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SOCIAL STUDIES IST301

MORE THAN JUST A RIVER

IST301 + CD 2010/2 IST301


This topic is about the ways people view and use places differently. Social Studies in the New Zealand Curriculum Level 3: Place and Environment Understand how people view and use places differently.

In this topic you will: • • understand how places are important to people • • learn about different ways rivers are used • • understand how rivers are important to people • • identify different viewpoints that people have about a river • • explain why people have different viewpoints.

Your teacher will be looking at how you: • • identify a range of reasons why rivers are important to different people • • use a map to locate rivers and to collect information • • explain why people view and use rivers differently • • explain the importance of protecting our rivers.

Copyright © 2010 Board of Trustees of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu, Private Bag 39992, Wellington Mail Centre, Lower Hutt 5045, New Zealand. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without the written permission of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu.

© Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu


CONTENTS

1.

Where are you from? Nō hea koe?

2. Rivers 3. The Waikato River 4. Looking after our rivers 5. Showtime

Self-evaluation

Answer guide

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HOW TO DO THIS WORK Spend about 8 hours on this booklet.

IF YOU SEE Try the activity on your own, then check the answer guide to mark your work. Turn on your CD. Your teacher will assess this. Talk about this with someone. Do these if you would like an extra challenge. Your teacher will be interested in your answers.

FOR THIS BOOKLET YOU WILL NEED: • • I ST301 CD.

Waikato-taniwha-rau He piko, he taniwha He piko, he taniwha. Waikato of a hundred taniwha At every bend a taniwha can be found.

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1: WHERE ARE YOU FROM? NŌ HEA KOE? An introduction to this booklet

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To begin you are going to think about how places around where you live, such as mountains, rivers, lakes and sea, are important to you.

Later on you will be thinking and learning about rivers and how important they are to people. You’ll find out some of the different ways people think about rivers and the different ways they use rivers.

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Your introduction When you begin a new course, it’s good to introduce yourself to your teacher. Tell your teacher about things that are important to you such as your interests, hobbies, talents, friends, families and pets. The place where you are from is also very important to you. 1. Does the area around you look like any of these places?

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Put a tick (in the box) of the one that most looks like the place where you live.

Māori give a pepehā to say where they are from and who their ancestors are. In their pepehā they give the names of important places for them such as a mountain, river, lake or sea.

TE KURA

Track 1. Listen to Amy’s pepehā as you follow the words below.

Here is Amy’s pepehā.

Ko Ko Ko Ko Ko

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Ruapehu te maunga Whanganui te awa Te Puke te marae Ātihaunui ā Pāpārangi te iwi Tūroa te tangata.

Ruapehu is the mountain Whanganui is the river Te Puke is the marae Ātihaunui ā Pāpārangi is the tribe Tūroa is the ancestor.

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2. Write the first part of your pepehā by filling in the name of the mountain, river and lake or ocean in the part of New Zealand that you are from. Complete as many details as you can. Ko

te maunga.

is the mountain.

Ko

te moana.

is the ocean/lake.

Ko

te awa.

is the river.

3. Do either a. or b. a. Draw a picture of a place you have written in your pepehā. Give your picture a title to say what it is. b. If you are able to, give your full pepehā like Amy’s. Write it in Māori and English. Your pepehā may not be exactly the same as Amy’s. Write what you know or what you can find out. You could record your pepehā if you like and send it in so that your teacher can listen to it.

Your teacher will check your work.

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2: RIVERS

Rivers, the water that flows in them, the channel they flow along and the land beside them are important places for people all over the world.

World rivers 1. Here are some of the world’s important rivers you may have heard about. Draw lines to match the rivers with the facts about them. Amazon

This Chinese river is a very busy waterway for transporting goods and passengers inland and it has the world’s largest hydroelectric power station.

Colorado

This English river flows through the centre of London and is important for trade and transport.

Ganges

This South American river runs through the world’s largest rainforest.

Thames

This American river is famous for the Grand Canyon.

Yangtze

This Indian river is a sacred river for members of the Hindu religion.

Check the answer guide. Here’s what to do each time you see this symbol and these words. Make sure you have tried the activity on your own. Then go to the back of the booklet and find the answer guide. Use a different coloured pen to mark your answers. Tick correct answers. Make corrections in a different colour. Write the correct answers and add more ideas if you need to. This helps you to learn more.

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When you mark the matching exercise, check to see you have matched the rivers with the right descriptions. Correct any you have wrong with a neat line drawn in a different colour.

You need to have the rivers matched with the correct descriptions before you answer the following questions. 2. Use the list and the information about the world’s major rivers to complete the following: a. A river which is important to people because of their religion is the

.

b. A river which has a spectacular place which attracts tourists is the

.

c. A river which is important for trade and travel inland is the

.

Check the answer guide.

Here’s a challenge! This means you do this only if you would like to. Your teacher will be very interested in your answer. Find out about another important world river. a. What is the river’s name? b. Which country is it in? c. One reason why this river is important for people is

Your teacher will check your work.

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New Zealand rivers In New Zealand we have many rivers which are important to us. This map shows some of the main ones.

Some of the main New Zealand rivers NORTH ISLAND

North Island rivers and their lengths in kilometres

N

Waikato (425) Mokau (158) Whanganui (290) AUCKLAND

Whangaehu (161)

Waikato

HAMILTON

Rangitikei (241)

Rangitaiki

Manawatu (182) Mohaka (172) Mokau

Rangitaiki (193)

Mo TASMAN SEA

ha

ka

Whanganui Whangaehu R an g it ikei Manaw a tu

SOUTH ISLAND

PACIFIC OCEAN

WELLINGTON

Wairau COOK STRAIT

Buller

Clarence

Waimakariri

CHRISTCHURCH

South Island rivers and their lengths in kilometres Wairau (196) Clarence (209) Waimakariri (209)

Waitaki

Waitaki (209 Taieri (288) Clutha (322)

Taieri au W a i re t i O STEWART ISLAND

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Clutha FO

Ma VE

tau

AU

INVERCARGILL

ra

XS

TR

AIT

DUNEDIN

Mataura (240) Oreti (203) Waiau (217) Buller (177)

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3. Use the information on this map to finish these sentences: a. The longest North Island river is the

.

b. A South Island river that flows into the Tasman Sea is the

.

c. The longest South Island river is the

.

d. A South Island river that flows into Cook Strait is the

.

e. A North Island river that flows into the Pacific Ocean is the

.

Check the answer guide.

Think about a New Zealand river you know well. It may be the one in your pepehā. It could be near where you live or where you visit or go on holidays. The name of my river is

.

If your river is shown on the map put a circle around it on the map. If it is not shown, draw it on the map and write its name beside it. Write two reasons why your river is important to people. Try to explain each reason by using the word ‘because’. (For example, people fish in the river because there are lots of trout in it.) 1. 2.

Your teacher will check your work.

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The pictures below show some of the ways New Zealand rivers are important for people. Put a tick (in the box) beside the ways your river is used.

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Star diagrams A star diagram is a way to organise ideas and information. In the centre is a topic and around it you write points or ideas about the topic, like the points of a star.

Idea about the topic

Idea about the topic

TOPIC

Idea about the topic

Idea about the topic

Complete the star diagram about your river showing four important ways your river is used. In the topic circle you will write ‘Four important ways the (name of your river) is used.’

Your teacher will check your work.

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© Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu


3: THE WAIKATO RIVER Useful words When you come across these words in the next activity, find out what they mean by looking at this list of useful words. commercial

Activities concerned with making money and profits.

tupuna awa

River ancestor.

hydroelectric power station

A place where electricity is made from the energy of running water.

aesthetic

To do with people enjoying beautiful things such as scenery or art.

recreational activities

Things you do in your spare time to relax.

The Waikato River in the North Island of New Zealand N

The Waikato River mouth where it flows into the sea. TASMAN SEA

Port Waikato

PACIFIC OCEAN

Waikato Plains: fertile farming land. The Waikato River runs through the centre of Hamilton.

Hamilton

Lake Taupo Mount Ruapehu

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Huka Falls on the Waikato River. The Waikato River starts from Mount Ruapehu. It joins the Tongariro River system and flows into Lake Taupo.

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1. Use the map to help you complete the sentences about the Waikato River. The Waikato River is in the

Island.

The river starts from the slopes of Mount

.

It joins the Tongariro River and flows into Lake

Falls can be found on the north-eastern edge of Lake Taupo.

The Waikato River flows through the

Plains. city.

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The Waikato River flows into the Tasman Sea at Port

.

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It passes through

WIKIPEDIA

The

.

Check the answer guide.

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People have different ways of thinking about rivers. If you are a keen fisher you may think a river is important or special because it has good fishing spots and lots of fish, such as trout, that you like to catch. DT 9865482

A tour boat operator will think a river is important or special because he can earn money by taking tourists on trips along it. The fisher and the tour boat operator have different ideas or viewpoints about the importance of a river.

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Track 2. Listen to these people’s viewpoints about the Waikato River. You can follow the words below.

The river is a great place for outdoor adventures. I take people on exciting joyrides through the rapids. The river provides me with a good way to earn money. Jack Jetboat driver I sell the eels I catch to a Tainui-owned fishing business. But the river is being messed around with. There are fewer eels to catch than when I started working on this river 15 years ago. We need to look after the river so I can earn my living and people can enjoy eating the eels I catch.

Ben Commercial eeler

We come here as often as we can. It’s great to come here away from the city in the weekends. Exciting kayaking on the river is an awesome way to get away for some excitement, fun and relaxation! Tony Whitewater kayaker

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The river is our tupuna. We collect food from the river and the river looks after us when we are sick. We have wāhi tapu, sacred sites, along the river. For me the river is like a close relative. Naha Lives at a marae close to the river

Hydroelectric power stations and dams take energy from the river to make electricity. The Waikato River is an important source of power.

Greg Manager of a power company

It’s paradise here for pig hunting, duck shooting and fishing. It’s a great lifestyle living by this river!

Hone A hunter

Paula A tourist from the UK

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The scenery here is fantastic! The spectacular Huka Falls, the clear blue water of the rapids and the Orakei Korako thermal area were all just fabulous and I have taken some great photos. My boyfriend is an artist and he plans to come back here to paint the scenery.

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2. The seven people have different ideas about the Waikato river. In the speech bubbles for each person underline one idea that shows why the river is important for them. The first one has been done for you. 3. People have different viewpoints about the Waikato River.

Read about the different types of viewpoints in the chart below. Complete the sentences. Use the information from the speech bubbles to help you. Commercial viewpoint

Cultural viewpoint

People who think about how they can earn money from work on or beside the river.

People who think about how their traditions and beliefs are related to the river.

Jack has this viewpoint because

has this viewpoint because the river is her tupuna and there are wÄ hi tapu, sacred sites, there.

Recreational viewpoint

Aesthetic (a liking for beautiful things) viewpoint

People who think about how good the river and places around it are for enjoying their spare time. Tony has this viewpoint because

People who like the scenery. has this viewpoint because

Check the answer guide.

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4: LOOKING AFTER OUR RIVERS Useful words kaitiakitanga

Looking after the land and nature.

kaitiaki

A person or group that cares for an area such as a river or lake or forest.

Rivers are an important part of people’s lives. 1. Think about Ben, the eel fisher in lesson 3. a. How is the Waikato River part of Ben’s life?

b. How have things been changing for him?

c. Who else is affected by this change?

How is the river ‘being messed around’? We want to keep on using and enjoying rivers. We want our children and their children to be able to do this too. But some of the ways we use rivers can damage and spoil them.

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2. Look at the picture of the river. Find four ways that the river is being damaged. Show them on the star diagram below. Remember to write the topic of your star diagram in the centre.

Check the answer guide.

Here are some things that may happen to change rivers or the ways people use them. 3. Talk about each of these changes with your supervisor or a friend, then write your answers. a. Joe likes to fish and enjoy the scenery by the river. A new business is starting up. It is going to take tourists on joyrides passing through Joe’s fishing spot. How will this be good for some people?

How will this spoil the river for Joe?

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b. A farmer is putting up fences to keep his cows from going in the river. How will this help to look after the river?

Your teacher will check your work.

We need to guard and protect our rivers. MÄ ori believe that people are closely linked to the land and nature. Looking after the land and nature is called kaitiakitanga. A kaitiaki is a guardian – a person or group that cares for an area such as a river. Interest in kaitiakitanga is growing amongst all New Zealanders. Some ways we protect our rivers

Reserves to prevent overfishing.

Fines for people who dump rubbish in the river.

Banks planted with vegetation stop erosion.

Farmland fenced to keep animals away from the river.

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4. Fill in this problem-solution chart to show: • • two ways rivers are being harmed (problems) (see the sketch at the beginning of the lesson for ideas) • • what you think could be done about these (solutions). Problem

Solution

Your teacher will check your work.

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5: SHOWTIME It’s time to show what you’ve learned in this booklet. Your teacher will mark all of your work in this activity. Look back over the booklet for help with your answers.

Question 1 will show how well you can complete a star diagram to give information. See lessons 2 and 4.

1. Complete this star diagram to show four important ways people use the Waikato River.

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Question 2 will show how well you can use a map and collect information. You practised this in lessons 2 and 3.

The Clutha River in the South Island of New Zealand Interesting facts • • The Clutha River is 378 kilometres long.

N

• • It is the second longest river in New Zealand. • • It is one of the world’s most swiftly flowing rivers.

TASMAN SEA

Spectacular scenery Great views. Blue water from melting ice and snow.

Lake Wanaka

PACIFIC OCEAN

Irrigation

Adventure tourism Jet boating, rafting, and fishing.

Lake Dunstan Cromwell Alexandra

River water is used for watering orchards around Cromwell, Alexandra and Roxburgh.

Roxburgh

Balclutha

Clutha River

Hydroelectric power stations Recreation Kayaking, waterskiing, fishing, and rowing.

© Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu

Use energy from the flowing waters to make electricity for New Zealand.

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2. Use the information from the map and notes about the Clutha River to complete the following questions. a. The Clutha River is in the New Zealand.

of

b. The Clutha River flows into the

Ocean/Sea.

c. Inland, it flows into Lake

.

d. Two towns on the river are: i.

ii.

.

e. A reason why there are hydroelectric power stations on this river is . f. One way the river is used for recreation is

.

g. Two ways people use the river other than for hydroelectric power or recreation are: i.

ii.

.

h. Write what this person might say about the Clutha River from an aesthetic (enjoyment of beautiful things) viewpoint.

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Question 3 will show how well you can explain some of the ideas about the way people view and use places differently. See lessons 3 and 4.

3. a. Hine and Martin have different viewpoints about the same river. Finish the sentences in the speech bubbles to show the different viewpoints. Hine, a MÄ ori who lives at a marae near the river. This river is important to me because:

Martin, a tour boat operator who takes tourists for rides along the river. This river is important to me because:

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b. A new factory is built near the part of the river where Hine lives and where Martin works. 1. How might this be good for some people?

2. How might the river be spoilt for Hine?

3. How might the river be spoilt for Martin?

c. Write two sentences to explain why kaitiakitanga is important for our rivers. (See activity 4.) i.

ii.

Your teacher will assess this.

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Š Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu


Š Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu

I attempted to explain ways some people view and use places differently. I attempted to explain why kaitiakitanga is important for our rivers.

Activity 5: Question 3. Able to explain some ways people view and use places differently.

Activity 5: Question 3C. Able to explain why kaitiakitanga is important for our rivers.

IST301

Something I can improve:

Something I did well:

I attempted to collect some information from the map to answer some of the questions.

Activity 5: Question 2. Able to use a map and collect information.

Had a go I attempted to complete a star diagram showing 1–2 ways people use the Waikato River.

Not Attempted

Activity 5: Question 1. Able to complete a star diagram to show four important ways people use the Waikato River.

Area of work

I explained why kaitiakitanga is important for our rivers.

I explained ways some people view and use places differently.

I collected information from the map to answer most of the questions.

I was able to complete a star diagram showing three important ways people use the Waikato River.

Succeeded

I clearly explained, with some good reasons, why kaitiakitanga is important for our rivers.

I clearly explained, with some good reasons, some ways people view and use places differently.

I collected information from the map to answer all of the questions.

I was able to complete a star diagram clearly showing four important ways people use the Waikato River.

Did very well

Self-evaluation: Circle/highlight one box in each row that tells how well you think you did.

IST301: MORE THAN JUST A RIVER

I clearly explained, with good detailed reasons, why kaitiakitanga is important for our rivers.

I clearly explained, with good detailed reasons, some ways people view and use places differently.

I collected information from the map to clearly answer all of the questions.

I was able complete a star diagram clearly showing, with some detail, four important ways people use the Waikato River.

Did an excellent job

SELF-EVALUATION

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CHECKLIST I have completed all of the activities. I have marked my answers. I have completed all of the teacher-assessed questions. I have filled in the self-evaluation page.

The activity that I enjoyed most in this booklet was because

The activity I enjoyed least in this booklet was because

Supervisor comment

Teacher comment

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ANSWER GUIDE 2: Rivers 1. Amazon

This Chinese river is a very busy waterway for transporting goods and passengers inland and it has the world’s largest hydroelectric power station.

Colorado

This English river flows through the centre of London and is important for trade and transport.

Ganges

This South American river runs through the world’s largest rainforest.

Thames

This American river is famous for the Grand Canyon.

Yangtze

This Indian river is a sacred river for members of the Hindu religion.

2. a. A river which is important to people because of their religion is the Ganges. b. A river which has a spectacular place which attracts tourists is the Colorado. c. A river which is important for trade and travel inland is the Thames. 3. a. The longest North Island river is the Waikato. b. A South Island river that flows into the Tasman Sea is the Buller. c. The longest South Island river is the Clutha. d. A South Island river that flows into Cook Strait is the Wairau. e. A North Island river that flows into the Pacific Ocean is the Rangitaiki or the Mohaka. 3: The Waikato River 1. The Waikato River is in the North Island. The river starts from the slopes of Mount Ruapehu. It joins the Tongariro River and flows into Lake Taupo. The Huka Falls can be found on the north-eastern edge of Lake Taupo. The Waikato River flows through the Waikato Plains. It passes through Hamilton City. The Waikato River flows in to the Tasman Sea at Port Waikato.

© Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu

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2. Here are some ideas you may have underlined. a. The river provides me with a good way to earn money. b. We need to look after the river so I can earn my living and people can enjoy eating the eels I catch. c. Exciting kayaking on the river is an awesome way to get away for some fun and relaxation! d. For me it is like a close relative. e. The Waikato River is an important source of power. f. It’s a great lifestyle living by this river! g. The scenery here is fantastic! 3. Commercial viewpoint

Cultural viewpoint

People who think about how they can earn money from work on or beside the river.

People who think about how their traditions and beliefs are related to the river.

Jack has this viewpoint because he earns money from taking people on joyrides through the rapids.

Naha has this viewpoint because the river is her tupuna and there are wāhi tapu, sacred sites, there.

Recreational viewpoint

Aesthetic (a liking for beautiful things) viewpoint

People who think about how good the river and places around it are for enjoying their spare time. Tony has this viewpoint because he likes to get away from the city in the weekends and have fun kayaking.

People who like the scenery. Paula has this viewpoint because she thinks that the scenery is fantastic and she has taken lots of photos of the Huka Falls and the Orakei Korako area.

4: Looking after our rivers 1. a. The Waikato River is part of Ben’s life because he spends a lot of time eeling to earn a living. b. There are fewer eels to catch because the river is ‘being messed around’ with. c. The Tainui-owned fishing business that buys the eels from Ben and the people who buy and eat the eels are affected by this change.

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© Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu


2. Your star diagram should look like this. The title in the centre should be similar to this one. You might have used different examples.

people throwing their rubbish in the river

people taking away too many fish

SOME WAYS THE WAIKATO RIVER IS BEING DAMAGED

animals polluting the river

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factories dumping rubbish

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IST301 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Every effort has been made to acknowledge and contact copyright holders. Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu apologises for any omissions and welcomes more accurate information. iStockphoto (IS): www.istockphoto.com Shutterstock (SS): www.shutterstock.com Dreamstime (DT): www.dreamstime.com Cover images: iStockphoto, Shutterstock, Dreamstime and Te Kura Photo: Aerial view of Port Waikato at the mouth of the Waikato river on the Tasman sea. Image taken by Daniel Schwen, Wikipedia Design layout and illustrations: Designtalk, Wellington, New Zealand, 2010

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cover sheet – ist301 students – place student address label below or write in your details. Full Name ID No. Address (If changed)

authentication statement I certify that the assessment work is the original work of the student named above.

Signed

Signed

(Student)

(Supervisor)

for school use only assessment

www.tekura.school.nz

IST301  

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