Journal of International Relations, European, Economic and Social Studies
On top of the money Turkey receives from the programs noted above, it has access to funds from the Macro-Financial Assistance Instrument (MFA) and the Instrument for Stability (IfS) in case of need. While Turkey has not made use of the first instrument over the past years, it has been involved in projects related to export controls and the prevention of illicit trafficking of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) materials17 supported by the latter. In line with these measures, Turkey may apply for grants from the EU budget in relation to the common fight against fraud in the budget. 2.3 Negotiations around the new Multiannual Financial Framework (2014-2020) Halfway through the current Multiannual Financial Framework (2007-2013), the debate about the EU budget after 2013 has been well underway. With the Lisbon Treaty in force, the MFF is no longer a non-formal agreement between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission. Rather, the agreement has been upgraded to a regulation which needs to be decided upon unanimously by the Council following the consent of the European Parliament with the majority of its members. The Lisbon Treaty states in article 312 (5) that â€œ(t)hroughout the procedure leading to the adoption of the financial framework, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission shall take any measure necessary to facilitate its adoptionâ€?. However, the modalities of this cooperation have not been fixed. Traditionally, negotiations between the European Parliament and the Council on budgetary matters are tough, as the views of the two arms of the budgetary authority concerning the level of the budget differ considerably: the Parliament takes a more pro-European approach, generally asking for more money, while the intergovernmental Council focuses primarily on member state contributions vis-Ă -vis returns from the budget and is thus reluctant to increase the budget. In the light of the economic and, more recently, the public debt crisis, many member state budgets are under enormous pressure. Therefore, the Council has been taking an even harder line, with the EU calling out five countries
17. COM(2009) 341 final. Annual Report from the European Commission on the Instrument for Stability 2008, Brussels, 9.7.2009.
Turkey on the European doorstep
A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...