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te hauora mĀori metranslation te korikori tinana

health healthand & physical physicaleducation education

hp1010 hp1012 setting goals personal – personal set goals well-being wellbeing & influences ncea level 1

2011/2


health and pysical education ncea level 1

Expected time to complete work This work will take you about two hours to complete. You will work towards the following standard: Achievement Standard 90971 Health Education 1.1 Take action to enhance an aspect of personal wellbeing Level 1, Internal 3 credits In this booklet you will focus on this learning outcome: •• use the hauora model to understand wellbeing •• examine how the dimensions of the haoura model are connected •• examine influences on personal wellbeing. You will continue to work towards the standards in the booklets: HP1011: Taking action HP1010Y1: Assessment Task for achievement standard 90061

Copyright © 2011 Board of Trustees of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu, Private Bag 39992, Wellington Mail Centre, Lower Hutt 5045, New Zealand. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without the written permission of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu.

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contents 1

The hauora model for wellbeing

2

Linking dimensions of hauora

3

Influences on personal wellbeing

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HP1010

1


how to do the work When you see:

1A

Complete the activity.

Contact your teacher.

Go to the online programme.

Check your answers.

Your teacher will assess this work.

You will need: •• a pen, pencil, scissors, glue, highlighters and ruler •• your supervisor to observe and verify your work. Resource overview In this booklet you will look at the concept of hauora and how the process of goal setting can be used to enhance personal wellbeing. As you progress through HP1010 you will learn to set SMART goals and follow an action plan for a one week health related goal, then in the assessment task HP1010Y1 you will set a three week health related SMART goal to action and evaluate. The Course and assessment guide HP1000CA contains a glossary which provides an explanation of words and terms used in the course. If you have access to the Internet regularly or even just occasionally, you can expand your learning by following up particular topics and questions on the online support material for this course. Ask your teacher for the access details.

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HP1010

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1

the hauora model for wellbeing learning outcome

Examine the hauora model for wellbeing.

learning intention

In this leson you will learn to: •• identify the dimensions of hauora. There are many different ways to look at wellbeing. In this course we will consider Hauora, a model of wellbeing, developed by Mason Durie and based on a Māori philosophy (thinking, belief, and way of life) of health. His model is called Te Whare Tapa Whā model of hauora.

Taha hinengaro Mental and emotional wellbeing

Taha whānau Social wellbeing

Taha tinana Physical wellbeing

Taha wairua Spiritual wellbeing

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the hauora model for wellbeing

The concept wellbeing brings together the physical, mental and emotional, social and spiritual dimensions of health. We can see from the diagram on the previous page that the concept of wellbeing brings together the physical, mental and emotional, social and spiritual dimensions of health. In the hauora model of wellbeing all four dimensions work together to contribute to a balanced lifestyle which helps a person to feel good and function well.

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Taha tinana – physical wellbeing

the physical body, its growth, development, ability to move, ways of caring for it.

Taha hinengaro – mental and emotional wellbeing

coherent thinking processes, acknowledging and expressing thoughts and feelings and responding constructively.

Taha whānau – social wellbeing

family relationships, friendships, and other interpersonal relationships; feelings of belonging, compassion, and caring; and social support.

Taha wairua – spiritual wellbeing

the values and beliefs that determine the way people live, the search for meaning and purpose in life, as well as personal identity and self-awareness. (For some individuals and communities, spiritual wellbeing is linked to a particular religion; for others, it is not.)

HP1010

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the hauora model for wellbeing

1A

Using the dimensions of wellbeing below, label each of the four sections of the hauora ball model on the next page with the following: Taha tinana/Physical wellbeing Taha hinengaro/Mental and emotional wellbeing Taha whanau/Social wellbeing Taha wairua/Spiritual wellbeing Cut out each of the statements below. Then stick each statement onto the page around the hauora heading to which it belongs. Some of the statements might belong in two of the dimensions; place these statements across the division between the two parts. karakia

being free from disease

being included

purpose in life

having shelter

willing to help others

being true to yourself

being coordinated

being able to mix socially

personal beliefs

managing your weight

having compassion

goal-setting

having good nutrition

able to communicate thoughts/feelings

positive outlook on life

sense of achievement

challenging yourself

having values

critical thinking

able to express yourself

appreciation of environment

being able to work hard

being able to work in a team

cultural values

personal identity – who you are

able to make decisions

feeling good about yourself

feeling fresh & healthy

self-control

being fit

sleep & rest

having fun/enjoyment

being strong & flexible

mixing with others

able to solve problems

having confidence

being able to relax

feeling safe

being comfortable with your sexuality

having good friends

having aspirations/a vision

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HP1010

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the hauora model for wellbeing

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HP1010

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the hauora model for wellbeing

hauora/wellbeing

Your teacher will assess this work.

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2

linking dimensions of hauora learning outcome

Examine how the dimensions of the hauora model are connected.

learning intention

In this lesson you will learn to: •• identify and explain how the dimensions of the hauora model for wellbeing overlap and are linked.

wellbeing

There are links between the dimensions of hauora which affect wellbeing. This means that if one dimension has been affected in some way there can be an effect on the other dimensions. Each dimension can influence any of the other dimensions positively or negatively. For a person to have positive wellbeing, that is feeling good and functioning well, all dimensions of hauora need to be in balance. When a person takes action by setting a goal to enhance an aspect of wellbeing, it can have benefits to their total wellbeing. Read the scenario below to gain an understanding how a change in one aspect of Jess’s life can affect all of the dimensions of hauora and wellbeing. Scenario: Jess has been really busy since the start of the year with a part-time job, studying for NCEA and trying to keep in contact with friends. This has left Jess without much time for any physical activity. How does this affect all aspects of Jess’s wellbeing?

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Dimensions of wellbeing

Effect on self

Taha tinana/ Physical wellbeing

Jess’s physical wellbeing is affected because it is becoming harder to do the everyday things that she took for granted when she was physically active. Jess has found that even walking up the stairs at work makes her puff more than before.

Taha hinengaro/ Mental and emotional wellbeing

Jess has realised that her fitness has dropped off and this is bothering her. Concentrating at school and work sometimes seems harder to do for long periods of time. Jess feels frustrated because she knows that when she was fitter it was easier to concentrate.

Taha whanau/ Social wellbeing

Jess’s friends are really keen for her to go with them to the gym, swimming and mountain biking, but Jess is reluctant to go because she isn’t as fit as she used to be and she is sure her friends will notice that she can’t keep up with them.

Taha wairua/ Spiritual wellbeing

Feeling unfit has impacted on the way Jess sees herself. She feels bad and feels that her physical condition isn’t as good as it was. She feels that she is not managing to maintain her goal to keep healthy, which has been something she has valued before. This has had an affect on both her confidence and self-worth.

HP1010

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linking dimensions of hauora

interconnection of the four dimensions

All dimensions work together to produce health-enhancing benefits so each dimension overlaps the other just as the walls of the whare are interconnected. This overlapping is known as interconnection of the dimensions of wellbeing. ‘Inter’ means between so interconnection is a connection between any of the four dimensions.

Taha wairua

(spiritual)

Taha tinana (physical)

karakia purpose in life physical fitness skills

being true to yourself

personal belief structure flexibility strength confidence health/physical benefits goal-setting sexuality hōkakatanga positive outlook on life co-ordination weight management appreciation of environment feeling happy about self nutrition work rate

values

cultural value

mixing with others

matakite

personal identity

feeling fresh and healthy

team strategies

expression

relaxing challenge decision making friendships self control including others enjoyment community/caring social interaction problem-solving communication of thoughts/feelings being included compassion/caring fun helping others sense of achievement tuākana/tēina thinking strategies Taha whānau Taha hinengaro (family) (mental and emotional)

2A

In activity 1A, did you place any statements across more than one dimension? Identify at least five statements that can connect at least two dimensions. For example, being able to relax, Taha tinana/Taha hinegaro. •• •• •• •• •• © te ah o o t e k ur a p o un a m u

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linking dimensions of hauora

Identify one statement that could connect every dimension, and then explain how this is connected to each dimension.

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3

influences on personal wellbeing learning outcome

Examine influences on personal wellbeing.

learning intention

In this lesson you will learn to: •• identify and explain personal, interpersonal and societal influences on personal wellbeing.

enhancing wellbeing

To make a change to improve or enhance personal wellbeing, it can be helpful to understand the factors which influence the choices a person makes and how those choices can affect their wellbeing. These influences on wellbeing can be divided into personal, interpersonal and societal factors. The factors can influence wellbeing either positively or negatively. The diagram below shows the influences as separate circles but in reality the factors and influences are interrelated and can work in combination with each other. Personal factors: An individual’s beliefs, attitudes, needs, wants, thoughts, values and behaviours. Interpersonal factors: Result from people’s interaction and communication with those around them (friends, family, workmates, teachers etc.). Societal factors: The way that cultural attitudes, politics, economic circumstances, social norms, media pressures and globalisation (for example) interact with communities and individuals.

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influences on personal wellbeing

Read the following example Keri wants to enhance her wellbeing by cutting down and then to quit smoking. Personal factors: •• believes smoking is harmful •• values her health •• craves cigarettes, addicted •• likes being one of the crowd with her friends. Interpersonal factors: •• Keri’s friends smoke •• Keri’s family don’t allow smoking in the house •• Keri’s coach keeps suggesting she should stop. Societal factors: •• Keri is not allowed to smoke at school or at sports practice •• more laws to prohibit smoking in public places e.g. shopping malls, schools, stadiums, airports •• cigarette packets have pictures on them that put her off •• glamorised pictures of people smoking on the internet and movies makes it seem ok •• attitudes to smoking have changed over time and now there is a view that it is less acceptable to smoke. Keri has many influences on her to smoke and to not smoke. Whether she continues to smoke will depend on the factors that have the most influence. For her to quit smoking and enhance her wellbeing she will have to make some changes and choices which could be achieved through a goal setting process.

3A

Use one of the following examples for enhancing personal wellbeing, or add your own example. •• Do more exercise •• Improve body image •• Learn a new skill •• Improve my eating so I make more healthy choices •• Improve how I relate to others

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My own example:

HP1010

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influences on personal wellbeing

Identify personal, interpersonal and societal factors that could influence you making this change to your personal wellbeing. Personal factors:

Interpersonal factors:

Societal factors:

Your teacher will assess this work.

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HP1010

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influences on personal wellbeing

3B

Explain which factors have the most influence on you making this change to your personal wellbeing.

Your teacher will assess this work.

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HP1010

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acknowledgements Every effort has been made to acknowledge and contact copyright holders. Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu apologises for any omissions and welcomes more accurate information. Photos A teenage girl rollerblades while listening to music, # 10004_829 © Rob Tucker © mychillybin ltd. Standard license. Quit Smoking, iStock #000006479150. Standard license. Diagram Te Whare Tapa Wha model of hauora © Mason Durie. Enhancing Wellbeing: Personal factors, Interpersonal factors, Societal factors © Year 11 NCEA Teachers Guide words, Te Kura.

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self-assessmenthp1010 Fill in the rubric by ticking the boxes you think apply for your work. This is an opportunity for you to reflect on your achievement in this topic and think about what you need to do next. It will also help your teacher. Write a comment if you want to give your teacher more feedback about your work or to ask any questions. Fill in your name and ID Number. Your teacher will complete the rest. Student Name: Not Attempted

Student ID:

Not Achieved

Achieved

Merit

Excellence

I have identified the dimensions of hauora. I have identified and explained how the dimensions of the hauora model for wellbeing overlap and are connected. I have identified and explained personal, interpersonal and societal influences on personal wellbeing. Please place your comments in the relevant boxes below. Student Comment Reflective thoughts – think about the answers to these questions and share your thoughts to show how much you have learnt. I have identified the dimensions of hauora. I have identified and explained how the dimensions of the hauora model for wellbeing overlap and are connected. I have identified and explained personal, interpersonal and societal influences on personal wellbeing. Any further student comments.

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Phone, fax or email your teacher if you want to talk about any of this work. Freephone 0800 65 99 88 teacher use only Please find attached letter Teacher Comment

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cover sheet – hp1010 students – place student address label below or write in your details. Full Name ID No. Address (If changed)

authentication statement I certify that the assessment work is the original work of the student named above.

Signed

Signed

(Student)

(Supervisor)

for school use only assessment

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HP1010