Turkish Accession to the EU: the “Piranha’s” Threat and the German “Ghost”
it will backfire and strike the efforts towards regional integration. In such a case, the triumph of Realism is obvious, as the EU will institutionally, legally, politically and economically reshape itself by using rules and principles stemming from Realism and “power game” theories rather than from theories of functionalism or neo– functionalism, which inspires policies and efforts towards European integration. Under these circumstances, if Turkey joins the EU as a full member state, and if the EU implements a new institutional structure, then Turkey will be one of the leading countries, belonging to the “first speed”. Therefore, why would the traditional EU leading countries want to see Turkey joining the EU as a full member state?
4. The theory of the “three wedges” We have already stressed the view that the current economic crisis will negatively affect Turkish accession to the EU for two pertinent reasons: firstly, Turkey does not have a strong economic motive to join the EU and secondly, the EU has no political courage to integrate a new leading Muslim country in the EU. Of course, one may allege that if the political and economic situation gets better, then the possibility of a Turkish membership will acquire new momentum. Even now, and although Turkish accession to the EU is in a deadlock, Turkey never stopped championing for a full membership (Bayis 2011).1 Therefore, if Turkey joins the EU as a full member – state, it will be one of the main EU leading countries. At this point, we must set the following question: are the EU leading countries ready to share the political, institutional and economic power that now enjoy within the EU with Turkey? If some of the EU leading countries, like France and Germany, wish to see Turkey joining the EU as a full member state, there is no reason to put on the negotiating table the idea of the “privileged partnership”. Therefore, one could speculate a number of reasons that EU leading countries do not want Turkish membership:
1. Egemen Bayis stated on November 4, 2001, that Turkish main goal is the Turkey’s EU membership.
A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...