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Table of Contents Volume 6 Number 4 • Fall 2021

6 Editorial Muriel Lee 14 The Kerries of Hitching Post Farm Carol Brown


Terri Vandezande - Irish Terriers


Stories, Science and Standards of the Long and Low

A TerrierGroup Interview Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD


Josephine Deubler Muriel Lee


Look at Books: Citizen Canine


A Look at Montgomery through the Ring Steward’s Eyes


A Look at Montgomery through the Exhibitor’s Eyes


Puppy Cognition


Terrier, Terrain and Turtles


The Scottie at a Glance


Breath of Normality

Mary Larson Muriel Lee

Carol Brown

Canine Health Foundation Jo Ann Frier-Murza Muriel Lee

Olga Forlicz

TerrierGroup 2021 All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Disclaimer: the editor reserves the right to refuse, edit, shorten or modify any material submitted. The editor’s decision on all printed material is final. The views expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the publisher. The publisher can not be held responsible for breach of copyright rising from any material supplied. No responsibility is taken for errors and inaccuracies or claims in advertisements. Anyone wishing to contribute their artwork, short stories or comments can submit them to melanie@


Advertisers • FALL 2021 Conni Adams..................................................................... 35

Catherine Rogers......................................................... 12-13

Teresa Lynn Bell................................................................. 2-3

Heather Roozee................................................................. 45

Pam Bale....................................................................... 68-69

John Saemann.................................................................. 75

Kathy Blaesing.............................................................. 24-25

Jason Schafer.................................................................... 65

Sue Bower........................................................................... 30

Jeanne Schaefer.......................................................... 78-79

Bruce Brehm...................................................................... 59

Scott Schuette.................................................................... 75

Angela Chase............................................................... 50-51

Tim Smith........................................................................ 68-69

John Childers..................................................................... 31

Cheryl Stancyk................................................................... 55

Karen Coffey............................................................ Cover, 4

Sandra Stemmler................................................................. 9

Brian Cross......................................................................... 37

Michele (Lee) Thacker...................................................... 31

Ariel Cukier.................................................................... 40-41

United States Kerry Blue Terrier Club................................ 72

Texas Eddie Dulaney......................................................... 65

Sonya Urquhart.................................................. Back Cover

Melanie Feldges Art.......................................................... 54

Terri Vandezande.......................................................... 24-25

Melanie & Rick Feldges.................................................... 71

Gerry Yeager...................................................................... 29

Linda Friesen...................................................................... 19

Brenda Wilson.................................................................... 59

Heather & Candace Foti................................................... 39

Maripi Wooldridge....................................................... 40-41

Pam Gaston.................................................................. 78-79

Stacy Zimmerman........................................................ 20-21

Robin Gates.................................................................. 60-61 John & Kathy Garahan..................................................... 29 Nancy Han......................................................................... 75

Thank You Advertisers!

Eva & Blake Hanson.......................................................... 10 Virginia Harding................................................................ 59 Diane Harrision............................................................. 50-51 Paul Holser..................................................................... 60-61 Charlene Johnson................................................... Cover, 4 Maria Kelley......................................................................... 9 Monica Kipp................................................................. 68-69 Susan Kuhn......................................................................... 45 Catherine LaBella.................................................... Cover, 4 Kendall Lake...................................................................... 22 Danny Mann...................................................................... 37 Stacy McWilliams.......................................................... 20-21 Kathryn M Metke............................................................... 23 Holly Million................................................................... 68-69 Reita & Craig Nicholson................................................... 23 Brittany Phelps................................................... Back Cover Ray & Melissa Picket.......................................... Back Cover Gigi & Tom Reiling........................................................ 46-47 Red Hills Animal Reproductive Specialties..................... 73 Jinece Rees................................................................... 78-79

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Muriel Lee • EDITORIAL

TerrierGroup Editorial Another year, another Montgomery County Kennel Club show and this will be a special one! The first show was held 73 years go in 1929, and the only years when the show was not held were in the 1940s during World War II, and in 2020, the Year of the Pandemic. And now the terrier world, in all of its glory, will be together again at their magnificent show in October in Pennsylvania! Time to see old friends, time to get together with your national club members, but most importantly for many, this is the opportunity to get your terrier in front of an international audience. To everyone, best wishes for big wins, for good weather on the weekend, and for good health. For this issue, number four, in our six years of publication, we have several interesting articles concerning the MCKC show. There is a listing of all of the best in show winners; an article from a breeder about showing her Kerries for over forty years, a ring steward who handed out armbands for over thirty years, a 1929 catalog from the first show held, an article on Josephine Deubler, who was chair of the show for many years and made certain that the Sunday in October brought out the best in everyone and their dogs. In addition, since Montgomery County is really a breeders showcase, we have not one but two interviews with breeder Carol Brown and her Kerries, and with Terri Vandezande and her Irish. Except for World War II this show has been held every year, and sometimes come hell or high water it still goes on, and yes, I remember one 6

year sitting in the biffy and wondering if it was going to topple over into the water. WHAT?! And then Covid 19 hit and all shows throughout the U.S. and Europe were halted. Hopefully, we are on the right track again and the waters ahead will be smooth. Unfortunately this year, because of the pandemic, it is highly unlikely that any foreign dogs will be able to be entered and shown – at least at the time of this writing. Sad news about two very well-known dog people who have passed away recently. AKC judge Dorothy MacDonald, a colorful individual with a wealth of knowledge, passed away on May 4th at the age of 94. She judged the hounds, sporting and terriers. She was president and show chairman of the Del Monte Kennel Club in Carmel, CA, and a past president of the Dog Judges Association of America. She judged best in show at the Westminster Kennel Club in 2001 in full Scottish regalia, and she was the first to receive the AKCs Lifetime Achievement Award.

Another loss was the death of Luc Boileau who passed away in his sleep on July 17th. Luc, originally from Canada, showed Ed Jenner’s dogs, winning best in show at Westminster with one of Ed’s Pekes. In addition, he was an outstanding horseman and managed Ed’s team of horses, attending various state fairs and horse shows throughout the Midwest. I knew Luc fairly well as he often came to judge the Minneapolis Kennel Club show. A great story teller with colorful language, everyone looked forward to seeing Luc. The last time he judged the MKC show he drove across Wisconsin to the show and told me that he had made arrangements on the trip back home to have lunch with Dorothy Welsh who lived in Neillsville, WI. Dorothy died on that Friday and Luc went to her funeral on the way home instead of having lunch with her. For honors, Peter Green, well known handler of terriers and AKC judge, received the 2021 AKC Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Kennel Club, Handling for many years, Peter became an AKC judge of terriers and then toys and herding dogs. He was always in the terrier group ring at the big and prestigious shows when he was handling and when he became an AKC judge, he judged best in show at both Westminster Kennel Club and at Crufts. He was best in show eight times at Montgomery County Kennel Club. Whew! And through it all, he is always a gentleman. From Town and Country magazine: “Our Doggos, Our Selves. The dog show is on as never before.” Commentary notes that our dogs give us a chance to show off – Burberry coats and jeweled collars. Unfortunately, the article notes, “Owning the latest mix (of breeds) is a point of pride.”

of our families and have been treated as such. Always good to read in Jo Ann Murza’s articles that many of the terrier folk are getting their dogs out to do a days work! For the Skye Terrier fanciers. Greyfriar’s Bobby’s church, built in 1620, is now 400 years old - the first church built in Scotland after the Reformation. A 2020 time capsule was placed in the church yard, or as the Scots say, Kirkyzed. The story and the statue of Bobby can’t help but bring a tear to the tourist eye. More interesting news from the UK – Another top price paid for a sheepdog. “Jim had been the boss of the litter…sold recently for 2,350 pounds making him the most expensive untrained sheepdog in the world.” A record breaker sale this year was for a trained sheepdog that sold for 12,000 pounds. “The highest prices tend to be for dogs who will compete in trials. Buyers pay more because winning a trial proves their quality as a handler and, if the dog breeds, they can sell him for more.” However, one of the breeders noted, “It’s impossible to tell (the quality of a dog) when they’re young. It’s all about luck if you end up with the best one.” We end this column with the note that we all wish that the Montgomery County show will be open to all who want to attend and we surely hope that our foreign visitors will be able to not only attend, but to bring their dogs with them

As always, send us your ideas, your questions and especially, your ads!

Muriel Lee • Editor

Hopefully, with the end of the pandemic, those who have worked from home will have to prepare their dog for “separation anxiety.” The list of what to do and what not to do is long, and one can’t help but wonder what have we done to our dogs? They have become a part

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Carol Brown

The Kerries of Hitching Post Farm Bluebeard Kerry Blue Terriers

As I was walking I felt a tap on my shoulder. I turned around and got a huge kiss. It was February 1961 at the Associated Terrier Club’s show in New York, and so began a love affair with the Kerry Blue Terrier that has endured for over sixty years. But being newly married and commuting from Long Island into Manhattan daily it was not yet our time to get a dog.

she had none available at the time, she recommended a breeder in New York named Patrick Corless. We called Pat and got our first Kerry, Balinrobe’s P. J. Gilhooley. Our agreement was that we would try to show him and that we would learn to properly groom a Kerry.

That summer we rented a weekend place in Milford, CT. The Connecticut State Fair was in Danbury, just a few miles from our home and there in the midst of all of the booths was a woman wearing a little Robin Hood hat, standing in her Kerry Blue Terrier booth. This was Jean Underhill and as soon as she knew we were interested in a Kerry Blue she closed her booth and took us home. At that time she had many dogs, each running in its own large paddock, and she let us play with all of them.

Gilly was not really a show dog. I would put the lead on him, he would fight it and I would pull on the leash as he slimed his way around the ring. I tried to show him every year, and once a year only, at that same show. I believe that it was in 1968 when I dragged my dog through the ring and later as we were watching the best of breed competition. We saw Ch. Melbee’s Chances Are, a beautiful, great moving dog. I went over to the handler, Ric Chashoudian and asked him what I needed to do to make my dog look like yours? He looked at my Gilly and said, “Buy another dog.” And that was Gilly’s last show. He was fun and cute and wonderful with my two boys as he

In 1964, when I was expecting my first child, we called Mrs. Underhill looking for a Kerry. Although


My first experience in the show ring was at The Associated Terrier Clubs’ 1965 show.

Simi - CH Tontine’s Going East

actually was one of them and they learned to walk by holding on to Gilly’s back.

We then decided that we needed a Melbee dog. By 1978 we lived in Bucks County, PA. and contacted the Schlesingers, the breeders of Chances Are, and tried to convince them that we would provide a good home for a Melbee dog. We had to furnish references from other dog people and luckily, George Rodda, a friend of Bee and Mel, knew us and vouched for us. The dog we bought was Melbee’s Mostly Malarky (aka Wally). He was a real character and our first champion. We bought Hitching Post Farm about four years later. There was a kennel on the property and many fenced in areas. We felt that it was now time to establish a bloodline of our own, and we set out to find a brood bitch. By 1983 we had become addicted to the Montgomery County Kennel Club show. In the ring that year we saw Ray Perry of Tontine Kennels, with the prettiest little bitch we had ever seen. Her name was Tontine’s Frankley Scarlett. After the judging we approached Ray and Lou Perry and told them that we would like to buy her. Unfortunately, she belonged to someone else, but we knew then that we had to get a Tontine bitch.

Carol and Larry Brown

We called the Perrys about every three weeks asking about available bitches and we always got a negative reply. At the beginning of January, 1984, Larry had to go to California on business. We once again called Ray and Lou and I told them that Larry wanted to see their kennel. They said they had nothing available but he was welcome to come. He looked at all of the Tontine Kerries and saw their pick of the litter which had been whelped the past May. He simply fell madly in love with her and nagged so much that I think they sold her to Larry just to make us leave them alone. They named her Tontine’s Going East (Simi). She became our foundation bitch and was ownerhandled to number one Kerry in 1987, winning the first KalKan Pedigree Award in the Kerry Blues. We bred her to Wally. The first litter: six boys! Our children were all boys and so was this litter. We call this The Brown Curse. The puppy that we kept became Ch. Bluebeard’s County Squire, the number two Kerry in 1989. Always owner-handled, he was the winner of the U.S. Kerry Blue Terrier National Specialty at Montgomery that year. Since that time we have always bred for quality, not quantity. We don’t breed dogs to sell them, and we also feel that the ones who are not being shown deserve to have wonderful homes where they are loved, sleep on the bed, get too many cookies and generally go everywhere with their owners. To this day we only breed when we have a bitch that we are crazy about and then Fall 2021


Bluebeard Kerry Blue Terriers

we find the best dog we can breed her to. At times, there were litters when we kept nothing. One of Simi’s daughters was the typiest bitch although on the small side, a little less than 17 inches. We needed to get some size into our line so I asked our friend and mentor Lou Perry where I could possibly go with this bitch. She recommended Ch. Tontine’s Quiet Riot, a very sound dog, dripping in Kerry type and a bit on the large size. We had a litter of four which I kept for six months before I let any of them go. It was surely the prettiest litter we ever had.

The male Ch. Bluebeard’s The Answer was a Pedigree Award winner and number one Kerry in the country in 2004 and 2005. GCh. Bluebeard’s The Answer


He has produced some beautiful pups. The bitches were Ch. Bluebeard’s Liverpool Kiss (Renny) and Ch. Bluebeard’s The Look (Taryn). Taryn was bred to Ch. Kallehan’s Truth or Dare and we kept Bluebeard’s Mr. Corless, CD, CGC (PJ) who was co-owned and trained by our good friend Ron Young. GCH. Bluebeard’s Suddenly Bridey. Bridey was number one Kerry in 2009 and in 2010. She was the first Kerry grand champion. P.J. never changed color so we showed him only in obedience.

GCh. Bluebeard’s Suddenly Bridey as a puppy, winning sweeps

After Bridey’s successful career which included three all-breed bests in show and countless specialty wins including two travelling specials bests of breed at Westminster Kennel Club, we bred her to Linda and Clair Pheasant’s GCh. Keystone’s Doctor Bue. We kept two wonderful Fall 2021


Bluebeard Kerry Blue Terriers puppies, co-owned by Linda Pheasant – GCh. Bluebeard’s Barnum and GCh. Bluebeard’s Bailey. It’s difficult to believe that they are ten years old now.

The only advice I can give to anyone thinking of beginning a breeding program is to breed only when you think there is a good chance of getting something at least as good or better than what you have. Don’t let a high stud fee frighten you. You would pay at least that amount for a Kerry of your dreams. Now, to the nitty-gritty. Why would someone want a Kerry? They don’t shed, they are great with children and they are always full of energy. They are very healthy dogs, and of course, there is nothing prettier than a well-groomed Kerry! Some drawbacks for some? A Kerry needs a good amount of exercise and a fenced yard is helpful. They are high maintenance needing frequent bathing, brushing and trimming. They crave human attention and will follow you around the house.

If you come home, and want your dog to quietly wag his tail to say hello, a Kerry is not for you. When Kerries greets you, they will jump, bark, and bring you toys to show their pure joy at the sight of you, treating you like you have been gone for a month even though it’s only been a few minutes or hours. Your answer to the question, ‘is a Kerry for you?’ will come to you in seconds!


GCh. Bluebeard’s Suddenly Bridey

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*Canine Chronicle As of 8/31/21



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TG Interview with Terri Vandezande and her Irish Terriers. She is the breeder of top winning Irish, and active in the Irish Terrier Club of America. Growing up I had a water spaniel and several Boxers. I never thought about showing a dog as I thought dog shows were put on television for entertainment. I acquired my first Irish Terrier in June of 2004 from Tom and Diane Miller of Sugarbush Kennel. They were also new to Irish Terriers at that time. When they told me how much a puppy cost I made the comment that I wanted one to show, not knowing what I was about to start.

I had never met an Irish until I saw Jack, who belonged to the Millers. When I saw that Irish Terrier I knew that I wanted one. The breed is of medium size, they are a great all-around dog for companionship, for travel, for agility and for performance, and they are highly intelligent. After I acquired my first Irish, Kali, I took her to my handler and learned very quickly that an Irish needed to be stripped, and I learned the fundamentals of stripping. Little did I know that we were getting ready for a dog show. Kali was about fourteen months old. We went to Grays Lake, Illinois in June of 2005, to my first dog show, and it was an Irish Terrier Specialty. Kali, shown by Allison Sunderman, went winners under Kenneth McDermott and I was over the moon! Later that year we showed under Bobby Clyde who was known for his terrier expertise. In my spare time I studied the pedigrees of all the Irish Terriers…where they came from, who bred them, what the outcome was and what they produced. I never read Good House Keeping again! Later that fall my husband, Barry, and I went to our first Montgomery County Kennel Club show and found It interesting.


Terri Vandezande and her Irish Terriers There were 12 bitches in Kali’s class and she was 5th in the lineup. There was some very nice Irish in the ring but I was a little disappointed that she didn’t do better, but I was learning that’s the dog show business. I met some great people at this show, and that’s when I reached out to Linda Honey from Rockledge Kennel and asked to breed to a dog from her kennel Linda told me she didn’t remember me, but she remembered Kali and she recommended that I breed to an Irish that was visiting from Sweden. Of course, I said yes, and that was my beginning in Irish.

That breeding produced six puppies, three of which were in the top five Irish in 2008 and 2009. I kept two puppies and sold one to Nancy O’Neal. Nancy put two bests in show on her Irish in addition to numerous group placements. Nancy later started tracking with Kerri and was quite successful. The two pups that I kept were Breezy’s X-Tra Top Priority (Murphy) and Breezy’s X-Tra Special Star (Star) and both were very successful in their show careers. Murphy won numerous specialties, many group placements and went on to win the veteran class at the age of 12 and an Award of Merit. Star was best of winners at MCKC. She came home and was bred. Her first litter produced five pups and four of them were champions, one of which was Breezy’s Red Hawke. Jack Clancy went to Montgomery won best of breed out of the classes and came back the next two following years and won Awards of Merit and Select Dog. I knew I needed to add something different to my breeding program and I reached out to Thomas Hagstrom and he suggested that I

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TerrierGroup Interview • Terri Vandezande

purchase a dog that he had bred…that was Be Merry Mac Ztriking. Ztriker finished his championship in three days at MCKC, went on to win multiple specialties, group placements and bests in show. Ztriker was top Irish In 2017, 2018 and 2019. His offspring are consistent in winning in all-breed shows as well as specialties, in addition, he was breed at Westminster. Ztriker sired the current top winning Irish bitch, Annie, who has three bests in show and two reserve bests in show. One time at the Grays Lake show I had either bred or co-bred the six top placements – best of breed, winners dog and winners bitch, best of opposite, select dog and select bitch. This


was very exciting and I could not have been done this without the help of others. In turn, I like mentoring people who are interested in showing and breeding.

When people want a puppy and they aren’t interested in showing, I let them realize that even though it’s a pet, the quality is still there. An Irish isn’t a dog for everyone. They require socialization, coat care and they need to be taught their manners! Classes are very helpful in all of this.

TerrierGroup appreciates the time that Terri spent with us.


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Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD

The Stories, Science, and Standards of the Long and Lows We often speak reverently of history as a collection of indisputable facts despite the “fact” the word history is literally a combination of the words “his and story.” Stories are memorable – easy to recall and easy to retell. Science is an ongoing process of collecting evidence that supports, refutes or refines information we observe in the world around us. In both story and science, things are often not as they appear to be. In contrast, a breed standard is a written description of just that – what a dog appears to be. It is the weaving together of the story, the science and the standard that drives our passion. The terrier group comes in the usual assortment of proportions – square, off–square, rectangle and oblong. The terrier group has three oblongs – the Skye, the Dandie Dinmont, and the Glen of Imaal Terrier. These rare terriers are old breeds that hale from remote regions of the British Isles. They not only have highly distinctive silhouettes, these ancient breeds also have some pretty interesting stories.

THE STORIES The Isle of Skye is a picturesque island off the upper corner of Scotland known for its rugged landscapes and castles. It’s also known as the place of origin of two breeds of dogs with some significant celebrity appeal – Toto the Cairn and the Greyfriars Bobby. According to the story, Greyfriar’s Bobby was a Skye Terrier who guarded the grave of his master for 14 years following his death in 1858. Such a


heartwarming story proved irresistible to Indiana journalist Elinor Atkinson – she wrote a novel about the loyal Bobby in 1912. Walt Disney, never one to let the truth get in the way of a good story, made a wildly popular movie in 1961 based on Mrs. Atkinson’s novel. It was called “Greyfriars Bobby: The True Story of a Dog”. So much for a fact–finding mission. Like many “true stories” this one didn’t bear well under scrutiny. In 2011 Scottish journalist Jan Bondeson wrote a book that revealed “Bobby” was a highly profitable scam that brought hoards of donations and customers to the proprietors of the kirkyard and pub. Photographs and drawings show that there were actually two different Skye Terriers – one was drop–eared and one was prick–eared! A quote from Dr. Bondeson’s book says it all... “In my opinion, all the theories about the dog’s life are about as full of holes as a piece of Swiss cheese. After five years of research, I believe he was an unwitting impostor who made use of the sentimental notions of how a dog should

behave to get a good life for himself. That sounds like a typical terrier to me! So, how does one “outdo” Disney? Well, some would say the Harry Potter stories have done just that. And Sir Walter Scott was certainly the J. K. Rowling of his day. Scott (under a pseudonym) wrote a series of novels that were among the most popular and widely read books in Europe for nearly a century. The second in the series Guy Mannering sold out in one day, was reprinted and again sold out in one day.” Guy Mannering featured a charismatic farmer named “Dandie Dinmont,” who owned some very long–bodied, tough but charming terriers. The character Dandie Dinmont is based on a real farmer in Southern Scotland named James Davison who, lacking the imagination of Sir Walter, called all of his dogs either Mustard or Pepper.

Of course, the instant publicity made a “Dandie Dinmont” dog as covetable as a blue Frenchie. There’s no way the supply could meet the demand and “knock–offs” of the long–bodied, hound–eared terriers were inevitable. “Designer Dogs” are hardly a new phenomenon. I wonder if there was a Victorian–era market for “silken top– knot” hairpieces?

Despite their frighteningly low numbers today, both Dandie Dinmonts and Skye Terriers were considered quite fashionable and they enjoyed immense popularity in Victorian England. Queen Victoria was a big fan of both breeds and had many fine examples. It was during this time that the dog fancy and official dog shows began. The gentry loved showing off their Dandie Dinmonts and Skye Terriers at the “dog shows” and it wasn’t unusual to have breed entries of over 50. Yet like many fashions, what once was hot soon goes cold, cold, cold. Their numbers dropped dramatically during the 1900s, and both the Dandie Dinmonts and Skye Terriers remain on the brink of extinction today. Like the Dandie and the Skye, the Glen of Imaal Terrier is also a rare breed that has been described for hundreds of years. It has never been well–known not even in its native Ireland. The story associated with the Glens is also highly suspect but for different reasons. Instead of name giving rise to a breed, the Glen of Imaal Terrier became associated with a job description – Turnspit dog. A turnspit is a device that looks like a hamster wheel and works like a rotisserie. The descriptions of the turnspits and the dogs who operated them go back to the 16th century. Wealthy estate kitchens or busy inns roasted large pieces of

Walt Disney and Greyfrier’s Bobby doing the Glen sit-up

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meat for hours in front of an open flame. The turnspit allowed the meat to cook thoroughly and evenly. Even Shakespeare commented on the most cursed fate imaginable as “transformed [him] to a curtal (docked tail) dog and made [him] turn i’ th’ wheel.” The tragic plight of the turnspit dogs inspired Henry Burgh to form the ASPCA.

A dog needed strength and stamina to turn the heavy cuts of meat, but short legs made it easier to fit under the spoke of the turnspit wheel. A turnspit dog was not a breed – it was a label for any dog able to do the job. Turnspits were used extensively in the UK and western Europe; there were even advertisements for them in Ben Franklin’s newspapers. By the mid–1800s, mechanical devices using weights or steam power brought an abrupt end to the turnspit. This coincided with the Victorian–era boom in the popularity of dog shows – Dandie Dinmonts and Skye Terriers were welcomed along with the Setters, Spaniels and Pointers. No one wanted to see a turnspit dog in the dog show ring and unlike Cinderella, they had no Disney fairy godmother to transform them from miserable kitchen scullion to glamorous show dog. So how did the Glen of Imaal Terriers become turnspit dogs? The short and simple answer is – they didn’t. The Glen of Imaal is an isolated valley in the Wicklow Mountains that measures only 3 x 5 miles. It is best known as the birthplace of Michael Dwyer, a key figure in the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Officially the insurrection against the Crown lasted for just a few months before the Irish leaders were captured or killed. Michael Dwyer escaped and returned to the Wicklow Mountains, where he and his small band of “merry men” conducted guerilla warfare for another five years. The terrain forms a natural fortress – it is a nightmare combination of granite mountains, blanket bogs and rivers complemented by dense fogs and heavy driving rainstorms. The Glen of Imaal is so inaccessible that the British Crown spent nine years and a small


fortune (about 6 million dollars in today’s money) hacking out a 36–mile road into the Glen of Imaal. They were never able to capture Michael Dwyer, but he did surrender in 1803 on the condition of safe passage to America. Unsurprisingly he was shipped off to a prison camp in Australia instead. The Military Road became a virtual “road to nowhere,” and the barracks built in the Glen of Imaal to house a garrison of soldiers is now a pile of rubble. There were no inns, estates or tourist traffic into the Glen of Imaal. It’s unlikely that there was even a large piece of meat to roast. Just because a Glen of Imaal Terrier could have done the job doesn’t mean they ever did it. The earliest reference to turnspit dogs was in 1570 by Dr. John Caius, a physician for Queen Elizabeth. He was also a naturalist who enjoyed writing about a wide variety of subjects – including a book on the dog breeds of Britain. He wrote it in Latin, but here’s a translated excerpt: “they are in kitchen service excellent when any meat is to be roasted, they go into a wheel where they, turning about with the weight of their body, so diligently look to their business that not drudge nor scullion can do the feat more cunningly.” Turnspit dogs were described as having mottled or merle coloring with light–colored or differently colored eyes. Their tails curled over their back in a ring or were cut short to keep them free of the

Genotypes or “DNA” might help us with health and breeding issues, but genotype doesn’t describe physical appearance – it explains it. The phenotype is the set of observable characteristics or traits of an organism. The genotype is the science, and the phenotype is the standard.

THE STANDARDS Stories are a lot of fun, but they aren’t reliable. Science is more objective, but it is often impractical as a tool to judge actual dogs. We rely on the standards to provide a stable and sharable resource to Larry Cornelius and Skye Terrier, Mick

wheel. Turning the spit hour after hour in a hot kitchen required a working dog temperament – I can’t imagine any terrier willing to do what is basically a musher’s task. Corgis (which translates to “dwarf–dogs”) have similar size and proportions to Glens yet no one calls them turnspit dogs. There is a taxidermy example of a Turnspit Dog in a museum in Wales, but “Whiskey” doesn’t look anything like a Corgi or a Glen of Imaal Terrier. She doesn’t really look like any recognizable breed. She is what she is… a thankfully extinct breed. My best guess as to why Glen of Imaal Terrier has been saddled with the turnspit association is that an essential characteristic of the breed is their old–fashioned appearance. The standard states, “Unrefined to this day, the breed still possess “antique” features once common to many early terrier types.”

THE SCIENCE Advances in technology have allowed the field of genetics to leap forward at a staggering speed. It’s only been about ten years since discovering that an extra copy of a gene fragment (called a pseudogene) produces breed–defining dwarfism in dogs. What seemed like an answer soon became a question as the FGF4 duplication was discovered in other locations and associated with different traits, including variable leg length, large ears and intervertebral disk disease.

The Dandies, Skyes and Glens possess great substance, impressively large heads and powerful driving gaits with freedom in the shoulder that allows them to move effortlessly past many of the taller terriers in the group ring. Their double coats protect them from the elements and the enemies. The rough Glen has a medium length harsh coat lying on top of a soft undercoat. They should be tidied to the outline to give a rough and ready appearance – overgrooming or sculpting is undesirable. The hard and soft hairs of the Dandie are intertwined, giving a penciled or “piley” appearance. The furnishings are lush and lighter. The head hair and distinctive top–knot are soft and silky. The Skye Terrier has an outer coat that is hard straight and flat. The standard states that judges should give no extra credit for hair longer than 5 1/2 inches, but the need to mention this detail is a testament to the eye–catching drama of the dancing coat of a Skye Terrier in motion. The linear look of the Skye, the flowing serpentine curves of the Dandie Dinmont and the angular rise of the Glen of Imaal Terrier create three of the most distinctive outlines in the terrier group. It is the combination of the backline, tail set and tail carriage that distinguishes the toplines. The long, low, and level appearance of the Skye Terrier is enhanced by a tail set and carriage that form a continuous line. The overall impression is as straight and true as an arrow.

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Stories, Science and Standards of the Long and Lows The Glen should have a rising topline that connects the short, bowed legs of the forequarters to a powerful rear. This is what allows them to draw an equal weight badger from their sett the same way a winch can pull a car from the mud. The hindquarters must be well angulated and muscled to act as both anchor and engine. The pelvis is flat with no fall–off at the croup.The tail set is high and carried gaily, emphasizing the “uphill” look. Too often the rise results from long hocks and straight stifles which completely defeats the purpose. The Dandie Dinmont’s undulating spine is well supported, strong and flexible. The powerful neck muscles create a proud head carriage dipping to a topline that is “rather low at the shoulder, having a slight downward curve and a corresponding arch over the loins, with a very slight gradual drop from the top of the loins to the root of the tail. The set–on of the tail is a continuation of the very slight gradual drop over the croup. The tail is carried a little above the level of the body in a curve like a scimitar. Only when the dog is excited may the tip of the tail be aligned perpendicular to its root.” The toplines are best judged by palpation and while gaiting. It’s relatively easy to change the appearance of the topline on the table. Still, all three of these breeds should have the back, neck and tail strength as well as the shock absorption from well–angulated limbs to move out powerfully

Albert Einstein


with reach and drive while maintaining the correct topline and silhouette. The expressive faces of these terriers convey intelligence and determination. Do not let the absence of tiny–eyed terrier fire fool you. They are all dead game and ferocious when called upon. They have no need for bluffing, so they are never sparred. Once they get started, their powerful low–stationed bodies are difficult to control. Despite these similarities, these three terriers have quite distinctive expressions. I like to use the analogy of three well–known human figures to illustrate the point. Dandie Dinmonts, with their large, round hazel eyes, remind me of the wise face of Albert Einstein. His iconic droopy mustache and shock of wild white hair resembles the facial hair and top–knot of the well–groomed Dandie. The Glen of Imaal Terrier also has round, widely spaced eyes giving them an almost human expression. The endlessly expressive eyebrows and small mobile create an expression that “oozes personality” and mimics the humor and wit of Mark Twain. The Glen “foreface of power” is echoed in Twain’s famous bushy mustache. The eyes of the Skye Terrier are darker, more intense, close–set and “alight with life and intelligence.” The widow’s peak formed by the forehead veil and long drop of stick straight hair reminds me of Gandalf the Grey –

Mark Twian

Fall 2021


Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD the powerful wizard from Lord of the Rings whose eyes were set like coals that could suddenly burst into fire.” What a perfect description of a Skye Terrier. Is it possible there is a connection between these three ancient and unusual terriers? They come from geographically isolated areas of the British Isles where local terrain created boundaries that led to the natural development of distinct breed type characteristics. The answer might lie in the stories and science. The Gaels are culturally distinct ethnolinguistic people with their own customs, language and appearance. They were pagans that lived in clans and were highly concentrated in the areas where these terriers originated – Ireland, the Hebrides Islands (Isle of Skye) and the Southwestern corner of Scotland. During the middle–ages, the clannish Gaels traveled back and forth to Ireland on unusual wooden boats called Birlinns. They were well known for their physical strength and battle prowess, often acting as mercenaries on either side of the conflicts. Later, it was these Scotsmen that built the military road to the Glen of Imaal. The legacy of the Gaels lives on today in small areas of Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Skye, where the Gaelic language is still spoken. Their physical legacy lives on in the red hair often found in these regions. Modern genetics is providing new insights into how these genetically distinctive individuals spread and settled – perhaps with their long and low dogs?



Fall 2021



Fall 2021


Muriel Lee

REMEMBERING - Josephine Deubler Dr. Deubler was a woman who became active in the world of dogs when it was not easy to achieve acceptance in what was still a man’s world. Born in 1917, she came from a family where there were five male veterinarians, which undoubtedly was her inspiration to achieve in veterinary science.

large animals. In 1944 she received her PhD, the first female to do so, and remained on the teaching staff at Penn for over fifty years. In 1989 she was named Emeritus in Veterinary Pathology.

In 1938 she was the first woman to graduate from the University of Pennsylvania’s Veterinary School and while doing her graduate work she became a member of the faculty doing research on diseases basically affecting

Her basic interest was in research of diseases affecting animals in equine, feline and bovine families. Her connection to the University of Pennsylvania’s School continued throughout her lifetime and it was said that she went to her office on campus every day throughout her life. She established Penn’s Annual Canine and Feline Symposium which became a model for other programs across the country. TerrierGroup Headquarters TerrierGroup 7013 Clarendon Hills Rd. Darien, IL 60561 For Deliveries TerrierGroup 7013 Clarendon Hills Rd. Darien, IL 60561 Article Submissions Muriel Lee, Editor 7204 Perry Court West Minneapolis, MN 55429 Phone: 763.566.6795


Subscriptions by Mail TerrierGroup 7013 Clarendon Hills Rd. Darien, IL 60561 Annual Cost Online subscription - NC Printed subscription USA - $80.00 International - $100.00 Publisher Melanie Feldges 630-220-9743 Advertising Sales Reita Nicholson

TerrierGroup Publication Volume 6 Number 4 Fall 2021 Editor Muriel Lee • Editor Designer/Illustrator Melanie Feldges Special Contributors Olga Forlicz Kris Kibbee Muriel Lee Jo Ann Frier-Murza Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD Deb Bednarek Mary Larson

In 1938 she became an active member of the dog-showing community with her Dandie Dinmonts. In 1956 she won best of breed at Westminster Kennel Club with Ch. Salismore Silversand and by 1962 she was licensed by The American Kennel Club to judge AKC dog shows.

Dr. Deubler receive the following awards:

For over 25 years she was show chairman for two highly prestigious dog shows: Montgomery County Kennel Club and Bucks County (Pennsylvania) Kennel Club. At that time Bucks County had the largest outdoor show in America and Montgomery County was (and still is) the world’s largest terrier show attended by visitors from throughout the world.

• The Josephine Deubler Genetic Disease

Dr Deubler and Walter Goodman, written up in our last issue, were very close friends and she encouraged Walter to become active in Penn’s veterinary program, co-founding with his son the Walter Flato Goodman Center for Comparative Medical Genetics. It should be mentioned that her accomplishments were substantial for a woman of her time, but in addition she was also considered to have “profound deafness” which never slowed her down throughout her lifetime.

• Three time winner of the Gaines Fido Award for Dogdoms Woman of the Year

• AKC Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998, in addition to holding the school’s

• Belwether Medal and Centennial Medal Testing Laboratory named in her honor. In addition, in her “spare” time she established and administered the Animal Rescue league of Pennsylvania. In 1998 she judged best in show at Westminster Kennel Club in New York City, the first veterinarian to stand in that coveted spot. Not only did Dr. Josephine Deubler achieve in the sport of purebred dogs, without a doubt, she also opened up doors for the women who have followed her. Sources: The Morning Call, Lehigh Valley News The Doctor is In!” by Stan Griffin Deaf Friends International Special Contributor. Photo: Best in Show by Bo Bengtson

Fall 2021


Mary Larson

A Look at Books

Citizen Canine: Dogs in the Movies. by Wendy Mitchell

What do Lassie, Yeller and Chance have in common? If you said they are dog actors, you are correct. These three and 57 more canines are featured in the book Citizen Canine: Dogs in the Movies by Wendy Mitchell. Tucked between the covers of this tidy little book are movies dating from the 1918 silent film “A Dog’s Life” through 2018’s “Patrick.” Each two-page spread includes photos from the film along with the inspiration for creating it, plus a short summary of the movie. Readers will learn about the dog-actors in the movie, and in most cases more than one dog was used as each one had a special talent. The trainers give readers a glimpse into how they managed to get the dogs to do what was needed to make the movie, and some trainers were very creative! Readers will find out information about what the directors and trainers did to train the dogs to do what was required of them in the movie. One example in the filming of “101 Dalmations” 230 puppies and 20 adult dogs were used in the filming, along with 13 trainers! All of the puppies came from private breeders who started with training the puppies from the time they were six weeks old. Each movie described has a tidbit of information at the bottom of the page giving readers insight into the movie as well as the dog star.


This book was a quick read, as this reviewer read a bit every chance she got, often rereading to get more insight. At last count she has seen 37 out of the 60 films reviewed. She will be busy checking out the rest. How many have you seen? Citizen Canine is available at Amazon Books $12.89 and at Barnes & Noble $16.99.

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Fall 2021



Muriel Lee

A Look at Montgomery County Through the Ring Steward’s Eyes Somewhere in the early 1970s I made my first trip to the Montgomery County all-terrier show with my friend and Scottish Terrier mentor John Sheehan of Firebrand kennels. Exciting times to be going to the largest terrier show in the world! We got our Scotties shaped and trimmed up, popped them into our Bob McKee crates (and if you remember those, you have been around a long time), carried our grooming arms and boarded a Northwest flight for Philadelphia. Upon arrival we rounded up the dogs and the rental car and headed out to King of Prussia and our hotel.

An aside…when I was married in the 1960’s I thought I couldn’t live without an Old English Sheepdog and after about ten years or so I realized that I was one of the older ones in the group. I decided that I was tired of wrestling a big dog around the ring and went back to my roots – the terriers. At my first Scottish Terrier Club of America’s welcoming party I met Scottie breeder and terrier judge Dick Hensel and he said to me, “How nice to see someone young here” and I knew I had found my home. John and I didn’t miss a Montgomery show for almost 35 years. However, after the first year with the dogs, we thought we would get more out of the show by attending without the Scotties. After a few years I was asked to ring steward for the Scotties at Montgomery and I continued to do that for thirty-plus years, then I retired so that someone younger could take my place.

Ring stewarding! What a place to be at the biggest of the terrier shows! When I no longer had to worry about getting a dog in the ring I thought about myself. “What should I wear? Can’t wear the plaid skirt, wore that last year. New clothes!” Within a few years I learned to check out the weather – cold? hot? wet? windy? All of it can happen at Montgomery in October and sometimes you had a combination of all of it over the weekend. A quick trip to the mall was in order for some appropriate clothing. Gloves, a scarf, umbrella and handwarmers became a must when you left home.

Ring Stewards, Montgomery, 2005


I loved stewarding as I had done a lot of it in our Minneapolis/St. Paul area. At Montgomery I had a chance to see everyone who was showing a

Scottie and an even better chance to see the Scotties up close in the ring. Although you are kept very busy early in the day, as armbands go out you have more time and by best of breed you can basically sit and watch the show. Lunch time! Stewards were invited to sit with the judges in the lunch tent where the chairs could sink a few inches into the wet grounds. I haven’t been to the show in a few years but I imagine that you are still waited on by waiters in tuxes serving the salads, creamed chicken with peas and desert, along with a glass of wine. And then back to the ring to finish the stewarding assignment. Since the Scottie entry has always been large the judging in ring 14, I recall, goes on for most of the day.

What a day! You’ve seen every good Scottie that’s being shown as well as terrific terriers in all of the breeds. In those days handlers Peter Green, Ric Chashoudian and George Ward were always in the ring with Scotties, and always in the best in show ring with an outstanding terrier. The sun is setting, you gather yourself up and you and your terrier buddies head back either to the hotel, to the airport, or to the road for the trip home. The next morning we are at the airport, heading home to Minneapolis with a bundle of good memories.

The day has ended. The Scotties are done and best in show is in line. Grab a chair! Run to the drink tent! Get close to the ring, settle down and watch best in show.

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Fall 2021


Carol Brown

A Look at Montgomery County Through the Exhibitor’s Eyes Driving into the largest all-terrier show in the world, The Montgomery County Kennel Club show is always exciting. This is the most respected terrier showcase where you will see the busy exhibitors, handlers, friends from all over the world, and of course the perfectly groomed and beautiful terriers. You won’t be disappointed!

This year there are twenty-six specialties and supported entries out of 32 terrier breeds. Approximately 1500 terriers will be showing off, jumping, barking and generally behaving, or misbehaving, as we expect terriers to do. But it was not always such an extravaganza. In 1970 at the Pennlyn Club, with 22 breeds, there were nine specialties and two supported entries. Each following year the number grew until they had to move the show to a larger facility and the move was made to Temple University Music Fair in Ambler, PA. By 1981, the year that my breed club, the Kerry Blue Terrier Club of America, joined the fun, there were 14 national specialties and five supported entries. And now the number of terrier breeds grows almost annually. 1981 was the first year I showed at Montgomery and I was in love immediately with this great show…the grounds, the atmosphere and the people. Under the grooming tent everyone felt the electricity of being there – grooming at record speeds, talking fast and loud and of course, keeping an eye on the rings. Back in those days it was not unusual for judges who had completed their assignments to sit ringside and share their expertise with the spectators. Then the show moved from Ambler to Montgomery County Community College. Most exhibitors liked to set up their paraphernalia the day before the show and thanks to Ken Kauffman you knew exactly when you could get to the show, where you could set up and what you had to do the next morning when you dropped off your dogs.


Many of us usually started practicing for Montgomery around the end of August, showing every possible weekend before The Big One. And for the stripped terriers, the owners and breeders started planning for the show months before the occasion. No matter how many pre-Montgomery shows you go to, the intensity level and the excitement of the first weekend in October brings out all of your nervous energy. Just getting a good look from the judge or a pull out, can make your heart beat faster. I think I probably showed at at least 90% of the shows from 1981 to 2017, with anywhere from one to three dogs. One of the greatest things about the show is that you will see all of the top terriers in one place, with the best dogs in the country available to look at and to examine. For a breeder, the show is a wonderful opportunity to find a stud dog for one of your “perfect” bitches and you will probably fall in love with more than one. And for me, it was an opportunity, in some years, to show off my stud dog to those looking for a sire for their bitch. Another great plus of the show is the opportunity to meet breeders from around the world and many of them can become life-long friends. We live in Bucks County, PA, which is

adjacent to Montgomery County. When the crowd arrives in the area, we enjoy some great lunches and dinners, and of course, as a breeder of the national dog of Ireland, some Guinness. It has been such a great way to see…what they are breeding in England…what are they breeding in Ireland…and even the type and style of the European dogs, Australian and Canadian dogs. The excitement and fun never stops at Montgomery. If you get a class placement, get winners dog or winners bitch, you have reached a great level. In the best of breed ring, if you are still there after the judge’s cut, you have achieved a lot. In the final round when the judge comes over and points a finger at YOUR dog, the exhilaration is indescribable.

There are all-breed shows that round out the weekend…Hatboro has two shows on Thursday and Friday and many of the breed clubs have activities on Saturday. But the crown jewel of the weekend is The Montgomery County All-Terrier show – and for terrier breeders and exhibitors, it will always be MONTGOMERY WEEKEND! Many thanks to Missy Wood (MCKC historian) and Ken Kauffman, Grounds chairman for sharing their knowledge of the show with me.

Fall 2021



Fall 2021


Sharon M. Albright, DVM, CCRT

Puppy Cognition –

the Making of a Brilliant Canine Mind Cognition is described as the ability to use perception, memory, attention, and reasoning to assimilate information into knowledge and understanding. Scientists now know that a single construct such as general intelligence does not adequately explain the variation seen in cognitive abilities within and between species such as humans and dogs. The AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) and its donors have invested in ground-breaking research to explore the cognitive abilities of our canine companions – particularly those that work closely with us as detection dogs, service dogs, assistance dogs, and more. With funding from CHF Grant 1995: Understanding the Flexibility and Limitations of How Dogs Acquire Knowledge and Understanding: Application to Service Dog Emotional Health and Selection, investigators examined dogs’ temperamental and cognitive traits and how they might be used to predict an individual dog’s chance of success as a service or detection dog.1 Successful service dogs were more likely to engage in eye contact with the human tester when faced with an unsolvable task or when social interaction was interrupted

and scored higher on inferential reasoning tasks. Successful detection dogs scored higher on tests of sensitivity to human gestures and short-term memory. Investigators also showed that existing cognitive and temperament tests can help predict success in these working roles. This research is critical to improve the training and selection process for working dogs. Which cognitive traits predict success in various working roles? How can we use each dog’s cognitive style to maximize their learning? At what age do these cognitive traits first appear and when are they fully developed? Are these traits stable over the dog’s lifetime or do they change throughout puppyhood, adolescence, and maturity? With funding from CHF Grant 02518: The Effects of Early Life Experience on Working Dog Temperament and Cognition, investigators are collaborating with Canine Companions f or Independence (CCI) to explore these issues in young puppies. The latest research results published in Animal Behaviour2 describe the cognitive characteristics of eight to ten-week-old puppies whelped at the CCI headquarters in Santa Rosa, CA or in local volunteer breeder caretaker homes. The puppies stayed with their dam and littermates until approximately eight weeks of age. At that age, they received veterinary care at the CCI headquarters before going to individual puppy raiser homes. It was at this time that each puppy completed the Dog Cognitive Development Battery – a series of 14 tasks completed over three days in a 45-minute session each day. Results represent the first description of cognitive skills in such a large group of puppies at this young age. Results demonstrate that by eight to ten weeks of age, puppies show perceptual discrimination and memory after short delays. They exhibit social communicative skills, flexible thinking,


and self-control, but all to lesser degrees than adult dogs. Investigators conclude that dogs appear to be biologically programmed for communication with humans and that these skills show up early in development. Since many of these traits are linked to success in various working dog roles, we can study the stability of these traits over time and how they correlate with ultimate success in a working role. The AKC Canine Health Foundation and its donors continue to support ground-breaking research like this to help us better understand and better care for our closest animal companions. Learn more at

Summary of the Dog Cognitive Development Battery and results published in Animal Behaviour2 TASK - RETRIEVAL DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: This task evaluated a puppy’s willingness to cooperatively engage in fetch with a human partner. All puppies had a tendency to chase and pick up the ball, which matches results from previous studies, even those involving a non-retriever breed, the German Shepherd Dog. TASK - LATERALITY DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: Investigators tracked paw preference when the puppy was stepping on or off of a platform. This left or righthandedness is believed to reflect lateralization within the brain and has been linked to temperamental reactivity in adult dogs. Half of the tested puppies showed a significant preference for one side, although left and right were not statistically different. TASK - HUMAN INTEREST DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: This task tested a puppy’s desire to attend to a human that spoke to them. Puppies spent approximately 6 seconds looking at the human’s face during each 30 second trial and approximately 18 seconds looking at the human’s face during each 30 second play break. TASK - CYLINDER DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: A) Inhibitory control: This task tested a puppy’s ability to defer immediate reward and make a choice that would ultimately be more productive. A food reward was placed behind a plastic barrier. To be successful, puppies had to defer the natural choice of moving directly toward the treat and

instead go around the barrier to reach the food reward. Both transparent and opaque barriers were tested. Puppies went directly around the barrier approximately half of the repetitions. They were more successful if the barrier was opaque. If the barrier was transparent, they would spend more time bumping into the barrier attempting to get the visible food reward before learning to go around. B) Cognitive flexibility: This task tested a puppy’s response when a previously preferred solution was no longer available. The food reward was placed behind an opaque barrier and the side to which each puppy preferentially went around in the inhibitory control task was blocked with clear plastic. To be successful, the puppy had to go to the other side of the barrier. Most tested puppies demonstrated a strong preference to go left versus right. When that side was blocked, they went directly to the open side approximately 33% of the time. Puppies with the strongest side preference performed the worst when that side was blocked. For both of these tests, older puppies solved the problem faster than younger puppies. However, the tests did not discriminate if they were faster at problem solving or if they were simply able to move faster around the barrier once they did realize the solution.

TASK - UNSOLVABLE TASK DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: This task tested a puppy’s inclination to persist at an unsolvable problem versus looking to a nearby human for help. Food reward was placed inside a clear, locked container. During each 30 second trial, tested puppies spent an average of only 1 second looking at the nearby human’s face and an average of 13 seconds trying to manipulate the container. This agrees with results from previous studies demonstrating that young puppies do orient to humans for assistance, but not as much as adult dogs. TASK - GESTURE USE DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: These tasks tested a puppy’s ability to use various communicative cues to find hidden reward. For each task, the examiner showed the puppy a food reward, but the puppy’s view was blocked while the food was hidden in one of two possible containers. The puppy was then able to see both containers and was given one of the following cues. Fall 2021


Puppy Cognition A) Communicative marker: The examiner obviously placed a yellow block next to the cup containing a hidden food reward. Tested puppies used this cue approximately 75% of the repetitions, performing better than expected by chance. B) Arm pointing: The examiner obviously looked at and pointed to the cup containing food. Tested puppies again performed better than expected by chance and used the arm pointing gesture in approximately 70% of the repetitions. B) Odor control: No cue was given from the examiner. Tested puppies chose the cup containing food reward as expected by random chance. This indicated that smelling the food reward in the cup did not influence their response to the communicative marker or arm pointing.

TASK - NOVEL OBJECT DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: This task tested a puppy’s response to an unfamiliar object - in this case, a motion-activated, motorized stuffed cat. Puppy reactions varied along the spectrum of shy to bold. TASK - WORKING MEMORY DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: This task tested a puppy’s ability to recall the location of a hidden food reward after various periods of time. Tested puppies performed better than expected by chance at 5 and 10 second intervals. Only one third of the puppies did well enough at these time intervals to attempt 15 and 20 second delays. Again, the puppies tested at these longer intervals performed better than expected by chance. TASK - DISCRIMINATION DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: A) Visual: Puppies chose which of two hidden plates contained a food reward after watching the examiner place kibble on one of them. B) Auditory: Puppies chose which of two hidden metal bowls contained a food reward after hearing the examiner drop kibble into one of them. B) Odor: Puppies chose which of two rubber tubes contained a food reward after sniffing two similar tubes. The ends of the tubes were


stuffed with cotton to prevent the kibble fom being visible or moving around to create a sound. Tested puppies performed better than expected by chance in each of these tasks. Visual discrimination was the most successful, followed by olfactory, then auditory.

TASK - SURPRISING EVENTS DESCRIPTION AND RESULTS: This task evaluated a puppy’s reaction to a series of unexpected and potentially startling events: a large trash bag stuffed with shredded paper was tossed in front of the puppy, an umbrella was opened toward the puppy, and a piece of sheet metal was shaken (making sound and pulses of air) near the puppy. Similar to the novel object task, individual responses and recovery rates varied. References: 1. MacLean EL and Hare BA. (2018) Enhanced Selection of Assistance and Explosive Detection Dogs Using Cognitive Measures. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 5:236. 2. Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., & MacLean, E. L. (2020). Cognitive characteristics of 8- to 10-week-old assistance dog puppies. Animal Behaviour. 166, 193–206.

Fall 2021



Fall 2021


Jo Ann Frier-Murza

Terrier, Terrain, and Turtles Laura Speight is among a new generation of wildlife biologists who have turned the amazing abilities of dogs into wildlife conservation tools. Not only do she and her dogs find rare, declining, and even undesireable wildlife for survey and research data, her pack includes a talented Border Terrier! Laura retired from a career in wildlife management because she wanted to become involved in the relatively new field of using trained dogs in wildlife research and management. Her Golden Retrievers and Border Collie became her “hunting” dogs and they were adept at learning to find target species in natural environments. She is a contractor for an international entity called Working Dogs for Conservation (WD4C) and also for the University of Houston, Clear Lake and Environmental Institute of Houston.

Laura Speight with Ghillie and Raine


One of Laura’s projects is in Lake Meredith National Recreation Area. Her Border Collie, Darby, and two Goldens, Raine and Tony, examine private boats before they are lauched to prevent the invasive Zebra Mussel from hitching a ride into the lake. This lake has been spared from infestation, so far, and authorities want to prevent the devastating environmental damage the Mussel has caused wherever it goes. One of Darby’s jobs is out-reach, and the team also greets visitors, makes friends, and spreads the word about the importance of cleaning boats before launch and preventing the spread of the Mussel. Ghillie, the Border Terrier, joined Laura’s team 2.5 years ago when she was looking for a small active working dog with a strong work ethic. She was attracted to a Border Terrier she met at a herding event and puppy Ghillie came soon after. Ghillie is learning to channel his terrier skills while Laura appreciates his manageable earthdog size.

Box Turtle find

Ghillie may be too small to stretch up to a trailered boat to scan for Zebra Mussels, but he’s got great potential to find buried turtles in tricky spots. Laura is currently training him to find Western Chicken Turtles, a species thought to be in decline in west Texas. The University of Houston’s Clear Lake and Environmental Institute needs to learn more about the rare species in an effort to study its needs and distribution. The turtles are mainly aquatic, but they range into the woods far from their water source and spend the summer motionless in burrows well below the surface. Raine, Tony, and Darby can find the turtles, too, but Ghillie will specialize in finding the Western Chicken Turtles when they are buried underground. It is likely that their scent is diminished while they are sealed in the soil, but Laura believes that Ghillie’s behavior to freeze then pounce and dig demonstrates his natural inclination and ability to seek subterranean targets. She’s directing that talent towards turtles, and it seems like Ghillie is on his way to becoming a real contributor to finding these otherwise undetectable individuals.

Checking a burrow

Fall 2021


Terrier, Terrain and Turtles Laura spends many hours in the field rewarding her dogs for finding any kind of turtle, including the Box Turtles which are common in her area. The dogs get lots of experience finding wild turtles and they enjoy the hunt as well as the rewards. Ghillie is no exception to loving the rewards, but he also seems to have a definite terrier opinion about turtles, possibly even considering them to be the enemy. He does not try to harm them, but soon he will need to learn to indicate them delicately. A future Box Turtle survey project in a region where they are rare is a possibility!

Laura has found the perfect small dog to share her life and professional goals. She is now an advocate for terriers in wildlife work and has suggested that a terrier would be a good choice to fill WD4C’s current search for a small dog to train for checking shipments which might contain illicit wildlife products in South Africa and to find rats on container ships.

Even though Ghillie is in training as a turtle detective, Laura says “For certain, rats/moles/ gophers are his prey of choice!” and he gladly digs up her yard in pursuit. They enjoy many dog sports together, and he has earned RN, CGC, TKA, RATN, TL-I and UL-I titles. He also has 2 legs toward his BN, 1 JE leg and points towards his NASDA brace level 1 title.

Ghillie equipped with pathfinder


Search Map

Fall 2018


Muriel Lee

THE SCOTTISH TERRIER AT A GLANCE I think that the Scottish Terrier Club of America has put out a striking piece for AKC judges of the breed. “The Scottish Terrier at a Glance” is on a 4 ½” x 8 ½” card that has been sent out to all judges of the Scottish Terrier. The accompanying letter noted that “The Scottish Terrier Club of America Officers and Directors wish to reiterate and re-confirm for all judges the proper breed specific examination of the Scottish Terrier.” AKC judge and STCA member Kathi Brown was chair of this committee and in an email Kathi noted: “As you can probably expect distilling the content was the difficult process – it is not the complete standard nor the illustrated guide. We are blessed to have the illustrations from the guide by Darle Heck which gives vision to the words. The STCA Board funded the printing and the mailing to all breed group and BIS judges.” THE STCA is a very fortunate club with a membership of about 700 families. In addition, over the past decades several wealthy


members of the STCA have left memorials to the club upon their deaths and the club, with guidance from good treasurers and boards, have invested this money well and are able to fund projects like this one. But, as Kathi mentioned in an email re the judges …”remembering that we can teach them but we cannot learn them.” However, the STCA is doing their very best to guide the judges to find the best Scottie in the ring on the day that they are being judged. I should note that I am a long-time member of the STCA.

PLEASE NOTE: If any parent terrier club would like to produce thier own breed “Judging Card,” TerrierGroup can help with illustration, lay-out and printing if needed. Contact Melanie at

Fall 2021



Fall 2018


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Fall 2021



Fall 2021



Fall 2021


Olga Forlicz

Breath of Normality...? It’s hardly possible to keep up with the changes, all of the adjustments and the lock-downs, that are happening with the speed of light. However, representatives of the foreign kennel clubs are waiting in the starting blocks for any possibility of organizing a show, keeping their fingers on the pulse and following all, even minimal changes made by the authorities, to enable the arrangement of a dog-related event. And so, whenever there was an opportunity to officially organize anything for a group larger than a few people, kennel clubs in Europe immediately jumped into the work. Some, especially in Nordic countries, follow all the restrictions and keep the numbers of people attending the event down, came up with an idea of having shows based on breed judging while letting go the finals. While still having Cooper, my American Sealyham buddy, to campaign in Europe, but not being able to show him just anywhere because of his docked tail and show restrictions that come with it in many countries, I keep my eyes wide open for any opportunities to take him into the ring. I can’t count all the shows he’s been entered to but have been canceled due to COVID-19. One time a show was canceled while exhibitors were already on their way to the show and there was nothing else to do but to turn around and go home.




Our first shows this year, in May, took place in Macedonia and Hungary and in both countries COVID tests were necessary to be able to enter the countries. And in both cases no one checked a thing to see if the vaccines were given! Do I need to mention thatbthey cost more than $100 each time? And one had to take a test when coming back home too, to skip 14 days of isolation? Luckily vaccinating, when finally possible, changed the traveling possibilities and let those fully vaccinated move around easier without the need of testing when crossing borders. I was lucky to be invited to judge two national shows in Gorzów Wielkopolski, a beautiful old city in western Poland, on the Warta river. The shows were arranged without any audience attending and with a maximum of one person per entered dog, following the current restrictions, but no other ordinances were in charge. It felt fantastic to be back in the ring on the other side as well and have some top winning dogs shown for me, including a top winning Kerry Blue Ch. Giotto Esprit Active (bred by Doris Kapferer in Switzerland, owned by Anna Krauze), who went on to win the group after being best of breed in my ring. Second in the group was, also judged by me in the breed ring, a Westie, Vision of Vertragus, bred and owned by Paulina and Justyna Skrobiszewska, the top winning terrier in Poland 2020, champion in many countries, including the USA, where he was shown by Rebecca Cross at the beginning of 2019.

Ch. L’yana de Vista Sambuca, who was just a little stubborn and didn’t quite enjoy showing on the grass. Oh, how I wish I will have a chance to judge her again... Of course, the coronavirus subject was on the minds of many, but also became an excuse for many shortcomings. Dogs were too fat because of COVID, too skinny because of COVID, not socialized because of COVID, too long in coat because of COVID, overgroomed because of COVID, too. I guess now, when the virus is more under control, the dogs are going to be in perfect condition again! As it’s been for the last one and a half years, planning anything can be difficult. As for today, there are not many restrictions in most of the European countries, but with the new wave of delta variant expected to hit anytime soon, no one can predict what will happen to the already planned events. With my optimistic attitude and hope that things are on the good track again, I have my dogs entered in three weekends in the next six weeks and two others I’ll have a chance to judge again, hoping nothing will mess up the plans. And now it’s up to President Biden if he decides to open the borders and let us be a part of Montgomery weekend. Although there are only a few weeks left I still hope to see you all there... Editor’s note: The Yorkshire Terrier is in the Terrier group in Europe.

Among other nice breed winners I had the pleasure to give highest award in Scotties to a lovely bitch Ch. Posh Spice of Dominoscots (bred and owned by Dominika & Grażyna Kubisz), who wasn’t placed in the group that day but got second place the day after. Beautiful representatives of Sealyhams came all the way from Germany and it’s been a delight to give Didgeridoo’s Hilton Flight, bred and owned by Irene Schotel, the BOB rosette. My biggest entry was in Yorkshire Terriers and I was delighted with the quality of my winners! Both BOB and BOS went to dogs owned by J acek Wóltański and although the male, beautiful moving Ch. Hamilton Nové Kasio, was the breed winner that day (and the group winner the day after!), my heart was stolen by the bitch -

Fall 2021



Fall 2021


Profile for TerrierGroup

TerrierGroup V6N4 Fall 2021  

A magazine just for Terriers. Fall issue

TerrierGroup V6N4 Fall 2021  

A magazine just for Terriers. Fall issue

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