Turkeyâ€™s Geopolitical Position and its Role as an Energy Corridor
5. The Baku-Tbilissi-Erzurum Gas Pipeline This 915 km long pipeline has been in operation since July 2007; and it carries the natural gas of the Shah Deniz gas fields in Azerbaijan to the Eastern Anatolian city of Erzurum where it joins the Iran-Turkey gas pipeline. It has been in operation since July 2007. It has a maximum carrying capacity of 20 billion cubic meters of gas per year. 6. The Iran-Turkey Gas Pipeline This pipeline carries Iranian natural gas to the Eastern Turkish city of Erzurum. It starts in the Western city of Tabriz in Iran and ends in Ankara. It is 2,577 km long and has been in operation since July 2001. It carries 11 billion cubic meters of gas per year. 7. The Arab Gas Pipeline Another pipeline is under construction and nearing the Turkish border. It carries Egyptian gas from El-Arish in Egypt to Turkey through Jordan and Syria. It has a total length of 1,200 km. The construction of the pipeline will be complete at the Syrian city of Hamah and it is scheduled to be connected to the Turkish grid in 2011. It has a carrying capacity of 10 billion cubic meters of gas per year. Turkey will buy 1.2 billion cubic meters and the remainder will go to Nabucco. 8. The Interconnector: Turkey-Greece-Italy In addition to the incoming pipelines to Turkey there is also one outgoing pipeline from Turkey to Greece and from there to Italy. The Turkey-Greece part of this pipeline has been in operation since 2007; and it started by carrying 700 million cubic meters of gas per year. This volume will be increased to 3 billion cubic meters in the years to come. The total carrying capacity of the pipeline is 12 billion cubic meters; therefore 9 billion cubic meters of gas will be destined to make the Italy stretch. The pipeline will cross the Adriatic Sea from Igoumenitsa in Greece to Lecce in Italy. When the Greece-Italy part of the pipeline is completed in 2013, it will have a total length of 808 km (Map-5).
Published on Feb 16, 2012
A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...