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x'g t s]xL ;fj{hlgs ck/fwsf] d'2f lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{non] g} lg0f{o ub{5 . t/, k|ltjfbL olb jfns eof] eg] pSt d'2f lhNnf cbfntn] lg?k0f ub{5 . ^ c;f]h @)^( df hgsk'/sf] dxflj/ rf}s l:yt af6f]df lxl8/x]sL Ps dlxnfnfO{ cl:nn zJb k|of]u u/L j]HhtL u/]sf] cleof]udf hgsk'/ !@ sf xl/gf/fo0f dxQf] -sfNklgs gfd_ sf lj?4 s]xL ;fj{hlgs ck/fwsf] d' 2 f cGt/ut wg' i ff lhNnf cbfntdf bfo/ ul/of] . #) r}q @)^( df wg'iff lhNnf cbfntsf Gofoflwz dx]z k|;fb k'8f;}gLsf] Ohnf;af6 afn dgf]lj1 lrlsT;s >Ldfnf s'df/L / ;dfh;]jL b]jgf/fo0f dxQf]sf] pkl:yltdf k|ltjfbLsf] pd]/ jif{

!%sf] /x]sf] / bfjL cg';f/sf] cleof]u s;'/ 7x/ gePsfn] ;kmfO{ lbOPsf] lyof] . pSt lg0f{odf lrQ ga'em]kl5 k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf d'2f ubf{ @ r}q @)&) df hgsk'/ k'g/fj]bg cbfntn] ;d]t wg'iff lhNnf cbfntsf] cfb]znfO{ ;b/ ub}{ ;kmfO{ lbof] . k|ltjfbL gfafns /x]sf] / lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf afn Ohnf; gePsf sf/0f pSt d'2f wg'iff lhNnf cbfntn] lg?k0f u/]sf] lyof] . ca k|Zg p7\5 ls afn Ohnf; gePsf sf/0f d'2f cbfntdf k7fOof] t/ lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf 5'66\ } Ohnf; sIf gePsf] cj:yfdf cGo d'2fx?sf] km};nf k|lhcn] ug'{ sltsf] ;fGb{lestf xf] <

gAa]_ hl/jfgf x'g] 7x5{ . a/fdlbt sf7 lgodfg';f/ ljqmL u/L jfkt k|fKt /sd /fh:jdf ;b/ :ofxf ug] { ;fy} lgh k|ltjfbLx?n] ldlt @)&)÷!÷@) b]lv g} tf/]v 6'6fO{ a;]sfn] lghx?n] /fv]sf ;Dk'0f{ w/f}6L hkmt ug]{ . of] km};nf pk/ lrQ ga'em] k'g/fj]bgsf] Dofb leq k'g/fj]bg ug{ hfg' elg hgfp lbO{ lg:;f lel;ndf ;dfj]z ug}{ . cGosf xsdf k|rlnt sfg'g adf]lhd x'g] ul/ c-j-!*^ g+= adf]lhd of] km};nf ul/lbP . o;/L lhNnf ag sfof{no wg'iffsf ag clws[t xl/gf/fo0f d08nn] !* ebf}{ @)&) df km};nf u/]sf 5g\ . @)&) ;fnsf] a}zfv !) ut] b]lv !* ebf} ;Dd d08nn] #$ yfg d' 2 fsf] km} ; nf ub} { ljleGg k|ltjfbLx?nfO{ s;'/jf/ 7x/ ub}{ hl/jfgf u/]sf 5g\ . k|foM h;f] s]zdf pgn] hl/jfgf u/]/ l/xf u/]klg b'O{ hgfnfO{ hl/jfgf / s}b ;hfo klg u/]sf 5g\ . /fli6"o jg If]qsf] hUuf vghf]t u/L cjfb u/]sf] x'gfn] k|ltjfbL åo jf]vn9'ªu\ f dfg]eGhofª % a:g] eSt axfb'/ ;'gj' f/ / g/jxfb'/ ;'gj' f/n] jg P]g @)$( sf] bkmf $( -s_ cg';f/sf] ck/fw s;'/ u/]sf] 7x/ ub}{ k|ltjfbLx?n] vghf]t u/]sf] hUuf xfn jg If]qdf kl/0ft eO{;s]sf] @ ciff9sf] k|ltj]bgsf] cg';f/ eSt axfb'/ ;'gj' f/nfO{ ?= !) xhf/ hl/jfgf / b'O{ dlxgf @% lbg s}b, g/axfb'/ ;'g'jf/nfO{ ?=!) xhf/ hl/jfgf / ! dlxgf @$ lbg s}b

?v sf6L 6fo/uf8fdf nf]8 u/L nlu/x]sf] eGb} ?=# xhf/ # ;o *), e/tk'/ ! sf Psafn ldofnfO{ ?= # xhf/ % ;o (& hl/jfgf u/] . To;}u/L ag clws[t d08nn] @* h]i7 @)&) df wg'iff nj6f]nL # sf cd/gfy l;+x, sfd]Zj/ l;+x / e/tk'/ ^ sf dxflj/ dfemLnfO{ hgxL ?= ! xhf/ # ;o $, ;tf]if/ % j:g] ;'/z ] s'df/ /fpt cdftnfO{ ?= @ xhf/ % ;o ^%, 9Ns]j/ # j:g] l/tk|;fb bfxfn, o1e'ld ! a:g] pk]Gb| d08n, >Lgf/fo0f dxQf]nfO{ hgxL ?=! xhf/ @ ;o (* hl/jfgf / af]emafxs 6"ofS6/sf] xsdf yk !) xhf/ hl/jfgf u/]sf 5g\ . ;f]xL lbg k'ikjnk'/ % sf pk]Gb| dxQf], lblnk dxQf] / gS6flemh * sf ef]nf emfnfO{ hgxL ?= & ;o && hl/jfgf u/]sf 5g\ . jg k}bfj/ rf]/L lgsf;L d'2f cGt/ut ?=% xhf/ ljuf];Dd ePsf] jg k}bfjf/ rf]/L lgsf;L d'2f lhNnf jg sfof{nosf] clwsf/ If]q leq kb{5 . ?= % xhf/ eGbf j9L ljuf] ePs]f jg k}bfjf/ rf]/L lgsf;L d'2fsf] lg?k0f lhNnf cbfntn] ug]{ u5{ . o;/L jg h+un ;+/If0f nufot jg ck/fwdf kqmfp eO{ bfo/ ePsf d'2fsf] jf clGtd lsgf/f nufpg] sfd ;d]t lhNnf jg sfof{non] ug]{ u5{ . jg sfof{nodf hfg] d'2fdf jg sfof{nosf /]Gh :t/ ;Ddsf sd{rf/Lx?n] cg';Gwfg ug],{ k|df0f h'6fpg] sfd ub{5g\ eg] k|dv ' jg clws[tn] km};nf ug]{ ub{5g\ . jg sfof{no d'2f kmfF6sf sd{rf/L t}oj /fO{gsf cg';f/ xfn;Ddsf] cEof;df s'g} klg k|ltjfbLn] sfg'g Joj;foLnfO{ /fv]sf] 5}g . x'g t jg sfof{nosf] cfkm\gf] y'gj' f sIf klg 5}g . lx/f;tdf /fVg' kbf{ jg sfof{non] lhNNff k|x/L sfof{no wg'iffsf] y'gj' f sIfnfO{ pkof]u ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . Ohnf; sIf klg 5}g . jg clws[tsf] sfo{sIfnfO{ g} Ohnf; sIfsf] ?kdf k|of]u ug]{ ul/Psf] 5 . lg0f{o klg /flhi6/df g} ug]{ ul/Psf] 5 . sfg'g g} ghfGf]sf JolQm klg Gofoflwz e'ld ;'wf/ sfof{no hgsk'/sf sfof{no k|dv ' lu/L /fh 1jfnLn] cfly{s jif{ @)&) sf] ;fpg b]lv kmfu'g ;Dd sl/a * ;o $% d'2f dWo] # ;o $# d'2fsf] km};nf u/]sf 5g\ . h; dWo] %) k|ltzt s'y lbnfO{ df]xL lgZsfifg u/L kfpmF, / $) k|ltzt df]xL gfd;f/L d'2f km};nf u/]sf 5g\ . df]xL sfod, df]xL nut s6\6f, km};nf jb/, df]xL t]/f]d/] f] / xbaGbL ljifosf d'2fsf] ;d]t km};nf ug]{ clwsf/ 1jfnLnfO{ 5 . e'ld;'wf/ sfof{nodf jfbLn] cfkm\gf] k|df0f /fv]/ bfjL ub{5g eg] k|ltjfbLn] jfbL lj?4 jf cfkm\gf] ;dy{gdf k|df0f k]z u5{g . tL k|df0fnfO{ dfnkf]t sfof{no, gfkL sfof{no / e'ld;'wf/ sfof{nodf ePsf k'/fgf n]vt tyf df]6 le8\fOG5, 7Ls xf] ls xf]Og eGg] hfFr ub{5, :yflgo lgsfosf] l;kmfl/; vf]hL u/L :ynut ;x/ hldg d'r'Nsf p7fO{ e'ld;'wf/ sfof{nosf e'ld;'wf/ clwsf/Ln] km};nf lbg] u5{g . sfg'g ;DalGw s]xL klg hfgsf/L g/x]sf] 1jfnLn] ug]{ km};nf q'6Lk'0f{ x'g' :jefljs

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v]tL l;dfgf, pQ/ k'j{ 3f]lift cfl6{n/L kmfOl/ª /]Ghsf] blIf0f klZrd l;dfgf / blIf0f k|:tfljt cfl6{n/L tflnd lzIffnosf] pQ/ l;dfgf rf/ lsnfleqsf] ^ ;o lj3f h+un ;a} g]kfn ;/sf/n] 3f]if0ff u/] cg';f/ g]kfn /fhkqsf] efu $ ldlt !( ebf}sf] ;'rgfdf k|sflzt ul/Psf] lyof] . pSt lg0f{o cg';f/ g]kfnL ;]gfn] b]zs} ;a}eGbf 7'nf] tflndsf

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pk;ldltdf Ifnkmn eO{ tof/ eO{ clGtd ;dodf k'us ] f] a]nf tTsflng /fhf 1fg]Gb| åf/f ;/sf/ lj36g u/L ;Dk'0f{ ;Qf cfkm\gf] xftdf lnPkl5 /fhifL{ hgs ljZj ljBfno :yfkgf sfo{ cj?4 ePsf] lyof] . @)^@÷)^# sf] cfGbf] n g ;kmn ePkl5, ;+ljwfg;efs]f lgjf{rg ;DkGg ePkl5 ljZj ljBfno cg'bfg cfof]u åf/f k|fWofks c?0f s'df/ bf;sf] cWoIftfdf s[i0f k|;fb kf}8n ] , k'ik sdn ;'jb] L / s]bf/ k|;fb cfrfo{ ;lDdlnt rf/ ;b:oLo sfo{bn k'gMu7g ePsf] lyof] . pSt sfo{bnn] k|ltj]bg k]z u/]kl5 @)^& ;fndf k'gM /fhifL{ hgs ljZj ljBfno :yfkgfsf] nflu lj3]os Joj:yflksf ;+;bdf k]z ePsf] lyof] . ;Dk'0f{ k|s[of / r/0f kf/ u/L clGtd :jLs[ltsf] nflu lg0f{ofy{ dtbfgsf] nflu ;+;bsf] j}7sdf k|:t't x'bF f b'ef{Uojz sf]/d gk'uL j}7s :ylut ePsf] lyof] . pSt j}7sdf ljdn]Gb| lglw klg cg'kl:yt ePsf lyP . /f/fa SofDk; hgsk'/nfO{ cfwf/ SofDk; dfgL /fhifL{ hgs ljZj ljBfnosf] :yfkgf lqe'jg ljZj ljBfno / ;+:s[t ljZj ljBfno h:t} k'0f{ ?kdf ?rfPsf] :jfldTjdf ;+rfng x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . ;fy} lqe'jg ljZj ljBfnosf l;/xf ;Kt/Ldf ;+rfngdf /x]sf cfªlus ljZj ljBfnosf] SofDk;x? klg /fhifL{ hgs ljZj ljBfno cfªlus SofDk;sf] ?kdf /xg] atfOPsf] 5 . ;8s l8lehgsf] sfof{no / :yflgo ljsf; k|lzIf0fsf] sfof{no /x]sf] d'hl] nof l:yt ;Dk'0f{ sDkfp08 / To;sf] k'j{ k6\6Lsf] u'7Lsf] hUufdf /fhifL{ hgs ljZj ljBfnosf] s]lGb|o sfof{no /xg] / l;kmfl/; ul/Ps]f cGo hUufdf :gfQs / :gftsf]Q/ nufotsf ljljw ljifodf z}lIfs tyf k|zf;lgs lgsfox? :yfkgf u/L ;+rfng ug]{ k|:tfj ul/Psf] lyof] .

cGttM Ps x'bF } tLg dw]zL bn b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============ tLg dw]zLjfbL bnaLr PsLs/0fsf nflu tof/ ePsf] d:of}bfdf x:tfIf/ eO{ kfl/t ePsf] 5 . cfOtjf/ ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] sfof{nodf a;]sf dw]zL hgclwsf/ kmf]/d g]kfnsf cWoIf pk]G› ofbj, ;b\efjgf kf6L{ /fh]G› dxtf] / t/fO{ dw]z nf]stflGqs kf6L{sf cWoIf dxGy 7fs'/n] kf6L{sf] d"n d:of}bfdf x:tfIf/ u/L To;nfO{ kf6L{sf] b:tfj]hsf] ?kdf /fv]sf 5Gf . kmf]/d g]kfnsf cWoIf pk]G› ofbjn] r}t !! ut] k]; u/]sf] k|:tfjdfly !#, !% / !^ ut]u/L tLgj6f a}7sdf uxg 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . pk]G› ofbjn] k]; u/]sf] k|:tfjdf

dw]zsf] /fhgLlts Oltxf;, cfGbf]ng / ;+3if{sf] af/]df s'g} rrf{ ul/Psf] lyPg / tLg lbg;Dd To;}df ax; eof] . tdnf]kf / ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf g]tfx?n] dw]zsf] dd{nfO{ g5f8L dw]zjfbnfO{ :yflkt ug{k' g{] wf/0ff /fVb} cfPsf lyP eg] pk]G› ofbjn] ;dfhjfbL nf]stGqsf] wf/0ff /fVb} cfPsf lyP . cGTodf uP/ tdnf]kf / ;b\efjgfn] ;dfhjfbL nf]stGq l:jsf/ u/] eg] pk]G› ofbjn] t/fO{ sfFu; ]| , ;b\efjgf kl/ifbb]lv dw]zL hgclwsf/ kmf]/d g]kfnn] u/]sf] cfGbf]ng;Ddsf] Oltxf; d:of}bfdf pNn]v ug{ ;xdlt eP . pk]G› ofbj;lxt tdnf]kfsf pkfWoIf x|boz lqkf7L / ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf ;xcWoIf nId0f nfn s0f{n] k|:tfljt d:of}bfnfO{ cWoog u/L ;+zf]wg u/]sf lyP clg

dfq tLg bnn] x:tfIf/ ul/ To;nfO{ kf6L{sf] d"n b:tfj]hsf] ?kdf :yflkt u/] . a}7sn] kf6L{sf] g]tT[ jafx]s cGo ;a} ljifodf 5nkmn u/L 6'U+ ofpg] lhDdf !% ;b:oLo sfo{bnnfO{ lbPsf] 5 . sfo{bnn] r}t !( ut] a}7s a;L To;nfO{ 6'U+ ofpg] 5 . sfo{bnsf Ps ;b:on] eg], …g]tT[ jsf] lhDd]jf/L ;a} s'/fsf] 6'uf]+ nflu ;s]sf] 5 . kf6L{sf] gfd ;b\efjgf kf6L{ nf]stflGqs kmf]/d ;dfhjfbL_ /xg]5 eg] em08f /ftf] xl/of]sf] aLrdf /x]sf ;]tf] efudf tf/f c+lst em08f /xg]5 . r'gfj lrGx tL/ 5fk /xg]5 .Ú s]lG›o ;ldlt !%) ;b:oLo /xg]5 eg] kf]ln6Ao"/f] #! ;b:oLo /xg]5 . g]tT[ jsf] af/]df tLg bnsf cWoIf cfk;df a;]/ 6'uf]+ nufpg] atfOPsf] 5 .


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rf0fSo gLlt , ,3 u'0ff] e'ifot] ?k+ zLn+ e'ifot] s'nd\ . l;l4e"i{ fot] ljBf+ ef]uf] e"ifot] wgd\ .. !% . .

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?=== ==? = ;DkfbsLo ; d'n'sn] c? b'u{lt ef]Ug gk/f]:f uNtLaf6 kf7 l;Sg ;lsof] eg] efjL lbgdf uNtL bf]xf]l/+bg} t/ o;k6s klg ljuts} uNtL bf]xf]of{pg] k|kr /lr+b} u/]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 tfklg o;nfO{ c+sz ' nufpg] tof/L klg e}/x]sfn] cfzf ug{] 7fpF sfod 5 . ljz]if u/L pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;ldltsf] u7g ug{] tLg bnLo ;xdltn] k|Zg p7fPsf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;efdf k|ltlglwTj u/]sf ;a} bnsf zLif{ g]tfnfO{ ;lDdlnt u/fP/ To:tf] ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] eP Tof] k|efjsf/L x'GYof] eGg] cfjfh p7]sf] 5 . t/, o;sf] ;Daf]wg x'g] ;Defjgf 5}g . h;/L cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efdf tLg bn / kl5 dw]zL df]rf{ ldn]/ rf/ bnLo l;l08s]6 rNof] clxn] klg To:t} gxf]nf eGg] cfwf/ 5}g . cfz+sfx? sfod} /x] klg Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg aGg] ;Defjgf JoQm x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmofsf] yfngL o;} ;ftfaf6 x'g] ;+st] ldn]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;efsf ljleGg ;ldltx? u7g ug{] k|lqmofsf] yfngL ePsfn] lgj{frg ;DkGg ePsf] rf/ dlxgf lalt;s]kl5 ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] cfz a9]sf] xf] . ;+ljwfg;efn] klxn]sf] ;xdltsf] :jfldTj u|x0f ul/;s]sf] 5 . ca ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsfo{ z"Goaf6 ;'? ug{k' b{g} . ;+ljwfg n]vgsf tdfd ljdltx?sf aLr ;xdlt vf]Hb} / ;xdlt x'g g;s] ljlw / k|lqmof cg';f/ 6'u+ f] nufpFb} hfg] o;k6s ;a}sf] wf/0ff /x]sfn] ;+ljwfg aGg] ;Defjgf k|jn 5 t/ c;Gt'i6x?nfO{ s;/L ;xdltdf NofOG5 eGg] k|Zg hLljt} 5 . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f eg]sf] s'g} /fhgLlts bnsf] 3f]if0ffkq x}g, ;+ljwfg;efn] agfpg] ;+ljwfg ;j{:jLsfo{ x'gk' g{] ljZjJofkL dfGotf xf] . c;xdlt / c;Gt'i6nfO{ s;/L ;xL dfu{df Nofpg] eGg] ljifodf cg]s ljsNkx? x'G5Gf . s'g} klg ;d:of ljsNkxLg x'bF g} , To;}n] g]tfx?n] ;'ema'emk"0f{ Jojxf/ k|bz{g ug{] xf] eg] c;Gt'li6sf :j/x? lj:tf/} w'ldn x'bF } ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] af6f] ;xh} v'Ng]5 . cfd ck]Iff s] xf] eg] o;k6s cl3Nnf]k6s ePsf] h:tf] ;xdltsf] gfddf ljdltx?sf] y'kf| ] nufpg] / ;xdlt e};s] klg nuQ} lj/f]w hgfP/ cfˆgf] kIfd} lg0f{o x'gk' g{] / cfkm"n] eg]s} dfq ;a}n] dfGg'kg{] h:tf clk|o 36gfx? gbf]xf]l/pGf . g]tfx?n] s'g} klg axfgfdf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsfo{df cfn6fn ug{' x'bF g} . o;k6s ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf qmddf g]tfx?aL ;xdlts} cfwf/df cl3 a9\g ;s'Gf . hgtfn] cz'e ;'Gg gk/f]:f, d'ns ' n] c? b'ult ef]Ug gk/f]:f .

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Hjfnfl;+x / k|r08nfO{ 5f8]/ cfkm\g} 3/df kmls{PF M kjg lu/L b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============ cfheGbf cf7 jif{cl3 Pdfn] kl/Tofu u/]/ hos[i0f uf]Ot / Hjfnf l;+x;Fu} t/fO{sf] ;z:q ;d"xsf] g]tT[ j u/]sf k|Nxfb lu/L -kjg_ bf];f| ] ;+ljwfg;ef lgj{frgsf] d'v}df Pdfcf]jfbLsf] s]G›Lo ;b:o Pj+ k|ToIftkm{sf pDd]åf/ ag]sf lyP . t/, pgL cfOtaf/ Pdfcf]jfbL kl/Tofu u/]/ cfˆg} dft[ kf6{L Pdfn]df kmls{Psf 5Gf . pd]/ / phf{ Pdfn]d} Pdfcf]jfbLdf nfUg'kj" { e"ldut ;+oQ ' m hgtfGlqs t/fO{ d'lQm df]rf{ sf cWoIf;d]t /x]sf ^@ jif{] lu/L k;{f lhNnf, cf}/fxf uflj;- % df hlGdPsf x'Gf . pgL ljutdf g]skf Pdfn]sf xf]gxf/ sfo{stf{ lyP . ljBfy{L sfnb]lv g} jfdkGyL cfGbf]ngdf nfu]sf lu/L sf]-cl8{gz ] g s]G›b]lv g} dfn], Pdfn] x'bF } )$^ ;fnkl5 Pdfn] k;{fsf] k|yd lhNnf ;lrj;Dd ag]sf lyP . lu/L )%! ;fnsf] ;+;bLo r'gfjdf Pdfn]sf tkm{af6 r'gfa n8\bf t];f| ] :yfgdf cfP . t/, pgn] )%^ ;fndf Pdfn] s f tkm{ a f6 k|ltlglw;efdf @) xhf/ ef]6 NofP . oBlk tTsfnLg lul/hf ;/sf/n] % 7fpFsf] a'y sAhf u/]/ yf]/} dtn] cfkm"nfO{ x/fPsf] pgsf] u'gf;f] 5 . lrQ b' v ] / Pdfn] kl/Tofu Pdfn]sf oL TofuL g]tfn] )^@ ;fndf dfwj g]kfn;Fu lrQ b'vfpFb} Pdfn] 5f8]sf x'Gf . cfkm" la/fdL x'bF f g]kfnn] a]jf:tf u/]sf] pgsf] u'gf;f] 5 . )^@ sf] hgcfGbf]ngdf pgL sf7df8f}d + f vl6Psf lyP . …d}n] )^@ ;fnd} Pdfn] 5f8]sf] x'F . Pdfn] 5f8]kl5 s]xL ;do cGof}n / w/d/sf] cj:yf /Xof] . To;kl5 dw]; cfGbf]ng cfof] . dw]; cfGbf] n gdf ;lqmotfk" j { s nfluof] . ToxL dw] ; cfGbf]ngsf qmddf uf]OthLl;t ;Dks{ eof], lu/Ln] o;cl3 eg]sf lyP- …Pdfn]df nfdf] hLjg latfOof], hjfgLsf] k"/f pmh{f Pdfn]d} vGofOof] . t/, Pdfn]sf g]tfx? ;a} e|i6 eP . h'g p2]Zo lnP/ Pdfn] kf6L{ u7g ePsf] lyof], Tof] p2]Zoaf6 Pdfn]sf] g]tT[ jk+lQm lj:yflkt eof] . ToxfF xFl;of xyf}8fsf] a|f08dfq} 5, Tof] sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ xf]Og . Pdfn] kxfl8of afx'gx?sf] kf6{L eof], ToxfF c?n] l5g{} kfpFbg} . pgLx?sf] cfˆg} kf6L{ ;dfj];L 5}g, s;/L ;dfj]zL nf]stGq agfpF5Gf <Ú Pdfn]kl| t o:tf] uDeL/ cf/f]k nufpg] lu/Ln] klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efkl5 tTsfnLg zflGtdGqL kDkmf e';fn, hgfb{g zd{f / ;To kxf8L nufopt;Fu w]/} r/0fsf jft{f u/] . cGttM bf];f| ] ;+ljwfg;ef r'gfjdf k|r08sf xftaf6 6Lsf] nufP/ Pdfcf] j fbLdf k| j ] z u/] . Pdfcf]jfbLn] pgnfO{ tTsfn} s]G›Lo ;b:o agfof] / k;f{ $ df l6s6 lbof] . Pdfcf] j fbLn] c5' t sf] Jojxf/ u{ o f] ;z:q ;d"x 5f8]/ r'gfjcl3 Pdfcf]jfbLdf k|jz ] u/]sf lu/LnfO{ Pdfcf]jfbLn] k;f{ If]q g+ $ df k|ToIftkm{sf]

pDd]åf/ agfPsf] lyof] . t/, r'gfjnuQ} Pdfcf]jfbL 5f8\ g ] lg0f{ o df k' U g' s f] sf/0f atfpF b } lu/Ln] cgnfOgva/;Fu eg]-…Pdfcf]jfbL gofF lehg lnP/ cfPsf] kf6L{ xf], clxn] klg pm;Fu gofF lehg t 5, t/ lehgn] dfq} x'bF g} , Pdfcf]jfbLdf c?nfO{ ;Ddfg gug{] / c5'th:tf] Jojxf/ ug{] k|jl[ Q /x]sfn] xfdLnfO{ ToxfF a:g c;lhnf] eof] .Ú lu/Ln] cfkm"nfO{ r'gfjdf Pdfcf]jfbLs} sfo{st{fn] ef]6 glbPsf] u'gf;f] u/] . '(( k|ltzt Pdfcf]jfbL sfo{st{fn] sf+u; ]| sf] k};f vfP/ dnfO{ ef]6} lbPgGf, k;{fsf

;a} If]qdf Pdfcf]jfbLx? k};fdf las] pgn] eg], …Pdfcf]jfbLdf ljlw, k|lqmof / k2lt g} /x]g5, xfdL dfn] Pdfn]df x'Fbf cg'zf;gdf a;]sf] dfG5], ToxL eP/ Pdfcf]jfbLdf c6fpg ;lsPg .Ú Pdfn] cem} ;dfj]zL kf6L{ geO;s]sf] ePtf klg cfkm}n] agfPsf] k'/fgf] 3/ ePsfn] ToxfF kms{lPsf] pgn] atfP . d ' n } ] dfwj g]kfn;Fu klg ;fdfGo s'/f u/]+ . d s'g} zt{ /fv]/ cfPsf] xf]Og, k'/fgf] 3/sf] dfofn] kmls{Psf] x',F lu/Ln] eg], …sf+u; ]| df, sdn yfkfdf hfg] s'/f ePg, ;fk]lIft ?kn] cg'zflzt kf6L{ Pdfn] g} xf] . k"0f{?kdf 7Ls geP klg oxLF a;]/ o;nfO{ ;'wfg{] k|of; u5{' .Ú Pdfn] / Pdfcf]jfbL M zAbhfn dfq} km/s ca Pdfn] / Pdfcf]jfbLsf] sfo{lbzfdf s'g} km/s gePsf] lu/Ln] atfP . P' dfn] / Pdfcf]jfbLdf s'g} km/s 5}g, s]an zAbhfndf dfq} leGgtf 5, To;}n] ckdflgt eP/ lsg Pdfcf]jfbLdf a:g] < a? cfkm}n + ] agfPsf] 3/df a:g' hflt . lu/Ln eg] .

yk !) lglh ljBfno sf/jfxLdf b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============ wg'iffdf cjl:yt yk !) j6f lglh ljBfno sf/jfxLdf k/]sf] 5 . 58s] cg'udg tyf lgl/If0fsf qmddf ljBfnosf] k"jf{ wf/ tof/ gePsf] tyf cg'dlt eGbf a9L sIff ;+rfng u/]sf] kfOPsfn] sf/jfxL k|lqmof cufl8 a9fPsf] cg'dugdf ;xefuL Kofj;gsf wg'iff lhNnf pkfWoIf ljZjnfn l;+xn] hgfP . lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L pk]G› d08nsf] g]tT[ jdf ul/Psf] cg'udgsf] qmddf wg'iffsf] dx]G›gu/df ;+rflnt df]gl{ ª Unf]/L af]l8{ª :s'nn] % sIff;Ddsf] cg'dlt lnP klg * sIff;Dd k7g kf7g u/]sf],a6]Zj/ ahf/df ;+rflnt d'gnfO6 af]l8{ª :s'nn] ljgf bt{f g;{/Lb]lv !) sIff;Dd ;+rfng u/]sf], 1fg;fu/ af]8l{ ª :s'nn] ljgf bt{f g;{/Lb]lv !) sIff;Dd ;+rfng u/]sf], dxflj/ ;]s0] 8L af]8l{ ª :s'nn] !) sIff;Dd ljgf bt{f ;+rfng u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . o:t} 9Ns]j/df ;+rflnt hgs OG6/g]zgn af]l8{ª :s'nn] ljgf bt{f g;{/Lb]lv ^ sIff;Dd, Go' b'uf{ g]zgn P]s8] d ] L af]8l{ ª :s'nn] ljgf bt{f g;{/Lb]lv % sIff;Dd, qm]l6e af]l8{ª :s'n o1e'ldn] g;{/Lb]lv %sIff;Dd, eL P; lgs]tg af]8l{ ª :s'n lj/]G›ahf/n] g;{/Lb]lv !) sIff;Dd, l;len af]8l{ ª :s'nn] g;{/Lb]lv % ;Dd ljgf bt{f sIff ;+rfng u/]sf] cg'udg 6f]nL 7x/ u/]sf] 5 . cg'udgsf] qmddf wg'iffsf] lj/]G›ahf/df ;+rflnt

eL=P;=lgs]tgn] Jofks e|i6frf/Lsf] ;fy} ljBfyL{sf] hLjg;+u v]naf8 u/]sfn] & lbgleq ;Dk"0f{ sfuhft;lxt lhNnf lzIff sfo{fno wg'iffdf cfpg lgb{z ] g lbPsf] 6f]nLdf ;xefuL wg'iffsf Kofj;g cWoIf g/]G› s'df/ zd{fn] hgfP . cg'udg 6f]nLdf Kofj;gsf pkfWoIf ljZjnfn l;+x, k|fOe]6 l6r/ P;f]lzPzg wg'iff cWoIf a|hlszf]/ ofbj;lxtsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . otf lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L d08nn] k"jf{ wf/ tof/ gePsf] / cg'dlt eGbf a9L sIff ;+rfng u/]sf] ljBfnox?nfO{ bt{f /2 ul/g] ;Ddsf] sf/jfxL k|lqmof cufl8 a9fpg] atfP . lzIff lgodfjnL @)%( sf] kl/lwleq /xL sfo{fGjog ug{ tyf u/fpg h'g tx;Ddsf] cg'dlt k|fKt u/]sf] 5 ;f]xL tx;Dd sIffx? ;+rfng ug{ af/Djf/ ;"rgf k|sflzt u/L hfgsf/L u/fp+bf ;d]t c6]/ u/]sfn] lgl/If0f tyf cjnf]sg u/L sf/jfxL k|lqmofnfO{ cufl8 a9fPsf] lzIff clwsf/L d08nn] atfP . wg'iff lhNnfdf ljgf bt{f lghL ljBfnox? ;+rfngdf cfPsf] hgu'gf;f] a9b} hf+bf To:tf ljBfnox?df lhNnf lzIff clwsf/Lsf] g]tT[ jdf Kofjg / PgKofjg wg'iffsf] ;+oQ ' m 6f]nLn] cg'udgnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf] 5 . o; cl3 a'wjf/ ul/Psf] cg'udgsf qmddf ^ j6f ljBfno k"jf{ wf/ tof/ gePsf] / cg'dlt eGbf a9L sIff ;+rfng u/]sf] kfOPsf] lyof] .


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ljZj:t 5' . ;~rf/ dfWod / hgtfaf6 ;d] t lg/Gt/ ;dy{ g k| f Kt ul//xg] ljZjf;df 5' . tkfO{sf] cfˆg} bn g]skf Pdfn]af6 klg o:tf] gaf]n] x'GYof] eGg] u'gf;f] cfPg < o:tf] unt u'gf;f]sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g . of] p2] Z odf h' g tuf/f] cfpF 5 , tL ;a} tfgfafgfx? elTsP/ hfg]5Gf . 89]/, v/fgL ag]/ hfg]5Gf / ljnfP/ xfjfdf cl:yTjljxLg x'g5 ] Gf . Pdfn] s } s] x L ;ef;b;F u klg ljb] z L gful/stf 5 eGg] rrf{ 5 lg < -d ;a} g]kfnLsf] 5fgljg x'gk' 5{ eGg] kIfdf 5' . 5fgljgsf] qmddf bf]ifL b]lvG5Gf eg] hf] sf]xL klg bl08t x'gk' 5{ . kmnfgfnfO{ b08 lbg], kmnfgfnfO{ glbg] eGg] k|Zg} x'bF g} . eg] k l5 nfnafa' kl08t s8f dfG5] xf], af]n]sf] s'f/df pm kl5 x6\b}g x}g t < -cl3 d Pp6f sfo{qmddf lyPF . s]xL kqsf/x?n] klg ;f]Wb} x'gx' G' Yof] . af/sf k"j{cWoIfn] ;f]Wb} x'g'x'GYof] . gLnfDa/ cfrfo{n] klg eGb} x'gx' G' Yof] . tkfO{ cfˆgf] c8fgsf6 kmls{gx' G' 5 ls x'Gg eGb} x'gx' G' Yof] . d}n] pxfFx?nfO{ eg]+ ls d]/f] ljrf/nfO{ cs{f] ljrf/n] ts{n] lhTg ;Sg'ko{ f], xf]Og eg] d}n] km{sg' eg]sf] cfTdxTof ug{' xf], Tof] daf6 x'bF g} . d}n] cfTdxTof ug{sf lglDt of] ljrf/ /fv]s} xf]Og . d}n] lhTgsf nflu /fv]sf] ljrf/ xf] . g]kfnsf] :jfledfg a9fpgsf lglDt /fv]sf] ljrf/ xf] . g]kfnsf] uf}/a a9fpgsf lglDt /fv]sf] ljrf/ xf] . g]kfnsf] k|zf;gnfO{ ;'b[9 ug{sf lglDt /fv]sf] k|:tfj xf] . d]/f] of] k|:tfjn] g]kfnsf] uf}/a a9\5 . g]kfnsf] dfg / zfg ;+;f/el/ a9\5 . /, To;kZrft k|zf;gsf] klg zL/ pRr x'G5 . pRr dgf]jnsf ;fy hgtfk|lt pQ/bfoL / ;Ifd k|zf;g x'G5 . ;kgf klg g]kfn b]Vg] / ljkgf klg g]kfn b]Vg] k|zf;g d agfpF5' eGg] d]/f] b[9 ;+sNk 5 . ljb]zdf a;]/ cfˆgf] dft[e"ldnfO{ ufnL ug{] clg ljb]z ghfg] g]kfnLnfO{ bf];|f] bhf{ s f] 7fGg] …x] h f] d f] g LÚ af6 b] z n] d'lQm kfpnf t < -oL ;a ;dfKt eP/ hfG5G . o:tf] dx;'; u/]/} d}n] of] cleofg ;'? u/]sf] x'F . of] cleofgdf ;kmntf k|fKt x'G5 . t/, g] k fnLx? t le;f gkfP/ dfq} g]kfndf a;]sf x'Gf eGg] ;'lgG5 lg < d t le;f kfOPg jf 8LeL k/]g eg]/ cgzg a:g]x?nfO{, ljb]zdf nlUbPg eGg] g]kfnLnfO{ g]kfnL g} 7flGbFg . tL cgzgsf/LnfO{ t d}n] klxn] g} eg]sf] gf/fo0fL gbLdf nu]/ aufOlbP klg x'G5 . ltgLx? g]kfnL xf]Og . ltgLx? Oltxf;df g]kfnL lyP, sfddf g]kfnL xf]OgGf . 8LeLsf nflu cg;g a:g]x? g]kfnL xf]OgG . ltgLx? g]kfnL xf]OgGf eg] ltgsf lglDt g]kfnn] lsg n8\gk' o{ f] < logLx? g]kfnnfO{ 5f8\g nfu]sf x'Gf . oLgLx?n] cfkm"nfO{ ljb]zL eGg ?rfPsf x'Gf, g]kfn eGg ?rfpg] xf]OgGf . To;sf/0f ltgLx?sf lglDt g]kfn ;/sf/n] dl/xQ] ug{ s'g} h?/L 5}g . o;f] eGbf ljb] z df /x] s f g] k fnLx? tkfO{ ; F u l/;fpF b } g Gf < sf] l/;fpF5Gf, sf] v';fpF5Gf, g]kfn agfpg] ;Gbe{df d}n] s'/f u/]sf] x'F d}n] JolQm agfpg vf]hs ] f] xf]Og, g]kfn agfpg vf]hs ] f] x'F . sf] l/;fpF5G, sf] v';fpF5Gf, dnfO{ Tof] s'/f;Fu dtna 5}g . d :jfledfg g]kfn b]Vg rfxG5' . :jfledfgL g]kfnL b]Vg rfxG5' . ;kgf klg g]kfn / ljkgf klg g]kfn b]Vg]x?k|lt d uj{ u5{' . ljb]zLn] g]kfn agfOlbFbg} Gf . g]kfnLn] g} g]kfn agfpg'k5{ . g]kfnLn] g} g]kfn agfpg] ;kgf b]Vg'k5{ . ;f} h GoM cgnfO{ g va/ 86 sd


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/fHo zf;g Joj:yfsf] hg kl/sNkgf s' g } /fhg} l ts bnsf] JolQm gxf] ; . /fhg}ltsaf6 cnu 5jLsf] JolQm xf]; h'g lzIff Gofo, /fhg}lts ljifo jf cGo ljz]if of]Uotf, VoftL, cg'ej k|fKt k|ltli7t JolQmxf];, h;n] /fHo ;/sf/sf] lgtL sfo{Gjog ug{df ;/sf/nfO{ k'/f ;xof]u u/f]; / hgtfn] o:tf] b]Vgdf nfuf];, c:yfjfg xf]; ls /fHokfn /fhlgtLeGbf dflysf] JolQm xf] . hg lgjf{lrt /fi6"ktL4f/f lgo'Qm /fHokfnn] s]Gb| ;/sf/sf] ljlw k"0f{ cfb]z tyf /fHo dlGq kl/ifbsf] O{R5f÷rfxgf ljk/Lt sfo{ ubf{ d'VodGqL÷dGqLkl/ifb ;+u ;+3if{ ;'? x'g ;S5 To:tf] ca:yfdf /fi6"ktLn] /fHokfnnfO{ lkmtf{ af]nfpg' k5{ . /fi6"ktLnfO{ . /fHo Goflos jf z}Go zlQm k|wfg eP h:tf] /fHokfnnfO{ lbg x'bg} t/ /fi6"klts} ;dfg sfo{kfnLsf Joj:yflksf, GofokfnLsf] zlQm x'g' k5{ . /fHokfnn] cfˆgf] dlGq kl/ifb lgo'lQm ub{5 . /fHo dxfGofowLjStf / nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf] ;b:o lgo'lQm ug]{ zlQm /fHokfnnfO{ lbg' k5{ . dxfGofolwjStfsf] kb /fHokfn sfo{/t /x] ;Dd /xg' k5{ t/ nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf] ;b:onfO{ ei6frf/ u/]df pRrtd Gofonosf] k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df cyjf ^% jif{ pd]/ k'/f ePdf jf lnlvt /fhLgfdf lbPdf x6fpg ;Sg] Joj:yf ckgfpg ;lsG5 . /fHokfnnfO{ /fHosf]] pRr Gofnosf] GofowL;x?sf] lgo'lQm ug]{ clwsf/ x'bg} t/ /fi6"ktLn] /fHo Gofo kl/ifbn] l;kmfl/; u/]sf] dWo] ;+l3o Gofo kl/ifbn] l;kmfl/; u/]sf] h]i7 cg'ejL JolQmnfO{ lgo'QmL ug{ ;Sg] Joj:yf ckgfpg' ;lsG5 . /fHo k|ltlglw ;efdf /fHokfn4f/f dgf]lgt ;f+;b ;b:o k|To]s /fHosf] cnu cnu pNn]v ul/g" k5{ . b'O{ ;bgfTds Joj:yflksf ;+ ; b ckgfO{ P sf] /fHodf /fHokfnnfO{ /fHo kl/ifbdf dgf]lgt ug{ kfpg] ;+;b ;+Vofsf] cg'kft /fi6"ktLnfO{ /fHo ;efdf dgf]lgt ug{ kfpg] æzlQmÆ ;/x sl/a ;dfg x'g' k5{ . /fHokfn /fHo k| l tlglw ;ef Joj:yflksf ;+;bsf] c+u x'g' k5{ . h:tf]ls /fi6"ktL ;+;bsf] c+u x'G5 . /fHokfnnfO{ /fHo k|ltlglw ;ef Joj:yflksf ;+;bnfO{ ;d+af]wg / ;Gb]z k7fpg] clwsf/ x'gk' 5{ . ;+;b jf]nfpg] zqfj;fg ug],{ lj36g ug]{ clwsf/ x'g' k5{ . /fHo k|ltlglw ;ef Joj:yflksf ;+;b ;dSIf /fHo jflif{s ljlQo k|ltj]bg k]z u/fpg] zlQm /fHokfnnfO{ lbg' k5{ . wg, ljw]os / s]Gb| ;/sf/ ;+u C0f cg'bfg ;xfotf df+u l;kmfl/; ug]{ zlQm /fHokfnsf] x'g' k5{ . /fHokfnn] s'g} JolQmnfO{ s'g} b08sf] Ifdf, sd b08 cfb]zsf] lgnDjg ug{ ;S5 h'g ljlw clwg ck/fwsf] nflu bf]ifL dflgPsf] 5. /fHosf] cfkt sfnLg cj:yf h:t} M /fHonfO{ aflx/L cfs|d0f , z;:q ljb|fx] af6 pTkGg kl/l:ytLsf] ;fdgf ug]{ zlQm x'g' x'bg} , h:tf] /fi6"ktLnfO{ x'G5 . hj /fHosf] zf;g ;+ljwfgdf pNn]v eP adf]lhd rnfpg ;lsb}g tj To:tf] cj:yfsf] jf/]df /fi6"ktLnfO{ lnlvt hfgsf/L u/fO{ /fHosf] zf;g :j+d u|xg ug{ /fHokfnn] cg'/f]w ug'{ k5{ . /fHokfnn] dlGq kl/ifbsf] ;Nnfx cg';f/ sfo{ ug'{ k5{ . /fHo dlGqkl/ifbsf] k|wfg d'Vo dlGq x'g]5 . d'Vo dGqLsf] lgo'lQm÷;ky u|x0f /fHokfnn] u/fpg' k5{ . cGo dlGqx?sf] lgo' l Qm d' V o dGqLsf] l;kmf/L;df /fHokfnn] ug'{ k5{ . dlGqkl/ifb ;fd'lxs ?kdf /fHo k|ltlglw;ef Joj:yflksf ;+;b / JolQmut ?kdf /fHokfn k|lt pQ/bfoL x'g' k5{ .

/fHo dlGqx? cf-cfkmgf] st{Jo kfng ug{ ug'{ kg]{ sfo{ / cfr/0fsf] nflu hgtf k|lt pQ/bfoL x'g' k5{ . /fHo dGqLkl/ifb, /fHo k|ltlglw ;ef, hgtf / s]Gb| ;/sf/ k|lt pQ/bfoL agL /xg' k5{ . s'g} klg JolQm dlGq kbdf lgo'Qm ug{ ;lsG5 t/ /fHo k|ltlgwL ;efsf] ljZjf;sf] dt x'g' k5{ . t/ ^ dlxgf leq k|ltlglw ;ef ;+;bsf] ;b:otf lng g;s] dlGq aGg ;Sb}g . dlGqsf] tna /fHo k|ltlgwL Joj:yflksf ;+;b4f/f lgw{fl/t ljlw cg';f/ x'g' k5{ . /fHokfn / p;sf] dlGq ljrdf o:tf] ;DaGw x'g' k5{ h:tf] /fi6"ktL / p;sf] ;+l3o dlGqkl/ifb ;+u x'G5 . xfd|f] ;+ljwfgn] /fi6"ktLnfO{ :jljj]sf cg';f/ sfo{ ug]{ zlQm glbg klg ;S5 t/ /fHokfnnfO{ :jljj]sfg';f/ sfo{ ug]{ clwsf/ afx]ssf sfo{x? dWo] /fHokfnn] cfˆgf] sfo{ ug{df ;fxotf / ;Nnfx lbgsf] nflu Pp6f dlGqkl/ifb x'g' k5{ . :jljj]s cg';f/ ug'{ kg]{ sfo{ dWo] !_ Pp6f /fHosf] /fHokfnnfO{ glhssf] csf]{ /fHosf] /fHokfndf lgo'lQm x'bf cfˆgf] dlGqkl/ifbaf6 :jtGq/xL csf]{ /fHosf] k|zf;ssf] ?kdf sfd ug'{ k5{ . @_ ;+l3o / /fHo k|zf;s lar /fHokfnsf] dfWodaf6 ;+l3o ;/sf/n] lbPsf] lgb]z { gsf] kfngf /fHo ;/sf/n] u/]÷gu/]sf] hfgsf/L /fi6"kltn] k|fKt ub{5 . #_ /fHokfnn] /fHodf pTkGg ;d:of÷kl/:yLtL h;af6 /fHosf] ;+rfng ;+aw} flgs ljlw clwg ug{ ;lsb}g eGg] k|ltj]bg ;Qf?9 bnsf] lj?4 x'g ;S5 . dlGqkl/ifbn] cfˆgf] zlQm k|of]u ul/ ljWj+z ug{ rfx], zlQm / wgsf] b'?kof]u ug{ rfx] o:tf] cj:yfdf dlGqkl/ifb ;+u ;Nnfx÷k/fdz{ ul/ k|ltj]bg k7fpg ;lab}g . $_ hj dGqLkl/ifb lj36g e} ;s]sf] x'G5, ha ;Dd csf]{ a}slNks dGqLkl/ifb agb}g tj o:tf] ca:yfdf /fHokfnn] ;Nnfx ug{ ;Sb}g, cfˆgf] :jljj]s cg';f/ ug'{ kg]{ x'G5 h'g /fHosf] hgtfnfO{ dfGo x'G5 . %_ ha /fi6"klt4f/f g} s'g} /fHosf] ;+jw} flgs ljlw Joj:yf ;dfKt e} ;s]sf] 3f]if0ff x'G5 ta /fHokfnn] /fHo ;/sf/sf] sfo{ zlQmsf] u|xg u/L /fi6"ktLsf] clestf{sf] ?kdf sfo{ ug'{

kg]{ x'G5 . ^_ of] /fo ;'emfj dlGqkl/ifb ;+u /fHokfn l;w} ;xdt gx'g klg ;S5, /fHokfn o:tf] bn ;+u ;djGw /fv]sf] x'g ;S5 h;sf] dlGqkl/ifb 5}g . /fHokfnn] /fd|/L a'emfb5sL ;+aw} flgs k|so[ fsf] p+n3+g e} /x]sf] 5 . cyjf dlGqkl/ifbsf] /fo k/fdz{n] sfo{ u/] o;n] ;+l3o ljlw Joj:yfdf c;/ ug{ ;S5 To:tf] cj:yfdf /fHokfnn] cfˆgf] :jljj]s cg';f/ sfd ug{ kfpg] Joj:yf ckgfpg' k5{ h'g /fHosf] hgtfnfO{ dfGo x'g5 ] . /fi6"kltsf] k" 0 f{ lgoGq0fdf /lx /fHokfnn] cfˆgf] :jljj]sfg';f/ sfd ug]{ 5 jf cfˆgf] ljz]if pQ/ bfO{Tjdf sfd ug'{ k5{ . /fi6"ktLnfO{ /fHokfnsf] lgo'lQm ug]{ / x6fpg] zlQmn] ubf{ /fHokfn dfly /fi6"kltsf] JolQmut lgoGq0f /xG5 hjsL /fi6"ktLnfO{ /fHo k|ltlglw ;efsf] ljZjf;sf] dt k|fKt d'Vo dlGq O{R5f ljk/Lt /fHo ;/sf/ dfly /xb}g . /fi6"ktL:nfO{ /fHokfnsf] k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df /fHosf] ls|ofsnfksf] hfgsf/L k|fKt x'G5 t/ ;+jw} flgs ljlw Jojxf/ cg';f/ ;/sf/ rNb}g eGg] /fHokfnn] lbPsf] k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df ;/sf/ lj36g ug{ ;S5 . /fHokfnnfO{ s'g} ! dlGqnfO{ s'g} ;do lgDg ca:yfdf x6fpg] zlQm lbg' k5{ . ha k|ltlglw ;efn] cfljZjf;sf] k|:tfj ;do dt lbP, lgGbfsf] k|:tfj dfly dtlbP, k|ToIf dtbfg 4f/f /fHo dlGqkl/ifb dfly ljZjf; gePsf] kl/df0f 3f]if0ff u/fPsf] cj:yfdf ;/sf/sf] lj36g x'G5 To;j]nf ;a} dGqL kbRo"t ug]{ zlQm /fHokfnnfO{ lbg' k5{ . k|To]s /fHodf dxfGofolwjStf x'g' k5{ . h;sf] lgo'lQm /fHokfnn] cfkm\gf] kbfjwL;Dd prtd Gofonosf] Gofolw; ;/x of]Uotf ePsf] JolQmnfO{ lgo'lQm ug{ kfpg' k5{ . /fHo dofGofolwjStfsf] kf/L>lds /fHokfnn] lgwf{/0f ug'{ k5{ . /fHosf] b'j} ;bgdf efu lng] / ax; ug]{ clwsf/, ;+;bsf] s'g} lg0f{o k|ltlnkL lng] clwsf/sf] ;fy} ;bgsf] ultlalw /fHokfnnfO{ lnlvt jf df}lvs hfgsf/L u/fpg] clwsf/ /fHo dxfGofolwjQmfnfO{ lbg' k5{ t/ ;bgdf dtbfg ug]{ clwsf/L lbg' x'bg} .

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G R A N D

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hgsk'/ adsf08sf cf/f]kL ;+ho zfxaf6 vt/f ePsf] egfO{ wg'iff lhNnf ljsf; sfof{nodf e|i6frf/ u/]sf] cf/f] k df d' l 5P/ ;xn] v fkfnaf6 lgnlDat ePsf hLjgfy rf}w/LnfO{ u[xdGqfnon] ;'/Iff k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . hgsk'/ ads08df d'l5P/ km/f/ /x]sf ;ef;b\ Pj+ Pj+ ;befjgf kf6L{sf pkfWoIf ;+ h o ;fxaf6 cfkm"nfO{ vt/f /x]sf] eGb} rf}w/Ln] u[xdGqfno;Fu ;'/Iff

dfu ul/Psf] lyof] . clVtof/af6 8fldPsf rf}w/LnfO{ ;'/Iff lbg u[xn] z'?df OGsf/ u/]sf lyP . e| i 6frf/sf] cf/f] k df lgnDagdf /x]sf rf}w/LnfO{ g} ;/sf/n] ;'/Iff k|bfg ul/of] eg] u[xk|zf;g ab\gfd x'g] 8/n] ;' / Iff lbg OGsf/ ul//x]sf a]nf sfFu; ]| g]tf Pj+ ef}lts dGqL ljdn]G› lglwn] u[xdGqLnfO{ bjfj lbPkl5 u[xn] rf}w/Lsf] ;fydf Pshgf c;O{ v6fPsf] 5 . hLjgfy rf} w /Lnufot cGo s] x L sd{rf/Lsf] d'2f clxn] ljz]if

cfbfntdf ljrf/flwg 5 t/ sfFu; ]| sf] bjfjdf rf}w/LnfO{ ;'/Iff k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . xfn km/f/ /x] s f ;+ h o ;fx cfkm"nfO{ xTof ug{] of]hgf agfPsf] afxfgf rf} w /Ln] u[xdGqfno;dIf u/]sf] u[x ;|ft] n] hgfPsf] 5 . ;+ho ;fxeGbf sd ab\gfd / e|i6 rf}w/L 5}gGf / ToxL sf/0fn] oL b'O{sf]aLrdf k6s-k6s em8k klg ePsf] xf] . hgsk' / df ePsf] ad sf08df ;+ho ;fxn] cfkm"nfO{ xTof ug{] k|of; u/]sf] eGb} clxn] pgL hgsk' / b] l v

/fhwfgL;Dd ;xfg' e " l t a6'Nb}5Gf . hgsk'/df /fd;/f]h ofbj / ljdn]G› lglwsf] cf8df u'08fubL{df ;+ n Ug rf} w /Ln] cfˆgf] lj/f]wdf nfUg]nfO{ k};f lbP/ r'k u/fpF5Gf ls t wDsL lbP/ . rf}w/Lsf] lqmofsnfkaf6 cflht ePsf hgsk'/jf;L o:tf JolQmnfO{ ;/sf/af6 g} ;+/If0f ePsf] k|lt cfZro{ JoQm u/]sf 5Gf . ;+ho ;fx km/f/ ePb] l v rf} w /L sf7df8f}d + f a:b} cfPsf 5Gf .

Ps jif{ leq ;+ljwfg hf/L x'G5 M d+qL l/hfn b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============

;"rgf tyf ;+rf/d+qL 8f= ldg]G› l/hfnn] cfufdL df3 & ut] leq ;+ljwfg hf/L ul/;Sg] bfjL u/]sf 5g . ;+ l jwfg;efn] ;+ l jwfg lgd{ f 0fsf] k| l qmof ;' ? ul/;s]sfn] Ps jif{ leq h'g;'s} xfntdf ;+ljwfg hf/L ul/;Sg] bfjL u/]sf x'Gf . k|; ] k|ltlglw k|df0fkq ljt/0f 3' D tL lzlj/sf] z' q mjf/ pb3f6g zqdf l/hfnn] ;+ l jwfg lgd{ f 0fsfnflu ;+ljwfg;ef lgodfjnL ;d]t tof/ e};s]sfn] Ps jif{ leq ;+ljwfg hf/L x'gd] f s'g} z+sf gb]lvPsf] pgsf] syg 5 . ;/sf/sf] k|jQmf ;d]t /x]sf d+ q L l/hfnn] :yflgo lgsfosf] r' g fj ;d] t ug{ ' k g{ ] d f hf] 8 lbP . hgk|ltlglw ljlxg cj:yfsf]

sf/0f hgtfn] nf]stGqsf] cg'el' t ug{ g;s]sf] pNn]v ub{} pgn] oyflz3| :yflgo lgsfosf] r' g fj u/fpg ;/sf/ nflu k/]sf] atfP . hgk|ltlglw ljlxgsf sf/0fn] hgtfn] nf]stGqsf] cg'el' t ug{ g;s]sf] pgsf] syg lyof] . pgn] :yflgo lgsfosf] r'gfj ug{ g]kfnL sf+u; ]| df ;d]t s'g} k|sf/sf] ljjfb gb]lvPsf] ;d]t :ki6 u/] . Ps cs{ f ] k| z + u df d+ q L l/hfnn] kqsf/x?n] ef]Ug' k/]sf] ;d:ofx?nfO{ lg/fs0f ug{ ;/sf/ k|ltj4 /x]sf] atfP . kqsf/x?n] ljleGg k|sf/sf] ;d:ofx?sf] ;fdgf ug{k' l//x]sf] :jLsf/ ub{} d+qL l/hfnn] g]kfn ;/sf/sf] ;Lldt ;| f ] t ;fwgsf] kl/lwleq /x]/ k/fdz{ tyf 5nkmnsf] dfWodaf6 cfnf]kfnf] ;d:of lgsf/0f

ug{ tof/ /x]sf] atfP . kqklqsfx?nfO{ ;dfg' k fltssf] dfWodn] lj1fkg lbg ;/sf/n] k|lqmof ;d]t ;'? ul/;s]sf] hgfpb} pgn] kqklqsfsf] au{Ls/0f k|lqmofdf b]lvPsf] lje]bnfO{ cGt ug{ ;d]t ;/sf/ tof/ /x]sf] atfP . d+qL l/hfnn] kqklqsfnfO{ do{flbt ;d]t agfpg'kg{]df hf]8 lbP . kqklqsf do{flbt geP;Dd ;/sf/af6 kfpg] ;]jf ;'ljwf k'of{ pg ;d:of x'g] ePsfn] kqklqsfnfO{ dof{ l bt agfpg'kg{] pgsf] syg 5 . ;+rf/sd{Lsf] Ps k|Zgdf d+qL l/hfnn] kf+ r hgf ;j{;fwf/0fsf] Hofg hfg] u/L /fdfgGb rf]sdf u/fOPsf] ad lj:kmf]6sf cleo'QmnfO{ pGd'lQm lbg gldNg] atfP . ad sf08df ;befjgf kf6{Lsf ;ef;b ;+ho s'df/ ;fxsf]

gfd d'l5Psf] va/ ;'Ggdf cfPsf] atfpb} pgn] 36gfsf] 5fglagdf tbf?Qmfsf ;fy nfUg'kg{] atfP . ad sf08sf] 36gfaf/] tbf?Qmf;fy nfUg u[x d+qfno dfkm{t k|x/L k| z f;gnfO{ lgb{ ] z g lbg nufPsf] ;d]t pgn] atfP . g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 wg'iff zfvfsf ;efklt clgn ld>sf] cWoIftfdf cfof]lht pb3f6g zqdf ;xfos k|dv ' lhNnf clwsf/L xl/ k|;fb af:tf]nf, k|]; sfplG;nsf ;b:o gjn lszf]/ ofbjafaf_, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 wg' i ff zfvfsf lgj{ t dfg ;efklt /fdclzif ofbj, k"j; { efkltx? czf]s /f}lgof/, pd] z ;fx, g] k fn kqsf/ dxf;+ 3 dxf] Q /L zfvfsf ;efklt OZj/L kf} 8 ] n nufotn] s fo{ q mddf z'esfdgf dgtJo /fv]sf lyP .

cbfntdf k'{ofP/ sf/afxL ug{] if8ØGq eO/x]sf] eGb} pgn] eg]-…lxhf] dfcf]jfbL cfGbf] n gsf g] t fx?sf] 6fpsf]sf] d"No tf]Sg] dfG5]x? clxn] klg 6fps} vf]lh/x]sf 5Gf . 6fpsf] sf6\g vf]h]sf 5Gf of] s'/f xfdLn] la;{lof}+ eg] Oltxf;df xfdLaf6 7"nf] e"n x'g] vt/f 5 .Ú ;+VofTds

?kdf sd ePklg cfkm"x? ;+ljwfg lgd{f0fdf k|ltj4 /x]sf] pgn] atfP . dhb'/, ls;g, dlxnf, dw];L;Fusf] ;DjGw sdhf] / ePsf] :jLsf/ ub{} dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k|r08n] eg]-…xfdL clnslt km6fxx?;F u bnfnx?;F u gf]s/zfxx?;Fu ;dfGtx?;Fu p7a; lx88'n

ub{ f xfdL l;+ x sf] aRrf ePklg lj:tf/} e]8f] h:tf] eof}+ . uDeL/ uNtL eof] .Ú k| r 08n] o;f] elg/xF b f ;df/f]xdf ;xefuLx?n] tfnL lk6]sf lyP . cWoIf ePsf gftfn] cfkm"n] lhDd]jf/L lng] eGb} pgn] s]G›Lo sfo{nosf g] t fx?n] klg ;f] k fgqmd cg';f/ lhDdf lng' kg{] atfP .

…;'k/ kfj/Ú k|of]u gug{ cbfntnfO{ k|r08sf] r]tfjgL b PS;Sn'l;e ;Djfbbftf hgsk'/wfd============

PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k|r08n] åGåsfnsf d'2fx?df …;'k/ kfj/Ú k|of]u gug{ cbfntnfO{ r]tfjgL lbPsf 5Gf . ;Tolg?k0f tyf d]nldnfk / j]kQf 5fgljg cfof] u agfpg] s' / fdf clnslt klg uNtL u{of] eg] ;+ l jwfg lgd{ f 0f k| l qmof k| e fljt x' g ] / ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfg g} gaGg] Uof/]G6L x'g] vt/f /x]sf] pgn] atfP . z'qmaf/ sLlt{ k ' / df clvn qmflGtsf/Lsf] !( cf}+ /fli6"o clwj] z gsf] p¢f6g ub{ } k|r08n] r]tfjgL k"0f{ efiffdf eg] - …xfd| f cbfntx?n] b]ptfsf] cbfnt h:tf] ag]/ sfd ug{ yfn] eg] of] b]z km]l/ Pp6f 7"nf] åGådf hfg] vt/f 5 .Ú cbfnt, ;/sf/, /fhgLlts kf6LÚ ;a} !@ a'Fb] ;dembf/L, cGtl/d ;+ljwfg, zflGt ;Demf}tfåf/f lgb{]lzt /x]sf] eGb} pgn] eg]-…olb Tof] eGbf aflx/ uP/ s;}n] lg0f{o ug{ vf]Hof] . sf]xL /fhgLlts g]tT[ jn] To;f] ug{ vf]Hof] jf s'g} cbfntn] To:tf] ;'k/ kfj/ k|of]u ug{ vf]Hof] jf s'g} tTjn] vf]Hof] eg] g]kfnL ;dfh lgs} 7"nf] åGådf hfg] vt/f 5 .Ú cfkm" x ?nfO{ cGt/fli6" o

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k|zf;g ;'wf/ ;'emfj ;ldltn] k|zf;lgs ;+/rgfnfO{ r':t agfpg ljBdfg dGqfnosf] ;ÎØf 36fO{ !* df emfg{ ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . ;ldltn] laxLaf/ k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfnfO{ a'emfPsf] k|ltj]bgdf c;Gt'lnt sfo{ljefhg / sfdsf] bf]xf]/f]kgf tyf ;fd~h:otfsf] a]d]nsf] cGTosf nflu ljBdfg @^ ;ÎØfdf /x]sf] dGqfnonfO{ 36fpg / k| w fgdGqL tyf dGlqkl/ifb\ sfof{nosf] sfo{af]em 36fpg ;'emfOPsf] 5 . ;ldltn] ;+ 3 Lotfdf uPkl5 s] G ›df a9Ldf !@ dfq dGqfnon] k'Ug] hgfPsf]] 5 . k|ltj]bgdf elgPsf] 5-…Gqfnon] g} ug{ ] vfnsf lhDd] j f/L k|wfgdGqL tyf dGlqkl/ifb\sf] sfo{fnonfO{ tf]sL af]lemnf] agfPsf] b]lvFbf o; sfo{fnonfO{ cg'udg, ;'k/Lj]If0f, lg/LIf0f / ;dGjosf/L e"ldsfdf s]lG›t

k|zf;gnfO{ hgd'vL, kl/0fdd'vL / /fhgLlts x:tIf]kaf6 d'Qm agfO{ ;Ifd / Jofj;flos agfpg ;fj{hlgs k|zf;g;Fu hf]l8Psf cfwf/e"t ljifonfO{ ;+ljwfgd} ;d]6g\ ;'emfj lbOPsf] ;ldltsf cWoIf sfzL/fh bfxfnn] hfgsf/L lbP . @# kl/R5]bdf ;d]l6Psf] k|ltj]bgn] sfdsf] bf]xf]/f]kg /f]Sg If]qLo sfof{nosf] cf}lrTj k'g/jnf]sg u/L cgfjZos ;+/rgf vf/]h ug{, e|i6frf/ lgoGq0f;DaGwL sfg' g sf] k' g /jnf] s g ug{ , :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rgsf] ldlt tf]Sg, /fil6"o of]hgf cfof] u sf kbflwsf/Lsf] lgo'lQmsf nflu ljz]if l;kmfl/; ;ldlt u7g ug{, lghfdtL ;]jfdf a9'jfnfO{ Ho]i7tfnfO{ cfwfl/t agfO{ gsf/fTds ;"rLdf gk/];Dd jl/i7tfsf cfwf/df kbf]Gglt ug{] ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . dGqfnosf ;lrjnfO{ h'g;'s} avt ;¿jf ug{] k|jl[ Qn] sfdsf]

k|efjsfl/tfdf x|f; cfpg] eGb} ;ldltn] k| w fgdGqLsf] cWoIftfdf ;fdfGo k|zf;gdGqL / d'Vo ;lrj;d]t /x]sf] ljz]if ;+oGqn] sfo{Ifdtf, cg'ej / ljifoj:t' ; d] t sf cfwf/df ;lrjsf] kb:yfkg / ;¿jfsf] Joj:yf ug{] ;'emfPsf] 5 . ;fy} lghfdtL ;]jfdf cjsfzsf] pd]/ ^) jif{ sfod ug{, Pp6} sd{rf/L 6"8] o'lgog agfpg, cfly{s jif{sf] cGTodf vr{ ug{] k| j [ l Q lg¿T;fxg ug{ ] / ;+3Lotfdf hfFbf s]G›, k|b]z / :yfgLo lghfdtL ;]jsf] ljsf; ul/g'kg{]nufot ;'emfj klg lbPsf] 5 . ; ' e m f j s f ] sfo{fGjogsf] n]vfhf]vfsf nflu k| w fgdGqLsf] cWoIftfdf …pRr:t/Lo lgb{]zs ;ldltÚ u7g ug{ ;ldltn] ;'emfj lbPsf] 5 . k|ltj]bg a'‰b} k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnfn] ;'emfjsf] sfo{fGjog x'bF f ljBdfg k|zf;lgs ljs[lt / lj;Ëltsf] cGTo x'g ;Sg] atfP .

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