techcentury A PUBLICATION OF THE ENGINEERING SOCIETY OF DETROIT
V.22 | N.3 FALL 2017
CYBERSECURITY: at home, at work, at life
ESD Girls in Engineering Kicks Off
ESD Student Chapters: Encouraging Tomorrow’s Engineers
State of Michigan ‘Hacks’ Own Building
POSSIBLE is everyThing. Take charge of your career
with advanced engineering degrees and certificates from Lawrence Tech.
Learn more: ltu.edu/engineering
On July 18, ESD hosted engineering interns from MSU on a tour of American Axle, the largest such tour to date for MSU. Read on page 16 about how ESD’s Student Chapters are helping to shape the next generation of Michigan Engineers.
techcentury A PUBLICATION OF THE ENGINEERING SOCIETY OF DETROIT
3 PUBLICATION NOTES 4 PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE 6 MEMBERS IN THE NEWS 9 UPCOMING EVENTS 12 NEW CORPORATE MEMBER PROFILES 14 ESD CORPORATE MEMBERS
19 Cybersecurity Degrees Become Norm at Michigan Colleges 22 State of Michigan ‘Hacks’ Own Building—Greater Security for Employee Access Results
15 Supporting Girls in Engineering: New Program Kicks Off with First Summer Session 16 Engineering Our Future: Student Chapters Inspire Next Generation of Engineers
BY SUSAN THWING
BY SUSAN THWING
24 Ethics in Engineering: Ethics In Cybersecurity
BY SUSAN THWING
26 Playing Nice in Business
BY LINDA HAGAN
28 Making Sure the Lights Turn On
BY ALLISON MILLS
31 Cybersecurity Industries Work Together to Find Solutions
BY SUSAN THWING
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 1
University of Detroit Mercy’s College of Engineering & Science offers flexible Professional and Graduate programs that prepare engineers to become industry leaders and executives. Our programs blend theory and practice to prepare engineers for both Fortune 500 and midsize companies. Working professionals can obtain a respected, high-quality education that is conveniently offered and within your company’s tuition reimbursement plan. Advance your career with one of our Professional and Graduate programs including:
Graduate certificate programs • Advanced Electrical Vehicles (AEV) • Six Sigma Certification • Systems Engineering (SE)
Master’s programs • • • • • • • •
Major in Chemistry Civil Engineering Electrical & Computer Engineering Environmental Engineering Mechanical Engineering Product Development Software Engineering Technical Management
Automation Alley members receive a 50% discount on graduate tuition.
College of Engineering & Science 4001 W. McNichols Road Detroit, MI 48221-3038 email@example.com 800-635-5020 udmercy.edu/esd
techcentury V.22 I N3 FALL 2017
20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450 • Southfield, MI 48076 248–353–0735 • 248–353–0736 fax • firstname.lastname@example.org • www.esd.org
Technology Century Editorial Board
CHAIR: Karyn Stickel, Hubbell, Roth & Clark Jason Cerbin, Honeywell Energy Services Group Sandra Diorka, Delhi Charter Township Tom Doran, Hubbel, Roth & Clark (Retired) Utpal Dutta, PhD, University of Detroit Mercy Richard Hill, PhD, University of Detroit Mercy William A. Moylan, PhD, PMP, FESD, Eastern Michigan University John G. Petty, FESD, General Dynamics (Retired) Dan Romanchik Matt Roush, Lawrence Technological University Larry Sak, PE, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Michael Stewart, Fishman Stewart Intellectual Property Filza H. Walters, Lawrence Technological University Cyrill Weems, Plante Moran CRESA Anne Williams, Baker College Yang Zhao, PhD, Wayne State University
ESD Board of Directors
PRESIDENT: Douglas E. Patton, FESD, DENSO International America, Inc. VICE PRESIDENT: Daniel E. Nicholson, General Motors Company TREASURER: Steven E. Kurmas, PE, FESD, DTE Energy SECRETARY: Robert Magee, The Engineering Society of Detroit IMM. PAST PRESIDENT: Kouhaila G. Hammer, CPA, Ghafari Associates, LLC MEMBERS AT LARGE: Larry Alexander, Detroit Metro Convention and Visitors Bureau
Katherine M. Banicki, FESD, Testing Engineers and Consultants Michael D. Bolon, FESD, General Dynamics Land Systems (Retired) Patrick J. Devlin, Michigan Building Trades Council Michael J. Cairns, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Robert A. Ficano, JD, Wayne County Community College District Farshad Fotouhi, PhD, Wayne State University Alec D. Gallimore, PhD, University of Michigan Lori Gatmaitan, SAE Foundation Malik Goodwin, Goodwin Management Group, LLC Ronald R. Henry, AIA, NCARB, Beaumont Health Marc Hudson, Rocket Fiber Alex F. Ivanikiw, AIA, LEED AP, Barton Malow Company Ali Jammoul, Ford Motor Company Leo C. Kempel, PhD, Michigan State University Scott Penrod, Walbridge Bill Rotramel, AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. Kirk T. Steudle, PE, FESD, Michigan Department of Transportation William J. Vander Roest, PE, ZF TRW (Retired) Lewis N. Walker, PhD, PE, FESD, Madonna University Terry J. Woychowski, FESD, Link Engineering Company
Technology Century Staff
PUBLISHER: Robert Magee, Executive Director CREATIVE DIRECTOR: Nick Mason, Director of Operations EDITOR: Susan Thwing GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Keith Cabrera-Nguyen
Technology Century (ISSN 1091-4153 USPS 155-460), also known as TechCentury, is published four times per year by The Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD), 20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450, Southfield, MI 48076. Periodical postage paid at Southfield, MI, and at additional mailing offices. The authors, editors, and publisher will not accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made in this publication. The publisher makes no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein. Advertisements in TechCentury for products, services, courses, and symposia are published with a caveat emptor (buyer beware) understanding. The authors, editors, and publisher do not imply endorsement of products, nor quality, validity or approval of the educational material offered by such advertisements.
NOTES Karyn Stickel Associate, Hubbell, Roth & Clark
Greetings to all ESD members and readers of TechCentury. I am excited to be serving as the new Chair of the Editorial Board of TechCentury and hope to follow in my predecessor’s footprints and continue to build up the publication to provide on point coverage of the many issues affecting the engineering industry in southeast Michigan and beyond. The publication owes its success to the important contributions of the ESD staff, the members of the Editorial Board and Board of Directors, and to the leadership of Gary Kuleck, Tom Doran, and the previous chairs. I am honored to be following in their footsteps. This issue of TechCentury focuses on cyber safety and defense. As technology improves, there are definite benefits to our lives. This issue features our third installment of our Grand Challenge for Engineering series. We also have articles featuring the cyber safety with the state of Michigan’s recent test on hacking and Michigan Tech’s electrical grid cybersecurity research. The issue also features an article on the emerging degree/engineering field of cyber defense. These stories represent the growing field of cybersecurity in our city and state. We also introduce you to some of our ESD Student Chapters. I encourage you to participate in these organizations as students, mentors and event organizers. These young people are the next generation of engineers. I hope you enjoy this issue, and find the articles informative and enlightening.
Subscriptions to TechCentury are available to nonmembers for $25 per year. ©2017 The Engineering Society of Detroit
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 3
ESD President’s Message
PREPARATION IS KEY
o put the following into perspective, one of the hats I wear at DENSO North America is as CISO (Chief Information Security Officer). This may be a new title to some, but it is quickly becoming an important part of every business, and cybersecurity is an essential factor of the job. When most people think of cybersecurity their first thought always turns to its direct financial impact (your bank account) in both private and business sectors. This is obviously the most direct impact a cybersecurity breach can affect, and it is critical to protect against. In the automotive business, the primary concern regarding cybersecurity is preventing someone from hacking a vehicle and causing personal injury. This too is a very important issue. However, there are many other cyber threats that are not so noticeable or frequently discussed, yet are equally as important. Intellectual property is one that always comes to my mind first, as we must protect the technology in our products and manufacturing systems. Until the WannaCry virus shut down the Honda plant in Japan a few months ago, the importance of manufacturing process security was not well publicized. I am certain that there are many other incidents like this, smaller in nature, that occur on a daily basis but also are not publicized. These instances can affect production machines, your supply channel (order releases) or just simple electronic communication. If you have not considered cybersecurity in your business and have had no negative incidences, you are very fortunate. However, it is time that everyone consider these possibilities and take action to mitigate these risks. There are some very simple steps that can be taken: making sure your anti viruses definitions are up-to-date and establishing a firewall between office and plant environments. When that is not possible, prevent plant equipment from connecting to the internet all together. This is especially critical on machines/lines that have computers with operating systems that are no longer supported, such as Windows XP. We cannot predict what, where, how or when the next WannaCry virus will be released, but all organizations are potential victims to these threats. Not necessarily as a direct intentional attack on your organization, but as an attack on society. We all need to be prepared.
Douglas Patton, FESD President, The Engineering Society of Detroit Executive Vice President & CTO, DENSO International America, Inc.
4 | TechCentury | FALL 2017
Join the DENSO team for an opportunity to impact the future of mobility. As a leading automotive supplier, we design, develop and manufacture advanced systems, technologies and components for the global automotive industry.
drive innovation Find your next career opportunity CONNECT WITH US DENSO in North America Linkedin.com/company/denso www.densocareers.com
Quality. Teamwork. Diversity. Growth. Culture. Pride.
ESD Members in the News
Four Ruby Professionals Gain Engineering Licensure Four professionals at Bingham Farms-based Ruby+Associates, Inc. have passed the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) Exam and have obtained professional engineering licensure from the state of Michigan licensing board. Katrin Bosch, Tim Francisco, Bethanie Rider and Marinna Plinka took the PE civil structural exam in April 2017, and received the positive results from the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) in June 2017. The four now hold active license status with Michigan’s Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.
Ruby+Associates is a constructability-focused structural engineering firm dedicated to serving the construction industry. The firm’s clients are top builders, constructors, fabricators, erectors and industrial contractors, as well as leading architectural and engineering firms. Ruby provides construction engineering, erection engineering, building design, heavy lift engineering, design/detail and connection design services. For more information on Ruby+Associates, please visit the firm’s website at www.rubyandassociates.com.
Tomorrow’s Engineers: Baker Stem Camp Welcomes Budding Scientists
DENSO to Expand in Southfield
Baker College’s Clinton Township campus hosted 20 local girls, ages 12-14, at an August Girls STEM Camp. The young scientists received hands–on experience with a variety of STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) projects including robots, drones and cyber defense. Campers built a drone, drove a robot and learned about cybersecurity, cyberdefense and STEM-related careers. The girls attend schools in the Warren and Mount Clemens areas. Baker College faculty and staff led the sessions. ESD Corporate Members are encouraged to submit news releases to be included in the “In the News” section of TechCentury. Please contact Susan Thwing at email@example.com.
6 | TechCentury | FALL 2017
The Japanese auto supplier DENSO will spend $75 million on an expansion of its North American headquarters in Southfield, DENSO International America Inc. The company said it would add 120 jobs over the next three years as part of the expansion. The Southfield investment will expand and renovate research and development facilities, with a focus on automotive safety, cybersecurity and autonomous vehicles. Among the renovations, DENSO will expand its testing facilities and add new test equipment. In the past five years, DENSO has expanded its Southfield footprint by 44 percent with the purchase of two additional buildings and a vehicle test strip to support sales and engineering R&D activities. DENSO said it would work with the Michigan Economic Development Corp. to attract and train skilled workers, and identify support opportunities through programs like Michigan Works! DENSO founded DENSO International America in 1985 as the parent company for its North American operations. Since then, it has grown to seven buildings in Southfield housing design and production engineering, technical support, sales and finance functions.
ESD Members in the News LTU to Research Autonomous Taxi Lawrence Technological University students have begun the research and development of an autonomous campus taxi. Donations for the project came from Hyundai MOBIS, the parts and service division of the Korean automaker, which donated $15,000 for the purchase of a Polaris GEM e2 two-seat electric vehicle. Dataspeed Inc., a Rochester Hills engineering firm specializing in mobile robotics and autonomous vehicle technology, converted the vehicle to an autonomous drive-by-wire system. Also donating to the effort were Ann Arbor high-tech firms— Soar Technology Inc., which provided a LIDAR (laser-based radar) unit to help the vehicle find its way and Realtime Technologies Inc., a simulation technology firm, provided a cash donation.
LTU computer science students developed software to make the car operate autonomously and took first place in the new Spec 2 division of the Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition, held at Oakland University last June. The Spec 2 competition required multiple self-driving vehicle functions such as lane following, lane change, traffic sign detection, obstacle avoidance, and left turns. After winning at IGVC, team members began reprogramming the vehicle to serve as an autonomous taxi on the LTU campus. Now rechristened ACT, an acronym for Autonomous Campus Transport/Taxi, the university is planning to introduce Level 3 autonomy with the vehicle—allowing both hands and eyes off the road— by August 2018.
ESD Members Venture Out
On August 25, ESD members set out on foot for a guided engineering-focused members-only tour of the city, highlighting both history and development. The tour is part of a series of social events that the Society is hosting for members to meet each other in different venues across the region. Special thanks to Dr. Khalid Mirza, Visiting Assistant Professor & Director, Chrysler Advanced Robotics Laboratory, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Oakland University for photographing the tour. See all of his tour photos online at www.esd.org. The tour group at the Guardian building
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 7
OCTOBER 3O COBO CENTER
DETROIT â€¢ MI
Experts from across the globe Best Practices Emerging Trends Thought Leaders
HOSTED BY MICHIGAN GOVERNOR RICK SNYDER www.michigan.gov/cybersecurity
ESD Upcoming Events PASS YOUR FIRST TIME! Professional Engineer Licensing Exam Review Courses LEARNING AND CAREER ENHANCEMENT
2-Hour Educational Classes
ESD’s new, two-hour courses are designed for individuals seeking to enhance their personal and professional growth or earn continuing education hours. Upcoming classes include: October 9—Patent Searching for the Inventor/Engineer October 16—Infrastructure Facts and Fiction, Challenges and Opportunities October 23—Mass Reduction and Light Weighting October 25—Building Water Health October 30—Everyday Acoustics and Noise Issues Cost to ESD Members: $50 per course, complimentary for ESD Fellows. Cost to Non-Members: $75 per course. Cost to students: $25 per course. For class descriptions and presenter information visit www.esd.org or contact Elana Shelef at firstname.lastname@example.org or 248-353-0735, ext. 119.
PE Continuing Education Classes
Need continuing education hours by October 31 for your PE license renewal? Check out ESD’s continuing education classes. These instructor-led, three and four-hour courses are taught by academic and industry professionals. All courses are held in the evening on Tuesdays and Thursdays, and in the morning and afternoon on Saturdays at ESD in Southfield. Cost to ESD Members: $100 per four-hour course, $75 per three-hour course. Cost to Non-Members: $125 per three-hour course, $100 per three-hour course. To register, visit www.esd.org or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or email@example.com
FE/PE Information Session
November 9, 2017 ESD is hosting a complimentary session on earning your PE license. Engineering professionals will answer your questions and get you started on your path to licensure. The session will cover: •• Why you should consider becoming a PE •• State exam registration deadlines, requirements and processes •• Recommended study materials and steps for preparing for the exams •• Real-life experiences of PE’s who have taken the exam and passed The session is noon—1:00 p.m. at ESD Headquarters in Southfield. Lunch is provided. It is complimentary, but preregistration is required. For more details or to register, visit www.esd.org or contact Elana Shelef at 248-353-0735, ext. 119.
Since 1941, The Engineering Society of Detroit has successfully prepared thousands of candidates for the State licensing exam in a variety of disciplines ranging from civil and environmental to mechanical and electrical engineering. You’ll learn in a small classroom-like setting from instructors who have first-hand knowledge of the course material. Let our 70-plus years of experience help prepare you to pass the exam on your first try. FE REVIEW COURSE Tuesdays & Thursdays, January 23–March 29, 2018 For candidates planning to take the CBT Exam, classes are held Tuesdays and Thursdays from 6-9 p.m., with additional Saturday classes for civil and mechanical. The Saturday session starts in February. Participants will be provided a schedule PE REVIEW COURSE Saturdays, February 10– March 17, 2018 This course of 24 hours of instruction, on six half-day Saturday sessions, focusing on problem solving techniques needed for the exam. The civil course meets 8:30 a.m.—12:30 p.m. Mechanical, environmental and electrical power courses meet 1—5 p.m. The state exam dates are April 13, 2018 and October 26, 2018. For more information or to register for a review course, visit www.esd.org or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 9
ESD Upcoming Events OCTOBER 3O COBO CENTER
DETROIT • MI
North American International Cyber Summit Hosted by Governor Rick Snyder
Monday, October 30, 2017 The North American International Cyber Summit 2017, hosted by Michigan Governor Rick Snyder, will bring together experts from across the globe to address a variety of cybersecurity issues impacting the world. The event will showcase internationally recognized speakers as well as experts from around the country to lead featured breakout sessions on industry topics such as business, economic development, defense, healthcare, automotive, finance, and more. The conference will take place at the COBO Center in Detroit. Cost to attend is $74. (A discount rate of $49 is available to students and members of several organizations.) For more information or to register, visit www.michigan.gov/ cybersummit.
Future City Mentors and Judges Needed
Competition Day: Monday, January 22, 2018 Inspire middle school students through the Michigan Regional Future City Competition, a projectbased learning program where students work as a team with an educator and volunteer mentor to design a city of the future! MENTORS: Spend an hour or two a week between now and January coaching and advising a team. Share real-life experiences, offer technical guidance, and help translate academic concepts to the real-world of engineering and design. JUDGES: Draw on your expertise to evaluate our team’s efforts. Judges are needed for: 1. Virtual City Design—Students design a virtual city using SimCity software. Judging happens in December and early January. 2. City Essay—The 1,500-word essays will be judged in December and January. 3. Model and Team Presentation— Attend competition day, January 22, 2018, and evaluate the physical models and oral presentations. To volunteer as a mentor, contact Allison Marrs at email@example.com or 248-353-0735, ext. 121. To volunteer as a judge, contact Leslie Smith at firstname.lastname@example.org or 248-353-0735, ext. 152.
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HONORS & AWARDS
ESD Honor Awards and Scholarships Submission Deadline: February 21, 2018
OUTSTANDING YOUNG ENGINEER OF THE YEAR This award recognizes a young professional under 35 who has distinguished him/herself in the engineering community. Criteria include education, work experience, and community activities. Applicants must be members of ESD. OUTSTANDING STUDENT ENGINEER OF THE YEAR This award recognizes an undergraduate student who has distinguished him/herself in the engineering community. Criteria include academic background, extracurricular activities, and employment. Winner(s) receive a $1,000 scholarship. OUTSTANDING HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT OF THE YEAR This award recognizes a graduating high school senior. To be considered, applicants must have a least a 3.0 GPA, plan on pursuing a career in the field of engineering or the life sciences, and participate in volunteer activities. Winner(s) receive a $1,000 scholarship. Awards will be presented at the ESD Annual Dinner in June. Applications and full criteria can be found at www.esd.org. For questions, contact Sue Ruffner at 248-353-0735, ext. 117, or email@example.com.
ESD Upcoming Events 44th Annual ESD Construction & Design Awards
ESD Fellows gathered to welcome new inductees into the ESD College of Fellows at the Annual Dinner in June. The nomination deadline for the College of Fellows is February 28, 2018.
ESD College of Fellows
Nomination Deadline: February 28, 2018 Once again, it is time to nominate ESD members for the prestigious rank of Fellows. Election to the rank of Fellow is one of the highest recognitions that ESD can bestow on one of its members. Candidates must be ESD members in good standing for the past five years. Candidates should possess outstanding and extraordinary qualifications and experiences in his or her profession as evidenced by accomplishments in the following major areas: technical achievement, professional achievement, and ESD service/leadership. Additional qualifications include professional society service and leadership accomplishment in the following areas: honors/awards, publication/patents, academic service/leadership, and community service/leadership. Please help us seek out and recognize the true engineering leaders within ESD by submitting applications by February 28, 2018. Forms and instructions can be found on ESD’s website at www.esd.org. For more, contact Heather Lilley at firstname.lastname@example.org or 248-353-0735, ext. 120.
TechCentury Image Award
Entry Deadline: February 28, 2018 TechCentury is an awardwinning publication of The Engineering Society of Detroit that has been serving the needs of engineers and technical professionals since 1939. Published four times a year and online, the magazine covers a multitude of technical topics. The TechCentury Image Award is intended to recognize individuals who have promoted, publicized and enhanced the engineering and technical professions to the public-at-large through public engagement, mentoring, public speaking, authoring articles, and other publicly visible activities. Nominees do not have to be ESD members. Nominators must be ESD Members. Nominations are due by February 28, 2018. The award will be presented at the ESD Annual Dinner held in June. Nomination requirements and additional information can be found at www.esd.org or contact Susan Thwing at email@example.com.
Entry Deadline: February 28, 2018 ESD’s Construction and Design Awards are unique in that they honor the three primary members of the building team—owners, designers, and constructors—and recognize outstanding team achievement and innovative use of technology. Submissions are being accepted from project teams composed of owner, designer and constructor. At least one of the primary members of the project team must be a member of The Engineering Society of Detroit. For more information on submission criteria and how to submit entries, visit www.esd.org or contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 248-353-0735, ext. 152.
SAVE THE DATE 28TH ANNUAL SOLID WASTE TECHNICAL CONFERENCE (4/11) AND TRAINING DAY (4/12) April 11 & 12, 2018 DTE/ESD ENERGY CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION May 8, 2018 ESD ANNUAL GOLF OUTING June 4, 2018 Visit www.esd.org for information on upcoming programs.
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 11
New Corporate Member Profiles CORE DESIGN GROUP: RESPONSIVE EXPERTISE Core Design Group, located in Wixom, Michigan, primarily operates in the architectural engineering industry within the engineering, accounting, research, and management services sector. In business for approximately eight years, the company prides itself on being a “team that works together and sticks together for the benefit of our clients and their projects as well as for the success of our company and the sustainability of our environment.” President Dean Cushman says “Our experienced staff are experts in the field. They are responsive and have the diversified knowledge to allow for individualized processes for the entire project.” Experience is key at Core Design. Cushman, a graduate of Ferris State and Lawrence Technological University, has a more than 20-year background in architectural detailing and design. He partners with Clark Adams, a graduate of the University of Wisconsin with more than 30 years of experience in electrical engineering and facilities maintenance, and Frank Schwarzkopg, a University of Michigan graduate with
30 years on the job in structural engineering analysis and design. Cushman describes the company, which specializes in heavy industrial, healthcare Tier One and OEMs, as relationship-based. “This is one of our three CORE values, and it means that we partner with our clients to develop long-term relationships with them, get to know their businesses and objectives on a deep level and advocate for their interests as our own, and help them grow,” he says. Recent projects include work for Consumer’s Energy, Detroit Diesel and General Motors. Core Design offers services in architecture planning, and civil, mechanical, electrical and structural engineering. For more on Core Design, visit coredg.net.
COLLIERS INTERNATIONAL HAS GLOBAL REACH With 150 employees in four Michigan locations (Grand Rapids, Holland, Detroit and Ann Arbor), Colliers International is a global enterprise with the ability to leverage the expertise of thousands of professionals on behalf of clients. Colliers International is a full service firm, offering a “soup-to-nuts” solution for all facets of commercial real estate. “We offer brokerage services, property tax appeal, project management, appraisal, consulting, and property management across all the business lines and sectors of the commercial real estate industry,” Peter McGrath, Associate, says. “While our team is based in Metro Detroit, we are able to service their real estate requirement on a global basis because of our colleagues in other markets,” says Greg Bockart, Senior Vice President. “Because of our global footprint, we have a global enterprise of local experts and use this expertise to drive successful outcomes for our clients. We have closed deals in Grand Rapids, Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina, South Africa, Mexico, China, and many other markets—all because of the ‘boots on the ground’ that we have in those markets backing us up.” 12 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2017
Bockart explains that “the global footprint also helps us produce better and more comprehensive market research. Our company takes pride in our research capabilities, and these capabilities simply are not available if your company does not think globally. This helps our company stay on top of trends, and we believe it is a key differentiator between ourselves and our competitors.” The Colliers team represents tenants and occupiers—generally organizations that have real estate requirements, but are not necessarily in the real estate business. “As user representatives, we utilize our expertise, experience, market research capabilities and knowledge, and negotiation skills to ensure tenants and occupiers achieve positive outcomes at the negotiating table.” For more on Colliers, visit www.colliers.com.
New Corporate Member Profiles HNTB CELEBRATES 25 YEARS IN MICHIGAN In July of this year, HNTB Corporation celebrated its 25th anniversary of shaping infrastructure in Michigan. HNTB is an employee-owned infrastructure solutions firm serving public and private owners and contractors. With more than a century of service, HNTB addresses clients’ complex technical, financial and operational challenges. This more than 100-year-old company entered the Michigan arena when in Lansing, its six-member staff worked to support design services for the Michigan Department of Transportation, including the Berrien County US-31 Freeway Relocation project. The firm has grown to employ more than 100 professionals in four office locations throughout Michigan who help play a role in planning and delivering high-profile transportation infrastructure projects across the state and around the country. “What began as a small design office serving a handful of projects and clients has grown into a full-service practice shaping the communities we live in, from helping create new public transit options
MEDA GROUP IS CUSTOMER-FOCUSED With offices in Ontario, Canada, Michigan and Texas, MEDA (Modern Engineering Design Associates) Limited was founded in 1970, and offers two core business units: consulting and engineering services and technical and professional staffing. Focusing on the civil/structural, mechanical/ automotive, industrial/manufacturing and research and development fields, experts in many disciplines of engineering make up the MEDA team. All involved are dedicated to providing positive customer service and deliver solutions within budget and on time. “We are customer-focused and take pride in meeting exact client needs,” says David Lawn, President of MEDA Group of Companies. “We work continually to improve to ensure we are always providing maximum value to our clients.” MEDA first develops a working knowledge of our clients’ businesses in an effort to maximize the results. “From engineering services to professional and technical recruiting, MEDA works hard to keep the lines of communication open with both our field employees and clients to maintain efficiency, coordination and progress on all projects,” the website says.
to overseeing development and deployment of our state’s most significant infrastructure projects,” says Eric Morris, PE, Michigan office leader and vice president. “Building trust and long-term relationships with our Michigan clients is how the firm consistently serves the region with technically innovative, meaningful work that has helped shape multimodal infrastructure.” HNTB has served as prime design consultant for multiple freeway reconstruction projects in metro Detroit, including the award-winning I-75 Ambassador Bridge Gateway Project; provided construction oversight services for the North Terminal redevelopment project at Detroit Metropolitan Airport; developed a master plan for the Regional Transit Authority of Southeast Michigan; and served as owner’s representative for M-1 RAIL’s QLINE, the first operating streetcar system in Detroit since 1956. Additionally, HNTB’s Michigan practice is committed to partnering with and mentoring disadvantaged business enterprises. HNTB’s Partners Program has provided business opportunities for DBEs, local schools and communities since 2009. For more information on HNTB, please visit www.hntb.com. MEDA is also highly involved in product research. “One of the projects we are currently working on is a new composite for structural repair; it can outperform steel because it is non-conductive, lighter and doesn’t corrode,” Lawn says. “This material has the potential to extend the lifecycle of infrastructure, which ultimately reduces the costs to infrastructure owners. Many municipalities have a large inventory of crumbling infrastructure. MEDA’s research also focuses on the rehabilitation of existing structures to help extend the lifespan and reduce budget costs for municipalities. MEDA, which specializes in manufacturing/ process engineering, is working with researchers to develop lightweighting techniques for automotive parts application. MEDA in-house research facilities have supported other research projects at the University of Windsor and St. Clair College. Other successes include: structural analysis and design of structural fortifications for towers, signs, and roofs; bridge analysis and rehabilitation; and advanced concrete design for specialized applications. Lawn says MEDA engineers also work with universities to involve students in research in order to support the next generation of engineers. For more information on MEDA Group, visit www.medagroup.com. www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 13
THANK YOU TO ESD’S SUSTAINING AND CORPORATE MEMBER COMPANIES
Ford Motor Company
SUSTAINING MEMBER BENEFIT PARTNERS:
AKT Peerless Environmental Services Altair Engineering American Axle Manufacturing American Center for Educational & Professional Services American Society of Employers Aristeo Construction AVL North America The Bartech Group Barton Malow Company Brightwing Central Michigan University Chrysan Industries Citizens Insurance Clark Hill, PLC CMS Enterprises Comfort Engineering Solutions, LLC Construction Association of Michigan Cornerstone Environmental Group, LLC CPCII Credit Union ONE CulturecliQ Danlaw, Inc. DASI Solutions DENSO International America, Inc. Detroit Metro Convention & Visitors Bureau Detroit Transportation Corporation Dow Chemical Company DTE Energy DTE Energy Gas Operations Dürr Systems, Inc. Eastern Michigan University Education Planning Resources, Inc. Electrical Resources Company Electro-Matic Products, Inc. Energy Sciences Experis Farbman Group Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Financial One, Inc. FirstMerit Bank Fishman Stewart Yamaguchi PLLC Ford Motor Company Fusion Welding Solutions Gala & Associates, Inc.
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Gates Corporation GDH General Dynamics General Motors Company Gensler George W. Auch Company Ghafari Associates, LLC Glenn E. Wash & Associates, Inc. Golder Associates Inc. Gonzalez Contingent Workforce Services GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc. Harley Ellis Devereaux Hartland Insurance Group, Inc. Hindsight Consulting, Inc. Hubbell, Roth & Clark, Inc. The Hunter Group LLC IBI Group Ideal Contracting Integrity Staffing Group, Inc. ITT Technical Institute Canton ITT Technical Institute Dearborn IBEW Local 58 & NECA LMCC Jervis B. Webb Company JNA Partners, Inc. Jozwiak Consulting, Inc. JTL America, Inc. Kettering University Kitch Drutchas Wagner Valitutti & Sherbrook, PC Knovalent, Inc. Kolene Corporation Kostal North America Kugler Maag CIE North America Lake Superior State University Lawrence Technological University LHP Software Limbach Company, Inc. Link Engineering Co. LTI Information Technology Macomb Community College Maner, Costerisan & Ellis, PC Makino McNaughton-McKay Electric Company Meritor MICCO Construction Michigan Regional Council of Carpenters
Michigan State University Michigan Technological University Midwest Steel Inc. Monroe Environmental Corporation Myron Zucker, Inc. Neumann/Smith Architecture Newman Consulting Group, LLC NORR Architects Engineers Planners Northern Industrial Manufacturing Corp. NTH Consultants, Ltd. O’Brien and Gere Oakland University Optech LLC Orbitak International, LLC Original Equipment Suppliers Association Pure Eco Environmental Solutions R.L. Coolsaet Construction Co. ROWE Professional Services Company Rumford Industrial Group Ruby+Associates, Inc. SEGULA Technologies Saginaw Valley State University Special Multi Services Talascend, LLC Testing Engineers & Consultants Thermal-Netics TRANE Commercial Systems Troy Chamber of Commerce Trialon TRW Automotive Turner Construction Co. UBS Financial Services— Lott Sheth Farber Group Universal Weatherstrip & Bldg. Supply University of Detroit Mercy University of Michigan University of Michigan-Dearborn U.S. Farathane Corporation voxeljet America Inc. Wade-Trim Walbridge Walker-Miller Energy Services, LLC Wayne State University Western Michigan University Whitehall Industries
www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 14
SUPPORTING GIRLS IN ENGINEERING
New Program Kicks Off with First Summer Session
hirty-five fifth grade girls recently participated in the first leg of The Girls in Engineering Academy (GEA), a pilot project created and funded by The Engineering Society of Detroit to encourage girls to pursue a career in engineering. The purpose of GEA is to improve academic achievement and increase interest in engineering topics and careers among underrepresented girls; and to decrease the gender gap that negatively impacts these girls’ successful matriculation through the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education pipeline and into STEM careers, particularly into engineering. Program manager Gerald Thompkins, PhD, says the gender disparity is disconcerting. “Nationally 70,000 students receive engineering degrees each year. If you break it down by gender, only 19,000 are women. If you look at that demographically, 2200 are Hispanic and only 850-900 are African American,” Thompkins says, citing statistics from the National Science Foundation’s latest data (2012 through 2014). “We realized we need to do something to ameliorate the lack of females going into engineering.” “We chose fifth grade girls because when boys and girls enter school, their academic interests are relatively similar. But as they progress through the grades, by the time girls reach middle school, their interest in math and science significantly has decreased. Boys seem to continue their interest and
it very well could be because if you look at textbooks, most science illustrations, etc., have males leading the activity,” he adds. “We want to reach girls at this critical age.” The recently completed summer program is just part of the experience. Applications for the GEA were gathered in early 2017. Originally 30 girls were to be selected, however “The applications were overwhelming—parents really wanted their girls to be a part of this—so we increased participation to 35 students,” says Thompkins. This first summer program engaged students over a four- week period, with the GEA providing math and science enrichment; English/ Language Arts; hands-on project-based STEM activities; life skills development; mentoring; pre-college experiences; and engineering career exploration. The GEA will continue during the academic year, and again in the summers, over the next three years.
The selected students will meet every other Saturday for three-hour sessions. Students will continue to learn about various engineering disciplines and careers. Students will also focus on STEM activities to reinforce concepts learned over the summer. Thompkins says the summer program was, and will be, intensive. “The girls worked on many projects, including building a K’NEX roller coaster from scratch. To build it they needed to learn principles of physics, velocity and more,” he says. “They also worked on arduino, websites and studied pre-algebra to prepare for high school and beyond.” The instructors are all female undergraduate engineering students, committed to supporting the next generation of female engineers, Thompkins says. “It’s truly a hands-on experience for the girls, with female role models who are studying, working in and enjoying the field helping them along the way.”
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ENGINEERING OUR FUTURE Student Chapters Inspire Next Generation of Engineers By Susan Thwing
successful, rewarding career in engineering starts way before the degree is conferred and that first job secured. Participation as a student in hands-on work life experiences, meeting professionals in the field, and traversing the multitude of engineering options, are essential firsts. Fortunately, the Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD) has ESD Student Chapters at a number of Michigan colleges and universities dedicated to helping up-andcoming engineers dig deep into their interests, skills and the resulting possibilities.
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“Through the student chapters we provide the support students need to succeed in engineering school, and make smooth transitions to meaningful careers in Michigan,” says Robert Magee, Executive Director at ESD. “The chapters provide mentorship, connections to our corporate membership and real-world learning experiences.” Magee says ESD’s focus is Michigan-centric, yet far-reaching in student interest. “We are a 123-year-old Michigan-focused organization. For students, we start reaching out to
young people in middle school with our Future City program and continue that support through the college years with student chapters” he explains. “What makes us unique is that we have members in all disciplines of engineering—mechanical, biomedical, chemical— whatever the interest of the student. “Combine this with the relationships we have with our corporate partners and members, with the university deans, and with businesses growing Michigan, and the students have endless opportunities to carve out their most beneficial and rewarding path,” he explains. A realistic picture of an engineering career, and the impact the individual can make as an engineer, is key. “We make the connection from what is taught in the classroom to what is possible in the workplace. Engineers take the science learned in the classroom and use it to solve problems in the real world. Through time spent with corporate mentors, students are able to begin comprehending the relevance and important of that connection,” he says.
David Roland Finley, dean of the School of Engineering and ESD Student Chapter mentor at Lake Superior State University (LSSU), says student chapters are a great opportunity to “build a community and network within the industry, making connections that might not otherwise be afforded to them...At LSSU we are up here in Sault Ste Marie making connections for students down in Automation Alley in metro Detroit and the I-96 corridor—Having a campus-based chapter of ESD helps garner those connections for students in their own hometowns and beyond.” Uniquely, LSSU has a Living Learning Community House focusing on engineering where students from the field can apply to live. About 20 of the university’s 200 engineering students reside in the row house, which was built in the early 1900s. This immersion in the field—whether through community living or student chapter activities—is essential to honing in on the right degree focus.
LaTonya Waller, who received a bachelor’s degree of science in chemistry from Norfolk State University and a master’s of science in civil and environmental engineering from Wayne State University in December 2016, says she “became involved in the ESD student chapter because I wanted to contribute to the engineering student body and make a difference. At the time, the WSU ESD student chapter had been inactive for two years and I wanted to make it come alive for myself and other engineering students. I also wanted to be connected to a network with over 70 engineering, scientific and technical societies in southeast Michigan. Most of all I wanted guidance in my career path and at the same time to promote math and science and foster the growth of tomorrow’s engineers and scientists.” She says it is important to participate in an organization like this because, “unlike the other engineering student organizations, ESD offers professional development such as resume critiquing, mock interviews, ‘How to LinkedIn’ seminars, the opportunity to attend an entrepreneurial start up career fair, networking with hundreds of former engineering alumni and practice/ training for the professional engineers exam as well as the fundamentals of engineering exam,” she explains. “By joining the WSU ESD student chapter, students get informed on the industry’s trends which will only help them in the long run. Students also get the opportunity to develop their skills as a leader.”
Luke Popiel is a past president of the WSU chapter who now works in systems engineering testing at General Motors. He says being part of an ESD student chapter helped him narrow down his interests in a “very big field.” “As a student you can get kind of lost in this huge field. But via student organizations, you can talk to mentors or other students to determine what is best for you. You can join forces with your peers to learn, listen and experience. When I look back on my professional growth, I know that if I hadn’t participated in the student chapter, and made those connections, I wouldn’t have met the people who have made such a difference in my career,” he says. Ian Eickholdt, a member from Central Michigan University (CMU), says one of the highlights of his student chapter experience was a recent tour of the 2017 North American Auto Show hosted by Denso International America. While there, he met leadership representatives at Ford Motor Company which led to an internship with the company. “Student chapters place you face-to-face with corporate leadership who can show you the real world aspects of the business as well as open you up to great opportunities,” he says. “When you’re a student—especially early on when you’re busy finding your way—it may seem like participating in these organizations isn’t important. My advice is to stick with www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 17
How can you help? Donations to ESD Student Chapters directly support student chapters and scholarships. Funds go to bringing in speakers, organizing networking events, arranging career-related tours, and planning conferences and events. ESD also welcomes volunteer mentors, career coaches, resume reviewers, and especially those who would like to help students transition into their careers. New chapters are encouraged to be formed at Michigan colleges and universities. ESD currently has Student Chapters at the following schools:
•• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• •• ••
Eastern Michigan University Central Michigan University Kettering University Lake Superior State University Lawrence Technological University Michigan State University Michigan Technological University Oakland University Saginaw Valley State University University of Detroit Mercy University of Michigan Dearborn Wayne State University
For details on Student Chapters and how to join or support them, please contact Heather Lilley at 248-353-0735, ext. 120, or email@example.com.
it and get involved.” Doug Patton, executive vice president of Engineering and chief technical officer of DENSO and president of the ESD, says as a business executive, mentoring the next generation is the most effective way to support the industry. “We really want to reach out and connect to the students so they can experience every aspect of engineering. The Auto Show is a great place to do this, and it gives them a taste of the automotive end of engineering,” he says. “It is a great way to get to know the students, what they are about, and get a sense of what we, as their future employers, can do to enhance what they are learning in the classroom.” That was especially true for William Weber, a mechanical engineering student from CMU, who recently completed an internship with Yanfeng Automotive Interiors in Romulus. “I worked directly with the manufacturing team to find cost effective solutions to reduce material waste. It was a great learning experience and it really made me feel excited about my career,” he says. “I joined the Engineering Society of Detroit because I wanted to build a strong networking platform for our members and prepare them for a professional engineering role. I believe it’s important for students to build strong relationships with potential employers and this organization allows them to do just that.” That’s why fellow engineer Waller—now a landfill project engineer for U.S. Ecology Inc.—says that as a professional, the association with ESD Student Chapters will not stop as she is inspired to remain involved at the professional level. “You get a chance to form long lasting relationships with working professionals who want to see you grow as an engineer and who encourage you to give back to the community that helped you achieve.”
“We really want to reach out and connect to the students so they can experience every aspect of engineering.” 18 | TechCentury | FALL 2017
CYBERSECURITY DEGREES BECOME NORM AT MICHIGAN COLLEGES
ince the development of the internet— this vast global network of information sharing—there has been a need to secure digital information. So much so that early in the 2000s, cybersecurity became a degree field at a handful of colleges. Today, studying the methodology for securing computers and networks has become a growing and in-demand career option. “The need to track and secure information has been critically important since computers were connected,” said Richard Bush, Ph.D., Baker College dean of the College of Information Technology. “Baker College first offered cybersecurity courses, then in 2008 formalized a cyber defense bachelor’s program.” According to a Forbes report, the cybersecurity field is expected to grow from a $75 billion industry in 2015 to a $170 billion industry by 2020, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics forecasts the position of information security analyst to experience an 18-percent job growth increase by 2024. “The field is growing rapidly, and the need for trained individuals is expanding more quickly than available talent. By 2019 there will be a global shortage of 2 million cybersecurity professionals, according to the U.K. House of Lords Digital Skills Committee,” Bush said. Baker College offers a bachelor’s degree in information and security with several concentrations, including information assurance/cyber defense, at most of its campuses across Michigan. Baker College Online offers the information assurance concentration. “Our faculty includes working professionals who bring real-world perspective to the classroom,” Bush said. “Competitions also enhance learning. The Collegiate Cyber Defense Competition has been extremely effective in honing technical skills as well as the professional skills of organization, communication and documentation.” Campuses in Flint, Jackson and Clinton Township have an especially successful history in this annual competition. Each has won at least one state championship since 2008. The Flint campus has earned four state and two each regional and national crowns. Recently, Baker College’s Jackson campus upgraded its computer technology lab and created a Business Solution Center.
“To offer state-of-the-art IT training, upgrading technology is a constant,” said William Sherwood, DBA, Baker College of Jackson CIS-IT program director. “The new equipment includes multiple Cisco routers and switches and a Dell virtual server. Combined, they deliver the capability to operate the IT infrastructure for three medium-size businesses.” This processing power plus the addition of a remoteaccess software solution supports the 24/7 option for students to virtually connect with the program server. This allows students to practice whenever and wherever it is convenient for them. “It’s all about honing their skills to be job-ready at graduation,” Sherwood said. This fall, Baker College Online launched two graduate degrees in cloud security risk management: an MBA and a Master of Science in information systems (MSIS) . “These graduate degrees will help address the critical need for cyber and cloud security professionals as cyberattacks, security breaches, compliance challenges and new technologies fuel demand for qualified workers,” said Jill Langen, president of Baker College Online/Center for Graduate Studies. Courses in cloud security risk management are provided through a partnership with Mission Critical Institute (MCI) of Reston, Virginia. MCI is a developer of cybersecurity education programs recognized by the Department of Homeland Security. “Baker College stood out as an excellent partner because its online programs are rated among the top in the nation, and it offers strong undergraduate cyber defense programs,” said V. N. Berlin, Ph.D., MCI president. “The two organizations are also aligned in focusing on career education that meets workforce needs.” Major courses will include in-depth exam preparation for certifications needed for cybersecurity employment in business and government. The curriculum is based on the U.S. government’s recommended set of industry standards and best practices developed by the Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology to help organizations manage cybersecurity risks. www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 19
With 320,000 square feet of versatile space, Suburban Collection Showplace features the size, latest amenities and location that enticed Connected Car Technology Conference and Exhibition, TU-Automotive Detroit, to commit to return for a 16th time in 2017. Ever the magnet for innovators, The D is now home to the first-ever U.S. Patent & Trademark satellite office. By connecting our nation’s innovation agency to Michigan’s inventors and entrepreneurs, Detroit is helping spur new growth and opportunities by quickly moving ideas to reality. After all, innovation and a can-do attitude are what the comeback city has always been about.
DISCOVER DETROIT, AMERICA’S GREAT COMEBACK CITY. Dan Doyle, CMP National Sales Manager Detroit Metro Convention & Visitors Bureau firstname.lastname@example.org D: 313-202-1976 • F: 313-202-1896 • C: 313-550-7759
TU-Automotive Detroit at Suburban Collection Showplace and Dr. Christal Sheppard, Director, Midwest Regional United States Patent and Trademark Office, Detroit.
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At Washtenaw Community College, an associate’s degree in cybersecurity was added to the roster of programs available to students this fall. The program will introduce students to skills and strategies needed to protect an organization’s computer network and systems, preparing them for an entry-level job in the high-demand field or the ability to transfer to a four-year institution. The WCC program was designed in coordination with Eastern Michigan University so that graduates could transfer directly into EMU’s Information Assurance & Cyber Defense bachelor’s degree program. “WCC has a long history of being in the forefront of providing quality education in the field of information technology to residents of Washtenaw County and beyond,” said program advisor Michael Galea, a faculty member in WCC’s computer information systems department. “With this degree, WCC provides the opportunity for our students to pursue either an entrylevel position in network security upon completion of the associate degree or transfer to EMU to continue their education.” Michigan Technological University also recently added a master of science in cybersecurity. The MS in Cybersecurity is an interdisciplinary program involving faculty from the Departments of Computer Science and Electrical and Computer Engineering and from the School of Technology. The program is expected to broaden students’ opportunity for future career development. In addition, Lawrence Technological University offers a graduate certificate in cybersecurity. The 15-credit-hour program delivers the skills and knowledge required by today’s top technology, finance, retail and health care companies to help them combat threats and attacks that endanger their service delivery and profitability. Classes cover enterprise IT and networking, advanced network security, disaster recovery, business continuity, security controls, and countermeasures. The certificate can also be earned while pursuing a graduate degree in LTU’s College of Management—the Master of Business Administration or the Master of Science in Information Technology. Notably, five Michigan colleges have been designated by the National Security Agency (NSA) as “National Centers of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance.” Those colleges are Walsh College, University of Detroit Mercy, Eastern Michigan University, Davenport University and Ferris State University. Other Michigan colleges offering cybersecurity degrees include Macomb Community College, Oakland University, and Central Michigan University, among others. A complete list can be found at www.cyberdegrees.org.
White Hat Hackers in Training Nine dedicated cyber defense students at Baker College’s Jackson campus proved they can hack with the best while honing their IT skills, even during summer break. The three Baker College teams placed in the top 13, out of approximately 40, in the professional tier of the all-day national Hack the Arch, an atypical capture-the-flag cybersecurity competition. This was the third year that Baker College has been represented in this annual contest presented by the St. Louis (Missouri) Chapter of the Military Cyber Professionals Association (MCPA-STL). “Hack the Arch is an extreme learning exercise,” said William Sherwood, DBA, CIS-IT program director. “Because it is devised by military cybersecurity experts, it provides a current, real-world view into the profession. “The students planned their participation themselves—it was totally optional. Their enthusiastic involvement and achievement in placing 5th, 10th and 13th is clearly reflective of the quality of our students and the Baker College program.” The participating students were Zane Babcock, Zachary Backes, Stephen DePew, Lucas Gorcyzca, Martin Johnston, Michael Morgese, C.J. Saathoff, Polina Shebolaeva and Liam Quick. They were assisted by alumni Keenan France, employed by ASK, and Lucas Gorczyca, with Consumers Energy. To turn up the competitive heat, the students invited members of the Jackson chapter of MiSec, an open collective of Michigan IT security professionals, to form a team and compete onsite at the Baker College cyber defense lab. The MiSec team tied with the highest scoring student team for fifth place. Logging in for MiSec were Samuel Bradstreet, of Consumers Energy; James
Green, of Offensive Security; Hilary Farrell, a Jackson College student; and Kate Vajda, of Secure Ideas. To advance and gain points, Hack the Arch competitors have to solve a series of realistic web and network-based security challenges. Challenge categories include cryptography, SQL databases, programming, exploitation, packet analysis, steganography (messages hidden within messages), forensics and trivia. The challenges increase in difficulty as competitors get closer to hacking into the Arch. Stymied teams can purchase hints using a limited number of monetary credits. “It is an incredibly fun and intense contest requiring speed and accuracy,” said Morgese, a team captain. “We can all contribute. If we don’t know how to solve a challenge, we buy a hint and work collaboratively on solving it.” Master Sgt. John Tagita Jr., U.S. Air Force chief of cyber operations and MCPA-STL vice president, said, “We were excited to host the Baker College teams. They did really well, and our hope is that they learned something while participating.” www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 21
STATE OF MICHIGAN ‘HACKS’ OWN BUILDING: GREATER SECURITY FOR EMPLOYEE ACCESS RESULTS By Susan Thwing
state of Michigan office building was recently breached. Fortunately, it was on purpose, monitored, and the outcome provided detailed information allowing for more secure practices be put in place. Chris Christensen, Director of Infrastructure Protection, Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Protection for the state of Michigan, says due to nationwide, state and local concerns about hackers finding their way into everything from computer systems to physical buildings, the department decided to test out current practices and look into improvements. The results and possible solutions were recently presented in Arizona at the Honeywell Users Group (HUG) conference. “We worked with a company called Cyber Defense Technologies and gave them the scope of what we wanted tested. We asked them if they could pick a lock, obtain a security badge and gain access to our network,” he explains. “They did 22 | TechCentury | FALL 2017
a 2-day recon to understand more about the building. In the end they were unsuccessful with picking our locks, however they were able to gain access into the building through other means.” With more than 40 buildings across Michigan, 50,000 employees, and 5,087 tenants—also known as a lot of people going in and out on a daily basis—Christensen says changes needed to be made to the employee building access system. STEP ONE; SECURING IDS “Most employee ID badges are a relatively thin piece of plastic. Cards can be easily damaged and are considered somewhat unimportant to the average employee. Because of this, many employees do not keep security in mind when handling their IDs. This can lead to IDs being lent to others without a thought,” he says. A solution was to introduce Honeywell’s Vector Occupant Mobile Application System for
increased employee access security. Honeywell, whose products include innovative smart technologies, developed the Vector app to sync with a building’s smart system so that occupants can simply use their smart phone for building access. The phone app provides individualized identification, which “eliminates the need for special badges or fobs to move about the building,” according to Honeywell. Because everything is digital, management can easily oversee the credentials of all building occupants. Another key feature is that the system is independent of the buildings own underlying system, which makes it easily adaptable to a company’s individualized process. Vector is backed by a cloud-based architecture and enabled by HID Global’s Seos credential technology. An added security feature is that all users must be invited by an administrator before having access to the system.
“Due to the way information is stored on a smartphone, it is very highly protected. The sandbox in which the data is stored is an area of the phone that is separate from the user accessible areas of the phone. This means that no matter what data is stored on the phone, someone who has the phone physically in their hand will be unable to access the information without going through the Vector service,” Christensen said during
the HUG presentation. “This is why the ID information cannot be tampered with: traditional ID cards can be modified, Vector app information cannot.” Another plus with the system is that nearly everyone carries a smartphone with them these days—so it’s a fix people will adjust to quickly. “Most people will have a smartphone on them and have it charged. Smartphones are becoming extremely prevalent even with older people. This translates to employees being less likely than ever before to have a source of access or photo identification on them at all times,” he explains. “Also, a smartphone is an expensive device. This will cause
a person to take much better care of making sure they know the location of their phone and, in this case, their ID.” Cost savings was another benefit as ID photos can be updated remotely without reprinting IDs. It also eliminates costs associated with purchasing physical cards, printers and ink, and eliminates temporary IDs; anyone with a smartphone can be given an access code and use the Vector app.
door open and let you into the building even when they don’t know you. They easily throw out personal items—we went through some of the trash and found doctor bills, school information, receipts,” he says. To tackle that issue, the state has implemented extensive employee training. “We stepped up employee awareness and training—everything from keeping identification secure
STEP TWO: EMPLOYEE AWARENESS Christensen says he was surprised at first how easily the building was entered, but on further reflection realized the weakest link in a security chain is always people. “People are trusting and they want to be nice. They’ll hold the
to walking to cars at night and making sure employees are aware about safety when posting on social media. “We’re also looking at all of our building access configurations. We are looking at what times people come in, and putting controls in place so that access IDs turn off when the employee would not regularly be in the building.” Christensen foresees this type of assessment to be needed on an ongoing basis. “Hackers are always one step ahead. It’s important for us to watch and do our due diligence to keep up as well,” he says. “It’s going to be a never-ending job to stay on top of the technology.”
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ETHICS IN ENGINEERING ETHICS IN CYBERSECURITY By Karyn Stickel
This access to additional data enriches lives in many ways, but also raises the question of how far we should go in utilizing this data. 24窶ポ窶サechCentury窶ポ窶ェALL 2017
s engineers, we are on the cutting edge of new technology throughout our careers. With the continued advancement of the internet, and as people become more connected in all aspects of their lives, we are at a point where privacy issues are becoming more and more prevalent. The industry as a whole is in the midst of a developmental renaissance as we are constantly developing new means for mining, accessing and collecting data. This access to additional data enriches lives in many ways, but also raises the question of how far we should go in utilizing this data. It also raises questions about how the data can be secured to prevent it from falling into the hands of people who want to use it for fraudulent or nebulous purposes. In short, how do we balance innovation, privacy, and security in a society where we have different levels of comfort with this balance? People have varied levels of comfort with the amount of data that they want shared or available to be mined. Is it beneficial or invasive? While one person may be perfectly comfortable having internet companies, phone companies, or governmental agencies knowing everything about them, their neighbor may want to stay off the
grid in order to avoid any personal information from getting out. In addition, increased connectivity in all we do raises ethical questions in terms of safety and privacy. We share locations and photos on social media, we use our credit card to make purchases online, emails are shared over a server, we bank online, governmental agencies store personal information, other agencies and organizations gather personal information—all online activities that open us up to the risk of a security breach. Many people are comfortable with internet companies and search engines using their data to do targeted advertising, but more invasive methods are often considered to be a violation of privacy. The growth of social media over the past 10 years shows how much people are willing to share when they feel that it is in a controlled environment. However, once data is on the internet, it is hard to get down, and generally available for many people to see and use. This new convenience in a busy world also provides the opportunity for others to access personal information for fraudulent purposes. We are constantly hearing stories of internet hacking in which large amounts of personal data are compromised. As we continue to use the internet to complete many of our daily activities, we open ourselves up to opportunities to be victims of hacking or identity theft. For some, this is a small price to pay for the convenience of a connected world, while for others, this is an untenable position to be in. Unfortunately, regulating internet privacy has been difficult to get through, due to concerns about hurting online commerce, creating unenforceable regulations, or the resistance of people who feel that any restrictions are objectionable. Many laws regarding internet usage are more directed
towards safety, rather than privacy. Earlier this year, the U.S. Congress overturned a pending bill that would have tightened privacy laws by requiring broadband internet services providers such as AT&T and Verizon to get permission prior to sharing or selling personal data. While Congress’s bill pulled back on the original legislation, that legislation had not gone into effect, and therefore does not mean major changes for consumers at this time. However, it does mean that in the current political climate, the passage of any laws regarding increased internet privacy are not likely to pass. This topic is also an on-going debate in terms of crime prevention and national security. There is no doubt that technology can play a very large role in helping to solve crimes or prevent terrorist activities from occurring. It is difficult to argue that this is a dangerous practice when we see perpetrators of crimes being caught using technology, or a kidnapped child found safely due to cell phone signals. However, there was public outcry when Edward Snowden released information regarding the NSA’s bulk gathering of phone data. This also came up in a recent attack in California, where governmental agencies were putting pressure on Apple to unlock a suspect’s cell phone to look for information regarding a crime that was committed. Apple refused to do so citing due process concerns, as it would have to write a new software. In addition, there were concerns that by creating that access method, the password override could be used for other things, not only crimes. This was resolved in another manner, but Apple did get pushback for not providing the information. Many people seem to feel that information gathering is good, as long as it does not affect them or their privacy. Unfortunately with the
technology ever advancing, that is a difficult goal to meet. As we move forward with innovations and advancements, which are bound to occur, society needs to demand identification of the consequences of these innovations, as best as they can be defined, so that public debate can occur regarding benefits and risks. Too often innovations are pursued in the context of narrowly defined objectives, without examining the full range of consequences. With constantly improving and changing internet and connectivity, there is no easy solution to the issues of cybersecurity and internet privacy. People need to have a strong understanding that as they put personal information out into the world, there is a chance that it can be stolen and used. Even on social media, your information is accessible to many people and opens the door to a loss of privacy. As quickly as new defense mechanisms against internet crime are created, hackers are developing newer and more sophisticated systems to breach them. In the current climate, caution is necessary in order to stay protected.
Karyn Stickel is chair of the TechCentury Editorial Board. She is an associate at Hubbell, Roth & Clark. .
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PLAYING NICE By Linda Hagan
oes it surprise you that there are many people in work settings who seem to have forgotten the basics—those basic principles we learned as children about getting along with others and playing nice? There is a 1988 book by American author Robert Fulghum titled, All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten. As an academic, I stress the value of advanced education, but admittedly, I wholeheartedly agree with Fulghum’s premise; as children, we may have learned the really important things that can help us get through life and succeed. In kindergarten, as Fulghum wrote, we learned to “Share everything. Play fair. Don’t hit people. Put things back where you found them. Don’t take things that aren’t yours. [and] Say you’re sorry when you hurt somebody. ” These simple tenets can apply to the business world.
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In every organization’s work place, we need to play nice, just as we learned when we were children in the play yard. Here are some tips for playing nice in business: Share There is a saying that “knowledge is power,” and many times people in business interpret that to mean that in order to be powerful, you should be the only one with all of the knowledge. That is not true. In today’s knowledge economy, it’s more powerful to share your knowledge with others and collaborate, especially in the fields of science and technology. Play By The Rules In sports, teammates, opponents and fans admire athletes when they not only exhibit athletic skill and leadership, but when they play by the rules and display good sportsmanship in their competitiveness. In the sciences,
scientists are respected for their inquiry, findings and contributions in their field when the scientific method is followed and the process is done ethically and with exactness. And, although there will be those in the business world who repeat such lines as “rules are meant to be broken” or “beg for forgiveness, rather than ask for permission” or “just don’t get caught,” those who don’t play by the rules and are wrongdoers, inevitably do lose out—if nothing more, they lose the respect of coworkers and followers. Be pleasant to be around It’s not surprising that people who are pleasant to be around get more support from others and ultimately can get more work done and achieve higher levels of success. Simple things such as greeting people with a smile, looking directly at people when addressing them, listening attentively and without interrupting when others talk, and practicing good manners, can go a long way in work settings.
IN BUSINESS Respect Others Given the diversity of people in today’s workplaces—based on age, gender, race, culture, customs, education, values, and perspectives—we need to be respectful of one another and appreciate the contributions we all can make in an organization when we work together. Be Honest And Trustworthy Be an ethical worker and leader. Be honest, tell the truth, and acknowledge and give credit for the work and ideas of others. When you make a mistake, express regret Part of human nature is that we aren’t always going to be nice and we will make mistakes. When that happens, we shouldn’t be afraid to admit our error, apologize when needed, and then work to remedy the problem or mend the relationship.
What About The Mean People? Sadly, not everyone plays nice. There are those in the workplace who are rude and mean, to the point of being a bully. According to the U.S. Government website, “Stopbullying.gov” meant for school-age children, bullying is “unwanted, aggressive behavior… that involves a real or perceived power imbalance.” It “includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.” Perhaps you have seen or experienced bullying in your workplace. Adults in the workplace can also practice some of the suggested tips for teachers when teaching schoolchildren on how to respond to bullying. They are “Don’t ignore it. Intervene immediately. Stay calm. Model respectful behavior when you intervene.”
In closing, a popular country song called “Humble and Kind”, written by Lori McKenna and sung by Tim McGraw, offers reminders of simple things that are big things to remember in life—and can be applied to workplaces. The lyrics include “Hold the door. Say ‘please.’ Say ‘thank you.’ Don’t steal, don’t cheat, and don’t lie. I know you got mountains to climb, but always stay humble and kind.”
Linda Hagan, PhD, is a Professor of Marketing at Walsh College and teaches in the MS Marketing, MBA, and the new Master of Arts in Business program, a graduate degree meant especially for those with no previous business course experience. In addition to teaching, she is a business consultant and a member of the American Marketing Association and the Public Relations Society of America.
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Making Sure the Lights Turn On By Allison Mills
ulnerabilities in the power grid are one of the most prevalent national security threats in the United States. The main historical threats to the electrical power grid come from natural disasters like tornados, hurricanes and winter storms, which cost between $18 and $33 billion every year in power outages and infrastructure damage in the United States. The threats that keep grid security experts up at night are deliberate attacks on the grid. These can either be physical attacks—like the 2013 sniper attack on a Silicon Valley substation, which cost $100 million and lasted 27 days —or computer hacking that causes cascading disruptions like in the Ukraine blackouts in 2016. In 2012, the United States Department of Defense reported about 200 cyber incidents across critical infrastructure systems and nearly half targeted the electrical grid. Researchers at Michigan Technological University are looking at system-wide solutions to prevent cascading blackouts and their economic impacts. HACKING THE BIG PICTURE The journal IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid published new research on so-called “nightmare” scenarios where hackers exploit security weaknesses in disruptive cyberattacks. Lead author Chee-Wooi Ten, an associate professor of electrical engineering at Michigan Tech, says the fundamental problem is a gap between physical equipment and intangible software. “Ten years ago, cybersecurity simply didn’t exist—it wasn’t talked about and it wasn’t a problem,” Ten says, joking that people thought he was crazy for suggesting power grid hacking was even possible. “Now with events like in Ukraine last year and malware like Stuxnet, where hackers can plan for a cyberattack that can cause larger power outages, people are starting to grasp the severity of the problem.” Ten points out that hackers target specific parts of the infrastructure’s control networks and they focus on the mechanisms that control it. Automated systems drive much of the grid from generation to transmission to use. As Ten puts it, the convenience and
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This infographic shows the targets and potential effects that hacking can have on the power grid. (Credit: Vassilissa Semouchkina/Michigan Tech)
Hackers target specific parts of the control network of power infrastructure and they focus on the mechanisms that control it to cause power outages and blackouts. (Credit: Sarah Bird/Michigan Tech)
cost reduction of automation streamlines the process, but without solid security measures, it also makes the systems vulnerable. The interconnectedness of the grid can also cause cascading impacts leading to blackouts, equipment failure and islanding where regions become cut off and isolated from the main power grid. In the long run, Ten says improving regulations with specifics to match actual infrastructure needs and providing cybersecurity insurance will help. “Simply because the remote substation networks are constantly commissioned with full compliance doesn’t mean they are secure,” Ten says. “There is going to be a tremendous impact if we’re negligent and fail to keep up with changes in communication infrastructure and emerging security threats.” POWER UP RESILIENCY One kind of technology that could build resiliency in the power grid is incorporating distributed energy. Power production from multiple sources increases the difficulty of triggering cascading blackouts, and following an attack or natural disaster, microgrids can provide localized energy security. An interdisciplinary team from Michigan Tech argues in a paper published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews that photovoltaic (PV)-powered microgrid security needs to start with the military. “The United States military is extremely dependent on electricity now; it’s not people fighting with bayonets,” says Joshua Pearce, a dual-appointed professor of materials science and electrical engineering. “If we put the money into PV-powered microgrids, it would be making us objectively more secure and we get a return on our investment as after the initial investment in PV the military would enjoy free solar electricity for the next 25 years.” The United States military already has a renewable energy plan in place: 25 percent of energy production from renewable sources by 2025, but only 27 of the more than 400 domestic military sites either have fortified PV microgrids running now or have plans to do so, which makes the majority vulnerable
to long-term power disruptions. Pearce and his co-authors, energy policy PhD student Emily Prehoda and associate professor of sociology Chelsea Schelly, found that the military needs 17 gigawatts of PV to fortify domestic bases. The systems are technically feasible, within current contractors’ skill sets and economically favorable. “If we recognize that this capacity already exists,” Schelly says, “then we can start thinking about PV as a security measure by integrating microgrids—and then creating local resilience based on military technologies.”
Engineer Joshua Pearce says solar, because of its decreasing costs, geographic accessibility and versatility, makes the most sense for powering microgrids. (Credit: Sarah Bird/Michigan Tech)
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PhD student Emily Prehoda worked with sociologist Chelsea Schelly to assess the technical and economic viability of military microgrids run on solar power. (Credit: Nathan Shiayen/Michigan Tech)
INTERNET OF THINGS Improving power grid security also needs to happen in people’s homes—and cars and phones and coffeemakers—as the world becomes increasingly interconnected. Sometimes referred to as the Internet of Things, cyber-physical systems vary from phones to self-driving cars, from airplane controls to home energy meters. They are both touchable objects and invisible code. The whole power-grid is a massive cyber-physical system—but it wasn’t designed as such. Researchers banded together to address challenges in cyber-physical systems from Michigan Technological University, Boston University, University of California, Berkeley, and University of California, Riverside. Their latest work, a keynote paper published in IEEE Transactions in CAD, lays the groundwork for better design in cyber-physical systems. “The register-transfer-level (RTL) design flow for digital circuits is one of the major success stories in electronic design automation,” the authors write. “Will a durable design methodology, such as the RTL design flow, emerge for cyber-physical systems?” Shiyan Hu, an associate professor of computer engineering at Michigan Tech, says a better cyberphysical design system comes down to the nuts and 30 | TechCentury | FALL 2017
bolts of new technology—but it’s not as simple as separating out the mechanical and digital pieces. “Cyber-physical systems are not just the interface of the two,” Hu says. “Together they create an emergent space with new properties and challenges—it’s a whole system.” In the power grid, this means that security is not simply fortifying transformers and strengthening firewalls. True power grid security has to consider the new spaces and connections made within the cyber-physical system that connect production, distribution and use. It means embracing big data and combining model-based design with databased learning. Streamlining also incorporates machine learning, real-time sensors, effective communication interfaces and human-centric strategies—simply a smarter way to approach the design process.
Allison Mills is a science and technology writer for Michigan Tech.
EDITOR’S NOTE: this is the third in a series of articles addressing key aspects of the National Academy of Engineering’s (NAE) and the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) list of The Grand Challenges of Engineering in the 21st Century. In this piece we look at ways industries are working together to better secure cyberspace—from personal privacy to national security—at Michigan-based international cybersecurity summits.
CYBERSECURITY INDUSTRIES WORK TOGETHER TO FIND SOLUTIONS By Susan Thwing
e all worry about it: identity theft, hacking, personal privacy. But cybersecurity has a much more far-reaching implication. From banking systems, to national security, to our physical infrastructure, misused cyber information has the potential to wreak havoc. As stated in the NAE’s Grand Challenges call to action: “Personal privacy and national security in the 21st century both depend on protecting a set of systems that didn’t even exist until late in the 20th — the electronic web of information-sharing known as cyberspace…Electronic computing and communication pose some of the most complex challenges engineering has ever faced. They range from protecting the confidentiality and integrity of transmitted information and deterring identity theft to preventing the scenario dramatized in the Bruce Willis movie ‘Live Free or Die Hard,’ in which hackers take down the transportation system, then communications, and finally the power grid.” From radio and TV signals to cell phones and e-mail, information is flowing in cyberspace with implications in our personal lives but also for military, financial, and emergency services. Electric, gas, and water companies can be crippled by cyberspace
disruptions with potentially disastrous consequences for our communities. WORKING TOGETHER, FINDING SOLUTIONS Across Michigan, experts are annually coming together to address the need for increased methods of insuring cybersecurity and to find impactful solutions. This includes the National Defense Industry Association’s (NDIA) second annual Michigan Cybersecurity: Defense Sector Summit, held last March where more than 150 engineering representatives came together to discuss innovations for addressing a long list of cybersecurity priorities. Jennifer Tisdale has been on the planning committee for the NDIA’s summit since the event’s creation in 2016. After the March 2017 summit, she was named Cyber Advisor to the NDIA Board of Directors and assumed the lead chairperson position for the planning of the March 2018 Cybersecurity: Defense Sector Summit. “The focus of the summit is centered on the cyberphysical considerations of military platform security. To provide awareness, education and preparedness and, as our conference tagline indicates, to engage Michigan’s defense community in conversation with decision-makers within the federal government and U.S. military,” Tisdale says. www.esd.org | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 31
“We attempt to thread similar topics from year to year to highlight progression and how quickly technology is changing our world and our lives. We address topics ranging from very technical approaches to cyber-physical security, to regulatory conversations being held at the state and federal levels for cybersecurity and connected vehicles. We address industry needs such as the lack of enough cyber professionals to fill the talent need and how our educators and industry can work together to address this concern,” she explains. Another “hot topic”, Tisdale says, is information sharing. “How do we share information with those traditionally deemed as our competition (from an industry perspective) and work together to solve our common security issues for the greater good and protection of our women and men in the military and our families.” FROM THE TOP DOWN Across the board, Tisdale says there is a lot of work to do, including getting all levels of leadership on board. “We have a lot of work ahead of us in addressing cybersecurity. One of the best compliments I received from an attendee this year was that the conference provided him the validation of the technical considerations, but also it really sent a message to his senior leadership attending the conference,” Tisdale explains. “Getting a corporation’s senior leadership to understand the importance of cybersecurity can be challenging. After all, security does not often make a company money; it costs money. So, that is challenge all levels of industry need to overcome. To be proactive versus reactive to security issues whenever possible.” An endlessly changing landscape makes the challenge even greater. Both government and industry need to be ready to make changes and implement new, proactive policies in real time. “Large government agencies and large corporations are not known for their ability to be nimble and quick to change. However, as we are seeing with automotive OEMs such as Ford and GM, they are trying to morph their rich history as large corporations to be quick to integrate new solutions, to act more like a 32 | TechCentury | FALL 2017
start-up software company versus a manufacturing corporation,” Tisdale explains. LOOKING AHEAD Plans for the 2018 NDIA-Michigan Cybersecurity: Defense Sector Summit, scheduled for March 13-14 at the Troy Marriott, are already in place. “The 2018 summit will have a slightly different spin than year’s past. This year we are promoting topic conversations as ‘uncensored.’ We will be designing the hot topics to get our audience involved and engaged with the subject matter experts by intentionally asking both sides of the topic to be debated in a public setting. This is not to create tension, but to address the concerns that often go unspoken,” she says. “In 2018, we want true problem-solving and creative and respectful discussion.” More information on the 2018 summit can be found at: www.ndia-mich.org or by following @NDIAMichigan on Twitter to stay updated. MORE TO COME IN OCTOBER Problem-solvers looking to learn more about how they can help address cybersecurity issues do not have to wait until March 2018, however. The North American International Cyber Summit 2017, hosted by Michigan Governor Rick Snyder, will take place on October 30 at the Cobo Center in Detroit. In its sixth year, the summit also brings together experts from across the globe to address a variety of cybersecurity issues impacting the world. Internationally recognized speakers, as well as experts from around the country, will lead featured breakout sessions on industry topics, such as: business, education/families, information technology, law enforcement, government, defense, healthcare, automotive, finance and international cyber exercises. Also at the event, the 2nd Annual Governor’s High School Cyber Challenge will test high school students’ skills in computer science, information technology and cybersecurity in a two-round statewide competition. For more information, please contact Leslie Smith, at 248-353-0735, ext. 152 or email@example.com, or visit www.michigan.gov/cybersummit.
Track ice movement. Study ecosystems. Detect pollution.
This is Michigan Techâ€™s Innovation Shore. Learning more about acoustic properties underwater and under ice helps electrical engineer Zhaohui Wang build communication networks with sound. The sensors used not only relay data, but also learn and adapt to their environment. Her research will improve how we monitor the Great Lakes and ocean ecosystems.
Michigan Technological University is an equal opportunity educational institution/equal opportunity employer, which includes providing equal opportunity for protected veterans and individuals with disabilities.
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