Texas Dental Association Patient Publication
Educate while you wait.
IN THIS ISSUE:
Amazing dental facts!
Letters to the Tooth Fairy! How kids can defeat MONSTER MOUTH! And MORE!
Periodicals supplement to the Texas Dental Journal, December 2014
W hat’s Smart Mouth™, a bi-annual publication of the Texas Dental Association (TDA), is produced for the purpose of providing oral health information to the public. Member dentists can access electronic versions of Smart Mouth™ on tda.org. The information included in each edition of Smart Mouth™ is provided by various TDA councils and committees. The material contained herein is for educational purposes and is not intended for diagnostic or treatment decisions. Please contact your dentist for oral health concerns and questions. Visit tda.org for more oral health information and resources. For comments and suggestions about Smart Mouth™, please contact the Texas Dental Association, attn Managing Editor Nicole Scott, 1946 S IH 35 Ste 400, Austin, TX 78704; Phone 512-443-3675; Email firstname.lastname@example.org. ©2014 Texas Dental Association Daniel L. Jones, DDS Editor Lee Ann Johnson Director of Member Services & Administration Staﬀ Liaison to Council on Membership Nicole Scott Managing Editor Staﬀ Liaison to Communications Committee Billy Callis Publications Coordinator The persons shown in photographs in this publication are stock photography models (Models) and are not actual patients of, nor are they aﬃliated with, the Texas Dental Association and indirect parent companies, subsidiaries, or subsidiaries of its parent companies ("Aﬃliates"). Texas Dental Association has obtained the rights to use the photographs via license agreements with certain third party stock photography companies, and Texas Dental Association's use of the photographs is in compliance with the terms of those license agreements. The photographs showing the Models are used in this publication for illustrative purposes only. The Models do not personally endorse Texas Dental Association, or any products, services, causes, or endeavors associated with, or provided by, Texas Dental Association or any of Texas Dental Association's Aﬃliates. The context in which the photographs are used in this publication is not intended to reﬂect personally on any of the Models shown in the photographs. Texas Dental Association, its respective oﬃcers, directors, employees, agents, and/or independent contractors assume no liability for any consequence relating directly or indirectly to the use of the photographs showing the Models in this publication.
contents meet the dental team.............................................
a lesson from our prehistoric ancestors....................................
dentistry in the 18th century.......................................................................
at the root of the tooth fairy..................
United States of dentition......................................
defeat monster mouth...............................................
Look for the next issue of Smart Mouth, available only in your dentist’s oﬃce!
Who are these people, and what are they
doing in my dentist’s office?
Meet the DENTAL TEAM A healthy mouth is a smart mouth, and it takes a team of health care professionals to care for your teeth – all 20
FRONT OFFICE TEAM I am the RECEPTIONIST and likely
appointments, I coordinate comfortable from the beginning.
As the OFFICE MANAGER, I oversee When you check out, I make sure your easy, and I am involved in the day-to-
PATIENT CARE TEAM I am the head of the dental team. I am the DENTIST
training. I’m the DENTAL HYGIENIST. As a dental hygienist I can take x-rays and do any of the work of a dental assistant. My primary duty is to perform dental prophylaxis, cleaning and polishing of teeth during recall visits. I may also talk to you about how to care for your teeth properly. I’m a dental hygienist in Texas, I have completed at least 2 years of dental hygiene training and passed several training requirements. I am a great so please feel free to ask how you can improve your oral health!
I am the DENTAL ASSISTANT! Dental assistants have many important jobs in a dental the front desk, maintain In fact, the work of an assistant varies greatly. In will teach the assistant how to complete his or her tasks, and assistants in Texas do not need to although some may.
A Lesson from Our Leafy Greens Are Good
By Jennifer Bone, DDS We’ve all heard this sage advice again and again: “A diet rich in nutrients and vitamins is good for you!” or “Eat your leafy greens!” Eating a diet of whole foods is good for you, no doubt. And, it seems that our early ancestors understood that plants were healthy nourishment, long before the development of agriculture. In summer 2014, an international team of researchers excavated 9,000-year-old skeletons in southern Sudan. The researchers found that plants played a signiﬁcant role in their diets. According to research from the University of York, in England, “By extracting chemical compounds and microfossils from dental calculus (calciﬁed dental plaque) from ancient teeth, the researchers were able to provide an entirely new perspective on our ancestors’ diets. Their research suggests that purple nut sedge (Cyperus rotundus) — today regarded as a nuisance weed — formed an important part of the prehistoric diet (1).”
Prehistoric Ancestors: for Your Body ... and Teeth
Purple nut sedge is chock full of carbohydrates, plus it is medicinally useful and is aromatic. The researchers found evidence of smoke, concluding that our ancestors cooked the weed and other plants. Also according to the University of York: “The researchers found ingestion of the purple nut sedge in both pre-agricultural and agricultural periods. They suggest that the plant’s ability to inhibit Streptococcus mutans, a bacterium which contributes to tooth decay, may have contributed to the unexpectedly low level of cavities found in the agricultural population (1).” Purple nut sedge might be a nuisance weed today, but our ancestors enjoyed its beneﬁts as it contains lysine, an essential amino acid; they understood its importance to their health and nutrition. And, that’s something we can all chew on — healthy foods contribute to overall health, which contributes to good oral health. So, eat your leafy greens! Dr Bone is a general dentist in Kerrville. She is a member of the TDA Communications Committee. References 1. Accessed 11/17/14: http://www.york.ac.uk/news-andevents/news/2014/research/tooth-plaque-ancestors-diet/
Background image: Purple nut sedge photo by Jeevan Jose, accessed via wikipedia.org.
Pierre Fauchard, a French surgeon, publishes
The Surgeon Dentist, A Treatise on Teeth (Le Chirurgien Dentiste). Fauchard is credited as being the Father of Modern Dentistry because his book was the ﬁrst to describe a comprehensive system for the practice of dentistry including basic oral anatomy and function, operative and restorative techniques, and denture construction.
Paul Revere places advertisements in a Boston newspaper oﬀering his services as a dentist. In 1776, in the ﬁrst known case of post-mortem dental forensics, Revere veriﬁes the death of his friend, Dr Joseph Warren, in the
Claude Mouton describes a gold crown and post to be
retained in the root canal. He also recommends white enameling for gold crowns for a more esthetic appearance.
Frenchman Nicolas Dubois de Chemant receives the ﬁrst patent for porcelain teeth.
Battle of Breed’s Hill, when he identiﬁes the bridge that he constructed for Warren.
Background Image: Pierre Fauchard, the “Father of Modern Dentistry”
Portrait of Paul Revere, by John Singleton Copley
John Baker, the earliest medically-trained dentist
to practice in America, emigrates from England and sets up practice.
Isaac Greenwood practices as the ﬁrst native-born American dentist.
John Greenwood, son of Isaac Greenwood and one of
George Washington’s dentists, constructs the ﬁrst known dental foot engine. He adapts his mother’s foot treadle spinning wheel to rotate a drill.
A spinning wheel, early 16th century
Josiah Flagg, a prominent American dentist, constructs the ﬁrst chair made speciﬁcally for dental patients. To a wooden Windsor chair, Flagg attaches an adjustable headrest, plus an arm extension to hold instruments.
Text reprinted with permission from the American Dental Association. For more information about taking care of your mouth, including products that have earned the ADA Seal of Acceptance, visit the ADA’s public website MouthHealthy.org. Portraits of Pierre Fauchard and Paul Revere, and the spinning wheel image, are in the public domain, accessed via wikipedia.org.
National Tooth Fairy Day is February 28, 2015. Are you ready for the real story about this bewitching brownie? Do you want the tooth, the whole tooth, and nothing but the tooth? Here ‘tis: The Tooth Fairy is alive and well, gathering those baby teeth to … build a castle? No, no … to make jewelry, that’s it! Or, maybe she grinds them into fairy dust. While we don’t know exactly what becomes of those deciduous canines, molars, and incisors, we do know that the elusive and magical sprite visits children’s rooms at night to exchange their lost teeth for a special prize.
Tooth FROM KIDS Zoey Tait, 7 years old, Argyle, Texas Niece of TDA Exhibits Manager Paula Lerash
She’s been at it for hundreds of years, according to American legend, which is sprinkled with European folklore. Medieval Europeans buried the lost baby teeth. If a witch got a hold of one, big trouble was bound to occur! (Perhaps, this is why we “bury” the teeth under the pillow.) The Vikings upped the ante and paid their children for the lost teeth — after all, they had magical powers. (The teeth, not the Vikings.) Then, along came the Tooth Mouse, who scampered in and out of the houses in Spanish-speaking countries, taking the teeth with him. Eventually, this all became the legend of the Tooth Fairy, our favorite pixie princess of the pearly whites. She puts a smile on all of our faces, making room for those big, permanent teeth.
Fairy IN TEXAS
Kaycie Banton, 7 years old, Burnet, Texas Daughter of TDA Smiles Foundation Access to Care Committee Member Jennifer Banton, RDH
This President’s Day, as you remember our past leaders, also remember to ﬂoss. Check out these commanders-in-chief who commanded a lot of care for their teeth.
During the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant traveled to Mississippi for more than 6 days carrying no baggage, save for a lone toothbrush he kept in his breast pocket (2). The 18th president of the United States also wore false teeth and reportedly smoked 20 cigars a day. Adding insult to injury, a careless ship steward tossed President Grant’s dentures overboard on a world tour in 1877 (3).
The 32nd president of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt wore a partial denture. Though he was never photographed without his dental aid, Roosevelt’s son reported that his father often misplaced it and spent a good deal of time trying to relocate the artiﬁcial teeth (2). One of the best presidential smilers of all time is Jimmy Carter, the 39th president. When President Carter smiles, almost all of his perfectly white, aligned upper and lower molars are visible. It’s no coincidence that his mother Lillian once bragged, “My son’s teeth are excellent, in fact, perfect” (2). Cindy Flanagan, DDS, a TDA member and general dentist in Houston, contributed to this article. Visit her website at ﬂanagansmiles.com. References 1. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1992-12-06/features/9204210345_1_dental-care-dentist-dental-problems/2 2. http://ﬂanagansmiles.com/houston-news-and-events/wooden-teeth-rubber-jaws-fun-dental-facts-presidents/ 3. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/presidents/ulysses-s-grant-1391125.html All images are in the public domain, accessed via wikipedia.org.
Texas. With more than 8,800 members, the TDA understands
health care for you and your family. 1 9 4 6 S I H 3 5 S t e 4 0 0 A u s t i n , T X 7 8 7 0 4 P : 5 1 2 - 4 4 3 - 3 6 7 5 t d a . o r g