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National Institute of Science and Technology Metropolis Studies Center (INCT-CEM) Management committee Nadya Araujo Guimarães (Coordenadora) Eduardo Marques (Vice-coordenador) Main researchers Adrian Gurza Lavalle, Alvaro Augusto Comin, Antonio Sérgio Alfredo Guimarães , Argelina Figueiredo, Celi Scalon , Charles Kirschbaum, Eduardo Marques, Elisa Reis, Fernando Limongi, Gabriel Feltran, Henri Gervaiseau, Márcia Lima, Marta Arretche, Nadya Araujo Guimarães, Paula Montero, Ronaldo Almeida, Sandra Gomes, Vera Schattan Coelho Main research topics CEM/INCT’s main analytical challenge is to understand the most important mechanisms that explain social conditions in the city. Our research is mainly focused on social inequality. In keeping with the assumption that economic processes are an important element in the reproduction of inequality, which must be understood as mediated and associated to political and social processes, we decided to focus directly on the mechanisms of reproduction of inequality concerning the labor market, the State, public policies and sociability. Our point of departure is the assumption that social conditions in general and poverty in particular are shaped by different societal and political processes, including economic dynamics. Analytically, we have organized this study along three lines: (i) market, jobs and opportunities, (ii) Living conditions, the State and public policies, and (iii) sociability and urban life. Our assumption is that jobs, social services, and sociability are the main devices people can mobilize in order to overcome or alleviate their situation of poverty. Summary of achievements and perspectives Research results have strengthened our assumption that poverty – understood as an outcome of either insufficient or inadequate access to jobs and social services - is shaped by social conditions and political processes, including economic dynamics. Jobs, state policies, and sociability are the main devices people can mobilize in order to overcome or alleviate poverty. Relational and spatial structures matter as well, since they mediate the access of individuals to jobs and policies. Hence, we continue to share a concept of poverty that goes beyond definitions based upon income. Different dimensions of deprivation (i.e. ineffective access to jobs or social services, as well as fragile social ties) can also affect people’s well-being. The combination of these three dimensions provides a more accurate and comprehensive understanding of social conditions in cities. We are increasingly convinced that an enlarged conceptualization of poverty tends to be multivariate in its composition and fuzzy in its boundaries. Hence, our main challenge remains reaching a better understanding of the dynamics of each of these critical dimensions and building explanatory bridges between them. As we aim at deepening our international recognition, two recent major events are relevant results as well. In 2009, INCT/CEM hosted the Annual

Meeting of the Research Committee 21 – on “Urban and Regional Development” - of the International Sociological Association (ISA). The RC-21 Conference mobilized 216 participants from 17 countries. And, in 2010, the institute promoted the International Seminar on “Metropolis and Inequality”, with discussion of papers presented by most of the CEM’s research team and partners from leading universities from USA and Europe (Princeton, Yale, Brown, Sciences Po, Warwick and Edinburgh). Main publications ALMEIDA, Ronaldo; MAFRA, Clara. Religiões e cidades: Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo. São Paulo: Terceiro Nome, 2009. 248 p. ARRETCHE, Marta. Federalism and place-equality policies: a case study of policy design and outputs. EUI Working Papers, nº. 2, 2009. BARNES, M.; COELHO, Vera S. Social participation in health in Brazil and England. Health Expectations, Londo, Blackwell Publishing, v. 12, pp.226–236, 2009. COMIN, Alvaro; VASCONCELOS-OLIVEIRA, Maria Carolina. Southern cities: locomotives or wagons of national development. Economic Sociology (newsletter), vol. 11, nº 2, mar.2010. GUIMARÃES, Antonio S. A.; COSTA, Lilia C.; ALMEIDA FILHO, Naomar; NEWMAN, Katherine. Inclusion at Brazilian universities: the case of UFBA. Textos para Discussão CEM, nº 8/2010, São Paulo, 2010. GUIMARÃES, Nadya A. À procura de trabalho. Instituições do mercado e redes. Belo Horizonte: Editora Argvmentvn, CEM e Iuperj, 2009. 221 p. (ISBN 978-85-98885-67-4) Contacts Rua Morgado de Mateus, 615, Vila Mariana, São Paulo (SP), Brasil CEP 04015 902 Tel.: 55 (11) 5574-0399, ramais 120 ou 224 Fax: 55 (11) 5574-5928 www.centrodametropole.org.br contato@centrodametropole.org.br

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livroinct2010  

Carlos Alberto Aragão de Carvalho Filho Presidente do CNPq 1

livroinct2010  

Carlos Alberto Aragão de Carvalho Filho Presidente do CNPq 1

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