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Journal of International Relations, European, Economic and Social Studies

Turkey is engaged in Caucasian affairs because of its special relations with Azerbaijan, its close relations with Georgia, and its unsolved problems with Armenia. Furthermore there are sizeable Georgian and Abkhazian communities in Turkey. The number of ethnic Georgians and ethnic Abkhazians in Turkey are more than the Georgians and Abkhazians in their own respective countries. One fifth of the territory of Azerbaijan is occupied by Armenia. Turkey and Azerbaijan have close linguistic, cultural, and ethnic ties. These ties are sometimes described as “two States but one nation”; and is difficult for any Turkish government to turn a blind eye to the problems of Azerbaijan. This constitutes the main reason for the Turkish government closing its borders with Armenia after the Armenian army invaded seven provinces of Azerbaijan in early 1990s. 1. Nogorno-Karabakh This geographical region was an oblast within the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan during the Soviet era. It has around 190,000 inhabitants. It is officially part of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It declared independence on 10 December 1991, but it is not recognized by any country including Armenia. However Armenia does not recognize its being part of Azerbaijan either, claiming that the region declared independence at the same time that Azerbaijan became an independent state and that both of them are, equally, successor states of the Soviet Union. This approach contradicts several international resolutions: a.

Three UN Security Council Resolutions (853, 874, and 884) and two UN General Assembly resolutions (49/13 and 57/298) refer to Nagorno-Karabakh “as a region of Azerbaijan.”


A Council of Europe resolution states that “the territory of Azerbaijan includes the Nagorno-Karabakh region.” Another Council resolution states that “Considerable parts of the territory of Azerbaijan are still oc cupied by Armenian forces.” The resolution further states that “the oc cupation of foreign territory by a member state constitutes a grave violation of that state’s obligations as a member of the Council of Europe.” Turkey on the European doorstep


Turkey on the European Doorstep  

A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...

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