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Journal of International Relations, European, Economic and Social Studies

Thirdly: will the Turkish accession to the EU threaten EU cohesion, socially, economically even institutionally and politically? Will we have a total or partial redistribution of power and structural changes within the EU and therefore an upset of the existing balance of power and a crisis (Charalambides 2010, pp. 55-60)? Will the EU face the risk of a social institutional and political conflict between Muslims and Christians? Can we achieve a compromise between two different systems of values and principles? Can these two systems coexist? This is a very complicated issue and can not be addressed casually. On the contrary, the Europeans can encounter this problem in formulating a policy addressing the question what kind of Europe they want to establish. On the other hand, Turkey should take brave steps in setting up democratic institutions and fully respecting human rights. Otherwise, there will be no way out, and both Europe and Turkey will be trapped in a vicious circle.

6. Conclusions Turkish accession to the EU, balances on a thin rope composed of conflicting and diverging national interests. From a Realistic point of view, such a balance between conflicting and diverging national interests is what we mean “destiny of the system”. This is how the system works. Both sides, the EU as such and its member states on the one hand, and Turkey on the other, ought to find a formula to advance their national interests under the prism of a win – win situation no matter if the resultant outcome of the Turkish accession to the EU entails the status of a “privileged regime”. Since some of the EU leading countries, as Germany and France, face Turkey as a “piranha”, ready to smash EU cohesion and thus putting the European system at stake, and if traditional and other forces in Turkey consider the democratic reforms required by the EU like piranhas and threat for the Turkish political, national and social cohesion, then Turkish accession to the EU cannot come to a successful and positive outcome. Through the analysis of Turkish accession to the EU, we can realize why Turkey is a part of a wider “power game” where not only some of the EU leading states, but the US is also actively involved in. In the frame of such a “power game”, we bear in mind the German question. It is an issue which

Turkey on the European doorstep


Turkey on the European Doorstep  

A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...

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