Table of Contents
Volume 7 Number 3 • Summer 2022
Vacationing With Your Dog
Terriers & Their Popularity
Laurie Friesen Glaurieus Bedlington Terriers
A TerrierGroup Interview
Promising Treatments for Brain Tumors
Canine Health Foundation
Donna Hills and Bravo Miniature Schnauzers
Look at Books Woodrow on the Bench
A TerrierGroup Interview 40 Ukrainian Dogs During Wartime
Fran J. Garb Esq.
REMEMBERING: Edgerstoune Kennels
Muriel Lee TerrierGroup 2022 All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Disclaimer: the editor reserves the right to refuse, edit, shorten or modify any material submitted. The editor’s decision on all printed material is final. The views expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the publisher. The publisher can not be held responsible for breach of copyright rising from any material supplied. No responsibility is taken for errors and inaccuracies or claims in advertisements.Anyone wishing to contribute their artwork, short stories or comments can submit them to firstname.lastname@example.org
Advertisers • Summer 2022 Ken Bertini.......................................................................... 47
Susan Miller-Hall................................................................. 45
Karen Coffey..................................................................... 2-3
Marie Murphy............................................................... 58-59
Ariel Cukier.................................................................... 30-31
Reita & Craig Nicholson........................................ 54-55, 60
Jacquelyn Ebersbach.................................................. 50-51
Heather Roozee................................................................ 6-7
Kelly Franciso-Foos............................................................ 45
Debi and Steve Russell...................................................... 21
Laurie Friesen..................................................................... 27
John Saemann...................................................... Cover, 10
Kurt Garmaker.............................................................. 58-59
Scott Schuette........................................................ Cover, 10
April and Amy Grace Clark............................................. 45
Larae and Whitney Shafer........................................... 28-29
Nancy Han.................................................. Cover, 10, 54-55
Kristen Shafer Simmons................................................ 28-29
Eva and Blake Hansen................................................. 18-19
Marcee Smith................................................................ 50-51
Marion Harding............................................................ 58-59
Cheryl and David Stanczyk............................................. 33
Donna Hills.................................................................... 58-59
Sandra Stemmler............................................................... 43
Charlene Johnson............................................................ 2-3
Jennifer Stevens............................................................ 30-31
Haylay Keyes................................................................ 30-31
United States Kerry Blue Terrier Club............................... 42
Susan Kuhn........................................................................ 6-7
Carole Weinberger....................................................... 50-51
Catherine LaBelle............................................................. 2-3
Maripi Wooldridge....................................................... 30-31
Kendall Lake...................................................................... 39 Lisa and Eric Leady........................................................... 11 Katherine Metke................................................................ 60
Thank You Advertisers!
Muriel Lee • EDITORIAL
TerrierGroup Editorial Spring Time! Spring should have sprung across the country by the time this issue of TerrierGroup is in your hands. Dog shows will be popping up, but there still could be covid problems so check the premium list for instructions regarding masks and come prepared. Remember the dates for the new Chicago International show – it won’t be held until 2023 but time goes fast, especially when you have to strip out a terrier. Show dates and location: August 26-27, 2023, to be held at the McCormick Place Convention Center. This will be an exciting weekend and one that will be looked forward to with great anticipation by both those who will be showing their dogs, and for those who just like to go to a dog show and see the purebred dog at its best.
breed has remained high on the popularity list of terriers. In addition, Laurie Friesen has written about her love of the Bedlington Terrier, what she has achieved in the breed, and why the Bedlington makes such a good family dog. We have Kris Kibbee’s article on Vacationing with your Dog, as with the summer season arriving many of you will be on the road or in the air with your pets, and Kris has some good tips for making your trip easier and safer. For those who are doing jigsaw puzzles there is a good and appropriate puzzle from Cavallini & Co. called DOGS. Those with sharp eyes will notice the missing piece. Not unusual for me, but the missing piece is usually found by my eagle-eyed husband who has no interest in working a puzzle, but can quickly find a missing piece. (Whew!)
In this issue we have, as always, interesting and educational articles about terriers. At the top of my list for current affairs is Olga Forlicz’s article on the dogs of the Ukraine, who are being evacuated from the war-torn county with their owners who dearly love them. This is the first time in decades that we have seen a European country being devastated by war, where there has been massive bombing, and the evacuation of nearly an entire population. Our hearts go out to the owners and their pets. Hopefully before too long, they can all return to their country. Edgerstoune Kennels, of West Highland White Terriers and Scottish Terriers from the 1930s to 1954, is highlighted. Two of their British imports won best in show at Westminster Kennel Club in 1942 and in 1950. We are always pleased to have interviews with two breeders…Donna Hills, long time breeder of Miniature Schnauzers, the most popular of terrier breeds, will tell us about the Minis, her life in the breed, and why the 8
An article in the Minneapolis Star Tribune notes that paying veterinarian costs as you go is usually cheaper than buying pet insurance.
“When the Twin Consumers’ Checkbook went over the policies offered by twelve insurers they found that many policy holders will spend more on the insurance with premium, co-pays and out of costs, than by paying the expenses out-of-pocket.” My son and his wife bought a Boston Terrier from a reputable breeder a year ago and the puppy, shortly after arriving in his new home, turned up with some serious stomach problems. They went through the pet insurance in short order and found that it made a very small dent in the vet expenses. Our newspaper had an article on the service dog shortage. Demand for a service dog has increased dramatically over the past few years with dogs now able to preform many more tasks than they were once trained for. Because of this, new trainers and organizations have stepped in. Often the dogs are not trained well or trained properly in this uncontrolled industry. For those looking for a service dog, it’s best to be well informed, before going out and purchasing a dog. Our writer, Olga Forlicz, Sealyham breeder from Poland and studying in Sweden, sent an email regarding the loss of using Russian dogs in breeding programs. “It’s a HUGE loss for the cynology. HUGE! Not only can’t Russian dogs be shown, but we can’t use them for breeding either, can’t register puppies etc. I understand the political side to it, but for the dog world it’s going back in time like it was after the WWII when a huge part of the pure-bred dog population was killed and rebuilding the gene pool is sometimes impossible! We have planned one mating for years, imported a bitch - Mia from US just for that reason. She became a star herself, but the main purpose for us was to broaden the gene pool by adding a bitch from outside and breed her to our males. And one of those males lives in... Russia. Of course. We couldn’t use him because of the pandemics,
borders were closed etc. Now - the war and kennel clubs stopped registering puppies out of Russian dogs. The one and only thing that saved us in this situation is that the dog is born in Sweden! And it’s a small breed, the dog is oldish etc. So, we got a “yes” from the kennel club to use him, IF we only can get to him! Or he - to us. Huge project. Mia is not in season yet. But the mating will happen and she will be pregnant.” And there are several notable mentions from the royals and their dogs. The bespoke tailors of Saville Row in London have the measurements of Prince Charles’ dogs so when they need a rain jacket or a coat, the tailors are ready to turn out a perfectly fitted masterpiece. The Montbattens, living in a huge estate in the countryside, had to have water bowls for their Sealyhams scattered about the premises as the kitchen was so far away that the dogs would not have been able to make the trip for a lap of water. The Queen’s dogs are served gourmet meals, prepared daily by the in-house chef and hand delivered by a footman to the Queen’s quarters, where the dogs are fed by the queen. TerrierGroup is in its seventh year of publication. Twenty-five years ago what we are doing now would not have been possible. Publisher Melanie Feldges, advertising Reita Nicholson and Muriel Lee, editor, have only met once or twice over the many years we have worked together on several magazines. When we started, exchanges were made by mail or by telephone. And that’s how many years we have been working together!
Send us your ads, your ideas, and most of all, read and enjoy TERRIERGROUP! Muriel Lee - Editor
Vacationing with your Dog Drivable Destinations We all know that our dogs are creatures of habit. My little guy will wait in the same spot, on the same rug, at the same time, each and every morning until I fill his bowl. He’ll then retreat to the same bed, and lay at the same angle while he takes his same, post-breakfast nap. He’s like clockwork. So why is it any wonder that a spontaneous three-day vacation to a quaint beach town five hours away is going to mess with his clock? Stupid human. As the one behind the wheel, who knows the destination and knows that the pet-friendly rental we’re headed to isn’t going to be infiltrated by nefarious ninjas during the night, it’s easy for us to kick back and enjoy the ride. But what about our dogs? How can we make their vacation more pleasant? How can we give them that sameness that they so crave, when things aren’t the same at all?
Step one – take the sameness with you! Bring along items that are familiar to your dog as part of his everyday routine to show him that his entire world hasn’t been turned upside down. It might be a good idea to designate your dog his own bag and include items like:
• Food and water bowls from home • An adequate supply of your dog’s regular dog food
• Water from home. Often times, particularly in
cases where your home relies on a well, dogs can grow selective about what type of water they will and won’t drink. Since we often travel to populated areas, treated water may be the only type offered in your vacation rental and the new mix of chemicals may disagree with your dog’s nose and his tummy!
• Your dog’s “at home” bed, or if that proves too
bulky an item to transport, a blanket or towel steeped in familiar smells. Think about where your dog will be sleeping in his temporary digs. Will he snuggle up beside you in bed? Will there be enough room to suit you both (as well as any other family members)? If he’s banished to the floor, will he still be comfy?
• Some toys and chewable items from your dog’s “personal” collection.
• A crate/carrier? If your fur-ball typically sleeps
in a crate at home, the likelihood is that he derives a great deal of security from doing so. Introducing him into an unfamiliar environment and then at the same time expecting him to do without that security is a tall order! Your “relaxing vacay” may prove less than restful if you’re cradling a nervous dog in the wee hours of the night!
• An extra leash (and harness, if you typically
use one). You never know when the suitcase gremlin will make off with your primary one.
• A towel, because, let’s face it . . . puke happens.
• A raincoat (weather dependent). • A life jacket if you’ll be encountering water during your outings.
• Any prescription medications your dog is currently taking.
• Treats, because you KNOW your pup is going to
get distracted…squirrels, seagulls, dozens of new dog bums to sniff. How could one possibly stay focused? Wait . . . did you say “Liver?”
• Enzymatic stain/odor remover. After all, even
a fully potty-trained pet can suddenly have a lapse of memory in an unfamiliar place. And since you’re walking into a space that’s undoubtedly been used by many dogs before, what are the chances that they were all perfect angels?
• Grooming supplies for those high-maintenance kiddos that require a daily brush-down.
• Doggie first aid kit because--porcupines, epic jumping opportunities, exotic, hungry insects, sharp bone-shaped sticks that are utterly irresistible, and on and on.
• Poop bags. • More poop bags. Some of the items packed in your pooch’s getaway bag may be a comfort to him, others to you, but either way, you’ll both be better prepared for the adventures to come by planning ahead. And while planning ahead entails a careful examination of what you pack in your “doggie bag,” packing is certainly not the only factor to consider when traveling with your pet. Many of us don’t
travel with our dogs frequently enough to realize some of the hiccups that can arise while travelling. And even those who do travel regularly with their furry kids may find that requirements differ from venue to venue. Revisiting some of the basics, along with the oddball circumstances that can arise during a vacation, can help to prepare one and all for unexpected situations.
Step two – plan ahead! Some (quite literal) bullet points to remember when preparing for a multi-day outing:
• Make 100% . . . 110% . . . 120% sure that your
rental venue is pet-friendly. What would you do if you showed up, arms full of bags and rockin’ the Hawaiian shirt and Ray Ban’s, and the clerk at your hotel gave your furry fella the stink eye and turned you away? That would be one long, depressing drive home!
Vacationing with Your Dog • Ask about mini-fridge availability in your rental
if you feed raw food. Chances are that the concierge isn’t going to offer to put your raw beef next to his sub sandwich in the employee fridge just because you didn’t do your due diligence when booking.
• Check to make sure that you don’t need a
current health certificate for you pooch at your rental destination, or simply to cross between any states included in your travels. Having a current health certificate (which can be obtained from your veterinarian) on-hand whenever you travel with your pet is a good idea, but if you don’t want to get one, just make sure you aren’t going to incite a red-light lockdown quarantine when you walk in the door without it.
• If you can manage it, researching your
destination beforehand and compiling a list of pet-friendly locals in the immediate area is a dandy idea. As progressive and pet-friendly as some sites can appear, you might be surprised when you and your dog actually step off the property and venture into the area surrounding your rental. While a layperson may assume that any outdoor venue is one that would welcome your well-behaved pooch, many areas (including a laundry list of state parks) impose restrictions on canines. There are a host of fabulous books currently available whose authors have complied lists not only of petfriendly rentals in particular areas, but outdoor destinations as well. You can fork out the money for one, or just do some sleuthing online if you’re pinching pennies.
Many seasoned dog owners are well versed in the restrictions of the atypical pet-friendly rental, but for someone new to the game, you may be stunned to learn that the “pet-friendly” label isn’t quite as “friendly” as it might seem. Most standardized rentals (I’m speaking of motels, condos . . . anything that you aren’t casually renting from some gal you met at the water cooler during your break at work), would be better described as “pet tolerant” than “pet friendly.” This means that while they welcome your pet, they don’t really trust him. They don’t want to be friends, so much as just casual acquaintances, who never hang out alone together. What this 14
means for you is that while Fido is permitted to hang out in your room, the second you step out that well-worn peep-hole pinned door, he’s officially worn out his welcome. The bulk of petfriendly rentals have a “no pets in the room alone” policy that restricts you from leaving your pet in the room unattended. While this may not seem like a major deal on the surface . . . trust me . . . it is. And it warrants some pre-planning to be accommodated. Remember that fancy seafood restaurant on the pier . . . the one you went to when you were on your honeymoon . . . with lobsters the size of footballs and scalloped potatoes so creamy that they melted in your mouth? Well, sorry to break it to you . . . but you can’t go. If Fido can’t go, you can’t go. I know what you’re thinking. I’m making this whole “traveling with your dog” thing seem increasingly less appealing. But wait—it doesn’t have to be! Just take a bit of extra time during your planning phases and that luscious lobster may still be within your reach! Perhaps you’ve got a 12-year-old built-in doggy-sitter? Maybe you have friends nearby who’d like some quality time with your pooch? Where there’s a will, there’s a way!
*Note of warning—don’t try to get sneaky! Even if you brought a crate and decide that tucking your pooch away in it and discreetly positioning him on the far side of the bed is a surefire path to creamy, creamy potatoes—you’re wrong! Most rentals will fine you a hefty amount if the innocuous housekeeper (who, with your luck, loathes dogs), discovers your precious furkid hidden behind the bed while you’re away.
Step threeEXERCISE, EXERCISE, EXERCISE! That 5-hour car ride is going to be significantly more enjoyable with a passed-out pooch at your side rather than one who is frothing at the mouth and smattering your car windows with snot rockets at every intersection. Still, once he hits the beach, all bets are off!
Dreaded Air Travel You know it—that sickening feeling that creeps into your gut when the topic of air travel is mentioned. The lines, the carry-on
restrictions, the pat-downs . . . it’s like taking an hours-long tour of Hades itself. And yet it could be worse! Swap your perfectly permissible two human legs for four furry ones, slap on a tail, and suddenly you’ve become a second class citizen. Most airports treat dogs like a contagious disease, mandating that they be bottled up in a kennel, chucked into cargo and otherwise manhandled. But some airlines, those of the more progressive and pet-friendly ilk, are changing all that. Let us all rejoice with a howl!
Sit ‘n Stay Global allows its flyers a FURst Class experience, be them human or dog-kind! Pampered pooches who fly these friendly airways will find that they can roam freely through the cabin during flight while enjoying amenities like dog-centric catering and pooch-friendly in-flight entertainment. In addition, Sit ‘n Stay Global boasts itself the only company that provides safety equipment on board for pets--such as a DOT tested safety harnesses, life jackets and pet oxygen masks.
JFK’s Luxury Pet Terminal
Okay, so it’s fun to dream, but most of us can’t afford to shell out a cool thousand (plus) to get our furry kid from A to B. Alas, the traditional method of flying with our dogs rears its ugly head and stares us down with a sneer. We find ourselves glaring back, realizing that the best we can do is to keep our dogs safe and make sure they arrive on the ground in one piece. That’s where the planning begins.
Picture it with me—an enormous, crystal-blue swimming pool teeming with happy faces. A fine lookin’ lady lounges poolside while a frisky young buck stares at her from the deep end. It could be the scene at any vacation hot spot, until you notice that the pool is bone-shaped and the lovebirds are golden retrievers! Yes siree, give it another few months, and JFK Airport plans to make this tail-wagging mirage a reality. The ARK at JFK will be the first luxury pet terminal offered at an airport, and promises to offer their annual 70,000 or so non-human flyers with amenities, such as spa therapy, massages, “pawdicures” and big-screen TVs where pets can watch their owners traipse about the terminal. Set to open this year, the $48 million dollar facility will cater to an array of furry travelers--including dogs, cats, horses, goats, cattle, pigs, sheep—even the occasional aardvark! Of course everyone will be provided with their own custom-designed space, but surely the bone-shaped pool is destination numero uno for any of our readers! Still, if you’re planning to indulge in this progressive, state-ofthe-art facility, you’d better bring your checkbook along. A flight to London for a dog can cost about $1,000, plus the cost for a crate, veterinarian certification and airport fees.
Sit ‘n Stay Global While you’ve got that checkbook out, why not opt out of the commercial air terminal altogether and let a private jet whisk you and Fido away?
Touchdown in Reality
In-cabin flight (fit for the wee ones) Double, nay, TRIPLE-check your airline’s carry-on pet guidelines! Most of the major airlines (Alaska Airlines, JetBlue, American Airlines, United, Delta Air Lines, Southwest) have set up sites that outline their pet parameters, but in all cases you’re going to need a note from your veterinarian stating that your dog is safe to travel. You’re also going to need a carrier that will fit comfortably under your airline seat, the measurements of which vary from airline to airline. Get out that tape-measure and get to work because friend, if it won’t fit, you’re in a world of hurt at takeoff time!
Know the fees and book early! Since airlines typically limit the number of pets that can travel on any given plane together, it’s smart to add your pooch’s name to the roster before all the available spots fill up. Also, airlines charge a range of fees for travelling with a pet (typically anywhere from $75-$125), so be prepared to open your wallet along with your stockpiled patience when you walk in that terminal. Summer 2022
Vacationing with Your Dog Consider Upgrading. You think that airline seat was a tight fit before? Wait until you’ve got a hard, plastic carrier jutting out under your feet and knocking into your shins. This may be one of those instances where forking out a bit of extra dough for a larger seat with more leg room may be worth the investment.
Strategize! Got a full bladder-empty it! Got a thirsty poochsatiate it! Got a howler who needs his favorite rope toy to calm him-bring it! Remember, once you arrive at the airport with your furry travelling companion, things are going to get hectic. Plan ahead and take some of the edge off.
Arrive at the airport early (but not too early)! If traveling with your pet seemed like the more convenient travel option for you, consider your convenience card tapped out. Many of the (sometimes) simplest parts of air travel, like checking in at a kiosk or whizzing (OK-so that’s a stretch) through security just became more complicated. Pets must be checked in with a counter agent at the airport so that they (and their carriers) can be weighed and measured. This means waiting in line and wresting with a potentially unreceptive measuring participant, which takes TIME. You factor in the extra minutes it’ll take to pack and unpack your pet from his or her carrier as you suffer through the X-ray detector scan (which can be done only after your pet is free of his enclosure), and you’re under the gun even more so. Throw in a couple of bathroom stops for your Nervous Nelly, and you may just be running down that plane if you don’t afford yourself some extra time.
Cargo Flight (for our larger friends) The Great Debate There is, has been, and most likely will continue to be, a bevy of debate regarding the transportation of dogs in cargo holds. While many unfortunate (and often deadly) incidents have incited the improvement of safety regulations pertaining to animals transported in the cargo area, there are certain camps that still maintain it is unsafe. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), for example, lists air travel as “unsafe for pets,”
and is particularly critical of any travel that involves a cargo hold. Still, being well aware that thousands of Americans are forced to transport their dogs in this manner on a regular basis, HSUS suggests that flyers do their research and check out their airline’s track record with cargo-hold-based animal injury and death prior to flying. Since most airlines are required to report any such incidents to the U.S. Department of Transportation, they can be easily accessed online (https://www.transportation.gov/ airconsumer/air-travel-consumer-reports).
When it’s Cargo, or no-go Sometimes, cargo truly is the only option and while your gut may be quaking at the mere thought, doing your due diligence with regard to preparation can quiet some of those butterflies. Follow these tips and silence your inner-worry-wart:
• Use direct flights • Always travel on the same flight as your dog • When you board--notify the captain and at
least one attendant that you have a dog in the cargo hold.
• Don’t ever transport brachycephalic dogs in the cargo hold.
• If travelling during months of intense temperatures, ensure that the cargo area will accommodate those extremes and maintain a tolerable climate.
• Fit your dog’s collar so that he/she cannot get caught in their carrier door.
• Affix a travel label to your carrier. • Make sure that your dog’s nails have been clipped (so they don’t get hooked anywhere within the carrier or on its door).
• Give your dog at least a month of exposure
to his/her travel carrier-to ensure a reasonable level of comfort.
• Do not feed your dog for 4-6 hours before the trip
• Avoid flying during busy travel times, if possible.
Rushed attendants are more likely to mishandle your precious pup.
• Carry a current photograph of your dog. • When you arrive at your destination, examine your pet immediately.
Yes, air travel with your pet can be nerve-racking, inconvenient, expensive, and sometimes even fun, but whatever the outcome of your voyage through the heavens, your furry kiddo will no doubt enjoy being included in your travels because being with you is his ultimate destination.
Sources cited: http://www.dogjaunt.com/guides/travel-check-list-and-packing-list/ https://www.cesarsway.com/dog-care/travel/cesars-travel-tips http://gopetfriendlyblog.com/tips-resources/road-trip-tips/ http://www.usatoday.com/story/todayinthesky/2015/07/20/nycs-jfk-airport-building-luxury-animal-terminal/30405231/ http://www.forbes.com/sites/jimdobson/2014/11/19/first-class-dogs-luxurytravel-with-mans-best-friend/ http://sitnstayglobal.com/index.php/furst-class-service http://www.msn.com/en-us/travel/tips/5-essential-tips-for-flying-with-pets/ar-BBn duHv?li=BBnba9J&ocid=U348DHP#page=2 https://www.transportation.gov/airconsumer/air-travel-consumer-reports http://www.humanesociety.org/animals/resources/tips/traveling_tips_pets_ ships_planes_trains.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/
From the Associated Press – by Jennifer Peltz
2021 TERRIERS & THEIR POPULARITY In the year of 2021 Terriers managed to hold on to their breed popularity ranking. As usual, Miniature Schnauzers led the way in popularity, ranking at 18, about where they were in 2020. S o m e p l a c n h t s g: 2 0 1 Sofl Coated Wheatens
Glen of Imaal
All other Terriers remained in about the same place of popularity as they were in 2020. Note that a litter or two of puppies in one year can make a difierence in the placement of those breeds that are low in number.
For an interesting comment on the Bedlington Terriers and their popularity, see the end of the interview in this issue with Bedlington breeder, Laurie Friesen. Labs are again in ftrst place of popularity with their standing at number one for 31 straight years. Poodles reigned as top dog from 1960 to 1982 and then fell in popularity. This year they reclaimed popularity in ftflh spot. The rarest AKC breed this year was the Norwegian Lundehunde. These smallish dogs boast extra toes and unusual ffexibility that once helped them to climb Norwegian clifis to hunt Puffins nesting in narrow crevices. Breeds on the rise: French Bulldogs are now in second place, and ranked 71st in 2000. The Cane Corso, recognized in 2010, has climbed from 51st place to 21st, and perhaps is not the breed for everyone.
New purebred registrations have increased by 45% in a decade, per AKC.
A TerrierGroup Interview with Laurie Friesen
Laurie Friesen Glaurieus Bedlington Terriers We are fortunate to have an interview with Laurie Friesen of Glaurieus Bedlington Terriers. I grew up with an Airedale Terrier bitch named Ginger. We were the best friends and I proudly wear the scar on my chin from where Ginger gave me a head-butt and five stitches. She was a playful young terrier and I was an energetic three-year-old when it happened. After Ginger our family was owned by a small mix breed named Scooter, who was a stray until us kids snuck him into the house and begged our parents to keep him. After Scooter came our Irish Terrier, Rooney. He was my father’s hunting companion, but he was also a very spoiled family dog. Rooney eventually saw me off to college, but I returned home one summer with a Bedlington Terrier. I have owned Bedlington Terriers now for over 30 years. My siblings are also terrier owners and their breeds include a Welsh, Scottie and Russell Terrier, all coming from reputable breeders.
My first dog show was a three-day cluster that began on July 4, 2003. My Bedlington was 12 months old and our competition was the number one Bedlington with a professional handler. After grooming all morning in a barn in a cattle stall and sweltering heat, we entered the ring. I was wearing a red strappy sleeveless dress and heels, my bait bag was filled with chicken, my dog looked good and we were ready. Our breed judge for the day was Mr. Jay Richardson who was on crutches with a broken leg. My puppy and I made it all around the ring with no problems as conformation classes had paid off, but it was on the table that the fun began. Maybe it was nerves or maybe it was the heat of the day that caused me to sweat, and somehow the straps on my dress began to slip off my shoulders. I tried to pull them up while 22
hanging on to the show lead and baiting my dog. The chicken I had cooked was crumbling in my hand and falling onto his front legs while he kept trying to bend down and reach the fallen chicken which were now embedded in his legs. I was trying to pull up the straps of my dress while the judge was doing his best to go over my wiggling dog while maintaining his balance on crutches. The three of us looked like a bad circus act. I was going all burlesque in the ring, my overly excited chicken loving puppy was munching on his front legs, and the judge was doing a onelegged dance on crutches.
If that day wasn’t funny enough, the second day was just as amusing. I made a better choice in show clothes, but stubbornly still wore heels. Once again, the other entry was the number one Bedlington with a professional handler who I learned later was Carlos Puig. Carlos had paid me the best compliment the day before by admiring the grooming on my dog. As the judge was handing out the ribbons, Carlos says, “Can you believe she grooms this dog by herself and it’s her first show dog!” The Judge replies, “What I can’t believe is how she gets around the ring in those shoes!” On our third day of showing Carlos had a ring conflict and my puppy won the breed under Judge Anna Wanner. She was a delightful judge so we decided to stay for the terrier group and see her again. Ms. Wanner had made her selection of terriers and went to gather the first through fourth place rosettes. On her way to her judge’s book, she tripped and fell forward hitting her head on the edge of table. Down she went, knocked out cold. The terrier group immediately exited the ring while EMS and the show chair quickly went to her rescue. On our drive home we heard Ms. Wanner was going to be fine with just a bump on her head.
Despite the disaster of our first dog show weekend, I was hooked and entered my next shows. Exactly seven years to the day, on July 4, 2010, I won an all-breed best in show with my first bred-by bitch.
I grew up with terriers and my father considered himself a hardcore terrier man. While his friends hunted with their pointers and retrievers, dad would show up with his terrier. I was first introduced to the Bedlington Terrier as a young child looking through my father’s terrier books. One of our favorite family events was watching the Westminster Kennel Club shows on television every year. We were glued to the TV from the time the terrier group entered the ring until the rosettes were handed out. When the Bedlington was presented my father would laugh and make jokes about the silly looking dog and it not being “a real terrier.” Even though he knew its history and tenacious hunting abilities, Dad just couldn’t get past the unusual look of the Bedlington. I, on the other hand, thought they were quite fabulous. I loved the Bedlington’s unique lamb-like appearance, the tassels on its ears, and its weird naked tail. The breed also had such a sweet, soft expression.
One year I announced that if I ever owned a Bedlington Terrier, I would name him Lambchop. For me, this would be kismet. As fate would have it, a Bedlington found me when I was a college student in Chicago. I was working part-time at a grooming salon when a young couple came in with a Bedlington Terrier they had adopted from a kill shelter. The dog Summer 2022
Laurie Friesen of Glaurieus Bedlington Terrier
was so dirty and matted that I was unsure if he was purebred, but once cleaned and trimmed, it was obvious. The new owners returned a few days later saying the Bedlington did not get along with their other dog and they did not know what to do with him and that night he went home with...me.
Dog-sitting was supposed to be temporary, but his adopted owners did not want him back and I was happy because I did not want to give him back. Next came the phone call to my parents; I was keeping a dog. We laughed for hours when I told my dad he was a Bedlington Terrier and I named him Lambchoppe. This Bedlington came with no known history or pedigree and I did not even know his age, but he was my dog and the start of my incredible journey into Bedlington Terriers. I learned grooming by doing. Early on I had no teachers, instructors or formal training. I only had books and pictures. I saved my money to buy good grooming equipment rather than spend it on having my dog groomed professionally. After Lambchoppe passed away, my search for a puppy led me to Sandy Miles of Sandon N’ Oakhill Bedlington Terriers. I had no idea Sandy was a well-respected breeder of top winning Bedlingtons and a master groomer, I just knew she had a blue and tan puppy available to a good home. In return, I got way more than a blue and tan puppy, I got a best friend and mentor in Sandy Miles.
Distance prevented one-on-one grooming lessons so I would email Sandy photos of my grooming and she would return the pictures with ink pen marked all over the dog. Sandy also encouraged me to enter my very first dog show. Over time, I would watch Sandy groom at shows and I watched others, too. I knew if I was ever to be competitive in the show ring, I had to master my own grooming skills. Expanding on my first meeting with Carlos Puig, he asked me who groomed my dog. I said it was me. He then asked who taught me. I said no one, I learned from photos. He said there was no way I could learn to groom a Bedlington that good from photos. It was the best compliment. My husband and I finished our first two Bedlingtons’ on the same day. I decided our bitch was a better show dog and I would continue campaigning her while my husband would occasionally show our male. I had only been showing dogs for four years when my bitch, BISS Ch. Sandon N’ Oakhill TruBlu N’ TaraBel, won the national specialty under breed Judge Ronald Menaker.
I remember that day like it was yesterday. When he had made his final cut, then Judge Menaker began to pull his winners and line them up and Tara and I were left standing. I remember thinking “Tara showed her best but I was such a novice I must have messed up.” Defeated, I look over at Mr. Menaker who was pointing to me and said, “Take your bitch to the head of the
line.” It was then that I realized he had inverted his placements to build suspense, and we had just won the breed at the national specialty! Tears and cheers were everywhere and even the ring steward was crying for us. Tara decided a national specialty win was not enough that year and we went on to win the AKC/Eukanuba Invitational Championship under Judge Sue Goldberg. She finished number one bitch in breed points in 2007, another first for me. By the time she retired to the whelping box Tara was a top winning bitch and had amassed numerous terrier group wins and placements. I thought it couldn’t get any better than Tara and all her accomplishments, and then she gave me a beautiful daughter, BIS MBISS GCh. Glaurieus Top Super Mod Elle. Elle was my first bred-by Bedlington to be campaigned under my kennel name, Glaurieus, established in 2008.
Elle and I won an all-breed best in show in 2010 when she was just shy of two years old. A month later she won a regional specialty under breeder Judge Brent Wright. She won the national specialty in 2012 under terrier Judge Rosiland Kramer. Elle was the first Bedlington Terrier to win a national owner-handled series best in show after AKC launched the new competition. Elle was a top winning bitch throughout her campaign with 19 terrier group wins. I never dreamed I would win an all-breed best in show and multiple specialties with my first bred-by out of my first litter. I kept a male and a female out of Elle’s one and only litter. The boy, that I named Jetson, went winners dog from the bred-by class at his very first show for a five point major. The event was a regional specialty and he was the youngest in his class at six-months old. He went best of winners at Westminster Kennel Club several months later. Jetson, BIS MRBIS MBISS GChB Glaurieus Goes SuperSonic, won the national specialty in 2017 under terrier and Bedlington expert Judge Richard Reynolds and again in 2021 under Judge John P. Wade. Always breeder- owner-handled, Jetson is a multiple reserve best in show winner and won a best in show in 2021
I retired Jetson this year after an incredible campaign. He will still make appearances, but it is time to focus on my next generation out of Jetson’s sister, Chanel, GCh. Glaurieus Goes SuperChic. In 2016, I decided to show Chanel at the AKC National Championship where she won best of breed and best bred by exhibitor. The following year she won best of opposite sex and best bred by exhibitor. I reflect on my national specialty win under the late Ronald Menaker. He was a past president of the Bedlington Terrier Club of America, and like those before him, he did his best to preserve the breed through the parent club. At the time of our specialty win I had no idea I would one day
Laurie Friesen of Glaurieus Bedlington Terrier be president of the club, but I have served in that capacity for the last five years. The future of any breed relies heavily on reputable breeders who address health and wellness issues, strong leadership in the parent club, as well as a supportive membership of pet owners. The Bedlington has always been a low-entry breed. I am not discouraged by this because a Bedlington is definitely not the right breed for everyone. However, it is our responsibility to promote the breed and to find the next generation of right people. I believe the Bedlington community of breeders, owners, conformation and performance exhibitors, have done a terrific job at showcasing the uniqueness and diversity of this breed. And as long as the number of litters per year are sustainable by the current demand for a Bedlington, as long as we have a healthy, diverse gene pool, and as long as we breed to the standard, the Bedlington will continue to have a solid foundation and future as a purebred dog. TerrierGroup thanks Laurie Friesen for this informative interview.
Sharon M. Albright, DVM, CCRT
Promising Drug Treatment for Brain Tumors Meningioma is cancer of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It is the most common intracranial tumor in humans and accounts for approximately half of all primary brain tumors in dogs. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice but is not always possible due to tumor size and location or overall patient health. Therefore, new drug treatments are needed. Investigators from the National Cancer Institute’s Comparative Oncology Program (NCI-COP) and select veterinary universities are collaborating to evaluate a new chemotherapy treatment for meningioma. This includes AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) funded investigator Dr. Timothy Fan at the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine. (CHF Grant 02321: Clinical Trial of Procaspase-3 Activator (PAC-1) in Combination with Hydroxyurea for Treatment of Canine Meningioma) The drug under investigation is Procaspase Activating Compound-1 (PAC-1), a small molecule that activates programmed cell death in many cancer cells. PAC-1 targets a process that is upregulated or overexpressed in cancer cells, including 70% of human and 92% of canine meningiomas. PAC-1 was combined with two other chemotherapy drugs to enhance its effect – hydroxyurea (HU) or temozolomide (TMZ). In cell cultures, PAC-1 + TMZ showed some combined effect, but PAC-1 + HU worked synergistically to kill meningioma cells. When tested in a handful of dogs with naturally occurring brain tumors, the opposite was true – PAC-1 + TMZ decreased tumor burden, while PAC-1 + HU only stabilized the disease and did not change the rate of programmed cell death in the tumor. A novel drug that activates programmed cell death in many cancer cells was well tolerated in dogs and may be effective against meningioma – cancer of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord. 32
As part of this study, investigators also tested a new indicator of programmed cell death – an injectable compound that is measured by PET-CT scan. Levels of the tracer documented during this study matched the tumor burden visualized on MRI, proving that this appears to be a valuable tool for cancer studies in dogs and humans. A clinical trial is already underway to assess the safety of this tracer in humans. Results of this study demonstrate the importance of using natural disease models during drug discovery. What happens in cell cultures does not always hold true in natural disease. Investigators recommend including canine clinical trials early in drug discovery, as the results will not only benefit participating canine patients but will demonstrate which drugs do not impact natural disease as expected earlier in the process. Since only a handful of canine meningioma patients were recruited for this clinical trial, additional study is needed to refine the dose and effect of PAC-1 on this cancer. However, results do show that the combination of PAC-1 plus TMZ appears effective and was well tolerated in dogs. CHF and its donors remain committed to finding new and more effective treatments for many cancers that affect dogs and humans. Collaboration and this One Health approach to drug discovery ensure that both dogs and their people can live longer, healthier lives. Learn more about CHF’s canine cancer research at akcchf.org/caninecancer. Reference: Tonogai, E. J., Huang, S., Botham, R. C., Berry, M. R., Joslyn, S. K., Daniel, G. B., Chen, Z., Rao, J., Zhang, X., Basuli, F., Rossmeisl, J. H., Riggins, G. J., LeBlanc, A. K., Fan, T. M., & Hergenrother, P. J. (2021). Evaluation of a procaspase-3 activator with hydroxyurea or temozolomide against high-grade meningioma in cell culture and canine cancer patients Neuro-Oncology, noab161. https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noab161 Related Articles The Role of Pollution in Canine Cancer (02/07/2022) AKC Canine Health Foundation Marks Pet Cancer Awareness Month with Over $850,000 in Newly Awarded Cancer Grants (05/03/2021) Promising Research on the Use of CBD to Treat Canine Cancer (03/22/2021)
Donna Hills and Bravo Miniature Schnauzers
Interview with Donna Hills and Bravo Miniature Schnauzers
First a little bit about me. I have been involved in purebred dogs for over 50 years, initially starting out in Beagle field trials. I delivered my first litter of puppies when I was four years old. Growing up, my next-door neighbors showed Pugs in AKC events and I would tag along with them to the shows. I don’t remember much significant about the actual grooming and showing of the pugs, but I do remember the fun we had at the shows. Later as a teenager I baby sat for a family that showed Lhasa Apso’s. There I learned more about managing show dogs, with hair maintenance and general kennel duties. Noted here: My grandfather was a horse trainer and owned and managed a training facility for primarily “saddlebreds.” For me to have the honor of riding I had a variety of stable and horse duties to complete prior to even getting on a horse.
Before starting to breed and show dogs, I was aware of the work, frustrations, heartache and ultimately the great joy of participating in animal husbandry and preservation breeding. I have been delivering human babies in some form or fashion since December of 1975. I have taught obstetrical, pediatrics and leadership nursing, both lecture and clinical, for the Medical College of Georgia (1983-1991) and for Kennesaw State University (1992-2021). In addition, in 1987 I was part of a startup company, venture capital backed, that developed the Home Uterine Activity Monitor- (HUAM), a monitor used to detect contractions in homebound high risk OB patients (humans). After the company received FDA approval my company was sold and eventually sold into the veterinarian world and is currently marketed under the name of “Whelp Wise.” The first “BRAVO” litter was born on NOV 19, 1988, and this litter was the first litter of domestic dogs to utilize the HUAM/Whelp Wise System. I began my commitment to the Miniature Schnauzer in September of 1970. When in art class, my art teacher brought his Miniature Schnauzer “Tommy Tucker” to class on Fridays
for us to draw our “still life” art assignment. I loved drawing Tommy with his striking sharp lines of his head and eyebrows, that were coupled with his spring of rib and proud head carriage. Tommy demonstrated the ideal Miniature Schnauzer personality… a dutiful dog with the human-like brain, sitting proudly as I drew my “still life.” At the time I was not fully aware of the complexities of the breed, but I knew I would share a large portion of my life with a Miniature Schnauzer. I continued to study the breed extensively. In the fall of 1986 I went to work unofficially as an unpaid assistant to a second-generation professional breeder/handler of Miniature Schnauzers…Mary Ann Ellis of R-Bo Miniature Schnauzers. Mary Ann mentored me and allowed me to work with some of the finest Miniature Schnauzers in the history of the breed. She taught me the importance of mentorship and passing on the gene pools of the “Great” dogs. My first champion was the granddaugther of BIS BISS CH R-Bo’s Victory Flash and great granddaughter of BIS CH Regency Right on Target. CH R-Bo’s Triple Crown was my first champion and a top producing dam, with top producing, group winning get. Every “Bravo!” dog of today has this dam in their pedigree.
I have always believed in the gift of mentorship. I have mentored several people/breeders in the sport of purebred Miniature Schnauzers. Their contributions and kennels are both nationally and internationally successful today. I have managed top breed ranking Miniature Schnauzers, Irish Terriers, Soft Coated Wheatens and Border Terriers. Currently I am campaigning the number one breed Miniature Schnauzer, GCHG Hardinhaus Simply Spectacular. In 2019 and 2020 I campaigned the number one breed male Miniature Schnauzer. I have bred many top producing dam’s and stud dogs. GCH Bravo’s Tipping Point, has 27 champions to date. I attended my first dog show when I was about six years old. I don’t remember a lot about the show from the perspective of strict adherence to the rules of showing dogs, but I do remember it as a Summer 2022
Donna Hills and Bravo Miniature Schnauzers
Phoebee - Top producing Dam Foundation Dam for Bravo! Miniature Schnauzers
fun time with dogs and friends. I enjoyed the Beagle field trials as it gave me something to look forward to doing with my dad and my dog. When I was younger, conformation shows reminded me of shop “store fronts.” A show case of dogs at their finest in conditioning, grooming and behavior. Mostly in the early days it was a fun get away for me.
As an adult in 1986 when I started attending AKC conformation dog shows, I was mesmerized! It was like someone turned the windshield wipers on and I could see a vision of what I wanted to do. I thought it extremely complex and detail oriented. So many dogs to learn, grooming to master, the theater of the ring and the structure of the rules! I was instantly hooked. I went on a mission to find the best and most accessible person I could to help me navigate the show scene. At this point, I cannot underestimate the value of a mentor! Without a mentor to apprentice with, it is very difficult to attain the level of success that I have and reach levels of expertise and mastery. A breed mentor, a person that entrust their years of experience and gene pools to you, is invaluable. I have had several mentors that have committed time and knowledge to me and there were times when the lessons were hard. Early in my career 36
GCH Bravo’s Tipping Point - GAGE • Breeder, Owner, Handler: Donna Hills Top Producing Stud Dog with 27 champions
Mary Ann Ellis of R-Bo Miniature Schnauzers was a dominate force. She had the bulk of responsibility for getting me started in a breeding program and show career. For a year Mary Ann committed every Wednesday night to teaching me strip and groom properly. Her approach to grooming was that the grooming should complement the dog. She made it clear that the work should be done in the whelping box and the grooming was like shutters on a magnificent home. Mary Ann was an artist when it came to breeding dogs who reinforced that dogs were not parts, but a sum of their parts, not mutually exclusive of each part. Over the years I have sought the council of many others in the arena of the dog world. Two people come to mind as being the current most influential are Dan Sackos of Geordan Irish Terriers, and Tom Lams and Carol Weinberger of Bandsman Miniature Schnauzers. Occasionally I have been asked many times why I chose the Miniature Schnauzer to show. When I analyzed my situation I had several thoughts. First, I had experience with Miniature Schnauzers when I met and subsequently drew Tommy Tucker for four years in high school. I was familiar with many of their characteristics, both physical and mental. As I entered the AKC dog show world I realized there were a variety of complexities to show dogs and grooming being a major portion of the
equation. I wanted a dog to learn from, that would teach me to “strip like a terrier and trim like a poodle.” Both of these grooming techniques are incorporated into the Miniature Schnauzer grooming. At the time, I wasn’t fully aware of the tremendous pre-presentation time of grooming the Miniature Schnauzer. I frequently refer tom this as “showing a Miniature Schnauzer is like showing a wedding cake.”
A word on breed standards, I hope that judges and breeders will be staunchly cognizant of breed standards. Breed clubs, their officers and board members put a great deal of time, energy and deep understanding of the history and work of the breed into developing the standard and the Standard for the Miniature Schnauzer is no exception. Just from the name “Miniature Schnauzer” one would expect that size is of tremendous importance. Hence the size disqualification of over 14 inches and under 12 inches. Aside from size, hallmarks for the breed include robust, compact and nearly square. The Miniature Schnauzer is a big bodied, robust canine. With the correct front assembly expect a forechest depth to the elbows, rib spring when viewed from the top. A Mini Schnauzer is not a narrow animal.
makes them easy to transport, live with in an apartment, in a house or on a farm. Being robust and compact, they are not too big to pick up, but sturdy enough to not sustain injury while playing with the family, performing in sports and working on the farm. From a breeding perspective, the breed is successful in many venues, and that helps in finding high quality homes for puppies. The breed free whelps, has nice size litters (four to eight) and experiences relatively good health. Of concern here is the limiting gene pool size due to genetic testing and potential for bottlenecking of the gene pool, but right now this is not to the degree that is evident in some of the rarer breeds. In addition, there are many long-term dedicated breeders in the breed that are willing to provide advice and mentor new breeders and owner/ handlers. The biggest draw back in showing Miniature Schnauzers is the grooming and I think this afflicts many of the terriers in general. As I stated previously, this breed is like showing a “wedding cake.” In addition to the pre-ring-ready ritual, and not unlike the other terriers, getting the Miniature Schnauzer ready for the ring, the weeks of work it takes to get the dog in proper coat and trimming, can be daunting to the newcomer. In the show ring we have seen the number of entries
The Miniature Schnauzer has maintained its popularity for a myriad of reasons, due to personality, size, robustness, relatively easy to whelp and raise puppies, and its dedicated breeders. The breed enjoys success as a companion dog, show dog, performance competitor and working dog for many of the same reasons. This is attributed in great part to the dedicated, dutiful, tenacious personality of the Miniature Schnauzer, with dutiful being a huge part of their personality. This makes for a terrific companion, and an easy dog to train for conformation and performance. In the conformation ring the dutiful nature of the breed should not be mistaken for lack of interest or spark, as it’s in their nature to be mindful and obedient. The size of the Miniature Schnauzer
Donna with Mentor Tom Lams
Donna Hills and Bravo Miniature Schnauzers for Miniature Schnauzers drop, although not as dramatic as many of the terrier breeds. My hope, with the support of the AKC, is that the breeders and mentors of this and other breeds of dwindling numbers will be encouraged to continue their work. As I look around the shows, it is the breeders and subsequently their mentorship, that keeps this breed and others thriving. The future of the Miniature Schnauzer is bright and I remain hopeful that it will be continue to be bright as both a companion and show dog. However, I have concerns that the complexity of the grooming may pose a threat to the long-term success of the Miniature Schnauzer as a show dog. In addition, American Miniature Schnauzer Club breeders’ efforts are being diluted by the onslaught of breeders and registrations that do not reflect the breed standard. Registrations for
the breed are strong however those registrations may include “rare” sizes and colors making for the category of novelty Miniature Schnauzers. Many of the novelties sell for a great deal more than a Miniature Schnauzer from a dutiful breeder that abides by the breed standard as described by the American Miniature Schnauzer Club.
• Currently on the board and Health Committee of the American Miniature Schnauzer Club.
• A breed mentor for the American Miniature Schnauzer Club • A lifetime member of the Atlanta Kennel Club. • A member of the Professional Handlers Association. • Miniature Schnauzer Club of Atlanta, vice president, treasure, show chairperson.
Member: • Irish Terrier Club of American
• Atlanta Terrier Club • Kennesaw Kennel Club • Northwest Georgia Working Dog
RBIS, Multiple Group Winning, GCHS Legends B-B-B-Bad To The Bone - Harry Owner: Steve and Debbie Huff • Breeders: Debbie Huff, Donna Hills and Patti Henderson Presented by: Donna Hills
UKRAINIAN DOGS DURING WARTIME Cooper, the Sealyham, stayed with me for two years. I came for Westminster in 2020 with my Solo boy and took Cooper back for one year of European vacation. Several weeks after returning to Europe the pandemics burst to the level of the need of announcing lock downs in Europe. At this point everyone believed that COVID was the worst thing that could have happened. We were not able to travel to the U.S., so Cooper stayed with me one year longer, and there were no complaints from either side. It was February of this year that we got the green light for entering the U.S. again. California welcomed us with beautiful weather and breathtaking views. But the ideal vacation ended when the news we heard from the TV, that Russia attacked Ukraine. I stood there for a moment and couldn’t believe what I had heard. The twenty-first century. Europe. Someone usurps someone else’s land, invades it and starts killing people... A few days later I returned to Poland. My American friends were worried that I wouldn’t be able to get back into Europe, but at that point Poland was in no danger...or is it ever in no danger? So far, we are still safe here. The minute I arrived at the airport the phone wouldn’t stop ringing. Friends and family were informing me about the situation, about their fears, but also about their initiatives and different actions they had undertaken to make the situation better for the Ukrainians who were forced to leave their properties and run for their lives to other countries. So far, Poland was chosen as a destination for over three million Ukrainians. I’m openly not a fan of Polish government, but I must admit the help for Ukrainian citizens fleeing the country came quickly and was arranged in a very good and smart way. Train stations, event arenas, empty buildings were quickly turned into shelters and reception points. First, necessity items and warm meals were given out. Obviously, nothing would be possible without the thousands of volunteers who dedicated their time and money to help our neighbors in need. 40
Most help is, obviously, given to people, but what about animals? Thinking of dogs, we know there are tough decisions being made by pet owners and breeders. I have talked to a breeder who had to split her group of dogs and leave some with her family in the countryside of Ukraine, while she took the biggest part of them and fled to Poland. Finding a transport for over a dozen big dogs and a litter of puppies isn’t the easiest even when you’re not in a hurry. Here, every minute counted. Russian soldiers were about to enter her city and there was no time to think, no time to pack and no time to wait. Time only to escape! One breeder, of a large breed, had this story and social media has proven its bright side once again. Breeders from Poland stood up, created a group on Facebook where they monitored the breeder’s every step. They helped to arrange transport for her and her dogs to the border and then another car from the border into Poland. Someone said they had an empty house for a couple of weeks. Someone else donated ten bags of dog food. Another one came with blankets and dog beds. Clothes. Food. Donations came from around the world. Some dogs were taken temporarily home by other breeders to make it easier for the breeder to find a new home. The border is crossed by pet owners who made the choice (and/or had the possibility) of taking their pet with them. They escaped with nothing in their hands, found a place in one of the shelters in Poland and will stay there for weeks. They have their pets, but they need everything else to start a new life, as the one they previously had was interrupted by Russian invaders. I have talked to some Ukrainian pet owners at the train station in Katowice. Along with all the sadness and sorrow and pain - both physical and emotional, there is some hope in their words and some happiness in their eyes. It’s often given by their animals that just want to be with their human, for good or bad. The dogs and cats don’t understand the meanness and cruelty and thank God, they don’t.
Exactly at this moment, when I’m writing those words, I got a message that a Scottie breeder from Ukraine, Halina Chengal, together with her husband and all their dogs, were killed during an air attack by the Russian military. How much more mourning will the war take and can the Ukranian people endure? I’m grateful for all the people around the world who try to make the lives of our Ukrainian dog friends a little better. The dog community is always there to help each other.It comes with supportive words and material and financial aid. Both are essential. I applaud all the kennel clubs from every corner of the world who donated large amounts of money, In addition the local kennel club in Poland has sent trucks filled with dog food and medicine to the breeders who stayed in Ukraine. I’m grateful for every single person who is trying to make a difference. I created an account for donations that come from my friends. I’m in touch with the reception points in my area and find out what they need regarding dog supplies. I buy what is necessary and deliver it to the right places. And even though it might be seen as micromanaging, it really is important and very necessary to reach everyone who needs help Every person and every situation is a separate, sad, tragic and a touching story. I heard so many
of them about breeders and dog people having to make difficult choices. About escaping...about soldiers rescuing puppies from ruins and ashes. But let me leave you with a story I heard yesterday that made me cry a little longer. It’s about an 80-year old lady, Maria, who despite the bombings, stayed at her home and decided not to evacuate. She made this decision because she would not be able to take Bunia, her beloved dog, with her. Maria wraps the dog’s head in a handkerchief to make it less afraid of explosions: “I make sure that Bunia’s ears are fine. She is like a child to me. When the explosions are heard, she puts her face next to my head. I cry and she licks my tears away.”
Editors note: Olga is Polish and lives, for now, in Sweden where she is studying at the University. If you are interested in making a donation, Olga can be contacted at email@example.com
A Look at Books
Woodrow on the Bench: Life Lessons from a Wise Old Dog by Jenna Blum Anyone who has owned an elderly dog knows that their days are filled with peaks and valleys, and such is the case in Jenna Blum’s memoir Woodrow on the Bench: Life Lessons from a Wise Old Dog. Woodrow is a 14-year-old Labrador Retriever living with his owner in Boston. Every day Woodrow and Jenna, who live in a second-floor apartment, make their way down the stairs and across the street to take their place on a bench in the park. When there, Jenna, a writer, works while Woodrow lays in a shallow hole he has created. During this time, walkers have become familiar with them and stop to chat. Anyone who owns a dog knows that dogs are people magnets and strangers become friends with the simple sentence, “Do you have any pets?” Walkers would stop to see Jenna and pet Woodrow. This becomes an example of “it takes a village to raise a dog.” These good folks help to get Woodrow, at 90 pounds, up and down the stairs to the apartment and do anything else that is necessary for his comfort.
people who got to know Woodrow through the treat bucket. Also included is a Quality of Life Scale Calculator to help owners determine the quality of life their elderly pets are experiencing. This reviewer has a 16-year-old Border Terrier and she found the book to be a useful tool. The author is the best-selling author of The Last Family. Available: Amazon - $17,99, Barnes and Noble, $19.49. Helpful website: Journey’s Home Pet Euthanasia.
Time marches on and Woodrow celebrates his 15th birthday with those near and dear to him. However, as everyone knows, fifteen years is a major milestone for any dog, let alone, a Lab. In December, the decision has to be made…… This book is a heartfelt memoir of a dog who left a pawprint on many lives. Readers will learn about the treat bucket Jenna placed in the park by his bench to keep his memory alive as well as 44
Jenna Blum with her black Lab, Woodrow Madeline Houpt
Fran J. Garb Esq.
ESTATE PLANNING FOR YOU AND YOUR SCOTTIES
You are guaranteed the best result in estate planning if you begin earlier rather than later to take advantage of as many planning choices available to you. The key is - you are never too young to begin estate planning for your Scotties. Approximately seven years ago, I was asked if I would be interested in giving a seminar to my local club, the Scottish Terrier Club of Greater New York, on the subject of estate planning for your Scottie. I immediately said yes. This is an incredibly important subject. I think all of us, much like if we had a disabled child, understand and acknowledge it is especially critical and valuable to implement estate planning which will oversee the continued care of our Scotties when we are no longer here or able to do so. Through effective elder law planning, an individual is able to maintain control and enforce his or her choices, even when he or she is no longer able to speak for himself or herself. It is in the area of elder law that I often feel most rewarded and gratified because I am able to work with my clients and give them a pro-active voice. They are not reacting to circumstances forced upon them. They are making their voice known and exerting control over their assets for some point in the future when they have either passed away or when they may become physically or mentally incapacitated and can no longer express what their wishes are for their Scotties. In doing estate planning you are now allowed to continue to make decisions to maintain control over how to take care of your Scottie when you are no longer there or able to do so. There are three documents you need to prepare to accomplish this estate planning: a Power of Attorney,
a Trust and a Will. The Power of Attorney is a document you may already have prepared. But, you must have a provision in your Power of Attorney that would be a strict directive to ensure that if you are incapacitated or incapable of caring for your Scottie, how you want your Scottie to be cared for will be implemented. The Power of Attorney should name the individual(s) you want to be in charge of caring for your Scottie. In addition to the Power of Attorney, you also want to have in place an actual Trust. The Trust is the second document. It should also be a stand-alone document. It can be referred to in your Will as specific provisions in your Will. If you have a current Will prepared you do not need to prepare a new Will. You can prepare a Codicil to your Will that contains the Trust for your Scottie. The reason you need a separate Trust document is because the Will, which is the third separate document, only comes into effect upon your death. However, you can utilize the Will to instruct the Executor or Executrix how to fund your Trust for your Scottie if there was no need prior to your death for anyone to care for your Scottie. But, because of situations that many in the elderly population face, Summer 2022
Estate Planning for You and Your Scotties such as declining health, physical and mental deterioration, etc., it is wise to create and implement a Trust for your Scottie so its care will never be compromised should you not be capable of caring for your Scottie in a responsible manner. Again, if you had a disabled child who was not going to be able to care of himself or herself, you, as the parent, would not blink an eye at the suggestion that a Trust should be set up to care for your child. Hence, with that identical mindset, you should draw up a Trust funded with sufficient money to care for your Scottie, at least an amount large enough until a more permanent home life is established for your Scottie. Once you finalize the Trust, fund it with an amount of money so that there are funds there in essence on an emergent basis to be sure your Scottie can be taken care of appropriately. The Trust will outline what happens to your Scottie when you, as their human, either die or become incapacitated. Hence, at a point in time when (1) you can no longer speak because you are not physically capable of speaking, (2) you are no longer mentally capable or competent to make appropriate choices on behalf of your Scottie, or (3) you have passed away, this Trust which you prepared when you were of sound mind will be there to speak for you. The Trust will ensure that your, and only your instructions and wishes are complied with by the individual(s) you name in your Trust as Trustee. There should be two separate people named in your Trust, one who you are authorizing to be the authority to handle the financial aspect of your Trust, and the other person is the individual who you are conveying the right to care for or make decisions on behalf of your Scottie. These two responsibilities rarely should be handled by the same person, strictly as a safeguard, a check and balance, to ensure that more than one person is involved on behalf of your Scottie. In both the Power of Attorney and the Trust, you can be as detailed as you wish insofar as what choices you have made and what you are asking be accomplished on behalf of your Scottie. It is always a good idea for each of us to maintain a file, a dossier if you will, for each of your individual Scotties. It should include that specific Scottie’s registration, the list of its doctors, health and medical records, special diets and needs, specific food and treats it eats, when it is fed, its medications, preferred groomers, handlers, pet sitters, and whether all or certain Scotties should be maintained in a single household or together. The choices that you make for the person you list to be the Trustee caregiver of your Scottie may very well be your spouse, may very well be the person who you co-own the Scottie with, may very well be none of these people. The person you co-own the Scottie with may have absolutely no interest in physically having the Scottie live with him or her. Your spouse may not want the responsibility or may not be able to continue to care for your Scottie because of his or her own
mental or physical decline to truly care for the Scottie. Your children may not want to have the obligation to care for your Scottie. Even if they do, they may not be able to because of their housing situation. So, whoever it is who you choose to care for your Scottie, one of the most important things you must do is to confer with him or her first, make certain they agree to assume this responsibility, no hard feelings if they don’t, and then, if at all possible, put it in writing and in the Trust. You always need to have one, if not two, back-up people, both as to who is going to care for your Scottie and who is going to be the person responsible for the financial aspects of the Trust. This is because when it comes time to actually begin to care and take responsibility for your Scottie, the first person who you chose may not be able to perform or choose not to perform. Then, all your planning falls apart because the one person who you chose decides they don’t want to do it. If you have a second back up, and if possible, a third back-up, you are always in control, you always, as best is possible, have in place those people who you feel comfortable will care and love your Scottie. There are other aspects of law that affect Estate planning for your Scottie. Matrimonial law and co-ownership agreements also come into play. Matrimonial law must be considered because, regardless of whether you have a co-ownership agreement or not, if you have purchased your Scottie while you were married, it is an asset of the marriage, black and white. Unless you purchased your Scottie with an inheritance that was not co-mingled with marital assets, it doesn’t matter if you used money that you alone earned, the Scottie is an asset of the marriage. So, unless you only used funds that you inherited, whether your spouse is not on any papers, contracts, registrations, etc, your spouse is an owner, because your Scottie is a marital asset. Perhaps your decisions are going to be unified and you and your spouse are going to be on the same page. But if you choose to have your Scottie go to the co-owner of the Scottie, your co-ownership is a business. That business is looked at much the same as if you had a partnership in an automotive dealership. Your spouse now becomes your co-owner’s partner if you pass away, etc. Your Scottie is personal property. Your Scottie is considered a chattel, which is defined as “personal possessions and property which are movable, things that have no concern with the land.” I have had two cases recently where as part of the divorce proceedings the dog became one of the biggest disputes between the parties. Previously, the Courts in New Jersey did not want anything to do with this issue and scoffed at the concept. Courts are now willing to get involved. But, it is costly. So, when you are doing Estate planning, you and your spouse must be very much on the same page as to how to care for your Scottie, regardless of whether you individually co-own the Scottie with another person. Your spouse has to be in agreement with your directives. And, very
likely, that would be the case. But it is also very likely they would not. It is always best to confirm everything in writing when the times are good, not when you are divorcing, or in a compromised physical or mental crisis. A critical point here is that the Power of Attorney, Trust, and Will all need to be drawn up properly. They should not be documents you prepare yourself, or with the guidance of the various on-line legal documents or sample legal documents that are available. They should not be documents that you prepare based on your discussions with other people who have Powers of Attorney, Trusts or Wills that were prepared by their attorneys. Every single individual has a unique set of facts, instructions, desires, problems and aspects of their estate planning that are exclusive to his or her issues. The last thing you want to do is to go through the thought process and the planning process to prepare for the care for your Scottie when you are no longer able to do so, only to find that the document you prepared by yourself or through an on-line internet service does not do what you want it to do. By that point in time, it will be too late. You will have either passed away or you will be incapacitated and no longer have the mental or physical ability to make the appropriate decisions. You need to see an attorney. What I suggest is to go on line or call the Bar Association of your state and get the telephone number for the Lawyer Referral Services for the county where you reside or other counties that are nearby. Call the state or county Lawyer Referral Service and request the name and contact information of an experienced attorney in the particular areas of Elder Law or Trusts and Estates. They will refer you to the participating attorneys. Then consult with the attorney you have been referred to who has the experience in these areas of law. The last point I want to mention in relation to estate planning for your Scottie is Medicaid planning. In the event that you do not choose to set aside money to fund this Trust at the time you are forming the Trust, if you are ever in a situation where you choose to do Medicaid Planning, you may no longer have the funds available to fund this Trust. Also, according to Medicaid regulations, Medicaid may not view funding the Trust as an approved use of the money. So, while it is not illegal for you to fund the Trust, Medicaid may demand that those funds be returned back to your assets to be available for you to spend down before they find you eligible for Medicaid assistance. Hence, although you have the trust provisions in place, you have no money to fund it. That could be a major problem in order to ensure your ultimate goals are carried out. Right now, the look-back period for Medicaid planning is five years. In other words, anything that you do now with your monies, from this point backward for five years, if in the interim you have set up the Trust within the five years you applied for Medicaid, Medicaid has a right to look at and
question and determine whether they view the use of the monies is an acceptable use according to their regulations. If it is beyond the five years previous to when you apply for Medicaid, you do not have to inform Medicaid how you used these funds. So, whether Medicaid approves of the funding of your Trust or not, it is no longer relevant. I realize I have covered many different areas of law. That is why, as I stated above, if you are interested in estate planning for your Scottie, I suggest you call the specific attorney referral service or bar association for your state or county. Ask to be referred to an attorney who specializes in trusts and estates, or in elder law. Please note that the laws, statutes and court rules vary for every state. Fran J. Garb, Esquire has been an attorney in New Jersey since 1983 and has a general civil law and litigation practice in Morristown, New Jersey. She has practiced in elder law and estate planning for over twenty years. Disclaimer: The information contained in this article is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice or an offer to perform services on any subject matter. This article contains general information and may not reflect current legal developments, verdicts or settlements. Readers of this article should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this article without seeking appropriate legal advice on the particular facts and circumstances at issue from an attorney licensed in the reader’s state. The Law Office of Fran J. Garb expressly disclaims all liability with respect to actions taken or not taken based on any or all the information or other contents of this article. ADDENDUM The COVID-19 pandemic has crystalized the absolute importance to do all that is necessary to be a responsible Scottie owner. It is imperative for each of us to update our estate planning documents. This includes your Power of Attorney and Will. Both documents must now provide for another person(s) to have the legal authority to care for and make all decisions which are necessary to fully protect your Scottie(s) should you experience a medical circumstance that impedes your physical abilities to care for your Scottie(s). That person(s) must be authorized to have access to your Scottie(s)’ medical information from your veterinarian pursuant to your fully executed HIPAA release. In addition, if you co-own Scotties, your estate planning documents must also now provide that upon one of the co-owners’ passing, the surviving co-owner(s) has automatic sole legal rights to possession, ownership and decision-making authority for any co-owned Scottie(s). 5/12/2020 NOTE: This article was first published in the Scottish Terrier Club of America’s The Bagpiper in 2020. Attorney Fran J. Garb gave TerrierGreoup permission to print it. Although this article is about Scotties, the information on Estate Planning for your dog will be helpful for any breed. TerrierGroup would like to thank Fran for allowing us to use this article and enlighted our readers on this very important issue. Summer 2022
Mrs. John Winant (Marion Eppley), and the Edgerstoune Kennels of West Highland White Terriers. (1899-1983)
The Edgerstoune Kennels, located in New Hampshire, was the largest kennel of West Highland White Terriers (and an occasional Scottish Terrier) in America, active from the 1930s until its closing in 1954. This was the era when wealthy individuals, particularly on the East coast, had large kennels often of more than one breed of dogs, that were managed and handled by kennel managers. For terriers these were men (always men) who came from the British Isles and had a background of terrier management and handling. Mrs. Winant was born into a family of wealth and married John Winant in 1919 at the age of nineteen. John, a graduate of Princeton, became governor of New Hampshire in 1925, 1930 and again in 1933. Although a Republican he was well known and respected by President Franklin Roosevelt and in 1941 Roosevelt selected him to replace Joseph Kennedy as ambassador to Great Britain Mrs. Winant had a good eye for a dog and not only did she breed some excellent top winners but she imported dogs from the UK of which two became big winners and made an impact upon their breeds…the West Highland White Terrier and the Scottish Terrier. Mrs. Winant judged in England and brought home a Westie bitch that she had placed best in show, Ch. Wolvey Pattern of Edgerstoune. Upon arriving in America, Pattern won best in show at the Manchester Kennel Club, which was the first time a Westie had won a best in show in America, and she then went on to win best in show at Westminster Kennel Club in 1942. At a later date Mrs. Winant again judged in the UK and brought 52
Ch. Wolvey Pattern of Edgerstoune, WKC Best in Show 1942 home the Scottish Terrier that she had put up for best in show – Ch.Walsing Winning Trick of Edgerstoune, who went best in show at Westminster Kennel Club in 1950. Ch. Edgerstoune Troubadour, Trick’s son, sired 35 Scottie champions. As John Marvin wrote, “So twice Mrs. Eppley placed a dog best in show in England and twice she backed up her decision by buying the dog and then winning top honors with her purchase in the United States.” Mrs. Winant believed that puppies must start out on the right foot at the time of their birth and had a separate kennel with their own manager, Mrs. Fred Leonard, who did the utmost to bring out the best in her charges. In both West Highland Whites and the Scotties, Mrs. Winant’s stud dogs were always available for the fancy to use. And because of this both Westie and Scottie breeders had the use of the best of stud dogs from the UK as well as her winning dogs bred in America.
There are some sad notes to this history, found on the internet. John Winant, while in England as ambassador, worked closely with Winston Churchill and spent many weekends at Churchill’s home, Chequers. During that time John fell in love with Churchill’s daughter and they saw each other not only on the weekends at Chequers but during the week in London. Both were married at the time, although John’s marriage to Marion was not a happy one, and Sarah Churchill was separated from her husband. Upon returning to the U.S., when John realized that he would not be marrying Sarah, he committed suicide in 1947.
Mrs. Winant went on to marry two more times, and after a long illness died in 1983. Ch.Walsing Winning Trick of Edgerstoune, WKC Best in Show, 1950
Sources: The Internet Cindy Cooke, The New Scottish Terrier John Marvin, The Complete West Highland Terrier Wm. Stifel, The Dog Show, 125 years of Westminster
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