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Extreme Long Shot - An extreme long shot is used to show a large amount of landscape around the character(s). This is also known as an establishing shot. It is when the camera is at its furthest distance from the subject.

Long Shot - A shot where the camera is or appears to be distant from the object to be photographed.

Medium Long Shot - medium long shot is a term used in cinematography. A Medium Long shot usually shows most of a person, typically head to knees. This gives you the opportunity to show some of the environment, but also allow multiple people to easily interact.

Medium Shot - a camera shot in which the subject is in the middle distance, permitting some of the background to be seen.


Medium Close Up - This shot allows the audience to feel like they are close enough to the subject to have a conversation with them.

Close up Shot - A photograph or a film or television shot in which the subject is tightly framed and shown at a relatively large scale.

Extreme Close Up - You would normally need a specific reason to get this close. It is too close to show general reactions or emotion except in very dramatic scenes.

One Shot – A shot of a single person, either interviewer or guest usually a mid-shot or tighter.


Two Shot – A medium or close-up camera shot of two people framed from the chest up.

Three Shot – Refers to a medium shot that contains three people.

Pan - Swing (a video or movie camera) in a horizontal or vertical plane, typically to give a panoramic effect or follow a subject.


Zoom In and Zoom Out- A function of the zoom lens wherein the focal length is varied from wide angle to telephoto (zoom in), thereby magnifying the object as the angle of view is narrowed--or vice versa (zoom out).

Dolly In - The dolly zoom is an unsettling in-camera effect that appears to undermine normal visual perception. It is part of many cinematic techniques used in filmmaking and television production.

Dolly Out – There are many types of camera movements you can use in order to establish


your scene or setting. A popular one is the dolly out, which often involves having your camera on a wheeled platform, and then moving it along a track. In professional set-ups, this means having a dolly grip, with your camera operator riding the platform. In guerilla, low-budget productions, you can make use of anything with wheels. The dolly shot can be achieved using a wheelchair, pushcart, office chair, and even a skateboard.

Truck - A photographic effect in which the camera is moved from one position of the set to another in order to change spatial relationship between the camera and the subject matter.

Arc - An arc shot is a camera move around the subject, somewhat like a tracking shot.


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