Journal of International Relations, European, Economic and Social Studies
Turkey’s means to contribute to the solution of the South Ossetia problem is limited because it has no leverage with regard to the parties involved. 3. Abkhazia Abkhazia is recognized as an autonomous republic of Georgia. It has a population that dwindled from 550,000 in 2002 to 190,000 in 2007. Only 18% of this population is Abkhazian. The secessionist movement of Abkhaz ethnic minority declared independence from Georgia in 1992. An armed conflict broke out in 1992 and 1993 between the de facto independent entity and Georgia; and with the military assistance of the Russian army, the Abkhazians forced the Georgian army to retreat resulting in ethnic cleansing and a mass exodus of Georgian population from Abkhazia. The Georgian crisis of 8 August 2008 also resulted in the recognition by Russia of Abkhazia’s independence. Each suspended conflict in the areas enumerated above is shaped by different parameters. The solution applicable to one of them may not be valid for another. However we may say that 1) the political will of the major players is not strong enough to place the resolution of these conflicts high on the agenda; and 2) no progress can be made to resolve these conflicts without the cooperation of the Russian Federation. 4. The Platform for Cooperation and Stability in the Caucasus After the Georgian crisis of August 2008, Turkey launched an initiative called “The Platform for Cooperation and Stability in the Caucasus.” This initiative does not aim at substituting for any existing organization, forum or platform. Rather, it is complementary to them. Subjects that cannot be discussed in other fora may be brought to this forum; and the advantage of the forum lies in the fact that it comprises only the Caucasus countries that have a direct stake in the region, namely Turkey, the Russian Federation, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. In other words there will not be any exogenous participation in the platform, as it was thought that exogenous participation would carry the risk of diluting the subjects of cooperation with inputs that would be alien to the region. Countries of the region are the
Turkey on the European doorstep
Published on Feb 16, 2012
A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...