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URBAN GRAFT U r ban Adaptation of I ndig enous Spatial Qualities

2012 - 2013 EmTech: Emergent Technologies and Design Architectural Association School of Architecture

YUCHEN Wang

TEJAS Sidnal

YUNFU Yi

ABHINAV A Champaneri


DESIGN APPROACH

Case Study

Analysis Open Spaces

Derived Logic and Data

Generation

Indigenous Setting

Spatial Continuity Culturally relevant spaces Environmental responses

Quality Block Level

Culturally and Environmentally distinct

Semi Public Spaces Public Spaces

Cluster Level

Urban Setting

Density


DESIGN APPROACH

Case Study

Analysis Open Spaces

Derived Logic and Data

Generation

Indigenous Setting

Spatial Continuity Culturally relevant spaces Environmental responses

Quality Block Level

Culturally and Environmentally distinct

Semi Public Spaces Public Spaces

Cluster Level

Urban Setting

Density

Socially Relevant Open Spaces Variation in Spatial Quality and Density ‘…ƒ–‹‘Â?’‡…‹Ƥ…”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ †‡Â?–‹–›


CASE STUDY Environmentally and Culturally Distinct 'LVWLQFW&RQŹJXUDWLRQRI6RFLDOVSDFHV

Ranwar Village

Nan Chi Zi

Mumbai, India

Beijing, China

Moderate variation in temperature 20 to 38 degree Celsius

ƒ–…Š‹œ‡ǣ͟͜͡š͟͜͜ ”‡ƒǣ͜Ǥ͝͝͞ ‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ǣ͜͜͞’‡‘’Ž‡Ȁ ƒ

Semi Public Space Public Space

High variation in temperature -10 to 36 degree Celsius

ƒ–…Š‹œ‡ǣ͟͜͡š͟͜͜ ”‡ƒǣ͜Ǥ͝͝͞ ‘’—Žƒ–‹‘ǣ͟͜͜’‡‘’Ž‡Ȁ ƒ


CASE STUDY Spatial Arrangement & Distribution MUMBAI

BEIJING

Public Space

Public spaces in the IRUPRI&KRZNV

Public spaces in the IRUPRI+XWRQJV


CASE STUDY Spatial Arrangement & Distribution MUMBAI

BEIJING

Open Semi Public Space Covered Semi Public Space

Frontyards

Courtyards


PA R A M E T E R S BLOCK LEVEL

CLUSTER LEVEL

Semi Public Spaces

Public Spaces

Open Space Ratio Hierarchy Enclosure Sky View Factor Orientation Solar Shading

Cluster organisation Hierarchy Enclosure Sky View Factor Orientation

Environmental Responses

E ‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰› M Of Built and Open Spaces

S Socio- Cultural •’‡…–•


B LO C K L E V E L


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y MUMBAI Case Studies

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

͝

͞

͟

4

͡

6

7

8

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Average size : 60 sq m

Enclosure Sky-View

Connectivity

Semi public space size (m2)

55

57

135

28

92

64

53

45

Orientation

BEIJING ƒŽ›•‹• ͝

͞

͟

4

͡

6

7

8

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

Average size : 70 sq m Semi public space size (m2)

185

104

81

56

110

45

150

96


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Open space ratio_OSR

MUMBAI

Semi public space v/s Built area _ OSR

Case Studies

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space Ratio

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Average OSR : 35 %

Enclosure Sky-View

Connectivity

Semi public space to total build up area ratio

40%

36%

36%

32%

45%

37%

43%

46%

27%

27%

35%

Orientation

BEIJING ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

Average OSR : 31 % Semi public space to total build up area ratio

26%

36%

32%

28%

37%


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Hierarchy of semi public space

Case Studies

MUMBAI

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡

 Private

Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ Covered semi public

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Semi public

Enclosure Public space

Sky-View

Connectivity

Orientation

Hierarchy Level : 4 BEIJING ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡– Private

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

Semi public

Public space

Hierarchy Level : 3


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Enclosure Factor (EV) Enclosure Factor (EV) Case Studies

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡”‡ƒ

Enclosure Sky-View

Connectivity

Orientation

ƒ…‹‰—”ˆƒ…‡”‡ƒ

ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

ƒ…‹‰—”ˆƒ…‡”‡ƒ EV ‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡”‡ƒ


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Enclosure Factor (EV) Enclosure Factor (EV) Case Studies

MUMBAI

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Enclosure Value : 1.37

Open Space Distribution

Enclosure Value : 2.00

Enclosure Value : 1.1

‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡”‡ƒ

Enclosure

Enclosure Range : 1.1 - 1.5 Sky-View

Connectivity Enclosure value

Orientation

1.37

2.0

1.1

1.82

0.98

1.53

1.28

1.16

BEIJING ƒ…‹‰—”ˆƒ…‡”‡ƒ

ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Enclosure Value : 2.94

Fitness Criteria

Enclosure Value : 2.82

Enclosure Value : 3.14

Enclosure Range : 2.5 - 3.0 ƒ…‹‰—”ˆƒ…‡”‡ƒ EV ‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡”‡ƒ

Enclosure value

2.94

2.82

3.14

2.94

2.57

2.71

2.16

2.48


B LO C K L E V E L - E X P E R I M E N T Enclosure Factor (EV)

Case Studies

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

Corner

͞—”ˆƒ…‡•

†‰‡

͟—”ˆƒ…‡•

Centre

4 Surfaces

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Location of Semi public spaces

Enclosure

Corner Sky-View

†‰‡

Centre

Connectivity

Orientation

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

‡Ž‡…–‡†‘”’Š‘Ž‘‰‹‡•

ƒŽ›•‹•

‹–Š‡”ƒ‰‡‘ˆ͝Ǥ͝͞–‘͝Ǥ͜͡


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Sky View Factor (SVF)

Case Studies

6N\9LHZ)DFWRU 69)

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Enclosure Sky-View

Connectivity

Orientation

‹‡™‹‰ƒ‰Ž‡ˆ”‘…‡–”‡‘ˆ‘’‡•’ƒ…‡

ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

SVF

‹•‹„Ž‡›”‡ƒ ”‘Œ‡…–‡†”‡ƒ


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Sky View Factor (SVF)

Case Studies

6N\9LHZ)DFWRU 69)

MUMBAI

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Enclosure  ÇŁÍœÇ¤Í˘Í&#x;

Sky-View

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍĄÍ&#x;

Connectivity

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍŁÍ

69)5DQJH

Orientation Sky view factor

‹‡™‹�‰ƒ�‰Ž‡ˆ”‘�…‡�–”‡‘ˆ‘’‡�•’ƒ…‡

0.63

0.53

0.74

0.51

0.68

0.52

0.62

0.57

BEIJING

�ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹�‡�–

‡•‹‰� �’—–

Fitness Criteria

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍĄÍĽ

SVF

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍĄÍœ

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍŁÍ¤

69)5DQJH

‹•‹„Ž‡�›”‡ƒ ”‘Œ‡…–‡†”‡ƒ Sky view factor

0.59

0.50

0.78

0.48

0.53

0.58

0.57

0.46


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Orientation

Case Studies

MUMBAI ”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡

‘”–Š



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

‘—–Š

Enclosure —‹Ž†‹‰”‹‡–ƒ–‹‘ǣ Ǧ

Sky-View

Connectivity

Orientation

BEIJING ƒŽ›•‹•

‡•–

East

‡•–

East

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

—‹Ž†‹‰”‹‡–ƒ–‹‘ǣǦ

Oriented along: Mumbai Beijing 25 % North - South 70 % East - West

30 %

75 %


B LO C K L E V E L - C A S E S T U D Y Floor area ratio (F.A.R) Floor area ratio (F.A.R) Case Studies

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

‘–ƒŽ—‹Ž–—’”‡ƒ

Enclosure Sky-View

,QGLJHQRXV6HWWOHPHQW

Connectivity

)$5

Orientation

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria

‘–ƒŽ„—‹Ž–—’ƒ”‡ƒ ǤǤ Ž‘–”‡ƒ

8UEDQ,QIUDVWUXFWXUH F.A.R : 3.0


B LO C K L E V E L From Case Studies 64 m͞ per public space

Size of Semi - Public

Hierarchy

͝

͞

semi

͟

Open Space Ratio

͞͡τ–‘͟͜τ

Enclosure Factor

ƒ‰‡͝Ǥ͝–‘͝Ǥ͡

Sky-View Factor

‹ǣ͜Ǥ͡

South Facing Surface

Other Aspects Plot Area

Open Space Distribution

Connectivity

‹‹‹œ‡‘” ƒš‹‹œ‡™Ǥ”Ǥ–‹–‡


B LO C K L E V E L - D E S I G N I N P U T Plot Sizes

Case Studies

Plot Sizes

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–• ͜͞

‹œ‡ Open Space

͜͠

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Enclosure Sky-View

Connectivity

Orientation

ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

͟͞



Fitness Criteria

͝‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡

͞‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡•

͟‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡•


B LO C K L E V E L - D E S I G N I N P U T Semi - Public Distribution

Case Studies

Plot Sizes

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–• ͜͞

‹œ‡

͟͞

͜͠



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Enclosure

͝‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡

͟‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡•

͞‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡•

Open Space Distribution

Sky-View

Connectivity

Orientation

Closest point

ƒ”–Š‡•–’‘‹–

Random point

ƒŽ›•‹•

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Corner

F.A.R : 1.35

F.A.R : 0.91

F.A.R : 0.87

†‰‡

F.A.R : 0.95

F.A.R : 0.82

F.A.R : 0.68

Centre

F.A.R : 0.67

F.A.R : 0.62

F.A.R : 0.61

Fitness Criteria


B LO C K L E V E L - D E S I G N I N P U T Semi - Public Distribution

Case Studies

Plot Sizes

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–• ͜͞

‹œ‡

͟͞

͜͠



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

͝‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡

Enclosure

‡‹’—„Ž‹…•’ƒ…‡•Ȁƪ‘‘”ȋƤš‡†Ȍ

Sky-View

͟‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡•

͞‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡•

‡‹’—„Ž‹…•’ƒ…‡•Ȁƪ‘‘”ȋ˜ƒ”‹ƒ„Ž‡Ȍ

Connectivity

Orientation ͟͞

͟͞

ƒŽ›•‹• ǤǤǣ͝Ǥͤ͡

ǤǤǣ͞Ǥ͝͝

š’‡”‹‡–

‡•‹‰ ’—–

Fitness Criteria ͜͠

͜͠

ǤǤǣ͝Ǥͤ͟

„—‹Ž–ƒ”‡ƒ

ǤǤǣ͞Ǥͤ͜


B LO C K L E V E L - F I T N E S S C R I T E R I A Connectivity

Connectivity Logic Rule 1 : ‘��‡…–‹�‰‡�‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡•„›ƒ�’•ƒ�†–ƒ‹”…ƒ•‡•

Case Studies

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

‹œ‡



Open Space

Ž‘–”‡ƒ

‹‡”ƒ”…Š›

Open Space Distribution

Enclosure Sky-View

Connectivity

Orientation

Rule 2 :

�ƒŽ›•‹•

’–‹Â?‹•‹Â?‰‹”…—Žƒ–‹‘Â?‡Â?‰–ŠČ‹ČŒ–‘Ž‡••–ŠƒÂ?Í˘Íœ

š’‡”‹�‡�–

‡•‹‰� �’—–

Fitness Criteria

ĚźƒšÇŁÍ˘Íœ


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Urban Infrastructure

Indigenous Settlement ‰‰”‡‰ƒ–‹‘� Dimension

š’‡”‹�‡�–•

ƒ�†

Design Input ‡�‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡‹œ‡

Ž‘–‹œ‡

Ž‘–‹œ‡

Block Footprint

Block Footprint

‘Â?Â?‡…–‹˜‹–›‹–Š–”‡‡–

Sky view Factor

Ž‘‘”˜‡”ŠƒÂ?‰ š’‡”‹Â?‡Â?–Í?

Ž‘‘”ƥ•‡–‘‰‹…

š’‡”‹�‡�–͞

Semi public Space Location

š’‡”‹Â?‡Â?–Í&#x;

Semi public Space Distribution

Orientation

Fitness Criteria ‘—–Š ƒ…‹�‰ Surface Ratio

‘—–Š ƒ…‹�‰ Surface Ratio

Open Space Ratio

Open Space Ratio Enclosure

Density Requirement

š’‡”‹Â?‡Â?–Í

Enclosure

š’‡”‹�‡�–ͥ

‘��‡…–‹˜‹–›‘‰‹…

Ž‘…� 

Q Quality

D Density


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Remapping Parameters

ĎŽÍ?Ǥ͜

Í?Ǥ͜

͞Ǥͥ Í&#x;Ǥ͜

Ď?Í&#x;Ǥ͜



‡�ƒ’’‹�‰ƒ”ƒ�‡–‡”•

͜

ÍœÇ¤ÍŁÍĄ

Í?

‹ƥ‡”‡Â?–‹ƒŽ‡‹‰Š–‹Â?‰ ĎŽÍ?ÍœĎ„

‡•– ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

Í?ÍœĎ„

Í?Í Ď„

ÍžÍœĎ„

Ď?ÍžÍœĎ„

OSR ”‹‰‹�ƒŽ˜ƒŽ—‡ ͜

͜ǤÍ

Í?

‹�ƒŽ ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘� ‘™‡•–

–ƒ”‰‡–

domain value

Evaluation

Sky View Factor

Ď?ͤ͜Â?

‹‰Š‡•– –ƒ”‰‡–

Í&#x;ÍœÂ?

”‹‰‹�ƒŽ‘�ƒ‹�

CL

͜ Target Domain

ĎŽÍ&#x;ÍœÂ?

domain value

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

Ž‘…�ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡

ͤ͜�

0

1

Ď?Í?͢τ

Í? Í?͢τ

Í?Í?Ď„

ͤτ

ώͤτ

ƒ”‰‡–˜ƒŽ—‡ SFR

͜ ͜

͜ǤÍ&#x;ͤ

Í? ͞ǤÍ?

Í?ǤÍ?

Í&#x;

EV

͜

ÍœÇ¤ÍĄÍž

Í?


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Differential Weighting Q

Š”‡•Š‘Ž†

‡ƒ’’‹‰ƒ”ƒ‡–‡”•

͜τ

͜͞τ

D

Quality

͜͜͝τ

Density

OSR

‹ơ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ‡‹‰Š–‹‰



CL SFR Ȁ ͜

‡•– ‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

͜Ǥͣ͡

‹ƒŽ ‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

’Ž‹ˆ›š͡

EV ‹ơ‡”‡– …”‹–‡”‹ƒ …ƒ–‡‰‘”‹•‡† base on quality and density

͟Ǥͣ͡

FAR

͜Ǥ͜͠

Evaluation

’Ž‹ˆ›š͞

͜Ǥͤ͜

’Ž‹ˆ›š͝

͝Ǥ͜͜

’Ž‹ˆ›š͝

͜Ǥͤ͟

’Ž‹ˆ›š͝

͜Ǥ͡͞

‡‡–‹… Ž‰‘”‹–Š

OSR

͝Ǥ͜͜

Sky View Factor

͝ ‘‰‰Ž‡ƒŽ—‡

CL

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–• ͜Ǥͤ͟

SFR

Ž‘…ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡ ͜Ǥ͡͞

EV

Q

D

= FAR x 5

͜͡τ ͜͡τ = 0.75 x 5

›’‘Ž‘‰›͞

x VD + OSR x 2 + CL x 1

+ SFR x 1

+ EV x 1

x VQ

x 1

+ 0.38 x 1

+ 0.52 x 1

x 1

+ 0.40 x 2 + 1.00 x 1


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Differential Weighting

‡�ƒ’’‹�‰ƒ”ƒ�‡–‡”•

‹ƥ‡”‡Â?–‹ƒŽ‡‹‰Š–‹Â?‰

‡•– ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

Block Generation ‡•‹‰� �’—–

‹�ƒŽ ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

Plot Size Medium

Large Í ÍœšÍ ÍœÂ?

Evaluation

Sky View Factor

Open Space Ratio Enclosure

Q Quality

‘��‡…–‹˜‹–›‘‰‹… ǤǤ

D Density

Genetic Algorithm

Q Quality

‘—–Š ƒ…‹�‰ Surface Ratio

ÍžÍ š͞͠Â?

Fitness Criteria

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

Ž‘…�ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡

Small

Í&#x;ÍžšÍ&#x;ÍžÂ?

D Density

Typology 1

Typology 2

Typology 3

8 Blocks

8 Blocks

8 Blocks

Q ‹‰Š—ƒŽ‹–› Blocks

Q

D

‡†Ǥ—ƒŽ‹–›ĆŹ Density Blocks

D ‹‰Š‡�•‹–› Blocks


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Differential weighting Q

D

Í˘ÍœĎ„ Í ÍœĎ„

‡�ƒ’’‹�‰ƒ”ƒ�‡–‡”•

Q

D

ÍŁÍœĎ„ Í&#x;ÍœĎ„

Q

D

Í¤ÍœĎ„ ÍžÍœĎ„

Typology 1 Quality option

‹ƥ‡”‡Â?–‹ƒŽ‡‹‰Š–‹Â?‰

‡•– ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

˜‡”ƒ‰‡ ÇŁ

Í?Ç¤ÍŁÍœ

Í?Ç¤ÍŁÍœ

Í?Ǥ͢͞

‹‰Š‡•– ǣ

͞Ǥ͜Í?

͞Ǥ͜Í?

Í?ǤͤÍ&#x;

Q

D

ÍĄÍœĎ„ ÍĄÍœĎ„

‹�ƒŽ ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

Q

D

ÍĄÍœĎ„ ÍĄÍœĎ„

Q

D

ÍĄÍœĎ„ ÍĄÍœĎ„

Typology 2

Evaluation

Quality-Density option Sky View Factor

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

˜‡”ƒ‰‡ ÇŁ

Í?Ǥͤͥ

Í?Ǥͤͥ

ÍžÇ¤ÍœÍĄ

‹‰Š‡•– ǣ

͞Ǥ͜͞

͞Ǥ͜͞

͞Ǥͤ͞

Q

Ž‘…�ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡

D

Í ÍœĎ„ Í˘ÍœĎ„

Q

D

Í&#x;ÍœĎ„ ÍŁÍœĎ„

Q

ÍžÍœĎ„ Í¤ÍœĎ„

‘—–Š ƒ…‹�‰ Surface Ratio Open Space Ratio Enclosure

Q Quality

‘��‡…–‹˜‹–›‘‰‹… ǤǤ

Typology 3 Density option

D Density

D

˜‡”ƒ‰‡ ÇŁ

Í?Ǥͼͣ

Í?Ǥͼͣ

͞Ǥͼͼ

‹‰Š‡•– ǣ

͞Ǥ͜͜

͞Ǥ͜͜

Í&#x;Ǥ͞ͼ


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Evaluation

‡�ƒ’’‹�‰ƒ”ƒ�‡–‡”•

Block Generation ‹ƥ‡”‡Â?–‹ƒŽ‡‹‰Š–‹Â?‰

Fitness Criteria

Q Quality

Genetic Algorithm

‡•– ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

‹�ƒŽ ‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

Evaluation

Sky View Factor

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

Ž‘…�ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡

D Density

Typology 1

Typology 2

Typology 3

8 Blocks

8 Blocks

8 Blocks

Q

D

Q

D

Q

D

Í¤ÍœĎ„

ÍžÍœĎ„

ÍĄÍœĎ„

ÍĄÍœĎ„

ÍžÍœĎ„

Í¤ÍœĎ„

Evaluation 1 Sky View Factor

‘—–Š ƒ…‹�‰ Surface Ratio Open Space Ratio Enclosure

Q Quality

‘��‡…–‹˜‹–›‘‰‹… ǤǤ

D Density

Evaluation 2 ”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽƒ•’‡…–•


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Evaluation - Sky View

‡ƒ’’‹‰ƒ”ƒ‡–‡”•

‹ơ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ‡‹‰Š–‹‰ ˜ƒŽ—ƒ–‡ ‡ƒ…Š •‡‹ ’—„Ž‹… space on SVF

‡•– ‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

‹ƒŽ ‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

Evaluation ͜Ǥͥ͢

Sky View Factor

͜Ǥ͠͡

͜Ǥͣ͢

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

Ž‘…ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡ ‡Ž‡…––Š‡Ž‘™‡•– ˜ƒŽ—‡–‘…‘’ƒ”‡  Ϗ͜Ǥ͡ ͜Ǥ͠͡ώ͜Ǥ͡

ƒ•‡†‘–Š‹• ǡ–Š‡‹†‹˜‹†—ƒŽ would be eliminated

͜Ǥͥ͝

͜Ǥͤ͜


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Evaluation - Architectural aspects

‡ƒ’’‹‰ƒ”ƒ‡–‡”•

‹ơ‡”‡–‹ƒŽ‡‹‰Š–‹‰

‡•– ‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

͝ Elevated network

͞ ˆ‘”ƒŽ’ƒ••™ƒ›

‹ƒŽ ‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

Evaluation

Sky View Factor

”…Š‹–‡…–—”ƒŽ•’‡…–•

Ž‘…ƒ–ƒŽ‘‰—‡

4 –‡”…‘‡…–‹‘…ƒ’ƒ…‹–›

͟ š–‡•‹‘…ƒ’ƒ…‹–›


B LO C K G E N E R AT I O N Catalogue Large plot

Medium plot

Small plot

 ͝Ǥͤ͝ Q ͡Ǥͥ͞

 ͝Ǥ͟͞ Q ͡Ǥͤ͞

 ͝Ǥͥ͡ Q ͡Ǥͥ͡

 ͞Ǥͤ͝ Q ͠Ǥͤ͡

 ͝Ǥ͜͝ Q ͠Ǥͤ͡

 ͝Ǥ͜͠ Q ͡Ǥͣ͠

 ͝Ǥ͢͢ Q ͠Ǥͤ͡

 ͝Ǥͤ͝ Q ͡Ǥͤ͠

 ͝Ǥͤ͡ Q ͡Ǥ͠͞

 ͞Ǥ͜͠ Q ͡Ǥ͠͡

 ͝Ǥ͜͠ Q ͡Ǥͣ͝

 ͝Ǥ͡͝ Q ͡Ǥͤͥ

 ͝Ǥͥ͠ Q ͞Ǥͤ͝

 ͞Ǥͣ͜ Q ͞Ǥͥ͡

 ͝Ǥͤ͡ Q ͟Ǥ͟͡

 ͝Ǥͥ͡ Q ͟Ǥ͜͞

 ͝Ǥͣ͢ Q ͟Ǥ͜͡

 ͝Ǥͤ͞ Q ͟Ǥͤ͟

 ͞Ǥ͜͟ Q ͟Ǥ͞͝

 ͝Ǥͥͤ Q ͞Ǥͣ͜

 ͝Ǥͥ͜ Q ͟Ǥ͢͞

 ͞Ǥͣ͟ Q ͟Ǥͥ͢

 ͝Ǥ͟͠ Q ͟Ǥͥ͡

 ͝Ǥ͡͝ Q ͠Ǥͣ͝

 ͟Ǥ͜͝ Q ͝Ǥͤ͝

 ͟Ǥ͜͟ Q ͝Ǥ͢͝

 ͞Ǥ͟͞ Q ͝Ǥͥ͟

 ͞Ǥͥ͞ Q ͝Ǥͥ͜

 ͝Ǥͣ͢ Q ͞Ǥ͟͠

 ͝Ǥͤ͞ Q ͞Ǥ͜͟

 ͞Ǥͣ͠ Q ͝Ǥ͠͞

 ͟Ǥͤ͜ Q ͝Ǥͥ͞

 ͞Ǥ͝͞ Q ͞Ǥ͜͢

 ͞Ǥ͜͝ Q ͝Ǥͥͣ

 ͞Ǥͣ͜ Q ͞Ǥ͡͞

 ͝Ǥͤ͞ Q ͞Ǥ͟͜

›’‘Ž‘‰›͝

Q

›’‘Ž‘‰›͞

Q

D

›’‘Ž‘‰›͟

D


CLUSTER LEVEL


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Cluster Variation

Block Aggregation Design Input Variation of Blocks In Cluster

Large Block

Cluster 1 Q ‹‰Š—ƒŽ‹–› Cluster

Medium Block

Cluster 2 Q

D

‡†Ǥ—ƒŽ‹–›Ƭ Density Cluster

Small Block

Cluster 3 D ‹‰Š‡•‹–› Cluster


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N - C A S E S T U D Y Cluster samples

MUMBAI

‡ˆ‡”‡…‡ˆ”‘ †‹‰‡‘—••‡––‹‰ ȋ—„ƒ‹Ȍ

1

2

3

4

5

6

ͥ͜Ǧ͜͜͝

Ž‘•‡•–—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡ˆ‘”—‹Ž†‹‰• —„Ž‹… •’ƒ…‡• ‹ –Š‡

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘

form of squares

Case Study

˜‡”ƒ‰‡•‹œ‡ǣ͞͡͝•“

BEIJING

Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

1

2

3

4

5

6

ͥ͜Ǧ͜͜͝

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰ 

—„Ž‹… •’ƒ…‡• ‹ –Š‡ form of streets

’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡•

˜‡”ƒ‰‡•‹œ‡ǣ͟͜͜•“ Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

Public space


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Aggregation

Aggregation type 1

‡ˆ‡”‡…‡ˆ”‘ †‹‰‡‘—••‡––‹‰ 3

ȋ—„ƒ‹Ȍ

c

c’

2 SVF : 0.75

1

85o Section c - c’

Public space

Aggregation type 2 b

3

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘

b’

Case Study

2 SVF : 0.84

1

Sky View

a’

š’‡”‹‡– Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰ 

96o Section b - b’

Aggregation type 3 a

3

2 1

SVF : 0.91

’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

121o Section a - a’


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Aggregation Q Cluster ̼ͤ͜

Q

D Cluster ̼ͣ͜

D Cluster ̼͜͡

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘

Case Study

Sky View š’‡”‹‡– Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ ‡•‹‰ ’—– Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

High porosity High quality residential typology

Low porosity High density residential typology


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Block Block Relationship

Optimising Block - Block relationship

‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘� ”‰ƒ�‹œƒ–‹‘�

Operation 1

Operation 2

Ž‹’‹Â?ÇŚš‹• Ž‹’‹Â?ÇŚš‹• ‘–ƒ–‡Í?ͤ͜Íœ

‘Â?ÇŚ—Â?‹ˆ‘”Â?…ƒŽ‡

Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘�•Š‹’

Optimising semi public space : Sky view Height v/s Width ratio

Evaluation

�ˆ‘”�ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ�‡–™‘”�

Â‘Â†Â‹Ć¤Â…ÂƒÂ–Â‹Â‘Â?

�…”‡ƒ•‹�‰  ’–‹�‹•‹�‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”�


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Operation 1 ’–‹Â?‹•‹Â?‰Ž‘…Â?ÇŚŽ‘…Â?”‡Žƒ–‹‘Â?•Š‹’

Operation 2

Operation 1 Flip in X - Axis Flip in Y - Axis Rotate 180 0

Non uniform Scale

Optimising semi public space : Sky view Height v/s Width ratio

Í? ”‹‰‹Â?ƒŽ

‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘� ”‰ƒ�‹œƒ–‹‘� Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘�•Š‹’ Evaluation

�ˆ‘”�ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ�‡–™‘”�

Â‘Â†Â‹Ć¤Â…ÂƒÂ–Â‹Â‘Â?

�…”‡ƒ•‹�‰  ’–‹�‹•‹�‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”�

Íž ‘–ƒ–‡Í?ͤ͜o

Í&#x; Ž‹’š‹•

4 Ž‹’š‹•


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Operation 2

South Facing Surface

’–‹Â?‹•‹Â?‰Ž‘…Â?ÇŚŽ‘…Â?”‡Žƒ–‹‘Â?•Š‹’

2.5 %

Original

5%

7.5 %

Operation 2

Operation 1 Flip in X - Axis Flip in Y - Axis Rotate 180 0

Non uniform Scale

 ÇŁ͜ǤÍ?ÍĄ

 ÇŁ͜ǤÍ?͢

 ÇŁ͜ǤÍ?ͤ

 ÇŁ͜Ǥ͜͞

Optimising semi public space : Sky view Height v/s Width ratio

Circulation Length

—ƒŽ‹–‹‡•ÂƒĆĄÂ‡Â…–‡†ǣ Â?›‹‡™ ƒ…–‘”Č‹ ČŒ

‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘� ”‰ƒ�‹œƒ–‹‘�

+ 2.5 %

+5%

+ 7.5 %

—ƒŽ‹–‹‡•”‡nj‘’–‹Â?‹•‡†ǣ ‹”…—Žƒ–‹‘Â?‡Â?‰–ŠČ‹ČŒ ‘—–Š ƒ…‹Â?‰—”ˆƒ…‡Č‹ ČŒ

Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘�•Š‹’

(Scaling on both sides)

Original

ÇŁÍĄÍĄÂ?

ÇŁÍĄÍŁÂ?

ÇŁÍĄÍĽÂ?

ÇŁ͢Í?Â?

—ƒŽ‹–‹‡•Â?‘–ÂƒĆĄÂ‡Â…Â–Â‡Â†ÇŁ ’‡Â?’ƒ…‡ƒ–‹‘Č‹ČŒ

Sky View Factor

Â?…Ž‘•—”‡ ƒ…–‘”Č‹ČŒ

Evaluation

Ž‘‘””‡ƒƒ–‹‘Č‹ ǤǤČŒ

(Scaling on both sides)

Original

- 2.5 %

-5%

- 7.5 %

�ˆ‘”�ƒŽ’‡†‡•–”‹ƒ��‡–™‘”�

Â‘Â†Â‹Ć¤Â…ÂƒÂ–Â‹Â‘Â?

�…”‡ƒ•‹�‰  ’–‹�‹•‹�‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”�

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍĄÍ˘

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍĄÍ

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤ÍĄÍž

 ÇŁÍœÇ¤Í ÍĽ


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Optimising semi public space ’–‹‹•‹‰Ž‘…ǦŽ‘…”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’

Operation 2

Operation 1 Flip in X - Axis Flip in Y - Axis Rotate 180 0

Non uniform Scale

Optimising semi public space : Sky view Height v/s Width ratio

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘ Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘ Section a - a’

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

Section b - b’


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Optimizing Height v/s Width ratio 4

5

’–‹‹•‹‰Ž‘…ǦŽ‘…”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ 3

6 6

Operation 2

Operation 1 Flip in X - Axis Flip in Y - Axis Rotate 180 0

Non uniform Scale

4

3

3

Optimising semi public space : Sky view

’–‹‘͝

4

3 4 4

4 2

4

4 2

5

4

3

4

3

6 6

’–‹‘͞

Height v/s Width ratio

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘ Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

…ƒŽ‹‰—’„—‹Ž†‹‰•


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Urban Infrastructure

Indiginous Settlement

š’‡”‹‡–•

Design Input Ž—•–‡” ‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

Ž‘…”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘

š’‡”‹‡–͝

Cluster Plot Distribution

š’‡”‹‡–͞ Block Selection †‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘ –”‡‡–ơ•‡– š’‡”‹‡–͟ Ž‘……ƒŽ‹‰

Fitness Criteria †Œƒ…‡–Ž‘…‡Žƒ–‹‘ Sky view Factor

Ž‘…†‰‡‘†‹–‹‘

Public Space Quality

Šƒ†‡†”‡ƒ

Solar Radiation

Šƒ†‡†”‡ƒ

Solar Radiation

Q Quality

Enclosure

Density Requirement

Enclosure

Cluster Density FAR

D Density


C LU S T E R G E N E R AT I O N Differential Weighting Individuals from block catalogue

Solar Radiation Šƒ†‡†”‡ƒ Enclosure

Q Quality

‘Â?Â?‡…–‹˜‹–›‘‰‹… ǤǤ Č‹Ž—•–‡”‡Â?Â•Â‹Â–Â›ČŒ

Q

Quality Options

Cluster 1

›’‘Ž‘‰›Í?

Weighting on Quality

ÍŁÍœĎ„

›’‘Ž‘‰›Íž‘”›’‘Ž‘‰›Í&#x; Í&#x;ÍœĎ„

D Q

Density

Ž—•–‡”Í?

‡�‡”ƒ–‹‘�

Individuals from block catalogue

Q

”‰ƒ�‹œƒ–‹‘�

D

Cluster 2

Sky View

Equal Weighting

Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘�•Š‹’

Q

Equally weighted Options

›’‘Ž‘‰›Íž ÍŁÍœĎ„

›’‘Ž‘‰›Í?‘”›’‘Ž‘‰›Í&#x; Í&#x;ÍœĎ„

D

Ž—•–‡”͞

Evaluation

�ˆ‘”�ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ�‡–™‘”�

Individuals from block catalogue

Â‘Â†Â‹Ć¤Â…ÂƒÂ–Â‹Â‘Â?

Density Options

Cluster 3

›’‘Ž‘‰›Í&#x;

Weighting on Density

�…”‡ƒ•‹�‰  ’–‹�‹•‹�‰’ƒ…‡• D

Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”�

D

Ž—•–‡”Í&#x;

ÍŁÍœĎ„

›’‘Ž‘‰›Í?‘”›’‘Ž‘‰›Íž Í&#x;ÍœĎ„


C L U S T E R L E V E L - E VA L U A T I O N Pedestrian Network ‡ˆ‡”‡…‡ˆ”‘ †‹‰‡‘—••‡––‹‰

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘ Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

͝ ‡–”ƒŽ‹œ‡†‡–™‘”’ƒ––‡”

͞ ‘–‹—‘—•”‹‰•–”‡‡–•


C LU S T E R L E V E L - M O D I F I C AT I O N

Individual Blocks

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

Aggregation

Cluster

0RGLŹFDWLRQ

”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘ Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

Increasing Global F.A.R

Optimising Semi Public Space

Elevated Network


C LU S T E R L E V E L - M O D I F I C AT I O N Increasing Global F.A.R a

a’

—‹Ž†‹‰…‘‡…–‹‘

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘

Section a - a’

”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘ Sky View ̼̼͜͝

Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

‘‡…–‹‰Ž‘…•


C LU S T E R L E V E L - M O D I F I C AT I O N Optimising Semi Public Space

Shaded Area Extracted from Case Study in Mumbai

’‡”ƒ–‹‘̼͝‘˜‡

͟͞τ

”‹‰‹ƒŽŽ‘…

’‡”ƒ–‹‘̼͞‘‹ˆ‘”…ƒŽ‡

‘†‹Ƥ‡†Ž‘…

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘ Sky View Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

‘†‹ˆ›‹‰’ƒ…‡•

15%

24%


C LU S T E R L E V E L - M O D I F I C AT I O N Elevated Network Semi Public Space

š

Semi Public Space

‡””ƒ…‡

y

š

Semi Public Space

‡””ƒ…‡

š

y

y

‡””ƒ…‡

‡‡”ƒ–‹‘ ”‰ƒ‹œƒ–‹‘

Š

Sky View ̼̼͜͞

Block-Block ‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ Evaluation

ˆ‘”ƒŽ‡†‡•–”‹ƒ‡–™‘”

‘†‹Ƥ…ƒ–‹‘

…”‡ƒ•‹‰  ’–‹‹•‹‰’ƒ…‡• Ž‡˜ƒ–‡†‡–™‘”

‘‡…–‹‰‘””‹†‘”•

‡‹—„Ž‹…’ƒ…‡Ǧ‡””ƒ…‡…‘‡…–‹‘ ‡””ƒ…‡Ǧ‡””ƒ…‡…‘‡…–‹‘


CLUSTER LEVEL Catalogue

Q

Q

D

D

Cluster 1

Cluster 2

Cluster 3

̼̼͜͝

̼̼͜͝

̼̼͜͠

 ͝Ǥ͞͝

 ͝Ǥ͡͝

 ͝Ǥͥ͜

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

̼̼͜͞

̼̼͜͟

̼̼ͣ͜

 ͝Ǥͤ͝

 ͝Ǥ͜͡

 ͝Ǥͥ͜

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

̼̼͜͟

̼̼͜͠

̼̼ͤ͜

 ͝Ǥ͞͝

 ͝Ǥͤ͠

 ͝Ǥͥ͢

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

̼̼͜͢

̼̼͜͝

̼̼͜͝

 ͝Ǥ͢͝

 ͝Ǥͥ͠

 ͞Ǥ͜͝

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠

Q

͡Ǥͥ͠


View of pedestrian street


View of pocket spaces


C O M PA R A T I V E A N A LY S I S

͜͝͡ ͥ͜

Ranwar Village_Mumbai ͞

ͥ͜

Urban Cluster_Mumbai ͞

Ž‘–”‡ƒǣ͟͞͞͡͝

Ž‘–”‡ƒǣͣͥ͡͠͝

‘˜‡”ƒ‰‡ƒ†‹—•ǣͥ͜

‘˜‡”ƒ‰‡ƒ†‹—•ǣ͜͝͡

Proposed Design Ž‘–”‡ƒǣͥ͜͝͠͝Ǧ͟͞͞͡͝͞ ‘˜‡”ƒ‰‡ƒ†‹—•ǣͥ͜


C O M PA R A T I V E A N A LY S I S φ͜͞

φ͜͝

φ͜

Cluster 3 Section _ Proposed Design

’‡’ƒ…‡Ȁ‡”•‘ȋ2Ȍ

͜͜͝͞ ͤ͜͜ ͜͜͠

͢͝Ǥ͜͜ ͝͞Ǥ͜͜ ͤǤ͜͜ ͠Ǥ͜͜ ͜

Samples

Samples

͝Ǥ͢͜ ͝Ǥ͜͞ ͜Ǥͤ͜ ͜Ǥ͜͠ ͜ Samples

͢͝τ ͝͞τ ͤτ ͠τ ͜ Samples

Sky View Factor ‹•‹„Ž‡•›ƒ”‡ƒȀ”‘Œ‡…–‡†ƒ”‡ƒ

Enclosure Value ͞Ǥ͜͜

Šƒ†‡†”‡ƒȀ˜‡”ƒŽŽƒ”‡ƒ

͢͜͜͝

͜

…Ž‘•‹‰•”ˆȀ…Ž‘•‡†•”ˆ

Shaded Area Proportion ͜͞τ

͜͜͜͞ ’‡’ƒ…‡Ȁ‡”•‘ȋ͞Ȍ

‘’—Žƒ–‹‘‡•‹–›ȋ’ȀŠƒȌ

‘’—Žƒ–‹‘‡•‹–›ȋ’ȀŠƒȌ

͝Ǥ͜͜

ƒ™ƒ”‹ŽŽƒ‰‡̼—„ƒ‹

͜Ǥͤ͜

Ž—•–‡”͝ ͜Ǥ͢͜

Ž—•–‡”͞ ͜Ǥ͜͠

Ž—•–‡”͟ ͜Ǥ͜͞

”„ƒŽ—•–‡” ͜ Samples


C O M PA R A T I V E A N A LY S I S φ͜͞

φ͜͝

φ͜

Cluster 3 Section _ Proposed Design ‡•‹–›…‘”‡ȋ Ȍ ͟Ǥ͜͡ ͟Ǥ͜͜

Quality Score

͞Ǥ͜͡

͞Ǥ͜͡

͞Ǥ͜͜

͞Ǥ͜͜

͝Ǥ͜͡

͝Ǥ͜͡

͝Ǥ͜͜

͝Ǥ͜͜

͜Ǥ͜͡

͜Ǥ͜͡

͜

͜ Samples

Enclosure Value Šƒ†‡†”‡ƒ”‘’‘”–‹‘

…‹†‡–‘Žƒ”ƒ†‹ƒ–‹‘ ›‹‡™ ƒ…–‘”ȋš͞Ȍ

Samples

ƒ™ƒ”‹ŽŽƒ‰‡̼—„ƒ‹ Ž—•–‡”͝ Ž—•–‡”͞ Ž—•–‡”͟ ”„ƒŽ—•–‡”


FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

Pedestrian Network

Vehicular Road


FURTHER DEVELOPMENT


FURTHER DEVELOPMENT


FURTHER DEVELOPMENT


Aerial view

Urban graft  

Urban Graft project addresses the phenomenon of decline in spatial qualities in developing countries due to rapid urbanisation. The proposal...

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