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visual arts

ar2000ca course and assessment guide ncea level 2


visual arts (ar2000) teacher contact details When you first make contact with your teacher, please fill out their details below, for future reference.

name: ext:

telephone: 0800 65 99 88 alternative telephone number: email address:

Private Bag 39992, Wellington Mail Centre, Lower Hutt 5045 Please keep your Visual Arts (AR2000) Course and assessment guide in a safe place so that you can use it to plan your study and to record your assessment results. For further information about courses at this level, please refer to Student Guide to Years 11–13 and the Student Guide to National Certificates.

An example of work from module AR2003.

Copyright © 2012 Board of Trustees of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu, Private Bag 39992, Wellington Mail Centre, Lower Hutt 5045, New Zealand. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without the written permission of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu.

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contents 1

Welcome to AR2000


Getting started information


AR2000 course outline


Assessment summary


Additional course materials


Assessment information

7 Glossary 8

Suggested course planner


My Visual Arts assessment record (AR2000)

An example of preparatory work from module AR2005.

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welcome to ar2000 Welcome to the Level 2 Visual Arts (AR2000) course offered by Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu. Currently, Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu only offers the Painting standards in NCEA Level 2 Visual Arts. All references to Visual Arts within this guide and the course refer to Painting only.

Who am I?, Kelcy Taratoa, 2008.

AIMS OF AR2000 The Level 2 Visual Arts course aims to provide students with an introduction to painting techniques and processes. Students are encouraged to investigate a range of approaches to painting through the study of artist models appropriate to their chosen subject matter and interests. Each module of work includes a series of tasks and activities that build up skills and understanding toward the NCEA Level 2 Painting assessments. Each module of work relates to an achievement standard, for example Module AR2001 is assessed for the Achievement Standard 91306, 2.1. The five NCEA achievement standards within the course can contribute up to 28 credits at Level 2 NCEA. However, students usually choose only two or three achievement standards to complete. This course can be endorsed with Merit or Excellence if in a single year you gain 14 or more credits at Merit and/or Excellence within Level 2 Visual Arts. At least three of these credits must be from externally assessed standards and three from internally assessed standards.



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getting started information how this course is delivered

AR2000 is an interactive online course only delivered in the online teaching and learning environment (OTLE) for Te Kura. You will receive an email explaining how to log in to OTLE. This email includes a link to set your password if you have not logged into the OTLE before. You can access OTLE by clicking on It is recommended that you bookmark this site in your browser. This will take you to a page with links to your courses. Your username and initial password is your Te Kura student ID number. You will be asked to set a new password when you first log in. After that, if you need to reset your password you can click on the ‘Forgot password’ link on the OTLE login page. If you have difficulties logging in, please email:

organising your study and art work

Plan a regular time to study. Some people learn best from frequent short sessions while others do better with fewer, longer sessions. It is important to have a plan or a timetable and to keep to it. There is a suggested planner in the back of this guide for you to plan your programme of study. You may wish to consult with your subject teacher to help you decide on your plan. Getting your study underway is very important. Your first return of work should be two to three weeks after you first received your initial work. If you have any issues returning your work within this time please contact your subject teacher. For more information on how to study successfully, refer to the Student Guide to Years 11–13 (

te kura codes

Your course code is: AR2000. AR is the code for Level 2 Visual Arts, and 2000 refers to Level 2.

resources you need to get going

Internet access: Either regular on-screen access to the course, and/or access to a printer to print a hard copy of particular tasks to work from. Library and research material: Become familiar with your local library and other research sources, for example art gallery websites, online resources such as Wikipedia and other online encyclopedias, for example, an online portal of many different encyclopedias, or Grove Art Online, a subscriber only site that is often available for free through public libraries. See the OTLE course file Reading list, for lists of useful art books, websites, and other great resources.

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getting started information

Art equipment: Either the Te Kura Level 2 Painting pack/s sent by your teacher, or equipment bought from your local stationery shop or art supply shop. The basic equipment list: Paper: A3 wet strength cartridge paper, A4 wet strength cartridge paper Drawing materials: soft 2B–8B graphite drawing pencils, charcoal sticks/pencils, brush, bamboo/stick pens with Indian ink, fine black drawing pen, chalk pastels and oil pastels Acrylic paint: white, cool blue (pthalo), warm blue (ultramarine), warm red (cadmium), cool yellow (lemon) and, very importantly, the earth colours: red oxide and yellow ochre Brushes: 1 mid size (no 8) chisel bristle, 1 small size (no 4) chisel bristle, 1 mid size (no 8) chisel nylon bristle, 1 small size (no 2) pointed nylon. Other materials and equipment required to complete each module will be listed in the instructions at the beginning of the module.


Many assessment activities are self-marked. There are exemplars available online for checking painting process and procedures. Using exemplars is very important as it gives you instant feedback on how well you understand the ideas, concepts and processes that have been covered.


Students are required to send in their self-marked activities as well as their internal or work-inprogress for external assessments. Teachers photocopy or scan students’ work and send it back to them with feedback and feed forward. Internal assessments for this course are: •• a research investigation of other artists’ work AS91306, 2.1 (AR2001) . •• a drawing investigation that applies knowledge of painting conventions AS91311, 2.2 (AR2002) •• a drawing investigation that develops a related series of work AS91316, 2.3 (AR2003) •• a single resolved work that demonstrates cultural conventions AS91325, 2.5 (AR2005) The detailed criteria for Achievement Standards will be given in the relevant modules. They can also be found by searching the subject and level in the NCEA part of the NZQA website ( and then finding the relevant standard(s). External assessment preparation includes: •• regular formative assessment of external portfolio work AS91321, 2.4 (AR2004).

time commitment

There are five modules in this course. Each contains a note on the front page indicating how many hours the topic is likely to take. For example, module AR2002 may take 30­–40 hours of student work to complete at the normal pace, representing about four to six weeks of work. 4


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getting started information

Before deciding on the pace of learning, read through this Course and assessment guide and ask yourself the following: •• How much time can I set aside for art work each week? •• Will I be able to keep a steady pace of hours of art work each week? •• What do I want to do next year? How many credits will I need to do this? •• Will I be doing externally and internally assessed standards? •• Will I be prepared to submit the external portfolio at the end of the year? •• Will I need specific external or internal credits as a prerequisite for next year’s study or work?

normal pace of learning

A normal pace of learning is similar to what a student does at school. As a guide, expect to do at least five hours work per week. This means completing one to two modules each term if you are aiming to complete four or five modules from the course before the external examinations at the end of the school year.

flexible pace of learning

If you have less than a year because you started later or need to finish earlier, you can decide the pace at which you work. You could still complete the whole course by devoting more time and effort to it. Your teacher can ensure that you receive the resources you need in time to do this.

choosing topics and standards

You may wish to do only some modules. For example, you may only want to do internal standards in this course. You should discuss this with your Learning advisor and art teacher. You should consider how well this will meet your learning goals and whether it will meet the specific course entry requirements for tertiary institutions or any future study and whether you will be able to gain enough credits to achieve your NCEA.

cover sheets

Print the cover sheet at the end of each task, this becomes the cover sheet for your work. Fill it in, sign it and attach to the front of your work before sending back to Te Kura. Your supervisor also signs this sheet as part of our authenticity requirements (if applicable). All students are encouraged to submit as much as possible of their work online via the OTLE Dropbox. When work requires authentication, students will follow the instructions provided in OTLE.

queries about your work

It is important to contact your teacher if you have any queries about your work. It helps to have your ID number, module code and task number (for example, AR2001 topic 2) and the activity number when you contact your teacher, but it is not essential.


Keeping in touch with your teacher is really important. Let them know how you are going, or if you are feeling stuck. It helps to send work regularly, either in the post or through email. Digital photos or scans are a great way for you to share work in progress and receive fast, helpful feedback and encouragement.

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ar2000 course outline Course item/ booklet


Learning outcomes (if applicable)



Understanding established painting practice.

Topic 1 Artist model research and analysis LO: Research and analyse artworks

AS91306 2.1

Topic 2 Research artist model methods and ideas LO: Research painting methods and ideas


Drawing methods used in painting.

Demonstrate an understanding of methods and ideas from established practice appropriate to painting

Topic 3 Draw to understand methods and ideas LO: Draw with understanding of research methods and ideas

4 credits

Topic 1 Get to know your subject matter LO: Get to know your subject matter

AS91311 2.2

Topic 2 Research and use drawing methods LO: Research and use drawing methods.

Further assessment opportunity

Use drawing methods to apply knowledge of conventions appropriate to painting 4 credits

Topic 3 Use and understand the techniques and processes of artist models LO: Use and understand painting techniques and processes Topic 4 Extend your use of techniques and processes of artist models LO: Use an extended range of painting techniques and processes



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ar2000 course outline


Drawing in a related series.

Topic 1 Establish your subject matter and art idea LO: Establish your subject matter and art idea Topic 2 Research drawing techniques and art ideas for your related series of work LO: Research drawing techniques and art ideas

AS91316 2.3 Develop ideas in a related series of drawings appropriate to established painting 4 credits

Topic 3 Develop use of media and techniques within your related series LO: Use researched media and techniques in a related series Topic 4 Clarify and extend related ideas LO: Clarify and extend ideas in a related series AR2004

A systematic body or work and portfolio.

Topic 1 Draw to generate ideas LO: Draw to generate ideas Topic 2 Developing ideas in wet media LO: Develop ideas in wet media Topic 3 Developing a series of paintings LO: Develop a series of paintings

AS91321 2.4 Produce a systematic body of work that shows understanding of art making conventions and ideas within painting 12 credits

Topic 4 Innovative painting, and folio presentation LO: Complete innovative painting/s and folio

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ar2000 course outline


A resolved work.

Topic 1 Brainstorm your ideas and knowledge of your cultural convention LO: Generate ideas and knowledge of chosen cultural convention Topic 2 Research techniques and processes for your cultural convention LO: Research techniques and processes of a particular cultural convention

AS91325 2.5 Produce a resolved work that demonstrates control of skills appropriate to cultural conventions 4 credits

Topic 3 Confirm your proposal and test your idea LO: Propose and test the idea to resolve any problems. Topic 4 Complete and present your resolved work LO: Complete and present a final resolved work

An example of work from AR2003.



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assessment summary credits offered: 28

ncea level 2 painting (ar2000) Study material (code)

Standard number

Standard title

AS91306 Visual Arts 2.1 4 credits

Demonstrate an understanding of methods and ideas from established practice appropriate to painting


AS91311 Visual Arts 2.2 4 credits

Use drawing methods to apply knowledge of conventions appropriate to painting


AS91316 Visual Arts 2.3 4 credits

Develop ideas in a related series of drawings appropriate to established painting


AS91321 Visual Arts 2.4 12 credits

Produce a systematic body of work that shows understanding of art making conventions and ideas within painting


AS91325 Visual Arts 2.5 4 credits

Produce a resolved work that demonstrates control of skills appropriate to cultural conventions


An example of work from AR2005.

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additional course materials additional course materials/resources Item


Art equipment packs

Te Kura supplies art making materials and equipment packs to fulltime, young adult and foreign fee paying students only. Your teacher will dispatch the appropriate pack/s as you need them. Please get in touch with your teacher if you are missing anything.

online resouces Resource



AR2000 OTLE Course

The Level 2 Visual Arts course is delivered online through the Online Teaching and Learning Environment (OTLE). Students complete individual modules and achievement standards in consultation with their subject teacher and learning advisor. If students need a printed version of the course they should talk to their painting teacher.

assessment tasks Teachers in this course will photocopy or scan assessments and then send either the photocopy or original back out with feedback on student work. The self-assessments are available as PDFs on the OTLE. Your internal assessments will be sent to you when you have completed and submitted the work for that standard.



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assessment information standards

The National Qualifications Framework has two types of national standards: Achievement and Unit Standards. Credits from both Achievement Standards and Unit Standards count towards NCEA. Please refer to our Student Guide to National Certificates or Te Kura ( and NZQA websites ( for more information about National Certificates of Educational Achievement, and assessment.

internal assessment

Some Achievement Standards and Unit Standards are internally assessed. This means that the teachers set and mark your assessments at the school.

external assessment

External assessment means that someone outside the school marks students’ work. This may be through NZQA examinations at the end of the year or by submitting a portfolio or project for subjects such as Graphics, Technology and Art. You will be able to complete practice assessments and Te Kura examinations for external standards.

further assessment opportunities for internal assessments

Your teacher will assess internally assessed work against the achievement standard criteria once you have accumulated enough work.


You will have opportunities to resubmit the work if necessary. Your teacher will discuss final resubmission dates with you.


Authenticity means students complete and submit work that is their own. When you submit work to Te Kura you sign an authentication declaration that the work you are submitting is your own work and was done under the required assessment conditions. Your supervisor signs this declaration to confirm this (where applicable). When submitting work online via the OTLE Dropbox, if it requires authentication, students must follow the instructions provided in OTLE.

derived grades (compassionate consideration)

If for any unexpected reason you are not able to sit your end of year examination or to submit final work towards an external standard (portfolios or projects), you may be eligible for a derived grade. Please refer to the Student Guide to National Certificates and contact your Learning Advisor as soon as possible to find out more should you feel this is necessary.


You have the right to query an assessment result if you want further clarification or disagree with the result. If you are still not satisfied, you may appeal. Refer to the Student Guide to National Certificates for more information. You can also appeal any other decisions, procedures or policies about assessments. Contact your teacher or Learning advisor if you wish to appeal. More information and a form that students can use to appeal is available on the Te Kura website in the Student toolkit area ( and go to Student toolkit). Š te ah o o t e k ur a p o un a m u




glossary This is a basic glossary of common art terms. You can find an expanded version in the OTLE course files entitled: Alphabetical Glossary, and Categorised Glossary. Appropriation: Where an artist uses objects or images taken from another artist, culture or context. Blending: Smoothing edges of colours together so that they have a smooth gradation where they meet. Canvas: Closely woven cotton or linen cloth used to paint on. Collage: A work made by sticking paper, fabric or other materials on to a flat surface. Colour: Might be natural colour, high key or bright, monochrome, cold, warm, psychedelic, etc. Composition: The formal arrangement of a work of art. Crosshatching: Parallel lines that crisscross each other at angles, to make tone. Dry media: Art materials such as pencil, charcoal, pastel as a medium. Eye level: A real or imagined line running through a two-dimensional composition and representing the artist’s viewpoint in relation to the subject. Expressive: Strong colours and/or vigorous application of media. Focal point: The main part of the picture that draws the viewer’s attention. Foreground: The front of the picture plane. Form: An object which has, or appears to have, volume and solidity. Formal properties: The appearance of a work of art and everything that can be described by looking at it, including the shape, textures, colours, composition, size and style. Frottage: Textural rubbings. Glaze: A thin, transparent layer of paint or other media that allows the colour underneath to show through. Ground: The surface a work is built up on, for instance paper, canvas, board, hessian. Horizon (or horizon line): See eye level. Image: The overall appearance of a work of art, or the representation of a person or object in visual form. 12


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Juxtaposed: Placed side by side or alongside each other. Light source: The direction from which the light is coming. Landscape: A picture space with a longer width than height. Line: Long/short, hard/soft, jagged/smooth, continuous/broken, straight/curved etc. Medium/media (pl): Materials and tools. Mixed media: A work built up in layers from two or more different media such as pencil, oil pastel and paint. Monochrome (or monochromatic): A picture in tones of one colour, or in black and white. Perspective: A system for representing three-dimensional form, space and distance on a flat surface. One point, or linear, perspective is based around receding parallel lines that appear to meet at a vanishing point on the horizon or eye level. Pictorial elements: When artists make a picture they need to understand one or more pictorial elements. These elements can include composition – the placement of shapes, tones, light, textures, patterns, or viewpoints – or the pictorial element might be about how to treat the subject to convey a mood or idea. Your subject can be used as a tool to explore pictorial elements. Picture plane: Like an imaginary sheet of glass separating the painting from the viewer, so that some elements may appear close and others further back or distant. The term is used in discussing the arrangement of elements within a painting. Pictorial depth: How deep or shallow the picture looks. Picture space: The whole space to be considered as part of a composition. Portrait: A picture space with a longer height than width. Primary colours: Red, yellow and blue, which can’t be mixed from other colours. Proportion: The dimensions, or scale, of the various parts of an image or object, in relation to each other and to the object as a whole. Scale: Relative size, for instance one drawing or part of a drawing in relation to another. Scumbling: Applying a thin, semi-opaque coating of paint over a previously painted surface to alter the colour or appearance of the surface without totally obscuring it.

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Sfumato: Italian for ‘shaded off’. Gradual, almost imperceptible transitions of colour from light to dark. Sgraffito: Technique in which the surface layer is incised or cut away to reveal a contrasting colour. Shape: A two-dimensional surface with a defined area but no volume. Surface: The appearance of the top layer which may be rough, smooth, slippery, furry, soft, etc. Symbol (or symbolic): Something that stands for or represents something else. Three-dimensional: Having, or appearing to have, volume and solidity. Transparent: Can be seen through, for example glaze or watered down paint. Tonal modelling: The use of graduated light to dark tones to make a two-dimensional shape look solid. Tone: The relative lightness or darkness of any part of an object or composition. Vanishing point: A fixed point in a system of perspective at which parallel lines receding from the picture plane appear to meet. Viewpoint: The artist’s point of view. Either the physical viewpoint in relation to the picture plane or the psychological viewpoint towards the subject. Viewfinder: A piece of card with a rectangle shape cut into it, which is used to view a specific area. Volume: The shape or mass of a three-dimensional form. Wash: A thin, usually widely applied, layer of transparent or heavily watered down paint or ink. Wet media: Art materials such as oils, ink, water colour as a medium.



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suggested course planner ar2000 painting

Recommended learning pathway. AR2002 is the starting point. Each module builds into the next. Completion of at least one internal is required to proceed to the external folio. Other options can apply. Feb




term 1



term 2




term 3



term 4


AR2002 AR2003 AR2004F AR2001 AR2005


standards you can gain


AS91311 Drawing and painting 4 credits

AS91306 Research 4 credits

AS91316 Drawing 4 credits

AS91325 Research cultural conventions 6 credits

18 credits from internals

Externals AS91321 Folio 12 credits

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12 credits from externals





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my visual arts assessment record (ar2000) Standard number

Assessment details

AS91306 4 credits

AR2001 Internal – written research and practical investigation

AS91311 4 credits

AR2002 Internal – drawing and painting practical investigation

AS91316 4 credits

AR2003 Internal – drawing and painting in a related series practical investigation

AS91321 12 credits

AR2004 External – a portfolio/body of work assessed in November

AS91325 4 credits

AR2005 Internal – a resolved work, practical investigation

Grade awarded

Further assessment opportunity or resubmission

Credits sub-total (before NZQA examination results)

Shade indicates external standard with NZQA November/ December examination results available in January.

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AR2000CA 2015  

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