Journal of International Relations, European, Economic and Social Studies
2. The Blue Stream gas pipeline A gas pipeline called Blue Stream crosses the Black Sea. This pipeline was laid on the seabed and has a capacity to carry 16 billion cubic meters of gas per year. The offshore part of it runs 3,996 kilometres from a point south of Novorossiisk in the Russian Federation to the Turkish Black Sea port of Samsun. 3. The Baku-Tbilissi-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline This pipeline is 1,760 km. long and carries Azeri oil through Georgia to the Turkish Mediterranean harbour of Ceyhan. The shortest route for this pipeline was through Armenia. However because of the unsolved conflict over Nogorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan did not agree to have its oil be shipped through Armenian territory. The pipeline has been in operation since 2006. It has the capacity to carry 50 million tons of oil per year and provides approximately 1.5 % of the worldâ€™s oil supply. MAP-4: Turkey as a corridor between oil producing and oil consuming countries
4. The Kirkuk-Iskenderun Oil Pipeline This is the oldest pipeline in Turkey. It has been in operation since 1976. It carries Iraqi oil from Kirkuk to the Turkish Mediterranean harbour of Iskenderun (Ceyhan). Its total length is 986 km and it has a maximum carrying capacity of 70.9 million tons of oil per year. Turkey on the European doorstep
Published on Feb 16, 2012
A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...