Page 1

ehL fle;j jkpoPo murhq;fj;jpd; (eh.f.j.m) murikg;G Kfg;Giu rl;lj;jpd; Ml;rp> kdpj chpikfSf;F kjpg;G> rdehafk;> midj;J kf;fSf;Fkhd rkj;Jtk; Mfpa nfhs;iffSf;Fk;> Njrpa ,dq;fspd; Raepu;za cupikf;Fk; ,zq;f> jkpoPo kf;fs; jPh;khdpj;J>

caph;

thOk;

cupikAk;>

mth;fspd;

ghJfhg;igAk;

cWjp

nra;aTk;

,yq;ifj; jPtpy; may; fhydpahjpf;f muRfspd; tUiff;F Kd;G jkpo;> rpq;fsk; vd jdpj;jdpahd ,U Rje;jpu muRfs; ,Ue;jd vd;gijf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;Lk;> jkpoPo kf;fSf;Fk; rpq;fs kf;fSf;Fkhd cwTfspd; tuyhW vd;gJ mLj;jLj;J te;j rpwpyq;fh murhq;fq;fs; jkpou;fSf;F jhk; nfhLj;j thf;FWjpfis kPwpaJk;> rpwpyq;fh murhq;ff;fSf;Fk; jkpoPo kf;fspd; gpujpepjpfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; Kiwg;gb nra;Jnfhs;sg;gl;l xg;ge;jq;fisAk; cld;gbf;iffisAk; xUjug;ghf ePf;fk; nra;jJkhd njhlh; Nghf;fhfNt ,Ue;Js;sJ vd;gij mwpe;Jzh;e;J> mLj;jLj;J te;J rpwpyq;fh murhq;fq;fs; miu Ehw;whz;L fhyj;jpw;Fk; Nkyhfj; jkpoh;fSf;F vjpuhf ,dg;gLnfhiyAk; khDl tpNuhjf; Fw;wq;fSk; Nghh;f; Fw;wq;fSk; Ghpe;Js;sd vd;gij kdj;jpypUj;jp> fle;j 1976Mk; Mz;bd; tl;Lf;Nfhl;ilj; jPh;khdj;Jf;Fg; gpd; eilngw;w nghJj;Njh;jypy; <oj;jkpoupd; kuTtopj; jhafj;jpy; jkpoPo kf;fSf;fhd Rje;jpuKk;> jkpo; kf;fspd; ,iwikAk;> kjr;rhh;gpd;ikAk; nfhz;l muir kPsTk; epWTk;gb jkpoPo kf;fs; jk;khy; Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;l gpujpepjpfSf;Ff; fl;lisapl;lhh;fs; vd;gijf; ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> rpwpyq;fh murhq;fq;fspd; %h;f;fj;jdKk;> ,yq;ifj; jPtpy; jkpoh;fSf;F murpay; ,ilntsp ,y;yhky; NghdJk;> Nrh;e;J nfhz;ljhy; jkpo; kf;fs; mspj;j fl;lisia epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhd jkpoh; mwtopg;Nghuhl;lk; gadw;Wg;Nghapw;W vd;gij kdj;jpypUj;jp> rpwpyq;fhtpd; murikg;G rl;lq;fspw;F cl;gl;L ehw;gjhz;L fhyk; mwtopapYk;> mikjp topapYk; eilngw;w Nghuhl;lq;fs; mij;Jk; gadw;Wg;Nghdjhy;> jkpoh;fspd; jw;fhg;ig fUj;jpy; nfhz;L Raepu;za chpikia ntd;nwLg;gjw;fhf jkpoh;fspd; MAjg; Nghuhl;lk; vOe;jJ vd;gij kdj;jpypUj;jp> jkpoh;fspd; murpay;> MAjg; Nghuhl;lq;fSk; mjd; gadhf cUthfpa jkpoPo eilKiw muRk;> jkpo; kf;fspd; murpay; Ntzthit ntspg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd murpay; ntspiaj; Njhw;Wtpj;jd vd;gij kdj;jpypUj;jp> gpupj;jhdpahtpd; fhydp Mjpf;fj;jpYk; rpwpyq;fhtpd; Ml;rpapYk; ,oe;j jkpoH ,iwikia 1983 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2009 ,ilg;gl;l fhyg;gFjpapy; jkpoHfshy; XusTf;F kPl;fg;gl;Lj; jdpaurhf epHtfpf;fg;gl;lijAk; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L> 2002,y; NehHNt Clhf Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l Nghu;epWj;j cld;gbf;ifia rpwpyq;fh muR xU jiyr;rhu;ghf Kwpj;Jf;nfhz;lij fUj;jpw;nfhz;L> rpwpyq;fh murpd; ,dg;gLnfhiyfSk;; mur gaq;futhjKk; jkpoh;fspd; jpwid tYf;Fd;wr; nra;J> mth;fs; mDgtpj;J te;j murpay; ntspia mopj;JtpLfpd;wd vd;gij ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> ,yq;ifj; jPtpw;Fs; jkpoPo kf;fspd; murpay; ehl;lq;fisj;; njspe;Jiuf;f murpay; ntsp ,y;yhkw; Nghdijf; ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> 1


rpwpyq;fhtpw;F ntspNa ,e;j murpay; ntspiaj; r%fj;Jf;Fs;s tuyhw;Wf; flikia czh;e;J>

Njhw;Wtpf;f

Gyk;ngah;

jkpo;r;

1976 tl;Lf;Nfhl;ilj; jPh;khdj;jpy; jug;gl;l fl;lisia Nehh;Nt> fdlh> n[h;kdp> Rtpl;rh;yhe;J> ,j;jhyp> gphpj;jhdpah> nld;khu;f;> mT];jpNuypah> gpuhd;];> neju;yhe;J Mfpa ehLfspy; eilngw;w nghJrd thf;nfLg;Gfs; kWTWjp nra;jpUg;gijAk;> 1976w;F gpwfhd 30 Mz;L fhyj;jpy; jkpoPo kf;fs; nra;Js;s <fj;ijAk; ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> fle;j 2010 khh;r;R 15,y; ntspaplg;gl;l eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpd; mwpTiuf;FO mwpf;ifapy; vLj;Jiuf;fg;gl;lthW jkpoPo kf;fspd; ehLfle;j ,ay;Gk;> ehLfle;j murpay; nray; Kidg;Gk; kyh;e;jpUg;gijf; ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> mT];jpNuypah> epA+rpyhe;J> n[h;kdp> Rtpl;rh;yhe;J> gpuhd;R> nld;khh;f;> Nehh;Nt> RtPld;> gphpj;jhdpah> fdlh> If;fpa mnkhpf;fh Mfpa ehLfspy;; eilngw;w eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpw;fhd rdehaf Kiwj; Njh;jy;fisf; ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> If;fpa mnkhpf;fhtpy; cs;s gpynly;gpahtpy; Njrpa murikg;G ikaj;jpy; 2010 Nk 17Mk; ehs; ehLfle;j jkpoPo murhq;fk; mikf;fg; ngw;wijf; ftdj;jpw;nfhz;L> rHtNjr mq;fPfhuj;Jld; jkpoPo kf;fspd;; Raepu;za cupikia <Nlwr; nra;tjw;fhfTk;> mth;fspd;; ,iwikiar; nrYj;Jtjw;fhfTk; ehLfle;j jkpoPo murhq;fk; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ Mifahy;> jkpoPo kf;fspd;; Njrpaf; nfhbiaAk;> Njrpa milahsq;fisAk;> Njrpa rpd;dq;fisAk;> Njrpa epwq;fisAk; gpw Njrpa Xu;ikfisAk; njhlHe;J Ngzpg; ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk; Mifahy;> mikjp> td;Kiw jtph;g;G (mfpk;ir)> rfpg;Gj; jd;ik> gy;kj> gy;ypd r%ff; nfhs;if> ntspg;gilj; jd;ik> nghWg;ghz;ik Mfpa nfhs;iffspd; mbg;gilapy; Rje;jpuj; jkpoPo muR mikf;Fk; nghUl;L eh.f.j.m. jk;ik xU rdehaf Ml;rpaikg;gpd; Clhf top elj;jpAs;sJ Mifahy;> Fwpg;ghfr; nrhd;dhy;> <oj; jkpoh;fspd; nghJthd ,yf;if Nehf;fp Kd;Ndwpr; nry;yTk;> <oj;jpw;F cs;NsAk; ntspNaAk; thOk; jkpoh;fspd; Njhoikia tYthf;fTk; Kaw;rpfs; nra;a Ntz;Lk; Mifahy;> ehL fle;j jkpoPo murhq;fj;jpd; ,uz;lhk; murit ,e;j murikg;igj; jdJ mbg;gil topfhl;bahf ,jd;topg; gpufldg;gLj;jp rl;lkhf;fpf; nfhs;fpwJ Mifahy;> ,e;j murikg;G nrg;nlk;gh; 29> 2010 njhlf;fk; xf;Nlhgu; 01> 2010 tiu mnkupf;fhtpd; ePA+Nahu;f; efupy; eilngw;w ehL fle;j jkpoPo murhq;fj;jpd; murikg;Gg; Nguitapy; jdNjw;Gr; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

2


mj;jpahak; - I 1.1 Nehf;fq;fSk; Fwpf;Nfhs;fSk; ehL fle;j jkpoPo murhq;fjpd;; Nehf;fq;fSk; Fwpf;Nfhs;fSk; gpd;tUkhW mikAk;. 1.1.1

Gyk; ngau; jkpo; kf;fshy; rdehaf Kiwapy; njupT nra;ag;gl;l eh.f.j.murhq;fkhdJ Rje;jpuKk; ,iwikAk; nfhz;l jkpoPo muir kPsTk; epWtg; ghLgLk;.

1.1.2

eh.f.j.m. vg;NghJk; khdpl capUf;Fk; Ra fz;zpaj;Jf;Fkhd jdp kdpj cupikia Nghw;wp epw;Fk;.

1.1.3

eh.f.j.m. MdJ jhafj;jpYs;s kf;fs;> Gyk;ngah; <oj;jkpo;r; r%fk;> Fbngah;e;J ,g;NghJ cyfpd; gpw gFjpfspy; tho;e;J tUk; jkpoh;fisf; nfhz;like;j cyfj; jkpo;r; rKjhak; Mfpa midthpd; eyidAk; Nkk;gLj;j Kw;gLk;.

1.1.4

eh.f.j.m. MdJ Gyk;ngah; ehLfspy; <oj; jkpo;g; gz;ghl;bd; jdpr;rpwg;igg; Ngzpf; fhf;fTk; Nkk;gLj;jTk;> Gyk;ngah; jkpo;r; r%fj;jpw;Fs;Sk; cyfj; jkpo;r; rKjhaj;jpw;Fs;Sk; epyTfpw Vida jkpo;g; gz;ghLfSld; mjd; gpizg;Gfisf; epiyepWj;jTk; Kw;gLk;.

1.1.5

eh.f.j.m MdJ jhafj;jpy; fy;tpr; nraw;ghLfs; rpwf;fg; ghLgLk;. mj;Jld; Gyk; ngau; ehLfspy; jkpo;nkhopf; fy;tpapid Cf;Ftpf;fTk; ghLgLk;.

1.1.6

eh.f.j.m. jhafj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; njhopypay;> cah; njhopy;El;gtpay; kw;Wk; Nritj;Jiw rhh;e;j Mf;fq;fSf;fhd tzpf tha;g;Gfisg; Gyk;ngau; ehLfspy;; cWjp nra;tjd; thapyhfj; jhafj;jpd; nghUspay; eyid Nkk;gLj;j Kw;gLk;.

1.1.7

eh.f.j.m. MdJ jkpo; kf;fs; kPJ ,dg;gLnfhiyAk;> ,d mopg;G> ,dRj;jPfupg;G> khDl tpNuhjf; Fw;wq;fisAk;> Nghh;f; Fw;wq;fisAk; Ghpe;jth;fs; kPJ Fw;w tof;Fj; njhLj;J> nghWg;ghdth;fis ePjpapd; Kd; epWj;Jtij cWjp nra;Ak;.

1.1.8

eh.f.j.m. MdJ jkpoh; tho;f;ifapd; midj;Jf; $WfspYk; ghypd rkj;Jtkhfpa mbg;gil kdpj chpikiaf; fhj;J tsh;j;jpLk;.

1.1.9

eh.f.j.m. MdJ khtPuh; FLk;gj;jpdh;> Kd;dhs; Nghuhspfs;> Nghhpdhy; ghjpg;Gw;w FLk;gj;jpdh; MfpNahhpd; ey;tho;itg; Ngzpg;ghJfhf;Fk;.

1.2

murfUknkhop ehLfle;j jkpoPo murhq;fj;jpd; nkhopf; nfhs;if gpd;tUkhW mikAk;.

1.2.1

jkpo;nkopNa eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpd;; murfUk nkhopahf ,Uf;Fk;. ,izg;G nkhopahf NjitNaw;gLk; gl;rj;jpy; Ntw;W nkhopfisAk; gad;gLj;jyhk;.

1.2.2

midj;J eh.f.j.m Mtzq;fSk; jkpopYk;; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

1.2.3

xt;nthU ehl;bYk; me;je;j ehl;L nkhopiag; gad;gLj;jyhk;.

1.3

eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpd; fl;likg;G eh.f.j.m. Xu; mikr;ruitAk;> Xu; muritAk; nfhz;ljha;; ,Uf;Fk;;.

1.3.1

mikr;ruit mikr;ruit gpd;tUk; flikfis epiwNtw;Wk;.

gpupT m gpd;tUkhW khw;wPL nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ.

3


m. ehLfle;j jkpoPo murhq;f mikr;ruitahdJ gpujk mikr;ru; xUtiuAk; gpujkuhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l xU Jizg;gpujkiuAk; mtuhy; epu;zapf;fg;gl;l vz;zpf;if nfhz;l mtuhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l mikr;ru;fisAk; gpujp mikr;ru;fisAk; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. m) mikr;ruitahdJ gpujku;> %d;W (3) Jizg; gpujkh;fs;> kw;Wk; VO (7) mikr;ru;fisAk; cs;slf;fp nkhj;jkhf gjpndhd;W (11) vd;w vz;zpf;ifapy; cWg;gpdu;fisf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. Njit Vw;gbd; gpujku; ,t;ntz;zpf;ifiaf; $l;lNth Fiwf;fNth nra;ayhk;. M) eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpd; epiwNtw;W mjpfhuk; mikr;ruitaplk; ,Uf;Fk;> ,e;j murikg;gpd; toptiffSf;fpzq;f NeubahfNth> mjd; Mizf;Fl;gl;l mYtyh;fs; thapyhfNth> mJ ,e;j mjpfhuj;ijr; nrYj;Jk;. Fwpg;ghfr; nrhd;dhy;> mikr;ruit gpd;tUk; epiwNtw;W mjpfhuq;fisr; nray;gLj;j mjpfhuk; mspf;fg;gLk;. (1) rl;lkpaw;Wk; muritahy; Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l tpjpKiwfSf;Fk; ,irtspj;J mtw;iwg; gpwg;gpj;jy;>

rl;l

Kd;tbTfSf;Fk;

(2) rl;lq;fisAk;> rl;l typik nfhz;l mtrur; rl;lq;fisAk; gpwg;gpj;jy;> (3) kjpg;gpay; tpUJfisAk;> gjtp epakdq;fisAk;; toq;Fjy;> (4) Njit Vw;gbd; muritiaf; $l;Ljy;> (5) Njitg;gLk; Nghnjy;yhk; muritf;Fr; nra;jpfSk; ciufSk; mDg;Gjy;> (6) muritf; $l;lq;fspy; ,aw;wg;gLk; jPh;khdq;fSf;Fr; nghWg;G KOf;f KOf;f mikr;ruitiaNa rhUk;.

1.3.2

nray; tbtk; nfhLf;Fk;

mikr;ruitj; njupT mikr;ruitj; njupT gpd;tUk; Kiwapy; eilngWk;:

gpupT M> ,> < ePf;fg;gl;L gpd;tUkhW khw;wPL nra;ag;gLk;. m) eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpd; muritahdJ jd; cWg;gpdu;fspy; xUtiug; gpujkuhf> ,ufrpa thf;nfLg;G %yk; rhjhuzg; ngUk;ghd;ikahy; njupT nra;Ak;. M) gpujku; murit cWg;gpdu;fspypUe;J Jiz mikr;ru;fisAk; epakpg;ghu;.

Jizg;gpujkiuAk;

mikr;ru;fisAk;

M. %d;W (3) Jizg; gpujku;fs; murit cWg;gpdu;fspy; ,Ue;J ,ad;wsT INuhg;gh> tl mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; mT];jp;Nuypah-epArpyhe;J gpuhe;jpaq;fSf;nfd gpujkuhy;; epakpf;fg;gLthu;fs;. ,). gpujku; me;je;j mikr;ru;fspd; MNyhridNahL me;je;j mikr;RfSf;fhd Jiz mikr;riu epakpg;ghu;.Jiz mikr;ru; epakdk; gw;wpa jkJ MNyhridia mikr;ru; 30 ehl;fSf;Fs; toq;fhtpbd; gpujku; jkJ Kbit vLf;fyhk;. ,) kpFjp (7) mikr;ru;fisAk; murit cWg;gpdu;fspy; ,Ue;J gpujkH njupT nra;thu;. <).Jizg;gpujku; kw;Wk; mikr;ru;fspd; flikfs; nghWg;Gfis gpujku; tFj;Jf; nfhLg;ghu;. Jiz mikr;ru;fspd; flikfs; nghWg;Gfis me;je;j mikr;ru;fs; jPu;khdpg;ghu; Jiz mikr;ru;fSf;F mikr;ru;fspd; cupikfs; (thf;fspg;G cl;gl) ,Uf;fhJ. Mdhy; mikr;ruitf; $l;lq;fspy; gq;F gw;wyhk;.mikr;ru; r%fkspf;fhtpby; jd; mikr;rUf;Fg; gjpyhff; mf; $l;lj;jpy; Jiz mikr;ru; mikr;rupd; cupikiag; gad;gLj;jyhk;.

4


<)

1.3.3

mikr;ru; xt;nthUtUk;; jdpj;jdpNa Jiz mikr;ru;fis epakdk; nra;J> mtu;fSf;F nghWg;Gfis xJf;fpj; juyhk;. mtu;fis murit cWg;gpdu;fspy; ,Ue;J njuTnra;a Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW epakpg;gtu;fSf;F mikr;ru;fSf;fhd cupikfs; ,Uf;fhJ. Mdhy; mikr;ruitj; jPu;khdj;jpd;gb mikr;ruitf; $l;lq;fspy; gq;F gw;wyhk;.

mikr;ru;fSf;fhd jFjpfs; mikr;ru;fSf;fhd jFjpfs; gpd;tUkhW:

m) 2010 khh;r; 15Mk; ehs; ntspaplg;gl;l kjpAiuf;FO mwpf;ifapy; jug;gl;Ls;s tiuaiwapd;gb jkpoPoj;jpd; Fbkfdhf/Fbkfshf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ <oj; jkpou; gz;ghl;L tho;NthL G+u;tPfk;> jpUkzk;> jj;njLj;jy; Mfpadtw;wpy; VjhtJ xd;wpD}lhf ,izT nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. M) ve;j ePjpkd;wj;jhYk; Rayhg my;yJ RaNehf;fr; nray;ghLfSf;fhd Fw;wj;jpw;fhf mtu; thOk; ehl;bNyh NtW xU ehl;bNyh rl;lq;fspd;gb jz;bf;fg;glhjtuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,) muritapy; jFjp ePf;f mwptpg;Gr; nra;ag;glhjtuhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. <) njhlu;r;rpahf ,uz;L jlitf;F Nky; gjtp tfpf;fhjtuhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. c) muritahy; Kd;du; mikr;ru; nghWg;gpypUe;J Ntz;Lk;.

mfw;wg;glhjtuha;

,Uj;jy;

C) <oj;jkpo; kf;fspd; eyDf;Ff; Nflhd Ntnwe;j ehLfspypUe;Jk;> Nrit> jFepiy> nghUspay; ed;ik milahjtuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,Wjp KbT newpKiw Mizaj;jhy; vLf;fg;gLk;. v) mikr;ruit cWg;gpdh; xUth; ,we;jhNyh my;yJ khw;wPL nra;ag;gl;lhNyh my;yJ gjtp tpyfpdhNyh mtUf;fhd khw;wPL gpujkuhy;; %d;W khj fhyj;jpw;Fs; epiwT nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;. V) ,t;thW njupe;njLf;fg;gLk; mikr;ru; Ke;ija mikr;ruit cWg;gpdhpd; kpFjpahd gjtpf;fhyj;ij epiwT nra;thu;.

1.3.4

gpujkupd; gjtpf;fhyk; gpujkupd; gjtpf;fhyk; gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.

,e;j murikg;Gf;F ,zq;fTk; gjtpf;fhyk; Kbtjw;F Kd;djhfTk; gjtp ePf;fk; nra;ag;gLk; re;ju;g;gq;fis tpyf;fpg; ghh;j;jhy;> gpujkupd;; gjtpf; fhyk; Ie;J (5) %d;W (3) Mz;Lfshf ,Uf;Fk;. 1.3.5 gjpypg; gpujku; epakdk;

m) gpujku; ve;j re;ju;g;gj;jpYk; jk;khy; nraw;gl Kbahj epiyapy;; Jizg; gpujkHfspy; xUtiug; gjpypg; gpujkuhf mku;j;Jthu;. M) mt;thW gpujkuhy; gjpypg; gpujkiu epakpf;f Kbahj epiy Vw;gLkhapd; Jizg; gpujku;fspy; xUtu; mt;tplj;jpw;F njupthtu;. ,j;njupT muritapy; mWjpg;; ngUk;ghd;ik ngw Ntz;Lk;. 1.3.6

mikr;ruitapd; gjtpf;fhyk;

mikr;ruitapd; gjtpf;fhyk; gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. m) mikr;ruit fiyf;fg;gLjy; my;yJ mikr;ru;fspd; gjtpf; fhyk; Kbtjw;F

5


Kd;Ng ePf;fg;gLjy; Nghd;w NtW tifapy; Fwpj;Jiuf;fg; glhtpl;lhy;> mikr;ruitapd; gjtpf; fhyk; Ie;J (5) %d;W (3) Mz;Lfshf ,Uf;Fk;. M) Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;lthW mikr;ruit fiyf;fg;gLk; re;ju;g;gq;fis jtpu mikr;ru; vtUk; kPz;Lk; njupT nra;ag;gLtJ nry;Ygbaw;Wg; NghfhJ. Mdhy; mikr;ru; xUtu; kPz;Lk; njupTnra;ag;gLk; NghJ> njhlh;r;rpahd ,U gjtpf; fhyq;fiskpwf; $lhJ. 1.3.7 mikr;ruitf;; $l;lk;

Njitg;gLk; Nghnjy;yhk; mikr;ruitf;$l;lk; elj;j gpujku; miog;G tpLf;fyhk;. gpujkH ,f;$l;lq;fSf;Fj; jiyik tfpg;ghh;. mthpy;yhj NghJ Jizg; gpujkHfspy;; xUtu; jiyik tfpg;ghh;. 1.3.8 mikr;ruitapd; flikg; nghWg;Gfs;> mikr;ru;fs; ePf;fk;

gpupT m ,d; jw;Nghija ruj;Jf;F gjpyhf gpd;tUk; ruj;J

gjpyPL nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ

m). gpujku; Jizg; gpujku; mikr;ru;fs; Jiz mikr;ru;fs; midtUk; murit jiytu; my;yJ Jiz murit jiytu; Kd;dpiyapy; gjtp Vw;G kw;Wk; ,ufrpa fhg;G cWjp Vw;W xg;gkpLthu;fs;. m).gpujku;;> Jizg; gpujku;fs;; kw;Wk; mikr;ru;fs; midtUk; muritj; jiytu; my;yJ Jiz muritj; jiytu; my;yJ mth; rhh;gpy; gLfpd;w xUthpd; Kd;dpiyapy; gjtp Vw;G kw;Wk; ,ufrpaf;fhg;G cWjpNaw;W xg;gkpLthh;fs;. M) mikr;ruitahdJ mjd; cWg;gpdh;fs; jk; flikfisr; nra;tjw;Ff; $l;Lg; nghWg;GilajhFk;;. nghJthf muritf;F mJ tpsf;fkspf;fTk;> tpil nrhy;yTk; nghWg;GilajhFk;. mikr;ruitahdJ mWjpg; ngUk;ghd;ikAld; jPHkhdq;fs; ,aw;wyhk;. ,) gpujku; mikr;ru;fSf;fhd Jiwfis xJf;fPL nra;thh;. <) muritapd; nkhj;j cWg;gpdh;fspy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;fpw;F Nkw;gl;l ngUk;ghd;ikapdhpd; xg;GjYld;> mikr;ruit KOtijAk; gpujku; fiyf;fyhk;. mikr;ru; my;yJ mikr;ru;fs; my;yJ Jizg; gpujku;fs; vtiuAk; gpujku; gjtp ePf;fk; nra;ayhk;. c) mikr;ruit KOtJk; ,t;thW fiyf;fg;gLkhdhy; fiyf;fg;gl;l ehspypUe;J mWgjpw;F(60) Nkw;glhj ehl;fspy; Gjpa mikr;ruit njupT nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;. C) mikr;ruitapd; gjtpf; fhyk; Kbe;j gpwFk; $l> Gjpa mikr;ruit gjtpNaw;Fk; tiu mNj mikr;ruit njhlu;e;J gjtpapy; ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j cWg;gpd; (<) (c) $Wfspy; Fwpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;lthW Fwpg;gpl;l mikr;ruit cWg;gpdh; gjtp ePf;fk; nra;ag;gLthuhapd; mjd;gpd; gjtpapy; ,Uf;f khl;lhh;. mikr;ruit KOtJk; fiyf;fg;gLkhdhy;> Gjpjhfj; njupT nra;ag;gLk; mikr;ruit gjtpNaw;Fk; tiu mNj mikr;ruit njhlh;e;J nraw;gLk;;. Mdhy; nfhs;ifg; nghUl;ghLfs; njhlh;ghf mth;fs; Gjpa KbTfs; VJk; vLf;ff; $lhJ.

1.4

murit murit vd;gJ kf;fshy; njupTnra;ag;gl;l cWg;gpdu;fisAk; epakdk; nra;ag;gl;l cWg;gpdu;fisAk; nfhz;ljha; ,Uf;Fk;.

1.4.1

muritapd; ,iaG

6


muritahdJ njupTnra;ag;gl;l Fiwe;jJ 115 cWg;gpdh;fisAk; epakdk;; nra;ag;gl;l 20jpw;Fk; Nkw;glhj cWg;gpdh;fisAk; nfhz;ljha; ,Uf;Fk;. ,tu;fs; midtUf;Fk; thf;FupikAk; kw;nwy;yhr; rpwg;GupikfSk; cz;L. 1.4.2 rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuk;

rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuk;> MizAhpik midj;Jk; muritaplk; jq;fp epw;Fk;; ,t;thW ,aw;wg;gLtJ rl;lkhf Ntz;Lkhdhy; gpujkupd; ,irT Njitg;gLk;. gpujku; ,irtspf;fhky; tpl;lhy; muritapy; tpthjpf;fg;gl;L Njitahd khw;wq;fSld; muritapd; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;F ngUk;ghd;ikAld; rl;lkhf;fg;gLk;. 1.4.3 murit cWg;gpdUf;fhd jFjpfs; murit cWg;gpduhtjw;Fg; gpd;tUk; jFjpfs; Njitg;gLk;:

m) 2010 khh;r; 15Mk; ehs; ntspaplg;gl;l kjpAiuf;FO mwpf;ifapy; tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;sgb jkpoPof; Fbkfdhf/Fbkfshf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ <oj; jkpou; gz;ghl;L tho;NthL G+u;tPfk;> jpUkzk;> jj;njLj;jy; Mfpadtw;wpy; VjhtJ xd;wpD}lhf ,izT nfhz;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. M) 17 taJ epiwtile;jtuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,) ve;j ePjpkd;wj;jhYk; Rayhg my;yJ RaNehf;f nray;ghLfSf;fhd Fw;wj;jpw;fhf jz;bf;fg;glhjtuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ mtuJ tof;fpy; Fw;wj; jz;lid Fw;wj; jPu;g;Gfspd; gjtpy; ,Ue;J mfw;wg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. <) jkpoPo kf;fspd; eyDf;Ff; Nflhd gpw ehLfspypUe;J Nrit> jFepiy my;yJ nghUspay; ed;ik milahjtuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. c) murikg;gpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sthW eh.f.j. nfhs;fpd;wtuha; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

1.4.4

murhq;fj;jpd;

Nehf;fq;fis

Vw;Wf;

muritapd; gjtpf; fhyk;

muritapd; gjtpf;fhyk; gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. muritapd; gjtpf;fhyk; mjd; KjyhtJ mku;tpy; ,Ue;J Ie;J 5 Mz;Lfs; MFk;.KjyhtJ muritapd; gjtpf;fhyk; murikg;G (tpjpfs;) jdNjw;Gr; nra;ag;gl;l gpd; te;j KjyhtJ mku;tpy; ,Ue;J %d;W tUlk; MFk;. xt;Nthu; muritapd; gjtpf;fhyKk; Mz;Lfs; vd;gjhf ,Uf;Fk;.

1.4.5

muritapd;;

Kjy;

mku;tpy;

,Ue;J

%d;W

muritapd; mkh;Tfs;

muritj; jiytu; jhkhfNt my;yJ ngUk;ghd;ikahd murit cWg;gpdu;fspd; Ntz;LNfhSf;F ,zq;f muritapd; $l;lj;Jf;F Neuk;> ,lk;> fhymsT Fwpj;J miog;G tpLg;ghu;.

1.4.6

muritapy; thf;fspj;jy;

,e;j murikg;gpd; cWg;GfspYk; gpw toptiffspYk;; topnra;ag;gl;Ls;sit jtpu> muritapd; gpw gzpfs; ahTk; rhjuz ngUk;ghd;ik thf;fpdhy; jPh;T nra;ag;gLk;. gzpg; nghUl;ghLfs; njhlh;ghf thf;Ffspy; rhprk epiy Vw;gLkhdhy;> muritj; jiyth; jk; tpUg;Ghpikapd; Nghpy; KbntLf;Fk; thf;F mspg;gjd; %yk; mg;nghUl;ghl;Lf;Fj; jPh;T fhzyhk;.

7


1.4.7

muritapd; epiwntz;

murit cWg;gpdh;fspd; nkhj;j vz;zpf;ifapy; %d;wpnyhU gq;fpdh; je;jpUe;jhy;> ve;jg; nghUl;ghL Fwpj;Jk; jPh;T fhz mjw;F chpik cz;L.

1.4.8

tUif

muritapd; eilKiw tpjpfs;

murit ,e;j murikg;gpd; toptiffSf;F ,zq;f nkhj;j cWg;gpdh;fspy; %d;wpy; ,U gq;Ff;F Nkw;gl;lth;fspd; xg;GjNyhL eilKiw tpjpfisAk; $l;l topKiwiaAk; tFj;Jf;nfhs;Sk;. ,t;thwhd tpjpfs; mJ Kjy; nraYf;F tUk;.

1.4.9

mtrur; rl;lq;fs; gpwg;gpj;jy;

m) muritapdhy; ,aw;wg;gl;L gpujkUf;F mDg;gg;gLk; rl;lKd;tbT my;yJ Kd;nkhopT vJthapDk; mth; mjw;F ,irtspj;j clNd rl;;lkhff; fUjg;gLk;. ,t;thwhd rl;lj;jpw;F xg;Gjy; mspg;gjh vd;gij gpujku; 14 Ntiy-ehl;fSf;Fs; KbT nra;a Ntz;Lk;;> my;yJ mth; jf;fit vdf; fUjg;gLk; ghpe;JiufNshL Kd;nkhopit mf;fhyj;jpw;Fs; muritj; jiytUf;Fj; jpUg;gp mDg;gyhk;. mjd; gpwF> eh.f.j.m. murit Kd;nkhopTf;fhd gpujku;; ghpe;Jiufs; kPJ fye;jha;T nra;J> mLj;j 14 Ntiy-ehl;fSf;Fs; kWxg;GjYf;fhfg; gpujkUf;F mij mspj;jpLk;. M) murit mkh;tpy; ,y;yhj Neuj;jpy; ngUKf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j rpf;fNyJk; vOe;J muritiaf; $l;l Ntz;ba mtruj; Njit vOkhdhy;> gpujku;> mikr;ruit cWg;gpdh;fspd; ngUk;ghd;ikAld; ,zq;fpg;Ngha; mtrur; rl;lq;fs; gpwg;gpf;fyhk;. ,tw;Wf;Fr; rl;lj;jpw;Fhpa mNj typik ,Uf;Fk;. ,) Nkw;Fwpj;jthW gpwg;gpf;fg;gLk; mtrur; rl;lq;fs; vijAk; muritj; jiytu; Clhf muritf;F %d;W Ntiy-ehl;fSf;Fs; mDg;gp itf;f Ntz;Lk;. murit cWg;gpdu;fs;; mLj;J tUk; mku;tpy; fye;jha;T nra;J mtw;iwj; jpUj;jNth> khw;wNth> ePf;fNth nra;ayhk;. 1.4.10 rpwg;Gg; nghJ murit

m) mikr;ruit> muritj; jiyth;> Jizj; muritj;jiyth; Kd;nkhoptpd; Nghpy; rpwg;Gg; nghJ muritiaf; $l;lyhk;.

MfpNahhpd;

$l;L

M) ,g;gb xU $l;lj;jpw;fhd gpujpepjpfspd; ,iagpy; muritapd; cWg;gpdh;fs; ,lk;ngWtu;. mikr;ruit muritAld fye;jhNyhrpj;J> me;j mku;tpw;fhd jpl;lk;> fhyk; kw;Wk; ,lj;ijf; $l;lhf KbT nra;Ak;. ,) $l;lj;jpd; jpl;lg; nghUs;> fhyk;> ,lk; Mfpait KbT nra;ag;gl;l gpd;du; muritj;jiyth; ,f;$l;lj;jpw;Fhpa mwptpj;jiy 15 ehl;fSf;Fs; ntspapl Ntz;Lk;.

1.5

murit cWg;gpdu;fs; murit cWg;gpdu;fspd; cupikfs; gpd;tUkhW mikAk;.

1.5.1

murit cWg;gpdh;fspd; chpik

muritapd; mkh;Tfspy; tpthjj;jpYk; my;yJ tpsf;fNkJk; mspg;gjw;Fk;> ngw;wtuhtu;. 1.5.2

murit cWg;gpdh;fs; gjtpNaw;G my;yJ cWjp vLj;jy;

8

fUj;jhlypYk; gq;Nfw;gjw;Fk;> ghpe;Jiu thf;fspg;gjw;Fk; cWg;gpdh;fs; cupik


murit cWg;gpdh; xt;nthUtUk; jkJ Kjy;Kiw muritf;F r%fkspj;J ,Uf;ifapy; mku;tjw;F Kd; muritj; jiyth; my;yJ Jizj; jiythpd; Kd;epiyapy; my;yJ mth; rhh;gpy; mkh;j;jg;gLfpd;w xUthpd; Kd;> rl;lk; Fwpj;Jiuj;Js;s tbtpy; gjtpNaw;Gk;> cWjpnkhop vLg;Gk; Nkw;nfhz;L xg;gkpLthh;. ,e;j eilKiw Kbahky; NghFk; NghJ> Gjpjhfj; njupe;njLf;fg;gLk; murit cWg;gpdu;; gjtp Vw;Fk; ehs; muritj; jiytuhy; jPu;khdpf;fg;gLk;. 1.5.3

rl;lKd;tbTfs; mwpKfKk; ,aw;wYk;

murit cWg;gpdh; vtUk; murit tpjpfspy; Fwpj;Jiuj;Js;sgb rl;l Kd;tbT my;yJ jPu;khdk; VJk; mwpKfk; nra;tjw;Fk;> jpUj;jk; VJk; Kd;nkhoptjw;Fk; chpik cilatuhthh;. 1.5.4

muritapd;; cWg;gpdh; cWg;Gupik ePf;fk;

m)

muritapd; cWg;gpdh; vtNuDk; gjtpNaw;w gpd; mtuJ elj;ij muritapd; jFjpfSf;F ,zq;fp tuhnjdj; njhpe;jhy;> ,J Fwpj;J newpKiw Mizaj;jpw;F (Ethics commission) mwptpf;fg;gLk;. newpKiw Mizak; ,Jgw;wp tprhuiz nra;J cWg;gpdu; vtiuahtJ ePf;f Ntz;Lk; vdj; njuptpj;jhy; me;j mwpf;if muritj; jiytu; Clhf muritapy; jhf;fy; nra;ag;gLk;. ,J Fwpj;J newpKiw Miza mwpf;if muritapy; tpthjpf;fg;gl;L; muritapd; %d;wpy; ,uz;L (2/3) ngUk;ghd;ikapdhy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;lhy; mth; murit cWg;gpdh; nghWg;gpypUe;J tpyf;fg;gLthu;..

M)

murit cWg;gpdh;; ,t;thW ePf;fg;gl;lhy;> gjtp tpyfpdhy;;> mjpypUe;J 90 ehl;fSf;Fs; eilngWk; Nju;jy; topahf fhyp ,lk; epug;gg;gLk;.

1.6 cWg;gpdiuj; jpUg;gpaiof;Fk; ,aq;FKiw murit cWg;gpdh; vtUk; eh.f.j.m. Nehf;fq;fSf;Fk; Fwpf;Nfhs;fSf;Fk; tpjj;jpy; nrhy;;topahfNth> nray;topahfNth ele;J nfhz;ljw;fhf> eh.f.j.m. Nehf;fq;fSf;Fk; Fwpf;Nfhs;fSf;Fk; gq;fspg;Gr; nra;ahjjw;fhf> eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpy; jkJ epiyiaj; jtwhfg; gad;gLj;jpajw;fhf thf;fhsh;fshy;; jpUg;gpaiof;fg;glyhk;;.

Gwk;ghd my;yJ my;yJ njhFjp

muritapd; ve;j Xh; cWg;gpdiuAk; jpUg;gpaiog;gjhdhy; mjw;fhd eilKiwiaj; njhlq;Fk; nghUl;L cWg;gpdiuj; Njh;e;njLj;j ehl;bd; Nju;jy; njhFjpapy; gq;Fgw;wpa thf;fhsu; njhifapy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L (⅔) gq;Ff;F Nkw;gl;lth;fSk;> Nghl;bapd;wpj; njupT nra;ag;gl;l murit cWg;gpduhapd; mtuJ njhFjpapd; thf;fhsu; gl;baypYs;s nkhj;j thf;fhsu;fspy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L (⅔) gq;fpw;F Nkw;gl;ltu;fSk; mtiuj; jpUg;gpaiog;gjw;fhd fhuzj;ijf; Fwpg;gpLk; tpz;zg;gj;jpy; ifnahg;gkpl;L gpd;tUk; Kiwapy; (1.6.1) muritj; jiytUf;F mDg;Gjy; Ntz;Lk;. 1.6.1

muritj; jiytUf;F mDg;Gk; eltbf;ifiag; gpd;tUk; Kiwapy; Nkw;nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

1.6.2

thf;fhsu; Kiwg;ghLk;> gbtKk;> Nju;jy; Mizaupd; nraw;ghLk;

m) jpUg;gpaiof;Fk; ,aq;FKiwapy; gq;F gw;w tpUk;Gk; njhFjp thf;fhsu;fs;> Nju;jy; Mizauplk; jkJ ngaiug; gjpT nra;J njhlu; ,yf;fk; nfhz;l Fw;wg;gjpTg; gbtj;ij mQ;ry; ClhfNth> kpd;dQ;ry; ClhfNth ngwyhk;. M) gbtj;jpy; jk;ikg; gw;wpa tptuq;fisAk; jkJ njhFjp murit cWg;gpdu; gw;wpa tptuq;;fisAk;> mtiuj; jpUg;gpaiog;gjw;Fupa fhuzq;fisAk; njupag;gLj;JtNjhL> mtw;wpw;Fg; nghWg;Ngw;W cWjp nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,) cWjp nra;j gbtj;ij ehL fle;j jkpoPo murhq;fj;jpd; Nju;jy; MizaUf;F

9


mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. <) Nju;jy; Mizau; gbtq;fisr; rupghu;g;gNjhL> NjitNaw;gbd; Fw;wk; Rkj;jpatu;fis mioj;J tprhuizAk; nra;ayhk;. c) eh.f.j.m Nju;jy; Mizahsu; Kiwg;ghL gw;wpa cz;ik epiyikfis cWjp nra;jgpd; jkJ Fw;wg;gjpTg; gbtj;ij muritj; jiytUf;F mDg;gp itj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. C) xU thf;fhsUf;F xU Kiwg;ghl;Lg; gbtNk nry;YgbahFk;. gpujp nra;ag;gl;lit nry;YgbahfhJ. 1.6.3

jpUg;gpaiog;G njhlu;ghd muritj;jiytupd; nraw;ghL

m) jpUg;gpaioj;jy; njhlu;ghd tptuq;fs; Nju;jy; MizahsuplkpUe;J fpilf;fg; ngw;wJk; muritj; jiytu; gpujkuplk; njhlu;G nfhz;L ,g;nghUl;ghl;bw;fhd njupTf;FO gw;wpa tptuq;fis Muha;jy; Ntz;Lk;. M) Ma;tpd; gpd; muritj; jiytu; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fspd; jd;ikf;Nfw;g my;yJ VO cWg;gpdu; nfhz;l njupTf;FOit mku;j;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

%d;W>

Ie;J

,) njupTf;FOTf;F jiytu; my;yJ nrayhsu; xUtiu muritj;jiytu; mku;j;jy; Ntz;Lk;. njupTf;FOj; jiytu; my;yJ nrayhsu; Fwpg;gpl;l murit cWg;gpdUf;Ff; Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fspd; tptuq;fis mwptpg;gNjhL> mtw;wpw;F tpsf;fk; jUkhWk;> jd; jug;G epahaq;fis Kd;itf;FkhWk; Nfl;ghu;. <) Fw;wQ;rhl;lg;gl;l murit cWg;gpdu; jd; jug;G epahaq;fis vLj;Jr; nrhy;yTk; rl;l ty;Yeu;fis jdf;fhf mku;j;jpf; nfhs;sTk;;> rhl;rpaq;fisf; FWf;F tprhuiz nra;aTk; mDkjpf;fg;gLthu;. c) midj;J tprhuizfSk; ePjpahd Kiwapy; eilngw;W Kbe;jgpd; njupTf;FOthdJ ePjpgjpfs; FO Nghd;W nraw;gl;L jdJ jPu;g;gpid toq;Fk;;. C) toq;fg;gl;l jPu;g;ghdJ muritj; jiytUf;F mwptpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. muritj; jiytu; mjid mikr;ruitf;Fk; Fwpg;gpl;l cWg;gpdUf;Fk; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mjd;gpd; mj;jPu;g;ghdJ rigapy; rku;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

v) muritapy; ,g;;nghUl;ghL tpthjpf;fg;gLk;NghJ jd; jug;G epahaq;fis vLj;Jiuf;f Fwpg;gpl;l cWg;gpdUf;F cupik cz;L. Mdhy; rl;lj;juzpiaNah rhl;rpfisNah mitapy; Kd;dpWj;j KbahJ. V) mit tpthjj;jpd;gpd; thf;nfLg;Gf;F tplg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. nkhj;j cWg;gpdu;fspy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L (⅔) ngUk;ghd;ik fpilf;fg;ngwpd; Fwpg;gpl;l cWg;gpdu; cWg;Gupikia ,og;ghu;. ,jid muritj; jiytu; mitapy; mwptpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;;. I) %d;wpy; ,uz;L (⅔) ngUk;ghd;ik kWjypf;fg;gl;ljhff; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

fpilf;fg;ngwhtpbd;

mf;Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs;

1.6.4 Nkd;KiwaPL

m) jPu;g;G mwptpf;fg;gl;lgpd; Nkd;KiwaPL nra;ayhk;.

rk;ge;jg;gl;l

cWg;gpdu;

newpKiw

Mizaj;jpw;F

M) Nkd;KiwaPl;by; gpd;tUk; KbTfs; vl;lg;glyhk;. 1. jPu;g;ig ePf;fk; nra;ayhk;> 2. jPu;g;ig Vw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;> 3. jPu;g;gpy; khw;wq;fs; nra;ayhk;.

10


1.7

muritapd; jiyth; kw;Wk; Jizj; jiyth; njupT Kiw muritapd; jiytUk; nra;ag;gLthu;fs;:

Jizj;

jiytUk;

gpd;tUk;

Kiwahy;

njupT

1.7.1

murit xt;nthd;wpdJk; Kjy; mkh;tpd; njhlf;fj;jpy; cWg;gpdh;fs; muritj; jiyth; xUtiuAk; Jizj; jiyth; xUtiuAk; murit cWg;gpdh;fspilapypUe;J ,ufrpa thf;nfLg;G %yk; njupT nra;thu;fs;.

1.7.2

muritj; jiytUk;> Jizj; jiytUk; njupTnra;ag;gl;l gpd;> jj;jkJ gjtpia Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd; mit cWg;gpdu;fSs; %j;Njhuhf milahsk; fhzg;gl;lLtu; Kd;dpiyapy;; rl;lk; Fwpj;Jiuj;Js;s tbtj;jpy; muritj; jiytu; cWjp vLj;Jg; gjtpNaw;ghh;. Jizj;jiytu; muritj; jiytu; Kd;dpiyapy; rl;lk; Fwpj;Jiuj;Js;s tbtj;jpy; cWjp vLj;Jg; gjtpNaw;ghh;.

1.7.3

,t;thW Njh;e;njLf;fg;gLk; muritj; jiyth; my;yJ Jizj; jiyth; muritapd; nkhj;j cWg;gpdh;fspy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L ngUk;ghd;ikapduhy; ePf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lhy;> mth; ,t;thW jPh;khdk; ,aw;wg;gl;l ehspypUe;J gjtpia tpl;lfy;thh;.

1.7.4 muritahdJ muritj; jiyth; my;yJ Jizj; jiytiu ePf;FtJ njhlh;ghd xU nghUl;ghL Fwpj;Jf; $b tpthjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;ifapy; mtu; mj;jifa mkh;tpw;Fj; jiyik tfpf;f khl;lhh;. 1.7.5

muritj; jiyth; my;yJ Jizj; jiyth; ,Uf;ifahdJ mtuJ ePf;fk;> ,wg;G> my;yJ NtW fhuzj;jhy; ntw;wplkhFkhdhy;> mWgJ ehl;fSf;Fs; mtUf;fhd khw;wPL njupTnra;ag;gLthu;.

1.8

Nkyit njupT NkyitahdJ gy;NtW JiwfisAk; Nru;e;j ty;Ydu;fisf; nfhz;ljha; ,Uf;Fk;.

1.8.1

Nkyit 15 cWg;gpdh;fisf; nfhz;ljha; ,Uf;Fk;.

1.8.2

Nkyit cWg;gpdh;fs; muritapd; ghpe;Jiug; gl;baypy; ,lk;ngWNthupy; ,Ue;J gpujkuhy; epakdk; nra;ag;gLthu;fs;. rl;lKd;tbT my;yJ NtWtifr; rl;lk; vJTk; NkyitapypUe;J gpwg;ngLf;f KbahJ.

1.8.3

muritahy; Kd;nkopag;gLk;; ve;jnthU rl;lKk; my;yJ gpujku; my;yJ muritahy;; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpUf;Fk; ve;jntU eltbf;ifiaAk; fUj;Jf; Nfl;lwptjw;fhf Nkyitf;F mDg;gg;glyhk;. Nkyitapd; fUj;J muritiaNah> gpujkiuiaNah fl;Lg;gLj;jhJ.

1.8.4

Nkyitapd; gjtpf; fhyk; muritapd; gjtpf;fhyj;ij xj;jjhf ,Uf;Fk;.

1.9 murikg;Gj; jpUj;jq;fs; cWg;gpdu; vtUk; murikg;Gf;fhd jpUj;jq;fis muritj; jiytu; Clhfr; rl;lthf;ff; FOtpw;F Kd;itf;fyhk;. rl;lthf;ff;FO mj;jpUj;jq;fis Muha;e;J jdJ gupe;Jiuia muritj; jiytu; Clhf midj;J cWg;gpdu;fSf;Fk; ,uz;L thufhyj;jpw;Fs; mDg;gpitf;Fk;. mj;Jld; mj;jpUj;jq;fis vt;tsT tpiutpy; tpthjpf;fNtz;Lk; vd;w fUj;ijAk; njuptpf;Fk;. jpUj;jk; Kd;itf;fg;gl;L vl;L thu fhyj;jpw;Fs; murit $l;lg;gl;Lj; jpUj;jk; njhlHghf tpthjk; elhj;jp thf;nfLg;gpw;F tplNtz;Lk;. thf;nfLg;gpd; NghJ r%fkspj;j cWg;gpdHfspy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;F cWg;gpdHfspd; xg;GjYld;; epiwNtw;wg;gl;l jpUj;jq;fs; murikg;gpDs; NrHj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gLk;. murikg;Gf;Fj; jpUj;jk; vd;gjpy; NrHj;jy;> ePf;Fjy;> khw;wk; nra;jy; Mfpait mlq;Fk;.

1.10 Vida gpw

11


1.10.1 cs;ehl;L mikg;GfSld; cwT

eh.f.j.m. fl;likg;Gf;fs; ,e;;j murikg;gpd; Fwpf;Nfhs;fSf;F Kuzhfhj Nehf;fq;fs; nfhz;l cs;ehl;L mikg;GfNshL $l;lhf Ntiy nra;ayhk;. 1.10.2 Njh;jy; Mizak;

gpujku; eh.f.j.m. muritapd; ghpe;Jiu mbg;gilapy; %d;W cWg;gpdh; nfhz;l Njh;jy; Mizaj;ij epakdk; nra;thu;. tUq;fhy eh.f.j.m. Njh;jy;fis elj;Jtjw;Fj; Njh;jy; Mizak; nghWg;ghFk;. Njh;jy; Miza cWg;gpdh;fs; eh.f.j.m. muritapNyh my;yJ mwpTiuf; FOtpNyh my;yJ Ntnwe;j eh.f.j.m. FOtpYNkh cWg;gpdu;fsha; ,Uj;jy; MfhJ. 1.10.3

kjpAiuf;FO

eh.f.j.m. mikf;fg;gLtjpy; kjpAiuf;FO tfpj;j jdpj;Jtkhd Kf;fpag; gq;fpidf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L ,g;Nghija ,iaGld; kjpAiuf;FO eh.f.j.m. Kjy; gjtpf; fhyj;jpd; NghJk; njhlh;e;J ,aq;fptUk;. murit> mikr;ruit my;yJ gpujku;; ve;j nghUl;ghL my;yJ eltbf;if Fwpj;Jk; kjpAiuf;FOtplk; MNyhrid Nfl;fyhk;. murit> mikr;ruit my;yJ gpujkUf;F kjpAiuf;FO MNyhridfs; toq;fyhk;. Mdhy; kjpAiuf;FOtpd;; MNyhridfs; muritiaNah> gpujkiuNah my;yJ mikr;ruitiaNah fl;Lg;gLj;jhJ. 1.10.4

newpKiw Mizak;

eh.f.j.m. muritapd; ,irTld;; mikr;ruit newpKiw Mizaj;ij epakdk;. ,t;thizaj;jpy; %d;W cWg;gpdu;fs; ,lk;;ngWtu;.

mj;jpahak; 2 ehL fle;j jkpoPo murhq;fj;jpd; jpiwNrup

2.1

epjpaikr;rpd; nghWg;Gf;fs; epjpaikr;Rk; jpiwNrupAk; xU myfhf “epjp mikr;R vd;w ngaupy; nray;gLk;” gpd;tUtd epjpaikr;rpd; Kf;fpar; nraw;ghLfs; MFk;:

2.1.1 eh.f.j.m. tuT-nryTj; jpl;lk;

eh.f.j.m. tuT-nryTj; jpl;lkhdJ muritahy; ,aw;wg;gl;L> gpujkupd; xg;Gjy; ngw Ntz;ba rl;l Mtzk; MFk;. eh.f.j.m. tuT-nryTj; jpl;lj;jpd; ,U mbg;gilf; $Wfs; eh.f.j.m. tutpdq;fSk; eh.f.j.m. nrytPdq;fSk; MFk;. eh.f.j.m. tutpdq;fSf;fhd gy;NtW topfisAk; cWjp nra;a Ntz;Lk;. eh.f.j.m. nrytpdq;fspy; eh.f.j.m. epu;thfr; nryTfs;> eh.f.j.m. Jiwthup xJf;fPLfs;> eh.f.j.m. KjyPl;Lr; nryTfs;> eyj;jpl;l nfhLg;Gfs; MfpaitAk; mlq;Fk;.

12


epjpahz;L

epjpahz;lhdJ [dtup Kjyhk;; ehs; njhlf;fk; brk;gu; 31 tiuahFk;. 2.1.3 epjpaikr;ru;

eh.f.j.m. epjpaikr;rNu nghUshsUk; Mthu;. ,tu; murhq;fr; nrytpdq;fSf;Fk;> tUkhdj; jpul;lYf;Fk; nghWg;ghdtu; Mthu;. ,tu; jpiwNrupapd; jiytuhf ,Ue;J murhq;fj;jpd; nghUspay; nfhs;ifia tbg;gjpy; Kf;fpa gq;Fk; tfpg;ghu;. nghUshsu; eh.f.j.m. murit cWg;gpduhf gpujpepjpfs; mitapy; ,lk;ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. xt;nthU tUlKk; muritapd; ,Wjp mku;tpy;> mLj;jhz;bw;fhd tuTnryTj; jpl;lj;ij muritapy; rku;g;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. 2.1.4 nfhs;if tFg;gpy; epjpaikr;rupd; gq;F

epjpaikr;rpw;F cl;gl;l nfhs;ifg; nghUl;ghLfs; midj;Jf;Fk; epjpaikr;ru; xl;Lnkhj;jg; nghWg;G tfpf;fpwhu;. ,e;jf; nfhs;ifg; nghUl;ghLfspy; nghUspapay; nfhs;if> nghUspapay; tsu;r;rp> nghUspay; nghJeyd;;> tup tpjpg;G> gzf; fld; thq;Fjy;> tq;fp Kiwik> nryhtdp> jkpoPoj;jpy; may; KjyPL;> kf;fs; njhiff; fzpg;Gk; Gs;sptptuq;fSk;;> mz;il ehLfSldhd tu;j;jfk; kw;Wk; epjp cwTfs; Mfpait ,tw;wpy; mlq;Fk;. 2.1.5 tUlhe;j tuT-nryT kjpg;gPL

m) epjpaikr;ru; xU jfty; mwpf;ifiaj; jahupj;J> muritapy; rku;g;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjpy; Jiwthupahf gpd;tUk; nra;jpfis vLj;Jiuf;f Ntz;Lk;: M) mwpf;iff;Fupa fhyj;jpy; xt;nthU Jiwf;Fk; fpilf;ff; $ba my;yJ fpilf;f Ntz;ba njhif> murit me;Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf xJf;fpajhdhYk; rup> my;yJ NtW tifapy; mikr;rfj;jpw;F tug;ngw;w my;yJ tug;ngw Ntz;ba njhifahdhYk; rup Kd; nrd;w epjpahz;Lf;fhd xg;gPl;L tptuq;fNshL $l jug;gl Ntz;Lk;. 2.1.6 tuT-nryT ,ilf;fhy mwpf;if m) tuT-nryT ,ilf;fhy mwpf;ifapd; Nehf;fk; vd;dntdpy;> eh.f.j.m. elg;Gepjp nfhs;iff; Fwpf;Nfhs;fs; kw;Wk; cj;jpfs; gw;wpa mwpf;ifapy; vLj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l epjpf; nfhs;if Fwpf;Nfhs;fSf;Fk;> cj;jpfSf;Fk; vjpu; epWj;jp eh.f.j.m. epjpr; nraw;ghl;il kjpg;gPL nra;a ,lkspg;gjw;fhd ,ilf;fhy jfty; toq;FtjhFk;.

M) MW khj fhyj;Jf;F xUKiw epjpaikr;ru; me;j MW khjq;fspy; eh.f.j.m. epjp epiyia vLj;Jiuf;Fk; tpjj;jpy; ,ilf;fhy tuT-nryT mwpf;if jahupj;J muritapy; rku;g;gpj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

2.1.7

tUlhe;j epjp mwpf;if

m) epjpaikr;ru; xt;nthU epjpahz;Lf;Fk; tUlhe;j epjp mwpf;if jahupf;f Ntz;Lk;. M) tUlhe;j epjp mwpf;if MdJ nghUj;jkhd epjp mwpf;ifr; rl;lfq;fis kjpj;J epjpaikr;ruhy; jPu;khdpf;fg;gLk; tifapYk; tbtpYk; jahupf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;: mjpy; epahakhfg; gpd;tUk; tptuq;fs; ,lk; ngw Ntz;Lk;. i.

xt;nthU epjpahz;L ,WjpapYk; eh.f.j.m.,d; epjp epiyik

ii.

nghJf; fzf;Fg; gupkhw;wq;fs;> mj;Jld;

iii.

me;epjpahz;ilg; nghWj;jtiu gy;NtW eh.f.j.m. mikr;Rfspd; Vida epjpg; gupkhw;wq;fs;.

,) eh.f.j.m.,d; fzf;Ffspy; tuT itf;fg;gl;l gz tpguq;fs;.

13


<) ,e;j epjpahz;bw;Fg; gad;gLj;jg;glhj mz;zsthd njhifapd; mbg;gilapy; mLj;j epjpahz;Lf;F mz;zsthf xJf;fg;gLk; njhiffs;: c) elg;G epjpahz;by;> mikr;ru;fSf;fhf Kd;dPL nra;j gzj;jpypUe;J <Lnra;ag;gl;l nryTfs;> flg;ghLfspd; tptuq;fs;: C) gad;gLj;jg;glhj Kd;dPl;bd; ve;jg; gFjpiaAk; Nru;g;gjw;fhd fhuzq;fs; gw;wpa mwpf;if:

mLj;j

epjpahz;Lf;F

xj;jpr;

v) mtruj; NjitfSf;fhf epjpaikr;rUf;F Kd;dPL nra;ag;gl;l gzj;jpy; ,Ue;J elg;G epjpahz;by; nra;ag;gl;l nfhLg;Gfspd; tptuq;fs;: V)

eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gl;l cWjpia epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf elg;G epjpahz;by; nra;ag;gl;l nfhLg;Gfspd; tptuq;fs;:

I) eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gl;l cWjpia epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhd nfhLg;Gfs; vd;w tifapy; elg;G epjpahz;by; epjpaikr;ruhy; ngwg;gl;l my;yJ kPl;fg;gl;l gz tpguq;fs;: mj;Jld; x) tUlhu;e;j epjp mwpf;ifia jiyik fzf;F jzpf;ifahsu; jzpf;if nra;a Ntz;Lk;. fzf;F jzpf;if nra;ag;gl;l ,e;j tUlhu;e;j epjp mwpf;if muritf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;:

2.2

epjp Nkyhz;ik epjp Nkyhz;ik mikg;gpd; rl;lfk; gpd;tUkhW mikAk;:

2.2.1

Nkyhz;ik mikg;gpd; rl;lfk; eh.f.j.m. jpiuNrupahdJ fhj;jpukhd epjp Nkyhz;ikf; nfhs;iffSf;F Vw;g tuT nryitj; jpl;lkpl;L mwpf;ifapLk; rl;lfk; xd;iw epWtpg; guhkupj;J tu Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ muritapd; Nehf;fkhFk;. ,JNt jkpoPof; Fbkf;fs; midtUf;Fk; rPuhd Kiwapy; epiyj;j r%f> nghUspay; NritfSf;F top tif nra;tjw;fhd mbg;gil MfpwJ. eh.f.j.m. jpiwNrupapd; fhj;jpukhd epjp Nkyhz;ik vd;gJ eh.f.j.m. kw;Wk; mjd; Kfikfspy; eltbf;iffs; njhlu;ghf KOikahfTk; Jy;ypakhfTk; cupa fhyj;jpYk; epjptifj; jfty;fis mwpaj;jUtjw;F toptif nra;tjhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. gpd;tUk; fUj;jhf;fq;fs; ,e;j Nkyhz;ik mikg;gpd; rl;lfkhf mikAk;.

2.2.2 njhFg;G tUtha; eh.f.j.murhq;fjpw;F fpilf;fg;ngWk; vy;yhtpjkhd gzj; tUkhdq;fSk;> mtw;wpd; jd;ik> fhuzk; my;yJ top vJthapDk;.

njhiffSk;

2.2.3

njhFg;G epjpak; njhFg;G epjpak; vdg;gLk; fzf;F Vw;gLj;jgLk;. njhFg;G tUthapy; ,lk; ngWk; gzj;njhif midj;Jk; ,e;jf; fzf;fpy; tuT itf;fg;gLk;;.

2.2.4

nghJf;fzf;F

epjpaikr;ru; Mdtu; mjpfhukspfg; ngw;w itg;G epWtdk; my;yJ epWtdq;fspy; eh.f.j.m. ngaupy; nghJf;fzf;Fj; njhlq;fpg; guhkupj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. gzk; Nrfupf;f cj;jpNahf G+u;t mjpfhuk; mspf;fg;gl;l vtUk;> Nrfupf;Fk; gzj;ij vJtpj fopg;Gkpd;wp epakpf;fg;gl;l tq;fpf; fzf;fpy; 72 kzpj;jpahyj;jpw;Fs; tpl Ntz;Lk;. 2.2.5

cj;juthjk; mspf;fg;gl;l fld; nghWg;Gfs;;

14


eh.f.j.murhq;fj;jhy; cj;juthjk; mspf;fg;gl Ntz;ba fld; ngwy; my;yJ kw;iwa xg;ge;jk; my;yJ cld;gbf;if VJk; ,Ug;gpd;> ,j;jifa cj;juthjj;ij epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf epjpaikr;rUf;F Njitg;gLk; njhifs; vJk; ,Ug;gpd; ,it midj;Jk; njhFg;G epjpaj;jpypUe;J vLj;Jj; jug;gLk;. ,jw;fhf epjpaikr;rupdhy; nfhLf;fg;gl;l njhif njhlu;ghf mtuhy; ngwg;gLk; my;yJ kPl;fg;gLk; njhiffs; VJk; ,Ug;gpd; ,it midj;Jk; njhFg;G epjpaj;jpy; Nru;f;fg;gLk;. 2.2.6

njhFg;G epjpaj;jpypUe;J fld; nfhLg;Gfs;

njhFg;G epjpaj;jpypUe;J nfhLf;fg;gLk; fld;fSf;fhd fhytiuaiufisAk; mt;tg;NghJ epjpaikr;ru; jPu;khdpf;fyhk;. 2.2.7

epge;jidfisAk;>

nghJf;fzf;Fg; NgNuL

gpd;tUtdtw;iw gjpT nra;tjw;fhf epjpaikr;ru;; cWjp nra;a Ntz;Lk;:

NgNuL

xd;iw

epWtp

guhkupj;J

tUk;gb

m)nghJf;fzf;fpyhd nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; M) nghJf;fzf;fpy; ,Ue;J <L nra;a Ntz;ba ,) epjpaikr;rupdhy; epYitfSk;. 2.2.8

nryTfSk;

flg;ghLfSk;.

jPu;khdpf;fg;gLk; Vida nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fSk; fzf;fpd;

eh.f.j.m. mikr;Rj; Jiwfspd; fzf;Ffs;

m) epjpaikr;rupd; vOj;J tbtpyhd xg;GjNyhLk; epjpaikr;ruhy; jPu;khdpf;fg;gLk; epge;jidfSf;Fk; tiuaiwfSf;Fk; ,zq;fTk; eh.f.j.m. mikr;Rj;Jiw xd;W mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;l itg;G epWtdk; my;yJ epWtdq;fspy; fzf;F njhlq;fp guhkupj;J tuyhk;. M) epjpaikr;rupdhy; vOj;J tbtpy; NtWtpjkhf jPu;khdpf;fg; gltpy;iynad;why; ,e;j gpuptpd; fPo; njhlq;fg;ngWk; fzf;F nghJf;fzf;fpd; gFjpahf mikahJ. ,) ,e;jg; gpuptpd; fPo; njhlq;fg;gLk; fzf;fpy; ,Ue;J> ,jd; tpjp KiwfSf;Fk; fl;lisfSf;Fk; cl;gl;L my;yhky; gzk; vLf;ff;; $lhJ. 2.2.9

nghJg; gz tuT

eh.f.j.m. rhu;gpy;> xUtu; nghJg;gzk; jpul;Lfpwhu; my;yJ tug;ngWfpwhu; vd;why;> mtu; tpjpKiwfSf;Fk; fl;lisfSf;Fk; ,zq;f> md;whlk; my;yJ epjpaikr;ru; jPu;khdpf;ff; $ba fhy ,ilntspfspy; mg;gzj;ij nghJf;fzf;fpy; my;yJ 2.2.8.gpuptpd; fPo; njhlq;fg;ngw;w fzf;fpy; nrYj;jptpl Ntz;Lk;.

2.2.10

gzj;ij ntspapLtJ vg;gb

eh.f.j.m. njhFg;G epjpaj;ijr; Nru;e;j nghJg;;gzj;ij kl;LNk nghJf;fzf;fpy; ,Ue;J vLf;fyhk;. m)

,e;jg;

gpuptpw;F

,zq;f

epjpaikr;ru; xU epjpahz;by; vj;jid Kiw NjitNah mj;jid Kiw (1) me;epjpahz;by; nghJf;fzf;fpy; ,Ue;J nghJg;gzj;jpd msitf; fzf;fpl Ntz;Lk;.

nfhLf;f

Ntz;bajhff;

$ba

(2) ,e;jg; nghJg;gz msitf; Fwpj;Jiuj;J> fPo;f; fhZk; ml;ltiz B1,y; fhzg;gLk; tbtj;jpy; my;yJ mNj nghUs;gLk; gbahd xU gj;jpuk; jahupf;f Ntz;Lk;.

15


(3) me;jg;gj;jpuj;jpy;; ifnahg;gkpl;L xg;gilf;f Ntz;Lk;.

mjid

jiyikf;

fzf;Fj;

jzpf;ifauplk;

M) ,e;jg; gj;jpuk; jiyikf; fzf;Fj; jzpf;ifaupd; Nkw;ifnahg;gKk;> gpujkupd; xg;GjYk; ngw;w gpd;du;> mJNt epjpaikr;ru; nghJf;fzf;fpy; ,Ue;J gzk; vLf;f MizapLtjw;F top nra;Ak;; cupikr; rhd;W MFk;. ,) gj;jpuj;jpy; Nkw;ifnahg;gkpLtjw;F Kd;djhf jiyik fzf;F jzpf;ifau; mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; njhiffs; mg;NghJ rl;lg;gb fpilf;Fk; epiyapy; cs;sdth vd;gij cWjp nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Nkw;ifnahg;gkpl;lgpd;du; jiyik fzf;F jzpf;ifau; mg;gj;jpuj;ij epjpaikr;rUf;F jpUg;gp mDg;g Ntz;Lk;. epjpaikr;ru; mjid xg;GjYf;fhfTk; ifnahg;gj;jpw;fhfTk; gpujkuplk; rku;g;gpj;J gpwF mjid Nfhg;gpypl Ntz;Lk;. 2.2.11

nghJf;fzf;Fg; gz KjyPL

m) nghJf;fzf;fpd; tuTf; fzf;fpy; ,Uf;Fk; ve;jg; gzj;ijAk; epjpaikr;ru; KjyPL nra;tjhdhy; eh.f.j.m. mikr;ruitf;Fk; Kd;nkhopT rku;g;gpj;J xg;Gjy; ngwNtz;Lk;. (mikr;ruit rhu;gpy;) gpujkUk; jiyikf; fzf;F jzpf;ifaUk; xg;Gjy; Mtzj;jpy; xg;gkpl;lgpd; epjpaikr;ru; mjd; kPJ eltbf;if Nkw;nfhs;syhk;. M) 2.2.11 (m) gpuptpd; fPo; KjyPL nra;ag;gl;l gzj;jpy; ,Ue;J tug;ngWtJ vJthapWk; 2.2.3 gpuptpy; $wpAs;sgb njhFg;G epjpaj;jpy; tuT itf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

2.3

fzf;Fj; jzpf;ifr; nrayfk; fzf;Fj; jzpf;ifr; nrayfj;jpd; nraw;ghLfs; gpd;tUkhW mikAk;

2.3.1

jiyikf; fzf;F jzpf;ifau;

fzf;fhsu;-ehafkhdtu; Rje;jpukhf nray;glf; $batuhfTk;> mNjrkak; eh.f.j.m.,d; cWg;gpdu; my;yhj xUtuhfTk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,tu; muritf;Fk;> mikr;ruitf;Fk;> epjpj;Jiw epu;thfk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l jdJ Rje;jpukhd> epGzj;Jt fUj;Jf;fis toq;Fthu;. rl;lG+u;tkhd NjitfisAk; kw;Wk; nghJ Jiwfspd; tsq;fis vt;thW nghUj;jkhdjhfTk;> Mf;fG+u;tkhdjhfTk; gad;gLj;jyhk; Nghd;w fUj;Jf;fisAk; ,tu; toq;Fthu;. fzf;fhsu;-ehafk; Mdtu; guprPyid nra;tjw;F Njitahd fzf;Ffs;> gjpTfs;> Mtzq;fs;> jfty;fs; midj;ijAk; jilapd;wp ngw;W KOr; Rje;jpuj;Jld; ,aq;Ftjw;F cupj;Jilatu; Mthu;.

2.3.2

jiyik fzf;Fj; jzpf;ifau; mku;j;jk;

muritapd; Kd; nkhoptpd; ngaupy;> gpujku; 2.3.3

,tiu njupT nra;thu;.

jiyikf; fzf;F jzpf;ifaupd; nghWg;Gf;fs;

fzf;fhsu;-ehafk; jdf;Fj; Njitahd Neuq;fspy;> jFjp tha;e;jtu;fisAk;> nghUj;jkhdtu;fisAk; jdf;F cjtpf;F jd;Dila NtiyfSf;F mku;j;Jthu;. 2.3.4

jiyik fzf;F jzpf;ifau;; gjtpapy; ,Ue;J ,ilePf;fk;

m) mikr;ruit gpd;tUk; re;ju;g;gq;fspy; fzf;fhsu;-ehafj;ij gjtpapypUe;J ,ilePf;fyhk;. (1) nghUj;jkw;wtu; vdf; fUJk; gl;rj;jpy; (2) filikia myl;rpak; nra;gtuhf ,Ug;gpd;

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(3) Neu;ikaw;w nray;ghLfs; cilatuhf ,Ug;gpd; M) mikr;ruit fl;lhakhf> (1) gjtp ,ilePf;fj;jpw;fhd fhuzq;fis tpsf;fp mwpf;if xd;wpid fzf;fhsu;ehafj;jpw;F ifaspf;f Ntz;Lk;. (2) gjtp ,ilePf;fk; nra;ag;gl;L 7 ehl;fSf;Fs; mwpf;ifapd; gpujpia jiytuplk; ifaspf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,) fzf;fhsu;-ehafk; ,t;mwpf;iff;fhd gjpiy muritj; jiytuplk;

muritj;

rku;g;gpf;fyhk;.

<) fzf;fhsu;-ehafj;ij muritapd; jPu;khdj;jpd; gb> mtupd; gjtpapypUe;J ePf;fg; glyhk; my;yJ kPz;Lk; gjtpapy; mku;j;jg; glyhk;. 2.3.5

jiyikf; fzf;Fj; jzpf;ifau; gjtp ntw;wplk;

fzf;fhsu;-ehafj;jpd; gjtp gpd;tUk; re;ju;g;gq;fspy; ntw;wplkhfyhk; m) kuzpj;jhy; M) muritj; jiytuplk; vOj;J %yk; gjtp tpyfy; fbjj;ij ifaspj;jy; ,) muritapd; cWg;gpduhf njupT nra;ag;gl;lhy;

2.3.6.

nghJepjpapy; ,Ue;J Mf;fk; ngw;w mikg;Gfs; kw;Wk; jpl;lq;fs; gw;wpa Ma;T

epjpaikr;rupd; Ntz;LNfhSf;F ,zq;f> fzf;fhsu;-ehafk; Mdtu; nghJg;gzj;jpy; cUthf;fg;gl;l nraw;jpl;lq;fisAk;> mtw;wpd; rpwg;Gg;gad;fisAk;> yhghfuq;fisAk; fl;lhakhf gupNrhjpg;ghu;. gupNrhjidapd; KbTfis> fzf;fhsu;-ehafk; xU mwpf;ifahfj; jahupg;ghu;. ,e;j mwpf;ifapd; gpujpfis gpujkUf;Fk;> epjpaikr;rUf;Fk; fl;lhakhf rku;g;gpg;ghu;. 2.3.7.

jiyik fzf;F jzpf;ifaupd; tUlhu;e;j mwpf;if

fzf;fhsu;-ehafj;jpd; mwpf;ifahdJ mtupd; fzf;F rk;ge;jkhd mtjhdq;fisAk;> fUj;Jf;fisAk; eh.f.j.m.,d; epjp ,Ug;gpd; mbg;gilapy; nfhz;L mike;jpUf;Fk;. Fwpg;ghf> ,t;twpf;ifahdJ eh.f.j.m.,d; elg;G epjpahz;L nray;ghLfisAk;> epjp epiyikfisAk; nfhz;l xU FWfpa Ma;thf ,Uf;Fk;. ,it> fle;j tUlj;jpd; ngWNgWfisAk;> vjpu;fhy fzpg;gPl;L jpl;lq;fisAk; nfhz;l Mha;tpd; mbg;gilapy; mike;jpUf;Fk;.

m) ,t; mwpf;ifahdJ fzf;fhsu;-ehafj;jpd; mgpg;gpuhaj;jpd; gb> (1) fle;j epjpahz;by; epjpaikr;rupdhy; fhl;lg;gl;l fzf;FfSk;> gjpTfSk; epjp gupkhw;wq;fSf;fhd epjpaikr;ruhdtupd; mwpf;ifia gpujp gypf;fpd;wdth> (2) xt;nthU nghJepu;thfj;JiuapdJk; epjp mwpf;iffs; fle;j Mz;bd; epjp epiyikfisAk;> nraw;jpl;lq;fspd; ngWNgWfisAk;> gzg;Gof;fq;fisAk; gpujpgypf;fpd;wdth> (3) epjpaikr;ruhdtupdhNyh my;yJ nghJJiwfspdhNyh fl;Lg; gLj;jg; gl;bUf;Fk;> ngw;Wf;nfhz;l> nrytpl;l> KjyPL nra;ag;gl;l gzk;> thq;fp tpw;w nrhj;Jf;fs;> nfhLf;fg;gl Ntz;ba fld;fs; Nghd;wit NghjpasT epahakhd cj;juthjq;fs;> epjpaikr;rupdJk; nghJJiwfspdJk; epjp gupkhw;wq;fs; rupahd KiwapYk; rl;luPjpahdit vd;gjidAk;> mj;Jld;

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(4) fzf;fhsu;-ehafk; Mdtu; VjhtnjhU tplaj;jpid muritf;Nfh my;yJ murhq;fj;jpw;Nfh ftdj;jpw;F nfhz;L tu tpUk;gpd; mijf;nfhz;L tUjy;. M) fzf;fhsu;-ehafk; gpd;tUk; gpujpfis fl;lhakhf muritj; jiytuplk; ifaspj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. (1) fzf;fhsu;-ehafj;jpd; mwpf;if (2) nghJj;Jiwfspd; epjp mwpf;iffSk;> epjpaikr;ruhdtupd; mwpf;iffSk; Kf;fpaj;Jtkhdjhf fUJk; gl;rj;jpy; mtw;iw mtu; gpuRupf;FkhW muritj; jiytuplk; gupe;Jiuf;Fk; mwpf;if. 2.3.8

muritapy; rku;g;gpf;f Ntz;ba mwpf;iffSk; gpw Mtzq;fSk;

fzf;fhsu;-ehafj;jplk; ,Ue;J ngwg;gl;l mwpf;iffisAk; kw;iwa Mtzq;fisAk;> muritj; jhdtu; Mdtu;> mLj;j mku;tpd; Kjy; ehSf;F gpe;jhky;> mtw;iw muritf;F fl;lhakhf rku;g;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

epjp Nkyhz;ik ml;ltiz B1

fzf;fhsu; - ehafj;jpw;F> gpd;tUk; NjitfSf;fhf __________________________________ nfl;bahd epjpapypUe;J vLf;fg;gLk;____________ nghJg; gzj;njhif ___________ vd;w fhy tiuaiwf;Fs; nfhLg;gdTfSf;fhf Njitg;gLfpd;wJ.

jpfjp:________________________

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______________________


epjpaikr;ru;

epjpaikr;rUf;F> Nkw;$wg;gl;Ls;s gzj;njhifia rl;luPjpahf ePq;fs; gad;gLj;jyhk; vd;W ehd; cWjpg; gLj;Jfpd;Nwd;. nfl;bahd epjpapypUe;J ,e;jj; njhifia ePq;fs; vLj;J ghtpf;fyhk; vd;W ,jd; %yk; cq;fSf;F mjpfhuk; mspf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

jpfjp :____________________

_______________________ fzf;fhsu;-ehafk;

jpfjp: ____________________

_______________________ gpujku;

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Tgte Tamil constitution 03 09 2013 amended  
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