Unit 3: Representations of Space in Art 3ยบ ESO Visual Arts Teacher Simone

Observe the painting  “The Lunch” by Claude Monet  How do you feel looking at this work?

 Monet transports us to a reality of SPACE. SPACE has

3 dimensions, that’s to say:

 LENGTH  WIDTH  DEPTH  In reality, the painting is a plane, or a surface with

only:

 LENGTH  WIDTH

Resources to represent space ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Artists use different resources in 2-dimensional works

to recreate the sensation of depth and represent an illusionary space.

ď&#x201A;&#x2014; In a certain way, artists try to replicate a realistic

vision that the spectator could have of the place.

1. CONICAL PERSPECTIVE  Conical perspective is a technique used by artists to

represent 3 dimensional space.

 It simulates how objects recede further in the

distance.

2. VARIATIONS IN SIZE ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Objects close to us appear big, and objects far from us

appear small.

2. VARIATIONS IN SIZE ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Artists change the size of objects in order to create the

effect of a three-dimensional scene.

3. SUPERPOSITION  The superposition is when one

object covers part of another.

 Our brain interpets that the

object that is covered is FARTHER AWAY.

 The object that covers is

CLOSER.

3. SUPERPOSITION ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Artists use superposition in order to create the effect

of 3-dimensional space.

4. POSITION IN THE PLANE  The inferior border of an

superior

artwork is considered the FOREGROUND (the nearest part)

 The superior border of an

artwork is considered the BACKGROUND (the fathest part)

inferior

5. COLOR DYNAMICS ď&#x201A;&#x2014; If we observe a

landscape, we can observe that the colors lose intensity as they recede in the distance, where they blend with the particles in the air.

ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Compare

5. COLOR DYNAMICS ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Artists simulate

this atmospheric phenomenon by giving less definition to forms in the distance and giving their colors less intensity.

 Light, which allows us to see objects, has a secondary

 An illuminated object will have zones of both light

and shadow, which augments a three-dimensional effect.

6. LIGHT AND SHADOW  Chiaroscuro: is a technique to recreate the

progression of light to shadow (light to dark) of an object.

 This helps give an effect of three dimensions.

6. LIGHT AND SHADOW ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Similarly to color, the

contrast between light and shadow become less intense the further in the distance they are.

ď&#x201A;&#x2014; Objects in general

become more grey.

OBSERVE THE PAINTINGS  Which elements to “represent space” have the artists

used?

“Las Hilanderas” by Velázquez

“Muchacha de espaldas” by Dalí

“El carro de heno” by El Bosco

Unit 3