THE ECLECTIC M A G ... AZINE ISSUE 1 | DECEMBER 2019
Credits. Editor in Chief Carlos Muñoz Deputy Editors Cesar Fonseca & Jessica Alfonso Senior Editor Carolina Cruz & José Luis Huertas Executive Art Director Carlos Muñoz Marketing group Juan Garzon & Dayana González Activity group Evelyn Merchán & Camilo Varela Contributors Evelyn Merchán, José Luis Huertas, Juan Garzon, Carolina Cruz, Camilo Varela, Carlos Muñoz, Cesar Fonseca Designers Cesar Fonseca & Jessica Alfonso
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The Eclectic Magazine ...
CONTENTS 4 BEIJING 6 TATACOA DESERT 8 BEAUTY CENTERS TODAY
10 THE VEGETABLE MILKS, AN OPTION FOR LIFE
12 DRUGS AND THE PHYSICAL AND PERSONAL CHANGES
14 DISADVANTAGES OF TECHNOLOGY 16 ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE
18 THE GROWTH OF THE MINING INDUSTRY IN COLOMBIA AND ITS NEGATIVE EFFECTS.
20 THE COLOMBIAN PEACE PROCESS: A BIG PROMISE AND BIG CHALLENGES
TOURISM & TRAVEL
BY JUAN GARZÓN
Do you want to live an unforgettable experience when visiting a city? The cities many years ago did not care about tourism, there was no investment in this sector, the cities had nothing attractive to visit and all the cities were common. In recent years, cities have been concerned with tourism, have looked for ways to show themselves to the world and a good example is Beijing, which took advantage of its history, its unusual climate and created something new, such as tourist sites, its food for show to the tourist world and has managed to attract the attention of tourists. Cities in China have gone from war to tourist sites and an example of this is Beijing, this city was built in the 5th century. The Chinese wall was built to protect the northern part of the Chinese Empire from attacks by nomads, this construction went from be(ing) (suggestion without ING) a construction to protect the city to become an emblematic place and be considered the 4 wonder of the world, another good example is the history of Beijing that was marked by its empires, this model of government has been very Unusual in other cities, This has favored Beijing to create tourism throughout its history because some tourists are interested in knowing this unusual model of government. It can be concluded that Beijing is taking advantage of its history of the construction of the Chinese wall and its museums that show the models of governance that were previously used to show the world and generate tourism. It is managing to attract the attention of tourists every day and
attractions are also taken into account to generate interesting tourism.
Tourism in Beijing is growing and tourists are motivated to visit Beijing. Beijing is the second largest city in China, has 21 million inhabitants and as in all cities there are typical dishes, the two most famous typical dishes of Beijing are the Peking duck and sautéed liver, the Peking duck has ingredients such as the duck, onion, cucumber and pepper is an exquisite dish that if you come to Beijing it is mandatory to try it, the other good option is the sautéed liver that this dish has as ingredients liver, carrot, onion, vinegar and oils, this is a healthy dish . If you want to try a delicious and healthy dish you should try this dish. Things are changing but the typical dishes do not change because these dishes represent history and traditions that cannot be changed.
TOURISM & TRAVEL
This city Beijing has changed throughout its history in tourist matters, in previous decades this sector was not important for any country or city there were other ways to generate money and maintain the economy of a city either in the commercial sector among others, but At the moment the tourist sector is important and has had a good growth and has had investment an example of this is the restoration of the Chinese wall, the creation of museums and the forbidden city. This shows the development that this city has had in its sector its history of empires and also the delicious typical dishes that delight its visitors and this is also confirmed by the statistics of the Chinese tourism office that says that on October 1, 2014 Beijing was visited by 8 million people who mostly visited the Chinese wall, this is a large figure that demonstrates the growth of the city in tourism.
Peking Duck At present, Beijing has shown that it has had great
SautĂŠed liver To go deep
changes and also that it has had an exponential development, and these changes have made Beijing one of the 10 most tourist and interesting cities in the world. This is possible thanks to the contribution of the government in this sector and the people of
the city that through them has shown that Beijing can be a great tourist place and can also make the people who visit this city have an unforgettable experience.
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TATACOA DESERT BY JESSICA ALFONSO
Colombia is a beautiful country with a great diversity of
Inside the Tatacoa Desert you can do a lot of
flora and fauna like fantastic landscapes, amazing beaches
activities like: Firs to visit The Astronomical observatory
and deserts but it only has four deserts, each one is located
of Tatacoa, this plan is the most important and you can’t
in a different place and they have different features. One
miss it because in the observatory
them is The Tatacoa Desert or called The Valley of Sadness
constellations and also, you will learn about astronomy
too, the second biggest one and it is located a few hours
and Greek mythology. Second in the day you have to
from Neiva, its weather is pleasant and you can be able to
walk around Kuzco and the Pitches, the desert is divided
do different activities also you will find a lot of hotels with
in two areas and this is its feature; Kuzco is renowned for
reasonable prices.Do you like to travel? Know new places? If
it striking red color and Pitches has a gray color also you
you answer is “Yes” you have to know this place because it is
can visit the Valley of wishes, this place is special
incredible also very recommended for different tourists.
because people do a pyramid with rocks and each one is
you can see 88
a wish. Other activities for to do are: to go to Before starting this trip is necessary that you know about the location and weather of this place. First you must arrive
Paleontological Museum of Villavieja,
Handcrafted Museum and to try typical food.
to Neiva and then you will take a bus to Villavieja in the station bus, this trip lasts for about 2 hours then, you will take a minivan or motorcycle for 15 minutes and tickets have a cost around 8.000 – 15.000 Colombian pesos. The climate is warm. At noon it can reach up to 43 degrees but during the night the temperature falls to 18 degrees. An important datum is: The Tatacoa desert is not a desert but it is a tropycal dry forest. It doesn’t have a lot of animals or plants; however, many years ago it was a garden and it had a lot of plants and Tatacoa Desert was named by the conquistador Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada.
TheAstronomical observatory of Tatacoa
TOURISM & TRAVEL
Choosing a good hotel is very important and the
In conclusion Tatacoa Desert is a magic place, a different
Tatacoa desert has different options, it depends on your
tourist destination that you will love. For me, every trip that
budget and the experience you would like to live. There is
I have done has been fascinating because in every place
a beautiful hotel and its name is Bethel Bioluxury Hotel
there is something new to learn, explore or try so each trip
and one nigth costs around
350.000 – 660.000
is an adventure, a one more important story for my life. I will
Colombian pesos, it is very expensive but it has a lot
always want more trips. When I was there I enjoyed walking
services, if you can pay it, don't think it and do it! But if you
in each ones its areas, watching its different colors and
have a limited budget: don't worry there are a lot of
forms and last but no least, do not forget to take your
cheaper options as reasonable prices like 50.0000 or
150.000 Colombian pesos.
BEAUTY CENTERS TODAY BY EVELYN MERCHAN
Taking the time to disconnect from the routine is
The most common services include hair removal,
a plan that, more than a privilege, it has become a
manicure, pedicure, facials and coupleâ€™s spa. On
necessity. Fortunately, thanks to the increasingly
certain occasions, minor modifications are made to
accessible rates, more people can undergo these
relaxation treatments and beyond the aesthetic
tightening, even small surgeries that do not require
level, these spaces are an excellent ally to combat
hospitalization but , if you look for something
stress and physicals problems.
different you can also find unique and innovative
services, for example; Beer baths, massages with The concern for well-being and appearance is
non-venomous snakes that move to relieve the stress
not new; it has been present since the oldest
of daily routine, or you can find a treatment with live
civilizations. If we remember Egypt, there, men and
snails that walk freely on your face to exfoliate and
women especially painted their eyes, and they care a
soften the skin.
lot about their personal appearance. Many years later, in ancient Greece, people began offering
There is always an appropriate treatment for each
different services in personal appearance in a place
person, it all depends on the money you must invest
for it, and beauty salons took an important role in
and the time available to perform. It is important
that before trying it, remember to have safety precautions that allow you to get the best relaxation
Today, business beauty continues to evolve at a
and health experiences. If necessary, consult your
time when looking after appearance seems to be one
doctor and look only for places certified by the
of society's top priorities. It has expanded its niche
women, but now a large part of the clients are men and even pets. In addition, they are innovative and have expanded their offer to meet the needs of the client of this new generation, which in response to the
compares prices and searches for offers on the Internet.
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TAKING THE TIME TO DISCONNECT FROM THE ROUTINE IS A PLAN THAT, MORE THAN A PRIVILEGE, IT HAS BECOME A NECESSITY.
THE VEGETABLE MILKS, AN OPTION FOR LIFE BY JOSE HUERTAS
animal milk, and it has healthy fats (mono and polyunsaturated), which favor cardiovascular function and it is also ideal for people with irritable bowel, constipation, slow digestions. The preparation of milks at home dates back to very old cultures it that use the extraction of juice from grains, seeds and fruits by pressing the seed. It was an easy and accessible way to take advantage Such as in ancient China, they used the first mill found to make soy milk. People can also be making the milk with different ingredients creating their own combinations taking into account the density or thickness to cook or as a drink,
The vegetable milk can become a healthy and
sweeten them naturally. You can also choose a lot of
balanced drink replacing traditional animal milk. It is
cereals and seeds with which to make them, and even
made from certain varieties of nuts or dried seeds,
combine them with each other to get new flavors.
extracting the base product in ionized and alkaline water, with natural ingredients added as salt to allow preservation and flavor to get the final drink. In Colombia The vegetable milk is produced by Alpina, Seda, Alqueria that have become for people to buy the option in supermarkets, o another option is prepare in your home. The milks has been considered a great option for people who are lactose intolerant or alterations with cholesterol, although most of the time it is consumed by vegetarian people. The milk has a lot of benefits and properties for the human body is nutritious, can be homemade and is always fresh.
Vegetable milk is very nutritious and an excellent
The preparation of milks at home dates back to very
option to replace sugary drinks. Some of its properties?
old cultures it that use the extraction of juice from grains,
The vegetable milk do not contain cholesterol or
seeds and fruits by pressing the seed. It was an easy and
lactose and easily digestible. Almond milk has a low
accessible way to take advantage Such as in ancient
caloric, vitamins D, A, B2 and Vitamin E. Contains
China, they used the first mill found to make soy milk.
minerals zinc, magnesium and potassium, astringent
People can also be making the milk with different
and gluten free and; Cashew milk has large amounts of
ingredients creating their own combinations taking into
vitamin C, It is rich in fiber, protein and various fatty
account the density or thickness to cook or as a drink,
acids ideal for lowering cholesterol. Among some of the
sweeten them naturally. You can also choose a lot of
properties we can find vitamins B1 and B2, vitamin E,
cereals and seeds with which to make them, and even
calcium and magnesium Low in calories because it has
combine them with each other to get new flavors.
less fat than TEM
The milks become a fresh drink when it is kept refrigerated (not frozen) while retaining its natural characteristics such as smell, taste and texture. The vegetable milk is made to prepare different dishes and accompanying breakfasts, such as bowls with fruits, juices, main meals in soups or obtaining different and healthy dishes for the family. The life time is about 3 to 4 days when they are prepared at home. Vegetable milk has become a healthier alternative to animal milk. There are many nutritious benefits and cad replace sugary drinks. Furthermore, vegetable milk can also be made conveniently at home to keep its freshness if desired. I expect an increase to the popularity of vegetable milk in the years to come. One of the best examples in Colombia that leads the manufacture of vegetable milks is Thea Gaea a project that was formed in BogotĂĄ 4 years ago using cashew seeds brought by Vichada They also use Almonds that are imported by Chile. To go deep https://www.theagaea.com/productos https://www.losandes.com.ar/article/view?slug=lechesvegetales-opcion-ideal-por-sus-propiedades-y-nutrientes https://www.conasi.eu/blog/productos/vegan-star-maquinabebidas-leches-vegetales-soja-cereales-de-frutossecos/leches-vegetales-caseras-frescas-y-vivas/
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24 December 2019
DRUGS AND THE PHYSICAL AND PERSONAL CHANGES BY DAYANA GONZÁLEZ
The harmful consequences of drug consumption and addiction affect people of all ages. Hallucinogens are a diverse group of drugs that alter a person's awareness of their environment and also their own thoughts and feelings. Children and young people begin soon in the consumption of psychoactive substances because they have facility to buy them. We can also observe that the majority of people who arrive at use drugs are due to family or social problems. Many babies are born with drug problems because their mothers used the hallucinogens during the time of pregnancy. With the consumption of drugs people can observe not only physical but also personal changes.
"With the consumption of drugs people can observe not only physical but also personal changes" Among the problems that a person who uses drugs has we can observe the physical changes. They may have mouth sores, gum disease and tooth decay from smoking drugs. Risk of respiratory diseases such as pneumonia. Side effects of some drugs include chest and lung pain or respiratory depression. In addition, the use of drugs such as tobacco or cocaine can cause serious health problems. For example, chronic bronchitis, lung cancer among many other. In many cases
hospitalization of the patient, coma and the death. Also alterations in the skin such as red pimples can also be observed in the body which are increased day by day by the consumption of these hallucinogens. As a result of signs the consumption of drugs we can observe in this persons spots on the skin, large pupils, red eyes, spots on the skin. Therefore, over time their physical appearance is getting worse every day.
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Maybe be Personal changes are the most remarkable in
nowadays. It is observed in all ages and in all social
people who use drugs because of the different
groups but the abuse of drugs greatly damages the
behaviors they have day by day. They lie frequently,
economy and health of addicts, inducing them to
cover one lie with another. They use some kind of
commit crime for the need to obtain the substance
physical or verbal violence. On the other hand, they
to which they are addicted, whether stealing or
behave with secrets; for example, they leave home
selling the drug or inciting others who have not tried
without being seen, or make excuses about where
it. Drug abuse can only provide a "temporary escape"
theyâ€™re going or where they has been. Also they lock
from the world. The risks are great and the results
themselves in their rooms for long periods of time,
can be fatal. It is up to us to continue the fight
something. They didn't usually do before. At the
against drugs to avoid unfortunate events. From all
same time, manipulate the parents, making them
of the above, it remains clear the importance of
face each other. In general they will modify behavior.
They will discuss with the relatives about the rules of
communication, and in this way prevent external
coexistence established in the family. they will be
increasingly reserved with own things. That is to say
relatives inappropriately. Good advice, a word well
they will be less related to the family, losing
spoken, and support can make a difference in this
communication channels. They will have sudden
mood swings, pleasant and aggressive.
physical and personal changes that have a person
who consumed drugs. Thereâ€™s not particular place where drugs were born, many countries have different information from were it
phenomenon that has manifested itself intensely
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Disadvantages of Technology BY CAROLINA CRUZ
With the emergence of technology, important personal,
evident that in countries like the United States,
improved, thanks to different and new forms of
information from social networks is manipulated to
change people's beliefs. With the use of special
country says that "Technology has negative effects
programs and devices they manage to get secret
on an individual, social and political level. 27% of
information from almost any site, to use it against
Likewise, from the political-social sphere, it is
respond immediately to messages or alerts from
personalities cannot get away from social networks
their social networks. The figures among teenagers
like Twitter, because they always have the need to
are 50% and 72%, respectively. In addition, about
75% of parents say they argue with their children
generating violence and division.
about the use of mobile phones" In According to the above, it is noteworthy how each
communications have helped in different aspects,
person shows signs of addiction from the first
contact with technology. In the personal field, from
problems that result in insecurity, manipulation and
the smallest of the house to the largest, you need to
loss of privacy. If people want to use this technology,
have a team to play, chat, listen to music or watch
they must be responsible and aware. People must
videos. With the use of social networks, people are
learn to separate technology from their personal life
not careful with the handling they give to their
and interact more. Separate work technology and
against the person himself, since criminals are given
the means to steal, kidnap or kill.
From the workplace, social networks allow the search for employment, but it does not provide the security and certainty that the contractors are not criminals.
networks to find out about the personality, and religious and political ideologies of people, to define whether, they hire the applicant. Another negative aspect is the excessive use of cell phones, this causes low production, error in what has been produced and possible economic losses for companies.
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ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE BY CESAR FONSECA Human and technological development requires knowledge of other languages.Â The mastery of a foreign language such as English allows people to acquire skills, and competencies to be the ideal candidates to reach a better quality of life. There are many factors that have made English the essential language for this century's communication. With this knowledge, it will be easier to carry out cultural exchanges, get scholarships or subsidies for higher education, and obtain a better job. This could improve your life in all aspects. Knowing English offers advantages to meet new cultures, and people. Currently, 400 million people speak English, which has made it over time the official language in 70 countries, and the third native language of the world. Learning a new language not only requires knowing grammatical
vocabulary, but also learning related topics about the countries where they speak it. When people are interested in knowing other places where English is their official or native language, they should investigate their customs, traditions, socio-economic environment, lifestyle, and culture. If you want to know new countries, set up relationships in a personal or virtual way, you should have a good command of the language.
Knowing English will open your mind to an unimaginable academic world. The technological boom of the moment demands and makes it necessary to have knowledge of English as a second language.
teaching of English into their educational programs as a
communicative skills. Being bilingual or having a good command of English can give your career a boost, you can get scholarships and do higher studies in the career of your choice anywhere in the world. Definitely mastering English will give you access to countless information that is available both in physical documents and online.
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Being better qualified will increase the options for getting a better job. Due to the economic openness, important multinational companies in the world have been allowed to enter the country, which has forced professionals in all areas to develop new skills, including proficiency in English. This has become the predominant language in business and has allowed people who master it to stand out from others in this competitive working world. If you have this kind of ability, new paths will open up to great challenges and job opportunities and, therefore, to a better quality of life.
Your life may change if you take advantage of mastering English as a second language. Personally, you
understand music and movies more clearly, travel and
communicate with them naturally and exponentially and you will feel sure of yourself. In the academic field, you will have the possibility to start higher education studies in other countries, and have access to countless information found in this writing or spoken in this language. In the labor field, it will have an advantage over others because English is now an indispensable
international companies. If you want to succeed in your life, you will start your language study very soon.
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THE GROWTH OF THE MINING INDUSTRY IN COLOMBIA AND ITS NEGATIVE EFFECTS. BY CAMILO VARELA
Colombia is a rich country that has great ecological biodiversity and plenty natural resources. The country is located on the corner of two great oceans: Pacific and Atlantic. It is one of the most biodiverse countries on the planet with a lot of plants and animals. Also, Colombia has a lot of minerals as the coal, gold, silver, emeralds, iron, and nickel. Nowadays, Colombia is becoming one of the biggest mineral producers around the world. The export of minerals is being increased in the country. Colombia has had an important participation in the continental production of nickel and ferronickel along the history. But this source of wealth is changing the lives of many Colombian people. The growth of the mining industry in Colombia has brought impacts such as the increase of the poverty, the damage to nature and the violation of human rights.
The poverty has increased in the regions where these non-renewable resources are extracted. People who live in those places does not have the minimum conditions to lead a decent life. They are not having access to basic services such as potable water, sewer system, street lighting ,hospital network, education system. The royalties generated from the extraction of these natural resources have not been inverted in science and technology. The corrupt politicians have stolen thousands of millions of general budget of the Nation. This is one of the cause poverty and backwardness in Colombia. TEM
The growth of the mining industry is deteriorating
In conclusion if the National Government invest
the environment. For the development of these
money of royalties in supply the basics needs of the
activities products highly pollutant are used, which
population, they will have access to the public
are damage the earth and water at these places.
services such as potable water, sewer system and
they will have a free medical attention in a hospital,
their children will go to
a school. Equally, The
mining industry, which have polluted rivers. In large-
environmental impact generated by the mining is
explosives with dynamite that make people and
polluting the earth and water sources and prevent
that the communities can not inhabit these places.
constitutional and protect the property and honour
of Colombians. Especially, it must protect to people
who inhabit these areas where ilegal groups are
destroyed by the hands of man. Then, the hands of
killing and making these communities disappearing.
man are eradicating the flora and wildlife of these
Equally, If the government protects our children and
If it guarantees that the children go to school, the children will be the future of the country and If the
Mining in Colombia is generating multiple violations
government does not permit that the children work
to the human rights. Where these resources are
and if it does not approve that their close relatives
being extracted by the illegal groups, the illegal
force them, the children will enjoy their childhood
groups are stealing the land and they are causing
and they will grow in a better country where their
displacement of many farmers from the countryside
dreams will come reality.
to the cities. Furthermore, here the indigenous population are disappearing of their communities, the ilegal groups are killing them. In the same way, the
exploitation force the children to work in this activity
To go deep ·https://www.cetim.ch/miner%C3%ADa-y-violaci%C3%B3nde-los-derechos-humanos-en-colombia-el-caso-de-anglogold-ashanti-contra-la-comunidad-afrodescendiente-de-la-
against their dignity. Children have not had the
opportunity to go to school and they can not have a
·El Economista. September 14th, 2016.
·Fierro, Julio. Politicas Mineras en Colombia. February, 2012, pp 24.
THE COLOMBIAN PEACE PROCESS: A BIG PROMISE AND BIG CHALLENGES BY CARLOS MUĂ‘OZ
The Colombian peace process was signed to finish a long conflict between the Colombian government and the FARC guerrilla. To finish the conflict, the
First, Colombia is one of the countries with the highest
process had the purpose of solving the causes of it
income inequality. Colombia is the thirteenth most
(Presidencia de la Republica, 2016). A big promise.
unequal country on the planet and the third in Latin
However, the process was designed to solve specific
America after Haiti and Guatemala (Central Intelligence
problems like the demobilization of guerrilla, the
Agency, 2019). While in Colombia the average income of a
development of rural areas, the elimination of illicit
low-income family is less than 150 USD per month, in an
drug production, the creation of a new justice system,
egalitarian society such as the Swedish or Belgian the
and the reparation for the victims. Those items are not
average income of a low-income family is 3000 USD per
an exhaustive list of the conflict causes but are a good
month. The richest people of Colombia earn 87.000 more
start. Now, after the initial implementation, we would
times than the poorest. It means that in Colombia there is
recognize that the causes of the Colombian conflict
an impressive concentration of the income in a few
are more complex, and any attempt must try to
hands. Whereas millions of workers, formal and informal,
improve the economy and social model of the country.
struggle with earning more than a minimum salary or
Three principal current socio-economic problems can
getting out of poverty, a small portion of the population is
be mentioned: unequal income distribution, static
getting plenty of economic resources. Those elevated
economic mobility, and increasing job insecurity.
levels of income inequality have carried to a big portion of Colombian inhabitants to live in a context of poor public health services, bad education, high proportion of criminality, and a rising political instability. Second in Colombia, there is a low proportion of socio-economic mobility, and it has been at the same level for years or has been worst. Data provides evidence that socio-economic condition of the fathers is a strong predictor of the socio-economic condition of the children in the future. According to the OCDE (2018), the persistence of income inequality in Colombia between parents and children is 76%. To illustrate this, think in the next case: there are three fathers, the first one earns 40 minimum salaries as a senator, the second one 4 minimum salaries as an engineer and the third one earns
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2 minimum salaries as a technician. If in the future
The growing income inequality, lowing rates of
each one of them has a family, the children of the first
economic mobility, and expanding work instability lead
father will earn in average 76% more than the children
to many people to struggle desperately for paying for
of the second, andthe children of the second 76%
food, housing, education, and transportation. Surviving in
more than the first. Now, think of a father that earns
this environment carries a big challenge for any society
less than the minimum salary or is under the poverty
that pretends to fix itself from a long conflict. The
line, their children will be under the earnings of the
Colombian peace process was a good start, but if the
first, second, and third for a long time,inclusive during
mentioned and other problems are not solved, in
several generations. Therefore, in Colombia, the
Colombia, there will subsist a fertile area for social
moving up is hard and for some parts of the
discomfort, unhappiness and probably new illegal armed
population, nearly impossible, and it is certainly a
groups will emerge. There are many issues to tackle. So,
difficult environment to reduce poverty.
we need to work hard to create a truly peaceful, egalitarian, fair, wealthy, and modern Colombia. To go deep Central Intelligence Agency. (2019). The World Factbook 2019. Washington, DC: CIA. López, E. (2014). Precariedad laboral en Colombia 1990-2013. Enfoques
Vestigium Ire. 1 (7):40-54.
The socio-economic Mobility. Taken and edited from The economist. Mobility Measured. Feb 1st 2014. Washington D.C
Third, in Colombia, job quality is deteriorating. Since the first years of the 1990s decade a flexible job market
OECD. (2018). The only way is up? Social mobility and equal opportunities. Paris: OECD publishing. Presidencia de la República. (2016) Preámbulo, Acuerdo final para la terminación del conflicto y la construcción de una paz estable y duradera. November 24th, 2016.
Nowadays in the job market, for most of us is usual to be employed at a fixed-term like 3, 6 or less than 12 months. Alongside there is an extensive framework of labor-hour and service provision contracts. However, there was a time where the indefinite term contract was the rule, allowing to the workers get a pension, a house, a car and provide high education to children. The Colombian labor market flexibilization has led to a drop in the salaries, a worker with indefinite-term contract earns on average 43% more than a worker with definite contract. Furthermore, in this context, the Colombian employees and their families have gotten a lack of stability, degraded their lifestyle, and been injured their physical and mental integrity.