[4 / dfgj clwsf/ ;DkGg agfpg xfdL rfxG5f}+ . ;w}s + f nflu åGå xf]Og ls ;dfwfg klg rfxG5f}+ . x] u sf] cbfntdf pleg' k 5{ eg] / tkfO{ x ? 8/fpg'ePsf] t 5}g < - of]rfFlx d"vt{ fk"0f{ s'/f xf] . clxn];Dd cGt//fli6"o cle;lGwx?df x:tfIf/ u/]sf] Pp6f klg sfg"gn] g]kfnsf] sf]xL klg g]tf x]u hfg'kb{g} . a'‰b} ga'emL dfG5]x?n] elg/x]sf 5Gf . ;Gb{e} geO{ x]u lsg hfg] < g]kfnsf][ cbfnt km]n ePkl5, g]kfnsf] cbfnt km]n ePkl5, P]g sfg"g / ljlwljwfg l;l4Pkl5 hfg] s'/f] g xf] . dHhfn] cbfntn] sfd ul//x]sf] 5 . dHhfn] zf;g rln/x]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg 5, sfg"g 5, lgoldt k|lqmof 5 . t/, a]nfotdf kqmfpm k/]sf sg{]n s'df/ nfdfsf] pbfx/0f klg 5 lg < of] cln km/s 36gf xf] . pgLrfFlx ToxfFsf] kLcf/ klg lnPsf JolQm x'Gf . pgL ToxLFsf] gful/sh:tf] ePsf] x'gfn] o:tf] ePsf] xf] . t/, ;a} g]tfx? ljb]z uPs} 5Gf t . slyt cf/f]k nufOPsf g]tfx? h]ge ] f klg uPs} 5Gf . cd]l/sf uPs} 5Gf . h;n] /f]dljwfg kf; u/]sf] 5, ToxfF klg uO/fv]sf 5Gf . To;}n] of] t;f{pg] / Ps csf{nfO{ xtf]T;flxt ug{] s'/f]dfq} xf] . o;n] Ps}l5gnfO{ /fd|f] xf]nf t/ s;}nfO{ kmfObf ub{}g . oxfFsf k|wfgdGqL / u[xdGqL km'lhdf]/Lh:t} x'G5Gf, h]n k5{Gf eGbf Ps}l5g s;}nfO{ dHhf t cfpnf t/, o;n] bL3{sfnLg ;dfwfg s]xL lbFbg} . lsgls log} g]tfx? x'Gf, h;n] b]znfO{ oxfF;Dd NofP . d'ns ' Psa]nf åGådf klg uPs} xf] . cl:t Pshgf k"j{ k|wfgdgqLn] eGb} x'gx' G' Yof], !% xhf/sf] Hofg hfg' 7"nf] Iflt xf], t/ xfdLn] /f]Sof}+ . clxn] ;ft jif{;Dd of] zflGt k|lqmof g/f]lsPsf] eP clxn];Dd !% xhf/ xf]Og, nfv dfG5] dy{] . o; sf/0fn] klg xfdLn] d]nldnfk ;'? u/]sf xf}+ .

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hgsk' / df k| f lws/0fsf] lh0f{ ;+ / rgf, 6« f G;kmd{ / / ld6/ cefj, dfu ul/Psf] Ifdtf eGbf ck' u 6« f G;kmd{ / / k| f lws/0fåf/f x' g ] ljleGg lqmofsnfkdf e| i 6frf/, clgoldttf / nfk/jfxL;F u } ljB' t pkef] S tfåf/f x' g ] ljB' t hgsk' / df ljB' t cfk' l t{ d f x' g ] u/] s f] rf]/L h:tf r'xfj6sf sf/0f ljB't cfk'lt{df clgoldttf x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

clgoldttf tTsfn ;dfwfg x'g] s'g} 5fF6sfF6 b]lvPsf] 5}g . 9Ns]j/ l:yt kfj/ 6«fG;kmd{/sf] Ifdtf ha;Dd #) PdeLP x'bF g} ta;Dd hgsk'/df ljB't cfk'lt{sf] clgoldttf / ef]N6]h ;d:of /lx/xg] hgsk'/ ljB't k|flws/0f ljt/0f s]Gb|sf OlGhlgo/ lht]Gb| ofbjn] b PS;Sn'l;e;Fusf] s'/fsfgLdf atfPsf 5g\ . ljutdf 9Ns]j/df #) PdeLP Ifdtf /x]sf] kfj/ 6"fG;kmd{/ h8fg ul/Psf] lyof] t/ kl5Nnf] ;dodf pSt 6«fG;kmd{/sf] Ifdtf qmlds ?kn] s6f}lt x'bF } uPkl5 hgsk'/df ljB't cfk'lt{df ;d:of ePsf] xf] . pSt 6"fG;kmd{/sf] Ifdtf s6f}tL x'bF } @) PdeLP / xfn If0f s6f}tL eP/ !@=% PdeLP dfq /x]sf sf/0f ljB't Ifdtfdf s6f}tL ePsf] ofbjsf] egfO{ 5 . clxn] Psftkm{ 6«fG;kmd{/sf] Ifdtfdf s6f}tL eof] / csf]{ tkm{ ljB't cfk'lt{ ug]{ u|fxsx?sf] ;+Vofdf klg pNn]vgLo j[l4 ePsf sf/0f ljB't cfk'lt{df emg} ;d:of j9]sf] ofbjsf] ts{ 5 . hgsk'/ ljt/0f s]Gb| dftxt clxn] sl/a ^$ xhf/ hlt u|fxs /x]sf 5g h;dWo] hgsk'/ gu/kflnsf leq dfq #) xhf/sf] xf/fxf/Ldf u|fxs /x]sf 5g\ . o;cl3 phf{ d lGq ePsf a] n f pdfsfGt emfn] @) PdeLPsf] 6«fG;kmd{/ vf]Ng nufO{ dd{tsf nflu k7fO;s]sf] atfPsf lyP . t/, xfn;Dd pSt 6«fG;kmd{/sf] s] eof] eGg] vf]hva/ klg 5}g . sd Ifdtf /x]sf] 6«fG;kmd{/df nf]8 j9g yfn]kl5 s]jn efOj|6] x'G5 / 6«fG;kmd{/ tfltG5 . To;sf/0f ;KnfO{df sdL ug"k{ b{5 / ljB't cfk'lt{df s6f}tL x'g hfg] sf/0f ef]N6]h nf] x'g] u/]sf] OlGhlgo/ ofbjn] atfP . 6« f G;kmd{ / sf] cefj wg' i ff lhNnfdf 6« f G;kmd{ / sf] cefjsf sf/0f klg ljB'tsf] ef]N6]h ;d:of b]lvPsf] 5 . wg'iffdf s'n # ;o % j6f 6"fG;kmd{/ h8fg ePsf 5g\ h;dWo] ! ;o $) j6f 6«fG;kmd{/x? hgsk'/ gu/kflnsf leq h8fg ePsf 5g\ . hgsk'/ ljt/0f s]Gb|sf cg';f/ % ;o s]eLPsf] Pp6f dfq 6«fG;kmd{/ hgsk'/sf] lzj rf}sdf, @ ;o s]eLPsf] 6«fG;kmd{/ ! ;o @ j6f, ! ;o s]eLPsf] 6"fG;kmd{/ &% j6f gu/kflnsf leq / @) j6f lhNnfsf cGo ufpFx?df, %) s]eLPsf] ! ;o * j6f 6«fG;kmd{/ gu/kflnsf afx]s / gu/kflnsf leq # j6f 6«fG;kmd{/, !% s]eLPsf 6«fG;kmd{/ # j6f lhNnfdf h8fg ePsf 5g\ . hgsk'/ gu/kflnsf leq dfq} @ ;o s]eLPsf] # j6f 6«fG;kmd{/ cfjZos /x]sf]df Pp6f dfq gu/kflnsfdf h8fg ePsf] 5 . To;}u/L !! ;o s]eLPsf] % j6f 6«fG;kmd{/ cfjZos /x]sf]df gu/kflnsf leq Pp6f klg h8fg ePsf] 5}g . To;}u/L %) s]eLPsf] % j6f cfjZos /x]sf]df # j6f dfq / @% s]eLPsf] @ j6f 6«fG;kmd{/ cfjZos /x]sf]df Pp6f 6«fG;kmd{/ dfq h8fg ePsf 5g\ . o;/L cfjZos /x]sf 6«fG;kmd{/ k|flws/0fn] cfk'lt{ ug{ g;s]/klg ljB't cfk'lt{df ;d:of ePsf] xf] . ofbjsf cg';f/ 6«fG;kmd{/ dfusf nflu s]Gb|nfO{ k6s k6s kqfrf/ ul/;lsPsf] ePklg s]Gb|n] 6«fG;kmd{/ k7fOlbg] cfZjf;g dfq lbg] u/]sf] 5 .

6« f G;kmd{ / h8fgdf clgoldttf Pl;ofnL ljsf; a}s + sf] kl/of]hgf cGt/ut hgsk'/df ljB't k|0ffnL ;'bl[ 9s/0f sfo{sf nflu 6]G8/ kfPsf ho dfF b'u]{ sG;6«S;g sDkgLn] s/f/ u/] cg';f/ wg'iff lhNnfdf @@ j6f 6«fG;kmd{/ h8fg ug'k{ g]{ lyof] . t/, pSt sDkgLsf ;+rfns k|sfz n'O6]n !@ j6f 6«fG;kmd{/ dfq h8fg u/L kms]s { f 5g\ . o;sf cltl/St 6«fG;kmd{/ nufO{ s]jn tfg]/ rfh{ ug],{ k'/fgf] tf/ x6fP/ gofF tf/ h8fg ug"k{ g]{ nufotsf sfd klg pSt 7]sb] f/n] gu/]kl5 hgsk'/df ljB't cfk'lt{sf] ;d:of oyfjt} /x]sf] 5 . pSt sDkgLn]

s'g} 6«fG;kmd{/ hNof] eg] To;sf] dd{t ug{ sDtLdf b'O{ b]lv tLg lbg;Dd nfUg] / ToxfFsf] u|fxsx?sf] nfOg csf]{ nfOgsf] 6«fG;kmd{/df h8fg ubf{ ce/ nf]8sf sf/0f csf]{ 6«fG;kmd{/ klg hNg] u/]sf] 5 . slx st} cfunlu eof] eg] tTsfn d]g nfOg g} aGb ug'k{ g]{ x'gfn] ;d]t nf]8;]l8ª afx]s ljB't s6f}tL x'g] u/]sf] ofbjn] atfP . ljB't r'xfj6sf sf/0f klg ljB't s6f}tL hgsk'/ gu/kflnsf leq / ufpFx?df v'nc ] fd x'lsª u/]/ ljB't rf/L ul/ ljB't cfk'lt{ ug]{ qmd g/f]lsPsfn] klg oxfF ljB't r'xfj6 j9\b} uPsf] 5 . hgsk'/ gu/kflnsf leq

g]kfn ljB't k|flws/0f, hgsk'/ ljt/0f s]Gb|sf] sfof{no .

h8fg u/]sf 6«fG;kmd{/sf] Sjfln6L klg sd;n /x]sf] clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]udf ph'/L k/]kl5 ljB't k|flws/0fsf] s]lGb|o k|dv ' gj/fh cf]emfn] tLg ;ftf cl3 slkn]Zj/df h8fg ul/Psf] 6«fG;kmd{/ Sjfln6L r]ssf nflu lems]/ nu]sf 5g\ . ljutsf ;dodf 6" f G;kmd{ / sf] vl/bdf ePsf] clgoldttf lj?4 clVtof/df d'2f k/]kl5 gofF 6«fG;kmd{/ vl/b g} gePsf sf/0f b]z}e/L 6«fG;kmd{/sf] cefj /x]sf] OlGhlgo/ ofbjn] atfPsf 5g\ . P;lacf/, P;Ps]O, x'jO{ ;gnfO6, 8ªkmª nufotsf sDkgLx? lj?4 d'2f k/]sf] / tL sDkgLx?n] km]/L gofF 6«fG;kmd{/ lbg] s'/f ;d]t eO/x]sf sf/0f gofF 6«fG;kmd{/ glslgPsf] ofbjn] atfP . t/, pSt d'2f ;DalGw xfn;Dd km};nf g} gePsf sf/0f 6«fG;kmd{/ ;DalGw cGof}n sfod} 5. nf]8;]l8ª afx]ssf] ;dodf klg ljB't s6f}tL hgsk'/df nf]8;]l8ªsf nflu lgwf{l/t ul/Psf] ;do eGbf afx]s klg hgsk'/ k|flws/0fn] ljB't cfk'lt{df s6f}tL ugf{n] ;]jf u|fxLx? yk dsf{df kg]{ u/]sf 5g\ . udL{ j9g nfUbf ljB't gx'g] u/]kl5 dfG5]sf] hglhjgdf ;d]t k|lts'n c;/ kg{ yfn]sf] 5 . k|flws/0fsf clwsf/Lx?sf cg';f/ l;:6d km]n ePkl5 sf7df08f}af6 ljleGg ;j:6]zgx? x]6f}8f, rGb|lgufxk'/, 9Ns]j/ x'bF } hgsk'/;Dd ljB't cfk'lt{ ubf{ s]xL ;do nfUg] ePsf sf/0f klg ljB't s6f}tL x'g] u/]sf] 5 . nf]8;]l8ªsf ;do afx]s cfpg] nfOgdf ;a} u|fxsx?n] Ps};fy df]6/ rnfpg], k+vf rnfpg], OGe{6/ rfh{ ug]{ x'gfn] ljB'tsf] ef/ sd x'g uO{ nf] ef]N6]h x'g] u/]sf] 5 . o;sf cltl/St

u' 7 Lsf] hUufdf cglws[ t ?kn] 3/ agfPsfx?n] ljB't sfof{noaf6 ld6/ gkfPklg ljB't x'lsª u/]/ ljB't rf]/L ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ . o;sf cltl/Qm ufpFdf ;d]t ljB't rf]/L

ug]x{ ?sf] ;+Vof lbg k|lt lbg j9\b} uPsf] 5 . pSt r'xfj6 lgoGq0f ug{ ljutsf ;dodf /fhLj l;+x sfof{no k|dv ' x'bF f 5fkfdf/L u/]/ ljB't rf]gn {] fO{ sfg'gsf] bfo/fdf Nofpg cleofg g} rnfPsf] lyof] . ljB'tsf] dx;'n nfvf}+ ?k}ofF Ps Ps u|fxsn] ltg{ afFsL /x]sf] cj:yfdf nfOg sf6]/ /fhZj klg j9fPsf lyP . t/, To:tf] sfo{ xfn ePsf] b]lvFbg} . OlGhlgo/ ofbjsf cg';f/ ufpFx?df 5fkfdf/L ug{ uof] eg] ld6/ lng pkef]Stfx?sf] rfk sfof{nodf j9\g] / ld6/ dfu ePklg xfdLx?;Fu gofF ld6/ gePsf] cj:yfdf lbg} g;lsg] ePsf sf/0f klg xfdLn] ljB't r'xfj6 lgoGq0fsf nflu cleofg rnfpg ;s]sf 5}gf}+ . ljut $ dlxgf b]lv l;Gun km]h ld6/sf] cefj /x]sf] eGb} ofbjn] o; cl3 g} sl/a # ;o u|fxsn] ld6/ lsGgsf nflu clu|d k};f a'emfO;s]sf 5g\ t/ ld6/ pknAw gePsf sf/0f lbg g;s]sf] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ ;fpg dlxgf;Dd gofF ld6/ cfpg] s'g} 5fF6sfF6 5}g . ef]N6]n ;'wf/sf nflu aflif{s #) b]lv $) nfv ?k}ofF ah]6sf] lgsf;f x'g] ub{5 . h;dWo] o; cfly{s jif{df ?= # b]lv $ nfv ;Ddsf] dfq sfd ePsf] OlGhlgo/ ofbj atfpF5g\ . ;|ft] sf cg';f/ d/Ddt tyf ;Def/ sf nflu cfpg] /sd sfddf vr{g} gu/L sfuhdf sfd u/]sf] b]vfP/ clwsf/Lx?n] k'/fsf k'/f /sd e|i6frf/ ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . pSt /sdsf] klg OdfGbf/L k'js { ;b'kof]u ul/lbPsf] eP hgsk'/df ljB't cfk'lt{df x'g] u/]sf] clgoldttfdf s]xL /fxt eg] cjZo g} x'g] lyof] .

hgsk'/ u|}08 xf]6]n k|f=ln= z'qmaf/L ahf/ -lt/x'ltof uf5L_ hgsk'/

G R A N D

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b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============

wfld{s :ynsf] ?kdf /x]sf] hgsk'/wfddf k|To]s dlxgf @ b]lv $ j6f;Dd j]jfl/;] cj:yfdf nfzx? a/fdb x'g] u/]sf] 5 . sltko cj:yfdf :jefljs d[To' x'g] u/]sf] ePklg s]xL 36gfx?df xTof ul/Psf t/ klxrfg v'Ng g;s]sf nfzx?klg a/fdb x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . ! a}zfv @)^( df wg'iffsf] 9Ns]j/ & l:yt /fhdfu{ b]vL % ;o ld6/ klZrd v]tdf sl/a @! b]lv @@ jif{;Dd pd]/ /x]sf] Pp6f dlxnfsf] nfz km]nf k/]sf] lyof] . k|x/Ln] nfzsf] hfF r ubf{ pSt dlxnf;F u s' g } JolQmn] zfl//Ls ;Dks{ :yflkt u/L 3fF6L lyrL xTof u/]sf] kfPsf] lyof] . pSt nfznfO{ s]xL lbg kl5 k|x/Ln] ;but ug{ nufPklg ;gfvt x'g g;s]sf] pQm nfzsf] d'2f cem} klg lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no wg'iffn] cuf8L j9fPsf] 5 . t/, ;gfvt g} x'g g;s]kl5 tYo xfn;Dd aflx/ cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . !! a}zfv @)&) df wg'iffsf] l;d/f9L l:yt gx/df Pp6f #) jlif{o dlxnfnfO{ xTof u/L j] j fl/;] cj:yfdf kmflnPsf] lyof] . k|x/Ln] tTsfn 36gfsf] cg';Gwfg ubf{ pQm nfzsf] klxrfg v' N g g;s] k lg xTof g} ul/Psf] k|df0f h'6fO{ nfzsf] ;but u/fPsf lyP . 36gfsf] sl/a # dlxgf kl5 dfq d[tssf] klxrfg v'ns ] f] lyof] . k|x/Ln] cg';Gwfg ubf{ d[ts k5]/jf * sf l/hjfgf vft'g /x]sL lyOg . pgnfO{ Ps/fxL -* d'l/jfsf ;xdb /fOg, dlbs /fOg ;d]tn] wfl/nf] xltof/n] sGr6df sf6L xTof u/]sf] kfPsf] lyof] . k|x/Ln] pSt 36gfsf k|ltjfbL @* jlif{o ;xdb /fOgnfO{ @* ;fpg @)&) df kqmfp u/]sf] lyof] . k|x/Lsf cg';f/ ;xdb ljb]zdf x'bF f 3/df 6]lnkmf]g ubf{ l/hjfgf ;Fu k|d ] ePsf] / j} b ] l zs /f] h uf/Laf6

3/kms]/{ cfPkl5 l/hjfgf;Fu zfl//Ls ;DaGw :yflkt u/]sf] lyof] . Ps lbg aflx/ 3'Dg hfg] eg]/ zfl//Ls ;Dks{ :yfkgf u/]/ pgsf] xTof u/]sf] k|x/Lsf] cg';Gwfgdf v'ns ] f] lyof] . To;}u/L s]xL jif{ cuf8L hgsk'/sf] dfgsL xf]6n ] df Ps hgf dlxnfsf] xTof ul/Psf] cj:yfdf j]jfl/;] zj a/fdb ePklg s]xL dlxgf kl5 k|x/Ln] nfzsf] ;gfvt ug{s ' f] ;fy} xTof/f ;d]tnfO{ kqmfp u/L h]n k7fPsf] lyof] . To;}u/L s]xL jif{ cuf8L >LdltnfO{ xTof u/L nfzsf] 6'qmf 6'qmf u/L af]/fdf afFw/] Pp6f kf] v /Ldf kmfn] s f] j] j fl/;] nfznfO{ wg' i ff k|x/Ln] kl5 uP/ ;gfvt ug's { f ;fy} xTof/f ;d]tnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] lyof] . dflysf pSt 36gfx?n] s] klg b]vfpF5 eg] sltko xTof ul/Psf] / ;gfvt x'g g;s]sf] cj:yfdf klg hgsk'/df j]jfl/;] nfz km]nf kg]{ u/]sf 5g\ . hgsk'/df k|foM h;f] j[4 dfG5] x ?sf] nfz j] j fl/; cj:yfdf kfOg] ul/Psf] 5 . 5f]/f 5f]/Ln] 3/af6 lgsfnL lbPkl5 lty{sf nflu hgsk'/ cfpFbf, dfgl;s ;Gt'ng lju|/] d[To' x'g,] sltko lev dfUg] levf/Lx?, vfg nfpg gkfpg] ul/a JolQmx?, sltko cj:yfdf cGo 7fpFsf dfG5]nfO{ oxfF NofP/ xTof u/]/ km/f/ x'g] / pSt d[ts nfz nfjfl/; /xg] u/]sf] wg'iff k|x/L jtfpF5g\ . j9\ b f] j] j fl/; nfz hgsk'/ c~rn c:ktfnn] pknAw u/fPsf] tYofª cg' ; f/ ut cfly{ s jif{ @)^(÷)&) sf] ;fpg dlxgf b]lv ciff9 dlxgf;Dd s'n @! j6f j]jfl/;] cj:yfdf e]l6Psf] zjnfO{ kf]i6df6{d ul/Psf] lyof] . h;dWo] !) j6f dlxnf / !! j6f k'?ifsf] nfz j]jfl/;] cj:yfdf /x]sf] lyof] . ;fpgdf ! k'?if, c;f]hdf ! k'?if / ! dlxnf u/L s'n @, sflt{sdf ! k'?if

/ ! dlxnf u/L s'n @, d+l;/df ! k'?if, df3df @ k'?if, r}q ! dlxnf, @)&) a}zfvdf @ k'?if, h]7df @ k'?if / & dlxnf u/L s'n ( / ciff9df ! k'?if u/L s'n @! hgf dflg;sf] zjsf] ;gfvt x'g ;s]g . To;}u/L cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷)&! sf] ;fpg dlxgf b]lv r}q dlxgf ;Dd !# k'?if / !) dlxnf u/L s'n @# hgfsf] nfz j]jfl/;] cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf] lyof] . c~rn c:ktfndf k'¥ofOPsf tL nfzx? dWo] ;fpgdf ! k'?if / ! dlxnf u/L s'n @, efb|df ! k'?if / ! dlxnf u/L s'n @, c;f]hdf ! k'?if / ! dlxnf u/L s'n @, sflt{sdf ! dlxnf / @ k'?if u/L s'n #, d+l;/df # k'?if / ! dlxnf u/L s'n $, k'ifdf ! k'?if / # dlxnf u/L s'n $, df3df @ k'?if / ! dlxnf u/L s'n #, kmfu'gdf ! k'?if / r}qdf ! k'?if / ! dlxnf u/L s'n @ nfz /x]sf lyP . s'g} klg 7fpFdf d[t nfz km] n f k/] s f] ;" r gf k| f Kt ePkl5 k|x/Ln] tTsfn 36gf :yndf k'u]/ 36gf :yn d'rN' sf tof/ ub{5 . :yflgo k|x/L ToxfF k'u]/ nfznfO{ ;'/lIft kfg's { f ;fy} sfg'gL k|ls|of k|f/De ub{5 . nfz hfFrsf] k|sl[ t d'rN' sf, ;'Gg], eGg] / hfGg] dfG5]sf] sfuh u/L k|x/Ln] nfzsf] sk8f jf cGo x'lnof jf k|df0fx? klxrfg ug]{ sf]lzif ub{5 . pSt nfz s'g cj:yfdf a/fdb ul/Psf] xf], st{Jo u/L dfl/Psf] xf] ls, 3fp vt 5 ls 5}g, cflb tTsfn 36gf :yndf v6]sf k|x/L 6f]nLn] cg' ; Gwfg cuf8L j9fO{ nfzsf] d[To'sf] sf/0f kQf nufpg cflwsfl/s c:ktfndf nfz hfF r …kf]i6df6{dÚ sf nflu k7fpF5 . lhNnf k| x /L sfof{ n o wg'iffsf k|jStf ;d]t /x]sf k|x/L lg/LIfs uf]ljGb k'/L eG5g,æj] j fl/; cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf] nfzsf] klxrfgsf nflu nfzsf] x'lnof ;lxtsf]

kl/kq k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nosf dfkm{t b]zsf &% j6} lhNnfdf / k|x/Lsf ljleGg o"lg6df kqfrf/ ul/G5 . o;sf cltl/St lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no wg'iffsf] dftxtsf $^ j6f k|x/L o"lg6df ;d]t nfzsf] x'lnof ;lxt klxrfgsf nflu kl/kq ub{ 5 .Æ nfzsf] klxrfgsf nflu ;fj{hlgs :yn, :yfgLo lgsfo, lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf ;d]t ;'rgf 6fF; ul/G5 . olb xTof ePsf] xf] eGg] s]xL cfwf/ / k| d f0f b] l vPkl5 j] j fl/;] nfzsf] xsdf :yfgLo eb|enfbdL, gu/kflnsfsf ;lrj ;lxtsf] d'rN' sf p7fO{ ;but ug{ hgsk' / gu/kflnsfsf] sfof{nonfO{ k|x/Ln] cg'/f]w ub{5 . pSt nfzsf] ef}lts ;j't l;l4Pkl5 kf]i6df6{dsf nflu le;]/f lgsfn]/ kl/If0f ul/G5 . k|x/L lg/LIfs k'/Lsf cg';f/ g] r ' / nL d/] s f] xf] ls, lkmlhsnL P;f]6{ ePsf] xf] ls, ljif ;]jg ul/Psf]÷u/fOPsf] xf] ls jf s] sf/0f d[To' ePsf] xf] . 36gfsf tTsflng cg';Gwfg clws[tn] tTsfn of] k|sl[ tsf] 36gf x'g;Sg] Pp6f /fo lbg ;S5 . xTof ePsf] xf] eg] pSt 36gfsf] cg' ; Gwfg cjlw @) jif{;Ddsf] x'G5 . k| f oM j] j fl/;] nfznfO{ ufl8G5 hgsk'/df j]jfl/;] cj:yfdf e]l6Psf nfzx?nfO{ k|x/Ln] hgsk'/ c~rn c:ktfndf hfFrsf] k|ls|of k'/f eO{;s]kl5 nfzsf] ;butsf nflu hgsk' / gu/kflnsfnfO{ lhDdf lbG5 . nfzsf] gfd, y/, jtg, wd{ s]xL klg gv'ns ] f] cj:yfdf nfznfO{ w] / } lbg;Dd ;gfvtsf] nflu /fVbf nfz ;l8unL hfg] ePsf] x'gfn] k|x/Ln] pSt nfzsf] ;butsf nflu k|x/Ln] ;but ul/lbg hgsk' / gu/kflnsfnfO{ kqfrf/ ub{ 5 . hgsk' / gu/kflnsfn] 6" o fS6/df nfznfO{ nfb] / b' w dlt vf]nfdf nu]/ ufl8lbg] u/]sf] kfOG5 .

hgsk'/df df]6/;fOsnsf] nfO;]G; v'Nof] b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============

nfdf] ;dob]lv /f]lsPsf] df] 6 /;fOsn :s' 6 /sf] rfns cg' d lt kq nfO;]G;_ v'Nnf ePsf]5 . oftfoft Joj:yf sfof{no hgsk'/n] cfOtaf/b]lv b'O{ kfo|] ;jf/L ;fwgsf] rfns cg' d lt kqsf] kmf/d eg{] sfo{ ;'? x'g5 ] . Ps jif{ eGbf a9L ;dob]lv df] 6 /;fOsn nufotsf ;jf/L ;fwgx?sf] rfns cg'dlt kq aGb ePsf] lyof] . gofF dfkb08 cg';f/ ;jf/L rfns cg'dlt kq

lat/0fsf nflu 6"fon k|of]ufTds k/LIff_ lng] pko' Q m :yfg pknAw gePsf] sf/0f /f]lsPsf] lyof] . …b'O{ kfo|] ;jf/L rfns cg' d lt kqsf nflu cfOtaf/af6 cfj]bg v'Nnf ul/Psf]5 .Ú oftfoft Aoj:yf sfof{no hgsk'/sf k|dv ' /fdhL vgfnn] eg]-r}t #) ut] ;Dd cfj]bg v'Nnf /xg]5 . j}zfvsf] ^ ut] k/LIff lng] hgfpFb} pgn] eg]-k|of]ufTds k/LIffsf nflu 1fgs'kdf Joj:yf ldnfOPsf] 5 . ;jf/L

rfns cg' d lt lat/0f /f]lsPsf] sf/0f 6"flkms Joj:yfkgdf 7"nf] ;d:of pTkGg ePsf] atfOG5 . …df]6/;fOsn laqmL x'g] t/ nfO;] G ; lat/0f gx' F b f lbgx' F bh{ g f} rfnsn] hl/jfgf ltg{'kg{] afWotf lyof] . ;jf/L rfnsx?n] Aofks u'gf;f] ug{ yfn]kl5 nfO;] G ; lat/0fsf] k| s [ o fnfO{ cuf8L a9fOPsf]5 . …6"fonsf nflu hUuf 5gf}6df ;d:of eof] .Ú k| d ' v vgfnn] eg] To;sf/0fklg s]lx l9nfO ePsf] 5 . ;j{ ; wf/0fn]

ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;d:ofnfO{ tTsfn ;dfwfg ug{ o'4:t/df 6"fonsf] :yfg 5gf}6 / k|flalws k|so[ fx? ldnfO nfO;]G;sf] k/LIfF lng] sfo{ cuf8L a9fOPsf] 5. hgsk'/af6 wg'iff, dxf]Q/L, ;n{fxL, l;Gw'nL, /fd]5fk / bf]nvf lhNnfsf ;jf/L rfnsx?n] cg'dlt kq lng] u5{g . tTsfnsf nflu b'O{ kfo|] ;jf/L ;fwgsf] ;jf/L rfns cg'dlt kq lbOg] k|so[ f k|f/De ePsf] k|dv ' vgfnn] hgfP .

&

b PS;Sn'l;e 8fo/L @$ r} q g] s kf-dfcf] j fbL cWoIf df] x g j} B n] / à

;+ljwfg;efdf /x]sf] PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL klg xftv'§flalxgtfsf] cj:yfdf /x]sf] atfPsf 5Gf . à pBf]udGqL s0f{axfb'/ yfkfn] nfdf] ;dob]lv pBf]u ;~rfng gu/L hUufdfq cf]ul6/xg] pBf]unfO{ ;/sf/n] 5'6 lbg g;Sg] atfPsf 5Gf .

@% r} q à ;Qf?9 g]kfnL sf+u;]| / g]skf Pdfn]sf g]tfx?n]

;+ l jwfg;efsf] clwsf/nfO{ s' l 07t kfg{ ] eGb} pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;ldlt u7g ug{' cfjZos g/x]sf] ts{ u/]sf 5Gf . à ;+:s[lt, ko{6g tyf gful/s poogdGqL eLdk|;fb cfrfo{n] g]kfnn] kfFr jif{leq @@ ljdfg lsGg] of]hgf agfPsf] atfPsf 5Gf .

@^ r} q à :jf:Yof]krf/sf nflu ef/tsf] gofF lbNnLdf /x]sf

Pdfn] :yfoL sld6L ;b:o s]kL zdf{ cf]nLnfO{ lrlsT;sx?n] slDtdf ^ dlxgf cf/fd ug{ ;Nnfx lbPsf 5Gf . à ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqL nfnjfj' kl08tn] sd{rf/Ln] !) b]lv % ah];Dd sfo{fno aflx/sf] sfd u/] sf/afxL x'g] atfPsf 5Gf .

@& r} q à Ps g]6\j{lsË lu/f]xn] ef/tdf cfs{ifs /f]huf/L

lbg] eg]/ n}hfg nfu]sf &* hgfnfO{ ;+v'jf;ef k|x/Ln] laxLaf/ vfFbjf/Ldf lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] 5 . à pkk|wfg PjDf u[xdGqL jfdb]j uf}tdn] nfdf] ;dob]lv /f]lsFb} cfPsf] g]kfn k|x/Lleqsf] a9'jf k| l qmofnfO{ lgodfjnL l56f] ;+ z f] w g u/] / sfof{Gjogdf n}hfg] jtfPsf 5Gf .

@* r} q à sl/j !& xhf/nfO{ /f] h hf/L lbPsf] uf] N 5f

cu{gfOh]gzgsf sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs z]v/ uf]N5fn] d'ns ' df nufgL cfslif{t ug{ >d P]gdf nrstf ckgfpg'kg{] atfPsf 5Gf . à ;'vt]{ sf] klZrd If]qsf 8fF8fx?df k|z:t dfqfdf kfOg] ax'dN" o h8La'6L ;+/If0fsf] cefjdf uf}r/gdf kl/0ft x'g yfn]sf 5Gf .

ul0ftLo kx]nL Pp6f ?vdf ePsf kftx? x/]s ljxfg bf]Aa/ x'g] ub{5 t/ a'waf/ / ljlxaf/ ;f+em To;dWo] Ps rf}yfO{ -!÷$_ efu emg]{ ub{5 . cfOtaf/ ;f+em To; ?vdf Pp6f kft lyof] eg] z'qmaf/ ;f+em To; ?vdf sltj6f kft x'g]5g\ <

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;'g t:s/ an/fd u'Ktf kqmfp ljdfg:yndf a/fdb ePsf] lyof] . To;}u/L ljut s]xL jif{ cl3 pgsf] 3/af6 klg k|x/Ln] % lsnf]u|fd ;'g a/fdb u/]sf] lyof] . u'Ktf ;fd;'ª / PnhLsf] hgsk'/l:yt cflwsfl/s ljqm]tf x'g .u'Ktfdfly ef/tLo gSsnL gf]6sf] sf/f]af/ ub{} cfO/x]sf] klg

b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============

k|f=] lbks emf

ub{} cfPsf] atfOG5 . o;cl3 klg pgL ;'g t:s/Lsf] cf/f]kdf kqmfp kl/;s]sf 5Gf\ . pgn] rLgaf6 NofPsf] ;'g g]kfn x'Fb} ef/t t:s/L ub{} cfPsf] atfOG5 . To;}u/L ef/taf6 NofPsf] ;'g g]kfnsf] af6f] x'Fb} rLg;Dd t:s/L ub{} cfPsf] atfOG5 . a'waf/ a/fdb ul/Psf] ;'g rLgsf] ltAat gfsfaf6 /fhwfgL x'Fb} hgsk'/ NofPsf] k|f/lDes cg';Gwfgaf6 v'n]sf] k|x/L pkl/Ifs ;'j]bLn] yk] . a/fdb ul/Psf] ;'g ef/t t:s/L ug{] tof/L lyof] . s/f]8f} d'No a/fa/sf] pQm ;'grfFbL / gub k;nsf] sfp06/af6 a/fdb ul/Psf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . a/fdb ul/Psf] ^ lsnf] ;'gsf] d'No b'O{ s/f]8 &% nfv /

tLg ;o () lsnf] rfFbLsf] d'No b'O{ s/f]8 %) nfv ?k}ofF /x]sf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . o; cl3 klg u'Ktfn] sf7df08f} k7fpg nfu] s f] b' O { lsnf] u | f d ;' g hgsk' /

xflb{s z'esfdgf gofF jif{ @)&! sf] ;'vb pknIodf lhNnfjf;L, gu/jf;L tyf b]zjf;L Pjd tdfd kf7s ju{df xflb{s d+undo z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ . cfpFbf] of] jif{ ;Dk'0f{ JolQmsf nflu z'vb /xf];,\ d+un xf];\ , ;d[l4 cfcf]; eGg] sfdgf dftf hfgsL;Fu ub{5' .

df]= (*$$!&!#!@ (*)$*)#@@*

ç lbk 6] G 6 oxfF 6]G6 ;DalGw ;Dk'0f{ sfo{ ug's { f]

/fh' rf}w/L

;fy} Sof6l/Ësf] klg ;'ljwf 5 .

k|sfzs b PS;Sn'l;e tyf ;d:t kl/jf/

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kKk' cfo/0f :6f];{

e|d/k'/f rf}s, hgsk'/wfd,

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ü gfd M gful/s M hGdM d[To" M ljz]iftfM kTgL M

ljZj k|l;4JolQmTj df]hf6{ -k|l;4 ;+lutsf/_ cfl:6«of ;g\ !&%^ ;g\ !&(! lzz'jfbssf ?kdf o'/f]kel/ rlr{t Pgf

df]hf6{sf] hGd cfl:6«ofsf] ;fNhju{df ePsf] lyof] . pgsf] kl/ jf/ ;+uLtlk|o / ;+uLt1 lyof] . To;}n] logL klg ^ jif{sf] pd]/ d} uLt /rlotf / !# jif{sf] pd]/df ;f+uLlt1 ag] . x'gt ;fg} pd]/ df Voflt k|fKt ug]{ df]hf6{ dfq klxnf JolSt xf]Og{ g\ . ldn]; % jif{df k]G6/ ag]sf lyP . a];n] ^ jif{df lyP . d]sfn] * jif{sf] pd]/df Oltxf; jStf ePsf lyP . 6]lg;g klg ( jif{df slj eO;s]sf lyP . j]sg !) jif{df /fhgLlt1 ePsf lyP . oL crDdsf lzz'jfbs df]hf6{n] o'/f]knfO{ g} rdTs[t kf/]sf lyP . o:tf rfdTsfl/s JolStTj klg ;w}e + l/ cfly{s cefjdf lklN;/ x] / cfkm\gf] :jf:Yodf klg /fd|f;] Fu Wofg lbg ;s]gg\ To;}n] #% jif{s} slnnf] pd]/df pgL o; ;+;f/af6 labf eP . elgG5 pgn] ^)) eGbf a9L ;+uLt ;[hgf u/]sf lyP .

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8

Go" h LNof08sf] cGt/f{ l i6« o Ps dfq k| l jlwaf6 pTkflbt kmnfd] 58 . NofkLË ug{ gkg]{ skn/sf] ;xfotfsf] s'g} 7fpFdf sf6]/ hf]8g ldNg] . cGt/fli6«o 808Lx?df Ps gDa/sf] e'sDk k|lt/f]wfTds Ifdtf ePsf] . g]kfndf Ps dfq k|fOd ljn]6 k|of]u u/L pTkfbg ul/Psf] kmnfd] 808L . Psdfq jftfj/0fLo ;xof]uL kmnfd] 808L ;fy} 808L v]/ ghfg] . g]kfnsf] Ps dfq kmnfd] 808L h;nfO{ ljleGg k|of]udf Nofpg ;Sg] h:t} M kmfp08]zg jf]N6 6fO{ / 8 cflb OToflbdf k|of]u x'g] . g]kfndf pTkflbt cGo kmnfd] 808L h:t} ;lhnf];uF k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] cGo pkof]lutfdf klg k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] t/ cf? kmnfd] 808Lx? o;sf] h:tf] cGo pkof]lutfdf k|of]u ug{ g;lsg] . g]kfnsf] Ps dfq ljb]zdf klg lgof{t x'g] kmnfd] 808L . ;fpy Plzofsf] Ps dfq l/8 k|ljlwsf] kmnfd] 808L .

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8

8 8 8 8 8

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ljBfklt rf}s, hgsk'/wfd–$, wg'iff

u'0f:t/Lo / ;jf{lws laqmL x'g] sf7df08' :6Ln

a/fdb ul/Psf] ;fdfg . cf/f]k nfUg] u/]sf] 5 . o;sf ;fy} u'Ktfn] a§f lnP/ b}lgs nfvf} ?k}ofF ;f6\g] u/]sf] / cj}w tl/sfn] x'G8Lsf] sf/f]af/ ug]{ u/]sf] klg cf/f]k nfUg] u/]sf] 5 .

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s'Voft ;'g t:s/ an/fd u'KtfnfO{ ;'grfFbL / gub;lxt k|x/Ln] @^ r}qdf kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . dxfgu/Lo cg';Gwfg dxfzfvf sf7df08f} / lhNnf k|x/L sfo{fno wg'iffaf6 vl6Psf] ;+ o ' Q m 6f] n Ln] hgsk' / -@ lzjrf]sl:yt an/fd k|;fb P08 a|b;{af6 u'Ktf;lxt ef/L kl/df0fdf ;'grfFbL / gub a/fdb u/]sf] xf] . ljz]if ;'/fsLsf] cfwf/df vl6 uPsf] ;+o'Qm 6f]nLn] u'Ktfsf] k;ndf 5fkfdf/L u/]/ pQm k;naf6 ^ lsnf] ;'g, # ;o () lsnf] rfFbL, #) nfv b/sf OGe]i6d]06 a}+ssf b'O{ yfg r]s / &# nfv #) xhf/ % ;o ?k}ofF gub a/fdb u/]sf] lyof] . lhNnf k| x /L sfof{ n o wg' i ffn] a'waf/ kqsf/ ;Dd]ngsf] cfof]hgf u/L a/fdb u/]sf] ;'grfFbL / gub ;fj{hlgs u/]sf lyP . /fhZj 5nL cj}w tl/sfn] s/f] 8 f} + s f] sf/f] a f/ ub{ } cfPsf t:s/ u'Ktfdfly /fhZj P]g cGtu{t sf/afxL k|lqmof cl3 j9fOPsf] wg'iff k|x/L k|d'v pQd /fh ;'j]bLn] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf atfPsf lyP . ;'grfFbL / ef/tLo gSsnL gf]6sf] sf/f]af/ ub{} cfPsf t:s/ u'Ktf s]xL jif{d} hgsk'/df c/af} ?k}ofF sdfPsf 5Gf\ . cj}w tl/sfn] cfh{g u/]sf] ;DklQ pgn] oxfF l:yt hfgsL d]l8sn sn]h, l;6L c:ktfndf nufgL u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . u'Ktf hgsk'/df nfdf] ;dob]lv ;'gsf] t:s/

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