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Forms of bullying

Billy meets his match Focus

Discussing the text

To read and discuss a poem about indirect bullying

• Why do you think that Billy bullies others in the school yard? (To make up for not be being so smart in class)

Teacher information • For young students, bullying which can occur between an individual or a group of bullies and an individual or a group of targets, can broadly be categorised as physical, social or verbal.

• Why did everyone want to be in Billy’s group? (If he thought they were his friends, he would not threaten to harm them.)

r o e t s Bo r e p ok u S

– Physical bullying involves direct contact between the bully and the target; e.g. punching and kicking.

– Social bullying includes any actions on the part of the bully which make the target feel humiliated or embarrassed by his or her peers or excluded from them.

– Verbal bullying includes name-calling and saying unpleasant things about the target or someone close to him or her and the target’s home and possessions.

• Refer to page v for further information. Introduction

• Talk about the different forms of bullying using phrases appropriate to the age of the students. Ask for examples of each. For example:

physical – hurting their body: punching, kicking, throwing missiles;

social – hurting their feelings: ignoring, excluding, making fun of; and

verbal – using words to upset: name-calling, making up unpleasant rhymes, spreading rumours

• How could you describe Sam? (Courageous, confidence, fair) • What might all of the children have said and done when Billy cried? (Some may have laughed. They would have been relieved that Billy’s ‘reign of terror’ was over. Some may have felt sorry for him.) Answers

1. (a) ... they were afraid of him. (b) ... threatening them. (c) ... Billy could not hurt him. (d) ... Sam had stood up to him.

2. Teacher check

Supporting activity

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Teac he r

• Why might it be that, ‘Billy never fought or said bad things’? (He didn’t like confrontation, preferring to threaten harm rather than actually doing it.)

• Compile a list of negative words to describe Billy’s behaviour and a list of positive words to describe Sam’s. Place them on a display showing Sam and Billy.

• This activity highlights threatening behaviour as an example of social bullying. Through fear, the targets, in this case the whole class, are forced to agree to all of Billy’s demands or risk the threatened consequences. It is not until Sam challenges Billy that his weakness is revealed.

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• Behind Billy’s macho exterior lies an insecure, frightened child. This could explain his choice of bullying tactics. Physical or verbal bullying require confrontation while Billy’s menacing glares and invasion of personal space are enough to ensure his peers comply with his wishes.

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Bullying in a cyber world - R.I.C. Publications®

Bullying in a Cyber World: Ages 6-8  
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The blackline masters cover the following: What is bullying?, Forms of bullying, Cyberbullying, Targets of bullying, Effects of bullying, Wh...