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Renovation of the Orinda Bart Station

A Landscape Archtecture Senior Project UC Davis 2013 Jong Soo Kim


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Fig 1 Multifuntional Parking Structure - This image is an example of a typical type of multifunctional parking structure. On my deisgn, this type of parking facility will be installed in front of the entrance of Orinda BART station.

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Renovation of the Orinda Bart station Accepted and Approved by: This senior project is presented by Jong Soo Kim June , 2013, to the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of California, Davis in partial fulďŹ llment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor’s of Science in Landscape Architecture.

Stephen Wheeler Professor

Jeff Loux Senior Project Faculty Advisor

Kevin Robert Perry Senior Project Faculty Advisor

Micheal Rios Senior Project Faculty Advisor

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Abstract This Project serves as a suggested master plan for the Orinda BART Station in order to redevelop the current site for improving

Public Park. The process in developing the master plan included a

social and economic values of surrounding area and the site itself.

review of historical information about the BART station, site

The three main elements for this design is Harmony,

analysis, research on similar case studies, and the development

Technology, and Convenience.

of possible design solutions.

The first element as Harmony focuses on how nature and artificial structures can stand together without any awkwardness. My design is creating a more complex structure where the freeway, local roads and BART rail lines intersect. The second element af technology focuses on how the BART station can be more sustainable and efficient to save energy and provide better quality of service to potential users who visit the site. The last element is convenience and focuses on creating better connection between commercial districts around the BART station and encouraging visitors to use public transportation, bike, and walk to the station. The design includes a new elevated, multi – functional parking facility, mixed use buildings which contain commercial and residential sections with an eco – friendly, ground - level parking lot, and a VI


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Dedcation To my parents When I decided to stay in U.S.A longer than it planned, I really worried about my decision. Without my parents supports not only financially, but also every moment they tried me to lose my strength. As an international student, I feel so sorry that not to stay with my parents because I am the only child in my family. I could feel how they wanted to see me all the time and think of me. Thank you very much father and mother.

To my cousin Whenever, I was in trouble, without your advice and help, I would have very frustrated and sad to staying in the America. It was really thankful to sending me some food to me and worry about me. I really would like to say those food which provided from aunts were delicious.

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Acknowledgment I would like to thank my committee members (Jeff Loux, Kevin Robert Perry, Micheal Rios) who helping me to obtain better solutions for the project. Also, I thank to Professor Stephen Wheeler. I also thank to Gayle Totton for all the edits, suggestions, and support.

Thanks to all my friends that encouraged me when I was frustrated while living abroad. Sending me a funny pictures and videos made me smile and laugh.

And last, I thank all my classmates. We have known eatch other for more than 3 years and you gave me a lot of comfort and relief, helping me to adjust well during each course.

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Table of Contents Signatures Abstract Dedcation Acknowledgments Table of Contents List of Illustrations & Maps

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Background of the Site Project Description Problems & Objectives Inspiration and Case Studies Opportunity and Constraints Context Map Concept Plan

5 6 7 8 17 20 24

Master Plan Enlarged Detail A Section - Elevation Perspective -1 Model Design

27 28 34 37 40

Conclusion

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List of Illustrations & Maps Fig 1 Multifuntional Parking Structure - CGSHMIDT (2013) Fig 2 Library in subway station in South Korea - Young Eun No (2010) Fig 3 Subway station in Japan - Kamiyubetsu (2008) Fig 4 Information dizital screen in South Korea - So Yeoun Lee (2010) Fig 5 Social activity in subway station - buskingmania (2012) Fig 6 Artistic stairs in China - Xinhua (2012) Fig 7 Orinda city and Orinda BART station Fig 8 Proposed design for multi - functional resting building - Chosun daily news (2013) Fig 9 Proposed design for multi - functional resting building - Chosun daily news (2013) Fig 10 Proposed design for multi - functional resting building - Chosun daily news (2013) Fig 11 Entry to the Village from BART station - Gary Penman (2011) Fig 12 The plan ieda translated from commuity workshops by Architects - Gary Penman (2011) Fig 13 Section plan of mix use parking structure - Gary Penman (2011) Fig 14 Lake Merritt Station QUARTER - MILE RADIUS - MIG (2006) Fig 15 lafayette/moraga/orinda Bus Line - http://cccta.org/schedule/6/ Fig 16 AC Transit Bus Routes near the Lake Merritt BART Station - MIG (2006) Fig 17 Jecheon City buy stops and bus lines Jecheon bus company Fig 18 Art for BART MillBRAE, SFO BART Station - BART has an Art for BART project that commissions artists to create installations for BART stations - Michael Cabanatuan, Chronicle Staff Writer (2003) Fig 19 Site Plan of Olympic Sculpture Park - landzine.com Fig 20 Olympic Sculpture Park in downtown Seattle - weissmanfredi.com Fig 21 People doing yoga at the Olympic Sculpture Park - Johnny (2011) Fig 22 The Modern Art in Seattle’s Olympic Sculpture Park -Johnny (2011) 3


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Fig 23 Ridership of Orinda BART statoin - surrounding highway 24 influence to people more drive than walk - BART report (2006) Fig 24 Oppotunities and constraints map hh Fig 25 - Parking lot - Great place to re - shape and expand Fig 26 - Bus stop - Re - design in order to provide better service Fig 27- Drive way in the station - Can be re - designed for the better circulation Fig 28 Highway 24 - The highway itself can not be moved Fig 29 - Local Road - As the main street of the Orinda City it is difficult to change the direction Fig 30 - Orinda BART station - The BART rail and station can not be changed the shape Fig 31 Map of BAY Area Fig 32 Orinda BART Station bird eye view Fig 33 Orinda BART station Fig 34 Three main Fig 35 Standard Map Fig 35 -1 Cycle Map Fig 35-2 Contoure line map Fig 36 Concept Plan Fig 37 City of Orinda district map Fig 38 Master plan Fig 39 Enlargement plan - multi functional parking lot, re - designed bus stop, and sitting areas. Fig 40 Elevated open public park - The park will contains coffee shop, ADA ramp, flower gardens, mix - used building, and reed field. Fig 41 Tennis court - New trial of creating features on surrounding freeway ramp. Fig 42 Connector between downtown Orinda and BART station Fig 43 mix - used building and public open gathering place Fig 44 Publice open plaza and eco - friendly parking lot Fig 45 Section - Elevation AA’ Fig 46 Section - Elevation BB” Fig 47 Section - Elevation CC’ Fig 48 Perspective view 1 - Front of multi - functional parking lot - People will have shopping, eat, and enjoy. Fig 49 Perspective view 2 - Main stairs and ADA ramp - visitors will use this stairs to reach both directions of downtown Orinda Fig 50 Perspective view 3 - Re - designed bus stop - it will encourage people to use bus more Fig 51 Model Design of tennis court Fig 52 Model Design of eco - friendly parking lot Fig53 Model Design of Highway 24 tunnel Fig 54 Model Design of main stairs and ADA ramp


Introduction Background

Most Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) stations in San

Francisco and the Bay Area have limited functions to provide service to people who visit and use them. However, many subway stations in Asia have multi – functional structures such as shopping centers, restaurants, libraries, stages for musicians, cyber cafés, even televisions or digitalized information screens to “people Fig 2 Library in subway station in South Korea

Fig 3 Subway station in Japan

watch” or use while they walk. Through these touch screens, passengers are able to get local information, watch movies, dramas, and play games. It is not a dream that people can have a great time while they walk through BART Stations. There are many potential ways that BART stations could contributes, to people getting better services and having fun.

Fig 4 Information dizital screen in South Korea

These motivations lead me to choose the Orinda BART station as my senior project. As a person who has experienced international transportation systems, I believe that I could adopt some of the advantages from subway stations in South. Korea and other BART stations and apply them to this project.

Fig 5 Social activity in subway station

Fig 6 Artistic stairs in China

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Project Description As part of BART’s ongoing systemwide Earthquake Safety Program, construction work is now in progress on Orinda BART station. Over the next several years, the station will encounter work at various locations throughout the BART system. This construction is anticipated to complete all earthquake upgrades by 2018. My project is mainly divided into three sections: multi – functional buildings, eco – friendly parking lots and public areas. These sections are detailed in my site analysis, case studies, and researches. In addition, my master plan, enlargements , section & elevatons, and perspectives may reinforce my intentional plan for this project.

Fig 7 Orinda city and Orinda BART station 6


Problems & Objectives

Problems

Objectives

Limited Area to retrofit Lack of bike racks No enjoyable features Need more parking spaces Lack of sitting area Inconvenience bus system Safety during nighttime Unfriendly bus stop Bad connections for pedestrians

Creates elevated multi -functional parking facility. Improves pedestrian walk-ablilty Add additional bike racks promotes environmental sustainability through constructing solar panel on eco friendly parking lot. Improve bus stop and sitting area Create better connection from downtown to BART station Creates open public place

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Insirations & Case Studies Multi - functional resting structure project After conducting the research, I realized that the site contains limited space to add all the features I wanted. However, after I read an article “Multi - Functional Resting Space on the Highway�, the problem that I had was solved. This article introduced a project planned by the Korea Expressway Corporation. The structure is going to have convenience stores, food courts, a gas station, reports facilities, fashion stores, family restaurants, an observatory, botanic houses, coffee shops, a musical stage, and a hotel. Of course, the place is going to have sufficient parking lots and landscaped inner and outer areas.

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Fig 9 Proposed design for multi - functional resting building in S. Korea

Fig 8 Proposed design for multi - functional resting building in S. Korea

Fig 10 Proposed design for multi - functional resting building in S. Korea


Fruitvale Transit Village Fruitvale Transit Village Project a joing project was undertaken in 1991 by the Unity Council, the National Transit Access center, the University of California at Berkeley, the Bay Area Rapid Transit District, the City of Oakland, the Metropolitan Transportation Commission, and the Federal Transit Administration, the U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The main goal of this project was to construct a multilevel parking facility next to the Fruitvale station. However, when BART announced plans in June 1991 to construct the parking facility, the surrounding community’s response was not positive as they expected. It was because the area around the station was not safe. The station’s crime rate was the one of the highest in the entire BART system. When BART invited community residents and business owners to discuss about re-developing the Fruitvale station, most of the participants did not support this proposal, and they believed the project would make crime worse. As a result, the proposal was withdrawn and the BART and community leaders tried to find the best way to satisfy their ideals. Finally, these meetings helped give birth to the idea for the Fruitvale Transit Village. (Fruitvale Transit Village Project, 2011)

Fig 11 Entry to the Village from BART station

Fig 12 The plan idea translated from commuity workshops by Architects

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Experts expected this decision will bring numerous benefits, not only to the BART station, but also to the surrounding areas. First, for the neighborhood, their businesses will gain benefits from improved pedestrian traffic between the actual BART station and the East 12th Street business district. Secondly, neighborhood residents and businesses will experience less automobile traffic and better air quality as a result of the campaign that emphasizes alternatives to automobile use. Newly designed and constructed buildings around the transit station will provide more jobs, increase property values, increase the reputation of the area, represent the appearance of the area, and reduce the crime rate. Lastly, they assumed that the place will turn the commercial core of Fruitvale into a convenient and healthy place to live, work, and shop. (Fruitvale Transit Village Project, 2011) In addition, these experts also mentioned that agencies will gain benefits from this project. According to a case study provided by environmental justice explains that “with a strategy in place to revitalize an area of the city experiencing economic hardship, the City of Oakland is likely to benefit from new investment activity, job growth, rising property values, and increased property tax revenues.” In addition, this project will lead to an increase in the number of transit users passing through the station every day, and it will boost BART’s ridership. Lastly, both BART and the City of 10

Oakland will learn valuable lessons about the proceeding project, may adapted to other BART stations in San Francisco and the Bay Area. (Fruitvale Transit Village Project, 2011)

Fig 13 Section plan of mix use parking structure The Transit Village will feature a mix of uses - including child care and other community services, retail, and housing – within easy walking distance of the BART

The plan for the station area incorporates the community’s desire for a better connection between the community and the transit station.


Lake Merritt BART Station Final Summary Report According to the Lake Merritt BART station final summary report, prepared by California State Dept. of Transportation Community-Based Planning in March 2006, it present that current existing conditions and how they can improve surrounding areas of the Lake Merritt BART station. The Lake Merritt BART station is located in downtown Oakland about a half-mile southeast of Broadway. As figure 6 shows, the station is surrounded by parking lots, buildings, and public parks. The redesign of the Orinda BART station creates a great opportunity to adopt some of the same type of facilities found at the Lake Merritt BART station. For example, BART Plaza, which is located next to Lake Merritt BART station, creates a place where dozens of people, mostly local residents, can go to practice Tai Chi or line dancing. These social activities are successfully held because the park has paved open space and is large enough to allow many small groups to practice at the same time. Therefore, the study suggests, a designer planning for a medium to large park – like open space should recognize and understand the vital importance of these community activities.(Lake Merritt BART Station Final Summary Report, 2006)

Since the Orinda BART station has no public space for people to gather is needed a space that invites people to create social activities.

Fig 14 Lake Merritt Station QUARTER - MILE RADIUS BART Aligment

1/4Mile Radius from station

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Fig 15 lafayette/moraga/orinda Bus Line

Fig 16 AC Transit Bus Routes near the Lake Merritt BART Station

As figure 15 shows, the Orinda Bart station has only one bus route for passenger to use. Compared to the Orinda BART station, the Lake Merritt BART Station has more than four AC Transit routes serving its passengers. Frequencies vary with some buses running every twenty minutes during peak times and others routes only once per hour. The Lake Merritt BART station has better conditions than the Orinda BART station, but still it is not enough to encourage people to use other forms of public transportation without providing good service to them. As a case study I am using the city of Jecheon, S. Korea, a city approximately 1/3 the size of Oakland. Jecheon has a population of 137,521 as of 2012 census (Jecheon city, 2013) compared to Oakland’s population of 390,742 (infoplease, 2012). The city of Jecheon has 104 bus routes, many of which have a frequency of 10 to 20 minutes, compared to Oakland’s larger population only having 74 local routes. (Jecheon City, 2013) 12


Jecheon City Bus System

Fig 17 Jecheon City buy stops and bus lines As a case study I am using the city of Jecheon, S. Korea, a city approximately 1/3 the size of Oakland. Jecheon has a population of 137,521 as of 2012 census (Jecheon city, 2013) compared to Oakland’s population of 390,742 (infoplease, 2012). The city of Jecheon has 104 bus routes, many of which have a frequency of 10 to 20 minutes, compared to Oakland’s larger population only having 74 local routes. (Jecheon Bus Company, 2013)

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SFO BART station

Fig 18 Art for BART MillBRAE, SFO BART Station - BART has an Art for BART project that commissions artists to create installations for BART stations

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A lot of subway stations in the world are trying to improve their appearance and reputation by representing the specialty of the town and inviting the community activities from schools, senior centers, and small groups of people to conduct their activites and their works at the station. “Art makes the stations more livable, more integrated into the community. It gives them a human scale,� said Laura Timothy, a senior planner at BART, who heads the Art at BART project. Some BART stations are providing limited service to passengers. Amy Blackstone, San Francisco metal sculptor, said that these artistic features make people feel happy and more connected to their communities. They make for a healthier environment altogether.


olympic sculpture park

Fig 19 Site Plan of Olympic Sculpture Park

Fig 20 Olympic Sculpture Park in downtown Seattle

Complicated and specialized transport infrastructure such as railroads, long distance local roads and sidewalks created a unique and independent system of relationship between the sections and functions of the city at the overall scale. It was the case that much of the layout of the railroad line which is along with the coast and the Alaskan Way Viaduct is raised, and installed parallel to the rail track. Therefore, this is one of the important elements and was designed to provide an efficient route, fast and comfortable. The leader designers created the section area of layout based on the understanding of their collision and gap effect that they produce in the urban areas they cross. (Jon Busquets, 2008). In addition, the park’s revolutionary design that is Z shape pathway, remaining infrastructure a much as possible, achieved a broad range of environmental restoration objectives, including expansive use of native plants. (Seattle Art Museum, 2010)

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Fig 21 People doing yoga at the Olympic Sculpture Park

Fig 22 The Modern Art in Seattle’s Olympic Sculpture Park

Currently Seattle has about 456 parks. Their sizes vary from less than an acre to the 512 acres at Discovery Park. But, until the 9 – acre Olympic Sculpture Park was opened in 2007, the city of Seattle did not have a ingle, large green space. However, now Seattle has changed the gap, which compared with other major cities in the United States. In addition, this park broke away from the common perception of a regular park. This park is not only just a green space, but also a sculpture garden in an urban setting, a direct extension of the Seattle Art Museum, which displays part of their sculpture collection here. People are able to experience various things such as view the displaying art works while visiting this park. (Busquets, 2008) 16


PROCESS Oppotunities and constraints The site of Orinda BART station contains potential opportunities and constraints. The main opportunities related to the station is that the area can develop more green space, elevated parking lot, more commercials, and improvement of the accessibilities for the pedestrians. Also, installing the lots of digital equipment would interest people to come and enjoy their spare time more efficiently. Better circulation for the automobile and accurate buy routes are also main opportunities to bring people to the site. The main constraints that I found are limited space, it will be difficult to expand the site to construct more features because the BART station is located in the center median of State highway 24. With this condition the station’s circulation is not convenient, Other constraints are heavy noises from cars and trains, weather that is extremely hot during the summer season, and the population of the city is relatively low. In addition, passengers are having hard time finding parking space because of the free parking and reserved parking systems. The bus system is terrible to use including lack of sitting facilities for the commuters who use public transportation. According to the 2008 BART Station Profile Study, walking from home was lowest (3%) at the Orinda BART stations. In addition, most of passengers drove themselves instead of using public bus transit or walking.

Fig 23 Ridership of Orinda BART statoin - surrounding highway 24 influence to people more drive than walk 17


Oppotunities and constraints

Oppotunities - Empty ground that enough space to create small public park for the residents near BART station.

Constraints Surrounding Highway 24 limits the space to expand the site to construct more features.

Oppotunities - Great space to construct elevated multi - functional parking structure, Public Plaza, and eco friendly ground level parking lots. Oppotunities - Area to place more vegetation and create vista spot to watch around Bart station

Fig 24 Oppotunities and constraints map 18


Oppotunities and constraints Oppotunities

Fig 25 - Parking lot - Great place to re - shape Fig 26 - Bus stop - Re - design in order to and expand provide better service

Fig 27- Drive way in the station - Can be re designed for the better circulation

Fig 28 Highway 24 - The highway itself can not be moved

Fig 30 - Orinda BART station - The BART rail and station can not be changed the shape

Constraints

Fig 29 - Local Road - As the main street of the Orinda City it is difficult to change the direction

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Context Map

Orinda BART Station

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24 Fig 31 Map of BAY Area

Fig 32 Orinda BART Station bird eye view

Location: Orinda, East side of East Bay Area Population: 17,600 residents Site Location: Center median of State Route 24 and has an island platform, and it is between Cladcott Tunnel, and Lafayette BART Station Fig 33 Orinda BART station 20


Site Analysis Main street of Orinda City - Heavy Traffic during rush hours - Few pedestrians - Narrow side walk - Poor ADA access - Lack of lights Parking Facility - Need more space - Poor condition of drainage system - Unattractive bus stop - Bad connectivity of driving way - No sidewalk

Fig 34 Three main

BART station Building - Lack of sitting Area - Under construction - Lack of bike racks - Narrow stairs - Unattractive toilet

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Site Analysis - Site Photos

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Places where the walking and driving sites need to be changed

Current bus stop and parking lot

BART station


Site Analysis

Fig 35 Standard Map Transmission line Vehicle circulation

Sun aspects

Fig 35 -1 Cycle Map

Wind direction Noise

Contra Costa County Population in 2011: 17,705 Population change since 2000. +0.6% Males: 8,559 Females: 9,108 Median resident age: 47.8 yrs California median age: 45.6 yrs Estimated median household income in 2009: $155,289(it was $117,637 in 2000 Orinda: $155,289 California: $58,931

Fig 35-2 Contoure line map The Orinda BART station is surrounded by hills and mountains which will make more difficult to design

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Concept Plan

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Fig 36 Concept Plan 24

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1. Great opportunity to connect two commercial district - The entrance need to be fixed for both vehicles and pedestrians - Elevated public park will constructed on the Freeway and local road. 2. Great place to construct multi -functional elevated parking facility - Improved bus stop will be installed - First floor will be commercial and upper floors will be parking lots 3. Area where eco - friendly parking lot can be constructed - Solar panels will be installed - generate electricity 4. Area where public park can be established. - Can be connected with residential district. 5. Poor side walk and surrounding landscape could be fixed and it will redesigned for potential users who willing to walk and bike to the BART Station. - New sitting facilities and re - designed BART Station will be located. Fig 37 City of Orinda district map 25


Site Plan My proposed master plan for the Orinda BART station is to improve circulation for not only drivers but also pedestrians.

which pedestrians will experience excitement to see flowers,

The site will be added new features such as tennis court, elevated

people, and surrounding area.

multi – functional parking facility, new bus stop, eco – friendly

Also, new tennis court will be located on the freeway

parking lot, open public plaza, mixed – use building, ADA ramp,

on ramp area, which is the empty space. For the convenience

and educational green gardens.

people will use the elevator from the ramp area to elevated

The site will be covered with much more vegetation and will be area to encourage people to come and enjoy. Elevated multi – functional building will provide not only parking space but also will provide opportunities to people to shop and rest on the provided sitting facilities. Newly installed bus stop will people to encourage use more public transportation than before it designed.

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The site also will be connected with downtown Orinda,

ground. The following enlargement will introduce more of detailed features and information as well.


PRODUCT Site MasterPlan NATIVE PLAN GARDEN WODEN DECK SITTING AREA

GAZEBO TENNIS COURT

PARKING LOT FLOWER GARDEN MIX USED BUILDING GATHERING OPEN PLACE ADA RAMP

COFEEE SHOP PPARKING LOT ENTERANCE

MULTI FUNCTIONAL PARKING LOT

OPEN PUBLIC PLAZA

ECO PARKING LOT SOLAR PANNEL

Fig 38 Master plan

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Enlarged Detail - A This enlargement detailed plan A is located in front of main entrance of the Orinda BART station. The area was ground coined parking lots for short period time visitors and ADA vehicle drivers. Since the site was limited to expand parking space, it was essential to construct an elevated parking lot. However, in order to provide more services I choose to build multi – functioned parking lot. Therefore, many retail shops and restaurants will enter the first floor. For the visitors who want to stay during short period time, coined parking lots will be keep stay on the site. People may sit and take a rest on the provided parasol table and concrete planters. Re – designed bus stop will provide better quality of service to potential passengers. There will be new sittings, and shade area. Newly planted palm trees will Fig 39 Enlargement plan - multi functional parking lot, re - designed bus stop, and sitting areas.

provide people to imagine that they are either visiting leisure town or resort. In addition, light pole will bright

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up during night in order to secure the safety of the site.


Enlarged Detail - B

Enlargement detailed plan B is elevated public park where connected with downtown Orinda and newly constructed mix –used building and current BART station. This park will contains coffee shop, educational flower garden, meter – tall reeds fields, stairs, and ADA ramp. This elevated park is on the current Camino Pablo Street, which is Main Street of the Orinda city. The street will be remained as shape of tunnel. Also Orinda BART station drive ways will be connected through this tunnel as well.

Fig 40 Elevated open public park - The park will contains coffee shop, ADA ramp, flower gardens, mix - used building, and reed field. 29


Enlarged Detail - C

The new tennis court will be located on the freeway on the ramp. The court will be surrounded with trees and shrubs that prevent the ball go over the freeway. The level of tennis court will be lowest and the surround area will be higher. The site will contains benches, gazebo and water fountain. This public area will be connected with elevated ground by elevator.

Fig 41 Tennis court - New trial of creating features on surrounding freeway ramp.

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Enlarged Detail - D

Since the downtown Orinda and southern part of commercial area connected with narrow sidewalk which penetrate under freeway 24 and BART rail the site was extremely dark and seemed like dangerous during night time. In order to improve this problem, High line in the New York City was one of the most successful examples to adopt some benefits to connect both Orinda BART station and commercial area. This curved bridge will bring more people to the site where the site has full of excitement, energy and harmony between artificial and nature.

Fig 42 Connector between downtown Orinda and BART station 31


Enlarged Detail - E

This Enlargement detailed plan is semi commercial area with mix – used building that contains not only commercial, but also residential and faculties who work for the BART station. The building is about 12 floors structure that visitors will have great experience, which they ever had before. The building will contains restaurants, bars, karaoke, massage center, fitness center, convenience store, cyber cafÊ, and other retail shops. These all commercials will be settled through the 3rd basement level to the 3rd floor.

Fig 43 mix - used building and public open gathering place 32


Enlarged Detail - F

This Open plaza will provide people to socialize their activities such as yoga, martial arts, and the place to display communities’ artwork. In addition, visitors will stay and take a rest on the provided benches. Water fountains will also provide nice view when people passing by to the eco – friendly parking lot. The eco – friendly parking lot will be installed solar panel to generate electricity.

Fig 44 Publice open plaza and eco - friendly parking lot

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Section - Elevation The section below shows middle cut of the site. Also, a topo line explains how the tunnels work individually. From this section there is three tunnels going to be constructed. First tunnel is on the Highway 24. Second tunnel is going to work as entrance/exit to BART station and the last tunnel is going to work as connection between southern part and Northern part of the Orinda BART site.

Highway 24

Coffee Shop Entrance to Camino Pablo Streeet

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Fig 45 Section - Elevation AA’

ADA Ramp Stairs

Tunnel which will connect to other side of parking lot

A A’

Bus Stop


Section - Elevation

B’ B

OrindaBridge

This section explains how the Orinda Bridge and Camino Pablo Street Tunnel work on the site. The Orinda Bridge will be connected with elevated BART public park and downtown Orinda city. Through, this bridge people will cross the highway ramp and commute to BAY or San Francisco.

Camino Pablo Street Tunnel

Elevator

Elevated multi - functional Parking lot

Coffee shop Tennis court Fig 46 Section - Elevation BB�

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Section - Elevation This section introduces the relationship between parking lot, bus stop and Orinda BART station. The bus stop is going to stand middle of bus stop and parking lot. Also, mix - used build is very closed with the bus stop. These three features will bring more people to site and re - designed bus stop will contribute to local community as encourage citizens to take bus more. If more people use the bus, the bus lines will be increased and buses will run more frequently.

Elevated multi - Functional Parking lot

Bus stop

ADA Ramp Fig 47 Section - Elevation CC’ 36

Orinda BART Station Platform

C

C’


Perspective

Fig 48 Perspective view 1 - Front of multi - functional parking lot - People will have shopping, eat, and enjoy.

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Perspective

Fig 49 Perspective view 2 - Main stairs and ADA ramp - visitors will use this stairs to reach both directions of downtown Orinda

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Perspective

Fig 50 Perspective view 3 - Re - designed bus stop - it will encourage people to use bus more 39


Model Design

Fig 51 Model Design - tennis court

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Model Design

Fig 52 Model Design of eco - friendly parking lot

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Model Design

Fig53 Model Design of Highway 24 tunnel

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Model Design

Fig 54 Model Design of main stairs and ADA ramp

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Conclusion I was really excited when I choose the Orinda BART station as my site for my senior project. However, when I went to the site for the site analysis it was not easy as I expected. The space was limited and the topography was not desirable to build structures around the site. With limited space I had to set the goal to create what I wanted to this BART station should have for the future design. However, with all the help from committee members and Gayle I was able to create something great and make sense to create on the site. The site contains great opportunities to people to enjoy, socialize, experience and feel the nature. Re- designed Orinda BART station will bring a lot of synergy effects such as good reputaation, reduced crime rate, and contribute educationally, globallly, socially, and economically.

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Bibliography Canapary, Corey. “2008 BART Station Profile Study.” BART. BART Marketing and Research Department, 2008. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http://www.bart.gov/docs/StationProfileStudy/2008StationProfileReport_web.pdf>. “Case Studies.” Fruitvale Transit Village Project. US Department of Transportation, 11 Aug. 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/environmental_justice/case_studies/case6.cfm>. http://www.fnnews.com/view?ra=Sent0501m_View&corp=fnnews&arcid=201302080100068950003823&cDateYear=2013&cDateMonth=02&cDateDay=07 (This is Korean web-site that I read) “Massive’s Innovative In-game Ads Grow Consumer Hunger for Subway.” Microsoft Advertising. Massive, 2010. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http://advertising.microsoft.com/subway-case-study>. “Seoul’s Digital Subway.” Seoul’s Subway Is Connected with WiFi, 4G/WiBro/WiMax Coverage and Phone Charging to Boot. Meta Q, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2013. “Skip Navigation.” CEO. EX Korea Expressway Corporation, 2009. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. <http://www.ex.co.kr/english/company/ceo/com_ ceo.jsp>. Busquets, J. (2008). Olympic Sculpture Park for the Seattle Art Museum: Cambridge Mass. :: Harvard University Graduate School of Design Seattle Art Museum. (2010) Olympic Sculpture Park. SAM. Retrieved Feb 15, 2010, from http://www.seattleartmuse MIG. “Lake Merritt Bart Station Final Summary Report.” BART. BART, Mar. 2006. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://www.bart.gov/docs/lakemerritt1.pdf>. “Maps & Schedules.” The County Connection. The County Connection, 2010. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. <http://cccta.org/maps-schedules/>.

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“Maps & Schedules.” JEcheon City. Jecheon City, 2011. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. <http://english.okjc.net/main/index.do>. Jones, Carolyn. “Putting the Art in BART / Mosaics, Murals and Steel Cows Brighten up Stations from SFO to Orinda.” SFGate. N.p., 13 Dec. 2002. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. <http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Putting-the-art-in-BART-Mosaics-murals-and-2746486.php>. “Oakland, Calif.” Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108573.html>.

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Fianl draft