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urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

ECO TOURIST HABITAT TANUJ JAIN, GAURAV JHUNJHUNWALA and PALAK KOTHARI


nuj Jain Tanuj Jain Gaurav Jhunjhunwala aurav Jhunjhunwala Palak Kothari alak Kothari A book from the students of Balwant Sheth School Of Architecture. Tanuj Jain Gaurav Jhunjhunwala Palak Kothari

Balwant Sheth School Of Architecture alwant Sheth School Of Architecture SVKM’s Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, VKM’s Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, (Deemed-to-be eemed-to-be University), University),

Balwant Sheth School of Architecture alwant Sheth School of Architecture L.Mehta Road, L.Mehta V. Road, Vile Parle (W), e Parle (W), Mumbai - 400 056. India. umbai - 400 056. India. Balwant Sheth School Of Architecture +91 - 22 – 2613 65204622/ / 2618 3688 l.: +91 - 22Tel.: – 65204622/ 4577 Institute /2613 26184577 3688 SVKM’s Narsee Monjee of Management Studies, Timings: 10.00 to&1.00 mings: 10.00 a.m. to 1.00a.m. p.m. 2.00p.m. p.m.&to2.00 6.00p.m. p.m.to 6.00 p.m. (Deemed-to-be University),

Forrelated Admission related enquiries: or Admission enquiries: Balwant Sheth School of Architecture Tel No.: 022-2613 l No.: 022-2613 4577 /Road, 26184577 3688/ 2618 3688 V. L.Mehta Direct Line: 022-65204622, 65210058 rect Line: Vile 022-65204622, Parle (W), 65210058 Fax: +914512 - 22 - 2611 4512 ax: +91 - 22 2611 Mumbai - 400 056. India. Extn: 5621 /5622 tn: 5621 /5622 Tel.: +91 - 22 – 65204622/ 2613 4577 / 2618 3688 Email: bssa.nmims@vsnl.net, Admissions.bssa@nmims.edu mail: bssa.nmims@vsnl.net, Admissions.bssa@nmims.edu Timings: 10.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. & 2.00 p.m. to 6.00 p.m.

Copyright 2011-2012 Copyright© 2011-2012 For Admission related enquiries: Tel No.: 022-2613 4577 / 2618 3688 All rightsNo reserved. No publication part of this publication may be l rights reserved. of this may be Direct Line:part 022-65204622, 65210058 reproduced, stored in system, a retrieval system, or transmitted produced, stored in a retrieval or transmitted Fax: +91 - 22 - 2611 4512 inorany formmeans, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, any formExtn: by5621 any /5622 electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or without otherwise, without permission hotocopying, recording, or otherwise, permission Email: bssa.nmims@vsnl.net, Admissions.bssa@nmims.edu of theholder. copyright holder. the copyright

© Copyright 2011-2012 effortmade has been made to contact owners of the hile everyWhile effortevery has been to contact owners of the copyright material in produced inwe thisdo book, we do not always opyright material produced this book, not always All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be been successful. In the event of aquery, copyright query, please ave beenhave successful. In stored the event a copyright please reproduced, in a of retrieval system, or transmitted the publisher. ontact thecontact publisher. in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without permission Printed at Kwality Printing Centre. nted at Kwality Centre. of the Printing copyright holder. While every effort has been made to contact owners of the copyright material produced in this book, we do not always have been successful. In the event of a copyright query, please contact the publisher.

urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS


URBAN ECOLOGY 06

08 PROPOSAL:STRATERGY 10 14 STUDY : JUHU 16 24 PROPOSAL 34 56

SITE : JUHU WETLANDS CASE STUDY ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

CONTENT


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

disrupted ECOLOGIES A vital concern being in the present scenario is that the natural balance in an ecosystem is maintained. This balance may be disturbed due to the introduction of new species, the sudden death of some species, natural hazards or man-made causes. Human population and developments strikes a war between the natural and the man made worlds disrupting the ecological balance. The carpet bombing of the lush green forests during the Vietnam war led to the loss of habitat of many species. Special features on population and the environment show how population has increased from the industrial age and how it has affected the natural entities. In the name of development, we remove trees and vegetation, change how we use land, and keep expanding paved areas. All these not only affect the soil ecology, but also the water balance. Increased urbanization also requires more water to feed the city's population and industry, often requiring deeper and deeper wells to be drilled or water to be moved from even more distant locations. To understand how human population and increased developmental activities affect the ecosystem, there are live examples all over the world. Armenia is one such example of what is happening to the ecosystem because of increased population and developmental activities. Over the last 1,000 years human impacts on the land have increased, mainly through deforestation and increased use of pastures. It is now a requirement/ necessity to save the natural environment by restricting the growth of the humans’ to conquer every inch of unexploited entities and paralyzing the self sustained organism.

Ecological balance

conservation Balancing the ecosystems is based upon four fundamental principles of biodiversity conservation: 1. representation of all native habitats; 2. maintenance of viable populations of all native species; 3. maintenance of essential ecological processes; 4. maintaining resilience to ecological change

Measures to save energy throughout the life of refrigerating systems are increasingly acquiring significance. In this regard, natural refrigerants offer a double incentive, as they cut back on costs and help protect the environment, postulates Monika Witt.

“I have come to believe that we must take bold and unequivocal action: we must make the rescue of the environment the principle for central organizing civilization . . embarking on an all-out effort to use every policy and program, every law and institution, every treaty and alliance, every tactic and strategy, every plan and course of action . . every means to halt the destruction of the environment and to preserve and nurture our ecological system� engraved on the wall of a monument

A state of dynamic equilibrium within a community of organisms in which genetic, species and ecosystem diversity remain relatively stable, subject to gradual changes through natural succession.

6

ECOLOGIES |CONSERVATION


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

Project brief: The initial phase of the project indulged in the data collection and the forces acting on the entire spread of Juhu. The data resulted in concluding areas which are disconnected, inorganic, disorganized or requires certain alterations which could facilitate the system to function in a suitable manner where the pressure on the concentrated loci are released. In the latter stage, loci where analyzed and the issues which have been a hassle at that locus or could be intervened such that it make a statement for Juhu in the city of Mumbai (macro scale) or the internal well-being of that area were addressed by designing an urban interface. The driving force were the users themselves and the interface wrapping around the force creating a system which is sustained within itself.

Master Plan: Juhu Tara Road being a locus which engulfs tourists and the city dwellers for recreational activities, leisure, eateries, commercial pockets and the natural force (beach) abutting one side of the main access road. According to the statistics, around 500 hotels rooms are present because of the heterogeneity of the Juhu beach ,but the journey remains mundane and monotonous for the tourists with no major activities for leisure and recreation. The evident shortage of public spaces which are not guarded by the walls for mammoth size buildings encouraged to facilitate the use of the natural entities for the free flow of the users and break the monotony of the singular straight access of the street containing the repetitive textures, similar building facades, lamp posts, cars etc On the other side, the wetlands which were historically spread over around 60 acres is being deteriorated by the encroachment of the man made injections into the highly sensitive zone which in turn is disturbing the ecological balance. The wetlands being the major feeders for the migratory birds has witnesses a drastic reduction in the numbers due to the imbalance. The plot intends to link back the potential natural bodies ,i.e, the sea, beach, existing forest, wetlands to build up the economy for the Juhu Tara Road to mark its importance in the map of Mumbai which would be driven by the tourists/visitors.

7

PROJECT |BREIF

Juhu Tara Road mundane and monotonous experience TOURISTS visitors driven NATURAL forces WETLANDS existing FOREST arabian SEA man made ENCROACHMENTS breaking the main axial access linking back to the ecosystem ECONOMY boosting ecotourist HABITAT


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

JUHU

Part of K West Ward Area : 3.86 sq. km. Population : 3,10,000 (estimated for 2012) Density : 60.842 people/ sq. km. (estimated for 2012) Reserved open space : 0.27 sq. km. Ratio of open space : 1.18 sq. m/ person (estimated for 2012) Juhu is located on the western suburbs of Mumbai, along the coastline. It is primarily a residential hub, coupled with institutes of higher learning, public parks and beaches, fishing villages, and squatter communities alike. Like any suburban neighbourhood in Mumbai, Juhu has its own set of urban issues ranging from flooding and nodal overcrowding to problems of transportation and urban sprawl. Juhu beach is one of the major tourist attractions of the city. It invites a lot of people who come for relaxation and recreation from everywhere in the city. The beach serves as a major landmark of public leisure to all strata of the society within the city. It is also used by the local residents for fitness and enjoyment. These uses make the beach a destination which is used at almost all times within the twenty four hour period and the entire week, especially during the evenings and weekends. There is a lack of access to the entire stretch of beach because of which it gets underutilized. there are eight access points to Juhu beach from the Juhu Tara Road. they all need be opened up, strengthened ans artistically designed to encourage public movement. this would activate the entire stretch of the beach and make it a better public space by providing more activities for the people.

8

PROJECT |LOCATION


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

VILE PARLE JUHU

CST. TERMINUS CHURCHGATE

9

PROJECT | LOCATION


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

PROPOSAL: The crux of the proposal is to have a form which has a minimal interference with the ground surface, not hindering the ecological balance of nature. Creating a range of different experiences through the entire Eco-tourist habitat the axial monotonous axis could be broken down in smaller pockets of varying textures abutting open spaces and activities native to the ecosystem.

Strategy:

which can to on natural nce.

The applied operation on the proposal is the folding of pleated plates covered soft landscape or the rough ground strata. depending on the change in the programme the plate folds creating a space with the same homogenous surface. Being the monolith the structural system is self balanced and has a minimum impact on the ground. The ground is modulated to make a terrain facilitating in prevention of beach erosion on one side and acts as container for the swamp water on the other.

Programmes:

lates

10

Leisure: water sports amphitheatre bird watching deck nature trails water stream performance area decks restaurants beach significance: hawkers food stalls Giant wheel shacks and umbrellas tourists ammenities ecological park Golf course commercial kiosk

proposal |


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

PROPOSAL: The crux of the proposal is to have a form which has a minimal interference with the ground surface, not hindering the ecological balance of nature. Creating a range of different experiences through the entire Eco-tourist habitat the axial monotonous axis could be broken down in smaller pockets of varying textures abutting open spaces and activities native to the ecosystem.

Strategy:

the site under reference is a gesture which can be applied on similar site conditions to detoxify the environment with the help on natural refrigerants to attain ecological balance.

The applied operation on the proposal is the folding of pleated plates covered soft landscape or the rough ground strata. depending on the change in the programme the plate folds creating a space with the same homogenous surface. Being the monolith the structural system is self balanced and has a minimum impact on the ground. The ground is modulated to make a terrain facilitating in prevention of beach erosion on one side and acts as container for the swamp water on the other.

Programmes:

Folding of pleated plates modulating terrain

11

proposal |

Leisure: water sports amphitheatre bird watching deck nature trails water stream performance area decks restaurants beach significance: hawkers food stalls Giant wheel shacks and umbrellas tourists ammenities ecological park Golf course commercial kiosk


HISTORY

urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

Marine diversity_ fresh water swamp and salty

• • • •

Dense wood on the water front. Catchment for different species as of birds. Major tourist hub In the suburban Mumbai. Diversity of eatery joints.

Increase in number of tourist programs.

Dense woods for getting back the birds.

Maintaining the water bodies.

water.

REQUIREMENT

Ultimately, due to lack of control by public authorizes and the detachment and apathy of people towards public spaces and property, vital open spaces in the city have been captured and slowly destroyed. Environmental degradation had occurred on a massive scale. Thus a radical intervention is required to restore and develop the Mumbai environment.

Measures which need to be taken are as following:

Measures

a) The water front should be declared conservation and restoration zones. No major construction should be allowed. b) The water front must be primarily considered to be open spaces and remain as a collective asset of the city and its people. c) Adequate sewage, sanitation and garbage disposal system must be implemented and its important to install proper lighting in public spaces. d) Traffic flow into and around these area must be reviewed, adequate parking and public transport connection should be developed. e) Landscaping and steps to generate program related to ecological and horticulture should be developed and provision should be taken for erosion protection.

CONCEPT

Juhu Tara road, being a densely populated area by the tourists and by civilians as a recreational space, the concept is to release the pressure at the node(juhu beach) and offering open spaces with different experiences and textures which link back to the ecosystems . The site resources, the beach on the west and the swamp on the east could be use as a factor to bound the ecologies together. The operation implied is to use folded plates with minimal massing to have the maximum sense of the natural interventions. The pleats modulate depending on the change in experience of the surrounding. Solution for Economical problems are taken in consideration by planning bio diversity parks and trails trough the site.

12

tittle |discription


13

PLAN|EXSISTING

OPEN SPACES

COMMERCIAL

RESIDENTIAL

HOTELS

urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

                               


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

        A wetland is an area of land where the soil is saturated with moisture either permanently or seasonally. Such areas may also be covered partially or completely by shallow pools of water. Mangroves are considered as salt water wetlands whereas lakes are fresh water wetlands. Environmentalists have suggested that wetlands are not only rich in             ; they also provide protection against erosion and floods. They also help in  



   

           

2000

Wetlands play a crucial role in      

  

        

      and act as         

  

       , which Mumbai gets aplenty during the monsoon. They also replenish the underground water table and      

   

      and deforestation. Wetlands are also home to various species of flora and fauna.

2002

2009

2005

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14

WETLAND|


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

R E S T O R I N G W E T L A N D S I N I R A Q The drained and dammed marshlands of Iraq could soon be flooded with wildlife if a planned restoration project gets international support. That's according to scientists who will issue the first report assessing the health of the wetland, scheduled for release in the February 25 edition of the journal Science. The study, titled "T h e R e s t o r a t i o n P o t e n t i a l o f t h e M e s o p o t a m i a n M a r s h e s o f I r a q ," began in 2003 to investigate the ecological health of the embattled wetland, determine its ability to support a growing Marsh Arab population and restore the overall ecosystem. The once-lush marshlands were among the world's most productive, and the largest wetland area in the Middle East. At its peak, the region was a primary destination for millions of migratory birds, while abundant wildlife and plants flourished. Marsh Arabs, also known as the Ma'adan, made their homes in the marshes. Their ancient culture can be traced back 5,000 years, and their livelihood depends directly on fishing and farming among the reeds.

But researchers observed that some of those areas have become inundated, and it will be sometime before they can assess if the re-flooded areas can recover fully. Also, after years of seawater intrusion, some land is unable to support viable life. Ultimately, experts say that restoring a healthy ecosystem will take considerable time, international cooperation and monetary support . Despite the challenges, scientists working on the project remain committed to the task of restoring the wetland widely believed to be the birthplace of civilization and home to the biblical Garden of Eden. "They are essentially the largest wetlands in the Middle East, home to millions of birds on the Asian flyway to Africa, and home of the Marsh Arabs who've been there for 5,000 years

But years of internal conflict and wars led to the near destruction of the wetlands and brought much of the life that once existed there to the brink of collapse. The U.S. Agency for International Development funded the report, which was conducted by an international team of scientists, engineers and other experts. They determined that while some areas of the wetland show signs of improvement, only a fraction of the original 15,000-square-kilometer marshes remain intact. "We can see from the satellite images that by 2000, all of the marshes were pretty much drained except for 7 percent on the Iranian border," says the report's principal author, Dr. Curtis Richardson, director of the Duke University Wetland Center in North Carolina. Scientists conducted comprehensive tests of the water, soil and environmental health of the region. To date, about 30 percent of the marshes have been re-flooded due, in large part, to local tribes who breached dams and dikes in 2003.

15

WETLAND | RESTORATION

http://articles.cnn.com/2005-0222/tech/iraq.marshes_1_marsh-arabslargest-wetland-area-mesopotamianmarshes/3?_s=PM:TECH


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

16

JUHU STUDIO |PROGRAM


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

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tittleCONDTION |discription |PROGRAMMES AND TEXTURAL CONDITION SITE


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

hotel & resturants 33Rooms Rooms 3 Rooms

335 335Rooms Rooms 335 Rooms

17 17Rooms Rooms 17 Rooms 40 40Rooms Rooms 40 Rooms 115 115Rooms Rooms 115 Rooms

FIRST GRADE SECOND GRADE THIRD GRADE RESTURANTS

18

JUHU STUDIO |HOTELS & RESTURANT


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

The shoreline: Juhu beach is conducive to a series of Luxury hotels due to the onshore breeze acting as a major attraction. The beach, which more or less seems deserted throughout weekdays, tends to get very densely occupied on weekends

50

HOSPITALS

WORKERS 50 abv

19

LEGEND

200

100

TRAVELLERS 100 abv

JUHU STUDIO |TRANSIENT POPULATION

200 abv

100

HOSTELS

500

100 abv

STUDENTS

500 abv


12.00am-2.00am

10.00pm-12.00am

8.00pm-10.00pm

6.00pm-8.00pm

4.00pm-6.00pm

2.00pm-4.00pm

12.00am-2.00pm

10.00am-12.00pm

8.00am-10.00am

BEACH

YOGA OLD AGE JUHU BEACH

ACTIVITIES

6.00am-8.00am

urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

JOGGERS

COUPLE

TOURISTS

SPORTS TOURIST PETS TOURISTS LEISURE SPORTS

HAWKERS MORNING

AFTERNOON

EVENING

                                              

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activity |exsisting


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

saline water fresh water

soil saturated with moisture covered partially or completely by shallow pools of water protection against erosion and floods help in ground water replenishment replenish underground water table prevent soil erosion and deforestation flora and fauna

21

site condition |


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

EXISTING TRAFFIC PASTERN

PROPOSED TRAFFIC PASTERN

OPERATORS

Street is made in to complete pedestrian path for the visitors to experience the bio diversity and the ecological trails while passing by through the decks created. In the process traffic is diverted underground with affecting the present flow of traffic

MAJOR NODES

OPERATION DONE TO FOLD THE PLATES

22

SITE STUDY |CIRCULATIONtion


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

23

schmatic plan |


urban design|ecological tourism


urban design|ecological tourism

CASE STUDIES _BEACH ERROSION _TREE TOP WALK_ donaldson + warn _TREE HOTEL_ tham & videgard hansson _FAB TREE HAB PROPOSED PROGRAMME _AQUARIUM _SNORKELING _BIRD FEEDING _BIRD WATCHING _FISH BREEDING _JETTY _WATER SPORTS _TREE HOUSE


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

             

           

BEACH EROSION?

Beaches are temporary features. There is always sand being removed and sand being added to them. Often, they change drastically during the year, depending upon the frequency of storms. Ultimately, a beach erodes because the supply of sand to the beach cannot keep up with the loss of sand to the sea. Most sand is transported from inland via rivers and streams. The damming of most waterways in the US has thus prevented a major supply of sand from getting to our beaches. Sand can also be transported from beach to beach along a shoreline but this is mostly just a redistribution of sand that is already on the coast. The problem of beach loss can be exaggerated if sea level rises relative to the land (either due to true sea level change or geological sinking of the coast line). On an uninhabited shoreline, new beach can be created further inland. But, when the encroaching sea comes against people's property, the tendency is for people to try and stop the encroaching sea. They armor the shoreline with seawalls, revetments, jetties, etc. These have a negative effect on beaches because once sea water reaches them, it "bounces" off them with more energy than a wave washing back off a normal sand beach. More sand is carried off shore, promoting beach loss. Additionally, jetties placed perpendicular to the beach, disrupting along-beach currents and causing sand loss downstream of the jetty.

 

        

One of these is Dredged Sand. This is a process in which the sand is deposited onto the beaches by humans. We could also rebuild rivers and guide them to places with a lack of sand, hoping that they will push the sand back into place. Yet, this would take a long time to do, and many people, and there would always be the risk that they'd become misguided again.

26

CASE STUDY | BEACH EROSION


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

Rock armor also known as riprap, rock armor is large rocks piled or placed at the foot of dunes or cliffs with native stones of the beach. This is generally used in areas prone to erosion to absorb the wave energy and hold beach material. Although effective, this solution is unpopular due to the fact that it is unsightly.Also, long shore drift is not hindered. Rock armor hasa limited lifespan, it is not effective in storm conditions, and it reduces the recreational value of a beach. Given the destructive natural forces that seawalls are constantly subjected to, maintenance (and eventually replacement) is an ongoing requirement if they are to provide effective long term defense. The many types of seawall in use today reflects both the varying physical forces they have to withstand, and location-specific requirements such as coastal position, wave regime and value of landform being protected. Although once considered a wide-ranging 'hard' coastal management solution, their effect on adjacent areas of the coast, (particularly in terms of sediment movement) and their high cost has led to the increasing use of other 'softer' coastal management options such as beach. Seawalls may be constructed from a variety of materials: most commonly, reinforced concrete, boulders, steel, or gabions. Additional seawall construction materials may include vinyl, wood, aluminum, fiberglass composite and with large biodegrable sandbags made of jute and coir. Also are the options of Breakwaters, sea walls, groins, and submerged breakwaters, but they have flaws too; they trap as much sand as they are helping to deposit. A seawall is a form of coastal defense constructed where the sea impacts directly upon the landforms of the coast. Its prime purpose is to modify the potentially destructive action of tides and waves such that areas of human habitation, conservation, leisure and economic activities, are protected in the long term from the effects of erosion and / or flooding.

27

case study |beach erosion solution


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

Offshore breakwater - Enormous concrete blocks and natural boulders are sunk offshore to alter wave direction and to filter the energy of waves and tides. The waves break further offshore and therefore reduce their erosive power. This leads to wider beaches, which absorb the reduced wave energy, protecting cliff and settlements behind. Beach nourishment or replenishment is one of the most popular soft engineering techniques of coastal defense management schemes. This involves importing alien sand off the beach and piling it on top of the existing sand. The imported sand must be of a similar quality to the existing beach material so it can integrate with the natural processes occurring there, without causing any adverse effects. Beach nourishment can be used alongside the groin schemes. The scheme requires constant maintenance: 1 to 10 year life before first major recharge. Sand dune stabilization - Vegetation can be used to encourage dune growth by trapping and stabilizing blown sand. The location on the dune limits the types of plant that can thrive there. Beach dunes consist of the fore dune, the angled side which faces the ocean, the sand plain at the top of the dune, which may or may not be present, and the back dune, the angled side that faces away from the ocean.

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case studies |beach errosion solution


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

donaldson + warn This project emerged from a dense matrix of challenges and issues; environmental, experiential, educational, economic, aesthetic, political, historical and cultural. The focus was on an old tourist destination within a national reserve, the site of some of the planet’s oldest trees. The giant tingle trees are a species of eucalypt wholly unique to this part of the world.

29

case studies |tree top walk

VEGETATION VIEW SIDE & TOP

The solution proposed 60 metre long trusses threaded through the forest, gradually ascending to the tree canopies to offer commanding views over the ancient forest and out to the distant landscape. The tree top walk has been a resounding success in all measures. It has provided employment and a steady stream of tourist to the small town of Walpole and it has set the international benchmark for nature walks.

BOTTOM

The client, a State government department responsible in part for forest management, was looking for an educational spectacle that would attract more visitors to this unique forest and reduce damage to the sensitive ecosystem caused by the impact of tourists. The development was to also yield a sustained economic return for a relatively low capital commitment.


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

treehotel

T his is a concept for ‘harads’ a tree hotel created by swedish architectural firmtham & videgard hansson arkitekter. the cube design incorporates a kitchen,sleeping area, living area and a terrace.

the ‘mirrorcube’ by tham & videgard architects - one of the rooms in treehotel

‘harads’tree hotel plan

the interior of mirrorcube

30

case study |tree hotel_sweden


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

‘blue cone’ room by sandell & sandberg

the bird’s nest by inredningsgruppen

31

case study |tree hotel_sweden


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS By 2030 it is estimated that 60% of the global population will live in a metropolitan setting. When people become educated and engaged in ecological activities, be it the study of local birds, testing the quality of area water sources, cleaning up vacant land to create parks and gardens, or planting and caring for street trees, positive changes occur for both the people and the environment. For example, urban ecology transformations such as street tree projects increase social connections among urban residents which are the building block for public safety. The ability to enjoy, feel safe, and trust others in your community, is increased in areas where urban ecological tasks are performed, leading to better quality of life. Interactions between non-living factors, such as sunlight and water, and biological factors, such as plants and microbes, take place in all environments including cities. Concentrating humans and the resources they consume in metropolitan areas alters such things as soil drainage, water flow, and light availability. For example, sidewalks and rooftops can change an area's hydrology by increasing storm water runoff and can contribute to higher urban temperatures by storing heat energy and acting as an artificial heat sink. There are many actions that can help reduce these problems in urban communities. Tree planting helps limit the total surface area of concrete in communities, allowing for groundwater recharge, reducing overall temperature, and helping purify air. Activities such as community gardens or home gardening in urban communities are encouraged by urban ecologists. Biodiversity is increased with the availability of natural resources to support growth. So you can support a richer biodiversity by encouraging ecological activities in communities. Depending on the location of that area, the types of organisms in that community will vary greatly. Attempting to understand the factors that make some species successful in urban environments while others perish, is a common topic of research. Urban ecology does not necessarily make value judgments about whether urban environments are 'good' or 'bad'. Rather, urban ecology allows one to see what is happening in a community and, assist in developing ways to reach the goals that one would like to see in their community. Fab Tree Housing As a direct contribution to building knowledge in the fields of architecture and urban design the Fab Tree supposes ecology as the main driver for dwelling. This design explores the concepts in that debate by including all five traits. The use of computation enables these traits to become a construction method. The method is to allow plants to grow over a computerdesigned (CNC) removable plywood scaffold. Once the plants are interconnected and stable, the plywood is removed and reused. MIT is experimenting with woody plants that grow quickly and develop an interwoven root structure that's soft enough to "train" over the scaffold, but then hardens into a more durable structure. The inside walls would be conventional clay and plaster. The Fab Tree Hab is an experiment in time. Extra, or non-traditional, operating costs and required expertise over the life-time of the home include pest management with organic pesticides and maintenance of the living machine's water treatment system

32

case |fab tree housing tittlestudies |discription


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

Principles:

This home concept is intended to replace the outdated design solutions at Habitat for Humanity. We propose a method to grow homes from native trees. A living structure is grafted into shape with prefabricated Computer Numeric Controlled (CNC) reusable scaffolds. Therefore, we enable dwellings to be fully integrated into an ecological community. 1. Composed with 100% living nutrients. 2. Make effective contributions to the ecosystem. 3. Accountable removal of human impacts. 4. Involve arboreal farming & production. 5. Subsume technology within terrestrial environs. 6. Circulate water & metabolic flows symbiotically. 7. Consider the life cycle, from use to disposal.

33

tittlestudies |discription case |fab tree housing


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

1

PROPOSED PROGRAMMES

An underwater aquarium is a vivarium consisting of at least one transparent side in which water-dwelling plants or animals are kept. Fish keepers use aquaria to keep fish, invertebrates, amphibians, marine mammals, turtles, and aquatic plants. Water conditions for the fishes Water temperature determines the two most basic aquarium classifications: tropi cal vs. cold water. Most fish and plant species tolerate only a limited temperature range

2

Snorkeling is the practice of swimming on or through a body of water while equipped with a diving mask, a shaped tube called a snorkel, and usually swim fins. In cooler waters, a wetsuit may also be worn. Use of this equipment allows the snorkeler to observe underwater attractions for extended periods of time with relatively little effort. Snorkeling is a popular recreational activity, particularly at tropical resort and scuba diving locations. The primary appeal is the opportunity to observe underwater life in a natural setting without the complicated equipment and training required for scuba diving. Snorkeling is possible in almost any body of water, but snorkelers are most likely to be found in locations where there are minimal waves, warm water, and something particularly interesting to see near the surface.

34

research |proposed programme tittle |discription


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

Bird feeding is the activity of feeding wild birds. Bird feeding is typically thought of as an activity of bird enthusiasts. People who feed wild birds often attempt to attract birds to suburban and domestic locations. This requires setting up a feeding station and supplying bird food.

3

Bird watching is the observation and study of birds or by listening for bird calls. Birding often involves a significant auditory component, as many bird species are more readily detected and identified by ear than by eye.

4

Fish breading - Extremely clean water - Most fish will not breed if there is any ammonia or nitrite present, and large amounts of nitrate are toxic to baby fish. External cues - Many tropical fish breed in the rainy season. When it rains, streams flood, the water hardness drops, and there is thunder and lightning. Adventuresome breeders with rainy season fish may try large water changes with distilled water, watering cans to simulate rain, strong currents, and even flashing lights and loud noises. Temperature changes may also stimulate spawning, as may changes in the light/dark cycle.

5

7WATER SPORT

_SKURFING _BODY BOARDING _BOATING _CANOEING _JET SKI _PARASAILING _SKIMBOARDING _WINDSURFING _YACHTING SAILING _AIR BOARDING

Jetty - The state government is now planning to hand over the development of water transport services to the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). Jetties have been planned at Borivli, Marve, Versova, Juhu, Bandra and Nariman Point on the western front. The proposal will involve constructing jetties, providing vessels and ensuring safe transport. These vessels won't be used during the monsoon.

6

35

tittle |discription research |proposed program

7

Tree houses are buildings constructed among the branches, around or next to the trunk of one or more mature trees, and are raised above the ground. Tree houses can be used for recreation, work space, habitation, observation platforms, or as temporary retreats.


PROPOSAL


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40

plan | proposal


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41

plan | proposal


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bird watching deck activities

na


ature trail

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jet ski parasailing swimming

           leg dipping

            performance gathering

          festivalprocession        decks thoroughfare walking track

          spavillas the forest tree houses decks

    

on the sea leisure congregation space

        

Mumbai being a city with a large coastal line does not offer a prevailing waterfront for recreation and leisure. The objective of the initiative is to make the beach accessible with a n i n t e n t i o n to withhold the original aspects and cultural significance. The waterfront is rejuvenated with an agenda that tourists/locals are drawn in the various attractions keeping themselves occupied with the activities. The interactions with the surface is kept minimal to bring back the original natural ground. The fringe between the beach and the built mass is dissolved such as to get a g e s t u r e o f p e n e t r a t i o n in the massive natural body.

44

activity |Proposed

        

     


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   Â

The wetlands of Juhu sprawling over 60 acres, being the largest wetlands in Mumbai is being encroached by the Nehru Nagar slums on one side and the airport on the other causing the reduction of the migratory birds.  An initiative has been taken to link back the habitat and bring back the lost ecology. By employing the terrain strategy around the wetlands assisted in raising the levels and giving a modulated surface.

 �  � �  � �   �    �    ­       €



    

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activity |proposed


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PROPOSED ROAD


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 The traffic flow has been moved down such that the entire surface if free for non objected human movement to witness the various texture of the proposed eco-tourist habitat. By shifting the vehicular traffic a level below, it reduces the pollution with assists in the environmental wellness.

47

proposed |road

200% additional area has been provided to compensate the surface and the street parking on the Juhu Tara Road.

      


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proposal |proposal


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proposal |section


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to sea

to sea

amphiteatre

leasuire

PARKING

forest

to pond

rest space

PARK


KING

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ECOLOGICAL TRAIL

AMPHITHEATER

SWAMP


LAND AREA = 0.140 sq.km

LAND BUILT= 0.026 sq.km urban design| NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

A2

A3

4 A4

UPON

18.6%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.070 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.013 sq.km UPON

18.6%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.030 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.003 sq.km UPON

10.0%

LAND OCCUPIED

C5

D1

D2

LAND AREA = 0.000 sq.km JUHU STUDIO LAND BUILT= 0.000 sq.km

1.1 FIGURE GROUND_BUILT MASS AND UPON OPEN SPACES A5

00.0%

LAND AREA = 0.220 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.008 sq.km UPON

A1

03.6% 5

A2

A3

A4

A5

52 B1

LAND OCCUPIED

B1 C4

LAND AREA = 0.140 sq.km

N LAND BUILT= 0.026 sq.km UPON

18.6%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.070 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.013 sq.km UPON

A

18.6%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.030 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.003 sq.km UPON

10.0%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.000 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.000 sq.km UPON

00.0%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.250 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.036 sq.km UPON

JUHU |DENSITY tittle |STUDIO discription

14.4%

LAND OCCUPIED

B2 C5

B3 D1

B4 D2

B5 D3

C1 D4

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.250 0.220 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.036 0.071 sq.km UPON

14.4% 28.4%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.250 0.220 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.043 0.011 sq.km UPON

17.2% 04.4%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.250 0.220 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.050 0.061 sq.km UPON

20.0% 24.4% B

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.250 0.220 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.043 0.032 sq.km UPON

17.2% 12.8%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.250 0.220 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.027 0.053 sq.km UPON

10.8% 21.2%

LAND OCCUPIED

LAND AREA = 0.250 0.220 sq.km LAND BUILT= 0.016 0.074 sq.km UPON

06.4% 29.6%

LAND OCCUPIED

D3

D4

D5

E1

E2

E3

E4


A4

B4

A5

B5

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A4_6% land occupied B4_12% land occupied A5_4% land occupied B5_10% land occupied

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tittle |discription statistic |proposed density


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ARABIAN SEA jetty

on the sea leisure congregation space

amphitheatre performance gathering

water stream

rest spaces food stalls

leg dipping

spa villas the forest tree houses decks

rest spaces

villas the forest tree houses decks

landscaped pathway

thoroughfare access to the eco-tourist habitat

nature trail gathering

natural habitat

forest

amphitheatre performance gathering

activities decks

fish breeding

bird watching deck

natural habitat migration

ecology

W

forest

54

model images|


urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

water stream leg dipping

e

water sports parasailing

swimming

jet ski

landscaped pathway

thoroughfare access to the eco-tourist habitat

WETLANDS

55

model images|


A book from the students of Balwant Sheth School Of Architecture. A book from the students of Balwant Sheth School Of Architecture. Tanuj Jain Tanuj Jain Gaurav Jhunjhunwala Gaurav Jhunjhunwala Palak Kothari A book from the students of Balwant Sheth School Of Architecture. Palak Kothari

urban design|NATURAL REFRIGERANTS

Tanuj Jain Gaurav Jhunjhunwala Palak Kothari

                               

This book could not have been realised This bookwithout could not been realised the have personal and professional without the personal and professional sipport, encouragement, contributions sipport, encouragement, contributions and efforts received from a range of and efforts received from not a range individuals. This book could haveof been realised individuals. without the personal and professional Thanks are owed to many individuals sipport, encouragement, contributions Thanks are owed totaken many individuals who have time to contribute and efforts received from a range of who have taken timeand to contribute their images drawings to the book. individuals. their images and drawings to the book. With this are in mind we’d like toindividuals offer Thanks owed to many With this special inwho mind we’d like offer thanks to: to have taken time to contribute special thanks to:B.S.S.Aand 4th year (batch of 2012) their images drawings to the book. 4th year Donaldson B.S.S.A (batch of 2012) + Warn Architects Donaldson + Warn Architects Tham & Videgard Hansson With this in mind we’d like Architects to offer Tham & Videgard Hansson Mitchell specialJoachim thanks to:Architects Mitchell Massachusetts Joachim Institute 4th year B.S.S.A (batchofofTechnology 2012) Massachusetts Institute of Technology Donaldson + Warn Architects Finally thanks to AtreyArchitects Chhaya Thamspecial & Videgard Hansson Finally special thanks to Atrey Chhaya and Trilochan Chhaya who have Mitchell Joachim and Trilochan Chhaya who have helped with their support in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology helped compilation with their of support in the this book. compilation of this book.thanks to Atrey Chhaya Finally special

               

and Trilochan Chhaya who have helped with their support in the compilation of this book.


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