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The European Budget Post-2013 and its Effects on EU-Turkey Relations

example, by mainstreaming research into other policy areas. Considering the increased participation of Turkey in the European Research Area and in programs of the European Research Framework Program, opportunities could arise - bearing in mind the necessity of co-financing - especially for Turkish businesses to further engage in research cooperation with European partners; and this would thereby trigger economic development in the country. The Instruments for Stability and Macro-Financial Assistance should, according to the Commission, stay available to candidate countries, hence also to Turkey. In the field of justice, the scope of programs accessible to candidate countries should be widened. The Commission wants to streamline programs dealing with cross-border cooperation on enforcement, on information, and on raising public awareness, training for professionals and the strengthening of networks; these should be incorporated into two streamlined programs and be made available to candidate countries wherever possible. A new instrument which might offer funding opportunities for Turkey is the Connecting Europe Facility, or Infrastructure Fund. The Commission intends to create this instrument to contribute to those financing of priority infrastructure projects in the fields of energy, transport, and digital networks which prove important for the completion of a European single market, the fulfilment of EU 2020 strategy as well as the European climate change and energy targets. For infrastructure projects of European interest passing through neighboring and pre-accession countries, the Commission intends to propose simplified means to link and finance them through the new fund. Among the pre-identified projects, one is of relevance for Turkey: the Southern Gas Corridor, linking Europe to the Gas supplies of the Caspian Sea and Middle East Basin. 2.5 Trends in EU policy and their implications for Turkey as a member state post 2020 In the economic realm, the Copenhagen accession criteria require a functioning market economy which is competitive within the EU. They do not set



Turkey on the European Doorstep  

A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...

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