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CHANELʼS BRAND STRATEGIES ANALYSIS REPORT

Prepared for: Marn Lim, Klintonn Poh, Circe Henestrosa Prepared by: Teo Jia En 12565 FH3E 4th November 2010 Fashion Management DE1207 Project 2 Lasalle College of the Arts


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Executive Summary 2.0 Company Background and History 2.1 History of Chanel and Information on Chanel S.A. 2.2 Chanel Asia Pacific and Singapore boutiques 3.0 Industry Analysis 3.1 Target Audience 3.2 Market Positioning 3.3 Market Sector 3.4 Competitor Analysis 4.0 Company Analysis 4.1 SWOT: Micro economical analysis 4.2 PEST: Macro economical analysis 4.3 Comparison of Chanel in Europe vs. Singapore 4.4 Product Development and Collection 4.5 Types and Range of Merchandise In-store 4.6 Timeline of Product Development Process 4.7 Prices and Seasons. 5.0 Strategic Analysis & Recommendations 5.1 Recommendations 5.2 Conclusion 6.0 Appendix Appendix A: Chanel High Quality Details Appendix B: Chanel Publicity Campaigns Featuring Global Celebrities Appendix C: Chanel Famous Collection Appendix D: Chanel Range of Merchandise Appendix E: Chanel Reissue 2.55 And Exclusive Bags   7.0 References 7.1 Book Sources 7.2 Journal & Analyst Sources 7.3 Web Sources 7.4 Image Sources 8.0 Endnotes

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

1.0 Executive Summary As global economy is recovering, the number of wealthy Asians willing to spend on luxury goods is also increasing. In a technology world today, both young and old rely on the Internet and increasingly, smart phones for entertainment and information on the go. Chanel is an established luxury fashion and beauty company in France, founded by the stylish Coco Chanel, famous for revolutionizing womenʼs fashion and introducing timeless elegance and style. Apart from a long history, Chanelʼs strength also lies in cult designer Karl Lagerfeld who never fails to interest consumers and a management team that if highly effective in preserving and promoting the brand image and attuned to consumerʼs needs and market trends. Chanel will no doubt retain her powerful market positioning by continuing the excellent job she is doing. To expand her market share, she can increase emphasis on new media marketing and consider e-commerce, something that competitors are already venturing into. This paper seeks to analysis Chanelʼs performance, particularly in the Asian context and provides recommendations for what can be improved to further expand Chanelʼs global power.

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

2.0 Company Background and History 2.1 History of Chanel and Information on Chanel S.A.S. Chanel is a Parisian fashion house founded by Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, recognized as one of the most established in haute couture, specializing in luxury goods. Chanel has always specialized in items such as simple suits, dresses, women's pants, and costume jewelry. Coco Chanel's designs and creations are timeless, considering the basic silhouettes have remained consistent from generation to generation.1 According to Forbes, the privately held House of Chanel is jointly owned by Alain Wertheimer and Gerard Wertheimer. They are the grandsons of the early Chanel partner Pierre Wertheimer.2

Chanel S.A.S. designs, manufactures, and retails fashion and beauty products, and other accessories. Chanel S.A.S. was founded in 1909 and is headquartered in Neuilly sur Seine, France with over 200 boutiques worldwide.3

2.2 Chanel Asia Pacific and Singapore boutiques Information on Chanel Asia Pacific is very limited as Chanel, owned by the publicity-shy Wertheimer brothers, keeps a low profile.4

Vincent Shaw, President of Chanel Asia Pacific Pte Ltd is responsible for the companyʼs activities in Korea, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, 4


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Malaysia, Thailand and Australia.5

There are 2 Chanel Boutiques in Singapore. The first at Ngee Ann City was opened in March 20096 and the second 6500 sq ft duplex store at Marina Bay Sands opened in September 2010.7

3.0 Industry Analysis 3.1 Target Audience Chanel customers are women who want to identify what Chanel represents which is; elegance, simplicity, modern, and class. Chanel cosmetics are targeted at a younger consumer but they still retain the “classic” market, which is their forte. Since 2002, with the launch of Chance perfume, Chanel is targeting women between the age 18 – 39.8

3.2 Market Positioning Chanel has a strong market positioning within the luxury fashion goods sector. Drawing on an audit by Swiss and Cayman Islands tax services, financial experts estimate that Chanel has approximately one-third share of Franceʼs fashion and luxury goods sector in 2008, with a $10.3 billion estimate value of the sectorʼs $35 billion.9

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Figure 1: Chanelʼs market share of Franceʼs luxury goods sector in 2008.

Sales

Competitors Chanel  

3.3 Market Sector Chanel is enjoying an established presence in the designer and haute couture sector. This is the companyʼs outlook, supported by the high end pricing of the products

and

a

strong

brand

image

which

consumers

perceive.10

3.4 Competitor Analysis Louis Vuitton, established since 1854, is one of the main divisions of LVMH. The brand produces and retails luggage, handbags, other leather goods, shoes, clothing, jewelry and watches. There are more than 390 shops worldwide.11

Gucci, an Italian company based in Netherlands. The brand produces and retails handbags, other leather goods, shoes, ready-to-wear clothing, cosmetics, skin care, jewelry and watches. There are 425 Gucci stores worldwide.12

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Louis Vuitton and Gucci are strong competitors because like Chanel, they have a very strong brand image conveyed by the easily recognizable logos. They compete keenly with Chanel in terms of sales of handbags and accessories.

However they specialized in leather while Chanel does not.

According to the Brandz valuation 2010, the top three luxury brands - Louis Vuitton, Hermes and Gucci - all enjoyed significant increases in brand equity. But Chanel, at number four, lost 11% of its brand value over the past 12 months.13 Much of Chanelʼs lost brand value can perhaps be explained by the companyʼs reluctance to enter China.14 In terms of cosmetics market, Chanelʼs notable competitors would include LʼOrealʼs Lancome, who hold the largest share in luxury cosmetics,15 Estee Lauder and LVMHʼs Christian Dior.16

4.0 Company Analysis 4.1 SWOT: Micro economical analysis Strength 1. Strong brand image: The story of stylish Coco Chanel, who famously said “fashion passes; style remains", conveys a very strong message of Chanelʼs timeless elegance style.17 2. High-quality: Beauty is in the details. Chanel is famous for her tweed fabric, embroidery, chain and button.18 See Appendix A. 3.Cult Designer Karl Lagerfeld: Always reinventing Chanel, he is known to have changed nothing yet everything about Chanel.19 Always daring to try

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

something different for each show, keeping the consumerʼs interest in Chanel. 4. Excellent Management: Training for Chanelʼs associates is critical, to differentiate them with their service.20 Consultants are sent to Paris to understand the heritage of the house and gathered for a conference for updates, acknowledgement and training for new products.21 Weakness 1. Website: Does not provide prices.22 Customers will need to make calls or personal trip to store to find out prices. 2. Limited geographic coverage: Chanel boutiques are known to be exclusive and large-scale23 however they are missing out on expanding in many critical places in Asia, like China.24 Opportunities 1. Expanding deeper to the Asian market: There is huge economic growth in Asia, specifically China25 and India. Chanel can consider opening up more flagship stores to meet the increasing demands for luxury goods. 2. Tap on technology: Youths embrace social media and blogs.26 Chanel must consider increasing marketing in this area in order not to be obsolete. Threats 1. Counterfeit goods: A prevalent issue that can be difficult to distinguish and control.27

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

4.2 PEST: Macro economical analysis Political Regulations to reduce piracy: The implementation of strong regulations to reduce piracy rates is particularly crucial in Asia region, with emerging markets with huge potential, but unfortunately with a dampener on sales of bags and accessories as a result of uncontrolled piracy. Economic Increasing purchasing power of the developing world: An increased in income for the consumers lead to more desiring luxury goods28, a positive sign for Chanel. Worldwide economic crisis rebound: Economy is recovering from the crisis,29 a positive outlook in consumer behaviour and hence possible increased sales for Chanel. Social Asians value prestige brand: Asians believe that brands like Chanel increases the value of the one who uses it.30 Chanel may consider producing more products with visible logo placements in Asia. Technology Growth of broadband. The growth of high-speed broadband internet connections had redefined advertising possibilities. Emergence of mobile internet. Brought about by the introduction of smart phones like Iphone, Blackberry that has a massive public appeal.31

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

4.3 Comparison of Chanel in Europe vs. Singapore Chanel originates from France and is a long established brand in Europe, with fashion shows carried out yearly. Well aware of the need to remain relevant in a fast-changing world, Chanel works to continually attract a younger customer base whilst retaining her classic market group.32 This is partly achieved through Karl Lagerfeld, who found a thousand different ways to reinterpret the house's icons and archives and took the double C insignia places it had never been before

33

and strong publicity campaigns featuring global celebrities

such as Nicole Kidman, Keira Knightley and Lily Allen. 34 See Appendix B.

Singapore is known to be a truly innovative, creative retail environment and a very popular tourist destination; Chanel boutiques in Singapore attract a lot of South-east Asians. According to Grail Research in 2008, Singapore is an emerging market for luxury fashion largely due to strong government support for fashion shows, an increasing brand awareness and the establishment of Textile and Fashion Federation (TAFf) of Singapore.35 Chanel only opened her second boutique in Singapore in 2010; there is a lot of growth for Chanel locally. Thus Chanel will benefit to invest more in this island city-state by opening more stores to meet the demand for the South-east Asia region.

4.4 Product Developments and Collections In the hands of Alain Wertheimer, Chanel has undergone a veritable industrial revolution. The quaint and romantic artisanal fabrication has been replaced by state-of-the-art production methods carried out in modern factories in 10


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Compiègne, Pantin and Saint-Chamant. Each operation is controlled down to the minutest detail. With its own plants, Chanel can ensure that no outside manufacturer will omit some small but vital step and jeopardize the quality of the goods. 36

Chanel is famous for The Suit, The Camellia, Jewelry, Fragrance & Beauty and The Black Dress. 37 See Appendix C.

4.5 Types and Range of Merchandise In-store The company feels it must remain a myth to ensure its mystique. Nothing must alter the image of Chanel. Wertheimer has faithfully maintained the opulent image of Chanel despite the trend toward democratizing luxury goods. The company has no plans to launch a second line.38

Chanel offers the classic items in their stores throughout the year whilst introducing new, trendy products with each fashion season. Range of merchandise includes fashion apparels and shoes, accessories, fragrance, make up, skincare, fine jewelry and watches.39 See Appendix D.

4.6 Timeline of Product Development Process For Chanelʼs fashion apparels, its product development process can be tracked to about every 2 months, with 6 collections produced by Karl Lagerfeld each year.

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

4.7 Prices and Seasons Chanel’s product prices reflect the opulent image of Chanel. And because Chanel finds discussion of costs “crude”, high-end prices of products are not reflected on their website and only available upon requests by calls or inshop. A little research reveals a classic (Reissue 2.55) Chanel bag varies between SGD$2301 to SGD $3,199.40 Exclusive and “Ultra Luxe” items like Alligator bag can cost up to $26,000.41 More recently, two Marina Bay Sands boutique in Singapore Chanel exclusive flap with chain and charms costs SGD$6280 and SGD$6980 respectively. See Appendix E.

There are six collections produced by Karl Lagerfeld each year, which are shown in Paris. January: Spring/Summer Haute Couture Collection. March: Autumn/Winter Ready-to-Wear Collection. June: Ready-to-Wear Cruise Collection.

July:

Spring/Summer

Fall/Winter

Ready-to-Wear

Haute

Couture

Collection.

Collection.

December:

High

October: Summer

Collection.

5.0 Strategic Analysis & Recommendations 5.1 Recommendations 1. Invest in the emerging markets, open more stores:

There is an

increase in income for the people living in the emerging markets such as China and India and this leads to more demand for luxury goods. Chanel should leverage on this by opening more stores in these emerging markets.

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

2. Pay more attention to the counterfeit and possible invest in technology to prevent it: Chanel can possibly work with government boards to clamp down on counterfeit goods at cross-border checkpoints.

3. Increase emphasize on new media technology: To remain relevant in a technology-savvy society and particularly to attract younger consumers, Chanel can increase new media marketing and consider going into ecommerce, which many competitors have done.42

5.2 Conclusion Chanel has many strengths that makes it the multi-billion company strongly established within the elusive designer and haute couture market. The strength of an established brand started by Coco Chanel, carried forward by talented and creative Karl Lagerfeld and an amazing marketing and management team that has proved Chanelʼs ability to attract young consumers since late 90ʼs till today. To prepare for an even brighter future ahead, Chanel can consider investing into emerging market by opening more stores abroad and tapping onto new media marketing. Chanelʼs success is truly a result of the houseʼs decision to remain true to Chanel, always desiring to be a style, for “Fashion fades, but style remains”.

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

6.0 Appendix Appendix A: Chanel High Quality Details Figure1: Chain lining the materials to weigh it down.

Figure 2: One of Chanelʼs exquisite button.

Figure 3: Fabric such as Tweed exclusive to Chanel.

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Appendix B: Chanel Publicity Campaigns Featuring Global Celebrities Figure 4: Nicole Kidman for Chanel No5 Eau Premiere 2007 edition

Figure 5: Keira Knightley for Coco Mademoiselle 2009

Figure 6: Lily Allen for Chanel Cocoon Bag Collection 2009

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Appendix C: Chanel Famous Collections Figure 7. The Chanel Suit

Figure 8. The Camellia

Figure 9. Chanel Jewellery

Figure 10. Chanel Fragrance

Figure 11. Chanel models in her own Little Black Dress

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Appendix D: Chanel Range of Merchandise Figure 12: Chanel Fall 2010 Look Figure 13: Chanel Coco feauring Chanel Coat and Chanel Mademoiselle Boots

Figure 14: Chanel Make Up Brushes, Figure 15: Chanel Christmas Collection 2010 Collection 2010.

Skincare,

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Figure 16: Chanel Fine Jewelry, The Figure 17: Chanel Watch, Camelia Collection 2010. Premire Collection 2010.

The

Appendix E: Chanel Reissue 2.55 And Exclusive Bags Figure 18: Chanel 2.55 Reissue with Coco Figure 19: Chanel Bags Chanel original clasp Exclusive to Marina Bay Sands

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

7.0 References 7.1 Book Sources Buxbaum, G., Icons of Fashion, 1999. Prestel. Bott, D., Chanel, Collections and Creations. 2007. Thames & Hudson. Leymarie, J., Chanel, 1987.Rizzoli International Publications, inc. Mouncey, P. & Wimmer, F., 2007 - ‪Market research best practice: 30 visions for the future : a compilation of discussion papers, case studies and methodologies from ESOMAR‬. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 7.2 Journal & Analyst Sources Duttge, W., 2008. Portfoilo.com. Buying Chanel (All of it). [Online] Available at: http://www.portfolio.com/culture-lifestyle/goods/style/2008/05/12/How-MuchIs-Chanel-Worth/#ixzz14DAkadeZ [Accessed 1 November 2010] RetailAsia.com. Study Finds Chanel and BMW GEN Y Preferred Luxury Brands. [Online] Available at: http://www.retailinasia.com/article/sectors/luxury/2010/05/study-finds-chaneland-bmw-gen-ys-preferred-luxury-brands [Accessed 1 November 2010] Vincent, I., 2002. NationalPost.com. What Makes a Chanel Girl. [Online] Available at: http://www.nationalpost.com/search/story.html?f=/stories/20020523/312703.ht ml&qs=Isabel%20Vincent [Accessed 1 November 2010] Kane, C., 2002. New York Times. Perfume Aimed at Young Women, its toughest market. [Online] Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/15/business/media-business-advertisingchanel-makes-big-pitch-for-new-perfume-aimed-young.html [Accessed 1 November 2010] Mongo, C., 1997. ParisVoice.com. The Allure of Chanel. [Online] Available at: http://www.parisvoice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=24 2&Itemid=56 [Accessed 1 November 2010] BusinessWeek.com., 2007. Chanelʼs American in Paris. [Online] Available at: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/07_05/b4019069.htm [Accessed 1 November 2010] TopNews.com., 2009. Singapore sees Chanelʼs Boutique Arrival. [Online] 19  


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Available at: http://topnews.com.sg/content/2163-singapore-see-arrivalchanel-boutique [Accessed 1 November 2010] JoongAngDaily.com., 2007. The Man Every Woman Wants To Meet. [Online] Available at: http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2873865 [Accessed 1 November 2010] Kent, J., 2010. CNN.com. China Models Luxury Brands. [Online] Available at: http://edition.cnn.com/2010/BUSINESS/10/21/china.models.luxury.brands/ind ex.html?section=cnn_latest [Accessed 1 November 2010] Karl Lagerfeld talks to CNN. [Online] Available at: http://www.cnnasiapacific.com/press/en/content/494/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] Bagaholicboy.com. Chanel Classic Flap Exclusive to Marina Bay Sands. [Online] Available at: http://bagaholicboy.com/2010/09/chanel-classic-flapmarina-bay-sands-exclusive/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] Portfolio.com. How Much is Chanel Worth. [Online] http://www.portfolio.com/culture-lifestyle/goods/style/2008/05/12/How-MuchIs-Chanel-Worth/#ixzz14FXA3WBz [Accessed 1 November 2010] UE2008Fr.com. French Industry Figures 2008. [Online] Available at: http://www.eu2008.fr/PFUE/lang/en/accueil/Bienvenue_en_France/economie/i ndustrie.html [Accessed 1 November 2010] Brandt, N., 2009. Adidas, LʼOreal, Luxottica, Unilever: Europe Equity Preview. [Online] Available at: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=ajg6OYFY87ig &refer=uk [Accessed 1 November 2010] Brandz Top 100 Most valuable global brands 2010. [Online] Available at: http://www.millwardbrown.com/libraries/optimor_brandz_files/2010_brandz_to p100_report.sflb.ashx [Accessed 1 November 2010] Ritzon, M., 2010. MarketingWeek.com. Chanelʼs luxury dream is turning to dust. Online] Available at: http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/opinion/chanelsluxury-dream-is-turning-to-dust/3016913.article [Accessed 1 November 2010] Han, J., 2009, The Korea Times. Chanelʼs Day of Disgrace or Power of Market? [Online] Available at: 20  


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2010/08/123_38917.html [Accessed 1 November 2010] CNTV, 2010, Chinaʼs Luxury Market Sees Rapid Growth. [Online] Available at: http://www.just-style.com/comment/chinas-luxurymarket-sees-rapid-growth_id106031.aspx [Accessed 1 November 2010] Patton, D., 2009, JustStyle.com. Chinaʼs Luxury Market Booms [Online] Available at: http://english.cntv.cn/program/bizasia/20100818/101544.shtml [Accessed 1 November 2010] Lobe, J., 2010, IPSNews.com. Developing World Leading Economic Rebound. [Online] Available at: http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=51147 [Accessed 1 November 2010] Clickthrough-Marketing.com, 2010, Mobile Internet Services Marketing Set to Boom [Online] Available at: http://www.clickthrough-marketing.com/mobileinternet-marketing-services-set-to-boom-19677185/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] 7.3 Web Sources Jrank.org: Chanel S.A. Profile. [Online] Available at: http://companies.jrank.org/pages/886/Chanel-Sa.html#ixzz14CjtJOnJ [Accessed 1 November 2010] BusinessWeek.com: Chanel S.A. Profile. [Online] Available at: http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?priv capId=5490782 [Accessed 1 November 2010] Forbes.com: Chanel S.A. Profile. [Online] Available at: http://www.forbes.com/finance/lists/10/2002/LIR.jhtml?passListId=10&passYe ar=2002&passListType=Person&uniqueId=T0ND&datatype=Person [Accessed 1 November 2010] LinkedIn.com: Chanel S.A. Profile. [Online] Available at: http://www.linkedin.com/company/chanel?trk=null [Accessed 1 November 2010] WorldEvent.com. Chanel Case Study. [Online] Available at: http://www.worldevents.com/ourevents/ChanelCaseStudy.shtml [Accessed 1 November 2010]

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Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Chanel.com: FAQ Information on Fashion Seasons [Online] Available at: http://www.chanel.com/en_US/fragrance-beauty/FAQ-28105 [Accessed 1 November 2010] WWD Beauty Report International, 2004. [Online] Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/3027409/Top-100-Cosmetic-Manufacturers [Accessed 1 November 2010] Di Somma, M., AllAboutBranding.com. Brand longevity: No. 5 is alive! [Online] Available at: http://www.allaboutbranding.com/index.lasso?article=421 [Accessed 1 November 2010] 7.4 Image Sources Figure 1: Chanel Chain Lining Material. [Online] Available at: www2.dsu.nodak.edu/users/rbutz/.../PowerPoint/Dior_S1_F08.ppt [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 2: Chanel Exquisite Button. [Online] Available at: www2.dsu.nodak.edu/users/rbutz/.../PowerPoint/Dior_S1_F08.ppt [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 3: Chanel Exclusive Fabric. [Online] Available at: www2.dsu.nodak.edu/users/rbutz/.../PowerPoint/Dior_S1_F08.ppt [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 4: Nicole Kidman for Chanel No5 Eau Premiere 2007 edition. [Online] Available at: http://www.fragrantica.com/news/Nicole-Kidman-and-AnnaMouglalis-New-Advertising-Posters-for-Chanel-545.html [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 5: Keira Knightley for Coco Mademoiselle 2009. [Online] http://www.swingfashionista.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/keira-knightleychanel-ad_25.jpg [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 6: Lily Allen for Chanel Cocoon Bag Collection 2009. [Online] Available at: http://bagwhiz.com/luxury-handbag-reviews/chanel-bags/lily-allen-forchanel-handbags/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 7: The Chanel Suit [Online] Available at: http://shoeblogs.com/wordpress/images/chanel.jpg [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 8: The Camelia [Online] Available at: http://hannesfashionblog.com/226105486_tp.jpg [Accessed 1 November 2010] 22  


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

Figure 9: The Chanel Jewelry. [Online] Available at: http://media.photobucket.com/image/chanel%20jewel/bagcraze/blog%20april/ small_12569_front_zoom.jpg [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 10: Chanel No. 5. [Online] Available at: http://media.onsugar.com/files/2010/04/17/2/456/4565201/73aca72a8ac76ea d_101106_chanel_a.jpg [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 11: The Little Black Dress. [Online] Available at: http://media.onsugar.com/files/2010/06/25/2/848/8488268/8cdd4004c13ed92 4_coco_chanel.jpg [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 12: Chanel Fall 2010 Look. [Online] Available at: http://www.chanel.com/fashion/11#11-fall-winter-2010-11-chanelcollection-21,63 [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 13: Chanel Coco Mademoiselle Frangrance. [Online] Available at: http://www.chanel.com/en_SG/fragrance-beauty/FragranceCoco-Mademoiselle-117870 [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 14: Chanel Make Up Brushes Set, Christmas Collection 2010. [Online] Available at: http://www.chanel.com/en_SG/fragrance-beauty/MakeupComplexion-brushes-LES-MINIS-DE-CHANEL-118378 [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 15: Chanel Skincare Collection 2010. [Online] http://www.chanel.com/en_SG/fragrance-beauty/Skincare-108455 [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 16: Chanel The Camelia Collection, 2010. [Online] http://www.chanel.com/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 17: Chanel The Premire Watch Collection, 2010. [Online] http://www.chanel.com/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 18: Chanel Reissue 2.55 bag. [Online] http://www.handbags-purses-guide.com/chanel-255-handbag-reissue/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] Figure 19: Chanel Exclusive Bags to Marina Bay Sands [Online] Available at: http://bagaholicboy.com/2010/09/chanel-classic-flap-marina-bay-sandsexclusive/ [Accessed 1 November 2010] 23  


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

8.0 Endnotes                                                                                                                 1

th

Coco Chanel – Gerda Buxbaum, Icons of Fashion The 20 Century, 1999

2

Chanel S.A. Profile - http://companies.jrank.org/pages/886/ChanelSa.html#ixzz14CjtJOnJ 3

Chanel S.A Profile - http://www.linkedin.com/company/chanel?trk=null

4

What Makes a Chanel Girl http://www.nationalpost.com/search/story.html?f=/stories/20020523/312703.html&qs=Isabel% 20Vincent 5

The Man Every Woman Wants To Meet http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2873865 6

Chanel Opens Flagship Store in Singapore - http://www.plushasia.com/article/2463

7

Chanel Asia Pacific Profile http://www.rednano.sg/sfe/dir.action?querystring=ORCHARD&uuid=1608030437&collection= businessweb 8

Perfume aimed at youngest women, its toughest market http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/15/business/media-business-advertising-chanel-makes-bigpitch-for-new-perfume-aimed-young.html 9

The Allure of Chanel http://www.parisvoice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=242&Itemid=56 10

Chanel and BMW Gen Y's preferred luxury brands, study finds - http://www.retailinasia.com/article/sectors/luxury/2010/05/study-finds-chanel-and-bmw-genys-preferred-luxury-brands 11

LVMH Information and Designer History - http://www.yournewfragrance.com/LoeweLVMH-Louis-Vuitton-Mo-t-Hennessy-s/2444.htm 12

Gucci Information and Designer History - http://www.yournewfragrance.com/Guccis/2052.htm 13

Brandz Top 100 Most valuable global brands 2010. 2010.http://www.millwardbrown.com/libraries/optimor_brandz_files/2010_brandz_top100_rep ort.sflb.ashx 14

Chanelʼs luxury dream is turning to dust - http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/opinion/chanelsluxury-dream-is-turning-to-dust/3016913.article 15

Adidas, LʼOreal, Luxottica, Unilever: Europe Equity Preview http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=ajg6OYFY87ig&refer=uk 16

WWD Beauty Report International, 2004 - http://www.scribd.com/doc/3027409/Top-100Cosmetic-Manufacturers 17

Brand longevity: No. 5 is alive! - http://www.allaboutbranding.com/index.lasso?article=421 24


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

                                                                                                                18

Botte, D.,2007. Chanel, Collections and Creations

19

Chanel FAQ on Karl Lagerfeld - http://www.chanel.com/en_US/fragrance-beauty/FAQ28105 20

The Man Every Woman Wants To Meet http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2873865 21

Chanel Case Study: WorldEvent.com http://www.worldevents.com/ourevents/ChanelCaseStudy.shtml 22

Chanelʼs Website - http://www.chanel.com/

23

Chanelʼs Day of Disgrace or Power of Market? http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2010/08/123_38917.html 24

Chanelʼs luxury dream is turning to dust - http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/opinion/chanelsluxury-dream-is-turning-to-dust/3016913.article 25

Chinaʼs Luxury Market Sees Rapid Growth - http://www.just-style.com/comment/chinasluxury-market-sees-rapid-growth_id106031.aspx 26

Chanel and BMW Gen Y's preferred luxury brands, study finds - http://www.retailinasia.com/article/sectors/luxury/2010/05/study-finds-chanel-and-bmw-genys-preferred-luxury-brands 27

Fake Luxury Items Targeted In New York City Crackdown http://www.brandchannel.com/home/post/2009/12/10/Fake-Luxury-Items-Targeted-In-NewYork-City-Crackdown.aspx#continue 28

Chinaʼs Luxury Market Booms http://english.cntv.cn/program/bizasia/20100818/101544.shtml 29

Developing World Leading Economic Rebound http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=51147 30

Prestige Brands - ‪Market research best practice: 30 visions for the future : a compilation of discussion papers, case studies and methodologies from ESOMAR‬ 31

Mobile Internet Services Marketing Set to Boom - http://www.clickthroughmarketing.com/mobile-internet-marketing-services-set-to-boom-19677185/ 32

Perfume aimed at youngest women, its toughest market http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/15/business/media-business-advertising-chanel-makes-bigpitch-for-new-perfume-aimed-young.html 33

The Allure of Chanel http://www.parisvoice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=242&Itemid=56 34

Keira Knightley dressed in Chanel. http://chanel-news.chanel.com/en/

35

Global Fashion Industry Growth in Emerging Markets http://www.grailresearch.com/pdf/ContenPodsPdf/Global_Fashion_Industry_Growth_in_Emer ging_Markets.pdf 25


Chanelʼs Brand Strategies Analysis Report | By Teo Jia En November 4, 2010

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The Allure of Chanel http://www.parisvoice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=242&Itemid=56 37

Chanel, Collections and Creations. 2007. Daniele Bott. Thames and Hudson. USA.

38

The Allure of Chanel http://www.parisvoice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=242&Itemid=56 39

Chanelʼs Website - http://www.chanel.com/

40

Chanel Classic Flap Bag Vs. Reissue 2.55. http://www.purseblog.com/chanel-bags/chanelclassic-flap-bag-vs-reissue-255.html 41

Bloomsberg Chanelʼs American in Paris http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/07_05/b4019069.htm 42

Coach, Gucci, Burberry have lion share of website visits. - http://redluxury.com/2010/10/27/coach-gucci-juicy-burberry-have-lion-share-of-luxury-web-visits/

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Chanel Brand Strategies Analysis  

Fashion Year 1 Management Report

Chanel Brand Strategies Analysis  

Fashion Year 1 Management Report

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