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awmifBuD;a&mufaomf . . .

awmifBuD;rSmwnf;ckdp&m

awmifBuD;a&mufaomf ta&SUawmifay:udk wufjzpf atmifwufvdkU a'ocHawGu nTef;Muygw,f/ aEG&moD tyef;ajz awmifpcef;omNrdKUvdkUawmif ac:MuwJhyifv,f a&rsufESmjyiftxuf 4712 ayjrifhwJh awmifBuD;NrdKUudk a&muf&if wpfqufwnf;rSm ,ckESpfrsm;ü c&D;oGm; trsm;tjym; oGm;a&mufaeMuwJh xrfhqef;vIdif*l? [kdykef; udk&ifav; ausmif;? arGawmfuuúL bk&m;ausmif;odkY oGm; a&mufoihfygw,f/ awmifBuD;uae [kdykef; udk&ifav; ausmif;okdY rkdif 20 arGawmfuuúLukd 26 rkdif yJ a0;ygw,f/ awmifBuD;uae uavmukd 44 rkdif? [J[kd;ukd 22 rkdifa0;ygw,f/ awmifBuD;u &Snfarsmarsm{&d,meJU NrdKUyg/ tvsm; 4rkdifeD;yg; &SnfNyD;awmh teHuawmh (tus,fqHk;ae&maomfrS) 6zmvHkcefY om&dSygw,f/ ta&SUawmifay:wGif aq;buf0iftyif? tO? tacguf? toD;? tyGihfwdkU ra&rwGufEkdifatmifrsm;jym; ygw,f/ a&Sha[mif;apwDrsm; wnf&dSjcif; aMumihfvnf; bk&m;awmifvdkYac:Muygao;w,f/ thJ'Dta&SUawmifwef; rSm&dSwJh bk&m;awGzl;r,f? opömjyKr,f? qkawmif;r,fqkd&if NrdKUawmifbufpGef; [dkyHk;txGuf*dwfteD;u awmifwuf um;vrf;u pwif &ygr,fvdkY qkdMuygw,f/ jrpdrf;awmif bk&m; ta&mufrSm ]]t&dk;awmfuGif;quf "gwfawmfxl;}} ukdvnf;&Sm;&Sm; yg;yg;zl;awGYEkdifygw,f ... vdkY vdrf;nTef vdkuf&ygw,f

De mo

(V

isi th ttp

er. co

erg

litm

fsp

://w ww .pd

awmifBuD; rD;yHk;ysHyGJukd oGm;&if wnf;cdk;zdkU ae&mudk BudKBudKwifeJU apmpD;pGm pDpOfxm;&rSmyg/ &ufeD;&ifwnf;cdk;cef;? [kdw,f? rdkw,f? tif;awG jynfhukef ygw,f/ bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;awGrSmudkyJ 'um? 'umr awGeJU jynhfvSsHaewwfygw,f/ rdkw,ftcef;&zdkY wpfvcJGavmufuwnf;uyif Booking ,l&w,f vkdYod&ygw,f/yJGawmf&ufrSmqkd&if omrmef&ufawGxuf tcef;cawG vnf; oHk;qavmufjrifh oGm;wwfygao;w,f/ (awmifBuD;wpfNrdKUvHk;rSmwnf;cdkEkdif wJh [kdw,f? rkdw,f? tif;? wnf;ckdcef;awG&JU zkef;eHygwfeJU vdyfpmtao; pdwfudk odcsif&ifawmh Ekd0ifbm v^ 2010 xkwf April Star c&D;oGm; r*¾Zif;rSm tjynhf tpHk az:jy xm;wm awGU&ygw,f/ wnf;ckdp&mtcef;&NyD;&ifawmif BuD;rSm b,fpm;aomufqkdifawGu b,fvkd? b,fae&mrSm &dSw,fqkdwJh pm&if;awGyg yg0ifygw,f/ pm&SnfrSm pdk;ojzihf ,ckaz:rjyEkdifwmcGifhvTwfyg/

m)

(awmifBuD;NrdKUay:) ukdwufMu&rSmyg/

-oSsm;xufEdkif


m) er. co erg

litm

armf'dkufuRef;pkwnfae&m fsp

½dkpDa&.

De mo

(V

isi th ttp

://w ww .pd

rMumao;rDupvdkY armf'dkuf uRef;pk ukd oGm;&wm Zdrfusus c&D;oGm;jcif; oauFw vdkY owfrSwfvmMuygw,f/ armf'dkuf[m oEÅm uRef;av;aygif; 1190 &dSwJh uRef;pkjzpfNyD;? tdEd´, ork'´&mrSm yifv,fa&uefi,fudk ywfvnf0kdif;xm;wJh oEÅmuRef; 26 uRef;&dSw,f/ em;csifw,f? aysmfcsifw,f qkd&ifarmf'dkufukd oGm;&r,f/ tjynfjynfqkdif&m [kdw,fpkawGu tyef;ajzae&mawG wnfaqmufxm;Muw,fav/ ukrÜPDi,fawGuvnf; tvSqkdifawG zGihfxm; Muw,f/ wpfuRef;udk wpfOD;pDu odrf;xm;ovkdyJ/ odkYaomfvnf;yJ oD;jcm;armf'dkuftawGUtBuHK wpfckcsif;&dSw,fvdkY qkdvdkYr&bl;/ yifv,f &yfjcm;u vmwJhc&D;oGm;tenf;i,fom armf'dkuf &Jh aejynf awmf “ rvJ” rSmaeMuw,f/ aeYwpf0ufavmuf vrf;avQmufoGm;&if Munfhp&m ukefNyDvdkYajymvdkY&w,f/ pdwf0ifpm;zdkYaumif;wJh ,Ofaus;rItawGUtBuHKawmh&wmayg/ c&D;onf trsm; qHk;uawmh“rvJ”tjynfjynfqkdif&m avqdyf uae olwkdYa&G;cs,fxm;wJhtyef;ajzuRef;toD;oD;udkom oGm;Muw,f/ avqdyfuvnf; uRef; wpfuRef;ay:rSm oD;jcm;wnfaew,f/


w,f/bef*vkdab;rSm paemhu,f (a&atmufMunhfrSef) eJU Munhhfr,f pdwful;vdkufw,f/ a&atmufMurf;jyifucRefjrwJh ausmufpGef;awG&dSvdkY &mbmzdeyfr0wfvkdYr&bl;/urf;uae rDwmwpf&mavmuf a&mufwmawmif a&u cg;0uf avmufyJ eufao;w,f/ tJ'Dem;a&mufawmh ywfywf vnfrSma&mifpHkig;awG? yifv,fyifi,fawG? oEÅmawG aygrS aygaygh/ awmfawmfav; MumawmhrS qmvmwmeJUtcef;jyef t0wfvJNyD;? tdEd´,pm;aomufqkdif ]]bm&mtbm½k}} rSm oGm;pm;w,f/ 'Dqkdifu trdk;zGihfpm;aomufqkdifukd ]a*Zbkd} yHk t BuD;BuD; wnfaqmufxm;wmrkdY avw[l;[l; t&om cHpm;&w,f/ pm;aomufcef;tv,f wnfhwnfhrSm xGif; xm;wJh opfom;wkdifBuD; pkdufxm;awmh? wkdifwpfvHk; tdrfxJa&mufaeovdk cHpm;w,f/ 'gu vnf; xl;jcm;wJh t&omwpfrsdK;aygh/ cyfvSrf;vSrf;rSm pm;aomufcef; wpfcef;wnf;vkyfxm;wJh ]a*Zbkd}ukd a&xJrSmaqmuf xm; vdkU wHwm;uae ul;oGm;&w,f/ udk,fhukd,fukd okcbHk wpfbHk a&mufaeovkd cHpm;&w,f/ aemufwpfaeY? t aemufbufrSm½SdwJh ]]bmt}} uRef;av;rSm½dSwJh ]]vef'gt*D&m tAm½k}}ukd ukd,foGm;vdkufw,f ½dkpD . . .

er. co

armf'dkufu tyef;ajzae&mawGu a,bk,stm; jzifh rdom;pktvkduftyef;ajzpcef;eJU ZdrfcHzdkYae&m&,fvdkY cJG jcm;xm;w,f/ wcsdKUvkyfief;&SifawGu rdrdEdkifiHtvkdufpHpm; Ekdifatmif zefwD;xm;wJh tyef;ajzae&mawGvnf; &dSw,f/ qkdygawmhtDwvDuvmw,fqkd&if? ywfpwm (Pasta) ukd omt"duxm;auR;NyD;? rdrdtcef;rSm vAZÆÆm (Lavazza) aumfzDpufuav;awG xm;ay;w,f/ tDwmvsHom; awG tBudKufvkyfay;xm;wmaygh/ av;&moD tyef;ajzpcef;ESpfckjzpfwJh “uk'[l&mt” eJU “vef'gt*sD&mtAm&m” wdkYqkd&if avqdyfuae pydbkwfeJU em&D0ufpD;oGm;&if a&mufw,f/ pdrf;pdrf;pkdpkd tHkUtHkUqkdif;qkdif; &dSNyD;? yifv,f aysmf owå0gawGjynfhESufaewmawGU&r,f/

m)

tyef;ajzae&m

De mo

(V

isi th ttp

fsp

://w ww .pd

]]uk'[l&mt}}rSm Mum;pcef; [kdw,fomjzpfw,f/ 'gayr,fh? olYtqifhtwef;u Mu,fig;yGihftqifh&dSNyD;? w csdKUu uspfuspfvspfvspf aqmuf xm;wmeJU 0ef;usiftae txm;ukdBudKufMuw,f/ {nfhonfawGtaeeJU olwkdYwnf; ckdae&muae vrf;avQmufNyD;? uRef;tqHkrSm&dSwJh pm;aomuf qkdif? bm;cef;? 'grSr[kwf wjcm;vIyf&Sm;vkdwJhae&m pdwf BudKufoGm;vkdY&w,f/ yxr ukdarmiftJ'Dae&moGm;rvdkY? qlql nHnH aewwfwJh tzJGUwpfzJGU a&muf aewmeJU ukd,fh&JU a&bef*vkdav;rSmyJ at;at;vlvl aevdkufw,f ½dkpD/ a&bef*vkd av;ukd a&ay:rSmaqmufxm;NyD;? atmuf ajcrSm rD;a&mifawG&atmif zefwD;xm;w,f/ nOfhrSmxGef;xm; wmrdkY? a&owÅ0gawGukd rD;a&mifu qJGaqmifw,f? ]rEÅ} ig;vdyfausmufeJU a0vig;ref; rsdK;awGawmif vmwm jrif&w,f/ olwkdYukd Munhfae&if; oef;acgif;ausmf oGm; w,f/ nOfhuaemufustdyfvkdY? wpfa&; eJUrdk;vif;vm

litm

erg

okcbHkodkYem&D0ufc&D;


a&arsm [dkw,f ac:wJh yifv,f,mOf pD;zkdUaygh/

tm,kaA'cef; tyef;ajzpcef;qkdwm ]]pyg}} &dSrSjynfhpHkw,fqkdwm ½dkpDvnf;todyJ/ 'DrSm oufu,ftrdk; atmuf rSm? a&tay:rSm? 'grSr[kwf pdrf;pkdjrifuGif; tv,frSm tjyKtpkcHEdkifw,f/ a'oyHkpH pHpm;csifw,f qkd&ifawmh? tm,kaA'cef;rSm aq;yifpdrf a&csdK; rvm;? &THUvdrf;usHtjyKtpkcHrvm;? &w,f/ a'ovkyf ] 'dk&Sm} (jrefrmac: ]]wkda&S}}) vnf;auR;w,f/ tjyKtpkcH NyD;&if a,m*usihfav;wpfck ay;usihfw,f/

De mo

(V

isi th ttp

er. co erg litm fsp

://w ww .pd

yifv,f,mOfudk pD;NyD; uRef;awGavQmuf Munhf& wmvnf; tawGUtBuHKwpfckyJ/ wpfcgwifc&D;onf 22a,mufeJU oHk;&ufuae ckESpf&uftxd uRef;ywfvnfukd wpfywfvSnhfMunhf&if? tar&duef a':vm 470 usw,f/ ausmufoHywÅjrm;vdk wvuf vufjzpfaewJh a&jyif&,f? oEÅmausmufwef;awG&,f Munfh&wm wefwmaygh/ ]]"g&m Aef"dktm;}} ½Gmav;rSm cPem;NyD;? ½GmxJavQmufvnfvdkU& w,f/ yifv,f,mOf&JU aea&mifcHukef;ywfay:xkdifNyD;? pm; &if; aomuf&if; ywf0ef;usifukd Munhf&wmvnf; MunfEl; p&mygyJ ½dkpD . . . 'Dpm;yJGrSm? tuifaumif;aumif; pm;vdkY& w,f/ txl;ojzifh armf'dkufykZGefwkyfBuD;uifu emrnfBuD;aygh/ 'DykZGefwkyfBuD;rsdK;u 'DrSmyJ&w,f/

m)

a0;vnf;a0;? aysmfvnf;aysmf


avqdyf ]rvJ} avqdyfudk avaMumif; awmfawmfrsm;rsm; a&mufw,f/ awmifydkif;rSm&dSwJh ]t'´L} oEÅmuRef;&Jh ]*ef} avqdyf (www.ganairport.aero/) u wpfywf udk tBudrfrsm;pGm uRef;awGukdykdUay;w,f/ NAdwdoQav aMumif;? pifumylavaMumif;? rav;&Sm; avaMumif; eJU t,frD&dwf avaMumif;wdkUu ta&muftayguf trsm; qHk;yJ/

er. co erg litm fsp

aiGaMu;

://w ww .pd

NrdKUukdjyefwJhtcg? wpfa':vmay;&wJhvGef;ysH ,mOfeJU 10rdepfMum pD;&w,f/ NrdKUwGif; vrf;usOf; usOf; avQmuf&wmvnf;tawGUtBuHK wpfrsdK;&w,f/ ]rvJ} NrdKUu vlOD;a& xlxyfw,f/ yx0Dtaetxm;t&? ajrBuD; usOf;wmukd;/ or®w½Hk;awmf tem;rSm&dSwJh AvD uae qkawmif;oHawG toHcsJUpufeJU us,fus,f avmifavmif zGifhwmawmhMum;&r,f/ rGwfqvifaw;oGm;tcsdKUvnf; vTifhw,f/ NrdKUBuD;wpfcsdKU awmusus toHcsJUpufzGihfwwf wmrsdK; 'DrSmvnf;awGU&w,f ½dkpD/

m)

NrdKUtjyef

isi th ttp

armf'dkufvm&if

De mo

(V

armf'dkufuRef;&JU *sD'DyD 20&mckdifEIef;uc&D;oGm; vkyfief;u&vkdY? EkdifiHtaeeJU c&D;onfawG oufomEkdif orQ oufomatmif pDpOfay;xm;w,f/ c&D;oGm; taxmuftxm;yg&if? &uf 30 tcGeftc raqmif&yJ aexkdifcGihfADZmay;w,f/ tjyef av,mOf vufrSwfeJU tyef;ajzpcef;wpfckckrSm wnf;zdkUtwnfjyK csufvnf;&,l xm;&r,f/ rGwfqvif EkdifiH jzpfvkdU t&ufeJU0ufom; wifrvm&bl;/ [kdw,frSm vJ&Ekdifw,fav/

a'ooHk;aiGaMu;u ½lzD,m;jzpfNyD;? tar&duef a':vmukd ae&mwkdif;oHk;vkdU&w,f/ wpfa':vm u 12.8 ½lzD,meJU nDrQw,f/ tdEd´,jynfrukd qufc&D;xGuf&rSmrdkU'DrSmem;vdkuf r,faemf . . . - Apfwmarmifarmif


co m) er. erg ttp ://w ww .pd fsp litm

,ckv April Star r*¾Zif; pmzwfolrsm; th

De mo

(V isi

twGuf onfvrSmawmh tvG,ful csufjyKwfEkdifNyD;tvkyf½Iyf vnf;oufomtcsdefukefp&mvnf;odyfrvdktyfwJh uifcsDPan Cake jyKvkyf enf;ukd wifjyay;vdkufygw,f/ tu,fvdkU udk,fwdkifcsufjyKwfzdkY tqifrajyvS&ifawmh &efukefNrdKU&JUem rnfBuD; ukd&D;,m;pm;aomufqdkifrsm;rSm rSm,lpm;aomufEdkif ygw,f/

yg0ifaomt&mrsm; (1)pif;jyD;om; Muufom;

- tenf;i,f

(2)ykZGeftaumifao;(tcHGETmNyD;om;) - tenf;i,f (3)jynfBuD;ig;(tuGif;vdkufvSD;NyD;om;)-tenf;i,f (4)uifcsD (vSD;NyD;om;)

-tenf;i,f

(5)MuufoGefNrdwf

- tenf;i,f

(6)bJO

- 5 vHk;

(7)qD

- tenf;i,f

(8)Knorr Muufom;rIefU

- tenf;i,f

(9)qm;

- tenf;i,f

(10)[if;cwfrIefY (11)i½kyfaumif;rIefY

- tenf;i,f - tenf;i,f


De mo

erg

ttp ://w ww .pd fsp litm

th

(V isi

co m)

er.


co m) er.

ttp ://w ww .pd fsp litm

erg

avmufu a&mufcJhNyD;aemufxyfra&mufcJh awmhygbl;/ {NyDvv,f paewpfaeYrSm uRef reJY oli,f csif;pkHwGJwkdY Palm Springs (aqmif;yg;a&;cJhNyD;) bufoGm;Mu r,fvkdY qkH;jzwfNyD;tdrfu xGufcJh wm rkdYcifyGef;onf u vkdufrvm cJhygbl;/ Palm Springs oGm;&r,fh vrf;cGa&mufawmh? nmzuf cskdK;&r,fhtpm; tkdif'g0kdif(vf) NrdKUokdYqkdwJh qkdif;bkwfu b,fzufcsdK;zkdY jrm;jyxm;wm awGYawmh uRefrwkdYokH; a,mufom; tkdif'g0kdif(vf)buf ukd c&D;qufcJh wmrkdYrarSsmfvifh wJh c&D;wpfck jzpfcJhw,f qkdygawmh/

uRefr

(V isi

th

aexkdifaewJhu,fvDzkd;eD;,m; jynfe,f awmifykdif; qef'Da,;*kd; (San Diego) NrKdU [m taemufbuf? ypdzdwfyifv,fatmf rSm ar;wifaeovkd ta&SYbufrSmawmh awmifawG?awmifuEÅm&awG? oJuEÅm& awGeJY0ef;&HaewmrkdY awmifay:a'oudk urf;ajc aomifjyif xuf ykdESpfoufwJhuRefreJY csif;trsdK;orD;oli,fcsif;wkdY uawmh &kH;ydwf&ufa&mufcgeD;a&muf&if b,fawmifay: NrdKUukdoGm;&if aumif;rvJqkdNyD; wdkifyif avh&Sdygw,f/

De mo

tkdif'g0kdif(vf) (Idyllwild) NrdKUav; uawmh qJef*sqif;wkd; (San Jacinto) awmifwef;em;rSm&Sdwm yg/ Mice-High Idyllwild vkdYac:avh&Sdwmuawmh a& rsufESmjyif&JU ig;axmifhokH;&mausmfrSm NrdKUu wnf&SdcJhwm ukd;? NrdKUav;rSm vlawG okH;axmifh&Spf&mausmfyJ &Sdygw,f? NrdKUab;rSm ausmufawmifMuD;ESpfcku ausmufawmifwuf wJh olawGtwGuf pdefac:aeavh &Sdygw,f/ ausmuf awmifwpfckukd ]Mumyef;ausmuf} vkdYac:NyD; aemufausmuf awmifwpfckukdawmh ]ukd,fhukd,fukd owfaowJhausmuf} vkdY emrnf ay;xm;cJhwmyg/ awmifykdif; u,fvDzkd;eD;,m;rSm u aqmif;wGif;rSm ESif;rusygbl;? rkd;avmufyJ &Gmwmyg/ 'gayr,fh tkdif'g0kdif(vf)NrdKYav;eJY tjcm;awmifay:awGrSm awmh ESif;usavh&Sdw,fav? aqmif;wGif; ESif;uswJh tkdif'g 0kdif(vf)NrdKYuaeta&SUzuf awmifatmuf qif;vkdufwmeJY oJuEÅm& udka&mufoGm;cJhygw,f/

tkdif'g0kdif(vf)NrdKUukd uRefr vGefcJhwJh tESpf ESpfq,f

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vlrsdK;awGu aumif;&mrGef&ma&mufzkdY &GwfzwfcJhcsdefrSm acgif;aqmif&JUcE´´mukd,furD;avmifNyD;Tah Quitz ausmuf awmifMuD; jzpfoGm;cJhwmwJh/

De mo

(V isi

th

co m)

er.

erg

ttp ://w ww .pd fsp litm

ausmufawmifatmufrSm cavmufajrG (Rattle Snake tvGeftqdyfjyif;)? ausmufawmifay:rSmvif;wMuD;awGyJ aecJhwmyg/ ajrivsifvIyf&ifawmif Cahuilla vlrsdK;awG u Tah Quitz &JUraumif;qdk;0g;vIyf&Sm;rIvkdY,kHMunfcJhwm wJh/ ,cktcsdefrSm tJ'Dausmufawmifukd Mumyef;ausmuf vkdYtrnfwGifaecJhygNyD/ tkdif'g0kdif(vf)awmifay: twufvrf;rSmxif;&I;yif awmMuD;awGu rsufpdwqkH;yg/ Pine Cove vkdY trnfwGif avmufatmif ukdrsm;vSyg&JU/ NrdKUav;ay:twuf awmifMum; rSm pawmfb,f&Dt &kdif;yifawGzkH;vTrf; cJhwmrkdYpawmfb,f&D awmifMum; vkdYtrnfwGifcJh&kHru? ab;zufrSm pD;qif;aewJh acsmif;ukdvnf; pawmfb,f&Dacsmif;vkdY trnfawGwGif cJhNyD;a&S;tcgu EGm;ausmif;wJholawG? okd;ausmif;wJholawG vma&muf&wJhae&m wpfckaygh/ 1880 ckESpfrsm;rSm ]'dkrDeD*kdeD} rdom;pku vma&mifaexkdifcJhNyD;? 1889 ckESpfrSm 'wf(csf)rsdK;EG,f0if ][mem} rdom;pku aEG&moDem;aepcef;

tjzpf vma&mufaexkdifcJhwmav? 1890 ckESpfrsm;rSm vrf;aygufcJhwmrdkY opfpufawG wnfaqmufjcif;? vltrsm; tajccsaexkdifjcif;eJY wkd;&pf awGvnf; vma&mufwJhae&m jzpfvmcJhygw,f/ 1893 ckESpfrSmawmh pmwkduf&kH; zGifhvm EkdifcJh NyD;? NrKdYukd ][mem} rdom;pku Rayneta vkdYay;cJhowJh/ awmif ay:NrdKYav;&JUordkif;0if 0w¦K wpfyk'fvkd pdwf0ifpm;zkdY aumif; wmrdkY uRefru pmzwfol awGtwGuf a0rQae&wmyg/1901 ckESpfrSm wDbDa&m*gtxl;ukaq;cef;ukd zGifhcJh ygw,f/ aemufykdif;awmh &Daqmh (Resort) tjzpfajymif;vJcJh&kHru NrdKU ukdvnf; tkdif'g0kdif(vf)vkdY w&m;0iftrnfay;cJhwmyg/ armfawmfum; wDxGifvmNyD;wJh acwfrSmawmh tkdif'g0kdif(vf)ukd pae?we*FaEGaeYawGrSm vma&muf tyef; ajz&m ae&mtjzpf qGJaqmifEkdifcJhygw,f/awmifjrifhawG 0ef;&HaewJh t,fvfykdif; (Alpine)&Gmav; tjzpf &yfwnfcJh NyD;? [kdw,fawGvnf;aqmufcJhMuwmyg/ 'gayr,fh[kdw,f eJY tjcm; vkyfief;trnfawGu *smreftrnf(okdY) *smref toHeJY qifwl,kd;rSm; trnf awG ay;cJhygw,f/ 'kwd, urÇÇmppf jzpfNyD;csdefrSmawmh tJ'DtrnfawGvnf; aysmuf uG,fcJhowJh/


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ttp ://w ww .pd fsp litm

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ttp ://w ww .pd fsp litm

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