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Piece

視為單元的物件。

A thing considered as a unit or an element of a larger thing, quantity.

Cake

可被聚集的單元們。

A mass, slab, or crust of a solidified or compressed substance.

Piece of cake

一個大家都容易做到的設計策略。

Informal Something(a method) very easy to do.


An apartment dwelling to me is just like a cake. Different size slice is just like different spaces in the dwelling. My concept is to let each dwelling holder donate a piece of their “cake”, so all the pieces of cakes actually combine together as a new cake, that it can improve the quality of living in the next 30 years. 任何住宅就像一塊已切成很多份的蛋糕一樣,不同尺寸的蛋糕代表著住宅內大小不同的空間。 設計概念的基本就是希望每戶住戶能捐出他們的一塊蛋糕(部分空間), 所以當整棟住宅的住戶所捐出的空間在被整合成一新公共空間時, 這新生的公共空間所產生的機能可以提升住戶的生活品質。 我認為這是往後三十年應持續實踐的事情,使其逐漸成為建築師往後設計新建築時所需考慮的因素。


PAST

FUTURE

X 24 Houseolders

Just give out a part of your private space, the feedback can be tremendous.

Smaller, but bigger! 所以我們可以看到當你本來只擁有自己住家時的空間跟當你捐出部分空間時的差異。

空間少了,卻又變大了!


This is a typical Taiwan’s building type which locate on Sec. 4, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Taipei City. These kind of building are commonly mixed-use with offices and dewellings. Because of the mixed-use situation, the building loses the possibility to become a friendly community with nice public facilities. In my opinion, however, these kind of building have the perfect condition to run a new type of dwelling’s public space. 這是一棟在忠孝東路上非常典型的住宅,這類住宅常常都是住商混合的, 因為商業機能的介入,這類建築往往都失去了成為一個友善社區的可能。 但在我眼中,這類在鬧區緊鄰大馬路上的住宅卻擁有絕佳的條件來實行我的概念。


343.7 sq. metre 180.4 sq. metre 178.3 sq. metre 185.1 sq. metre

First, the building have 2 core and 4 room partitions. The size of each partition is 343.7 sq. metre, 180.4 sq. metre, 178.3 sq. metre, 185.1 sq. metre. Most of the Taiwan’s dwelling have the same problem, more private space, and less public space. Even when a community has lots of great public facilities, they will be lack of maintenance fee and fall into disuse. 首先,建物內有兩部電梯與樓梯間,同時分割成四戶。 每一戶的面積依序是343.7、180.4、178.3、185.1平方米。 同時台灣的住宅通病就是瘋狂追求更多的私人空間,因此忽略了公共空間的重要性, 即使當社區擁有良好的公共空間與設施時,往往都因為缺乏金費或維護而很快荒廢。


41.6 sq. metre 41.6 sq. metre 40.9 sq. metre 42.3 sq. metre

My proposal is that every householder donate a part of their private space, then after combine all these donate spaces, it actually combine and become a huge public space for all the residence to use. You just have to give up a few space of yours then you can gain a lot back! The size of each partition donate space is 41.6 sq. metre, 41.6 sq. metre, 40.9 sq. metre, 42.3 sq. metre. 我的提議就是每戶都出讓一部分他們的私人空間, 當妥善整合這些空間後,大樓住戶們將擁有一個巨大的公共空間可供使用。 很簡單的捐出一部自己的空間便能得到更大空間使用權的反饋! 因此每一層的四戶住戶分別需要出讓41.6、41.6、40.9、42.3平方米的空間。


You might ask how all these require area number come out. First, the minium comfortable depth of a space is 2.5m. Second, the circulation width is 1m, so combine these two requirements, you can easily outline the new public area out, and it’s like a slice of the building. 你也許會問這些住戶該出讓的區域是怎麼出來的呢? 首先,一個空間內最小但舒適的深度是2.5米,同時走道寬為1米, 因此當同時結合兩者的條件之後,如圖所示,就可以明確地劃分出所需空間量。


Originally building 1st floor side that face Zhongxiao E. Rd. has arcade, so the 1st floor side is pushed in, the actual public area is from 2nd to 12th floor. 因為這並不是把舊建物打掉蓋完全一棟新的設計,因此還是得符合現實的建物情況。 一樓因為有騎樓所以實際整合出的公共空間為2至12樓。


Due to studying the original situation, the commerce spaces and advertisements only exist from 1st to 4th floor, so I can divide the new public space into two parts. One is for rental to gain the cost of future public utilities maintenance fee, which is 2nd to 4th floor. Another part is from 5th floor to 12th floor, here is where all the nice public spaces and facilities are. 首先,建物內有兩部電梯與樓梯間,同時分割成四戶。 每一戶的面積依序是343.7、180.4、178.3、185.1平方米。 同時台灣的住宅通病就是瘋狂追求更多的私人空間,因此忽略了公共空間的重要性, 即使當社區擁有良好的公共空間與設施時,往往都因為缺乏金費或維護而很快荒廢。


? So instead of keep on building new dwellings, I think future Taiwan’s dwelling prospect should be reconstruct the old ones. Keep the original construction, then go through a little bit renewing, insert new public spaces and facilities to improve living quality, so the old dwelling can keep maintain and it turns out to be a much more sustainable strategy. 現在台灣一直馬不停蹄的蓋新建物,但我覺得未來應該同時朝改建舊有建物邁進。 保有建物原本的結構體,然後進行小動作的翻修,並引進新的公共空間來改善生活品質, 使得舊建物得以延長建築壽命,這比蓋永續建築還來得永續多了。


BALCONY LIBRARY KITCHEN HOME THEATRE WASHROOM KARAOKE GYM READING ROOM SPA BALCONY KITCHEN TABLE TENNIS BALCONY CONFERENCE ROOM RECEPTION ROOM WASHROOM GUESTROOM GUESTROOM READING ROOM SPA BALCONY HOME THEATRE KITCHEN HOME THEATRE GYM WASHROOM KARAOKE GYM BALCONY SPA GUESTROOM LIBRARY HOME THEATRE TABLE TENNIS KITCHEN WASHROOM READING ROOM KARAOKE BALCONY RECEPTION ROOM BALCONY TABLE TENNIS HOTEL HOTEL OFFICE WASHROOM DESIGN STUDIO CLINIC DESIGN STUDIO OFFICE OFFICE WASHROOM CLOTHING SHOP DESIGN STUDIO SNACK BAR CHECK SHOP DESIGN STUDIO OFFICE

Lots of different functions spaces start appearing in the new slice of public space, and residence can start rethinking what space to them is important, and what is not. For example, some people seldom cook, then maybe they don’t need a big kitchen, they can sometimes cook in the public kitchen, and their original kitchen can transform into a reading room, or else. 在住戶們進行部分空間的出讓後,透過新的公共空間的生成, 住戶得以重新思考什麼空間對他們來說才是不可或缺的。 舉例來說,有些人很少下廚,那也許他們家裡其實是不需要一個廚房的, 他們可以偶爾在公共廚房進行烹飪,因此原本他們家的廚房就能改建為書房之類他們所需要的空間。


BALCONY LIBRARY KITCHEN HOME THEATRE WASHROOM KARAOKE GYM READING ROOM SPA BALCONY KITCHEN TABLE TENNIS BALCONY CONFERENCE ROOM RECEPTION ROOM WASHROOM GUESTROOM GUESTROOM READING ROOM SPA BALCONY HOME THEATRE KITCHEN HOME THEATRE GYM WASHROOM KARAOKE GYM BALCONY SPA GUESTROOM LIBRARY HOME THEATRE TABLE TENNIS KITCHEN WASHROOM READING ROOM KARAOKE BALCONY RECEPTION ROOM BALCONY TABLE TENNIS

5th to 12th floor are where the public facilities at. Besides some typical space which an apartment dwelling has, it also can import some green space and new public facilities. 5至12樓為住戶們使用的公共空間所在, 除了一些住宅內基本俱備的空間外, 它同時能規劃出一些新的公共設施或花園在垂直向度上。

$$$$ = Maintenance Fee RENT 05 - 12 F 02 - 04 F

HOTEL HOTEL OFFICE WASHROOM DESIGN STUDIO CLINIC DESIGN STUDIO OFFICE OFFICE WASHROOM CLOTHING SHOP DESIGN STUDIO SNACK BAR CHECK SHOP DESIGN STUDIO OFFICE

2nd to 4th floor is the space for commercial use. The residence can collect the rent to cover the maintenance fee of the new public facilities. 2至4樓的公共空間為住宅大樓出租給商業用途的地方。 這些租金的收益同時會轉為維持公共設施營運的金費, 使得前述大多公共設施沒多久就荒廢的問題得以解決。


Space Programs

Library

Balcony

Spa

Balcony

Table Tennis

Kitchen

Home Theatre

Karaoke

Gym

Balcony

Reception Room

Hotel

Design Studio

Design Studio

Snack Bar

Balcony

Office

Washroom

Design Studio

Office

Design Studio

Home Theatre Karaoke

Washroom

Office

Library

Balcony

Guestroom

Public

Balcony

Open

Home Theatre

Karaoke

Hotel

Design Studio

Snack Bar

Balcony

Office

Karaoke

Table Tennis

Washroom

Office

Check Shop

Home Theatre

Reading Room

Washroom

Reception Room

Washroom

Library

Guestroom

Kitchen

Balcony

Design Studio

Washroom

Spa

Table Tennis

Clinic

Clothing Shop

Gym

Balcony

Hotel

Balcony

Spa

Karaoke

Kitchen

Reception Room

Conference Room

Home Theatre

Gym

Washroom

Balcony

Reading Room

Guestroom

Kitchen

Kitchen Library Gym Reception Room Reading Room Table Tennis Design Studio Office Snack Bar Check Shop Clothing Shop Clinic

Home Theatre

Spa

Balcony

Table Tennis

Half-private

Kitchen

Reading Room

Gym

Karaoke

Table Tennis

Office

Check Shop

Home Theatre

Reading Room

Washroom

Private

Washroom

Library

Guestroom

Kitchen

Balcony

Clinic

Washroom

Spa

Table Tennis

Hotel

Balcony

Spa

Karaoke

Kitchen

Reception Room

Conference Room

Home Theatre

Gym

Washroom

Balcony

Reading Room

Guestroom

Clothing Shop

Home Theatre

Reading Room

Gym

Guestroom

Kitchen

Conference Room Spa Washroom Guestroom Hotel

Design Studio

Office

Design Studio

Washroom

Office


Half-private

Public

Private

Besides totally open space like balcony only need to add fence to it, other three kinds of different spaces with vary attributes need specific skins to cover them. For public space, the skin is divide into vary areas, and infix with clear glass. For half-private space, the skin is construct with panels, so when users need some privacy, they can move the blind panels to cover the space. For private space, the skin is fill with different scale of rectangular holes, so people from the outside can hardly see what’s happening in the interior, however people in the inside still can have view to the outside. 除了室外空間如公共陽台之外,其他三種性質的空間需要各別的皮層來覆蓋它們。對於公共空間,因為視覺上無需遮擋, 因此做簡單的幾何切分後嵌上透明玻璃。至於半私密空間因為在不同時間點會有公私之分,它的皮層是以板材來構成的, 當使用者需要隱私時,即可靠移動板材來達到完全的遮蔽。至於完全私密的空間,雖然不想被室外的人看到一舉一動, 但也不能忽略通風和視覺,因此本來可能只能小面積的開窗被碎化成更小塊,因此儘管外部的人看不清室內的活動,但同時室內卻仍能看到室外的情況。


01.There’s a space(a piece of cake) ready to be divided. 02. The space is divide into vary parts due to different program the residence setup. 03. In order to let the residence can see different angle of the Zhongxiao E. Rd., the skin start to have some rise and fall. 04. Define different spaces different attributes, then use vary skin to identify them. 01. 有一新生成的公共空間等待被切分。 02. 空間在住戶們的需求下被制定後畫分。 03. 為了讓在公共空間活動的住戶同時能看到繁忙地忠孝東路上不同的活動,立面開始有不同角度的起伏。 04. 空間們的不同性質即被符合其性質的表皮所覆蓋上。


02F

12F

58 ROOMS NEW SPACES FOR YOU!!!


Instructor : Hideki Hirahara

平原英樹

Hideki Hirahara was born in Yokohama, Japan in 1972. He graduated from Tokyo University of Science in 1997. After the graduation, he established Archum, architectural design firm, as one of partner and received number of awards for the project in Japan. In 2000, he moved to New York City and graduated from Columbia University in 2001. Hideki Hirahara collaborated with Steven Holl Architects as Senior Associate. During the time from 2002 to 2010, he was contributing to numerous international award winning projects including AIA Awards, RIBA International Award, and managing number of projects including Beijing Linked Hybrid, which is selected as The Best Tall Building in the world in 2009. Since 2006, he was managing Beijing office of Steven Holl Architects. He has established H2R Architects as one of partners in 2010.

Designer : Tienwei Tung

湯天維

1986.07.22 Graduate student of Tamkang University Department of Architecture tungtienwei@hotmail.com Room 3, 5F., No.228, Lane 184, Beisin Rd., Danshuei Dist., New Taipei City 25148, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

新北市淡水鎮北新路184巷228號5樓之3室



Piece of Cake