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Table of Contents Volume 7 Number 1 • Winter 2021

8 Editorial Muriel Lee 12 Holiday Plants Dr. Yvonne Costa DVM

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2022 WKC Judging Panel Muriel Lee

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Ornaments... Not Just for the Holidays Anymore

Melanie Feldges

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AKC National Champions Judges AKC Press Release

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Interview: Allison Sunderman A TerrierGroup Interview

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Can You Dig It Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD

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A Look at Books: What is a Dog

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REMEMBERING: Glenn & Jean Fancy

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Montgomery Weekend

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Best Age to Spay or Neuter

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Bedlington Breeder Elena Pykhtar

Mary Larson Muriel Lee

Carol Brown

CHF - Dr. Sharon Albright DVM CCRT Olga Forlicz

TerrierGroup 2021 All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Disclaimer: the editor reserves the right to refuse, edit, shorten or modify any material submitted. The editor’s decision on all printed material is final. The views expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the publisher. The publisher can not be held responsible for breach of copyright rising from any material supplied. No responsibility is taken for errors and inaccuracies or claims in advertisements. Anyone wishing to contribute their artwork, short stories or comments can submit them to melanie@ terriergroup.org

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Advertisers • Winter 2021 Lynn Apel............................................................................ 33 Carl and Jamie Ashby................................................. 34-35 Teresa Lynn Bell................................................................. 6-7 Kathy Blaesing................................................... Back Cover Jose (Che) Benavidez............................................ 40-41, 43 Mary C. Campbell............................................................ 33 Karen Coffey..................................................................... 2-3 Ariel Cukler.................................................................... 28-29 Karen Fitzpatrick................................................................ 33 Laurie Friesen................................................................ 54-55 Alex Geisler........................................................................ 37 Lynn Grimsley.................................................................... 37 Kurt Garmaker.............................................................. 10-11 Nancy Han......................................................................... 15 Marian Harding............................................................ 10-11 Charlene Johnson............................................................ 2-3 Hayley Keyes................................................................ 28-29 Catherine LaBella............................................................. 2-3 Kendall Lake...................................................................... 17 Philip J. Lemieux..................................................... 40-41, 43 Janie MacBryde........................................................... 34-35 Liz McKinney...................................................................... 37 Stacy McWilliams.......................................................... 22-23 Marie Murphy............................................................... 10-11 Theresa Nesbitt MD................................................ Cover, 14 Red Hills Animal Reproductive Specialties..................... 39 Steve and Debi Russell...................................................... 21 John Saemann.................................................................. 15 Scott Schuette.................................................................... 15 Jennifer Stevens............................................................ 28-29 Lisa Venske......................................................................... 33 United States Kerry Blue Terrier Club................................ 53 Terri Vandezande............................................... Back Cover Maripi Wooldridge....................................................... 28-29 Stacy Zimmerman........................................................ 22-23

Thank You Advertisers!

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Muriel Lee • EDITORIAL

TerrierGroup Editorial This year is ending on a higher note than 2020, with dog shows being held and the country opening up to foreign visitors. Westminster Kennel Club, January 24th - 26th will look more like the old days when foreign visitors and their dogs will be in the rings and then seated in the stands. However, all foreign visitors must show the required paperwork because of the pandemic. A big and welcomed change from 2020! Our European writer Olga Forlicz will be attending and we look forward to her reporting and photos.

weather. However, the weekend, with near perfect weather, was very successful and everyone looks forward to being at the same site next year. We are fortunate to have an article written up by the two show chairmen, Robert Thomas of Hatboro Dog Club and Wayne Ferguson of Montgomery County Kennel Club, which gives us a first-hand look at what it takes to put together two top-tier dog shows in a new show site. Cause for lots of phone calls, emails and probably some sleepless nights, but it all paid off in spades!

And that brings us to the death of Mary Bloom, official photographer for the American Kennel Club. Many don’t know that she was known in several other picture-taking venues. She was the only female photographer to photograph the Harp Seal hunt and the Grey Seal hunt on the Orknay Isles, off of Newfoundland and for twenty years she was the photographer in residence at the Cathedral of St John’s in NYC, which is the largest Gothic cathedral in the world. She will be missed.

William Secord’s monthly newsletter had a beautiful oil of a Jack Russell terrier painted 1877 by Frank Bramley. Secord’s Gallery, a must see if you have an interest in canine art, is located at 29 West 15th St, New York. He is open during Westminster week. For hours, check out his website.

The Montgomery County Kennel Club show in October went off very successfully even though it was a new venue for the two clubs, Hatboro Dog Show and the Montgomery County show. New show sites can be difficult – handlers are not certain about the set-up, spectators worry about parking and everyone is concerned about the

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Theresa Nesbitt has a terrific article on digging terriers, and there is an important article on toxic Christmas plants that should be kept away from your pets. The judging couple Glenn and Jean Fancy are featured in Remembering and if you remember them you have been around a long time.


News from around…The Washington Post had an interesting article called Pandemic Pups. Once a joy these pups can be a problem when their owners return to their jobs away from home and the pup, now a young adult suddenly finds himself alone for eight to ten hours. There is anow a large interest in doggy day care and there are even courses, for those with money, in anxiety separation. Long gone are the days when a dog was a dog. However, The Tampa Bay Times had an article titled “Pandemic pups are staying put” noting that there new family members aren’t going anywhere.

good pickers who brought her many gems. And, of course, a few of those gems ended up in our homes. Now the short trip from our house to Albertville takes us right into a huge outlet mall and all signs of the town are gone. How the world has changed – in so many ways. Winter in Minnesota can be long and tough so my Scottie friend Marilyn Cathcart, who lives along the Mississippi Rover in St Paul, has a cold and wet walk with her two Scotties. She ordered up some Scottie outdoor weather for them and sent me a photo to show how well they fit.

Town and Country magazine, (where else?) has an article on dress for your dog. Burberry coats and jeweled collars, with the excuse that “our dogs give us an excuse to show off…People aren’t dressing up, but they still keep up appearances by dressing up their dogs.” Designer Thom Browne says that cashmere is all his Dachsi wears. Colors are in for dog clothing as the bright colors will give them more attention, and that’s what the owner wants. And that takes me to Prince Charles who has taken his terriers into his bespoke tailors to have them properly fitted for their rain jackets. Recently my husband and I took a 20-minute drive from our house, up Interstate 94 North to Albertville, MN, to the outlet mall. For those from the Minneapolis/St Paul area, this is the route that is taken to the dog shows in Fargo, ND and Moorhead, MN, towns across the Red River that flows to the North, in addition to every year, until recently, had massive flooding problems in the spring. Driving time from one city to the next is two minutes. On one of our early trips to Fargo we saw a small sign that said “Antiques.” We made a quick turn and found the antique shop above Bob’s Shoes. We stopped, went up the stairs, knocked on the door, out came Miss Emily. She took us down the hall into her very large shop that looked out over the cornfields. What a find for us! Wonderful antiques as she had

TerrierGroup is beginning its seventh year of publication, which is a major accomplishment for a magazine that started on a shoestring, but three talented ladies, I say in all modesty, have put their hearts into it and publisher, Melanie Feldges, has also put in her sweat, soul and hard work, as well as a few worries. Thanks to all of you readers and advertisers for getting us started in 2016 and for keeping us going so we can look forward to seeing all of you in 2022.

Happy Holidays! As always, send us your ideas, your questions and especially, your ads!

Muriel Lee • Editor

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Dr. Yvonne Costa DVM

HOLIDAY PLANTS

Festive Dangers to Your Dog Most of us like to decorate for the holidays, and often give or receive decorative plants as gifts. Often times these plants are ingested by our pets, causing alarm and visits to the ER or at the very least, frantic calls to their veterinarians. In this article, I will name a few of the most commonly seen decorative plants and d escribe their toxic potential, clinical signs, and treatments.

To begin, I want to make clear that toxic does not mean that it is fatal. The brief description of toxic is “capable of causing injury or death.” Much of the toxic potential of the plants to be addressed is dependent on the amount of material ingested. In addition, the size of the dog ingesting the plant plays a role in the degree of signs he/she will display, with puppies being at greater risk than full grown dogs. The most common decorative plant during the holidays is probably the CHRISTMAS TREE which is mildly toxic. The main issue is the tree oil which can cause irritation to the mouth and the gastrointestinal (G.I.) system. Consequently, clinical signs include excessive drooling and vomiting. Rinsing the mouth with tap water and withholding food and water for 1-2 hours to allow the stomach to rest is sufficient. An additional problem that could arise is from the ingestion of pine needles. These are not easily digested and can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Needles are also very sharp and can perforate the intestines 12

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and if ingested in large amounts can cause obstruction along the G.I. Tract. Another factor that is important to address with the Christmas tree is the water used in the stand. This water can have pesticides, fertilizers, aspirin and other agents used to preserve the tree and these can have more serious consequences to your dog and can result in serious illness or even death. Always keep the water stand covered to prevent consumption by pets. MISTLETOE is a common and popular yuletide decoration. Mistletoe is a parasitic plant that takes up water and nutrients from its host plant. It is believed that the toxic quality of the mistletoe is dependent on the toxic gradient of its host plant. Because of this, uncertainty exists about the toxicity level of this popular plant. In general, however, it is believed to have a very low toxic potential and very serious poisonings from ingestion of this vine are very infrequent. The most common signs are those pertaining to the G.I. tract. These include drooling, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Treatment involves inducing vomiting and withholding food for 1-2 hours to allow the G.I. tract to settle. In more severe cases, maintaining hydration and electrolyte balance may have to be done and your veterinarian’s office can provide this service. Also be aware that the natural berries on the decoration many times are replaced with plastic one. These are not poisonous but can cause irritation to the G.I. tract and obstruction if ingested in large amounts. Everyone knows the POINSETTIAS, those nice plants, whose pink, red, white or mottled leaves are confused as the flowers. It is the tiny yellow


structures in the cymatium that are the flowers. Urban legend has made this plant to be very toxic to pets, but this, as it turns out, is not true. This plant contains a thick, milky sap that is only mildly toxic. Common clinical signs post ingestion includes nausea, vomiting, anorexia, and depression and are self-limiting, requiring minimal treatment. Withholding food for 1-2 hours is sufficient and allows the G.I. tract to settle down. The CHRISTMAS CACTUS, also known as crab’s claw cactus, causes minimal clinical signs. Ingestion can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression and anorexia. Treatment is not necessary in most cases, and just withholding food for 1-2 hours to allow the G.I. tract to rest is all that is necessary. Another popular decorative plant is the HOLLY. This plant has characteristic spinous leaves and brightly colored fruit. As with most of the above mentioned plants, ingestion can cause G.I. signs such as drooling, vomiting, anorexia, and diarrhea. Because of the spiny nature of the leaves, dogs may be seen shaking their heads and smacking their mouths due to mechanical irritation. The treatment required is minimal and aimed at quieting the G.I. tract by withholding food for 1-2 hours and rinsing their mouth to decrease the level of irritation. If the vomiting and diarrhea persist, a visit to your veterinarian’s office may be required where IV fluids may be given. AMARYLLIS is another plant that may be present in your home during the holidays. The plants themselves are toxic resulting in vomiting, drooling and diarrhea. It is the bulbs that present the greatest danger as these can be highly toxic if ingested in larger amounts. The signs associated with bulb consumption are weakness, tremors, seizures and changes in blood pressure. Your veterinarian will be able to assist you in providing immediate and intensive treatment.

I have briefly described common holiday ornamental plants with their toxic potential and the treatment that is usually needed. I must stress, however, that anytime your pet ingests a plant that you believe may be harmful, it is essential that you call your veterinarian as soon as possible for advice. Prompt medical intervention can make a significant difference in your pet’s response to the ingestion and the clinical signs it may develop. Timely care can at times make a difference between life and death. Remember that being able to recognize the plant involved is crucial in determining what kind of treatment is required. If you do not know the name of the plant, take a picture of it with your cell phone and bring it to your vet’s office. There are different pet poison hot lines you can call. The ASPCA and others have 24-hour call centers and they can help you determine the extent of risk your dog poses. Most will require a fee for their services. All that said, have a safe and happy holiday season!!! ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center Phone: 1-888-426-4435 ($65.00 consultation fee Hotline hours: 24 hours a day, 365 days a year Animal Poison Hotline Phone: 1-888-232-8870 ($35.00 per incident) Hotline hours: 24-hours a day, 7 days a week Pet Poison Helpline Phone: 1-800-213-6680 ($39.00 per incident includes initial consultation and follow-up calls) National Animal Poison Control Center at the University of Illinois Phone: 1-800-548-2423 ($30.00 per case) or 1-900-680-0000 ($20.00 for the first 5 minutes, $2.95 per minute thereafter) Kansas State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital Phone: 1-785-532-5679 Hotline hours: 24-hours a day, FREE to call Winter 2021

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Melanie Feldges

ORNAMENTS… Not Just for the Holidays Anymore

Looking back at Christmas and the holiday season as a kid always brings me joy and the feeling of warmth from memories of family and friends. I have a sense of belonging to the most wonderful time of the year. One of my strongest remembrances were the ornaments on our silver aluminum Christmas tree. They were so lovingly and carefully tucked away each year as if putting a precious life to rest, until it is time to wake al the glory and enchantment that is the season the following December. My childhood days are long gone, but those emotions and memories always come rushing back every time I open the big red and green bin marked “Ornaments.” Youlia Anderson • Furrytale Ceramic Studio 18

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Through the years I have gathered my own collection of very special trimmings. I find myself getting lost in the magic while sipping a glass of wine as I admire my beautiful tree in all its grandeur. A journal of my past begins to unfold in front of my eyes...and no, it has nothing to do with the wine…it is the ornaments on my tree that take me back to the days of old. Each ornament brings to light where my heart was at that point in my life. For some years my gaze fell upon colorful steeds decked out with holly and bows, prancing and dancing on evergreen boughs. The reflections of my life evolved into new adventures when my first Kerry Blue Terrier became part of the family and Kerry ornaments began to creep onto the branches, along with my best loverd movie ornaments from the “Wizard of Oz.” There came a time when I decided I just couldn’t put the merriment away for 11 months. I wanted to keep the holiday feeling alive throughout the year and now my kitchen is a

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gallery filled with Dorothy, Scarecrow, Tin Man, Cowardly Lion, Glenda the Witch of the North and the Wicked Witch of the West, along with the rest of Oz. The Kerry ornaments reside in my office and grooming room with my horses, intertwined in my own little Christmas 365 days a year. Today ornaments can bring delight for every season and occasion. I have seen Americana trees for the 4th of July, Halloween trees, Valentine Trees and Easter trees. We can honor our veterans, doctors, nurses, firefighters and police, different nationalities, traditions, religions, through ornaments. The list does not have an end. There is a treasure for every situation or need. As I researched this article, I was amazed at the beautiful ornaments that are available

in the canine world. Many are customized with breed, color and name of your terrier. Artisans work over clay and paint in a labor of love to produce that “one-of-a-kind” keepsake. Glass blown terriers in every shape and size sparkle with whimsey and style. In porcelain, plastic, wood, you name it, a terrier ornament exists to bring a little joy to the day by remembering that particular pet’s antics it may represent. My friends, enjoy the ornaments I have compiled and have the absolute best holiday season!

Merry Christmas, Happy Holidays and Happy New Year to all. Terrier ornaments can be found on Amazon

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American Kennel Club Press Release

AKC National Championship Dog Show Judging Panel The American Kennel Club® (AKC®) is pleased to announce the judging panel for the 2021 AKC National Championship Presented by Royal Canin to be held at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Florida on Saturday, December 18 and Sunday, December 19, 2021. The 2021 event will showcase the top canine athletes and will also include popular attractions such as the Best Bred-by-Exhibitor competition, the AKC National OwnerHandled Series Finals, and the AKC Royal Canin National All-Breed Puppy and Junior Stakes. The show will once again take place alongside the AKC Agility Invitational and the Obedience Classic, with junior events in Conformation, Agility, Obedience and Rally. Leading the charge as Best in Show judge for the 2021 National Championship is Mr. Dana P. Cline of Albany, GA and Mr. Elliott B. Weiss of Novelty, OH will judge Best Bred-by-Exhibitor in Show. The judges for the National OwnerHandled Series Finals and the AKC Royal Canin National All-Breed Puppy and Junior Stakes will be announced at a later date. “The AKC National Championship Presented by Royal Canin continues to be a world-class event, and with Dana and Elliott heading the panel, this year will be no different,” said Show Chairman Dennis B. Sprung. “The 2021 event promises to be an exciting competition for breeders, exhibitors and judges.”

Judges for the seven variety groups and the Miscellaneous Classes at the AKC National Championship are: • SPORTING

Elizabeth “Beth” Sweigart – Bowmansville, PA

• HOUND

Ms. Pamela Bruce – Ontario, Canada

• WORKING

Mr. Norman B. Kenney – Crossroads, TX

• TERRIER

Mr. Edd E. Bivin – Ft. Worth, TX

• TOY

Mr. James A. Moses – Roswell, GA

• NON-SPORTING

Mrs. Susan St. John Brown – Divide, CO

• HERDING

Mr. Charles L. Olvis – Lake Wales, FL

• MISCELLANEOUS CLASSES

Pamela S. Lambie – Phoenix, AZ

• BEST JUNIOR HANDLER

Mrs. Debbie L. Melgreen – Yates City, IL

• JUNIOR PRELIMS

Miss Kimberly A. Langlands and Jeffrey M. Hanlin, Jr.

Judges for Bred-by-Exhibitor variety groups are:

• SPORTING

Mrs. Debbie L. Melgreen – Yates City, IL

• HOUND

Pamela S. Lambie – Phoenix, AZ

• WORKING

Mr. Terry Stacy – Chapel Hill, NC

• TERRIER

Mr. Lawrence Cornelius – Palm Springs, CA

• TOY

Dr. Gareth Morgan-Jones – Auburn, AL

• NON-SPORTING

Mr. Timothy Catterson – New Castle, IN

• HERDING Mrs. Cathy H. Daugherty – Hot Springs, AR

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TERRIER GROUP BREED ASSIGNMENTS • Mr. Clay Coady - Airedale Terriers • Elizabeth “Beth” Sweigart - American Hairless Terriers, Australian Terriers, Bedlington Terriers, Border Terriers, Manchester Terriers (Standard), Rat Terriers, Sealyham Terriers

• Jamie Hubbard - American Staffordshire Terriers, Bull Terriers (colored & white), Irish Terriers, Kerry Blue Terriers, Russell Terriers, Skye Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers

• Mrs. Rosalind Kramer - Cairn Terriers • Mr. Elliott B. Weiss - Cesky Terriers, Dandie Dinmont Terriers, Fox Terriers (Wire), Miniature Bull Terriers, Norfolk Terriers, Norwich Terriers, Parson Russell Terriers, Welsh Terriers, West Highland White Terriers

• Mrs. Bergit Coady-Kabel - Fox Terriers (Smooth), Miniature Schnauzers, Scottish Terriers, Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers

• Mr. Thomas S. Powers - Glen of Imaal Terriers • Mr. Harold “Red” Tatro III - Lakeland Terriers About Best in Show judge Mr. Dana P. Cline: Dana P. Cline, of Albany, GA, received his first Great Dane from his parents in the late 1960’s, and from that moment he knew that he would have a lifetime of involvement with this breed and with dogs. As a young child he exhibited in 4H, training in both obedience and conformation. He found the dog show world in his teenage years, spending nearly every weekend traveling to shows and helping professional handlers. While his main interest was always in Great Danes, he worked hard to learn about other breeds and to become more active in all breeds. All of his weekends spent at dogs shows eventually led him to a career as a professional handler, where he specialized in Danes and sight hounds, but also handling various other breeds along the way. Breeding has always been a favorite aspect of this sport for Mr. Cline and he currently breeds and exhibits Tibetan Mastiffs and Italian Greyhounds. He has bred nearly 100 champions in a variety of breeds, primarily Great Danes, but also Borzoi, German Wirehaired Pointers,

Miniature Bull Terriers, Beagles, Italian Greyhounds, and Tibetan Mastiffs and is also a Breeder of Merit. He was a long-time member of the Great Dane Club of America and is currently a member of The American Tibetan Mastiff Association. Mr Cline is an All-Breed Judge. He has judged in a number of foreign countries, multiple National Specialties, as well as many of the country’s top shows. He was also the Recipient of the 2017 AKC Judge of the Year.

About Best Bred-By-Exhibitor judge Mr. Elliott B. Weiss: Elliott B. Weiss, of Novelty, Ohio, was born in New York City and grew up in the Catskill Mountains of New York State. The very first show he attended was the 1956 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. It was love at first sight. He began exhibiting dogs in 1963, and from 1965 through 1968 he was an apprentice handler to the late Ted Young Jr. Mr. Weiss became a licensed professional handler in 1969. In a 1985 Kennel Review poll, the fancy voted Mr. Weiss among the top 10 handlers of the time. He has owned and bred Cocker Spaniels, Clumber Spaniels, Giant Schnauzers, Pointers, and English Setters. He was a charter member and founding president of the Monticello New York Kennel Club. Mr. Weiss retired from handling in 1993 and began his judging career the following year. He is approved to judge Best in Show; Sporting, Hound, Terrier, Toy and Non-Sporting groups; and several additional breeds from the Working and Herding groups. He judged Best in Show in 2018 and the Terrier group in 2020 at the AKC National Championship. Mr. Weiss owns, exhibits, and occasionally breeds English Setters under the Wyndswept banner. Media Contacts: Brandi Hunter Vice President of Public Relations & Communications American Kennel Club 212-696-8220 Brandi.Hunter@akc.org

Courtney Suthoff Royal Canin 636.448.6137 Courtney.suthoff@ royalcanin.com

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A TerrierGroup Interview

An Interview with Handler Allison Sunderman I grew up in Dearborn, Michigan with multiple breeds of dogs, including a Beagle and a Miniature Poodle. I started showing my Poodle in 4H when I was about 13 years old and that is when and how I found out about dog shows. I’m not sure how old I was when I went to my first dog show but I was just a spectator and I was instantly hooked!

My love for terriers and dog shows is what pushed me towards dog showing as a career.

I got my first Welsh Terrier when I was fifteen or sixteen years old and they have been my primary breed since then. Their look, their size, and their spunky terrier temperaments are my favorite things about them.

Life as a professional handler is very busy. Dog shows include a lot of traveling and long working hours. When I am not at dog shows there is still lot of caring for the dogs, and of course, trimming and grooming! However, it does have its up-side, as I enjoy being my own boss and being around likeminded individuals that enjoy showing, breeding and caring for dogs.

I started professionally handling in1982, showing mostly Airedales, Welsh and some Irish Terriers.

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I have shown some other breeds outside of the terriers including Dachshunds, Standard Schnauzers and Poodles, but Terriers have always been my favorite no matter what I have been showing.


Over the years I have had a number of people who have worked with me and acted as assistants including my husband, Joe Sunderman and my children. Nicole Williams has been a long-standing assistant and friend. I have been lucky to have many clients and friends who have helped me at shows and I have had many long-time, wonderful clients that greatly appreciate and who have made it all possible! Terriergroup is very appreciative of the time that Allison has spent with us.

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Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD

CAN YOU DIG IT? The Terrier’s Toolbox The dwarves from Snow White aren’t the only ones fond of digging. Terriers don’t come equipped with a shovel or a pick, but they do possess several characteristics that enable them to be master excavators.

books, infusing some terrier into your breeding program was likely to kick it up a notch. The Bully breeds just direct that prey-drive digging instinct in other directions. In The Encyclopedia of Canine Terminology, Edward M Gilbert summarizes the “earthdog” perfectly… In Europe, farmers and hunters used small terriers and Dachshunds to pursue vermin to its lair and then to follow the game into the ground. These dogs possess not only the physical attributes that allow them to descend into the animal’s den and to battle the animal on its own terms, but they have the courage and mental abilities to accept the challenge of subterranean pursuit.

If we dive in head first we come up with the one trait common to the entire group gameness. Terriers don’t let anything come between them and their “prize,” including dirt, rocks, roots and other animals — be it vermin or other dogs. Before there were closed registry

Terrier attitude counts for a lot, but modern breed standards still call for specific conformational attributes that help terriers dig better in different terrains and protect them from the hazards of burrowing in different types of soil and rocks. Although descriptions of terriers or “earthdogs” have been around for many centuries, specific breeds are a new way of describing advantageous or attractive characteristics to humans breeding them. To this day, working terriers are a meritocracy based on abilities Dachshund underground, Rachel Page Elliot

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Most breed standards call for a scissor bite which offers the maximum shearing force - just like a root cutter tool. The Russell Terrier standard calls for a neck “of sufficient length to allow the terrier’s mouth to extend beyond its forepaws when working.” Left to their own anatomy, humans are very poor diggers. Soil is just too much of a barrier for our hands. Humans need tools. One instance where humans employ tools to dig like terriers is to rescue people buried in snow. New research in the “science of snow shoveling” has created modifications in techniques and tool design that make this essential job remarkably more efficient. They might have used the terriers as a blueprint! underground. These traits are still present in the current breed standards. Digging terriers tend to have smaller, oval-shaped and more deeply set eyes. That combined with their spirited dispositions give a characteristic keen expression. A large, round, protuberant eye is more vulnerable to injury from dirt. Eyebrows offer additional protection and are often a key feature - some breeds like the Sealyhams and Lakelands have an extravagant unibrow called a fall. Scotties are the Brook Shields of browdom big, bushy and beautifully sculpted! Since Q-tips are unlikely to be part of the digging dogs’ toolbox, it’s useful to have some adaptations to keep the soil out of the ears. Scotties have some nifty muscles which help them seal shut their prick ears to keep the dirt out. Many other terrier breeds call for a button ear which serves the same function.

Modern “avalanche shovels” can be used in the traditional way or converted to “hoe mode.” Traditional shovel mode should be employed when digging deep in hard avalanche debris and when there is a need for accuracy and craftsmanship. Hoe mode was more effective for shallow excavation scenarios, for softer snow or to start digging. Dogs that go to ground basically have two different anatomical modifications to their front assemblies that facilitate the biomechanics needed to “shift soil” in much the same way the hoe and shovel modes “shift snow.” Some of the long-legged terriers have a long, well-angled scapula combined with a relatively short and forwardly rotated upper arm. The forechest is leveled with the point-of-shoulder; there is no significant forward projection when viewed from the side. This is the so-called “terrier front.” It is typically combined with strong, straight

True terrier spirit means nothing stands in the way between the dog and the prey. That means many terriers (as well as Dachshunds) will use their teeth to tear at roots and rocks.

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pasterns and small round feet and it works very much like a hoe in the dirt. The long-legged terriers with this construction fling dirt straight back between their legs. In nature, efficient diggers, like badgers, groundhogs, moles and armadillos usually have short thick forearms and large feet/claws to move dirt out to the sides or between the legs with short, powerful strokes. The short-legged terriers tend to use their feet more like shovels and their forefeet are often larger and rounder than those in the rear. These more oversized paws can scoop and scrape heavier or rocky soil between the legs or around the sides mimicking “the breaststroke.” Old paintings of Dachshunds, Scottish Terriers, Dandie Dinmonts, and Skye Terriers show turned out feet that, with generations of breeding (and a lot of arguing), have resulted in the more modern forward-facing feet. The Glen of Imaal Terrier retains this “antique feature” in their standard, which calls for “slight but perceptible turnout.” A slight turnout of the feet is probably helpful in sweeping the soil to the sides. Still, there is no anatomical advantage to extreme turnout or excessively crooked fiddle fronts - these exaggerations are not functional. For short-legged dogs it’s essential to have an adequate forechest - a prominent prosternum which is the bony attachment for the welldeveloped pectoral muscles. When the chest

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descends below the elbows, there should be palpable and visible “front.” Expert grooming can create the illusion of an adequate front with a “wonderbra” effect. That’s why palpation is a critical component of the examination. Standards are written to reflect and retain features of purpose-bred dogs. Although many jobs have become obsolete, many terriers continue to hunt for underground quarry. The American Working Terrier Association (AWTA) was founded to promote terriers of correct size, conformation and character to perform as working terriers. AKC Earthdog Trials use manmade tunnels, but a Working Terrier Certificate requires the dogs to dig in the dirt and engage the quarry. It’s worth noting that not all terriers are eligible to compete, but Dachshunds are included! Dachshunds are designed to dig, and possess many features in common with short-legged terriers. They are the only non-terrier breed allowed to compete in AKC Earthdog or AWTA events. Human beings use tools like spades, shovels and backhoes to move dirt. Digging dogs rely on their feet. Weak splayed paws make for poor tools. Some breeds have small paws, some have short paws, and some have expandable or “webbed” paws — but they all must have STRONG paws!

Digging is a dirty job, but someone’s gotta do it… In this case, the best one for the job is likely to be a terrier!


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Mary Larson

A Look at Books

What is a Dog? a memoir by Chloe Shaw, Flatiron Books

What do Lassie, Yeller and Chance have in common? If you said they are dog actors, you are correct. These three and 57 more canines are featured in the book Citizen Canine: Dogs in the Movies by Wendy Mitchell. “Any dog owner knows that when one brings a dog into their home, eventually they will have to say goodbye.” So opens her debut novel, What is a Dog? a memoir, by Chloe Shaw, when she and her husband Matt had to make the decision to have their 15 year old “Booker” put down. Fast forward to two kids and two dogs later. Chloe’s husband is taking the kids to spend a week at camp and this gives Chloe a whole week of solitude, which she uses to reminisce about all of the dogs who have touched her life. Readers will first be introduced to Easy, her parents Afghan Hound. Being young, she doesn’t write much about this part of her life. Agathas were two Scottish Terriers of the same name. The first Agatha died suddenly and soon the second Agatha came into Chloe’s life. Agatha and Chloe were best friends for 13 years, all through Chloe’s senior year of high school. Agatha helped Chloe navigate those uncertain years that many who read this book can relate to. Two more dogs came along, Safarie and Otter, and that completed the Shaw dog pack. As Chloe reminisces about her life with dogs, these two, Safarie and Otter, now fill her life with the joy that only dogs can bring.

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Besides getting to know her dogs, readers will also gain insight into Chloe’s years as a child, her parents, her first love, and other individuals who have touched her life. Be sure to dust off your Philosophy 101 knowledge as Chloe reflects abut life with her dogs and life in general. Philosophers can use words in ways that are not in general but poetic, so be prepared for brains to be stretched. In some ways it is like two books in one…with memories of dogs as well as philosophical musing. The book is available on Amazon ($18.99, hard cover) and Barnes & Noble ($20.99), and possibly in your public library. And that is where this reviewer discovered What is a Dog, a memoir.


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Muriel Lee

REMEMBERING - Glenn & Jean Fancy Dr. Glenn Fancy was born in 1926 and raised on a farm in Hanover, PA. He served in World War II and worked for AT&T for over thirty years. He raised dogs, homing pigeons and thoroughbred race horses. He was an AKC judge of all breeds and judged throughout the U.S. and across the world. He had been an Eagle Scout in his teens and in his adult years he was active in the Shriner’s, the Masons and the Elks. In his younger years he was an avid athlete and a collegiate level gymnast as well as competing in body building contests. He became a well-known stamp and coin collector and he remained active in his retirement community. Glenn died in 2013. Jean Fancy was a breeder of dogs and horses and was approved as an all-breed judge in 1993, the same year she was named judge of the year. She also, like Glenn, judged in many foreign countries. Her hobbies were raising tropical birds, exotic plants

and orchids. She had a variety of collections – baskets, door stops and American folk art. She had an extensive collection of bronzes and Royal Doulton figurines as well as an exceptional library of dog books. She attended flea markets and garage sales and rarely returned from a show without some momento to add to her collections. I ring stewarded for her one time and when she learned that I raised Scottish Terriers she gave me the name of the department store in California that had “wonderful lap robes with Scotties on them.” This was before the days of the internet when you could check something out, but I had faith in her and called and ordered three lap robes, one for myself and two for friends. Obviously, they were a good buy as all three of us still have and use our cozy and warm blankets. They were both very popular judges, they always seemed to know what they were doing, where they were going with a class, and they were always gentlemanly to exhibitors. Jean died in 2020.Glenn and Jean were married for over 60 years. Sources: Internet

www.terriergroup.org TerrierGroup Headquarters TerrierGroup 7013 Clarendon Hills Rd. Darien, IL 60561 For Deliveries TerrierGroup 7013 Clarendon Hills Rd. Darien, IL 60561 Article Submissions Muriel Lee, Editor 7204 Perry Court West Minneapolis, MN 55429 Phone: 763.566.6795 murabiy@terriergroup.org

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Subscriptions by Mail TerrierGroup 7013 Clarendon Hills Rd. Darien, IL 60561 melanie@terriergroup.org Annual Cost Online subscription - NC Printed subscription USA - $80.00 International - $100.00 Publisher Melanie Feldges 630-220-9743 Advertising Sales Reita Nicholson Reita@terriergroup.org

TerrierGroup Publication Volume 7 Number 1 Winter 2021 Editor Muriel Lee • Editor muriel@terriergroup.org Designer/Illustrator Melanie Feldges melanie@terriergroup.org Special Contributors Olga Forlicz Kris Kibbee Muriel Lee Jo Ann Frier-Murza Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD Deb Bednarek Mary Larson adinfo@terriergroup.org


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TG

Carol Brown

MONTGOMERY WEEK (Not Just a Weekend) Enthusiasm, Energy, Excitement!!!! How happy we all were to be able to get back to our biggest shows of the year. Seeing friends that we missed for 2 years, dogs that grew up and the new crop of up-and coming puppies, brought joy to so many. What can you say about Morris & Essex (aka The Exhibitor’s Show). Exhibitors are pampered with free lunch, free electricity built into every grooming tent, and the beautiful trophies for every breed, which are donated by M&E members. The grounds are stunning with huge white tents including a historical tent with relics of the original M&E which was run by Geraldine Rockefeller Dodge. Wayne Ferguson appoints a very large show committee, whose major intention is to make the exhibitors happy. If the great number of congratulatory emails and cards that he received after the show is any indication, Morris & Essex 2021 was a Great success. The grounds were especially beautiful this year. For more information on the history of this club, go to morrisandessexkennelclub.org. Hatboro Dog Club and Montgomery County Kennel Club faced new challanges. It was the first time that either of them shared a venue and a new one at that. Macungie Memorial Park. is a beautiful park with several wonderful restaurants close by. I heard a bit of complaining before the shows, but once there, everyone seemed delighted with the park. 44

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The weather was a “10” all three days (both sunny and misty), just perfect for showing off our beautiful terrier coats. I asked the Show Chairs of Montgomery County Kennel club, Ken Kauffman, and Hatboro Dog Club, Robert Thomas what was involved in making the show a success? Robert Thomas, Show Chairman of Hatboro Dog Club answered: “In March, Hatboro Dog Club lost its show site of over thirty five years due to Covid and other concerns. A nightmare for every dog show Show Chair! Luckily we were fortunate enough to tag on to Montgomery County Kennel Clubs show at Macungie Memorial Park, which will become our site again in 2022.” Coming in late on the planning stages, and not having our shows literally in my back yard, made this year more difficult then ever before. And having our shows in a Morris and Essex year


feat. With no M&E next year it should be a bit easier and give us access to more tenting. We have already started planning for next year and look forward to working with Hatboro and their new show chair, Kim Brown. Some of the ideas being talked about include: A wider tent down along the side. Individual hospitality tents near the rings for Parent Clubs to use for a barbeque, complete with a Celtic band on Friday night. Thank you all for your continued support and we look forwad to seeing you all next year. Ken Kauffman, Show Chair MCKC. And Thank You Ken.

presented issues with judge changes, accommodations and club hospitality. In the future, when HDC and MCKC will again be at Macungie.... and now that our club is acclimated to our new show site, I foresee a much easier and better run show.

All of us at Montgomery (Exhibitors, Handlers and Spectators) were amazed at the way Ken managed things. He manages to make it feel like Montgomery no matter where it is moved. If you needed something or needed to know something, suddenly Ken would appear and solve your problem. We hope you continue as MCKC Chairman Ken for a long long time.

We had beautiful fall weather and an entry of about 4,400 dogs at our shows, wonderful judges who enjoyed great dogs..... and were financially successful. What better way to step down and hand the baton over to our new Show Chair, Kim Brown. You did a great job Robert! Ken Kauffman, Show Chairman of Montgomery County Kennel Club answered: “After a two year hiatus, due to Covid-19, Montgomery County returned with a new venue and a new partner for the weekend. Hatboro Dog Club lost their site and as a result joined Montgomery at the beautiful and spacious Macungie Memorial Park in Macungie, PA. While there were a couple of glitches, which will be addressed for next year, everyone seemed pleased with the end result. The managment at the Park, headed by Amy Hillgas, bent over backwards to make sure both clubs had whatever they needed. Also, Tom Modonna and his crew from Southern Tent, did a yeoman’s job in getting all of our tents up and ready for the shows. Considering they also did the tents for Morris and Essex and Devon, this was no easy Winter 2021

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Montgomery Photo-Ops

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© Melanie Feldges Winter 2021

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Sharon M. Albright, DVM, CCRT

What is the Best Age to Spay/Neuter Your Dog? It Depends. An increasing body of evidence shows that neutering (including spaying) male and female dogs can have adverse health effects such as an increased risk of certain joint disorders (hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and cranial cruciate ligament rupture) and cancer (lymphoma, mast cell tumor, hemangiosarcoma, and osteosarcoma). However, this risk varies depending on the breed, age at neuter, and sex of the dog. With funding from the AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF), researchers examined medical records from the University of California, Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital to analyze these risks. They have created guidelines based on breed, sex, and body weight regarding when to neuter a dog in order to avoid increasing the risks of these joint disorders and cancers. Recommendations were recently published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science for 33 different dog breeds, including 3 varieties of Poodle,1 and mixed breed dogs based on five different weight categories.2 Easy-to-read tables demonstrate that for standard to giant-sized mixed breeds and numerous dog breeds studied, delaying neuter until after 11 or 23 months of age may decrease the risk of

developing these joint disorders and cancers. This research provides veterinarians and dog owners with data-based information regarding the best age for neutering any individual dog. The AKC Canine Health Foundation and its donors are also supporting studies that explore how spay/neuter may produce adverse health effects in an effort to develop treatment and prevention strategies. Learn more here. Full scientific publications, including easy-to-use tables of spay/neuter recommendations, are available via the links below. 1.Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Thigpen, A. P., & Willits, N. H. (2020). Assisting Decision-Making on Age of Neutering for 35 Breeds of Dogs: Associated Joint Disorders, Cancers, and Urinary Incontinence. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7: 388. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00388 2.Hart Benjamin L., Hart Lynette A., Thigpen Abigail P., Willits Neil H. (2020). Assisting Decision-Making on Age of Neutering for Mixed Breed Dogs of Five Weight Categories: Associated Joint Disorders and Cancers. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7: 472. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00472

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TG

Olga Forlicz

Bedlington Terrier Breeder, Elena Pykhtar We live in a world of uncertainty, at a time when it is unknown if, when and where we can travel and this situation has had a direct impact on the dog world and dog shows. However, dog people, especially terrier people, are tireless in overcoming obstacles to reach their goal. Many shows were cancelled or rescheduled during the pandemic, including the biggest shows of all...Crufts 2021 and The World Dog Show 2020. Luckily, the WDS 2021 was moved just a few months farther out and the show was held, as previously planned, by the Czech Kennel Club in Brno from September 30th to October 3rd. Entry deadline was extended to the very last minute to allow as many exhibitors as possible to enter their dogs. The final number was approximately 12,000 entries which is about half of what we could expect in the normal circumstances. One of the biggest factors, besides exhibitors being hesitant and or afraid of getting covid, was certainly the fact that the border to Russia was closed and we all know what a huge entry

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normally comes from that country. Only a few Russians have entered, hoping (and praying) for the rules to change at the last minute. Taking chances certainly paid off for Elena Pykhtar, who had entered her Bedlington Terriers and didn’t even book a hotel until she was on the other side of the Russian border, on her way to Brno! Elena got her first Bedlington in 1994, out of a beautiful Russian bitch. Although the overall quality of Bedlingtons wasn’t the greatest in Russia at that time Elena says. Sired by a German male, whose sire was the first dog Elena fell in love with after seeing him at a show in Brno...yes, it seems to be a lucky city for her! Before she got involved in Bedlingtons she bred German Shepherds for 15 years. At the beginning she had no idea how to groom a Bedlington but learned by watching videos and looking at pictures. Elena was a natural! Her first dog, Endzilo, has been a big winner even in countries as strong in terriers as Sweden and Finland. Since then she has bred and owned top winning Bedlingtons. Her dogs were recognized all over the world, including in the country of the breed’s origin, the UK, a country that Elena finds the most important and prestigious for Bedlingtons.


Asked to name three most influential dogs in her kennel she mentions Airis Blue Volshebnik Merlin – two times world winner, four times European winner, two times veteran European winner plus best of breed and veteran best in show at the European Dog Show in Brno - yes, Brno again! He was also the winner at the Windsor Championship Show. L’End Show Metti Surprise At Glare was six times world winner plus group one, two and three and bests in show, three times European winner, four times Crufts winner plus a group four, best of breed at the Windsor Championship Show, multiple BISs and Supreme BIS winner. The youngest star, only 2½ year old L’End Show Masterpiece For All Times, is currently best terrier in Russia, and his sister is the top Bedlington in the USA and her brother is being shown in Canada at this moment. But... back to the World Dog Show! When I asked Elena how did she get to the Czech show with all the pandemic-related problems, she said, „The stars favored me!” And so they certainly did! Elena’s Matvey, mentioned above, L’End Show Metti Surprise At Glare, won the breed judged by terrier specialist and Fox Terrier breeder, Star Franke of kennel František Polehňa, later won the very competitive Terrier group under the famous Robert Kanas (Flanagan Skye Terriers) He ended his visit to Czechoslovakia by winning the best in show at the World Dog Show 2021, and received the grand trophy from the hands of the vice president of the Czech Kennel Club, Judge Miroslav Václavík! I can’t imagine a more beautiful end of the story, can you? For full results of the WDS 2021 can be found on https://dogoffice.cz/results/24883

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