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National Institute of Science and Technology of the Hymenoptera Parasitoids from Brazilian Southeast Region (INCT Hympar Sudeste) Management committee Angélica Maria Penteado Martins Dias (Coordenador) Carlos Roberto Ferreira Brandão (Vice-coordenador) Nelson Wanderley Perioto Marcelo de Oliveira Gonzaga Ricardo Ferreira Monteiro Ivan Cruz Vera Lucia Rodrigues Machado Benassi Main researchers Angélica Maria Penteado Martins Dias, Manoel Martins Dias Filho, Carlos Roberto Ferreira Brandão, Valmir Antônio Costa, João Vasconcellos Neto, Nelson Wanderley Perioto, Rogéria Inês Rosa Lara, Maria Luiza Franceschi Nicodemo, Marcelo de Oliveira Gonzaga, Marcus Vinícius Sampaio, Sonia Lúcia Modesto Zampieron, Adalberto José dos Santos, Ivan Cruz, Ricardo Ferreira Monteiro, Margarete de Macedo Monteiro, Vera Lucia Rodrigues Machado Benassi Main research topics • Taxonomic studies on Ichneumonoidea and Chalcidoidea. • Interactions between parasitoid Hymenoptera and spiders. • Parasitoid Hymenoptera and biological control. • Parasitoid Hymenoptera and phytophagous hosts. • Hymenoptera parasitoids as bioindicators in the recovery of degraded areas - ecological corridors and silvopastoral systems. • Hymenoptera parasitoids and environmental education. Summary of achievements and perspectives The INCT Hympar Sudeste gathered an interdisciplinary group of Brazilian researches to study parasitic Hymenoptera. Our primary goals are to identify the species names and to investigate the interactions of these organisms with their environment and other species. During the first year we established 95 sampling points in about 30 cities and conservation units of the southeastern region of Brazil (states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo). In all these localities we are developing monthly samplings since May 2009. Hymenoptera belonging to the families Braconidae, Ichneumonidae and families of Chalcidoidea are being already identified. Among the genera already determined, there are four genera without previous registers for the country. A total of 11,215 specimens were placed in entomological pins and preserved in adequate conditions. About 200 samples are still in process of sorting. Inventories of parasitoid Hymenoptera are in current development in coffee plantations in Minas Gerais and São Paulo. Inventories of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae) and their hosts, with special attention to the relation involving plants / aphids / parasitoids, are occurring in several Brazilian locations: aphids were collected alive and in mummified conditions from several distinct host plants. From these samples, we obtained several parasitoids. In addition, Lepidoptera larvae have been collected and kept in laboratory conditions to obtain their Diptera and Hymenoptera parasitoids. Several behavioral studies,

especially about interactions between spiders and parasitoid Hymenoptera were also developed. We are also studying the biology and ecology of parasitoids of Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) in order to identify tritrophic interactions involving beetles, their host plants and parasitoids. We have been offering courses to undergraduate and postgraduate students, lectures in schools and courses to rural producers. In medium term, the maintenance of financial policies to biodiversity studies will allow us to propose strategies of sustainable socio-economic development based on the information obtained from taxonomic and ecological studies on parasitoid Hymenoptera biodiversity. Main publications New species of Aphaereta Foerster, 1862 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae) from Brazil. Dias, A.M.P.M., Arouca, R.G, Gomes, S.A.G., Yamada, M.V. 2009. Zoölogische Mededelingen v.83, p.819 - 823. Altitudinal and seasonal distribution of Campopleginae genera (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) in the Atlantic rain Forest, Campos do Jordão, SP. Onody, H.C., Dias, A.M.P.M. 2009. Brazilian Journal of Ecology, v.9, p.58 - 60. Two new species of Hymenoepimecis (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) with notes on their spider hosts and behaviour manipulation. Sobczak, J. F.; Loffredo, A.P.S.; Penteado-Dias, A.M.; Gonzaga, M. O. 2009. Journal of Natural History 43: 2691-2699. Parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera) associated with fruits of Ilex affinis Gardner (Aquifoliaceae) in Brazil with description of two new Chalcidoidea. Perioto, N.W.; Lara, R.I.R.; Costa, V.A. 2009. Arquivos do Instituto Biológico, 76: 85-90. Contacts Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCar Departamento de Ecologia e Biologia Evolutiva - DEBE Rodovia Washington Luiz, Km 235. 13565-905 / São Carlos - SP E-mail: hymparsudeste@yahoo.com.br http://www.hympar.ufscar.br

Front view of head of Metopius sp. (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae)

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livroinct2010  

Carlos Alberto Aragão de Carvalho Filho Presidente do CNPq 1

livroinct2010  

Carlos Alberto Aragão de Carvalho Filho Presidente do CNPq 1

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