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V.23 | N.2 SUMMER 2018



MEGA + MICHIGAN PROJECTS Building Bridges That Last a Century

TechCentury’s Image Award Recipient 13


Ethics in Engineering: Examining IPD 38

Possible is everything. Boost your technical know-how with master

degrees and certificates in engineering from Lawrence Tech.

Learn more:

Southfield, Michigan

The foursome from Walbridge, a Diamond Sponsor, at the seventh ESD Annual Golf Outing, held this June to support student outreach efforts. See page 12.

Technology Century






13 TechCentury Image Award Presented to Jim Newman 15 2018 ESD Construction & Design Award Winners 24 Bridges That Last a Century Will Be Big Stuff  BY MATT ROUSH COVER: ESD Construction & Design Award Winner General Motors Durant-Dort Factory One. Story on page 15.

26 MDOT’s Road to the Future: Smart Corridors and the US-23 Flex Route  BY KARI MARTIN, MDOT 28 Integrated Project Delivery: Complicated Collaboration or Improbable Panacea?


30 Detroit Mercy Capstone Project Gives Students the Chance to Change Lives  BY AMY SKIMIN 32 Networking: Retired Engineer. Now What?  BY LARRY SAK 34 Michigan’s Mega Engineering Projects: Little Caesars Arena Project Fueled by Ground-Breaking Engineering and Innovative Design


37 American Center for Mobility Officially Opens 38 Ethics in Engineering: Big Growth Can Bring Big Problems  BY KARYN STICKEL | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 1

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V.23 I N.2  SUMMER 2018 20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450  •  Southfield, MI 48076 248–353–0735 • 248–353–0736 fax • •

TECHNOLOGY CENTURY® EDITORIAL BOARD CHAIR: Karyn Stickel, Hubbell, Roth & Clark Jason Cerbin, Honeywell Energy Services Group Sandra Diorka, Delhi Charter Township Tom Doran, FESD, Hubbell, Roth & Clark (Retired) Utpal Dutta, PhD, FESD, University of Detroit Mercy Richard, Hill, PhD, University of Detroit Mercy William A. Moylan, PhD, PMP, FESD, Eastern Michigan University John G. Petty, FESD, General Dynamics (Retired) Dan Romanchik Matt Roush, Lawrence Technologicial University Larry Sak, PE, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (retired) Michael Stewart, Fishman Stewart Intellectual Property Filza H. Walters, FESD, Lawrence Technological University Cyrill Weems, Plante Moran CRESA Anne Williams, Baker College Yang Zhao, PhD, Wayne State University

Karyn Stickel Associate, Hubbell, Roth & Clark.

ESD 2017-2018 BOARD OF DIRECTORS PRESIDENT: Douglas E. Patton, FESD, DENSO International America, Inc. VICE PRESIDENT: Daniel E. Nicholson, General Motors Company TREASURER: Alex F. Ivanikiw, AIA, LEED AP, FESD, Barton Malow Company SECRETARY: Robert Magee, The Engineering Society of Detroit IMM. PAST PRESIDENT: Kouhaila G. Hammer, CPA, Ghafari Associates, LLC MEMBERS AT LARGE: Larry Alexander, Detroit Metro Convention and Visitors Bureau

Katherine M. Banicki, FESD, Testing Engineers and Consultants Michael D. Bolon, FESD, General Dynamics Land Systems (Retired) Michael J. Cairns, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Patrick J. Devlin, Michigan Building Trades Council Robert A. Ficano, JD, Wayne County Community College District Farshad Fotouhi, PhD, Wayne State University Alec D. Gallimore, PhD, University of Michigan Lori Gatmaitan, SAE Foundation Malik Goodwin, Goodwin Management Group, LLC Ronald R. Henry, AiA, NCARB, Beaumont Health Marc Hudson, Rocket Fiber Ali Jammoul, Ford Motor Company Leo C. Kempel, PhD, Michigan State University Scott Penrod, Walbridge Bill Rotramel, AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. Kirk T. Steudle, PE, FESD, Michigan Department of Transportation William J. Vander Roest, PE, ZF TRW (Retired) Lewis N. Walker, PhD, PE, FESD, Madonna University Terry J. Woychowski, FESD, Link Engineering Company.

TECHNOLOGY CENTURY STAFF PUBLISHER: Robert Magee, Executive Director CREATIVE DIRECTOR: Nick Mason, Director of Operations EDITOR: Susan Thwing GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Keith Cabrera-Nguyen

Technology Century® (ISSN 1091-4153 USPS 155-460), also known as TechCentury, is published four times per year by The Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD), 20700 Civic Center Drive, Suite 450, Southfield, MI 48076. Periodical postage paid at Southfield, MI, and at additional mailing offices. The authors, editors, and publisher will not accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made in this publication. The publisher makes no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the material contained herein. Advertisements in TechCentury for products, services, courses, and symposia are published with a caveat emptor (buyer beware) understanding. The authors, editors, and publisher do not imply endorsement of products, nor quality, validity or approval of the educational material offered by such advertisements. ©2018 The Engineering Society of Detroit

This issue of TechCentury focuses on Michigan Mega projects, some of the large and innovative projects that have been designed or constructed in the state in the past several years. We include stories about the Little Caesar’s Arena, the US 23 Flex Lanes and ITS Future Technology, and the opening of American Center for Mobility at Willow Run. This issue also focuses on ESD’s 2018 Construction and Design Awards, now in their 44th year. These awards recognize the best of the best in architecture, construction design and implementation. Award reviewers look at sustainability and energy efficiency, and examining how the contractors, designers, and owners put together innovative projects to inspire future design. We also recognize our Image Award Winner Jim Newman with a feature on the contributions he has made to the engineering field over his illustrious career. And don’t forget to checkout our continuing installment of the NAE Grand Challenges for Engineering, after taking a break in our last issue. This article provides insights on the collaborative process in engineering among its many fields. We hope you enjoy! | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 3

ESD President’s Message

Inspire, Excite, Create… Mega Projects Showcase the Community of Engineering o you remember the first time you saw a skyscraper? Standing at the bottom of an enormous, looming tower like the Sears (now Willis) Tower in Chicago, or riding across the Mackinac Bridge with its vast suspension engineering, or even witnessing the clean design of the Renaissance Center in Detroit for the first time; experiencing the awe and wonder of a mega engineering project. Perhaps you were a child, or a young student, suddenly inspired by the creation of an engineering marvel. As engineers we know that the development of these mega projects takes more than a one-time design on a computer screen. These projects begin with the ingenuity of designers and architects, move on to the detail work of engineers, then to the expertise of the skilled trades workers, and on to the people who know how to operate and keep the operations running on a day-to-day basis. All involved in this community are necessary and essential to creating and enjoying these mega marvels. What a great opportunity these projects are to illustrate to young students and potential engineers the bounty of possibilities available to them as they look toward their future careers. Perhaps they are interested in designing and creating; or perhaps the ability to take an idea and flush out the intricate details of making it a reality appeals to them; or maybe, they want to be hands-on, building, constructing and putting it all together. Every single job is an integral cog in the creation of these spectacular projects. So the next time you have the opportunity to experience an engineering marvel with a young person, make sure to seize the chance to show them just how much creativity, ingenuity, and know-how go into those projects; how many lives are involved in making it a reality; and how they can be a part of that special endeavor. It could be the start of something big!


Douglas Patton, FESD President, The Engineering Society of Detroit Executive Vice President & CTO, DENSO International America, Inc.

4 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

ESD Members in the News GO RED GOES STEM The 2nd annual Detroit Go Red Goes STEM event took place at the Michigan Science Center on April 23, with Ruby+Associates Structural Engineers as presenting sponsor. Tricia Ruby, CEO and president of Ruby+Associates, also served as chair. The day-long American Heart Association event supports empowering young women to take control of their health and to consider a career in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM). Some of Detroit’s leading STEM-focused companies showcased their innovative work and introduced the students to unique, real world career paths in STEM. The Michigan Science Center (MiSci) served as host to the event. Dr. Tonya Matthews, Michigan Science Center CEO and president says, “It is critical that young women have exciting and authentic STEM experiences which increase their interest, confidence and skill sets in STEM.” The day brought 120 Detroit-area freshmen, sophomore and junior girls to MiSci, and featured breakout sessions with STEM-related companies, speed mentoring with STEM leaders, and the opportunity to

make lasting connections with companies and women leaders. In addition, the day included a college fair with 11 Michigan colleges and universities represented.

TRICIA RUBY NAMED “POWERFUL WOMAN OF PURPOSE IN STEM” The Rhonda Walker Foundation selected Tricia Ruby, CEO and president of Ruby+Associates, as a Powerful Woman of Purpose in STEM, and honored her during the group’s Moving with Success Empowerment Brunch on March 18 at MotorCity Casino, Detroit. Tricia was nominated and selected, along with 17 other area women in STEM careers, for their professional accomplishments, commitment to mentor other women, and their community service efforts. The Rhonda Walker Foundation was founded in 2003 with a mission to empower inner city teen girls toward becoming strong, confident, successful and moral future leaders. The group’s core program, Girls Into Women, is a five-year program for teen girls starting in 8th grade and continuing until they graduate from high school, which includes workshops, seminars, retreats, field trips and camps. 6 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

ESD Members in the News MICHIGAN TECH NAMES KOUBEK AS NEW PRESIDENT Richard J. Koubek will lead Michigan Technological University as its 10th president. Koubek, formerly executive vice president and provost of Louisiana State University, begins his tenure at Michigan Tech July 1. He succeeds Glenn D. Mroz, who has served as president since 2004 and is stepping down to rejoin the Michigan Tech faculty. “Rick Koubek is a man of unquestioned integrity, character and leadership,” says Terry Woychowski, chair of the Michigan Tech Board of Trustees. “He has a profound and passionate vision of the role Michigan Tech will play in our nation’s prosperity, and the betterment of the world, as he leads this historic University in developing and delivering–on a global scale–the solutions to some of society’s most vexing challenges. I believe that Dr. Koubek was born for this time, this place and this position.” Koubek brings 30 years of experience in academia as a faculty member and administrator to the Michigan Tech presidency. Prior to joining Louisiana State University in 2009 as dean of its

College of Engineering and the Bert S. Turner Chair in Engineering, he served as head of Pennsylvania State University’s Harold and Inge Marcus Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering. Previously, he was chair for the Department of Biomedical, Industrial and Human Factors Engineering at Wright State University, as well as associate dean for research and graduate studies in Wright State’s College of Engineering and Computer Science. Koubek’s awards include the NASA Group Achievement Award; the 2013 Governor’s Technology Award for Outstanding Leadership in Technology for Louisiana; BASF’s 2014 Professor of Excellence Award; and the 2016 Outstanding Industrial Engineer of the Year, School of Industrial Engineering at Purdue University.

LTU WINS TAKES TOP PRIZE IN ASSISTIVE DESIGN COMPETITION Two teams from Lawrence Technological University took first and third place in the SourceAmerica Design Challenge, a national competition to design workplace products that improve the employability of people with disabilities. An LTU team won first place for its Cube XL Assembly, which nearly doubled the assembly output of employees assembling equipment to fasten pipes to interior surfaces on buildings. The device allows people who have the use of only one hand to perform the task. Finishing in third place was another LTU team’s Clip Assembly Device, which allows people with limited hand function to assemble a clip used in automotive headrests. Lawrence Tech’s sophomore-year engineering design studio class has been working for two years to develop products like these for Services to Enhance Potential (STEP), a Dearborn-based charity that works to boost employment prospects for people with disabilities. “It’s incredibly valuable to us,” Steve Slayton, STEP’s director of business development, says of LTU’s assistance. “Both of the designs this year made big impacts for our clients. The tools that the students create allow our clients to do jobs that they were not able to do before, and allow our clients to really increase their productivity.”

More than 120 teams of high school and college students in STEM programs across the country competed in the challenge. Three collegiate and five high school teams were selected for the finals competition, held in early April in Washington, D.C. SourceAmerica, a national nonprofit with a mission to create employment opportunities for people with disabilities, hosts the Design Challenge annually. The contest is designed to bring greater awareness of the need and the impact of assistive technology in the workplace and encourage upcoming generations to develop an inclusive mindset. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 7

ESD Upcoming Events


ESD’s Michigan PE License Review Courses Let us help prepare you to pass the exam on your first try. Learn in a small classroom-like setting from expert instructors in Southfield. For details or to register for the review courses, visit or contact Fran Mahoney at 248-353-0735, ext. 116, or FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING (FE) August 9–October 16, 2018 February 5–April 11, 2019 This course is for candidates planning to take the CBT Exam. Let our 70+ plus years of experience help prepare you. Classes are held Tuesdays and Thursdays, 6-9 p.m., with additional Saturday classes for civil and mechanical. The Saturday sessions start on August 25, 2018 (schedule will be provided to registrants). Last class for the FE Electrical Course is October 18, 2018.

8 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

PRINCIPLES & PRACTICE OF ENGINEERING (PE) August 25–October 6, 2018 February 16–March 23, 2019 This course consists of six Saturday sessions, focusing on problem solving techniques to pass the exam on your first try. Civil and environmental meet 8:30 a.m.–12:30 p.m. Mechanical and electrical power meet 1–5 p.m. An additional PE Mathematics class will be held on August 11, 2018, 8 a.m.–noon. No class on September 1, Labor Day weekend. State exams are October 26, 2018 and April 5, 2019.

PE Continuing Education Classes August 9–October 18, 2018 ESD provides professional engineers in Michigan with opportunities to meet continuing education requirements. Current PEs can take ESD review course classes on an à la carte basis to satisfy state requirements. Over 50 different courses are available to choose from. The instructor-led, three and four-hour courses are taught by academic and industry professionals. All courses are held on Tuesdays and Thursdays in the evening and Saturdays in the morning and afternoon at ESD Headquarters in Southfield. For more information or to register, visit or contact Elana Shelef at or 248-353-0735, ext. 119.

ESD Upcoming Events


Engineering & Technology Job Fair Monday, September 17, 2018 EMPLOYERS: MEET THE RIGHT ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY CANDIDATES Exhibit space is available for those looking to hire. ESD job fairs regularly draw hundreds of professionals and recent college graduates looking for full and part-time positions, and internships.

JOB SEEKERS: FIND YOUR NEXT JOB Whether you are a seasoned professional, a recent graduate or an in-between careers job seeker, you’ll find your next position at ESD’s Engineering and Technology Job Fair. ESD’s job fair is your best opportunity to meet one-on-one with representatives from leading engineering and technology companies. The job fair will be held at the Suburban Collection Showplace in Novi from 2:00–7:00 p.m. For more information on exhibiting or attending, please visit or contact Leslie Smith, CMP, at 248-353-0735, ext. 152, or


Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium & Advanced Planning Briefing for Industry

North American International Cyber Summit Hosted by Gov. Rick Snyder

August 7 - 9, 2018 The 10th annual Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium (GVSETS) and the Advanced Planning Briefings for Industry (ABPI) is the National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) Michigan Chapter’s key industry-governmentacademia event. This three-day event brings more than 1,000 executives, program managers, engineers, and other key decision-makers together to discuss initiatives, programs, plans, and technologies in the ground domain for both manned and unmanned systems. This is a unique opportunity for our community to come together to chart the course and contribute to the future success of our nation’s War fighters. This conference takes place at Suburban Collection Showplace in Novi. To register or for more information, visit events/gvsets.

The theme for 2018 is “Taking the Lead: Collaborating to Solve National Cyber Security Problems.” Building partnerships and balancing competition and information sharing for improved security. The theme is designed to highlight the region’s innovations and accomplishments to provide thought leadership on collaborative initiative. Join us at Cobo Center in Detroit for the 2018 Summit, which brings together experts from across the globe to address a variety of cyber security issues impacting the world. The agenda for the event will showcase internationally recognized speakers as well as experts from around the country to lead featured breakout sessions. The State of Michigan has long been considered a national leader on cyber security, leading the discussion on emerging trends and best practices in policy, law and all manner of public and private interests. To register and for more information, visit cybersummit.

October 29, 2018 | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 9

ESD Upcoming Events


Future City Competition: Mentors Needed Competition Day: Tuesday, January 29, 2019 Inspire the future by taking part in the Michigan Regional Future City Competition. Designed to engage middle school students’ interest in math, science, and engineering through real-life, practical and hands-on activities. Future City is a cross-curricular educational program where students work as a team with an educator and volunteer mentor to design a city of the future. Mentors spend an hour or two a week between September and January working with their team. Serving as the team advisor and advocate for all phases of the program, the mentor makes connections to real life engineering experiences, serves as a coach, and helps students translate the academic to the real world of engineering. People who work in the engineering community are preferred to serve as mentors. This includes engineers, technical professionals, architects, and city or urban planners. For more information on mentoring, contact Allison Marrs at or 248-353-0735, ext. 121.

ESD NEEDS YOU! Did you know that ESD is approaching its 125th anniversary? Our society was founded in 1895, and we would like to mark that occasion in a special way. If you would like to be involved in how we do that, please contact Nick Mason at or 248-353-0735, ext. 127.

IN MEMORIAM With deep gratitude for his participation and service, The Engineering Society of Detroit acknowledges the passing of:

JAMES V. BENAGLIO Retired/Principal Engineer, DTE Energy Member since 1983

10 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

T H A N K YO U , D O N O R S ! Thank you to all those who have supported the Society with monetary gifts during the 2017 calendar year by participating in the annual fundraising campaign, fulfilling pledges, and giving with their dues. It is with their generous support that we are able to fulfill our mission to keep Michigan as the engineering hub of the world.

TRANSFORMATION LEVEL ($5K+) Colliers International

INVENTION LEVEL ($2K+) Steven E. Kurmas, PE, FESD UAW-Ford National Programs Center (on behalf of Bill Dirksen and Jimmy Settles) Terry J. Woychowski, FESD (Ember Woychowski Girls In Engineering Academy Scholarship Fund)

CREATION LEVEL ($1K+) Ronald F. Buck Roy H. Link, FESD (in memory of Herbert Link) (Marburger Fellow Challenge) Ben C. Maibach III, FESD Richard E. Marburger, PhD, FESD (in memory of Mary E. Marburger) William Alexander Moylan, Jr., PhD, PMP, FESD (Marburger Fellow Challenge) The Dan and Robin Nicholson Charitable Fund of the Ayco Charitable Foundation Robert A. Richard Andrew Ricketts Testing Engineers & Consultants William J. Vander Roest, PE

DONORS $250+ Michael A. Aznavorian Michael J. Cairns Frank J. Ewasyshyn, PE Farshad Fotouhi, PhD Alec D. Gallimore, PhD Donald E. Goodwin, FESD Mitchell Harris, Sr. Leo Kempel, Ph.D David C. Munson, Jr., PhD, FESD Raymond Okonski David E. Pamula, PE Douglas E. Patton, FESD Robert Victor Petrach, Jr., CMfgE William Rotramel Lucyna Rurek Donald J. Smolenski, PE, FESD (in memory of Charles M. Ayers) Western Michigan University

DONORS $100+

John C. Anderson Katherine M. Banicki, FESD (in honor of John Banicki) Daniel J. Batts William T. Birge, PE, FESD Michael D. Bolon, FESD David T. Bozek John P. Cole, PE David Edward Cole IV, FESD David L. Cottrell CPCII John T. Danic James DeDyne Steven Robert DiBerardine, PE, CDG, LEED AP DONORS $500+ Richard Darin Ellis, PhD Andrew Brown, Jr., PE, NAE, FESD F. Michael Faubert, PhD, PE, FESD Robert R. Byrom Robert A. Ficano, JD Maryann Combs David R. Finley, PhD, PE Patrick Devlin Jerry Hendler (in memory of David A. Skiven) Jason P. Huber, PE David Hagen, FESD Marc Hudson Alex F. Ivanikiw, AIA, LEED AP, FESD Andris Lacis Robert Magee Lydia B. Lazurenko, PE, FESD Lloyd E. Reuss, FESD Eric A. Lewis Ruby + Associates, Inc. (in honor of Lawrence Technological Reno J. Maccardini University, Michigan Technological Ihor Melnykowycz Cleotha Morgan University, and University of David Murray, PE Detroit Mercy) Thomas A. Musselman, PE Kristen M. Siemen Kathleen Nauer Lewis N. Walker, PhD, PE, FESD

Parikshita Nayak, PhD, PE Robert H. Nelson Susan M. Ostrowski, MA, PE, FESD Michael Paniagua Scott Penrod Russel Pogats Robert T. Quail June Rutledge Joseph Lawrence Schaffer, PE M. Todd Schiller, PE Stanley K. Stynes, PE, FESD TransCanada Pipelines Ltd. Mumtaz A. Usmen, PE, FESD Richard C. Viinikainen, PE Franklin Delano Warren

DONORS UP TO $100 Bruce J. Annett, Jr. Marion B. Beard Deborah L. Bishop (in memory of David A. Skiven) Richard A. Bither, PE Alvin F. Blair, AIA, FESD Donald Robert Brasie Jessica Buckley Mark S. Bush, PE, PTOE Donald J. Collom David M. Costyk, PE Larry Crittenden Stephen R. Davis, FESD Thomas J. DeLaura, PE Keith M. Ferguson George Friess Jesse F. Goodwin Malik R. Goodwin Richard P. Green, PE, CEM, LEED GA Yong Ping Gu Kameshwar Gupta, PE, CEM, FESD David L. Harrington, FESD James C. Hobson, PE Homer Ronald Howell Ronald Huber Victor J. Hurych Ali Jammoul James M. Knoll Raymond A. Kobe, PE Wenzel F. Koch Douglas W. Komer James Kosniewski Eugene R. Kutcher Monique A. Lake, FESD Richard W. Lambrecht, Jr.

Michelle Y. Larsosa Michael Lobbia Thomas B. Locke, PE William S. Logan III Craig R. Love Warner Mach Richard W. Marks, PE Tito R. Marzotto, PE, FESD John B. McWilliams Janice Kathleen Means, PE, LEED AP, FESD Maria Lourdes Meldrum Kodie Renee Moore Lounzie Moss, Jr. Garth Motschenbacher, MBA Joseph F. Neussendorfer, FESD Jim Newman, FESD, CEM, CSDP, LEED AP BD+C, ASHRAE OPMP & BEAP Donald Nowosiadly Anonymous Anonymous Kevin Okeefe Lawrence Parets Robert Pawlowicz Donald D. Price, PhD, PE Coralie Reck in memory of David A. Skiven Larry A. Rose, PE James W. Rush Richard E. Rutz Pranab Saha, PhD, PE, INCE Bd Cert, FESD, FSAE (in honor of National Pi Day!) Peter F. Salamon, PE Mari Kay Scott (in memory of David A. Skiven) Charles K. Sestok III Kenneth D. Shinn, PE Douglas W. Smith Casey A. Sobczak, PE Donald R. Spivack, AICP Charles J. Squires Kirk T. Steudle, PE, FESD Leonard Charles Suchyta Gerald Swietlicki Lewis H. Tann Godfrey A. Udoji, PE Robert A. Van Ham, PE Kevin VarnHagen Michael J. Vinarcik, PE, FESD Don Walkowicz Raymond M. Womack Thomas J. P. Wysocki

Every effort has been made to provide an accurate list of donors. If there are any errors or omissions, please contact Nick Mason at or call 248-353-0735, ext. 127. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 11

ESD Event Highlights THE ESD SEVENTH ANNUAL GOLF OUTING ESD’s seventh annual golf outing was held on June 4 at Oak Point Country Club. The outing raises funds for student outreach in memory of ESD Fellow David A. Skiven’s unwavering support of the Society’s mission.

Again this year, the outing sold out quickly. Roughly 80% of total revenue raised goes directly to outreach programs like ESD’s Girls in Engineering Academy, Future City, and scholarships.

Team Design Systems (pictured) won the Honors Course this year. Team Ruby & Associates placed second. Closest to the pin on the Honors Course were Dylan Mathas and Erica Mazur. Nate Gereniejewski and Erica Mazur had the longest drives on the Honors Course this year.

Team Angelo Iafrate Construction (pictured) won the Champs Course this year, with Team Central Conveyor coming in second. Closest to the pin on the Champs Course were John Green and Mari Kay Scott. Bob Henderson and Erin Lawrence took home Longest Drive prizes on that course.

ESD Board member Malik Goodwin (second from left) with his father, ESD Past President Don Goodwin (far right) and family.

Students from the ESD Student Chapter at Michigan State University with golfers from Gensler, American Axle and General Motors who hosted them at the golf outing.


12 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

TechCentury Image Award presented to Jim Newman ames L. Newman, owner and managing partner of Newman Consulting Group, was awarded the TechCentury Image Award at The Engineering Society of Detroit’s annual dinner on June 20. Newman, an ESD Fellow, is also an author, international speaker and trainer. The ESD TechCentury Image Award is presented annually to individuals who have helped promote the engineering and technical professions through involvement in the community, mentoring, public service, public speaking, and presentations to various groups. Awardees work to engage in their professional societies by serving on committees and/or in leadership roles and use technology (i.e., social media or other tools) to promote the profession. Newman is known as one of the country’s most experienced energy efficiency and green building experts. Nicknamed the “Dean of Green,” he regularly speaks across the U.S. and internationally to professionals, student groups and the media about sustainability and green technology. Newman is an active member of many technical societies. He is a certified trainer for ASHRAE Energy Standard 90.1, the basis for building codes in most states, and has trained hundreds of architects, engineers, code officials and contractors on the use of the Standard. Newman received a BSME from Tufts University, Boston, MA, and continued his education for an MBA degree at the University of Detroit and Wayne State University in Detroit. Trained as a mechanical engineer, and having worked as an


HVAC sales representative early in his career, Newman studied how to maintain indoor air quality while saving energy and reducing the amount of outside air required. This lead to an interest in the then “new” concept of green and sustainable buildings, and helping buildings use less energy while still making people healthier and more productive. For decades, Jim has been promoting energy conservation measures and increased use of renewables. Today Newman Consulting Group helps commercial, industrial and multi-family property owners implement energy efficiency projects to eliminate waste and save money. His impressive list of credentials includes Certified Energy Manager (CEM), Certified Sustainable Development Professional (CSDP), LEED Accredited Professional (LEED AP), Operations and Performance Management Professional (OPMP), Building Energy Assessment Professional (BEAP) and ESD Fellow (FESD). Newman gets great reward from his work.“I’m most proud of what I’ve done to help people build buildings that are healthier—both for the individual and the planet,” Newman says, adding that healthier environs mean healthier, happier, more productive employees. “When air quality, etc., is better, people feel better. And millennials— our new workforce—are a generation that wants to work in a place they feel good about,” he explains. Having a love of and respect for the environment since he was a child, Newman says he was organic gardening as a 12-year-old living in Boston, Massachusetts. “I had a small plot where I took leaves and put them in a pile so they



would compost. It seemed like the right thing to do and it made a great place to cultivate night crawlers for fishing,” he says. “I’ve made a career at really being one with the earth. I still do it–sometimes I just lie down on the ground and stretch out and connect.” That connection has impressed many. “I have known Jim personally for many years and have often called upon him for industry support lectures, and training opportunities. I can’t say enough about his commitment and dedication to the environment and the mission of ESD,” says nominator Dennis King. Receiving the award, Newman says, was a great honor. “This award is very satisfying and it is good to know that other people feel the same way about the work we’re doing for the environment as I do. It reinforces that it’s making a difference.” The future, he says, holds more of the same satisfaction. “People have asked when I’m going to retire, but the work I do, it’s not like going to a job, instead it’s motivating and inspiring. I won’t retire because I’ve been ‘re-fired’ with purpose.” | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 13

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Turn the page and you will read about an elementary school designed to encourage STEM learning via floors painted with mathematical equations, a rain runoff system and exposed HVAC and plumbing … an historically true renovation of a Flint automotive plant … a facility for experimenting with rare isotope beams … and a LEED Gold certified university building designed to transform the relationship between students and professor. These were the winning projects being recognized in the 2018 Engineering Society of Detroit Construction and Design Awards. Now in its 44th year, the awards recognize the best of the best in architecture, construction skills, and workplace safety. Particular attention is paid to the close relationship between the designer, contractor and owner. Emphasis is also placed on sustainability and energy efficiency. Take a journey through the stories detailing this year’s C&D Award recipients … you’re sure to be impressed.

44th Annual Engineering Society of Detroit Construction and Design Winners U-M Art and Architecture Building A. Alfred Taubman Wing | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 15

Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams

16 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

44th Annual Engineering Society of Detroit Construction and Design Winner

Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams Owner: Michigan State University Designer: SmithGroupJJR Contractor: Barton Marlow Company The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a scientific research facility on the campus of Michigan State University for the Office of Nuclear Physics in the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The FRIB will enable scientists to make discoveries about the properties of rare isotopes, nuclear astrophysics, fundamental interactions and applications for society, including medicine, homeland security and industry. Working with MSU and the DOE, Barton Marlow Company, along with SmithGroupJJR, designed and built a world-class facility boasting sophisticated and robust structural, mechanical, and electrical systems to accommodate heavy loads of equipment integral to the FRIB’s groundbreaking research. The 250,000 square foot FRIB includes a linear accelerator underground tunnel, target gallery area and numerous designated support spaces. The highly developed utility infrastructure was designed to support facility power, cooling water, air and cable trays and conduits. Critical loads that cannot tolerate a power failure, such as control equipment for cryogenics, communications and oxygen deficiency hazard monitoring were essential protections to consider. When dealing with particles at the subatomic level, there is no room for error. The project team extensively documented, through digital photography, the exact nature and condition of all installations to ensure precision, accuracy and quality.

Using “plan of day” meetings and early-stage Building Information Modeling (BIM) to overcome any challenges, the FRIB program was delivered on time and within budget. BIM allowed the team to work virtually, solving challenges before they arose in the physical construction. Highlights of the project include the accelerator tunnel which required the area to be reinforced with 260 tons of steel. Then the team undertook a 3,200-cubic-yard high density concrete pour that ran continuously for more than 18 hours through snow and freezing rain. This was one of the largest pours in the state at the time, containing enough concrete to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool. The project did not seek LEED certification, however followed EPA guidelines to be as unobtrusive to the surrounding ecosystem, waterways and groundwater table. During the project, the team participated in many community events including charity golf outings. The project was home to MSU’s construction management students as part of Barton Marlow’s summer internship program. FRIB now provides research opportunities to 1,400 researchers from around the world. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 17

Central Park Elementary School

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44th Annual Engineering Society of Detroit Construction and Design Winner

Central Park Elementary School Owner: Midland Public Schools Designer: French Associates & Strategic Energy Solutions, Inc. Contractor: Barton Marlow Company As part of Midland Public Schools’ $121 million bond program, Central Park Elementary School is one of the most notable projects to be completed throughout the eight-year effort. The new $21 million school, which replaced and consolidated two aging elementary schools, focuses on STEM curriculum and was designed to encourage students to explore, question and collaborate. Uniquely, Central Park’s team was not limited to its architects, engineers and contractors. More than 30 community leaders, stakeholders, and educators were brought in to participate in the programming and planning of the school. The concept took a minimalist approach, exposing the inner workings of the facility and presenting the everyday STEM features of the building’s infrastructure. Exposing and labeling the building system components was not only a cost saver, but a teaching opportunity. As students walk through the halls, they can see plumbing pipes, HVAC ductwork, conduits and cable trays running overhead, each clearly labeled and color-coded. A large window in the media center looks into the boiler room and smaller windows in the hallways allow students to see plumbing chases and cabling inside of walls. Clear rain conductors can be found in each grades’ learning community, allowing students to watch rainwater pour down the spout and into a mini concrete river that flows across the playground pavement and out to the bio-swale, potentially leading to lessons and discussions in irrigation, erosion, water filtration and other topics.

Significant engineering and construction techniques were used in the project to keep it on budget and environmentally sound. While the project did not seek LEED certification, green and sustainable features include low-flow plumbing fixtures, high-efficiency condensing boilers, and variable flow hot and chilled water systems. Unit ventilators not only feature energy recovery but use ECMs which consume significantly less power. In addition, polished concrete floors were selected that stand up against high traffic and require little to no maintenance. Not a single surface in the school requires waxing or harsh chemicals to maintain. The project was delivered $1 million under budget and two months ahead of schedule. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 19

University of Michigan Art and Architecture Building A. Alfred Taubman Wing

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44th Annual Engineering Society of Detroit Construction and Design Winner

University of Michigan Art and Architecture Building A. Alfred Taubman Wing Owner: University of Michigan Designer: Preston Scott Cohen, Inc. & Integrated Design Solutions Contractor: The Christman Company Located on the University of Michigan’s campus, the A. Alfred Taubman Wing adjoins the existing Art and Architecture Building and houses the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, along with the Penny W. Stamps School of Art and Design. The goal of 37,220 square foot addition and 117,000 square foot renovation was to further the university’s teaching mission. Rather than just add more space, the expansive wing addition was designed to transform the relationship between students and faculty with a focus on communal and collaborative spaces. One of the most notable areas is the building’s 5,700 square foot, two-story commons. Surrounded by a series of spiral-like stairs and ramps, the sequences create encounters between faculty and students, a place where all can meet. In addition, more than 5,000 square feet of new studio means an additional 20 percent of space per student, with state-of-the-art classrooms handling large classes and unconventional workspace organization. The team overcame several challenges throughout the project. For example, using Building Information Modeling (BIM) Christman was able to determine that the design of the underground HHW mains was not working with the foundation layout for multiple reasons. The team proposed switching to an above ceiling design, which accomplished the same thing, saved lead time on material delivery, saved the university unnecessary costs and prevented potential maintenance issues down the road.

With LEED Gold certification, the building’s design and systems include energy efficient features that allow for an estimated 37 percent energy savings. Occupancy sensors turn off lights and HVAC systems when spaces are unoccupied and displacement ventilation was implemented to provide ventilation air to the occupant breathing zone. During construction, 79 percent of construction waste was diverted from landfills while 30 percent of the total building material content was extracted and manufactured with 500 miles of the project site. In addition, 37 percent of the total building materials contained recycled content. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 21

General Motors Durant-Dort Factory One

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44th Annual Engineering Society of Detroit Construction and Design Winner

General Motors Durant-Dort Factory One Owner: General Motors Company Designer: SmithGroupJJR Contractor: Brencal Contractors Inc. Preserving the historical design and adapting the building for use was the top priority of the GM Durant-Dort Factory One building project. Built over time beginning in 1888, the original wood frame of the 30,000 square foot carriage factory had weathered harsh winters, spring floods and was in a state of disrepair. Erosion, grade changes and brick deterioration caused walls to bow, columns to tilt and ceilings to shift. With historical design at the forefront, the exterior was meticulously rebuilt as a conservation of the fabric of Flint, Michigan’s early industrial era. The interior of the site was strategically repurposed by replacing all mechanical and electrical systems within the facility to bring the property up to standards. In addition, an environmentally controlled, conservation-level archive was implemented into the 130-year-old structure allowing for the continual preservation of the extensive 100,000 piece automotive archive, established at Kettering University in 1974, at its new permanent home in Factory One. The project was completed on budget with a total construction cost of $8.9 million, exterior renovation cost of $2.4 million and interior renovation of $6.5 million. SmithGroupJJR’s Building Technology Specialist did a complete exterior and interior 3D scan, providing the design team with a visual to define building problems and challenges and address them before construction began. Brencal Contractors performed with zero-loss time incidents during the 37,000 hours of work.

Upgrades included all LED lights throughout interior, heat reduction from LED to reduce air conditioning expenses, window replacements to retain the historic appearance while improving energy savings, a new high-performance HVAC system, and rejuvenated natural landscape features. The team also recycled demolition materials to prevent sending them to landfills. With the Factory One renovation project, GM has come full circle–back to its roots. The facility is now a resource to influence generations of scholars and community members to become innovators and leaders. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 23

Bridges That Last a Century Will Be Big Stuff BY MATT ROUSH

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ompared to giant structures like the Mackinac Bridge, the bridge carrying I-75 over the Sexton and Kilfoil Drain in Allen Park wouldn’t seem to be all that impressive. But appearances can be deceiving. It’s what’s inside the bridge–or more precisely, what’s inside its reinforced prestressed bulb-T sections—that really counts. Because what’s inside them isn’t the usual steel reinforcing bars. Instead, there are innovative strands made of continuous carbon fiber, which is far lighter than steel and far more durable, because it doesn’t corrode. At 150 feet, the I-75 bridge is the longest carbon-fiber reinforced and prestressed highway bridge ever built in the Western Hemisphere. And it’s built to last a century. The work is part of the lifelong research focus of Nabil Grace, dean of the College of Engineering at Lawrence Technological University in Southfield. Grace is principal investigator on two research contracts totaling about $500,000 to study the benefits of carbon fiber prestressing strands. Mena Bebawy, assistant professor of civil and architectural engineering at LTU, is co-principal investigator. The research contracts are funded by the federal government and state departments of transportation in Maine, Michigan, North Carolina and Ohio. The research is being conducted in the field, where MDOT jointly with LTU has supervised the construction of seven highway bridges using the material already. A bridge in Southfield carrying Bridge Street over the Rouge River was the first, in 2001. Others include

Pembroke Avenue over the Southfield Freeway (M-38) in Detroit, 2011; a bridge carrying M-50 and US-127 over a railroad track in Jackson, 2012; twin bridges carrying Eight Mile Road (M-102) over Plum Creek on the Southfield-Detroit border, 2013 and 2014; two bridges carrying I-94 over Lapeer Road in Port Huron; M-86 over Prairie Creek in southwest Michigan’s St. Joseph County, 2016; and the aforementioned I-75 bridge in Allen Park, constructed in 2017. And research is also being conducted in LTU’s Center for Innovative Materials Research (CIMR). CIMR has a unique array of environmental and loading testing chambers—a fire and loading chamber that can be heated up to 2,300 degrees Fahrenheit, and a foul-weather and loading chamber that can simulate everything from blinding ice storms to desert heat at temperatures ranging from -40 to 180 degrees Fahrenheit. CIMR also features cranes capable of lifting structures up to 25,000 pounds that are up to 100 feet long, and devices that can subject them to loads of up to a million pounds of repeated and dynamic loading. “We’re conducting performance testing under freeze and thaw cycles, severe weather conditions, and under fire, as an example. If for some reason the structure is exposed to fire, we want to see how long it would last before the bridge would start to experience failure,” Bebawy says. Bebawy says the project includes monitoring the performance of carbon-fiber reinforced concrete

bridge beams that are being subjected to three years of accelerated wear and tear, data he says can be extrapolated out to predict performance under the entire planned 100-year lifespan of the bridge. This year, LTU is participating in the construction of an even larger bridge using carbon fiber strands–a bridge carrying M-3, Gratiot Avenue, over I-94 in Detroit. Grace says the bridge will be the widest carbon-fiber 40 carbon fiber reinforced prestressed bulb-T sections. “Under MDOT supervision, the fabrication with carbon fiber prestressing strands started in March, and we are hoping to have the bridge open to the public by the end of the year,” Grace says. Most of LTU’s carbon fiber bridges “speak”– they’re loaded with data sensors to detect stresses and loads, data that is available to researchers anytime over the internet. Matt Chynoweth, chief bridge engineer and director of the Bureau of Bridges and Structures at the Michigan Department of Transportation, says he thinks the carbonfiber bridges have a bright future. He noted that they’re significantly more expensive than traditional steelreinforced bridges. “But that’s initial cost,” he says. “From a lifecycle cost perspective, we’re anticipating it’s going to have huge benefits. Years down the road, we’re not going to have to close lanes and affect mobility to make repairs. As far as I’m concerned that initial investment upfront is worth it. We’re expecting it to last 100 years.” Chynoweth says another carbon fiber reinforced bridge is planned for construction in 2019, carrying Brush Street over I-94. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 25

MDOT’s Road to the Future: Smart Corridors and the US-23 Flex Route BY KARI MARTIN



In 2014, the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) began a partnership with General Motors, Ford Motor Co., and a University of Michigan (U-M) consortium to deploy vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication technologyenabled corridors on more than 120 miles of Metro Detroit roadway. This is the largest deployment of freeway and surface street V2I technology in the United States. When completed, Michigan’s technology-enabled “smart corridors” will span I-96, I-696, I-94, and US-23. Smart corridors use cameras, sensors and the power of big data to help drivers stay safer, avoid construction, and spend less time in traffic.

The State of Michigan’s Planet M initiative includes mobility organizations, communities, educational institutions, research and development, and governmental agencies who are uniting together to develop, test and deploy mobility and connected and automated vehicle (CAV) technologies. Through this initiative, MDOT continues its partnership with the U-M Mobility Transformation Center (MTC) and the American Center for Mobility (ACM). These world-class mobility testing facilities provide a safe environment for research, testing and development of vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and V2I technologies. The MTC’s M-City CAV site in Ann Arbor

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includes 32 acres where a broad range of complexities that vehicles may encounter in urban and suburban environments are simulated. The ACM in Ypsilanti Township includes 500 acres and is a national center for CAV research, testing, product development, validation, and certification. The ACM worked closely with MDOT to provide unique facilities such as a highwayspeed test loop and double overpasses along with the ACM’s off-road, urban, rural, residential and commercial environments. “At MDOT, our goal is zero deaths on the road system,” says State Transportation Director Kirk T. Steudle. “That may sound lofty, but safety defines everything MDOT does. We also know that despite exponential

advances in safety by automakers and highway design engineers, human error will still result in crashes. Establishing technology-enabled corridors capitalizes on a tremendous public-private partnership and will allow us to test ways for vehicles to communicate with the infrastructure and with other vehicles to prevent many crashes, ultimately saving thousands of lives.”

US-23 FLEX ROUTE To reach these lofty goals, MDOT is not only implementing ways to collect data through sensors and cameras on its “smart corridors” but is using technology to operate its system and provide opportunities to enable entities like MTC and ACM to eventually develop and deploy their V2V technologies in connection with Michigan’s infrastructure. In 2017, MDOT opened its first Flex Route along US-23 in Washtenaw and Livingston Counties. For years, the problems of peak-hour directional traffic, incident management and corridor operations and safety eluded the department. All short-term solutions for congestion, operations and incident management were exhausted through the implementation of Intelligent Transportation System and expansion of a Freeway Courtesy Patrol. However, a long-term solution to adequately address safety, recurring and non-recurring

congestion and incident management was still needed. Due to Michigan’s infrastructure funding challenges and an estimated construction cost of over $185 million to widen the US-23 corridor, MDOT investigated other innovative ways to solve the corridor’s operational and safety problems. The US-23 Flex Route was the solution. Completed in 2017, the US-23 Flex Route is nine miles in length from M-14 to M-36 north of Ann Arbor. The project included construction of road, bridge and interchange operational improvements and Active Traffic Management (ATM) strategies for the US-23 corridor to address daily recurring and non-recurring traffic, incident management and overall motorist safety. Using the Flex Route’s lane control gantry system, MDOT can now dynamically manage recurrent and non-recurrent congestion through technology and operational ATM strategies including dynamic lane control and shoulder use, variable speed advisories and queue warning. Since deployment, the US-23 Flex Route has improved planning time by 57 percent and travel time by 32 percent during the morning peak hours, and corridor speeds have increased by approximately 20 mph. MDOT anticipates that over time the incidents of primary and secondary crashes will be reduced. Overall, the US-23 Flex Route has improved congestion and advanced

transportation systems management and operations for the corridor. It has also had a significant impact on the reliability, safety and mobility for the motorists who travel US-23. According to Michigan’s Governor Rick Snyder: “The US-23 Flex Route is one more advancement toward improving economic growth in Michigan. It fits in perfectly with the Planet M initiative, as well as mobility, education and research and development partnerships like M-City and the American Center for Mobility. Michigan is a world leader in transportation mobility; however, it isn’t just about autonomous and connected vehicles. Transportation mobility also is about smart infrastructure. The US-23 Flex Route is a perfect illustration of the future of V2I and smart infrastructure technologies. If you want to catch up with the world of transportation mobility, come to the great State of Michigan so we can show you all that we are accomplishing.”

Kari Martin is a recognized industry leader in transportation planning, project development and project management for the Michigan Department of Transportation and has had the privilege of serving the motorists of the great State of Michigan for 26 years. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 27

Editor’s note: this is the fifth in a series of articles addressing key aspects of the National Academy of Engineering’s (NAE) and the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) list of The Grand Challenges of Engineering in the 21st Century. In this piece, we are taking the challenge “Engineering the Tools of Scientific Discovery”—addressing the need for engineers to be partners with scientists in the great quest for understanding—and isolating the challenge even further with our Michigan Mega Projects theme to provide insights on collaborative process in engineering among its many fields.

Integrated Project Delivery: Complicated Collaboration or Improbable Panacea? BY WILLIAM A. MOYLAN ntegrated Project Delivery (IPD) has been touted with both raves and reservation as a construction project delivery method. IPD boasts better buildings thanks to multiparty contracting with trustworthy partners. However, detractors warn that IPD remains as complicated as it is collaborative. In IPD, project risks are shared equally among the multiparty contract entities and offer subsequent profit sharing from any positive budget balances. Removing the associated liability encourages the parties to focus on producing an economical design and executing the construction activity efficiently and effectively. The IPD project is organized like a business with early involvement of key players, incorporating shared team decision-making and control. Orientation [onboarding] is critical because IPD’s approach, process and vocabulary are different from the normal project delivery methods. In IPD, the facility owner pays all contract signatories’ direct costs and overhead, theoretically stripped of profit. The team of designers and contractors contribute to a profit pool, based on a target price. The risk of losing money is minimal with the opportunity to share in the net budget savings (i.e., profit). Moreover, IPD offers opportunities for repeat business with trusted partners. However, skeptics remain. The typical designer and constructor, both pragmatic by nature, has honed their business skills from the school of hard knocks. IPD seems complicated to those not attuned to team-based, creative problem solving. IPD participants must be technically knowledgeable with the requisite business savvy, be good at ‘playing well’ with others, and exhibit good communication skills. Simply put, IPD throws out the traditional rules of the construction game. In an Engineering News-Record cover story (June 10, 2015), the title tells the story “Raves and Reservations: Integrated project delivery zealots boast better buildings thanks to multiparty contracting but warn the IPD remains as complicated as it is collaborative.” The IPD discussion/debate notes



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HOW WHO PreDesign

Schematic Design Design Development

Construction Documents





Critera Design Detailed Design

Implementation Agency Construction Documents Buyout



A comparison between the traditional design and Integrated Project Delivery

several game-changing points. Unlike the design–build project delivery method which typically places the contractor in the leading role on a building project, IPD represents a collaboration concept where the entire building team -- including the owner, architect, general contractor, building engineers, fabricators, and subcontractors -- work collaboratively throughout the construction process. This collaborative approach allows informed decision making early in the project where the most value can be created. IPD combines ideas from integrated practice and lean construction to solve several problems in contemporary construction such as low productivity and waste, time overruns, quality issues, and conflicts during construction among the key stakeholders of owner, architect and contractor. The close collaboration eliminates a great deal of waste in the design, and allows data sharing

directly between the design and construction team, eliminating a large barrier to increased productivity in construction.

IPD PRIMER First, IPD requires sharing project risks as a team among the multiparty contract entities. Removing liability encourages the parties to focus on producing an economical design and executing efficiently and effectively as possible. Second, each project organized much like a business with early involvement of key players, and, team decision making and control. For newcomers, orientation [called onboarding] is critical because IPD’s approach, process and vocabulary are vastly different from the normal project delivery methods [Design-Bid-Build, CM at Risk, Design-Build]. And thirdly, in IPD, the facility owner pay signatories’ direct costs and overhead, theoretically striped of profit. Designers and contractors contribute to a profit pool, Closeout based on a target price. The risk of losing money is minimal, according to the ENR article. The sharing of project risks, especially the “waiver of liability” associated Closeout costs, offers significant rewards for the team partners. The brave new world of IPD beckons. IPD has three main steps: First, the integrated practice is defined. Using the computer aided design (CAD) technologies such as the Building Information Modeling (BIM) is recommended in the stage to allow efficiency in the workflow. Second, the essential principles and collaboration policies should be set as necessary and the compliance should be enforced with in the IPD team. Finally, project workflow should be cleared and started by the Integrated Team and concluding with Integrated Closeout (AIA/CC, 2010). The foundation of IPD is built on collaboration. Successful IPD endeavors require the following essential principals in order to live well and prosper: (a) mutual respect, (b) mutual benefit, (c) early goal definition, (d) enhanced communication, (e) clearly defined open standards, (f ) appropriate technology, (g) high performance, and, (h) leadership (AIA, 2007). These principals are not easily acquired and require significant investments in time and effort to initiate, develop and then sustain.

IPD BENEFITS The benefits of IPD are evident in improved project execution–improvements in budget performance [cost], time efficiency [schedule], and facility serviceability

[quality]. In addition, the integrated team approach will benefit the participants as to a more satisfying project experience based on trusting relationships and a lean approach [less waste] to the construction of the facility.

CHALLENGES USING THE IPD APPROACH The IPD approach challenges the facility owner, the designer and the constructors alike. Overall, it is critical that all three entities; i.e., the Facility Owner, Designer and Constructor, equally agree on the contract as well as believe in the process. The IPD differences in contractual obligations and consensus teaming versus the traditional adversary approach, gives rise to fundamental cultural shifts and non-conventional project experience that must be addressed, or at least admitted by the project participants (NASFA, 2014). IPD is a brave new world. In conclusion, the relational contracting approach of IPD offers the benefits of improved project performance [better quality, faster completion time and lower overall cost] and trusting partnership [improved team relations and less waste]. These benefits outweigh the costs of early involvement with detailed planning, team development [onboarding], investment in BIM [technology], and, shared risks [waiver of liability]. The true test of IPD will be the improvements in long term relationships amongst the partners that leads to repeat business. Trusting partnerships, endemic to IPD, fosters the ethical relations that leads to long-term profitability. The IPD “integrity chain” (James, 2002) links integrity in the process, trust amongst the members, and repeat business based on satisfactory performance and quality, and, a profitable relationship for each of the parties. Keeping strong egos in check will continue to a challenge, be it the overtly controlling facility owner, creative architect, or independent minded contractor. People are people. IPD will be a continuing study of creating possibilities for improved constructed facilities through collaborative cooperation. IPD is both the complicated collaboration and improbable panacea. Article references available upon request.

William Moylan, PhD, PMP, FESD, is an Associate Professor, College of Technology, Eastern Michigan University. A consultant, trainer, educator, expert witness and practitioner in professional Project Management and Construction Engineering, Dr. Moylan has extensive professional experience in all aspects of program and project management, including over eleven years internationally with the Arabian American Oil Co, and since 1983 has been involved in implementing information technology. He serves on the TechCentury Editorial Board. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 29

Detroit Mercy capstone project gives students the chance to change lives BY AMY SKIMIN


niversity of Detroit Mercy students saw the culmination of two semesters of work—not to mention four years of learning—when they presented life-changing capstone projects to veterans at Detroit’s John D. Dingell VA Medical Center. Engineering students teamed with Nursing students and Biomedical Engineering students from Lawrence Technological University to work with the veterans on assistive devices to help ease difficulties with everyday tasks brought on by physical disabilities. Many of the ideas were simple and aimed at activities a lot of people take for granted, like a retrofit lift mechanism, powered by a cordless drill, which could lift a client’s wheelchair over a shower curb, allowing him easier access to bathing facilities. In fact, it’s often the simplest ideas that are the most successful, says Molly McClelland, professor of Nursing at Detroit Mercy. She and Darrell Kleinke, associate professor of Mechanical Engineering, along with Assistant Professor Mansoor Nasir of Lawrence Tech, are the faculty in charge of the program. It started almost a decade ago, when Kleinke was tasked with developing a capstone design course for the Mechanical Engineering program. Traditionally, such courses focus on automotive design, but Kleinke saw, instead, an opportunity for students to make a difference in people’s lives. He recruited McClelland, who initially acted as a healthcare consultant, but she quickly realized there were opportunities for Nursing students, too. “Right after the first semester, I thought, ‘I want my students involved in this,’ ” McClelland recalled. She offered it as an independent study course to Nursing students, and an interdisciplinary partnership was born. It has gained popularity to the point that McClelland 30 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

has had to cap the number of students she can accept. “I don’t have enough room to take everyone,” she says. When they started, Kleinke was initially worried they would run out of clients, but instead, the opposite has been true. “There is a mountain of need,” he says. This year, six teams took on projects based around specific client needs. In September, each team was assigned a client, most of whom are veterans, and they met to begin brainstorming ways to address the need. McClelland, Kleinke and Nasir helped the students focus their ideas, to keep them from getting too big or creating too much liability, but beyond that, the students were largely self-directed as they designed and built their devices. They had two semesters to complete their work, which included a usable prototype that was given to the client. The road was not always smooth. “Going in, I knew there were going to be failures,” says Detroit Mercy Mechanical Engineering student Jack Brewer, “but I didn’t expect as many.” Still, he added, this was not necessarily a bad thing: “Failure leads to innovation,” he explained.

Additionally, learning that failure is part of the process—and that it’s OK to fail—will help the students as they start their careers. Melissa Ramirez, also a Mechanical Engineering student, recalled how she and her teammates had to learn to get over their fear of failing, realizing, “it’s better to just do something.” After all, you can fix an idea that doesn’t work, but you have to have a place to start. In total, each project costs an average of $1,000 to $2,000, funded by donations from Fiat Chrysler Automotive and other sponsors. But the value of the program is much greater. “The best part is watching the expressions on the students’ faces at the presentation as

One project students developed is an accessible sink that installs into a kitchen without the need for renovations. The sink attaches to a standard countertop and deploys to a wheelchair-friendly height when in use, then stows out of the way on top of a standard countertop when not in use.

they unveil what they have created,” McClelland says. “You can see how they’ve used the information they’ve been getting for four years, and how they’ve done it in a way that has a direct impact on somebody’s life. As an educator, that’s our whole goal.” Adrienne Minerick, together with Mary Raber, assistant dean of academic programs in Michigan Tech’s Pavlis Honors College (not pictured), is developing a handheld point-of-care device to type ABO-Rh blood and hematocrit (blood cell concentration) in five minutes. The device is being engineered to be as easy to use as a blood glucose meter.

Another project is a device that enables grip and lift abilities for individuals who have lost hand grip strength and dexterity. This device helps users easily manage routing abilities, such as grasping a frying pan and carry objects. It also provides users the ability to rest their arm and help pull them up.

SEEKING MANUFACTURERS University of Detroit Mercy is currently seeking manufacturers for a wheelchair escalator created as part of the veterans project in 2016. Through a special project with the John Dingell Veterans Hospital in downtown Detroit, University of Detroit Mercy Engineering Professors Darrell Kleinke and Nassif Rayess and Nursing Professor Molly McClelland worked with several Detroit Mercy engineering and nursing students to design and build the prototype of a powered platform lift called the Wheelchair Escalator. The product was designed to safely transfer a person in a wheelchair up a three to 10-step staircase, moving vertically and horizontally, mirroring the action of an escalator. To watch a demonstration of the wheelchair escalator, please visit For more information, please contact Detroit Mercy’s Marketing & Communications Department at 313-578-0339 or email

Amy Skimin is a communications specialist and senior writer for the Marketing & Communications Department at University of Detroit Mercy. She can be reached at or 313-993-1254. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 31


Retired Engineer. Now What? BY LARRY SAK

erriam-Webster defines networking as “the exchange of information or services among individuals, groups, or institutions; specifically: the cultivation of productive relationships for employment or business.” During my nearly thirty-five year career in engineering at Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA), I was able to develop a robust professional internal and external network, and experienced firsthand many business-related advantages from this effort. However, the benefits of networking can apply whether you are gainfully employed, pursuing an internal or external job change, in school, or simply possess a desire to remain active, engaged, and relevant in one’s field of expertise. When I made the decision in late 2017 to retire, my desire to remain active and engaged made it easy to see significant value with maintaining and even expanding many of these relationships. The following are some of the ways I have been able to achieve this. Professional organizations provide ample opportunity to stay relevant and connected. With engineering and automobiles as two of my primary lifelong passions, it goes without saying that maintaining an active role within the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International fuels both passions, with over 128,000 international members and numerous benefits including access to technology resources and a wide variety of professional development opportunities (SAE goes beyond automobiles and represents any form of self-powered vehicle). SAE’s Member Connection also provides a daily open forum allowing virtual conferences allowing one to “chat with a SAE Subject Matter Expert” on a variety of topics. Similarly, the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) unites over 22,000 plastics professionals from 84 countries worldwide with SPE’s “The Chain” an excellent online forum covering a wide variety of technical topics. Equivalent professional organizations and societies across all other engineering disciplines


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provide like resources encouraging networking, knowledge sharing, events, and training. Remaining active with the Engineering Society of Detroit, including serving on the TechCentury Editorial Board, has introduced me to a new group of enthusiastic individuals from academia and businesses outside automotive, and with it a better understanding of their passions, challenges, and many general themes and challenges that run across all areas of engineering. I also had the privilege and pleasure to serve as a finals judge for the 2018 ESD Michigan Regional Future

“…seeking relevant and interesting continuing education through other channels, such as ESD, drives interaction with like-minded individuals.”

City Competition, and seeing the enthusiasm of these students encouraged me to look for opportunities to continue volunteering and mentoring engineers of the future. When I started my career, using any of the current myriad of social media alternatives for networking purposes was not an option. That has clearly changed. Establishing a diverse network of contacts on my LinkedIn network provides me with an easy way to stay in touch with those individuals, even as one or both of us moves to a new position or location, and the power of a

strong LinkedIn network has been confirmed multiple times since I retired, as I have been approached with a variety of consulting and employment opportunities. Keeping my LinkedIn profile current, and expanding my technical knowledge base to stay relevant, supports this. As many of you know, being a licensed Professional Engineer in the State of Michigan now requires continuing education (CE) to maintain certification. While employed, FCA’s internal Engineering College provided ample alternatives to strengthen, reinforce and expand my knowledge on a wide variety of engineering topics, and achieve these important CE mandates. Now seeking relevant and interesting continuing education through other channels, such as ESD, drives interaction with like-minded individuals. Remaining connected with educational institutions also provides me with a variety of benefits and satisfaction. I am fortunate to have been able to complete my educational experiences at three separate universities within Michigan. Keeping these channels open allows me access to a variety of resources and educational opportunities, and also the opportunity to give back to these institutions that were fundamental to my development as a successful engineer. Finally, a healthy and active lifestyle remains very important to me. I was fortunate that the FCA Running Club, under the leadership of FCA engineer Ron Papke, encouraged this objective for runners of all abilities, and supported team entry into multiple organized events and races around the state. The club welcomes retirees, so in addition to the physical benefits and comradery, this also provides me with another avenue to stay connected with many of my former FCA colleagues and that network. As a recent engineering retiree, I have found it is easy to remain “on the grid” and stay active, engaged and relevant. You can, too!

Larry Sak, PE was the Head of Materials Engineering for FCA US LLC prior to retiring in December of 2017 after almost 35 years with the company. He holds a BSME from MSU, MSME from Oakland University, and MBA from University of Detroit Mercy, and can be reached at | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 33

M I C H I G A N’S M E G A EN Little Caesars Arena Project Engineering and



ike and Marian Ilitch, co-founders of Little Caesars, had long envisioned Detroit’s current resurgence and took many steps to bring that vision to life. The Ilitch organization’s vision is taking shape as the innovative Little Caesars Arena entertainment and retail complex approaches its one-year anniversary and The District Detroit continues the momentum. As a key anchor of The District Detroit and the new home of the Detroit Red Wings and the Detroit Pistons, the Michigan-made, Detroit-built venue quickly inspired innovative design and complex engineering concepts before construction officially began in April 2015. By using revolutionary design and engineering principles, The Little Caesars Arena project is not only helping realize and fuel the Ilitch vision for a better Detroit but it is providing a blueprint for how first-class sports and entertainment districts can be executed. The venue both breaks and joins tradition, blending the local neighborhood with the arena activity in a variety of spaces such as The Via atrium, Chevrolet Plaza and four unique restaurants. The mega-project, which debuted in September 2017, is the result of collaborative work among several companies, including consultant, Street-Works Development; architecture-engineering firm, HOK; and Magnusson Klemencic Associates. Barton Malow-HuntWhite, which previously worked on the Ilitch company’s Comerica Park project, provided award-winning construction management, and Plante Moran served as program manager for arena construction. With the help of Detroit area-based agency Zoyes Creative Group and Stratasys Direct Manufacturing in California, engineers and architects used 3D modeling to help tune the construction before a shovel hit the ground. The complex’s faceted exterior seeks to integrate with the surrounding mixed-used community. The arena’s most unique features include: a deconstructed design that separates the tightly built 20,000-seat bowl from its exterior walls; an interactive “jewel-skin,” a cutting-edge safety-first Skydeck Wire Tension Grid; and the pedestrian-friendly, glass-covered atrium called the Via. The arena draws fans closer to the action, pushing seats forward and up. The immersive 34 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

GI N E E R I N G P R O J E C T S: Fueled by Ground-Breaking Innovative Design design provides better sightlines and even includes a special upper section, or “gondola,” that hangs over the event level. State-of-the-art acoustics—complemented by the bowl’s shape, arena surface materials, and seating arrangements—help to amplify the excitement from the home-town audience. Inspired by the covered streets in Europe, the Via—the pedestrian-friendly atrium on the east and south sides of the arena—connects the bowl to its amenities. Those niceties include several concessions; the main Team Store; four stand-alone restaurants; and the multi-story office space that houses Google, 313 Presents, Olympia Entertainment and the Detroit Red Wings administrative team. The walkway’s roof, made of a glass-like polymer called Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene, or ETFE, and an elevated walkway joining the arena to its nearby parking deck, protect fans from the outdoor elements. The Via also features a unique 600-feet long textured aluminum “jewel-skin” that can display video and graphics thanks to LED lighting and a 12-laser projection system. Following the curved form of the arena bowl, this surface allows teams and entertainers to animate the roomy concourse. The jewel skin complements the other interactive LED accents interspersed throughout the arena. Designed by the Farmington Hills-based Illuminating Concepts, arena collaborators say the lighting creates moments for fans experiencing the evening’s event outside of the bowl. Notably, Little Caesars Arena features the world’s largest Skydeck Wire Tension Grid, a steel-supported woven wire walking surface above the arena floor that makes it safer and easier for concert crews to access lighting, sound and rigging and to unload and assemble stage props. At most entertainment venues, crews rely on a more time-consuming system involving ladders and other supports. The LA Forum indoor arena in the Los Angeles area features the only other Skydeck grid system in the nation. The arena’s system, installed with the help of InterAmerica Stage, Inc., features 372 modular panels. The grid features LED lighting and allows the arena ceiling to be lowered by at least 30 feet, creating an illuminating experience for concert-goers and sports fans. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 35

The arena makes use of space below street level starting with the event level, 40 feet underground. Locker rooms, exclusive clubs and The BELFOR Training Center practice facility for Red Wings and amateur hockey groups, sit several dozen feet below Chevrolet Plaza, the 4,000-square-foot public, open-air event space that features its own video screen. Little Caesars Arena, which was engineered to produce quick entrance times and minimized wait times for visitors, also provides competitive advantages for performers and production crews. The arena boasts a dock with seven bays and enough room for multiple semi-trucks to enter and exit the building simultaneously. Other notable arena features include the Budweiser Biergarten, a patio and lawn area boasting a glassenclosed pavilion bar and a retractable roof. The Ilitch organization, in tandem with the arena’s construction, made millions of dollars in public infrastructure improvements including lights, sidewalks and median work along Woodward Avenue. The opening of the arena, coupled with the anticipated debut of the Little Caesars world headquarters campus expansion and the Mike Ilitch School of Business at Wayne State University, has delivered a more than $1.2 billion investment on Detroit, the region and the state of Michigan. The continued transformation of blighted blocks and forthcoming retail, office, and residential projects are expected to add even more momentum to Detroit’s promising recovery.

FAST FACTS ABOUT THE LCA More than 1,400 TVs and display screens The largest seamless centerhung scoreboards in professional sports $11 million fiber-optic system with 1,000plus Wi-Fi access points Seven lounges and clubs Three escalators

Michelle D. Anderson is a Detroit-based writer for Olympia Development of Michigan.

36 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018



ichigan Gov. Rick Snyder, along with business, government and academic leaders, celebrated the grand opening of the American Center for Mobility (ACM) and welcomed Microsoft as the exclusive data and cloud provider for the mobility center at the historic Willow Run site this spring. John Maddox, ACM president and CEO, announced that Microsoft will provide ACM with cloud resources and data infrastructure to advance the testing and development of connected and automated vehicles as well as mobility technologies. ACM will collaborate with Microsoft to design a cloud-based Data Management & Analytics Platform to collect, store and analyze data from tests conducted at the center. The system will be based on the Microsoft Azure cloud platform. Using Azure and DMAP will enable ACM and its partners to accelerate the development of connected and autonomous vehicle technologies, apps and industry standards, to create a safe environment for testing, validating, and enabling collaboration across all members. “Vehicles are quickly becoming data centers on wheels, and the opportunity to use the vast amounts of information generated to fuel innovation is unprecedented,” says Kevin Dallas, corporate vice president for artificial intelligence and intelligent cloud business development at Microsoft. “We’re proud ACM has selected Microsoft Azure as its exclusive cloud provider for its intelligent capabilities and the enterprise-grade security and compliance required to develop comprehensive solutions that help drive the future of mobility.” Microsoft joins a long list of companies supporting ACM, including its founders AT&T, Visteon, Toyota,

Ford and Hyundai America Technical Center Inc., and sponsors Subaru of America Inc. and Adient. In addition to serving as the center’s exclusive data and cloud provider, Microsoft will also hold a position on ACM’s Industry Advisory Board (IAB). Located on a 500-acre site that once housed a World War II bomber plant, ACM opened its doors for testing in December. One of 10 federally designated proving grounds for developing and testing self-driving vehicles, the center provides several real-world environments with the ability to test under a range of driving environments and infrastructure. Included are a 2.5-mile highway loop, a 700-foot curved tunnel, a six-lane boulevard, a two-lane arterial road, two double overpasses, and various intersections and roundabouts. The grand opening coincided with the start of ACM’s next phase of construction, which will add an urban intersection by this summer, followed by a series of building facades and additional urbanized infrastructure expected by the end of the year. The expansion project also includes a headquarters and lab with demonstration space. ACM is a joint initiative of the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Economic Development Corp., the University of Michigan, the CEO organization Business Leaders for Michigan, Ann Arbor Spark—the economic development organization for Washtenaw and Livingston counties— and Ypsilanti Township. The American Center for Mobility is part of PlanetM, a collaboration of private industry, government and institutions of higher learning with the common goal of leading the development of smart solutions that will change the way people and goods are transported across all modes of transportation. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 37

Ethics in Engineering

Big growth can bring big problems Lessening the negative effects of mega projects BY KARYN STICKEL


he projects featured in this issue of TechCentury include many innovative, sustainable projects that already have or will greatly enhance the regions, neighborhoods or areas that they serve. The large projects provide much public value, not in just the areas that they were constructed but in the region as a whole. They provide economic stimulus, amenities, jobs and aesthetic improvements. However, these projects also cause social, environmental and aesthetic impacts which must be weighed along with the benefits. As engineers, architects, planners, and designers, we have a responsibility to ask questions to explore the unintended consequences of proposed projects to determine what possible outcomes may occur that may have a negative benefit on the community. As with all mega projects, not all outcomes are positive; and for these projects, we must weigh the negative impacts of these projects. Oftentimes, those that are most closely affected, those that will be relocated, or impacted on daily basis due to traffic, noise, and the addition of many more people to the area, react negatively to these types of projects. These impacts should be mitigated in a way that provides the most positive experience for all affected people.

38 | TechCentury | SUMMER 2018

We have learned many lessons regarding these impacts over the years. For example, in the past, it was thought that it was best to push highways into urban cities in order to create modern, urban areas. We now see that this did damage to cities such as Detroit by destroying vibrant, historic neighborhoods and limiting mobility. We are trying to undo that damage by restoring these areas with a more pedestrian-friendly layout. Many cities are now trying to eliminate the highways that have crossed through city areas, from the Big Dig in Boston, to the potential elimination of I-375 here in Detroit.

We have learned many lessons regarding these impacts over the years.

In the past, eminent domain has been used to push through development and tear down neighborhoods. This is often met with protests as people are forced from their homes. While this is sometimes necessary for public use, it must be done in a conscientious and fair manner, and must include just compensation. Unfortunately, in cases like this, it is often impossible to make everyone happy, and therefore, the projects must indeed add to the public good. What can we do to assure that large projects try to mitigate the negative effects that are oftentimes associated with large projects? One thought is to hold an “unintended consequences” meeting or forum at the beginning of a large project. This allows stakeholders or affected people to comment upon their concerns on a project. While not all of these comments or concerns can be addressed or eliminated, this will allow the project team to think about outcomes of the projects which may not have been clearly communicated during planning stages. It will also allow stakeholders to have a chance to have their concerns heard. Development is moving in the direction of thinking about the long term impacts of their projects on neighborhood and people. The District Detroit project is an example of this type of thinking, going beyond the construction of a new sports arena. The project includes the revitalization of a 50-block area factoring in infrastructure and street improvements, as well as investments in new businesses that will draw in more people, and improve the economy. The tax revenues from the arena will also go to revitalize neighborhoods in the City. Similarly, for the construction of the Gordie Howe International Bridge, homes will need to be removed. The City of Detroit is offering these people homes in other parts of the city in exchange for voluntarily leaving, including moving costs and renovations. While this involves leaving homes that many people have grown up in, the use of land bank properties to relocate people tries to address that issue. These mega projects have major impacts on areas, both positive and negative. Attempting to mitigate the negative impacts is an important part of project planning that we as engineers should be a part of in order to make the projects a success for everyone involved.

Karyn Stickel is chair of the TechCentury Editorial Board. She is an associate at Hubbell, Roth & Clark. | The Engineering Society of Detroit | 39



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TechCentury - Summer 2018  

Published by The Engineering Society of Detroit

TechCentury - Summer 2018  

Published by The Engineering Society of Detroit