Page 186

National Institute of Science and Technology of Aquatic Toxicology (INCT-TA) Management committee Adalto Bianchini (Coordenador) Afonso Celso Dias Bainy (Vice-coordenador) Cláudia Bueno dos Reis Martinez Helena Cristina da Silva de Assis Marisa Narciso Fernandes Paulo Sérgio Martins de Carvalho Ademilson Josemar Zamboni Christopher M. Wood Main researchers Adalto Bianchini, Camila de Martinez Gaspar Martins, Duane Barros da Fonseca, Elton Pinto Colares, Gilberto Fillmann, Grasiela Lopes Leães Pinho, Juliana Sandrini, Juliano Zanette, Luis Fernando Fernandes Marins, Luiz Eduardo Maia Nery, Marta Marques de Souza, Pablo Elias Martinez, Patrícia Gomes Costa, Samantha Eslava Gonçalves Martins, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy, Maria Risoleta Freire Marques, Tarquin Stephen Dorrinson, Carolina Arruda de Oliveira Freire, Ciro Alberto de Oliveira Ribeiro, Helena Cristina da Silva de Assis, Marco Antonio Ferreira Randi, Maritana Mela, Marta Margarete Cestari, Viviane Prodocimo, Cláudia Bueno dos Reis Martinez, Juliana Delatim Simonato, Paulo César Meletti, Cleoni dos Santos Carvalho, Marisa Narciso Fernandes, Marise Margareth Sakuragui, José Roberto Botelho de Souza, Paulo Sérgio Martins de Carvalho Main research topics The National Institute of Science and Technology of Aquatic Toxicology (INCT-TA) is focused on the Aquatic Toxicology field. It explores the use of chemical and biological tools, as well as ecotoxicological modeling, aiming the development and application of biomarkers of contamination by chemical substances released in aquatic ecosystems. These contaminants are originated from several sources associated with human activities, such as agriculture, livestock management, aquaculture, fisheries, industries, harbors, and vegetal exploring and mineral mining. Additionally, the INCT-TA is also devoted to the analysis of the different aspects of environmental contamination and health associated with the urban and domestic sewages. Summary of achievements and perspectives Researchers from INCT-TA have developed and standardized protocols for water chemistry and biomarker analyses in freshwater and coastal ecosystems. Based on these protocols, toxicological tests have been performed in the laboratory for the selection of biomarkers of aquatic contamination by metals, pesticides, hydrocarbons and domestic sewage. Results obtained will allow the monitoring and management of aquatic resources. To help decision makers, a toxicological database was generated based on information available in the literature on Brazilian native species. This database can be accessed through the INCT-TA website. Associated with research and development, researchers from INCT-TA are involved in training of high-qualified personnel at different levels (Undergraduate, Graduate, and Post-Doctoral) in the fields of

Environmental Toxicology, Biological Sciences, Earth and Exact Sciences, and Agricultural Sciences, with focus on Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Resources Management. Therefore, the INCT-TA aims to qualify a new generation of professionals focused on the study, monitoring and conservation of the aquatic resources in Brazil. Finally, the INCT-TA has promoted actions to make decision makers aware of the potential impact of pollutants for the conservation of these aquatic resources. Also, it has developed activities aimed at science diffusion to the general public. Briefly, it is expected that all actions undertaken in the scope of the INCTTA will promote a remarkable scientific and technological advancement for Brazil in the field of Aquatic Toxicology. Main publications Mariano, W.S.; Yoshioka, E.T.O.; Silva de Assis, H.C. 2009. Biomarcadores de Estresse Oxidativo em Peixes. In: Arlindo, S.N.; Wagner dos Santos Mariano, Silvia Fátima P. Soria (Org.). Tópicos Especiais em Saúde e Criação Animal. São Carlos: Pedro & João Editores, p. 81-106. Souza, J.R.B.; Carvalho, P.S.M. 2009. Bioindicadores e Biomarcadores no Sistema Bêntico. In: S.N. Leitão (Ed.). Monitoramento Ambiental Marinho. Recife: Editora da UFPE. Zanette, J.; Jenny, M.J.; Goldstone, J.V.; Woodin, B.R.; Watka, L.A.; Bainy, A.C.D.; Stegeman, J.J. 2009. New cytochrome P450 1B1, 1C2 and 1D1 genes in the killifish Fundulus heteroclitus: Basal expression and response of five killifish CYP1s to the AHR agonist PCB126. Aquatic Toxicology 93: 234-243. Camargo, M.M.P., Fernandes, M.N., Martinez, C.B.R. 2009. How aluminium exposure promotes osmoregulatory disturbances in the neotropical freshwater fish Prochilus lineatus. Aquatic Toxicology 94: 40-46. Modesto, K.A., Martinez, C.B.R. 2010. Roundup® causes oxidative stress in liver and inhibits acetylcholinesterase in muscle and brain of the fish Prochilodus lineatus. Chemosphere. 78: 294-299. Silva, C.A; Ribeiro, C.A.O.; Katsumiti, A.; Zandoná, E.; Silva, G.P.C.; Silva de Assis, H.C. 2009. Evaluation of waterborne exposure to oil spill five years after an accident in Southern Brazil. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 272: 400-409. Contacts Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG) Instituto de Ciências Biológicas Av. Itália km 8 – Campus Carreiros 96.201-900 – Rio Grande – RS - Brasil TEL: + 55 53 3233-6853; FAX: + 55 53 3233-6848 E-MAIL: inct.ta@furg.br www.inct-ta.furg.br

185

livroinct2010  

Carlos Alberto Aragão de Carvalho Filho Presidente do CNPq 1

livroinct2010  

Carlos Alberto Aragão de Carvalho Filho Presidente do CNPq 1

Advertisement