Journal of International Relations, European, Economic and Social Studies
Internet Regulations and Debates on Web Censorship Legal provisions and practices related to freedom of expression, the free flow of information and media pluralism on the Internet are crucial topics need to be discussed in the framework of freedom of expression in Turkey.14 The most problematic regulation is Law No.5651, commonly known as the Internet Law, passed in 200715. The definition of the law is provided as the “Fighting Against and Auditing Internet Crimes Committed Through Online Publications”. 16 According to the most recent regulation, the provider is responsible from the location, access and the content of the news presented online, while the locator is not required to have control over the content whether an unlawful activity is taking place by content providers. The definition of criminal activities were quoted from the Law No.5237, and include the sexual abuse of children (Article 103), orienting reader to a suicidal activity (Article 84), facilitating the use or narcotic or stimulant substances (Article 190), obscenity (Article 226), prostitution (Article 227), providing a platform for gambling activities (Article 228), and supply of dangerous substances imperiling health care (Article 194).17 The enactment of this law followed concerns for the availability of offensive videos involving the founder of the Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Atatürk on YouTube, combined with increasing concerns for the availability of child pornographic, obscene, and Satanist content on the Internet, and websites which provide information about suicide, or about illegal substances deemed harmful or inappropriate for children.18 14. The OSCE Report on Freedom of the Media on Turkey and Internet Censorship by Prof. Yaman Akdeniz, discusses the Internet Law No: 5651 and offers recommendations on how to bring the law in line with international standards protecting freedom of expression: http://www.scribd.com/doc/25109297/Turkey-Internet-Censorship-and-freedom-of Media-OSCE 15. Law No 5651 was published on the Turkish Official Gazette on 23.05.2007, No. 26030. 16. “Law on Fighting Against Crimes Committed Online”, Official Web Site of Department of Cyber Crimes, available at: http://bilisimsuclari.iem.gov.tr/kanun.html 17. ibid. 18. See http://www.scribd.com/doc/25109297/Turkey-Internet-Censorship-and-freedom of-Media-OSCE
Turkey on the European doorstep
Published on Feb 16, 2012
A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...