Turkey’s Geopolitical Position and its Role as an Energy Corridor
ones who will benefit from any advantages accruing from the cooperation and who will suffer from any failure in their cooperation. Russia, Azerbaijan and Armenia have already extended their support to the initiative. Georgia had misgivings at the initial stage on the grounds that it could not sit around the same table with a country that occupies its territory. This was not a convincing reason since both Georgia and Russia were sitting around the same table in BSEC. The support of Armenia for a project launched by Turkey was welcomed with appreciation in Turkey. This “football diplomacy” must have played a positive role with respect to Armenia’s attitude, for the outcome has been positive both for Turkish-Armenian bilateral relations and for the success of the platform initiative. D. The Middle East Turkey has had its back turned towards the Middle East for years. Indeed, this was a deviation from the policy initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Turkey was the promoter of other initiatives in the Middle East in 1930s, such as the Sadabad Pact signed in 1937 between Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and Iraq; but, the policy of active engagement in the Middle East was interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War. After the war, Turkey and some Middle Eastern countries found themselves on the opposing sides in the Cold War era; and, until the dismemberment of the Soviet Union, this made meaningful cooperation among the countries of the region quite difficult. The Middle East continues to be one of the most volatile regions in the world. To the best of its ability, Turkey contributed to the reestablishment of peace and stability and the democratization process in Iraq. It remains to be seen whether this country will see the end of several turbulent and painful years during which the Iraqi people paid a very heavy toll. Iran seems undeterred in continuing its nuclear enrichment program. Iran with nuclear technology and the strengthened role of Shia in Iraq will definitely upset the power balance in the Middle East with incalculable consequences. Turkey’s attitude towards the nuclear program of Iran could be summarized as follows: all countries have the right to acquire nuclear
A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...