Scharf, E. R.; Silveira, A.
1. INTRODUCTION The current market requires that companies have prompt response and be intelligent to deal with the demands, under the threat of disappearing in a short time. The private security sector is an example: with the increasing audacity of criminals, a good preparation for the continuous and systematic implementation of innovations in readiness and prevention techniques is required, according to Brasiliano and Branco (2003). Changes in the scoundrels’ actions are constant and the value safeguarded by companies is known beforehand by them and consequently the intelligence and counterintelligence process becomes intense. Furthermore, as Bayley and Shearing (2001) inform, there is a strong pressure from insurance companies on organizations to hire specialized capital protection services. This reality leads to the need of knowledge production and maintenance for the success of business activities in this sector. Knowledge management is a process that creates, organizes and disseminates knowledge in the organization, facilitating and controlling access to knowledge in order to enable the company to have more agile actions. For Bukowitz and Williams (2002), it is the process by which an organization generates wealth. Therefore, the adoption of knowledge management in the private security sector imposes itself as necessary for the survival of the business. In this scenario, the study sought to identify the relevance of the actions taken by one of the leading companies of the private security market of Santa Catarina, with a specific study of the categories of 'knowledge', 'human capital', and 'innovation'. Proceeding from these categories, it also sought to assess the extent to which knowledge management is beneficial to the organizational activity of this sector. The theme dealt with is justified by its importance at the current moment in the entrepreneurial sphere, which requires innovative solutions and perfect harmony with regard to rendering services to the users, as a basis for the development and survival of the organizations. For Canongia et al (2004), the survival of a company depends, among other things, on the anticipation of changes and their consideration in the processes of defining organizational strategies. In the same way, knowledge management reveals itself as a contemporary theme, being of interest of the organizational strategy. In this respect, the questioning emerged: do private security companies, which depend directly on knowledge for the prevention and the wealth of individuals and property, adopt knowledge management as an organizational alternative in face of market competitiveness? 2. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT In the United States, the term knowledge management began to be used in the context of Artificial Intelligence in the late 80s. Researchers at ‘Digital Equipment Corporation’ tried to understand how learning could be improved by technology, while another group carried out research on Artificial Intelligence. A third group, advised by business consultants, started assessing the knowledge context in business management (WIIG, 1986). In Sweden, Sveiby developed the so called ‘competence-based strategy’, explained in the book The Know-How Company (1986). In 1990, he published Knowledge Management, possibly the first book with the term ‘knowledge JISTEM, Brazil Vol. 10, No.1, Jan/Apr 2013, pp. 21-40
First number of the 10th edition of the JISTEM (Journal of Information Systems and Technology)