Table of Contents Volume 4 Number 2 â€˘ Spring 2019
Editorial Muriel Lee
Sweet Dog, Street Dog
Artist Eddie Kagimu
Judge Mareth Kipp
TerrierGroup Interview TerrierGroup Interview
Westminmster Kennel Club Muriel Lee
The Digging Terrier Dr. Theresa Nesbitt M.D.
Dog Shows and on Dog Showing
Look at Books
Breeder Interview Muriel Lee
Tests for the Hunting Terrier Jo Ann Frier-Murza
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Advertisers â€˘ Spring 2019 Chris Brill-Packard......................................................... 46-47
Reita and Craig Nicholson............................................... 45
Jo Ann Frier-Murza............................................................. 29
Sally Sweatt........................................................... Cover, 2-3
Alex Geisler................................................................... 12-13
United States Kerry Blue Terrier Club.................................. 4
Kerry Blue Terrier Club of Greater Pittsburgh.................. 21 Lisa and Eric Leady............................................................. 5 Muriel Lee........................................................................... 17 MAC Fine Art...................................................................... 25
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Muriel Lee • EDITORIAL
TerrierGroup Editorial Time goes by fast and with it comes the arrival of the 143rd Westminster Kennel Club show. Our foreign correspondent Olga Forkleiz will be at the show with her camera, taking fabulous photos for our next issue of TerrierGroup. In this issue we have a listing of the terriers that have won best in show at Westminster and the number is many with the Fox Terrier holding the most wins and the Scottish Terrier following closely. Without a doubt, the terriers held the top spot for many years but in the more recent years a variety of breeds have been best in show and that’s good for the sport of dogs. Articles of interest in this issue: Kris Kibbee has written a lovely article about fostering a dog coming from the streets of Thailand; not easy but Kris learned a lot and the dog became “Americanized” as such, and found a perfect home. Thank goodness for individuals like Kris who will take the time and have the patience to take on such a project. Theresa Nesbitt writes about the terriers and their digging and Jo Ann Frier-Murza has a most interesting article on European earthdog tests. There are many interesting interviews in this issue. Artist Eddie Kagimu relates his beginnings in art and how he progressed to the world of dogs. Mareth Kipp, well liked AKC judge, tells how she began in the world of dogs and how much of her family is also very active in the sport, and also in showing cattle! We hear from Sally Sweatt, one of the few individuals who has succeeded in winning at Westminster with three breeds in three different groups; her Sealyham Terrier won the group in 1983, her French Bulldog won the breed three times, and her Scottish Deerhound was best in show in 2011. . Declining registrations, particularly among the terrier breeds, are of primary concern to many breed clubs. A recent article by Carmen Battaglia in Canine Chronicle titled “Trends and Data about the Future” noted, “One of the
unintended consequences of declining breed populations is smaller club memberships, the loss of volunteer workers, and decline in the number of new breeders. When combined, these factors point to the potential for serious breed problems, including those related to loss of genetic diversity.” The loss of popularity of a breed can have many long term ramifications. Town and Country magazine had an article about a small group of individuals who provide dogs to the Social Register set. One of these pups struck it rich as he eats ‘only organic turkey and grass-fed beef…lives in an upper East side apartment in a Goyard collar, who drinks out of a rock crystal bowl on a silver tray, has two housekeepers, and leads a ridiculously privileged life.’ What can one say? An article about Judge Elsworth Gamble…and to remember him you have to go back a ways, mentioned how he judged not only as he saw it, but spoke the same. When judging a Kerry Blue specialty in California he noted, “Ten years ago, when I judged the Kerries here, I said that I felt that the quality had declined. Now, ten years later, I can honestly say that the quality of the Kerries is even worse.” Candor rarely heard these days. CNN is currently doing a new series called American Style. They mentioned the scarcity of nylon stockings during the WWII time and that women would go to any lengths to try and find a pair. Our vet, discharged early due to injuries, went from the military to veterinary school in Iowa and one day was presented with a St Bernard with gastric problems. Jim opened the dog up and found a pair of nylons. He said, “I took them out carefully, washed them out and took them home to my wife. She was thrilled!” And a note about the National Dog Show – what fun to find Tara Lipinski and Johnny Weir, both of figure skating fame, hosting the show. Hard to get more colorful than that! When Barbara Bush died, past president George H. W. Bush needed some assistance and the family reached out to America’s VetDogs through
the Walter Reed Hospital, for the service dog Sully. Sully provided Bush with needed companionship and worked throughout the state funeral. He was seen by many next to the coffin while it was lying in state. From this job, Sully went on to Walter Reed Hospital to work with veterans. This photo, shown during the sad week of services, was touching.
in jobs that require interacting with travelling passengers and children, as they appear to be more friendly and less aggressive. For decades the dog of choice for this type of work has been the German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois. The perception of a floppy eared dog is that it’s a sporting breed that you can take out on the field or you can put him out in the yard with your children and expect no harm. In other words,
Photo via Instagram/sullyhwbush; AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta
Melina Mara / The Washington Post
The Associated Press reported that dogs trained by America’s VetDogs are provided free of charge. It can cost up to $50,000 to breed, train and place one of these dogs Along the line of service dogs, the TSA has come out to favor floppy-eared dog breeds, especially
it comes down to the pointy-eared dogs being more intimidating and used for detection work, and the floppy eared are used for travelers who need a little comfort while stranded in the airport. Send us your ideas and tell us what you would like to see in the magazine. And of course, send us your ads! Contact Reita Nicholson at reita@ terriergroup.org. for her expert assistance.
Muriel Lee • Editor Spring 2019
Street Dog, Sweet Dog: The beautiful butterfly effect of dog fostering
They called her Eeeny. Such a silly name. The shyest from a litter of four, her siblings-- Meany, Miney and Moe—had all found homes as she’d watched stoically from the sidelines. Fifteen pounds of scrap and wiry umber hair, the Carin Terrier mix had been rounded up on the streets of Thailand, flown half-way around the world, and in the process lost everything she ever held dear. And yet I saw something; something in those hazel eyes that told me it hadn’t tempered her spirit. She was a dog. Perhaps more of a dog than any I’d ever met. And like any dog, she was wired to live in the moment. She was built to keep moving forward. Those gingerly-stepping little pads had probably walked a thousand miles. They’d probably skittered down alleyways, running from the Meat men. They’d probably dodged bottles, and hungry eyes, and shivered on a bed made of cardboard. But they’d keep moving forward, without complaint, and without fail … even if they did so with a hint of trepidation. The rescue organization that had plucked Eeeny from the bowels of Thailand had placed her in a boarding facility after all of her siblings had found families, and now she was languishing. She needed a home. She needed a safe spot to land. She needed a foster Mom, and I decided that she needed me. And maybe I needed her too.
I’m not sure what possessed me, beyond the recent loss of my own dog. I’d known the woman who founded the rescue for years and it had never occurred to me to foster a dog for her before. But here was this empty space in my heart and my home, and the phantom sound of paw steps echoing through my hallways that drove me mad. So, I brought Eeeny home. I brought Eeeny home, thinking she’d rejoice at the sight of a soft bed, and a Mount Everest-sized pyramid of toys, and two squares a day. And part of her did. Part of her reacted just like I thought she would—like some impoverished child from the streets of Mumbai who’d never had more than a dirty towel for a bed. She curled up beside me that very first night with an undeniable sigh of contentment and a lingering look that told me THANK YOU, without saying a word. That grateful part of her was also so incredibly sweet that I felt indulgent, just lying next to it. She awoke me the next day with happy eyes, and tender licks, and a soft muzzle buried in the crotch of my armpit—just soaking me in. And I was in love. Straight up, butterflies-in-the-tummy, IN LOVE. I’d fall asleep, dreaming of waking up next to her. I’d be in the grocery store and imagine her sweet, butternut eyes watching me wander the isles. I felt like I had a little secret tucked in my back pocket. I had this special girl…the sweet, magical girl…waiting for me when I left the store. But the Sweet Dog was also a Street Dog—a kind of dog that I’ve never in my life encountered.
There’s a very different mentality to a street dog than the milquetoast puppies raised in comfy homes and coddled from eight weeks up. A street dog has to learn to fend for itself. A street dog has to make its own way. A street dog … particularly one growing up in a city full of folks bent on eating her … has to look out for herself. And the first day that Eeeny and I stepped out from the warm womb of home, the Street Dog came out. The street dog has its head on a swivel. The street dog didn’t know I was on the other end of the leash. It didn’t care. Never mind those endless, besotted hours we spent cuddling in bed. The street dog couldn’t indulge in such attachments. The street dog’s life was on the line. Suddenly, I felt like I was fostering a dog formerly owned by Dr. Jekyll—the one he used as a lab rat before he tested the stuff on himself. I’d like to tell you that after countless walks, and training sessions, and the fostering of trust over time that Eeeny let the street dog hitch a ride back to Thailand. But she didn’t. It had become part of her—part of the core her. And you know what, that was okay with me. Somehow, a part of me grew to love the street dog, just as much as the sweet dog. I respected her. I understood her. I knew that as much as I wanted her to be this precious little thing that was always tucked between the folds of my heart and my bedcovers, part of her would always be wild. Part of her would always be looking for that meat wagon, and that unfriendly hand reaching out to grab her up by the scruff. Eeeny did grow to trust me. And she let me teach her things. It felt like an honor to teach her things—because I knew that was a grace she’d granted me. She put her trembling little body on my hands and let me guide the way. I taught her to walk politely on a leash—very unlike the wild bronco she’d arrived as. I taught her to sit,
and to have her dainty, calloused paws wiped. I taught her to manage her ravenous hunger—to realize that the next meal was coming; and from kind hands. And in the end … when Eeeny made her way back out of my life, I felt that we parted ways better for it—both of us. She had learned to live in a civilized world, and I had let a little bit of her wildness creep into me. She taught me the value and beauty of an imperfect little street dog that, when you cared enough to look at her closely, was sweeter than any creature on earth.
If you are interested in fostering one of the many, MANY dogs being rescued from the Asian meat trades, PLEASE visit https://www.soidog.org/ to learn more about SOI Dog Foundation. I think you’ll find that there’s a greater need than you could imagine, and an ever greater reward for opening your heart and home to it. Editor’s note: Since writing this article Kris noted that Eeeny had been adopted , and how fortunate that she was adopted by the woman who originally adopted her sister. And here’s a photo of the two handsome dogs and their owner.
Interview with artist Eddie Kagimu
TG: Tell us about your early start in art â€“ how it came about. EK: I have always had the ability to draw and paint right from a young age. I started out drawing cartoon characters on my bedroom walls and writing comic books for friends. My mother saw my potential and bought me brushes and an art pad to stop me from drawing on the walls.
TG: How many years have you been an active painter? And where do you prefer to work? EK: I started taking art seriously about five years ago after someone I did a piece for posted it on Facebook and it garnered much interest. Prior to that I was working as a management accountant and was using art as numerical detox. The interest and demand for my paintings happened almost overnight and it has been nonstop to this day. Three years ago I decided to take up art as a full time profession. I have a purpose-built studio in my garden from which I produce all of my work.
TG: You have a marvelous portfolio of canine art works. What other subjects do you like to work with? EK: I never set out to be a canine painter as I primarily painted landscapes and people portraits with the occasional canine thrown in. However, the demand from dog owners was overwhelming and has surpassed all other subjects.
TG: Tell us about your style of painting. EK: I work very freely in watercolour, with a minimum of compositional drawing; this gives
the paintings an unpremeditated look which attempts to express the beautiful, but transitory nature of the subject matter.
TG: Where is your art work on display? EK: The majority of my art work is held in private collections, mostly in the United States and Australia. I currently have works on display at the Norwich Forum.
TG: Do you take personal commissions? EK: Yes, most of my work is by commission.
TG: Where can one find your artwork on the internet? EK: On Etsy, Facebook, Amazon, Artfinder, Pinterest, and on my website.
TerrierGroup Interview with artists Eddie Kagimu
MARETH KIPP, AKC JUDGE TerrierGroup is very pleased magazine is very pleased to have an interview with Mareth Kipp from North Prairie, Wisconsin. Mrs. Kipp judges the terrier and sporting groups in addition to working dogs.
TG: Did you grow up with a purebred dog? If not, when did you acquire your first purebred? And what breed did you start with? MK: I did not grow up with a dog as mother wasn’t interested, so instead I brought home every street dog but always had to let them go. While in grade school I did walk a Kerry Blue terrier for ten minutes each afternoon after school. When I married my husband Fred there was a sable Collie on the farm, but she wasn’t mine. So for my birthday my parents bought me a Wire Fox Terrier, thus the love for Terriers became a reality.
TG: When did you attend your first dog show, and why did you think it would be fun and challenging to show a dog? MK: I did not know about the world of dog shows until I read in the paper that there was a show in Milwaukee held by the now defunct Wisconsin Kennel Club. We had lost the Collie and the Wire and we were ready for a good family dog. My mother-in-law suggested an Airedale as she had one as a child. Because finances were a challenge at that time we found an ad in a farm newspaper advertising an Airedale for sale. Off went our check for $25 and Kippy, our first Airedale, arrived in a wooden crate by train. She obviously wasn’t a purebred, but she was one of the smartest dogs you could ever imagine. She was a farm dog, a patient companion to our kids, and could hunt with the best of them. As luck would have it, I passed a newsstand one day with a dog magazine for sale. In it was an ad for a “show Airedale.” “Wow” I thought, not
One of our champion Guernsey cows
knowing anything about coat care or how to prepare a show dog. We sent our money off and Candy arrived from a Tennessee breeder. I started the journey hoping to find someone who could help me and eventually we found handler Charlie Prager. I wanted to immerse myself in this dog show thing and felt a female handler would be a better bet for me as I could go with her to the shows. That individual was Annemarie Moore, and we travelled together until she stopped handling and began to judge. What a journey this became! I loved everything about the dog shows and couldn’t wait for the next weekend and the next show. Between handlers I did show my own dogs, often taking my kids with me. This was truly a family sport and we enjoyed it immensely.
TG: What started you on the road to become an AKC judge? What attracted you to judging? MK: We had some lovely dogs that did some nice winning as we progressed through the years of shows. I was asked to judge sweepstakes and discovered that I really enjoyed judging. I used to
jokingly say that it was easier to judge than to get up in the middle of the night during a huge rain or snow storm with a dog suffering from diarrhea. It’s been about 30 years now that I’ve been judging.
TG: What do you enjoy about judging and which show has been your favorite to judge? MK: I thoroughly enjoy judging. The excitement of seeing that dog that walks into the ring that just gives you goosebumps is what keeps us all going. It’s easy to become complacent while judging, but I always keep in mind my first show dog with the trim that I did, and remember this could be that exhibitors first dog. When I have, I believe an owner/handler on the end of the lead, I always congratulate them on the condition of their dog, and I love to see the smile on the handlers face. I understand what it takes to put a Terrier in condition, and it doesn’t happen overnight. On my soap box, please: I wish some of the newer judges in the Terrier group would understand correct coats and the dedication that it takes to get that dog to look like it does. I have had the opportunity to judge all over the world. Dogs have been very good to me. Actually I don’t have one favorite show, but judging a breed, any breed, at the Montgomery County Kennel Club show is always very special.
CH Moraine First Addition. “Bradly”
TG: You have two granddaughters that are active in the dog world – tell us a little about them. MK: We have two very talented granddaughters currently showing dogs. I have to add we have another granddaughter, Emily, who shows our dairy cattle, so the show ring is in their blood. Dylan and Devon grew up at dog shows. I still have a photo when Dylan was probably about three, showing her Norfolk when she could barely see over the top of the table. Most people don’t realize how successful they were in the Juniors ring. Dylan won juniors at Westminster Kennel Club and Devon placed fourth that same year. Dylan has also been lucky enough to have won at the Eukanuba show as well as at a world show. Devon has been equally successful. Most people recognize Dylan with her blonde hair at the end of several very successful Dobermans. Devon has dark hair and is making a name for herself with her Whippets and the Sporting Breeds. Am I proud of all three? You bet!
CH Moraine Promise Her Anything
Ch. Moraine Hold That Tiger, shown by Scott Kipp
TG: How do you see the state of the terriers these days, with the dwindling entries at shows, and with fewer litter registrations? MK: I wish I had the answer to dwindling Terrier entries…lots of reasons, I guess. Many showing dogs today want wash and wear dogs. Perhaps they just don’t have the time to put into developing a jacket on their dogs. Lives are busier, jobs, kids in various activities and perhaps money. I do think AKC is approving too many dog shows as points, especially majors, are almost nonexistent. When we started on this journey, yes, it has been 50 years, there was one show within a reasonable driving distance on one day of the weekend. Clusters hadn’t even been considered. I love them, saves on moving, etc., but I believe five day clusters are very hard on both the dogs and the owners or handlers. However, cluster shows seem to becoming the norm.
TG: Any encouraging thoughts for individuals who are new to the terrier breeds and to the dog show scene? MK: I wish I could give newer exhibitors the same feeling I still have when I walk into a show. I walk in, take a deep breath, and think “this is where I belong!” Of course, when the weekend is over I am just as thrilled to be going home. Give this sport a chance. Don’t fall into the gossip thrown about by some that all wins are fixed. As a judge we all try to do a good job, select the dog we feel best represents the breed standard on the day. Remember, we all view these dogs through different eyes and there is no one size that fits all, so to speak. Stick with it. I have friends all over the world because of my association with dogs and shows. Editor’s note: Thanks, Mareth – we love this interview!
WESTMINSTER KENNEL CLUB – TERRIER FACTS FROM 1907 TO 2000
The following has been taken from THE DOG SHOW: 125 YEARS OF WESTMINSTER by William F. Stifel. Of all the groups, terriers have had the greatest number of best in shows, followed by the sporting group.
Smooth Fox Terrier Ch. Warren Remedy
“Perfect of its kind.” Homebred and owner/handled.
Smooth Fox Terrier Ch. Warren Remedy
“An excellent animal that had become better”
Smooth Fox Terrier Ch. Warren Remedy
Third win in succession, never repeated.
Smooth Fox Terrier Ch. Sabine Rarebit
American bred. Decision was well received.
Ch. Tickle-Em-Jock A rags-to- riches story – English bred. 1912
Ch. Kenmore Sorceress Welsh bred. Exhibited by owner who judged WKC ten times.
Wire Fox Terrier Ch. Marford Vic English bred. Kennel mate took reserve BIS.
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch. Matford Vic “One of the best that ever stood on four legs”
Wire Fox Terrier Ch. Conejo Wycollar-Boy “The most perfect dog.” 22
Ch. Haymarket Faultless “The crowd went wild.” 1919
Ch. Briergate Bright Beauty “She got a warm reception.” 1920
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch. Conejo Wycollar Boy
A second win! “Swamped with congratulations!”
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch. Pendley Calling of Blarney “Received with great applause” English bred
Ch. Boxwood Barkentine “First, last, and best of all!” 1924
Ch. Barberry Bootlegger “As though trotting through a pasture!” 1926
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch. Signal Circuit of Halleston Shown by Percy Roberts, English bred 1927
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch. Pendley Calling of Blarney Defeated 167 wires and 48 smooths. 1933
Airedale Terrier Ch. Warland Protector of Shelterock English bred. Judge Geraldine Dodge 1934
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch. Flornell Spicy Bit of Halleston English bred, handled by Percy Roberts, his third WKC BIS
Ch. Pinegrade Perfection Shown by Percy Roberts, English bred
Ch. St. Margaret Magnificent of Clairedale English bred, L. Brumby, handler
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch. Talavera Margaret “Margaret had never looked better”
Wire Fox Terrier Ch. Flornell Spicypiece of Halleston English bred, Percy Roberts handler Spring 2019
West Highland White
Ch. Wolvey Pattern of Edgerstoune English bred, “of notable ancestry”
Ch Dersade Bobby’s Girl Welsh bred. Peter Green’s second win
Ch. Flornell Rare-Bit of Twin Ponds English bred, “left nothing to be desired”
Ch BraeBurn’s Close Encounter “She’s the perfect Scottie bitch.”
Scottish Terrier Shielling’s Signature Owner, breeder, handler. “
A superb showman.”
Wire Fox Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier Ch Registry’s Lonesome Dove Like the song, “Close enough to Perfect Norwich Terrier
Hetherington Model Rhythm “She showed like a queen”
Ch Chidley Willun the Conqueror Peter Green with his third WKC win.
Ch Rock Ridge Night Rocket His victory was well accepted by all
Ch. Gaelforce Post Script “She’s a little cart-horse of a bitch.”
Scottish Terrier Ch Walsing Winning Trick of Edgerstoune English bred, best in show, Morris & Essex 1962
West Highland White
Norwich Terrier Ch Fairewood Frolic “She’s in magnificent condition!” Green’s 4th win
Ch Elfinbrook Simon English bred. “A little white sparkling meteor.” 1965
Ch Carmichaels Fanfare “Honest all the way” 1966
Wire Fox Terrier
Ch Zeloy Mooremaides Magic English bred, “A real sample of the FoxTerrier 1967
Scottish Terrier Ch Bardene Bingo English bred, “He is a great dog.” Judge Percy Roberts
Ch Stingray of Derryabah English bred, Peter Green’s first WKC win 1969
Ch Glamoor Good News “She practically knew what she was there for. 1976
Lakeland Terrierr Ch Jo Ni’s Red Baron “He was all confidence and quality.”
Several notes of interest: 1928 – Winner Wire Fox Terrier bitch, Ch. Talavera Margaret. “When Margaret entered the ring for the finale, she was greeted with hand clapping on all sides. Margaret does not seem to pay any attention but her handler, Alfred Mitchell, looks up and touched the brim of his hat.” 1942 – The Westie, Ch. Wolvey Pattern of Edgerstoune, was owned by Mrs. John G. Winant, wife of the Ambassador to the Court of St. James. Her Edgerstouone kennel was one of the largest and most successful kennels in the U. S. She also owned the Scottish Terrier, Ch. Walsing Winning Trick of Edgerstoune, that won BIS in 1950. 1969 – Walter Goodman and his Skye. The year of the blizzard. Walter and his mother were walking to the Garden and Walter was carrying the Skye. Someone yelled at him, “Walter, why don’t you carry your mother?”: And Walter replied “I’m not showing my mother.”
Dr. Theresa Nesbit, MD
THE DIGGING TERRIERS!
“We dig, dig, dig, dig, dig, dig, dig in our mine the whole day through To dig, dig, dig, dig, dig, dig, dig is what we really like to do It ain’t no trick to get rich quick If you dig, dig, dig with a shovel or a pick.” Heigh-Ho from Snow White
The dwarves from Snow White aren’t the only ones fond of digging. Although terriers don’t come equipped with a shovel or a pick, they do possess many characteristics that enable them to be master excavators. Interestingly enough, dwarfism is one of them! If we dive in head first, we come up with the one trait common to the entire group - gameness. Terriers don’t let anything come between them and their “prize” including dirt, rocks, roots and other animals — be it vermin or other dogs. Before kennel clubs and closed registries, old26
timers knew that introducing some terrier blood into their breeding program was likely to kick it up a notch. Attitude and courage count for a lot, but working terriers possess specific physical attributes that help them dig effectively in diverse terrains and also protect them from the hazards of burrowing in different types of soil and rocks. Although descriptions of terriers or “earthdogs” have been around for many centuries - specific breeds are a new way of describing particular characteristics that were advantageous to humans breeding them. These traits are still present in the current breed standards.
Heads First! Digging terriers tend to have smaller, ovalshaped and more deeply set eyes. That combined with their spirited dispositions give a characteristic keen expression. A large round protuberant eye is more vulnerable to injury from dirt. Eyebrows are often a key feature - some breeds like Soft Coated Wheatens, Kerry Blues,
Skye Terriers, and Lakelands have an extravagant unibrow called a fall. Scotties are the Brook Shields of browdom - big, bushy and beautifully sculpted! Scotties also have some nifty muscles which help them seal shut their
prick ears to keep the dirt out. Many other terrier breeds call for a button ear which serves the same function. The most apparent digging modification is leg length. All of the breed standards call for well laid-back shoulder blade (scapula), but longlegged terriers have a shorter upper arm (humerus), while short-legged terriers have shorter forearm (radius and ulna). Each of these anatomical variations keeps the elbows free from friction and trauma, but they result in two distinct digging styles. The shorter humerus on the long-legged terriers allows the forelegs to swing forward of the chest. Dirt is flung between the rear legs. You can “mimic” this action by making vigorous dog paddling movements. I call this “the crawl.” This conformation gives the appearance of a straight or “terrier” front. If the shoulder blade is upright then the leg cannot swing forward – the straighter, shorter upper arm still requires a well laid-back shoulder to function efficiently. In nature, efficient diggers like badgers, groundhogs, moles, and armadillos usually have short, thick forearms and large feet/claws to move dirt out to the sides with short, powerful strokes - like doing the breaststroke in the earth. Short-legged terriers and Dachshunds rest on their sternum leaving their arms free to dig. Achondroplastic or dwarf breeds have normally sized scapula which makes a right angle with the upper arm. They should be as close to the same length as possible. The chest descends below the elbows, and the forelegs curve around the chest making a “wrap around front.” The ribcage is long and elliptical to have adequate room for heart and lungs. Herringguts are objectionable because the sternum must have sufficient length to bear the weight of the dog and protect the organs.
The straight Terrier front compared to that of a Dalmation. The straighter front aids digging while impacting endurance trotting negatively. Illustration by Robert Cole
For short-legged dogs, it’s essential to have an adequate forechest - a prominent prosternum which acts as the bony attachment for the well developed pectoral muscles. For breeds where the chest descends below the elbows, there should be a palpable and visible “front.” An inadequate front is a sign that the upper arm or Spring 2019
The Digging Terrier possess many features in common with shortlegged terriers, and they are the only non-terrier breed that competes in AKC Earthdog events. The British Isles are the historical home of the terriers, and they continue to hunt there. Most of the experts’ value dogs that are small and flexible enough to negotiate tight tunnels and turns. This attribute is specified in the standards for the Border Terrier, the Parson Russell Terrier and the Russell Terrier - all of which call for a spannable chest. humerus (which should be equal in length to the scapula) is too short. Expert grooming can create the illusion of an adequate front with a “wonder bra” effect --that’s why palpation is a critical component of the examination! Old paintings of Dachshunds, Scotties, Dandie Dinmonts and Skye Terriers depict turned-out feet. Generations of selective breeding (and a lot of arguing) have resulted in the more modern forward-facing front feet. The Glen of Imaal Terrier retains this “antique feature” in their standard which calls for “slight but perceptible turnout.” A slight turnout of the feet is probably helpful in sweeping the soil to the sides, but there is no anatomical advantage to extreme turnout or fiddle-fronts which are excessively crooked - these exaggerations are not functional. For the remainder of the short-legged terriers, the legs should be completely straight from elbows to feet. The Russell Standard clearly specifies that “any hint of achondroplasia” is a severe fault. Breed standards are written to reflect and retain features of purpose-bred dogs. Although many of the original jobs have become obsolete, terriers continue to hunt for the underground quarry. The American Working Terrier Association (AWTA) was founded to promote terriers of correct size, conformation, and character to perform as a working terrier. It’s worth noting that not all the terriers are eligible to compete, but Dachshunds are included! Dachshunds are designed to dig and 28
From the Parson Russell Terrier Standard: Spanning: To measure a terrier’s chest, span from behind, raising only the front feet from the ground, and compress gently. Directly behind the elbows is the smaller, firm part of the chest. The central part is usually larger but should feel rather elastic. Span with hands tightly behind the elbows on the forward portion of the chest. The chest must be easily spanned by average size hands. Human beings use tools like spades, shovels, and backhoes to move dirt. Digging dogs rely on their feet. Weak splayed paws make for poor tools. Many standards call for the front feet to be larger than the rear. Some breeds have small paws, some breeds have short paws, some breeds have expandable or “webbed” paws — but they all must have STRONG paws!
Digging is a dirty job, but someone’s gotta do it… In this case, the best one for the job is likely to be a terrier!
DOG SHOWS AND ON SHOWING DOGS – EUROPEAN STYLE
For many years there has been a noticeable decrease in interest in dog shows in Europe. The entries of terriers, especially those wire-haired that require a lot of work, are much lower than 20 or 30 years ago. There are many reasons for this, but it seems that one of the main causes in lower entries is the general change in people’s lifestyles and the increase of show costs. However, when talking with exhibitors, breeders and judges, there are also many opinions about how the changed regulations may affect the popularity of specific breeds. More than 30 years ago Norway, guided by dog welfare, forbid the docking of tails and the cropping of ears; this has forever changed the look of many breeds. Norway was the first country to introduce this provision, but many other countries have now followed. Three decades have passed and people got used to the terriers with natural tails, but the longing for the good old days and the elegant docked look hasn’t gone away.
The next rule introduced by many countries was the ban on the use of cosmetic products during shows, such as chalk or spray; the only “styling product” allowed at shows is water. Grooming arms and choke collars…these are forbidden in some countries as well. All this in the name of dog welfare. Dogs are the most important part of the dog shows – that statement leaves no doubt, but is it really so, and are the changes necessary and going in the right direction? Are all of these changes the idea of kennel clubs, or maybe it’s an act taken under the pressure of proecological organizations. Recently, right before the Bundessieger Show in Germany in November 2018, a leaflet stirred the Internet life. This was information from the German Schnauzer and Pinscher Club that dogs of these breeds should be shown only naturally, on a loose leash and free stacked. At the same time handlers were prohibited from any intervention in the presentation of the dog. I could not pass by this topic indifferently, and of course, I was curious to follow social media talks. Although I find this rule harmful for the show sport, my opinion is less than significant; I thought it would be good to get an opinion at the source and to find out where the idea of these bans came from.
“The initiative was taken by myself,” says Anja Kopp, the Officer of the German Judges of the Pinscher and Schnauzer Club “My clear goal is to inform and give rules for judges, handlers and breeders in respect to our breed standards, and the natural anatomy of the breeds the club is responsible for.
“There are two reasons for the new rules: anatomy and judging temperament and behavior. The anatomy of pinchers and schnauzers is not meant to be presented with ‘head up in the air’ which is forced by handling with a stretched leash. Our breeds are constructed the way to cover ground in movement and head and neck move accordingly to speed…horizontally up and down to give room for the long steps and enough balance for the whole body. By forcing our breeds to move with the heads up, the neck and back line will be in an unnatural position and in the long run the whole anatomy will be deformed.
“Many of the dogs presented nowadays in the show rings are trained from puppy age…their true temperament and spirit isn’t shown and this isn’t possible to be judged. Motivating some dogs with a toy doesn’t work anymore. Stacking a dog by holding the head and pushing behind the tail gives no room for movement…no room for the dog expressing itself, not even while judge is trying to examine it.” Anja Kopp continues, “Pinschers and schnauzers are meant to be self-confident, self-aware and joyful, with lively eyes and with interest for the environment, and that’s what I want to see in the dogs at the shows. The next step is to inform and teach our judges about the correct approach to the characteristics of our breeds. “The rules (ie.loose leash, free stacking) will be continued on all dog shows in Germany for pinschers and schnauzers. In March, during our judges’ conference, this subject will be on the agenda as well. As one of the board members of the International Schnauzer and Pincher Union I will also ask its judges to follow those rules. I believe that for decades, all of us, judges,
breeders, clubs, handlers and officials, have supported a way of showing and training our dogs that is harmful for the health of our dogs. My goal is to inform others about this and to explain this to other judges and dog lovers all over the world.” •••••••• While that is the official statement of the Pinscher and Schnauzer Club many judges, handlers and breeders have quite a different theory about how the rules are created, and the thought behind them.
Often people who are highly respected in the dog show world speak out bluntly and unambiguously” that will kill our hobby”, “something is going wrong,” it will cause that dogs will be trained at home and often not in a gentle way, rules should help, but stupid rules help nobody.”
So I went the other way and asked one of the most successful dog handlers in Europe, Thomas Wastiaux, whose skills and contact with dogs is always a joy to watch. Thomas teaches handling to many top juniors and he also supports the junior handling competitions and protects its naturalness. “Those that create such rules, as the recent one in Germany, tend to believe, and often repeat, that a true champion will be a champion without any help. If he is built correctly he will always stack himself perfectly. I wonder if people still believe in fairytales and think that Miss World has a perfect make up on, smiles and looks perfect 24/7?,” says Thomas, with obvious irony, “Imagine a country like Germany, with German breeds like schnauzers or dachshunds, that make Germans very proud; a dog carrying a German champion title is crème de la crème, especially in their national breeds. The problem is that for decades those are not German dogs winning the most prestigious titles in the country of origin. Instead of facing the reality with dignity and trying to work on improving the dogs in Germany it might be easier to belittle the problem by indicating that the winning animals do so well in
Dog Shows European Style
the rings only thanks to a good handler and clever groomer… or famous handler… or pretty handler… or sometimes handler’s connections with the judge. Thomas Wastiaux continues, “That’s one of my theories for the changing rules. But there might be another one, equally possible; some kennel clubs are trying to please the animal welfare activists by showing that dogs are not mistreated by their handlers at the shows. I believe that the kennel clubs are not really prepared to answer in any other way and instead of protecting us, handlers and breeders; they change rules to make them more “animal friendly.” If I wanted my dog to be judged as it is, moving and stacking without my assistance, I would invite the judge to come over to my house and look at my dog running and playing in the garden. Dog shows are not any dog’s natural environment, so why should we continue with the sport at all?” ••••••••
This rule does not apply to any breed from the FCI group III, which are terriers in our system. Not yet… I love dog shows, I love the atmosphere and the rivalry and the adrenaline that comes with it. But I love my dogs much more than any trophies and titles and I would never do anything to hurt them. But I also have nothing against using some extra tricks in the ring that will help my dogs look their best – either by using styling products, gently correcting their position or giving discreet impulses with the leash when I want my dog to change the speed of movement.
During the years I’ve already learned to minimize the use of hair products (yet remember – I have Sealyhams!), but I wouldn’t like the freedom of choosing a way of showing my dog be taken away from me. If that comes to being, I wonder what would be next… would dogs be still allowed at dog s
Sarah Sweatt Bushaway Sealyhams since 1978 Sarah Sweatt (Sally) has been around animals all of her life. Born in the Minneapolis area, she grew up with dogs and horses and through the years and her experience and education, she has acquired an eye for beauty, whether it be a well-put-together dog or a beautiful work of art. Terriergroup appreciated the time she spent with us.
TG: Did you grow up with dogs and if so, what breed? SW: I grew up with five Golden Retrievers which my parents purchased from local breeders. Although most were bred for hunting, we did not hunt them but enjoyed them as family pets.
TG: When did you attend your first dog show and how did that come about? SW: I entered my first show at the Minneapolis Kennel Club’s show in the 1970s with one of the Goldens. Bob Waters was judging and he gave me a ribbon. Like so many others, when I walked out of the ring I thought, “This is fun and I will do it again!”
CH Snowden Sneak Preview and Lanny Hirstein 34
When I lived in Washington DC I had a Springer Spaniel, but eventually my interest turned to the Wire-haired Dachshunds. I went to the well-known handler of Dachshunds, Bobby Fowler, and purchased my first Dachshunds. I eventually hired handler Hannelore Heller who was a well- known mid-Western handler in the breed. I was active in Dachshunds for about ten years and then I became interest in the Sealyham terriers.
TG: Tell us about how your interest in the Sealyham Terriers and how that came about. When did you first become familiar with the breed and when and where did you locate your first Sealy? SW: My parents had had several Sealyhams early in their marriage (one for each for my two brothers) and they told me what fun and loving dogs they were. I talked to Anne Boucher, a local Skye Terrier breeder, and asked her about the breed and breeders, and Anne directed me to several individuals. I purchased my first Sealy in 1978 from
CH Topstage Raffles and Lanny Hirstein
Steve Evans of Snowdon Kennels. Later, I purchased another Sealy from Steve, Snowdon Sneak Preview, who was called Bugsy. I wanted Bugsy to be handled by a terrier handler so I went t o Lanny Hirstein. Lanny and his wife Penny were well-known in the Miniature Schnauzer world, having bred and shown many outstanding Schnauzers. Lanny showed Bugsy to his American and Bermudan Championships, and then took him to the Westminster show in 1983 where he won the terrier group…an exciting day for all of us! Along the way I purchased a Sealy from the Scottish Terrier breeders in England, John and Muriel Owen of Gaelyn kennels, and in 1985 I imported the English champion Topstage Raffles. In England he had won eight challenge certificates and in the U. S. he ired six champions. In 1998 Ch. Glenwell Bushaway Banknote was whelped and won multiple Bests in Show.
TG: Somewhere along the way, you became interested in the French Bulldog, back when the Frenchie was little known in America. Tell us about your time in Frenchies SW: I met Frenchie breeder Colette Secher at a dog show in Minneapolis where Jane Flowers was showing one of her dogs. This was at a time when the Frenchie was very rare and was not seen very often either on the street or at dog shows. I was attracted to the breed
and decided to go on as co-owner with Colette with Ch. LeFox Goodtime Steele Magnolia. Maggy was actively campaigned from 1991 to 1994 and won fifty group firsts and six all-breed bests in show. She was best of breed at Westminster three times, the last at the age of eight.
TG: You also became part owner of a Scottish Deerhound which won best in show at Westminster in 2011. What attracted you to this dog? SW: I was attracted to the Deerhound as I thought it was an extremely handsome animal and a great representation of the breed. Ernesto Lara, who had shown some of my dogs at one time, suggested that I talk to Angela Lloyd, the handler of the deerhound. I became co-owner of Ch. Foxcliffe Hickory Wind and it was a thrill when she went Best in Show at Westminster.
TG: Through it all, your heart has always remained with the Sealys – why? SW: The Sealyham is a wonderful breed! I have loved them since the time I purchased my first. I’ve had many litters and have done my best to produce good looking and healthy dogs that meet the standard.
TG: Are you concerned that the Sealy in both the county of it origin and in America is basically on the endangered list of breeds at this time? SW: Yes, this is a problem for many of the terrier breeds and everyone will have to strive to increase the gene pool for each breed as well as working to keep the breeds healthy and free from problems. I have done my best to breed healthy dogs that are bred to the standard and I am well aware that the breed is struggling like many terriers breeds are. At this point I am no longer actively breeding, but I know that our national club is doing its best, along with other terrier breeds, where their numbers are endangered, to keep the breed viable. Thanks, Sally, for spending this time with us and for sharing some of your memories.
CH Bushaway Bodaciaus and Peter Green
CH Geinwell Banknote and Ernesto Lara CH Bushaway Bilbo Baggins and Geoff Dawson
CH Bushaway Bib-N-Tucker and Sally Sweatt 36
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A Look at Books
ANNIE ON…DOGS! By Anne Rogers Clark, Dogs in Review, Santa Barbara, CA, 2002
A wonderful book of articles written by Anne Rogers Clark for the now-nolonger in production, but my favorite dog magazine, Dogs in Review. Early in the publication of the magazine, editor Bo Bengtson asked Mrs. Rogers if she would be interested in writing a monthly column on…Dogs! She agreed and over the years she wrote a this column covering all kinds of subjects, until her death at the age of 77 in 2006. Ten to twelve years in the dog world can be a lifetime for some, and perhaps a little background on Mrs. Clark will be helpful to those new to the doggy world. Mrs. Clark started her interest in dogs at a very young age when her mother owned a successful dog department in the Abercrombie Fitch store in New York City. Out of this grew a very successful grooming service in Manhattan where Anne went to work while in high school. From there, Anne moved on to become a professional handler at the young age of twenty-one. She became an exceptional winning handler and all along the way she immersed herself in the dog… its structure, standard and personality.
Mrs. Clark was an individual that one didn’t forget. She was tall, 6’2”, stood straight and was very imposing. She had a formidable knowledge about the dog, and she was always ready to share her knowledge with others. When you showed under her you knew that she “knew her stuff ” and you worked hard for a win and felt when you got that win, you had earned it. Her achievements are considerable and it is doubtful if anyone, let alone a woman, will achieve them again. She attended the Westminster Kennel Club show (considered her home show since she lived for years in Manhattan) for six decades. She was the first woman professional handler to win best in show at Westminster, and won two more shows after that. She judged 22 times at the
show and in 2002 was the breeder of the dog that won best in show. She was awarded the Morris Lifetime Achievement award in 1995, she is in the Ken-L-Ration Hall of Fame, and she is a three time winner of the Kennel Review Judge of the Year and Woman of the Year awards. In addition, she won an award for her “Annie On” columns that are presented in this book.
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She wrote her first column in February 1997 (“Judging”) and her last column in December 2002 “Memories”) fifty-eight columns later. Her topics are on a remarkable number of subjects and only one as well rounded as Mrs. Clark could have done this and it will be a long time before another individual will achieve what she achieved. Available in soft bound – about $14.95 and hard bound at $25 and up.
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TerrierGroup Publication Volume 4 Number 2 Spring 2019 Editor Muriel Lee • Editor email@example.com Designer/Illustrator Melanie Feldges firstname.lastname@example.org Special Contributors Dr. Barbara Gibson Ph,D Olga Forlicz Kris Kibbee Muriel Lee Jo Ann Frier-Murza Dr. Theresa Nesbitt MD email@example.com
Jo Ann Frier-Murza
Tests for the Hunting Terrier Annually in the United States since 1971, American earthdog tests have been the joy of hundreds of terrier owners and their dogs. This was enhanced in 1994 when the American Kennel Club added advanced testing to the original basics. The Americans are latecomers though as underground trials for hunting terriers have a very long history, and trial formats have changed in different ways since the first trials of nearly 150 years ago Germany has been the location of earthdog work in artificial tunnels since 1881, making Germany the first to recognize the value of the artificial den. German hunters developed the artificial tunnel system as a method of training Dachshunds to perform successfully against fox and badgers in natural dens and later, terriers joined the group. Under controlled conditions the dogs learned how to negotiate difficult dens and to respect the danger of their quarry. Experience in artificial dens helped them learn how to be safe when they confronted wild quarry in its own den. The testing tunnels have evolved, but today, as a century ago, they are complicated and a good test of a dogâ€™s abilities. A good idea, endorsed by hunters, the artificial training dens spread to most European countries and are now used by breeders evaluating their breeding stock, as well as by hunters seeking to choose the best hunting dogs and keep them safe. Ukraine Certificate 40
Field Test Certificatre
These varied European tests have been developed to simulate the hunting conditions which exist today. They create requirements which are designed to evaluate important characteristics for a working earthdog under regional conditions. Working tests for earth dogs are highly valued and very popular for the functional breeds. Early trials encouraged full contact with quarry as an educational experience for the working dog. However, even with contact, quarry animals were not intentionally injured. They were maintained, from event to event, in elaborate enclosures with very good care, and some were even kept as tame pets. In recent years, many countries have adopted rules which discourage or prevent contact between quarry and terrier, and to further limit possible stress to the animals; foxes and badgers continue to be maintained under high standards.
Tests for the Hunting Terrier
The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) based in Belgium, supervises its member countriesâ€™ kennel clubs in relationship to international championship titles. When a breed has been declared a functional working breed by a member countryâ€™s authorized kennel club or breed club, then dogs of that breed must complete a working title as part of the qualification for an international conformation championship. International working championships are available for Dachshunds and certain other breeds of working terriers. Dogs can also attain dual championships by qualifying under conformation and working criteria at a high level. The FCI records the recommendations of each member country regarding the working status of traditional working breeds. Usually the national breed club makes a determination as to whether the breed should be considered a functional breed or not. If the breed is designated as a working breed, the FCI requires any dog in that country to attain both a bench championship and a working title. Some FCI recognized working terriers are Border Terriers, Cesky Terriers, Fox Terriers, German Jagdterriers, Parson Jack Russell Terriers and Welsh Terriers.
The European methods of training hunting earth dogs and testing their courage and intelligence in an artificial situation are varied and decisive and judges are required to be well experienced in both field and artificial events. The approval to use wild species as quarry changes the tests considerably from the American version. The European events offer a chance to test the terrierâ€™s courage in the face of a dangerous quarry, and measure his ability to respond to changing conditions underground. In a few countries including Australia and Canada, a modified form of the original American Working Terrier Association, or more recent AKC earthdog test rules, have been 42
adopted for trials. These countries do not participate with the FCI. Their events, like American events, offer an opportunity to test for above-ground search and manageability in the field, as well as some of the same below-ground search techniques. As in the Americas, Canada substitutes domestic rats in lieu of natural underground quarry, but Australian trials are not allowed to use any living quarry.
Whatever system a terrier enters, the result is the sameâ€”a satisfied terrier gone back to his roots for a day!
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