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Universidad Mariano Gálvez de Guatemala Centro Regional Santa Lucia Cotzumalguapa Facultad de Administración de Empresas CURSO: Ingles Principiantes 4 LIC: Oscar Castillo

TEMA INGLES PRINCIPIANTES 4

TEOFILO CORADO GODOY SECCION: “A” CARNE: 2912-01-10466 FECHA: 12 DE NOVIEMBRE DEL 2012

1


INDEX

UN IT 8 Shopping for Clothes……………………………………………………86 UNIT 9 Taking Transportation………………………………………………….98 UNIT 10 Shopping Smart…………………………………………………………110

WORKBOOK UNIT 8…………………………………………………………………………………..W69 UNIT 9……………………………………………………………………………........W77 UNIT 1O……………………………………………………………………………….W785

TONGUE TWISTERS

CHAPTER OF MOHICANS

CAPITULO……………………………………………………………………………1 CAPITULO…………………………………………………………………………..2 CAPITULO……………………………………………………………………………3 CAPITULO……………………………………………………………………………4

2


INTRODUCTION This book is every important basis for leaning the English language as it has exercises and examples for better understanding of the English language itself is fundamental to a good education. This book is very practical to use because it contains parts for beginners course. AUTHOR:

Hello my name is Teofilo Corado, I like being told Teo and I am a student of industrial engineering and am very happy be studying a second language which I am sure that I will serve as much to the length and breadth of my professional life. I invite them to accept the challenge of learning a new language, ¨no hopefully opportunities to prepare us but rather prepare us for when the opportunity come. DEDICATION: This book is dedicated to all those people who have the vision to learn a new language and they see the opportunities this brings more challenges ahead as we live in a changing world and challenging which requires professionals suitable to achieve success in wherever we are. Teo Corado.

3


SECOND EDITION

LEARNING ENGLISH English for Today’s World

1B WITH WORKBOOK

TEOFILO CORADO GODOY With Top Notch Pop Songs and Karaoke By Rob Morsbe

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UNIT

Staying in Shape

1

How many calories can you burn in one hour? go running

572

go swimming

572

play soccer

501

go bike riding

500

do aerobics

429

Play golf

322

Go dancing

322

Go walking

250

Take a shower

248

Lift weights

214

Cook dinner

179

Clean the house

179

Go Shopping

164

Study English

128

Talk on the phone

71

Watch TV

71

Sleep

64 0

100

200

300

400

500

600

A: Vocabulary. Activities Listen and repeat. B: Class survey. According to the graph, approximately how many calories do you burn every day? Find out who in your class burns more than 1500 calories a day.

5


Exercises to lower cholesterol and triglycerides

Physical exercise is one of the best remedies for a body with high cholesterol, is an irrefutable truth. But many of us we have been diagnosed with high levels of LDL (bad cholesterol) and triglycerides, and we did turn a deaf ear to this recommendation? Unfortunately they are a majority. Not only by laziness change the routine of life (sedentary life of zapping and the good is always attractive to eat), but because there is another group that thinks that a diseased heart can succumb to physical exertion. Nothing further from the truth. The physical exercise and being in motion is an absolute necessity for someone who has high cholesterol. Firstly, because it stimulates the production of good cholesterol, which reduces LDL cholesterol. Thus, fats begin to fall. The liver is responsible for processing them; When saturated by excess fat you cannot regulate levels of blood cholesterol. Exercise burns fat and excess of toxins that accumulate in our body by a poor quality diet. The exercise also relaxes and desestresa, and helps to better processing food, controlling glucose levels, so it is especially suitable for diabetics. How to get started? You can ask advice to your family doctor and an instructor of fitness of the United Nations. If you're not nothing accustomed to great physical exertion, or long ago that do not practice any sport, ideally will be starting a few. Require the body to the maximum can bring us counterproductive effects, such as muscle and bone injuries. For example, you can start hiking. This exercise is very complete, besides that it does not require much and costs nothing. He walks an average of half an hour per day. Slowly at the beginning and then, as if you were hurried. If you have a bike, best; salt to buy, take a walk or do any diligence with it, instead of using the car or take a bus. Cycling makes work especially the legs, but also breathing. Athlete's foot. what better running every morning to start the day? One of the most complete sports and that does not cost anything. Salt a square of or some Park, and runs half an hour on average. If newly start, Get some breaks and take a deep breath.Other sports ideal for lowering cholesterol are swimming, spinning, jumping rope and doing aerobics. 6


LESSON 1

Plan an activity with someone Grammar: Can and have to Can Use can + the base form of a verb for possibility. I can go out for dinner tonight. I don’t have class in the morning. I can’t play golf today. I am too busy. She can meet us at the park, but her husband can’t. Can you go running tomorrow at three? (Yes, I can / no, I can’t)

Remember: Can + base form also expresses ability. We can speak English. They can’t play piano.

Have to Usage: When declining an invitation, use have to to provide a reason. Sorry, I can’t. I have to work late.

Use have to or has to + the base form of a verb for obligation. Has to She

They

Doesn’t have to Have to

meet her cousin at the airport. GRAMMAR BOOSTER Can and have to: Form and common errors. Information questions.

work late tonight.

Don’t have to

Can and be able to: Present and past forms.

Do you have to work tomorrow? (Yes, I do. / No, I don’t) Does he have to go to class? (Yes, He does. / No, he doesn’t)

A GRAMMAR PRACTICE: Read the sentences carefully. Then complete each sentence with can or have to. 1.

I’d like to go out tonight, but we have a test tomorrow. I _______________________.

2.

Audrey………………………….us for lunch today. She………………………….help boss write a report.

Study

Not/meet

Help

3. Good news! I………………………………………..Late tonight. We…………………………………together at 6:00 Not/work

Go running

4. My sister………………………………… at the mall today. She…………………………………………to the doctor. Not/go shopping

Go

5. Henry……………………………………..to Toronto next week, so he………………… golf with Go

Not/play

7


UNIT

8 Preview

1

Label each clothing item with the correct department. Use words from the box. Write the letter on the line. a. b.

Sleepwear Underwear & Lingerie

_______1 Coats

2

______4 golf shirts

c. d.

Athletic wear Outerwear

______2 Sunglasses

_______5 slips

e. d.

Hosiery Bags & Accessories.

______3 Slippers

______6 leggings

What´s important to these customers when they shop for footwear? Write price, selection, or service on the line.

I always shop at Dalton´s Department store because the clerks reallyhelp helpful. They always me find the right size and even offer to gift wrap!

I´m a student so I don´t have a lot of money. I shop at shoe outlet because they The always have a big sale. shoes I’m wearing now were 50% off!

1.____________________

2____________________

Jake´s footwear is the best! They have more than 200 different kinds Sandals, running shoes….. I of footwear-boots, like to have a lot of choices when I shop. 3____________________

8


3

Label the clothing items in the picture. Use words from the box.

Pumps Running shoes

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

A sweatshirt A blazer A shirt A windbreaker Pantyhose A skirt

A shirt A blazer A skirt Pantyhose Pomps A seatshirt A windbreakers Sweatpants Soks Running shoes

Socks

4

What´s your style? Complete the chart with the clothing and shoes you usually wear.

At home

5

At work

At school

To go out

Complete the conversations. Use object pronouns from the box. Pronouns can be Used more than once. Me

you

him

1. A: Are your sisters going to the party? B: I hope so. I invited______________. 2. A: This sweatshirt is really old. B: That´s Ok. I wear_________to Exercise. 3. A: Did you meet Ms. Jacobs? B: yes, I met___________ this morning. 4. A: when can I call you? B: let´s see. Call me __________tomorrow. I´ll be home all day.

her

it

us

them

5. A: I didn´t see you and Emma at the concert. B: you didn´t see_________? We were right near the stage. 6. A: I’ll take the sandals. B: great. Would you like me to gift wrap_______ for_________? 7. A: These pants are too small. B: Give____________ to your brother. A: I Can´t________ to _____________. He wears a size 36!

9


6 Complete the conversations. Use sentences from the box. cash

Could you gift wrap these shirts?

Yes certanly

Charge please. How would you like to pay? The v-neek or

I´ll take the sweater.

I´m sorry. We don´t have these pumps in black

the crew neek.

That´s too bad.

7 Complete the chart with words from the box. Write the comparative form of each adjective in the correct column. Loose spicy hot Tall bad important Friendly healthy nice 1. (+) - r

X

2. (+) - er

3. (-) – y (+) ier

sweet thin fat

4. Double the final consonant (+) -er

comfortable young convenient. 5. More

Irregular forms.

X X 10


Shopper: escuse me. How much is that V- neck? Clerk: This red one? It’s $55. Shopper: That’s not too bad.And it’s really nice.

Shopper: Could I get it in a larger size? Clerk: Here you go. This one’s a medium. Would you like to try it on?

Shopper: No, thanks. I’II just takeit. It’s a present for my sister. Would you be nice enough to gift wrap it for me? Clerk: Of course!

Shopper: Chinese speker; Clerk: Russian speaker D Think and explain Complete each statement. Then explain your answer 1. The shopper wants to know the……. Of the sweater. a price

b

size

2. She asks the cleark for…………….. a another color

b another size

How do you know? The shopper says, “could I get it in a largert” 3. The clerk brings the shopper a…….. a. Different size

b different color

How do you know? The clerk says. “This one is amediun”

4. The sweater is…………. a for the shopper

b for a different person 11


How do you know? The shopper says, “It its apresent for mysister”

E. Focus on language Complete each statement with a quotation from the Photo Story

1. Thes shopper says,

“ exdcuseme”

to get the clerk’s attention.

2. The shopper says, “that’s not too bad” to say that the price of the sweater is OK 3. The clerk says. “ Here you go “ when she gives the shopper the second sweater.

Casual clothes 1 Jeans

2 a T-shirt

3 a sweatshirt

4 a polo shirt

5 sweatpants

Sweaters and jackets A crewneck 2 a cardigan 3 a turtleneck 4 a V-neck 5 a windobreaker 6 a blazer Shoes 1 oxfords 2 loafers 3 sandals 4 running shoes 5 pumps flats

Discussion Compare charts with your classmates. Explain your reasons.

Vocabulary:

Types of clothing and repeat.

Read and listen. Then listen again and repeat. casual clothes jeans a T- shirt a sweatshirt

sweaters and jackets a crewneck a cardigan a turtleneck

shoes oxfords loafers sandls 12


a polo shirt sweatpants

Grammar: As direct objects direct object (noun) I want the cardigan. I love these pumps.

a V-neck a windbreaker a blazer

running shoes pumps flats

Uses of object pronouns

direct object (pronoun) I want it. I love them.

In prepositional phrases prepositional phrases(with nouns) We gave the V-neck to Jane. He´s buying a blazer for his wife.

Subject pronouns pronouns

Object

I You he she it we

me you him her it us

prepositional phrases(with pronoun) We gave the V-neck to her. He´s buying a blazer for her.

In a sentence with both a direct object and a prepositional phrase, the direct object comes first. We gave the hat to Jane. NOT W e gave to Jane the hat. He´s buying it for her. NOT He´s buying for her it.

A Grammar practice First, underline the direct object in each sentence. Then complete each conversation, replacing the direct object noun or noun phrase with an object pronoun.

1. A: Did you buy the green sweatpants? B: Yes, I bought..Them…. 2. A: Don`T you love these cool windbreakers? B: Yes, I really love Them….. 3. A: Should I buy this crewneck over here? B: No, don’t buy It 4. A: Did you see the blue polo shirts? B: Yes, I saw…. Them on that rack. 5. A: Does your daughter want this cardigan? B: She gave …. It….. to me. 13


Grammar practice Unscramble the words and phrases to write statements. 1

I / it / for her / am buying

2

they / them / for us / are getting

3

please / it / to me / give

4

for my son-in-law / I / them / need

5

it / he / is / finding / for me

I am buying it for her

.

Please it give to me

.

He is finding it for me

.

Conversation: Read and listen to a conversation in which someone is paying for clothes. A: B: A: B: A: B:

I´ll take these polo shirts, please. Certainly. How would you like to play for them? Excuse me? Cash or charge? Charge, please. And could you gift wrap them for me? Absolutely.

Comparative adjectives Use comparative adjectives to compare two people, places, things, or ideas. Do you have these pants in a larger size? This pair is a little tight. I need shoes that are more comfortable. These are very small. Do you have a pair of less expensive gloves? These are just too expensive. Use than after the adjective when you compare two items. That suit is nicer than the one I´m wearing. These gloves are more expensive than the other ones.

consonant Irregular + er forms small - smaller large - larger heavy - heavier big - bigger good – better Cheap - cheaper loose - looser pretty - prettier hot - hotter bad - worse BUT use more or less with adjectives that have two or more syllables and don´t end in –y. + er

+ r

+ ier

more expensive / less comfortable

14


A. Grammar practice Write the opposite of each comparative adjective. 1. smaller larger

3. lighter heavier

5. more expensive

less expensive

2. taller

4. tighter looser

6. less popular

less more

short

.

B. Complete each conversation with comparative adjectives. Use than if necessary. a: I just love these pajamas, but I wish they were warmer

.

warm

b: What about these? Blue is a really flattering color for you, and they’re much more expensive . expensive

a: Don’t take that nightgown to Hawaii! It’s hotter than it is here. Take something lighter . light

b: Good idea. a: What do you think of these red gloves? b: Beautiful. They’re

prettier

the black ones. And they’re

cheaper

pretty

, too.

cheap

a: Excuse me. Do these pants come in a longer length? long

b: I’m sure they do. Let me see if I can find you something

better

.

good

Coversation: A. Read and listen to someone asking for a different size.

a: Excuse me. Do you have these gloves in a smaller size? I need a medium. b: Yes, we do. Here you go. a: Thanks. b: Would you like to take them? a: Yes, please. Thanks for your help. b: My pleasure.

15


Taking Transportation: A Read and listen to a conversation between two people trying to catch a flight.

Marcos: Excuse me. Do you speak English? Roger: Actually I’m French. But, yes. Marcos: Thank goodness! I’m looking for Terminal 2. Roger: No problem. That’s where I’m going. Just follow me. Roger: So where are you flyi g today? Marcos: Manila. Then I’m connecting to a flight home. Roger: Well, that’s a coincidence. I’m on my way to Manila, too Flight 56? Marcos: Yes. But we should hurry. It’s boarding in fifteen minutes. Roger: And where is home? Marcos: Brazil. Sáo Paulo next week! Marcos: Really? What a small world!

B Think and explain Circle T (true), F (false), or NI (no information). Then explain Each answer. 1 Flight 56 leaves from Terminal 2.

T

F

IN

2 Roger lives in France.

T

F

IN

3 Roger and Marcos are both flying to Manila.

T

F

IN

4 Marcos is staying in Manila.

T

F

IN

5 Roger is staying in Manila.

T

F

IN

6 The two men catch the flight.

T

F

IN

16


Vocabulary:

Kinds of tickets and trips

A Read and listen. Then listen again and repeat. PASSENGER

TICKET

KOREA BUS LINE

SEOUL

SOKCHO

a one-way ticket local the express

JAPAN RAIL

PASSENGER TICKET

Tokyo Odawara Atami Maibara Kyoto

KOREA BUS LINE

SEOUL

SOKCHO

Flight

Flight

009

808 Taipei

New York

a direct flight

an aisle seat

Nozomi (express) 10:20 ---------------12:38

the

Air China

Los Angeles

10:13 10:30 11:00 13:39 14:04

a round-trip ticket

Air China

New York

Kodama (local)

Taipei

a non-stop flight

a window seat

B Complete the conversations with words and phrases from the Vocabulary. 17


A: Would you like a window or an aisle? B:

An aisle seat

. I like to walk around.

A: Is Flight 3 a non – stop B: No. It’s a direct

flight?

flight. It makes a stop, but you don’t have to change planes.

A: Do you want a round – trip ticket to Rome? B: Actually, I need a one – way ticket A: I’m sorry. It’s too late to make the B: Well, I’ll take the local

. I’m not coming back! express

.

. I’m not in a hurry.

Grammar: Modals Should and Could Should Use should and the base form of a verb to give advice. You shouldn’t take that flight. You should take the non – stop. Should they take the bus? (Yes, they should. / No, they shouldn’t.) When should we leave? (Before 2:00.) Could Use could and the base form of a verb to suggest or ask about alternatives or possibilities. The express bus is full, but you could take the local. Could I take the 2:20? (Yes, you could. / No, you couldn’t.)

18


Example: Should

-

s

Rosa should watks every day to improve her heath. t walk now. Pedro should

Could

You could

go

(es)---- no se usan now or you could stay. (s)

She could

tak

bus #2 or bus #4

Could you help go

Could you

me?

out with me tonight?

Could you please be quit? Grammar practice Complete each statement or question with Should or from. 1

He should

Could and the base

the express. The local arrives too late.

He / take

2 They said

we could

two aisle seats or an aisle and a window.

We / have

3 You should

a round – trip ticket. That way you

You / get

4 Which train

we could

? We absolutely have to be there on time.

We / take

5 They could

a ticket at the station or on the train. It doesn’t matter.

They / buy

19


Conversation:

Read and listen to someone buying tickets

a: Can I still make the 5:12 bus to Montreal? b: I’m sorry. It left five minutes ago. a: Too bad. What should I do? b: Well, you could take the 5:30. a: Ok. One ticket, please. b: One-way or round-trip? a: Round-trip, please.

B Grammmar practice. Unscramble the words and phrases to write statement. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

I / it / for her / am buying……..I ambuying it fer her. They / them / for us / are getting…… The are getting forus them Please / it / to me / give ………..please it give to me For my son-in-law / I / them / need…..I med son in law It / he / is / finding / for me…………I is finding it for me

Conversation Model: A Read and listen to someone asking for a differente size. A: Excuse me. Do you have these gloves in a samller size? I need a medium. B: Yes, we do. Here you go. A: Thanks. B: Would you like to take them? A: Yes, please. Thanks for your help B: My pleasure.

B

Rhythm and intonation. Listen again and repeat. Then practice the Conversation Model with a partner. 20


Now you can: Ask for a different size or color

A Notepadding On the conversation Model. Use comparatives and your list of clothes. Ask for a different size or color. Then change roles.

A: Excuse me. D o you have…..in …………..? B: Yes, we do. Here you go. A: Thanks. B: Would you like to take………..? A: …………….Thanks for your help. B: ……………..

Oral comprehension: Classroom Tip How to Check for Comprehension during Input or Direct Instruction The teacher presents a variety of contextual material to the students, using visual reinforcement. At each phase of the input, the teacher checks for comprehension by asking a variety of questions to the class as a whole. The teacher encourages students to work in pairs or small groups to respond to the questions. Calling on one student at a time to respond to the comprehension checks is counter-productive. It takes a lot of time and dampens student interest. EXAMPLE: "My Favorite Activities" Teacher presents a slide program or a series of pictures that illustrate the language text to be learned by the students. I like to read. I like to read news magazines. I like to read the "LA Times" newspaper. I don't like to read the "Orange County Register" newspaper. I like to read weblogs on the Internet. I love to read books about teaching. I don't like to read movie magazines! 1. 2. 3. 4.

Do I like to read magazines? Do I like to read movie magazines? Do I like to read news magazines or movie magazines? What do I like to read more, newspapers or news magazines? 21


I like to dance. I like to dance with my friends. I like to dance international dances. I like to dance with my family. I like to dance in California. I like to dance all day, especially in the evening, around 8 o'clock. I don't like to dance alone. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

C

Do I like to dance alone? Do I like to dance alone or with my friends? Do I like to dance salsa? Do I like to dance hip-hop? Do I like to dance salsa or hip-hop? Do I like to dance in the morning? Do I like to dance more in the morning or at night? Where do I like to dance? What do I like to dance?

Complete the travel article with the comparative form of each adjective. Use than when necessary.

W

Hen you travel, think carefully about the clothes you pack. As far as color is concerned, ……Dark….colors are usually…….more piac……for …….cooler….destinations, A blazer can be ….. more…..conven…..than..a Windbreaker or cardigan because you can wear it in….. more conservative….settings such as offices ……..and ……mores formal….restaurants. For travel to ….hotter….areas of the world, …..lightver….. clothes are…..more confortable than …….ones

D: Rewrite each sentence. Change the direct and indirect and indirect object nouns and noun phrases to object pronouns.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Please show the loafers to my husband. ……. Please show them te him……. They sent the jeans to their grandchildren. …….. they sent them to them… How is she paying Robert for the clothes?........How is she paying him for them clothes When are we buying the gift for Marie?........... whenare we buying it for her man.

22


Ask for a recommendation Grammar: Superlatives adjectives Use superlative adjectives to compare more than two people, places, things, or ideas.

Irregular forms Good---better (than) ----the best Bad-----Worse (than) ----the worst

Which projector is the cheapest of these three? Which brands are the most popular in your store? Adjective Comparative

Superlative

Adjective

Cheap Nice Easy Big

The cheapest The nicest The easy The Biggest

Cheap Nice Easy Big

Cheaper (than) Nicer (than) Easer (than) Bigger (than)

23


Convesation Model A

Read and listen to someone

asking for a recommendation.

A: I’m looking for a digital camera. Which is the least expensive? B: The B100. But it’s not the best. How much can you spend? A: No more than 250. B: Well, we have somegood ones in your price range. A: Great! Can I have a look?

B

Rhythm and intonation. Listen again. Then practice the conversation Model with a partner.

Now you can: Ask for a recommendation.

A Pair work Change the conversation Model use the Ads, or real ads, to ask for a recommendation. Use superlative adjectives. Then change roles.

Ideas: Nice Popular Light Practical Easy to use

A: I’m looking for ………………….. Which is the……………….? B: The…………….. But it’s not the……………. How much can You spend? A: No more than……………………………………………………………… B: Well, …………………………………………………………………………… A:……………………………………………………………………………………? Don’t stop! Continue the conversation I’m also looking for (an MP3 player) Tell me about (the Prego 5) Do you accept credit cards? Is there an ATM nearby ? I think I’ll take the (X23) Could you gift wrap it for me?

B Change partners Ask about Other electronic products

B Extension Bring in newspaper ads for electronic and other.Products. Use both comparative and superlative andjetives to discuss them

24


GOAL Bargain for a lower price. Convesation Model A

Read and listen to someone

Bargaining for a lower price.

A: How much do you want for that rug? B: This one? A: No. one’s not big enough the other one. B: 300. A: That’s a lot more than I want to spend. I can give you 200. B: How about 225? A: Ok. That sounds fair.

B

Rhythm and intonation. Listen again. And repeat Then practice the conversation Model with a partner.

Grammar: Too and enough When something is not satisfactory: Those rugs are too small OR Those rugs aren’t big enough. That camera is too heavy. OR That camera isn’t light enough. When something is satisfactory:

This MP3 player is small enough. I’ll take it.

Grammar Booster: Usage: too really and very.

Be careful!:

Don’t say: This MP3 player is enough small.

Grammar practice: read the conversation between customers and salespeople. Then complete each conversation. Use too or enough and an adjective from the list.

1 A: Are you sure this microware is …………………………………………..? I’m a pretty busy guy. B: Absolutely. The X11 is our fastest model. 2 A: These shoes aren’t …………………………………….They’re very uncomfortable. B: I’m so sorry. Let me get you a bigger size. 3 A: My photocopier iis………………………………………It’s driving me crazy! B: Then let me show you a model tha’s quieter. 4 A: I bought these portable speaks last week, but they really aren’t. ……………………………………………………….for travel. B: Don’t worry. You can exchange them for another pair that’s not so heavy. 5 A: How about this MP3 player? It’s pretty small. B: That’s definitely…………………………………………..I’ll take it. 6 A: This jacket is real bargain, sir. It’s only $ 692. B: $692? That’s …………………………………………………………..I don’t want to spend that much.

25


PRONUNCIATION: Rising intonation for clarification. A

Listen to how rising intonation is used to ask for clarification. Then listen again and repeat.

1 A: Could I have a look at those bowls? B: These small ones? A: No, the big ones.

B: Pair work Place some objects on your desk. Ask to have a look, and practice using rising Intonation to ask for clarification.

VOCABULARY How to bargain. A:

Read and lsten. Then listen again and repeat.

Seller’s language

Buyer’s language • • • • • •

B:

• • • • • •

How much do you want that (shawl)? That’s more than I want to spend. I can give you (twenty ) for it. Would you take (thirty)? All I have is (forty) It’s a deal.

How much do you want spend? I could go as low as (seventy). I can’t go lower than (sixty)? You can have it fo (fifty) How about (forty-five)? It’s a deal.

Listening comprehension: Listen to people bargaining. Complete each statement with the amount they agreed on and the item bought.

1 The buyer pays …………….for the……………. 2 The buyer pays …………….for the…………….

3 The buyer pays……………….for the………………..

4 The buyer pays………………..for the…………………

Now you can: Bargain for a lower prince.

A: Role Play Imagine that you are in a place where bargaining Is common. One of you is the buyer, and the other is the seller. Use the vocabulary and Start like this: A: How much do you want for………………..?

B: Change partners Bargain for one of one Of the other items.

Don’t stop: Ask about zise, color, etc. Use too and enough. Use superlatives.

26


GOAL Discuss showing appreciation for service. Before you read.

Warm-up In your opinion, why is it important to understand the customs of other countries? READING

When Should I tip?

It’s the question every traveler asks.

In some countries around the world, tipping isn’t customary. But there are at least 180 countries where travelers need to know the rules. In some places, like China, where tipping was not the custom In the past, that’s changing. In most other countries, tipping is customary- but the rules can be quite complicated.

Restaurants. In the U.S, restaurant servers expect a tip of 15 to 20% of the chek-depending on how satisfied you are with the service. In most other countries, however, it’s about 10% In the U.S., you leave your tip on the table. But in Austria and Germany, it’s considered rude if you don’t hand the tip directly to the server.

Restaurants add a service to the bill, but an additional 5 to 10 % tip is still expected!

Taxis In the U.S, and Canada, you always tip taxi drivers 15% of the taxi. However, in South America and many European countries, you don’t usually tip them. Instead, you can around off the fare and say ¨Keep the change¨. Hostels

What about the porter who carries your luggage? In Australia, you tip about AUS $3 (US $2) per bag. But in most countries, a tip of about US $1 will be fine. You can also leave about US1 to $2 a day for the maid who cleans your hotel room. So what should travelers do? Chek the internet for information on tipping customs before you leave. As the famous saying goes, ¨When in Rome, do as the Romans do ¨But remember: You never have to tip if the service is terrible.

FOR YOUR INFORMATION In Europe, restaurants almost always add a service change to the to the so you don’t Never tip in these countries: need to leave a separate tip. ButTHE in theLAST U.S a OF Japan Singapore THE MOHICANS service change is only added for groups of Korea Thailand Malaysia United Arab Emirates six or more people. So it’s a good idea to HELPING THE ENGLISH New Zealand Vietnam look carefully at your chek!. And if that’s not complicated enough, think about this: In some countries, like Italy and Venezuela,

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8 Compara the items in the picture. Write sentences with comparative adjectives. Use words from the box or your own words. spicy old big 1.

salty cheap small

expensive portable fast healthy confortable good

young large convenient

Chilli pepers Rice Chili peppers are spiciers than rice

2. A desktop A laptop A laptop is more expensive a desktope 3. A hair dryer A photocopier A hair dryer is more small than a photocopier

4. Runing shoes Pumps A running shoes is more comfortable than pumps

5. Your grandparents Your children Gran parents are hotter your children

6. A salad French fries The salad is healthier them French fries

7. A microwave An oven A microwave is less expensive them an oven 28


9. chosee the corret response. Cirle the letter. 1. “do you have this in a medium” a. Thanks

b. Here you go.

C. yes, please.

b. That`s not too bad

c. these arer a larger

b. No, thanks.

c. Of course

2. “How much are these pajamas. a. The dreams brand ones

3. “Can I thy it on? a. Yes, we do.

4. “Thanks you for wrapping them for me.” a. They`re $75.

b. My pleasure

c. Yes, please.

11. Complete the sentences. Use your own ideas y the cues in the parentheses.

1. Sears

is more expensive than

dispense familiar

2. McDonalds

is better than

Dominos Pizza

3. The Rock

is more popular than

Opera

4. California

is warmer than

5. Swim

is more exciting than

New York

run

12. Look at the store floor plan. Start at the Information desk. Follow the directions. Where are you? White the name of the department on the line. 29


1. That`s on this floor. Walk to the back of the store. It`s on the left side, just past Hosiery. Where are you? I am in the department of lingerie 2. Take to elevator to the second floor. Turn left when you get off. Then turn right at Men`s Outerwear and Men`s Underwear. Where are you? I am in the department of the Men`s shoes 3. Go. Down the escalator the basement and walk to the front and the store. You`ll see it on the right.

Where are you I am in the restaurant of basement

13. Match the description with similar meanings. Write the letter on the line

1. Informal

a. modest

2. Liberal

b. casual

3. Conservative

c. showing too much skin

4. Revealing

d. “anything goes�

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¨I’m looking for a digital camera for my mother. She isn’t good with electronics, so it must be very easy to

2. You________________________________________________________ ¨I’d like to have a look at your least expensive digital camera. I can’t spend more that $150. Do you have anything in my

3 .You_______________________________________________________

6.

Choose the correct response. Circle the letter.

1. ¨This camera isn’t in my price range.¨ a. How much can you spend? b. Would you like to take it? c. Can I have a look? 2. ¨ Why is this smart phone the best? ¨ a. It’s the heaviest. b. It’s the fastest. c. It’s the most difficult to use.

7.

3. ¨I can’t spend some than $200.¨ a. Have a look at our best model. b. How would you like to pay for it? c. Let me show you something in your price range. 4. ¨ Can I have a look? ¨ a. Certainly. b. Really. c. Excuse me.

Complete the conversation. Write the letter on the line. A: Can I help you? B: ____________ A: OK. Which one are you interested in? B:_____________ A: The Muze HD. It’s the most popular.

a. Actually, that’s a little out of my price range. b. Cash, please. c. Yes, please. I’m looking for an MP3 player for my son. d. Is it difficult to use? 31

e. Ok, I’ll take the XTunes. f. I don’t know. What do you recommend?


B: ____________ A: What about the XTunes? It’s pretty good, And it’s more affordable. B: ____________ A: No. And the sound is great. B:____________ A: And how would you like to pay for it? B: ____________

8.

Complete the sentences. Use too or enough and the adjective. 1. I’m not going to dead that book. It’s ____________________________________ 2. Sirena shouldn’t travel alone. She

The true story of Bethany Hamilton:

Bethany (Anna Sophia Robb) was born to surf. Since childhood he developed his natural talent surfing waves. She was a girl who wore a life of your dreams in Costa Kaui and who participated in national competitions with Alana (Lorraine Nicholson), her best friend. But everything changed in the twinkling of an eye. On the morning of Halloween, Bethany was in the water, as almost every day. But a 4.20 meter tiger shark came out of now here willing to kill all their dreams. After the tragedy, which came to the front pages from around the world, Bethany strives to overcome and face the future. With the help of his parents (Dennis Quaid) Tom and Cheri (Helen Hunt), refuses to give up and starts a journey back to the sea 32


Tongue Twisters:

One, two, three, four. Come in please an shut the door. Five, six, seven, eight. It’s time for school you’re late. Nine ten, nine ten. Don’t be late for school again.

I scream, you scream. We all scream for ice scream.

Every exit shows the way. Every elephant likes to play. Every elbow likes to bend. Every rhyme must have an end.

Apples red, and apples fat. Apples this, and apples that. I love cider, annie cries. It’s time for school you’re late. I love apples in my pies.

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THE LAST OF THE MOHICANS HELPING THE ENGLISH

This story takes place among the forests and hills of the Hudson River valley. It is the third year of abloody war between England and France. They fight for America. It is the summer of 1757.

The Colonists and the Indians have to be on one side or the other. Soldiers travel across the wild countryside fighting for the forts beside a string of lakes. These lakes are like a road through this land of mountains and warriors. The Indian world is dying.

Chingachgook the Chief and his son, Uncas, the last of the once great Mohican tribe, stand silently in the trees beside Hawkeye, the frontier scout. They watch a small group on the forest path look around in confusion. Hawkeye and his companions walk quietly up to the group. A young major introduces himself, “I am. Duncan Heyward from Fort Edward. I am taking these ladies, Cora and Alice, back to their father, General Munro, at Fort William Henry. The other gentleman is preacher Davit Gamut. We must get there soon, because the French are on their way to attack the fort.” “You do not seem to be in a hurry,” says Hawkeye, after listening to the major s long speech.

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1. Find the names of the following: a) The chief of the Mohicans…….Chingchgook b) The last of the Mohicans……..Uncas c) The frontier scout………………Haw Keye d) The English major………………I’m Duncan e) The English general…………….General Monron f) The preacher…………………….David Gamut g) The general’s daughters………..Cora an alice

2. Answer the questions a) In which country does the story take place?... It takes place in USA. b) When did the war begin?........ Began in 1757 c) Why are England and France at war?..... They want land d) Who are the Indians?........ The are the mohincans

e) Do they have any power?...... Not only serve as gurdo ond warrions f) Why do you think the white emn use them as guides?.... Because not lenow American. g) What is happeing to the Indian world?....... The Indians wold is dying h) What do you think about it?...... Is dying for the watbech England an france.

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“ Our guide, Magua, is lost,” says the major “Indians do not lose their way in the forest, Y our guide, magua, is a Huron. His tribe are on the side of the French!” Chingachgook and Uncas try to capture Magua, but Magua is too quick for them, and slips away into the trees. “Let him go,” says Hawkeye, “We will not find him now. Well, ladies and gentlemen, we can take you to Fort William Henry, but it is a long journey and it is almost evening. If you can move quietly, and will dieep it a secret, I will take you to a safe place for the night.”

FIGHTING THE HURONS Hawkeye leads them to the river, where a canoe is hidden. They tie up the horses for the night, and take the canoe up the river until they come to a small island beside a waterfall. Behind this waterfall is a secret cave. When they are in the safety of the cave, a meal is prepared. Uncas serves the girls. The dark haired Cora is given even more care than her equally pretty hunter and warrior to serve food to women! Affer the meal, David Gamuy plays his fluteand the girls sing softly . Later on, Hawkeye and the Mohicans keep watch while their companions sleep. In the middle of the night they hear frightening sounds-the screaming of their horses in the distance, 3. Complete the sentences with the correct preposition. a) The major is taking Cora and Alice……Back to…..their father… General monrouk Fort William Henry. b) The Hurons are fighting …… on the si deof the French. c) Magua escapes……….of……….Chingachgook and Uncas. d) Hawkeye takes the group………… goto……. a cave……the night.. e) The cave is hidden ……….bebing of……..a waterfall. f) The Indians do not go ……… sleep bed 36


4. Choose the appropriate adeverbs for the following sentences. Choose from: courteously, silently, quickly, melodiously, safely, loudly.

a) Magua runs away ……..quickly b) The English follow Hawkeye …………….silently c) Uncas treats the girls………….cour tausly d) Duncan plays his flute……….Melodiusly e) The English sleep……………. Safely f) The horses scream………loudly

Conclusión: This little book has been a nice experience which somehow helps us to be able to ejercitarnos in writing of the English language besides sakes our grammar although this book is not a great work but us habre the possibility of later we can feed the talent of writing and so we can write many books in English until a next opportunity.

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My first edition