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Journal of International Relations, European, Economic and Social Studies

B. North-South axis (Bosporus and Dardanelles) The North-South axis is a seaway that links the Black Sea basin to the “warm seas” (the Mediterranean.) This axis was used intensively since the time of ancient myth. It played an important role in shaping the history of the Black Sea basin. According to the Greek mythology the mythical Jason and his courageous Greek Argonauts passed through this axis in the ship, the Argos, sailing on to Colchis (the present Georgia) to secure the Golden Fleece. Indeed, many Greek colonies were established all around the Black Sea by people who used the same seaways. These colonies indeed played an important role in the shaping of the history of the coasts of the Black Sea, especially in the Eastern and Northern shores. The vestiges of Greek culture that survives in these regions to this day are the remnants of these Greek colonies. Napoleon must have been inspired by the area around the Bosporus when he said that “If the world was to be governed by one single State, its capital would be Constantinople (Istanbul).” (The central position of Istanbul can be seen on Map-1, where it spans Asia and Europe and is close to the point where Africa meets Asia.) MAP-1: Turkey’s location at the crossroad of continents

Turkey on the European doorstep


Turkey on the European Doorstep  

A Publication based on the International Conference organised at the European Parliament/Brussels by Dr. ELENI THEOCHAROUS, Member of the Eu...

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