ACTION FOR HUMAN DIGNITY Annual Report 2010
Finn Church Aid aims to change the world through action for human dignity.
The lives and human dignity of people in the weakest positions will be enhanced wherever we work. Defending human dignity is the basis for all of our work. People must have their basic human rights realised so that they have an opportunity to live a dignified life.
• Unconditional love for our neighbours • Unyielding hope • Courage • Quality
Photo: Lauri Soini
Our core values
More resources for change Finn Church Aid work aims at permanent change: less poverty and life in dignity for everyone. The situation in Haiti and Pakistan and many other crises receiving less media attention brought upheaval to 2010. The price of food continued to increase. Refugeeism, political instability and insecurity, human rights violations and slow recovery from crises and conflicts put their stamp on the year under review. Neighbourly love is realised through actions. Work undertaken in increasingly difficult circumstances continuously requires better anticipation, preparedness, rapid reacting as well as open-mindedness in choices. The aim in each of our operating countries is a strategic whole comprising aid and advocacy, which genuinely supports the increase of well-being of people and communities under the sphere of our operations. During the year under review, Finn Church Aid continued to implement its strategy. Significant results were achieved in aid and advocacy activities. Transfer of programme administration closer to our local cooperation partners and people in need of aid in regional and country offices continued. The number of volunteers and donors participating in the activities increased. The resources available for the operations also increased. People and communities committed to their own development, donors supporting the activities, volunteers donating their time, local partners, the international ACT Alliance and Finn Church Aid decision-makers and employees have each contributed significantly to the activities. Thank you for doing your part to make our world a more equal one. Pauliina Parhiala Director
Actions in five regions AsiA The activities in Nepal focused on increasing the awareness of the landless groups about their rights by, among other things, supporting Dalit organisations. Simultaneously, the landless’ opportunities to acquire a livelihood were improved. Photo: Lauri Soini
In Cambodia, a rural development programme, which aims to improve people’s livelihood and food security, was continued. A humanitarian mine clearing component is also included in the program. Women’s Bank projects continued both in Cambodia and Nepal.
Photo: Aarno Lahtinen
Long-term development cooperation in Asia continued in 2010.
In Asia, we also supported a regional disaster preparedness programme in Bangladesh and Nepal, as well as work against human trafficking.
Photo: Mirva Moilanen
No major, sudden humanitarian catastrophes took place in Africa in 2010. Large-scale long-term crises continued in the working areas of Finn Church Aid including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia and Zimbabwe. Finn Church Aid supported people in the weakest position in these countries by improving their food security, investing in developing their means of livelihood and promoting peaceful coexistence at the grassroots level. The long-term development cooperation continued, for example, in Liberia and Sierra Leone with the help of funding from the Women’s Bank. Many young women received occupational education in the dressmaking, agriculture and catering sectors, the operations of women’s associations were supported in order to develop means of livelihood, and women with limited means have been provided with small loans. Finn Church Aid opened its East African regional office in Nairobi in the summer 2010. Other offices continued to expand and deepen the program work together with Finn Church Aid’s local partners.
Latin America and the Caribbean
EuropE Finn Church Aid supports a programme aiming to reduce domestic violence in Moldova. In 2010, survey work was carried out in order to launch a rural development project.
The earthquake in Haiti created a wave of donations which enabled Finn Church Aid’s humanitarian relief and reconstruction work in the country during 2010.
In Kosovo, we support a social development programme for women as well as an agricultural development programme with local partners. In Russia, we support the work of our local partners among socially excluded groups, especially children and young people. We also support the development of employee training as well as diaconia and education work of churches in Estonia and Ingria (Russia).
In Haiti, we also developed the disaster preparedness capacities. The aim is to be better prepared for the annual hurricanes in the Caribbean, to minimise damage and to promote recovery. Finn Church Aid established a country office in Haiti in 2010. In Central America, Guatemala and Honduras, Finn Church Aid focused on increasing people’s awareness of their own rights. This way, communities can better protect and utilise their environment in a sustainable manner. Photo: Sari Kaipainen
In Europe, we support the regional programme against human trafficking.
Finn Church Aid soon focused on the Education in Emergencies programme, training teachers in providing the pupils with psychosocial support, and constructing school buildings.
In Finland FCA’s work include advocacy work, fundraising, global education, campaigns and communications. The role of voluntary work increased in 2010.
Middle East In 2010, we implemented projects in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the Palestinian Territories and Iraq.
In 2010, Finn Church Aid sent six voluntary EAPPI accompaniers to monitor the human rights situation in the Occupied Palestine Territories and report on possible infringements. The local partners include units working under the Middle East Council of Churches and local cooperation organisations.
Photo: Paul Jeffrey/ACT
We work among the refugee population in the Occupied Palestinian Territories and Lebanon, improve the social and healthcare services in the areas and especially improve the situation of women and young people. We engage in psychosocial work and aim to improve food security and opportunities for generating income.
Finn Church Aid’s programme countries
Haiti country office Port-au-Prince • The Haiti country office in Port-au-Prince was opened in spring 2010. • At the end of the year, the staff* comprised nine employees. • The annual budget** was approximately EUR 3.1 million. • The activities focused on the Education in Emergencies programme and environmental protection.
Haiti Guatemala Honduras Sierra Leone Liberia
West Africa regional office Monrovia, Liberia • At the end of 2010, the staff comprised three employees. • The annual budget was approximately EUR 700,000 • In Liberia and Sierra Leone, the work focused on developing agriculture and food security, improving employment opportunities of young people and promoting women’s rights. Improving the operational ability of local partner organisations remains an important part of the activities.
Central Africa regional office Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo • At the end of 2010, the staff comprised three employees. • The annual budget was approximately EUR 1.6 million. • The activities focused on humanitarian aid to East Congo and promotion of livelihood and women’s rights. The work conducted promoted peace and stability while enhancing the operational abilities of the local civic society.
The number of staff includes the programme work and administrative staff. In addition, support staff worked at the offices. Includes the office budget and budgets of the projects coordinated by the office.
Asia regional office Phnom Penh, Cambodia • The Asia regional office will be established in Phnom Penh in spring 2011. • The staff will be 2–3 employees. • The annual budget is approximately EUR 3.3 million. • The main themes are sustainable livelihoods, stable societies, and rights and participation.
Moldova Serbia Kosovo
Afganistan Nepal Bangladesh India
Somalia country office Hargeisa
Democratic Republic of Congo
East Africa regional office Nairobi, Kenya • At the end of 2010, the staff comprised two employees. • The annual budget was approximately EUR 0.5 million. • The activities focused on supporting the peace programme in Somalia and starting the office.
Sudan country office Juba • The country office in Juba was opened in spring 2010. • At the end of the year, the staff comprised two employees. • The annual budget was slightly under EUR 1.4 million. • The activities focused on democracy and election education, supporting the education sectors and humanitarian aid.
Wide-ranging work for human dignity Finn Church Aid changes the world by acting for human dignity so that the basic rights of individuals are realised. Finn Church Aid, together with its supporters and partners, aims to achieve this goal by working especially towards the realisation of sustainable livelihood, social stability, and rights and participation. Sustainable livelihoods includes food security, stable income and responding to the consequences of climate change. All of these themes are closely linked with each other. In 2010, we especially highlighted food security, which is a good example of the mutual inter-connectedness of the themes. Finn Church Aid’s three main interlinked themes
Rights and participation
Everything starts from an individual’s right to food: in the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the states of the world have jointly decreed that everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for, among other things, sufficient sustenance. Moreover, the UN’s Millennium Development Goals emphasise the right to food. Social stability is linked with food security. In countries where a major part of available
income is spent on food, extreme fluctuations in food prices may weaken political stability. During 2010, this happened, for example, in Mozambique, where an increase in food prices caused riots. Refugee flows due to weakened food security also cause instability. Droughts and floods caused by climate change destroy crops. Similarly, the sea-level rise caused by climate change, especially in the African coastal areas, is detrimental to food production. In this way, climate change negative impact on the availability of food. There is an essential link between food security and economic well-being. Small farmers play a key role in improving food security in developing countries. We participate in reforming political and commercial structures so that small farmers will have the prerequisites to earn their living through their own work, while simultaneously improving food security in general. Women are responsible for 60–80 per cent of food production in developing countries. Due to their poor status, they are unable to access agricultural resources and services supporting them to the same degree as men. In all our work, we aim to take into account the discriminating effect of gender roles and promote equality. The themes selected by Finn Church Aid are not distinct working sectors but closely linked with each other. Together with its partners, Finn Church Aid aims to comprehensively take the social context into account. This way, we can bring about change together.
Photo: Paul Jeffrey
Photo: Lauri Soini
â€?I make noodles according to demand and I sell everything I manufacture.â€?
Photo: Laura Pääkkönen
Opportunities for living Poverty is deprivation. It is nonpotable water, bad nutrition or extreme hunger, poor living conditions and illiteracy. Poverty is also the lack of educational opportunities and healthcare, social exclusion, inequality and human rights infringements. The poor have neither property nor money. The future of the poor, which even at its best is shaky, is the first thing to be jeopardised when disruptions occur in social stability or to the environment. As a strategic theme, ‘sustainable livelihoods’ covers the
various dimensions of poverty and aims to alleviate them. The key objects of attention are the well-being and living opportunities of individuals and communities. We have chosen to work principally on the promotion of food and economic security, which is closely linked with taking precautions and adapting human activities to the effects of climate change, such as changing agricultural conditions, floods and droughts. Special attention will be paid to people and communities who are in the most vulnerable
position due to social inequality, conflicts or natural conditions. We also seek to address the structural causes of poverty and insecurity. In 2010, we have particularly highlighted the developing countries’ right to strong local food production, which is being undermined by unequal international competition and price manipulation. The effects of food crises are felt most strongly by the poorest countries and the poorest segments of their population.
Opening a noodle factory with help from the Women’s Bank The 38-year-old Sok from Cambodia has launched a noodle factory of her own. The business enterprise became possible after Finn Church Aid’s Women’s Bank began operating in her home village of Oudoun Pov. “We are a family enterprise. My husband converted an old cement mixer into a machine suitable for making noodles. It works with a generator, since the village has no electricity,” Sok describes the start of the enterprise enthusiastically. Sok is in her third loan period from the village bank. In all, she has received EUR 115 in funding to start up and develop her business operations. The
greatest costs have been the procurement of the generator and the old cement mixer. Sok is visibly pleased at the situation and at the improvement the business activities have brought to her family’s living conditions. For the noodles, she used her mother-in-law’s recipe. “Thanks to the funding received from the Women’s Bank, I can manufacture noodles mechanically. This way the production volume is completely different from the traditional method of making them by hand. I make noodles according to demand and I sell everything I manufacture,” she says, with a smile on her face.
Photo: Liisa Perkkiö
”I am happy that I was educated and can participate in supporting the realisation of justice.”
Photo: Piritta Rikkonen
Rights and participation
Everyone has a right to a life in dignity All people are equal but due to various social, economic and cultural reasons, the rights of all people are not realised equally. In order to promote justice, Finn Church Aid especially supports the realisation of human rights and decreasing discrimination towards most vulnerable groups. It is a prerequisite of development that people know their rights, are heard and can participate in the construction of society. In 2010, the work focused on Nepal and Haiti as well as on influencing international structures. Work was done to reduce
discrimination of the casteless and to assist female immigrants in a vulnerable position and victims of human trafficking. In Nepal, the training of human rights observers to monitor the realisation of the rights of the Dalits – the casteless people – was commenced. The observers will inform people about their rights and how to demand that they be respected, as well as handle human rights issues with the authorities. Poverty and lack of recognition of human rights are connected issues, so the improvement of human rights and particularly
the promotion of women’s rights are a solid part of all our work. Rights and participation in Haiti in 2010 • human rights monitoring in the tent camps • support to the participation of NGOs in the reconstruction • through EU policies, Finn Church Aid has demanded that civil society participate strongly in the reconstruction
Awareness of women’s rights spreading “Girls and women who have experienced violence are threatened so that they would not take the crimes to court,” says Godeliv Kasenge, who assists the victims of human rights infringements in the village Kyondo in the northern Kivu region in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Women who have suffered violence in unstable circumstances are not always aware of their rights; they are threatened so that they change their story. Voluntary assistants go around spreading information on women’s rights, seek victims of violence and, when needed, help to get legal assistance through the female lawyer-led project “Women in the aftermath of war”.
“The rapist may pay the police not to get arrested, and girls and women will often change their story about what happened as a result of threats.” Godeliv says the poverty possibly leads to the victim’s family accepting a settlement in the form of a goat or money. “This reduces the woman’s body to merchandise. In some cases, the family abandons the woman as a result of the rape and then we will help in conciliation. The work of female lawyers is important and I am happy that I was educated and can participate in supporting the realisation of justice,” says Godeliv.
Photo: Nils Carstensen/ACT
”I didn’t think we would reach this point.”
Photo: Nils Carstensen/ACT
Support for peace work of religious leaders The key objectives of the ‘stable society’ theme are to defend the realisation of human dignity and to promote justice and prerequisites of sustainable development. Wars, conflicts and social unrest are the greatest threats to these values. The most extensive peace project in 2010 was in Somalia. This project aims to support religious leaders as well as clan and village elders. These are the most influential groups of peo-
ple with regard to the peace process. In 2010, the project concentrated on solving prevailing conflicts and achieved significant results in several prolonged conflict situations. The increase in advocacy work was also an important step forward in peace work. With regard to this, we brought to the agenda of the UN and other international actors solution models that support social stability, such as the role of religious and
traditional leaders and diasporas in peace work. The support given to peace and advocacy work and the resulting increased local ownership has also been significant. Advocacy work for stability was the focus in Somalia and Sudan but also in Haiti, where the significance of education for social stability was particularly emphasised.
Training for voting Paul Misa raises his blue forefinger. “When the peace agreement was signed in 2005, I didn’t think we would reach this point.” It is early December in Juba, the capital of Southern Sudan. The ink on his finger indicates that Misa has registered for the referendum held in January 2011, where the Southern Sudanese decided on the independence of their country. The referendum in Southern Sudan involved great emotions. Alongside joy and hope, there was fear that the referendum would cause unrest. Finn Church Aid has supported democratic and peaceful development in Southern Sudan together with the local churches and NGOs for several years.
In spring 2010, the parliamentary and presidential elections complying with the 2005 peace agreement were held, which for the majority of the Sudanese were the first in which they had voted. Many of the voters were also illiterate. Finn Church Aid helped to train people in voting, as well as inform them about the content of the peace agreement and, human rights, and their won rights to participate in the decisionmaking of their community. The training events drew a wide range of participated: village leaders, government officials, women’s groups, young people and other key members of the communities. Name changed
Photo: Sari Kaipainen
In 2010, the major sudden catastrophes were the earthquake in Haiti and the floods in Pakistan. Finn Church Aid also invested in developing its capacity to respond to catastrophes in 2010. For example, we engaged in work aiming to prevent and reduce the risks of natural disasters and conflicts caused by people in Bangladesh and Nepal. The share of catastrophe aid and reconstruction programmes in our aid work was 34,2 per cent in 2010. The allocations from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Finn Church Aid increased from the previous year by 13 per cent. Finn Church Aid and our local partners are committed to the international humanitarian principles and standards. The focus in aid work is on the distress of people and their right to receive help. Relief is provided regardless of ethnic background, religion or nationality.
In 2010, Finn Church Aid provided the following countries with humanitarian aid: Angola Chile Eritrea Haiti Iraq Jordan Cambodia Kyrgyzstan Democratic Republic of the Congo Lebanon Mali Moldova Myanmar Pakistan Palestine Somalia Sri Lanka Sudan Chad Uganda Russia
Education in Emergencies with the local community. In addition to school facilities, other forms of aid included psychosocial training for teachers, so that they could help children to deal with the trauma. By the end of 2010, approximately 20,000 children have entered the school with our support. In conjunction with the cholera epidemic suffered by the country, the schools enabled reaching not only the pupils, but also their parents for education on cholera and the distribution of relief materials.
Amidst catastrophes, children are in a vulnerable position and their sense of basic security wavers. Starting school and returning to everyday routines as soon as possible helps the children to recover. Photo: Sari Kaipainen
The building site in St. Matthieu.
Photo: Chris Herlinger
After the earthquake in Haiti in early 2010, Finn Church Aid soon focused in implementing its Education in Emergencies programme. With the help from donors, we constructed temporary classrooms and as one of the first organisations, began reconstructing permanent school buildings. St. Matthieu’s school in Léogâne, Haiti – utilising building debris created by the earthquake as a material – is about to be completed with the help of Finn Church Aid. The new school has been built to withstand earthquakes and hurricanes. The construction project has been implemented in an environmentally-friendly manner together
Health care services to Pakistan It is estimated that approximately 20 million people suffered from the floods that began in Pakistan at the end of July 2010. Finn Church Aid provided basic necessities and food packages to 3,000 families and funded three mobile clinics. Finn Church Aid sent a health care expert and an aid work coordinator to Pakistan for September and October. In 2011, Finn Church Aid will continue funding health care services in the Kohistan region.
Partners and cooperation network Finn Church Aid operates as part of the international and ecumenical network of churches. We are a member of the ACT Alliance (former Action by Churches Together), an alliance of development and humanitarian aid organisations and advocacy work actors. ACT is one of the world’s largest aid organisations and through its operations affects living conditions in the world’s poorest societies. The annual volume of ACT Alliance is EUR 1.2 billion and it operates in 140 countries. Over one hundred aid organisations are members of ACT Alliance. Its membership organisations both implement and fund each other’s operations. Lutheran World Federation (LWF) is our important partner in implementing development and disaster relief programmes. In 2010, Finn Church Aid participated in LWF programmes in 17 countries.
We also channel support through the programmes of the World Council of Churches (WCC) with the aim of promoting equality, human rights and peace and improving the structures of international trade. WCC also represents churches in such organisations as the UN. Finn Church Aid is also partnered with the Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance (EAA), which focuses on issues related to HIV and AIDS, food security and problems of international trade. In addition to its ecclesiastical partners, we also implement programmes in collaboration with local organisations. One of the objectives of establishing Finn Church Aid’s regional and country offices is to acquire new local partners and support their operating ability.
Ministry for Foreign Affairs partner organisation
Finn Church Aid is involved in APRODEV, a co-operation body for European church aid organisations. Its main task is to influence the EU’s development cooperation policy in order to promote fairness and reduce poverty as well as to disseminate information about member organisations. Finn Church Aid is represented in several APRODEV committees. In Finland, Finn Church Aid is a member of Kehys ry, a platform for development organisations in the EU which offers information and advice on EU development policy to its members. Moreover, Finn Church Aid is a member of Service Centre for Development Cooperation – KEPA.
Finn Church Aid is a partner organisation of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. A three-year funding agreement worth EUR 22.2 million has been signed for the years 2010–2012. Finn Church Aid has an agreement with European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) for the years 2008–2012.
Photo: Ville Asikainen
Nearly one billion people in the world are suffering from extreme hunger and 17,000 children die of hunger each day. Finn Church Aid’s two-year Action campaign, “Hunger, more than you can chew?”, will dig into food security and issues affecting. The aim is to support small farmers in developing countries, women in particular, and improve their opportunities for local food production. In 2010, the “Hunger, more than you can chew?” campaign challenged Finns to act against hunger. The campaign message was spread though TV, outdoor and online advertising. It participated in events, gave rise to the first Action Week in Kotka and challenged political decision-makers to a debate on the theme. Political parties were invited to participate in the food security seminar and background materials on the subject were produced for them. The Lusikkaliike (‘spoon movement’) fan group established in Facebook collected together those interested in the subject, offered background information and encouraged its members to spread the word. With the help of congregations, Lusikkaliike mobilized 12,997 spoons around Finland. The stickers stuck to the spoons awoke an estimated 70,000 people to the reality of insufficient food security. The campaign continues in 2011.
Advocacy and volunteer work The January 2010 earthquake in Haiti created a wave of solidarity in Finland and abroad. With the help of the congregations, the Common Responsibility Campaign was launched in advance in order to provide relief for the Haitians. Private donors and congregations donated over EUR 3 million to help Haiti. Support from volunteers and donors has enabled the still-continuing support of Finn Church Aid for the Haitians. Finn Church Aid developed volunteer activities in Finland by, for example, offering an opportunity to engage in volunteer work at our office. The youth network Changemaker and Women’s Bank grew. The contact persons in congregations around Finland publicised Finn Church Aid activities.
The themes of advocacy work included food security, curbing climate change and funding for the climate, as well as peace work. Finn Church Aid’s Alternative Gifts scheme has maintained its popularity. In 2010, Alternative Gifts were given to the value of approximately EUR 1.4 million. In summer 2010, Finn Church Aid launched a street fundraising campaign in Helsinki, Turku, Tampere and Jyväskylä.
Donations amounted to over EUR 1,1 million.
New Women’s Bank groups were founded in nine locations, and at the end of the year they numbered 13.
New projects were launched in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Project planning was started in Haiti, Guatemala, the Occupied Palestine Territories and Kosovo.
Women’s Bank is a volunteer network and fund coordinated by Finn Church Aid, aiming to support female entrepreneurship and livelihood in compliance with the principles of sustainable development.
Photo: Satu Lapinlampi
Women’s Bank grew in 2010
The Ministry of Education and Culture awarded the Changemaker youth network with the State Prize for Youth Work.
In 2010, the membership of the programme increased by 17 per cent.
Two local groups were founded, in Kotka and Vaasa.
The new permanent themes of the network are peace, debt and the environment.
Photo: Lauri Soini
Changemaker is a non-governmental youth network working in conjunction with Finn Church Aid, which offers young people with an interest in development issues volunteering and advocacy opportunities.
Finn Church Aids’ Programme Areas Programme areas Euro LWF WCC ACT Bilateral Own/other Total % Area projects Africa 3 964 679 0 648 808 2 590 298 1 386 943 8 590 728 38,7 % Asia 1 590 028 0 586 215 1 008 109 13 794 3 198 146 14,4 % Middle East 0 75 000 80 000 484 115 189 570 828 685 3,7 % Latin America 1 169 189 0 50 000 272 947 1 848 024 3 340 160 15,0 % Europe 0 0 30 000 930 279 0 960 279 4,3 % Global programmes 709 326 395 000 287 264 116 424 216 839 1 724 854 7,8 % TOTAL 7 433 223 470 000 1 682 287 5 402 172 3 655 170 18 642 852 83,9 % Planning and monitoring 3 567 754 16,1 % INTERNATIONAL WORK TOTAL 7 433 223 470 000 1 682 287 5 402 172 3 655 170 22 210 607 100,0 %
AFRICA LWF WCC ACT Bilateral Own/other Total % Country projects Angola 512 387 482 957 995 344 11,6 % Burundi 100 000 100 000 1,2 % Eritrea 338 932 338 932 3,9 % Ethiopia 524 620 296 859 7 804 829 283 9,7 % East Africa regional 52 389 30 201 247 657 330 247 3,8 % Congo, dem. republic 447 227 268 808 208 824 171 174 1 096 032 12,8 % Liberia and West Africa 6 116 82 860 227 869 316 845 3,7 % Mozambique 605 049 39 216 644 265 7,5 % Ruanda 155 000 155 000 1,8 % Sierra Leone 150 000 235 985 385 985 4,5 % Somalia 633 096 90 397 723 493 8,4 % Sudan 381 653 290 228 204 285 876 166 10,2 % Chad 330 000 330 000 3,8 % Uganda 681 306 51 028 435 732 770 8,5 % Zimbabwe 140 355 140 355 1,6 % Africa, other 10 000 50 000 98 688 437 323 596 011 6,9 % TOTAL 3 964 679 0 648 808 2 590 298 1 386 943 8 590 728 100,0 % LWF = Lutheran World Federation WCC = World Council of Churches ACT = ACT Alliance (An alliance of church-related aid organisations)
ASIA LWF WCC ACT Bilateral Own/other Total % Country projects Afganistan 169 502 169 502 5,3 % Bangladesh 433 185 433 185 13,5 % India 130 397 130 397 4,1 % Cambodia 938 549 938 549 29,3 % Myanmar 15 822 56 460 72 281 2,3 % Nepal 635 658 18 377 654 035 20,5 % Pakistan 580 611 12 146 592 757 18,5 % Asia, other 5 603 200 189 1 648 207 440 6,5 % TOTAL 1 590 028 0 586 215 1 008 109 13 794 3 198 146 100,0 %
THE MIDDLE EAST* LWF WCC ACT Bilateral Own/other Total % projects TOTAL 0 75 000 80 000 484 115 189 570 828 685 100,0 % The Occupied Palestine Territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN LWF WCC ACT Bilateral Own/other Total % Country projects
382 000 Central America** Peru Haiti 787 189 Latin America, other 50 000 TOTAL 1 169 189 0 50 000
25 757 212 190 20 000 1 848 024 15 000 272 947 1 848 024
407 757 212 190 2 655 213 65 000 3 340 160
12,2 % 6,4 % 79,5 % 1,9 % 100,0 %
including Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras
EUROPE LWF WCC ACT Bilateral Own/other Total Country projects Kosovo Moldovia Serbia Russia 30 000 Russia/ building projects Europe, other 0 TOTAL 0 0 30 000
343 829 67 232 109 245 226 152 114 000 69 822 0 930 279 0
343 829 67 232 109 245 256 152 114 000 69 822 960 279
35,8 % 7,0 % 11,4 % 26,7 % 11,9 % 7,3 % 100,0 %
Euro 1.1. - 31.12.2010 1.1. - 31.12.2009 ACTUAL OPERATIONS Aid activities Income From the Government 11 514 621,86 11 649 278,38 From the EU 135 924,54 161 902,81 From parishes 9 417 349,32 7 001 729,50 From international funding sources 1 010 698,47 0,00 Other income 113 025,99 38 578,26 22 191 620,18 18 851 488,95 Expenditure Direct aid -15 935 285,49 -16 558 933,34 Staff expenditure -3 299 290,86 -2 769 784,75 Other expenditure -2 133 266,84 -1 384 653,39 -21 367 843,19 823 776,99 -20 713 371,48 -1 861 882,53 Support functions for aid activities Communications, education and advocacy work Income 502 632,33 475 511,39 Expenditure Staff expenditure -684 972,80 -982 178,58 Other operational expenditure -1 092 638,64 -1 056 108,36 -1 777 611,44 -1 274 979,11 -2 038 286,94 -1 562 775,55 General administration Income 59,47 2 494,97 Expenditure Staff expenditure -858 916,00 -563 229,36 Other operational expenditure -144 162,61 -266 511,47 -1 003 078,61 -1 003 019,14 -829 740,83 -827 245,86 Trading deficit of actual operations -1 454 221,26 -4 251 903,94
FUNDRAISING Income Donations from private persons 5 685 199,56 4 080 796,69 From companies and organisations 508 037,84 305 916,22 6 193 237,40 4 386 712,91 Expenditure -1 284 915,55 4 908 321,85 -813 820,62 3 572 892,29 Income/trading deficit 3 454 100,59 -679 011,65 INVESTMENT AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Income 62 799,40 35 502,13 Expenditure -7 529,71 55 269,69 -13 610,18 21 891,95 Income/trading deficit 3 509 370,28 -657 119,70
GENERAL APPROPRIATIONS Operational assistance from the Church Council 638 000,00 601 000,00 Income/trading deficit 4 147 370,28 -56 119,70
SELF-COVERED FUNDS Disaster fund Income 807 552,15 985 660,16 Appropriations -598 563,85 -909 363,88 Change in fund -208 988,30 -76 296,28 Aid fund Income 1 051,78 1 823,77 Appropriations 0,00 -911,89 Change in fund -1 051,78 -911,88 Development cooperation fund Income 37 918,91 46 460,72 Appropriations -100 000,00 0,00 Change in fund 62 081,09 -46 460,72 Women’s Bank fund Income 1 062 654,30 695 193,44 Appropriations -144 199,55 -198 325,50 Operating expenditure -123 619,55 -121 682,99 Change in fund -794 835,20 -375 184,95 Profit before fund appropriations 4 147 370,28 -56 119,70
FUND APPROPRIATIONS Appropriation to development cooperation fund -1 400 000,00 -70 000,00 Appropriation to disaster fund 0,00 -60 000,00 Change in Asia fund 37 955,29 198 190,97 Change in Haiti fund -2 752 812,63 0,00 FINANCIAL YEAR SURPLUS/DEFICIT 32 512,94 12 071,27
Euro 31 Dec 2010 31 Dec 2009 ASSETS FIXED ASSETS Intangible assets Intangible rights IT software 187 869,36 179 759,74 Tangible assets Machinery and equipment 117 460,92 190 752,03 Investments Other shares and investmentst 64 776,05 72 092,05 ASSETS OF SELF-COVERED FUNDS Disaster fund, account funds and bank deposits 1 183 546,09 974 557,79 Development cooperation fund, account funds and bank deposits 2 554 248,13 1 216 329,22 Aid fund, account funds and bank deposits 114 448,92 113 397,14 Women’s Bank fund, account funds and bank deposits 1 568 236,87 773 401,67 Receivables Short term Paid advances 2 118 562,54 764 813,27 Sales receivables 11 486,52 278,1 Receivables carried forward 354 197,76 601 622,79 Other receivables 117 909,75 2 602 156,57 32 088,14 1 398 802,30 Cash in hand and at banks 9 663 247,33 6 169 202,78 ASSETS TOTAL 18 055 990,24 11 088 294,72 LIABILITIES EQUITY Equity capital 33 637,59 33 637,59 Self-covered funds Disaster Fund 2 June 1999 1 183 546,09 974 557,79 Development cooperation fund 31 Dec 2005 2 554 248,13 1 216 329,22 Aid Fund 21 Aug 1984 114 448,92 113 397,14 Women’s Bank Fund 24 May 07 1 568 236,87 5 420 480,01 773 401,67 3 077 685,82 Other tied funds Asia fund 262 382,08 300 337,37 Haiti fund 2 752 812,63 3 015 194,71 0,00 300 337,37 Retained earnings 3 665 854,13 3 653 782,86 Financial year surplus/deficit 32 512,94 12 167 679,38 12 071,27 3 665 854,13 7 077 514,91 EXTERNAL CAPITAL Current Advances received 2 232 120,50 1 204 987,62 Accounts payable 483 619,36 804 016,28 Other liabilities 94 852,83 76 589,14 Accruals and deferred income 3 077 718,17 5 888 310,86 1 925 186,77 4 010 779,81 LIABILITIES TOTAL 18 055 990,24 11 088 294,72
Income increased in 2010 In 2010, Finn Church Aid expended a total of EUR 26.4 million on aid and other operations. Approximately EUR 5 million was transferred to funds, such as the Haiti fund and the Women’s Bank fund. The total income was EUR 31.5 million, showing a 20 per cent increase from the previous year. Donations from private persons and organisations accounted for 23.8 per cent of the income. A significant share of the increase was directed at earmarked targets, such as the nearly EUR 5 million support that was received for disaster relief and reconstruction after the earthquake in Haiti in January. Support received from Evangelical Lutheran parishes was EUR 10.6 million, showing an increase of 30.2 per cent from the previous year. The share of support from parishes of all income was 33.8 per cent including the proceeds from the Common Responsibility Campaign and operational assistance received from the Church Council. The proceeds from the Common Responsibility Campaign include EUR 1.5 million which was received through the collection office to support disaster relief work in Haiti. Government and international funding sources’ share of the income was 41.9 per cent, show-
ing an increase of 8.0 per cent from the previous year. The Ministry for Foreign Affairs supported development cooperation activities with EUR 7.2 million and humanitarian aid activities with EUR 4.6 million. The financial year expenditure was EUR 26.4 million, showing a three per cent increase from the previous year. The aid work expenditure was EUR 22.2 million. Africa continued to be the most significant work area, with expenditure of EUR 8.6 million. The share of Latin America rose due to increased activities in Haiti. Lutheran World Federation (LWF) was the most important partner in implementing programmes. In all, EUR 7.3 million was channelled through it. At the end of 2010, the staff comprised 109 persons. During the year under review, 99 person years were completed. Finn Church Aid launched a street and telephone fundraising campaign with its own staff and 84 fixed term employees accounted for an additional five person years. Finn Church Aid’s accounting firm for 2010 was Ernst & Young. The transparency of the activities was increased also by the organisation’s own internal audit processes.
Support from donors increased Finn Church Aid received almost EUR 7.5 million in donations from private persons and companies, which is more than ever. The Haiti collection got Finns to donate money and it shows in the record result of fundraising. However, regular donors remained the foundation of the fundraising last year as well. New monthly donors were gained through the street fundraising campaign in particular. The Alternative Gifts scheme maintained its popularity. In 2010, gifts were given in the amount of EUR 1.4 million. In addition, Finn Church Aid was pleased to receive many significant donations from private persons. Major donations are a valuable demonstration of trust in the work of Finn Church Aid.
Finn Church Aid Income 2010 4,2 %
13,5 % 12,8 % 3,9 % 1,4 % 2,2 % 0,4 % 37,8 % 23,8 % 4,2 % 100,0 %
Mill. Euro 4,3 4,0 1,2 0,4 0,7 0,1 11,9 7,5 1,4 31,5
32,5 % 15,3 % 12,7 % 3,6 % 6,5 %
Mill. Euro 8,6 4,0 3,3 1,0 1,7
13,5 % 12,1 % 3,8 % 100,0 %
3,6 3,2 1,0 26,4
23,8 % 12,8 %
3,9 % 1,4 % 2,2 % 0,4 %
Parish Budget Contributions Common Responsibility Campaign Church Collections Other Parish Contributions Ecclesiastical Board European Union Ministry of Foreign Affairs Private Donations Other Income TOTAL
Finn Church Aid Expenditure 2010 3,8 % 12,1 % 32,5 %
6,5 % 3,6 %
Africa Asia, Middle East and Oceania Latin America Europe Global Programmes Planning and Monitoring of International Programmes Domestic Work Administration TOTAL
Domestic work includes the costs of fundraising, advocacy, communications and global education in Finland. Administration includes the costs of the directorsâ€™ office, finance and general administration.
15,3 % 12,7 %
International work 4,0 % 9,0 %
Development Cooperation Humanitarian Response Advocacy Cooperation between churches TOTAL
Mill. Euro 53,0 9,8 34,0 1,6 9,0 6,4 4,0 0,8 100,0 % 18,6
Photo: Paul Jeffrey
441 612 Painotuote
Finn Church Aid P.O. Box 185 / Luotsikatu 1 A FI-00161 Helsinki, Finland Tel. +358 20 787 1200 Telefax +358 9 630 438 firstname.lastname@example.org www.finnchurchaid.fi