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agriculture

ag100oi pre-learning questionnaire ncea level 1

2011/3


pre-learning questionnaire agriculture ncea level 1

The information from this questionnaire will assist your teachers to help you achieve your learning goals in agriculture. The questionnaire is in four sections. Complete all parts of the questionnaire before you start any booklets. You may need a calculator for section B. Post the questionnaire with its cover sheet back to your teacher as soon as possible.

Copyright Š 2011 Board of Trustees of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu, Private Bag 39992, Wellington Mail Centre, Lower Hutt 5045, New Zealand. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without the written permission of Te Aho o Te Kura Pounamu.

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section a

about yourself 1. Your teacher would like to know where you live and where you will do your study. If the address on your barcode label is different to this address, please tell your teacher. Address: City/town or region: Country: Tick the button next to the best answer.

2. Is the area where you live mainly rural or urban? rural urban

3. If you live in a rural area, tick any of the following that apply to you and write the main products in the box. Live on, or close to, a farm. Name the main products produced on the farm. Live on, or close to, a horticultural grower like a market garden, orchard, plant nursery. Name the main horticultural products produced. Live in, or close to, a forestry/logging operation. Name the main types of trees grown and what they will be used for (like sawn logs or pulp).

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section a about yourself

4. Have you gained achievement standards in, or are you studying, any of these subjects? Subject

Have achieved standards

Studying currently

Agriculture Level 1 Horticulture Level 1 Geography Level 1 Science Level 1 5. Why did you choose to study agriculture this year?

Tick the best button (or buttons).

 Interest

 Career goals

 Lack of other subjects

 Other reasons. What are your other reason(s)?

6. Have you decided on a career or job you would like to do yet?    

 Yes   

 No

7. What career, jobs or further study would you like to do?

8. Is there anything you would like to tell your teacher about your learning needs or previous experiences in agriculture?

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section a about yourself

9. Do you have any of the items below that could be used for your learning?

Circle your answers. Telephone

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Fax

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Computer

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

CD-ROM drive

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Internet access

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Email address

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Video conferencing

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

School laboratory

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Library

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Ag/hort newspapers/magazines

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

Camera

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

DVD player

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

MP3 player

Yes, most of the time

Sometimes

No

10. Tick the box that shows how you would like to learn.

 I only want printed booklets

 I like a mixture of printed booklets and internet learning

 I only want internet resources if available

11. Tick the box to indicate if you want to sit internal or external standards or a combination of the two, for complete course.

 Internally assessed standards only

 Externally assessed standards only

 Both internally and externally assessed standards

12. If you know the standards from the course that you definitely want to work on, list them below

13. Your email address.

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section b

prior knowledge in agriculture The questions in this section cover a wide range of topics. You will not be expected to be able to answer them all. Circle the correct answer for the multi-choice questions. 1. A property suitable for growing grain would have: a. flat land b. stony soil c. wet autumns d. hilly land. 2. An example of inorganic matter is: a. sand b. humus c. water d. air. 3. A soil type that has an ideal texture is: a. clay b. silt c. loam d. sand. 4. Clover is included in New Zealand pasture to: a. provide nutritious feed for livestock b. add nitrogen into the soil c. improve soil fertility d. all of the above. 5. The symbol for potassium is: a. P b. N c. K d. Ca.

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section b prior knowledge in agriculture

6. The plant in the photo is:

a. rye grass b. white clover c. fescue d. chicory. 7. Study the photo below. Circle the method being used to control pasture weeds.

a. grubbing b. spraying c. stock grazing d. cultivation 8. Ruminant animals include: a. cattle, sheep, pigs b. goats, cattle, pigs c. cattle, sheep, goats d. pigs, sheep, goats.

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section b prior knowledge in agriculture

9. Carbohydrates are used for: a. energy b. growth c. storage of energy d. all the above. 10. An essential macronutrient for animals is: a. selenium b. calcium c. cobalt d. iodine. 11. Succulent feeds do not include: a. cereals b. leafy pasture c. silage d. leafy root crops. 12. Genetic weakness can be an indirect cause of ill health in animals. A farmer said two of their cows had a genetic weakness to mastitis (udder infection). What do they mean? The cows: a. did not like dirty milking cups b. became weak and developed mastitis c. were more likely to get mastitis than the others d. all the above. 13. A plant poisonous to animals is: a. grass b. chicory c. clover d. buttercup.

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section b prior knowledge in agriculture

14. Cultivation: a. damages the soil texture b. breaks up and turns over the soil c. encourages weeds d. causes poor drainage. 15. Crop rotation: a. builds up soil fertility b. stops build up of soil pests and diseases c. improves levels of organic matter d. all the above. 16. Germination of wheat seeds is affected by: a. light, seed size b. disease, fertiliser c. age of seed, disease d. light, age of seed. 17. Hay should be harvested in: a. damp weather b. late flowering c. dry weather d. seed. 18. A farmer could use a temporary farm fence rather than a permanent fence for: a. break feeding livestock b. hill country c. around silage stacks d. both choices a. and c.

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section b prior knowledge in agriculture

19. Flushing is: a. removing ova from a ewe b. removing eggs from a ewe c. giving ewes maintance feed only d. putting ewes onto good pasture just before mating time. 20. Erosion of soil on hill country could be reduced by: a. increasing livestock numbers b. planting more trees c. using more machinery d. decreasing rabbit control. 21. One sustainable farm management practice is: a. having large numbers of stock b. getting rid of effluent quickly anywhere c. saving water d. applying fertiliser in large amounts. 22. Draw a line to match each of the following pieces of machinery with its use. •• Harrow

•• Sowing seed and fertiliser at the correct depth

•• Tedder

•• Making a fine seed bed

•• Seed drill

•• Harvesting grain crops

•• Combine harvester

•• Used for drying hay

23. Complete and fill in the punnett square for crossing a polled bull (no horns, PP) with a nonpolled (horned cow, pp).

P

p

P

Pp

(polled)

p

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section b prior knowledge in agriculture

24. Draw a line to match the photo with the type of agriculture production shown.

Sheep farming

Dairy farming

Deer farming

Cropping

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section c

keeping safe 25. Study the photo in the box below, circle all the things the person in the photo is doing correctly to keep himself, and others, safe.

•• wearing a helmet

•• carrying passengers

•• not carrying passengers

•• wearing loose fitting clothing

•• correct use of the machine

•• wearing boots

•• not wearing a helmet

•• fitting clothing and trousers

•• rider suitable age, over 15 years old

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section d skills

planning an investigation

Use the following statements from a chicken investigation to answer questions 26, 27 and 28. a. Chicken diet investigation b. Higher levels of protein in the diet will give faster growth in chickens. c. –– Two groups of female chickens were used in each group. –– 25 chickens per group. –– Group 1 was given feed with 21% protein. –– Group 2 was given feed with 18% protein. –– Trial was for 10 days. –– Each chicken was weighed each day. –– All chickens were kept in the same environment. –– All chickens had access to clean water. d. To see what affect the level of protein in the diet has on the growth of chickens.

26. Which statement in the box above is the aim? a. b. c. d. 27. Which statement in the box above describes the hypothesis (prediction) being tested? a. b. c. d. 28. Which statement in the box above is the method? a. b. c. d.

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section d skills

using a key

29. Use the key below to work out the scientific name of the plants and animals in the photos. Write the correct scientific name below each photograph.

Scientific name:

Scientific name:

Scientific name:

Scientific name:

key 1. doesn’t make its own food makes its own food

go to 2 go to 3

2. eats meat eats plants

Canis familiaris Ovis aries

3. has long thin leaves has leaves divided into three leaflets

Lolium perenne Trifolium repens

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section d skills

maths on the farm

Calculating stock units The number of animals that can be fed by a particular area of farmland is called the carrying capacity. The carrying capacity shows how many stock units can be placed on each hectare of farm. One ewe equals one stock unit. To work out the carrying capacity of a farm, divide the number of ewes by the area. 30. What is the carrying capacity of a 70 hectare farm carrying 1050 ewes? a. 20 stock units per hectare b. 6 stock units per hectare c. 150 stock units per hectare d. 15 stock units per hectare.

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section d skills

interpreting a graph Average growth rate in piglets 50

Average weight in kilograms (kg)

40

30

20

10

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

Age (weeks)

31. What was the average weight of a piglet at week 10? a. 24 kg b. 25 kg c. 26 kg d. 27 kg 32. How many weeks did it take for the average piglet to reach 40 kg? a. 12 b. 13 c. 14 d. 15 14

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section d skills

33. The wet weight of a soil sample is 100 g. It is then oven-dried to remove all the water. The dry weight is 60 g. Circle the correct method of calculating the amount of water in the soil sample. a. Wet weight – dry weight = the amount of water in the sample b. Dry weight – wet weight = the amount of water in the sample c. Wet weight = the amount of water in the sample Dry weight d. Dry weight = the amount of water in the sample Wet weight 34. Which of the following methods would you use to calculate the percentage of water in the soil sample? a. 60 X 100 = 60% 1 b. 100 – 60 = 40 c. 40 X 100 = 40% 1 d. 100 – 60 = 40 then 40 X 100 = 40% 100 1 35. Fill in the gaps to complete the following table. The first one has been done for you.

a. b. c. d. e. f.

Measurement time length volume mass area

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Units used seconds metres

Symbol s L

grams degrees celsius

oC ha

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cover sheet – ag10o0i students – place student address label below or write in your details. Full Name ID No. Address (If changed)

authentication statement I certify that the assessment work is the original work of the student named above. Signed

Signed

(Student)

(Supervisor)

for school use only assessment

www.tekura.school.nz


AG1000I 2013