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Engaging and Easy to Use Shaped by Research Findings The Skill Sharpeners Reading Series is written by teachers and addresses these essential components of reading instruction as identified in the No Child Left Behind Act: • Comprehension • Vocabulary • Phonics/Structural Analysis • Fluency

16 motivating fiction and nonfiction stories

on The Li and the se ou M

shone brightly The afternoon sun lion, king on the plains. The mighty in the tall of beasts, strolled about g for a patch of grass. He was lookin a nap. At last shade in which to take ing tree whose he came to a spread ground with leaves dappled the lion lay down cool shadows. The of the shade. in the deepest part as he “Ah,” he murmured, the soft dust. stretched himself in for a nap.” “What a nice place to began and eyes He closed his snore gently. mouse came in the roots After a time, a little her home, a tiny hole was in a hurry to reach she had She past. g scuttlin sleeping lion until she didn’t notice the of the tree. In her haste, his nose. ly. instant lion the Synonyms scampered right across Skills: little woke mouse feet of four his huge Of course, the tickle the little mouse under swipe and trapped He made one quick she began to cry. she begged. paw. Immediately me,” kill don’t y, please “Oh, please, Your Majest me from my nap.” d the lion. “You woke t. “Why not?” growle . “It was an acciden s,” squeaked the mouse “A thousand pardon Fill in the circle front of the choice that best replaces the underlined word or words. for.” care in mouse children to a better Besides, I have small the lion. “Give me ed mutter n,” concer “That is none of my 1. Another word that means about the same thing as mighty is you.” fear, “if you spare reason, or I shall flatten , trembling with little mouse any strong powerful help you inmean “Well,” answered the favor. I promise to be able to return the me, I may someday 2. In his careless hurry, Roger rushed out the back door and tripped over the dog. way I can.”

What Does It Mean?

attention r Corp. • EMC 4532 •

©2005 by Evan-Moo

3

haste

amazement

Reading

3. Some people snore when they sleep. dream

talk

breathe loudly

4. The lion was amused by the mouse’s promise. He thought the promise was funny

scary

rude

5. A snare is a kind of bird Skills:

Categori

boat

trap

zing Wor ds That Desc

ribe Char acter Trait

s

6. The enormous stack of dirty dishes made me groan. huge Char acter Traits 7. One swipeA of.the paw would have been fatal to the little mouse. Wrlion’s ite these words large

Other literacy topics addressed include: • Grammar • Spelling • Reference Skills • Writing

a variety of follow-up activities to practice grade-level skills

The reading component and the specific skills addressed are listed on the Contents pages; skills are also given on each practice page.

small

beneath to blow to steal to brush against the charac big ter they des helpful cribe. large kind 8. The lion was frustrated because freevefrom the trap. roy al he could not breakbra strong tiny mother scary struggling to succeed prevented from carrying out a purpose loyal sleepy small courageou ready to give up s

Lion

Mouse

8

many pages are in standardized test format

Reading • EMC 4532 • ©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp.

B. In an acrostic

poem, eac Read the h line beg acrostic ins with about the about the a letter of lion in the mouse. the poem’s story. The subject. n write you r own acr ostic st

lordly bea

in a terrible out for an netted and

©2005 by

, roaring

afternoon

m rage

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held fast

o was u s e

Evan-Mo

or Corp.

• EMC 4532

• Reading

11

Writing: Martha Cheney, EdD Content Editing: Marilyn Evans Copy Editing: Cathy Harber Beth Penney Art Direction: Cheryl Puckett Cover Design: Liliana Potigian Illustration: Carol Bonfield Cindy Davis Jo Larsen Valerie Leadingham Don Robison Design/Production: Kristen Calcatera

EMC 4532

Congratulations on your purchase of some of the finest teaching materials in the world.

Photocopying the pages in this book is permitted for single-classroom use only. Making photocopies for additional classes or schools is prohibited. For information about other Evan-Moor products, call 1-800-777-4362, fax 1-800-777-4332, or visit our Web site, www.evan-moor.com. Entire contents © 2005 EVAN-MOOR CORP. 18 Lower Ragsdale Drive, Monterey, CA 93940-5746. Printed in China. CPSIA: O.G. Printing Productions, Kowloon, Hong Kong [8/2011]


Thank you for purchasing an Evan-Moor e-book! Attention Acrobat Reader Users: In order to use this e-book you need to have Adobe Reader 8 or higher. To download Adobe Reader for free, visit www.adobe.com. Using This E-book This e-book can be used in a variety of ways to enrich your classroom instruction. You can: • engage students by projecting this e-book onto an interactive whiteboard • save paper by printing out only the pages you need • find what you need by performing a keyword search … and much more! For helpful teaching suggestions and creative ideas on how you can use the features of this e-book to enhance your classroom instruction, visit www.evan-moor.com/ebooks. User Agreement With the purchase of Evan-Moor electronic materials, you are granted a single-user license which entitles you to use or duplicate the content of this electronic book for use within your classroom or home only. Sharing materials or making copies for additional individuals or schools is prohibited. Evan-Moor Corporation retains full intellectual property rights on all its products, and these rights extend to electronic editions of books. If you would like to use this Evan-Moor e-book for additional purposes not outlined in the single-user license (described above), please visit www.evan-moor.com/help/copyright.aspx for an Application to Use Copyrighted Materials form.


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Contents The Lion and the Mouse ..............................................................................................................3 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Relating Personal Experiences; Sequencing; Categorizing Words That Describe Character Traits Vocabulary: Synonyms; Onomatopoetic Words Grammar: Irregular Verbs An Oregon Trail Diary ................................................................................................................ 12 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Sequencing; Drawing Conclusions; Interpreting Graphic Information; Critical Thinking Vocabulary: Categorizing Phonics/Structural Analysis: Compound Words How to Make a Pair of Stilts .......................................................................................................23 Comprehension: Interpreting Graphic Information Vocabulary: Antonyms The Old Woman Who Lived in a Vinegar Jug ..........................................................................26 Comprehension: Making Inferences; Sequencing; Recalling Details Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning Phonics/Structural Analysis: Suffixes Fluency: Reading with Expression Reference Skills: Alphabetical Order Dick Whittington and His Wonderful Cat ..................................................................................35 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Sequencing; Critical Thinking Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning; Analogies Phonics/Structural Analysis: Contractions Go Fly a Kite ................................................................................................................................48 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Sequencing; Logical Thinking Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning; Antonyms; Synonyms Reference Skills: Alphabetical Order Let’s Go to the Movies ..............................................................................................................57 Comprehension: Interpreting Graphic Information Reference Skills: Alphabetical Order Punctuation: Capitalizing Titles of Movies The Three Sillies .........................................................................................................................60 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Creative Thinking; Sequencing; Using Context Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning Phonics/Structural Analysis: Comparative & Superlative Words Fluency: Reading with Expression Penguins, Pelicans, and Puffins ...............................................................................................71 Comprehension: True or False; Sequencing; Recalling Details Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning; Using Words in Context Fluency: Reading with Accuracy Grammar & Punctuation: Writing Sentences Correctly Spelling: Recognizing the Correct Spelling

©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp. • EMC 4532 • Reading

1


Blindfold Treasure Hunt ..............................................................................................................81 Comprehension: Critical Thinking Vocabulary: Categorizing Leprechauns ................................................................................................................................84 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Identifying Realism and Fantasy; Similes; Interpreting Graphic Information Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning Phonics/Structural Analysis: Long Vowel Spelling Spelling: Unscrambling Words from the Story Grandma Moses...........................................................................................................................94 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Making Inferences; Interpreting Graphic Information Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning; Categorizing; Critical Thinking Fluency: Reading with Expression Grammar: Pronouns Nuts About Peanuts .................................................................................................................. 104 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Sequencing; Fact & Opinion Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning Grammar: Adverbs Reference Skills: Finding Information The Legend of Blackbeard the Pirate ...................................................................................... 113 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Making Inferences; Drawing on Personal Experiences; Sequencing; Critical Thinking; Interpreting Graphic Information Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning; Synonyms; Homophones Reference Skills: Alphabetical Order Shop at Home ............................................................................................................................ 122 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Critical Thinking; Creative Thinking The Story of Shep ...................................................................................................................... 125 Comprehension: Recalling Details; Sequencing Vocabulary: Understanding Word Meaning; Synonyms Tracking Form ............................................................................................................................ 133 Answer Key ................................................................................................................................ 135

2

Reading • EMC 4532 • ©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp.


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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS2ELATING0ERSONAL%XPERIENCES

1UESTIONSABOUT BOE 5IF-JPO UIF .PVTF

! 1. How did the lion feel about the mouse at the beginning of the story? 2. How did he feel about the mouse at the end of the story?

3. What happened to change the lion’s feelings?

4. What lesson did the lion learn? Everyone

should take a nap every day.

Someone

small and weak can be a good friend.

Lions

should only be friends with other lions.

Getting

angry is a good way to solve problems.

" Think of a time when a friend has helped you. Write a short paragraph telling what happened and how you felt about it.

_____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________



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3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER Number the following events in the order in which they occurred in the story. Place an X in front of any event that did not happen. ____ The mouse hears the lion roar. ____ The lion lies down in the shade to take a nap. ____ The lion catches the mouse. ____ The mouse chews the ropes. ____ The lion pulls free of the net. ____ The hunters run after the lion. ____ The mouse wakes the lion. ____ The lion gets caught in a trap.

<Wd

____ The mouse makes a promise to the lion.

Y<WYj ij_ W j A male lion can weigh up to 400 pounds (180 kilograms)

and measure up to 10 feet (3 meters) in length.

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3KILLS 3YNONYMS

7HAT$OES)T-EAN Fill in the circle in front of the choice that best replaces the underlined word or words. 1. Another word that means about the same thing as mighty is strong

powerful

.

mean

2. In his careless hurry, Roger rushed out the back door and tripped over the dog. attention

haste

amazement

3. Some people snore when they sleep. dream

talk

breathe loudly

4. The lion was amused by the mouseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s promise. He thought it was funny

scary

rude

boat

trap

.

5. A snare is a kind of bird

6. The enormous stack of dirty dishes made me groan. large

small

huge

7. One swipe of the lionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s paw would have been fatal to the little mouse. to steal

to brush against

to blow

8. The lion was frustrated because he could not break free from the trap. struggling to succeed

prevented from carrying out a purpose

ready to give up



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3KILLS /NOMATOPOETIC7ORDS

7ORDSFOR3OUNDS 7ORDSFOR3OUNDS ! Some words in the story imitate sounds. Use the â&#x20AC;&#x153;sound wordsâ&#x20AC;? in the word box to complete these sentences.

bjgbjg

hfjZV`

1. The dog might 2. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Susie, it is rude to Mr. Guthrie. 3. The crowd began to onto the stage.

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, but it wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t bite. your gum that way,â&#x20AC;? said

when the rock band came

4. The babyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s toy makes a little

when he squeezes it.

5. Robert was yelling at his sister, so his mother asked him to ____________. 6. Mrs. Larsonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s class began to themselves when they heard the announcement.

quietly among

" Use the clues below to help you think of more sound words. 1. the sound of a bell 2. the cry of a kitten 3. the noise of a cannon 4. the sound of a fly 5. the noise of a car horn šBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING




3KILLS )RREGULAR6ERBS

4RICKY0AST4ENSE6ERBS ! Most verbs have the ending ed when they are in the past tense. But some

verbs change entirely. These are called irregular verbs. An example of an irregular verb is growโ€“grew. Write the past tense of each of these verbs.  &#WZ\^cTTTTTTTTTTTTTT 

&&#\d

 TTTTTTTTTTTTTT

 '#lV`Z TTTTTTTTTTTTTT  &'#h]ddi  TTTTTTTTTTTTTT  (#XViX]TTTTTTTTTTTTTT  &(#[dg\Zi  TTTTTTTTTTTTTT  )#W^iZ TTTTTTTTTTTTTT  &)#`cdl

 TTTTTTTTTTTTTT

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TTTTTTTTTTTTTT  &+#ร’cY

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 TTTTTTTTTTTTTT

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 TTTTTTTTTTTTTT

" Use the past tense words above to fill in the blanks in this paragraph. I

a cold last week. It terrible. I

sore throat. I

for 16 hours. When I a frog. I

four pounds. I

with a to bed and up, I sounded like I would never

get well, but now I am all better.



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3KILLS #ATEGORIZING7ORDS4HAT$ESCRIBE#HARACTER4RAITS

#HARACTER4RAITS ! Write these words beneath the character they describe. W^\

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higdc\

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i^cn

hXVgn

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,ION

" In an acrostic poem, each line begins with a letter of the poemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s subject.

Read the acrostic about the lion in the story. Then write your own acrostic about the mouse. Â?ordly beast

Â&#x201C;

Â&#x2C6;n a terrible, roaring rage

Â&#x153;

Â&#x153;ut for an afternoon stroll he was

Ă&#x2022;

Â&#x2DC;etted and held fast

Ă&#x192; i

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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

1UESTIONSABOUT Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x160;"Ă&#x20AC;i}Â&#x153;Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x160;/Ă&#x20AC;>Â&#x2C6;Â?Ă&#x160; Â&#x2C6;>Ă&#x20AC;Ă&#x17E; 1. Father wanted to go to Oregon to

get some good, rich land

to

get a job in a factory

because

his friends lived there

because

Mother wanted to go

.

2. How did Mother feel?

3. How did the girl who wrote the diary feel?

4. The journey had both pleasant and unpleasant experiences. Tell about two of each.

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3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. Did the family load the wagons before or after February 16? WZ[dgZ 

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2. Did they pass Independence Rock before or after the Fourth of July? WZ[dgZ 

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3. Did they travel in Indian canoes before or after they crossed the mountains? WZ[dgZ 

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4. Did the girls pick flowers before or after they picked berries? WZ[dgZ 

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5. Did they buy fish from the Indians before or after Father bought some oxen? WZ[dgZ 

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6. Was Father planning to make furniture before or after they arrived in Oregon?

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3KILLS #ATEGORIZING#RITICAL4HINKING

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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS$RAWING#ONCLUSIONS

5NDERSTANDING 7HAT9OU2EAD Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. The family traveled to Oregon . in

`small plane aa covered wagon fa pick-up truck ea passenger train 2. What did the family take to eat on the journey?

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3KILLS #OMPOUND7ORDS

#OMPOUND7ORDS Combine each word from List A with a word from List B to create compound words. Write the compound words on the lines below. A every day grand sun corn ferry fish rain farm mountain

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B boat light top meal house mother where shine fall hook




3KILLS )NTERPRETING'RAPHIC)NFORMATION

4HE*OURNEY TO/REGON

Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. The Oregon Trail passed to the of the Great Salt Lake.

`north asouth feast ewest 2. Which is the first fort the family would have come to on their journey?

`Fort Bridger aFort Hall fFort Boise eFort Kearny 

3. The Rocky Mountains are to the of the Cascade Mountains.

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(* (% '* '% &* &% *

Use the information in the graph to answer these questions about some tall things! How tall is the giraffe? How tall is the building? Which is taller, the tree or the building? Which is taller, the giraffe or the flagpole? Ask someone to help you measure yourself to see how tall you are. I am



2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS !NTONYMS

7HATSTHE/PPOSITE !Write the number of each word on the line in front of its antonym. 1. tall

sour

2. happy

rough

3. push

miserable

4. smooth

over

5. under

calm

6. rise

tiny

7. cool

pull

8. enormous

heavy

9. asleep

short

10. sweet

fall

11. excited

warm

12. light

awake

"Draw two pictures in each box to illustrate the pair of opposites given.

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“Oh well,” thought the bluebird. “She has never had power. It is not so much to ask.” “All right,” said the bluebird. “Just snap your fingers three times and see what happens.” And with that, the bluebird disappeared. The old woman snapped her fingers three times. She climbed into her ornate bed and went to sleep. When she awoke in the morning, she was in a golden bed. Two servants helped her dress in a gown of velvet and silk. Another servant brought her a lavish breakfast on a silver tray. Gardeners worked among beds of beautiful roses. The old woman was very excited, but she thought no more of the little bluebird. Time passed and again a year rolled away. The magic bluebird decided to go and see the little old woman. She wanted to see the happiness her gift had brought. When the bluebird arrived, she was flabbergasted to find the little old woman pacing back and forth, forth and back, in front of the castle. When the old woman saw the bluebird, she began to grumble. “Woe is me. Woe is me. It’s ever so unfair. Why must I live in a regular castle? I should live in a fabulous palace and be queen of all the world. Woe is me. Woe is me.” The bluebird was extremely annoyed that the old woman didn’t even bother to say thank you. And even though she was a kindhearted creature, she was completely out of patience. “Well, well,” thought the bluebird. “This has gone entirely too far.” “All right,” said the bluebird. “Just snap your fingers three times and see what happens.” The old woman did not notice the bluebird’s grouchy tone. She was already thinking about how delightful it would be to be queen of all the world. She snapped her fingers three times. She climbed into her golden bed and went to sleep. When she awoke in the morning, she was back in her vinegar jug, where some say she deserved to be all along. And she never saw the magic bluebird again.

After You Read Practice reading aloud the colored section on this page. Read the old woman’s words to show that she felt unhappy and dissatisfied. Read the bluebird’s words to show that it was annoyed.

28

Reading • EMC 4532 • ©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp.


3KILLS -AKING)NFERENCES

1UESTIONSABOUT

/Â&#x2026;iĂ&#x160;"Â?`Ă&#x160;7Â&#x153;Â&#x201C;>Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x160;7Â&#x2026;Â&#x153;Ă&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Ă&#x203A;i`Ă&#x160; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x160;>Ă&#x160;6Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2DC;i}>Ă&#x20AC;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2022;} Decide whether each statement is probably true or probably false. Explain why you think so, giving examples from the story. 1. The old woman who lived in the vinegar jug had a cheerful personality. This statement is probably _____________ because _____________________ _______________________________________________________________ . 2. The magic bluebird enjoyed making people happy. This statement is probably _____________ because _____________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ . 3. The old woman was grateful for the gifts she received. This statement is probably _____________ because _____________________ _______________________________________________________________ . 4. If she had become queen of the world, the old woman would have been happy. This statement is probably _____________ because _____________________ _______________________________________________________________ . 5. At the end of the story, the old woman got what she deserved. This statement is probably _____________ because _____________________ _______________________________________________________________ . šBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING




3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER In the story the old woman lived in several different houses. In the boxes below, draw a picture of each of these houses in the order in which they appeared in the story. Label each picture. The first one has been done for you.

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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

7HAT$OES)T-EAN Use the words in the word box to complete the sentences. Word Box VbVoZY

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1. The _____________ chair was covered with fancy decorations. 2. We were ____________________ to learn that we had won first prize. 3. Matt was _______________ with his sister because she grabbed the book out of his hand. 4. Ellen was ____________________ when her kitten began to fly. 5. The dainty horse pranced in a graceful and _______________ manner. 6. Silas _________________ about having too much homework to do. 7. The butterfly _____________ from flower to flower. 8. The _________________ carpenter complained all day. 9. Jean gave Carol a _________________ gift of diamond jewelry. 10. Kim poured the maple syrup out of the ___________________. 11. Sam was paid a ____________________ dollar for all his hard work. 12. Lynn was ______________________ when her friends gave her a surprise birthday party. šBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING




3KILLS !LPHABETICAL/RDER

!LPHABETICAL/RDER ! Here is a list of things the old woman wanted. Write them in alphabetical order. fireplace

______________________________

windows ______________________________ silver

______________________________

furniture

______________________________

rooms

______________________________

servants

______________________________

dishes

______________________________

hallways ______________________________ flowers

______________________________

gold

______________________________

" Imagine the home you would most like to live in. Make a list of five things you would find in that home. Then write your list in alphabetical order. List



List in Alphabetical Order

1. ___________________________

______________________________

2. ___________________________

______________________________

3. ___________________________

______________________________

4. ___________________________

______________________________

5. ___________________________

______________________________ 2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


Skills: Suffixes

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©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp. â&#x20AC;¢ EMC 4532 â&#x20AC;¢ Reading

33


3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

5NDERSTANDING 7HAT9OU2EAD Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. The bluebird instructed the old woman to _____.

`click her heels together two times acount to ten f snap her fingers three times eclap her hands five times 2. The bluebird went to visit the old woman after ______ had passed.

`one week aone year fone day eone month

4. The bluebird was upset because the old woman did not say _____.

`hello athank you fgood night egood-bye 5. The old woman was ______.

`greedy acheerful funselfish ethoughtful

3. The bluebird gave the old woman all of these kinds of houses except _____.

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Skills: Recalling Details

Questions about

Dick Whittington and His Wonderful Cat :ULWHDVHQWHQFHRUWZRH[SODLQLQJZKDWKDSSHQHGWRVROYHHDFKRIWKHVH SUREOHPVIURPWKHVWRU\ 'LFNZDVOHIWDORQHRQWKHIDPLO\IDUP

:KHQ'LFNJRWWR/RQGRQKHZDVFROGDQGKXQJU\DQGKDGWRVOHHSLQDGRRUZD\



7KHPHUFKDQW¶VVKLSZDVIXOORIUDWV

'LFNIHDUHGKLVFDWZDVJRQHIRUHYHU+HZDVKHDUWEURNHQ

'LFNZDVYHU\SRRU

42

Reading • EMC 4532 • ©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp.


3KILLS 3EQUENCING2ECALLING$ETAILS

4ELL)TIN/RDER ! List the following story characters in the order in which they appeared. eZdeaZdci]ZAdcYdchigZZih Vi]^cbVcl^i]\g^ooaZY]V^g i]ZXdd` VWjganhV^adg i]ZbZgX]Vci i]ZXVi 9^X`L]^ii^c\idc 1. ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________________ 4. ___________________________________________________________ 5. ___________________________________________________________ 6. ___________________________________________________________ 7. ___________________________________________________________

" Dick decided to leave London because he was so lonely for his cat. What did he hear that made him turn around and go back to the city? a

bird singing a dog barking church bells ringing the beating of a drum

ยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING




3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

7HAT$OES)T-EAN Draw lines to match each word to its definition.



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aVciZgc

aVg\ZWjcYaZh

\gj[[ 

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3KILLS #ONTRACTIONS

#ONTRACTIONS

! Write the contraction for each set of words. 1. you have _____________________

5. can not

_______________________

2. I am

_____________________

6. it is

_______________________

3. do not

_____________________

7. she will _______________________

4. is not

_____________________

8. they are _______________________

" Write the two words that form each contraction. 1. arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t

_____________________

5. theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll

_______________________

2. havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t

_____________________

6. whoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

_______________________

3. wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t _____________________

7. hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t

_______________________

4. weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re

8. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve

_______________________

_____________________

# Write two sentences. In each sentence you must use two contractions.

For example: If you havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t finished your chores, you wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t get to play ball with your friends.

1.

2.

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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

5NDERSTANDING 7HAT9OU2EAD Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. Dick went to London because ______. 4. Cook gave Dick ______.

` he could no longer take care of his farm

a his parents wanted to move there f he wanted to become a firefighter e his grandmother took him there 2. Dickâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s little cat had ______.

` black fur and green eyes a gray fur and blue eyes f orange fur and brown eyes e white fur and yellow eyes

3. Dick Whittington grew up to be a ______ man.

` good a bad f lazy e cruel



` an apple and a piece of cheese a a sausage and a pickle f a bowl of soup and a mug of milk e a sandwich and a cookie

5. The shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s captain loaned the cat to ______.

` a child a a king f a teacher e a sailor 6. What hardship did Dick experience in his life?

` loneliness a loss of parents f hunger e all of the above

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Skills: Analogies; Critical Thinking

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©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp. â&#x20AC;¢ EMC 4532 â&#x20AC;¢ Reading

47


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2EADINGs%-#sšBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

1UESTIONSABOUT

!G DQ9% A L = 1. Name three ways people have used kites.

2. Why did Benjamin Franklin fly a kite?

3. You should never fly a kite

.

on a hill

during a storm

in the morning

by yourself

4. Why is Kitesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Day celebrated in China?

5. The windsocks flown in Japan on Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Day are shaped like what animal? Why?



2EADINGs%-#sšBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER

<Wd

Write a paragraph explaining the steps in building a kite. Include these words: first, next, then, after that, finally.



Y<WYj ij_ W j The American Kitefliers Association has over 4,000 members

in 35 countries. A calendar of kite festivals can be found on this Web site: http://www.aka.kite.org

2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 7ORD-EANING!NTONYMS

7HAT$OES)T-EAN ! Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. What does an emperor do?

design a building drive a tractor rule a country

2. An emergency is

an ambulance an urgent situation that must be taken care of right away a first-aid kit

3. Electricity is

a form of energy a light switch happiness

4. When you do an experiment you

must ask a friend to help conduct a test work in a lab

5. Equipment is

a kind of horse a joke the tools and supplies you need to do a job

" Match each word with a word that means the opposite. enemy elaborate enormous expensive ยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING

cheap small friend simple




3KILLS !LPHABETICAL/RDER

)NTHE$ICTIONARY On which page would each word in the blue box appear? Mark an X on the page. kite

king

lifeboat

letter

lid

less

silk

silent

silver

holiday



hockey

knapsack

hold

kidney

kitchen

kitten

knob

liver

light

lily

sign

silent

sink

sister

hollow

honey

hoe

holly

2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


Skills: Synonyms

Synonyms &RPSOHWHHDFKLWHPXVLQJDSDLURIV\QRQ\PV ZRUGVWKDWPHDQDERXWWKH VDPHWKLQJ IURPWKHZRUGER[ :RUG%R[ mean

courage

contest

wind

legend

powerful

ancient

fall

show

breeze

rescue

story

old

tumble

demonstrate

strong

bravery

save

cruel

competition

  BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDV BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB   BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB PHDQVDERXWWKHVDPHDVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB 

Fan

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:ULJKWEURWKHUVLQYHQWRUVRIWKH¿UVW³Ã&#x20AC;\LQJPDFKLQH´ DQG$OH[DQGHU*UDKDP%HOOLQYHQWRURIWKHWHOHSKRQH

©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp. â&#x20AC;¢ EMC 4532 â&#x20AC;¢ Reading

55


3KILLS ,OGICAL4HINKING

7HOSE+ITE)S7HOSE Find out which kite each child is flying. Use the clues given. Mark the grid boxes with an X when you know that a person does not have a particular kite. When you have only one unmarked box in a row, write Yes in that box. Lee, Lynn, Jade, and Erika are all flying kites. Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s kite is not blue. Jadeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s kite is not flying as high as Erikaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s. Erikaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s kite is flying higher than the red kite. The yellow kite does not belong to Lynn. Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s kite is not shaped like a butterfly. Lynnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s kite is flying lower than the blue kite. Erikaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s kite is not yellow. The highest-flying kite is the butterfly.



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3KILLS )NTERPRETING'RAPHIC)NFORMATION

1UESTIONSABOUT ,ETS'OTOTHE-OVIES 1. Betsy and Hilda want to see a movie that starts after 7:15. Which movie should they choose? The Wild Horses

King of the World

Lost in the Galaxy

Dannyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Dinosaurs

2. How many showings of Dannyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Dinosaurs will be screened today at the discount price? _______________________________________________________________ 3. Which movie will be screened only once at the discount price? _______________________________________________________________ 4. Judging from the titlesâ&#x20AC;Ś which movies are probably outer space adventures? ______________________ _______________________________________________________________ which movie is probably about a dancer? ______________________________ which movies probably feature animal actors? __________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 5. Which one movie listed would you pick to see? _______________________________________________________________ What is something that might happen in this movie? _____________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________



2EADINGs%-#sšBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


Skills: Alphabetical Order; Capitalizing Titles of Movies

Alphabetical Order :ULWHWKHVHPRYLHWLWOHVLQDOSKDEHWLFDORUGHU+LQW$WLWOHWKDWEHJLQV ZLWKWKHZRUG³7KH´LVDOSKDEHWL]HGE\WKHQH[WZRUGLQWKHWLWOH Lost in the Galaxy Ice Mountain Knights of the Round Table Voyage to Beyond Mitzi & Mittens: Two Kittens The Wild Horses Danny’s Dinosaurs King of the World Ballet Story Blueberry Summer

Capitals in Titles 6L[QHZPRYLHVZLOORSHQDWWKH6XSHU&LQHPDQH[WZHHN5HZULWHWKHPRYLH WLWOHVXVLQJFDSLWDOOHWWHUVZKHUHWKH\EHORQJ the best fourth of july ever rocky the rowdy raccoon the prince and the pauper the man who looked in the mirror the magic unicorn destination mars ©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp. • EMC 4532 • Reading

59


The Three Sillies A farmer and his wife lived in a small farmhouse on a neat little farm. They had a daughter with dark curly hair. This daughter had a sweetheart. The sweetheart was a gentleman of considerable education and wealth. The gentleman often came to the farmhouse to have dinner with his sweetheartâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s family. When he came, the daughter always brought him a glass of cider from the keg in the cellar. One evening the daughter was just setting plates and cutlery on the table when she heard hoofbeats in the yard. Then came a knock at the door. The farmer opened the door to find the gentleman on his doorstep. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Good evening!â&#x20AC;? said the gentleman. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Please come in,â&#x20AC;? said the farmer, â&#x20AC;&#x153;and welcome, indeed.â&#x20AC;? The gentleman took off his dusty hat and seated himself in his usual comfortable chair. The daughter greeted him cheerfully and skipped off to the cellar to get a glass of cool cider. She turned the tap on the cider barrel and held the glass beneath it. The amber liquid began to trickle into the glass. The girl looked about the cellar as she waited for the glass to fill. On glancing up, her eyes lit upon a rusty ax stuck fast in a beam above her head. Strange thoughts began to fill her head. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What if I should marry my sweetheart and have a lovely son. And what if that son should grow up to be a fine young man. And what if that fine young man should come down to this cellar to fetch his sweetheart a glass of cider. And what if that ax should fall on his head, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ka-whump!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; That would be the end of him. How absolutely terrible, how utterly unbearable, that would be!â&#x20AC;? Completely forgetting about the cider, she sat down on a bench and began to sob and wail. The cider trickled on, making a puddle on the cellar floor. Soon the farmer came down the steps. When he saw his daughter sitting by the puddle of cider, his eyes grew wide.



2EADINGs%-#sšBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


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©2005 by Evan-Moor Corp. â&#x20AC;¢ EMC 4532 â&#x20AC;¢ Reading

61


Now, the gentleman was waiting all this time for his cider. He was becoming quite thirsty so he too came down the steps. When he saw the whole family sitting on a bench beside the river of cider, his eyes grew wide. He quickly turned off the bubbling cider tap. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What on earth is the trouble here?â&#x20AC;? he exclaimed. Still sobbing, the girl pointed at the rusty ax stuck in the beam above their heads. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What if you and I should marry and have a lovely son. And what if that son should grow up to be a fine young man. And what if that fine young man should come down to this cellar to fetch his sweetheart a glass of cider. And what if that ax should fall on his head, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ka-whump!â&#x20AC;&#x2122; That would be the end of him! How absolutely terrible, how utterly unbearable, that would be!â&#x20AC;? All three began wailing and sobbing anew. But the gentleman began to laugh uncontrollably. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Why you are nothing but supreme sillies!â&#x20AC;? he sputtered. He reached up for the ax handle, and with a jerk removed it from the beam and brought it safely down to his side. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I do not think I wish to marry into such a silly family. I will go and travel the wide countryside, and if I find three anywhere who are sillier than you, I shall return.â&#x20AC;?



2EADINGs%-#sšBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


The gentleman mounted his handsome horse and rode rapidly away from the farm. After a week or so of traveling, the gentleman came to a cabin with a sod roof. Grass grew from the sod, and a wooden ladder leaned against the side of cabin. An old lady was there, trying to push a spotted cow up the ladder. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What in the world are you doing?â&#x20AC;? asked the gentleman. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Why, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m putting my cow on the roof to eat grass,â&#x20AC;? replied the old woman. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t it obvious?â&#x20AC;? She pushed and shoved and tugged until at last the cow stood upon the roof. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Now I shall drop her rope through the chimney and tie it to my wrist. Then I shall be able to do my work and not have to worry about my cow.â&#x20AC;? And that is what she did. No sooner had she knotted the rope around her wrist than the spotted cow tumbled off the edge of the roof. The old lady shot up the chimney where she wedged tight. The gentleman cut the rope, freed the cow, and pulled the old lady out of the sooty chimney. â&#x20AC;&#x153;My, my,â&#x20AC;? he thought as he rode away. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is the first silly I came to seek.â&#x20AC;?

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A week or two later, the gentleman rode up to a country inn. It was late in the evening, and all the rooms were already taken. The innkeeper told him that he could share a room with another traveler. The gentleman agreed to this arrangement, because he was quite tired. He climbed the stairs to his room, got into one of the beds, and went right to sleep. When he awoke in the morning his roommate was already up. He was a short, stout fellow. He was holding his pants out in front of him. He made a mighty hop and leaped at his trousers. One leg slid in and there he stood, one leg in his trousers and one leg out. He withdrew the leg and tried again. Over and over he hopped and he jumped, trying to leap into his pants. The gentleman could hardly contain his laughter. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Let me show you an easier way,â&#x20AC;? said he. The gentleman pulled on his pants in the normal way, one leg at a time, and left the room, shaking his head. â&#x20AC;&#x153;My, my,â&#x20AC;? he thought as he rode away from the inn. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is the second silly I came to seek.â&#x20AC;? A week or two later, he rode into a rustic village. There was a lovely millpond in the center of the village. As it was a warm day, the gentleman rode up to the pond to give his horse a drink. There by the side of the pond was a young man with a net, which he cast into the water. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Are you fishing for trout?â&#x20AC;? asked the gentleman, with interest. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Oh no, sir,â&#x20AC;? the young man replied. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am trying to net the moon. You see, I saw it here in this very pond last night, and Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m trying to pull it out!â&#x20AC;? The gentleman had to bite his lip to keep from laughing out loud. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Wait â&#x20AC;&#x2122;til nightfall,â&#x20AC;? said the gentleman, â&#x20AC;&#x153;and all will be well.â&#x20AC;? The young man looked at him doubtfully, and threw his net once more into the pond. â&#x20AC;&#x153;My, my,â&#x20AC;? thought the gentleman as he rode away from the village. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is the third silly I came to seek.â&#x20AC;? And so he turned his horse around and trotted back toward the farm where his silly sweetheart and her silly family waited for him. The two were married, and we may hope they lived happily together for a long, long time.

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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS#REATIVE4HINKING

1UESTIONSABOUT The Three Sillies 1. Why did the daughter go down to the cellar? to fetch some cider

to put wood on the fire

to hide some jewels

to take a nap

2. What did she see when she looked above her head?

3. Why did the gentleman go down to the cellar?

4. Explain how the daughterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s imagination caused a problem.

5. Who solved the problem? How?

6. Pretend that the gentleman met a fourth silly in his travels. Tell what that silly did.

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3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER The gentleman found three sillies in his travels. Name the three sillies in order. Describe the silly behavior of each one.

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HZXdcYh^aan/ ______________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

I]^gYh^aan/ _______________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________



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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

7HAT$OES)T-EAN Find the word in the story that matches each meaning below.

1. a sweet drink often made from apples

_____________________________

2. a basement

_____________________________

3. a small barrel

_____________________________

4. a structure that lets smoke escape from a fireplace

_____________________________

5. a small, rough house

_____________________________

6. a tool for chopping

_____________________________

7. a hotel in the country

_____________________________

8. a fine black powder left over from burning

_____________________________

9. table utensils; silverware

_____________________________

10. grass with dirt attached

_____________________________

11. a name for a loved one

_____________________________

12. a slow drip or stream of liquid

_____________________________

13. crying uncontrollably

_____________________________

14. almost impossible to withstand

_____________________________

15. a man with good manners

_____________________________

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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

5NDERSTANDING 5NDERSTANDING 7HAT9OU2EAD Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. The family of sillies lived in

`a castle aa cave fa hut ea farmhouse

. 4. Why did the old lady want to put her cow on the roof?

2. The traveler at the inn did not know how to .

` put on his shirt a put on his pants f get out of bed e eat breakfast

` to frighten birds a to rest in the sun f to eat the grass e none of the above 5. The young man with the net was . trying to

` catch a fish a catch a frog f pull his friend out of the pond e pull the moon out of the pond

3. At the end of the story, the gentleman went .

` to the city and got a job a to the beach and went swimming

f back to the farm and married his sweetheart

e to the market to buy some bread 

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3KILLS #OMPARATIVE3UPERLATIVE%NDINGS

h-OREvANDh-OSTv h-OREvANDh-OSTv The suffix er means â&#x20AC;&#x153;more.â&#x20AC;? It is used when comparing two things. This pencil is longer than that pencil. The suffix est means â&#x20AC;&#x153;most.â&#x20AC;? It is used when comparing three or more things. Of all the pencils, this one is the longest.

! Add the correct suffix to each word below. Notice that all the words end in y. Remember to change the y to an i before adding the suffix. 1. more happy

______________________________________

2. most silly

______________________________________

3. more easy

______________________________________

4. more rusty

______________________________________

5. most wealthy

______________________________________

6. more pretty

______________________________________

7. most sleepy

______________________________________

8. most funny

______________________________________

" Write sentences using er and est correctly. 1. Compare the height of two boys. _______________________________ _________________________________________________________ 2. Compare the speed of four cars. ________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 3. Compare the temperature yesterday and today. ____________________ _________________________________________________________

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3KILLS 5SING#ONTEXT

3ILLY3ENTENCES Change one word in each silly sentence to create a new sentence that makes sense. 1. Angie went for a ride on her new desk.

2. Mrs. Anderson told the children to write sentences using their spelling bananas.

3. Dad put soup in Marieâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s shoe.

4. Jan planted some alligator seeds in her garden.

5. We paddled our canoes down the street.

6. Manuel kicked the pretzel across the goal line.



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3KILLS 4RUEAND&ALSE

1UESTIONSABOUT *iÂ&#x2DC;}Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x192;]Ă&#x160;*iÂ?Â&#x2C6;V>Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x192;]Ă&#x160;>Â&#x2DC;`Ă&#x160;*Ă&#x2022;vwÂ&#x2DC;Ă&#x192; Write a T in front of each statement that is true. Write an F in front of each statement that is false.

1. ____ Penguins are mammals. 2. ____ Puffins live in large flocks. 3. ____ Penguins are good swimmers. 4. ____ Pelicans cannot fly. 5. ____ Penguins eat fruit. 6. ____ Penguins hatch from eggs. 7. ____ There are twelve different kinds of penguins. 8. ____ Pelicans eat fish. 9. ____ Pelicans have poor eyesight. 10. ____ Puffins cannot fly. 11. ____ Baby puffins are called â&#x20AC;&#x153;pufflings.â&#x20AC;?

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12. ____ Pelicans have pouches under their bills.

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A father Emperor penguin loses about half his weight (30 pounds or 15 kilograms) while waiting for the baby to hatch.

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3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER Write these sentences in order. Leave out any sentence that does not belong. I]Zc]ZXdkZghi]ZZ\\l^i]i]Z[Vidc]^hWZaan# :beZgdgeZc\j^ch]VkZVcjcjhjValVnd[]ViX]^c\X]^X`h# I]ZeVgZcihWg^c\[ddYidi]ZX]^X`# 6[iZgVl]^aZ!i]ZX]^X`]ViX]Zhdjid[i]ZZ\\# I]Zbdi]ZgeZc\j^caVnhVcZ\\dci]Z^XZ# EZa^XVchY^kZ^cidi]ZlViZgidXViX]ร’h]# L]Zc^i^hW^\Zcdj\]!i]ZX]^X`aZVgchidhl^bVcYร’cY[ddY# I]Z[Vi]ZgeZc\j^cgdaahi]ZZ\\dcided[]^h[ZZi#



2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 7ORD-EANING5SING7ORDSIN#ONTEXT

7HAT$OES)T-EAN ! Match each word to its definition. Vl`lVgY

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hjgk^kZ

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hidji

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idadhZ[ZVi]Zgh

bdai

ida^kZ

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hXdde

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" Use words from the list above to fill in the blanks. All penguins live in the Southern

.

bodies they appear

With their

on land. In the water, however, they are adept and graceful feet and stiff wings are used

swimmers. Their

to propel them through the water. Penguins have learned to in an environment that most animal species would find difficult if not impossible to live in. ยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING




3KILLS 2ECOGNIZINGTHE#ORRECT3PELLING

3PELL)T2IGHT ! Circle the correct spelling for each word. 1. icey

icy

iccy

2. penguin

pengwin

pinguen

3. dangerus

danjerous

dangerous

4. fathere

feather

featther

5. hach

hatch

haitch

6. parrent

parentt

parent

7. built

buildt

bildt

8. enuff

enough

enouf

9. proteck

proteckt

protect

10. famous

famouse

faimous

" Write sentences using the correct spellings of the words in numbers 3, 7, and 8 above.

1. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________



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3KILLS 7RITING3ENTENCES#ORRECTLY

7RITE)T2IGHT Write each sentence correctly. Consider capitalization, punctuation, and grammar.

1. lets go to the zoo said lucy

2. will we be able to see the penguins asked jim

3. the zoo is on orange street

4. you isnt allowed to pet the animals

5. there are lions tigers jaguars and cheetahs at the zoo

6. andy and mother likes the elephants

7. Six bears was swimming in the pool

8. dad bought hot dogs for lucy and i

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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

5NDERSTANDING 7HAT9OU2EAD Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. Which kind of penguin is the largest? 4. Penguins build their nests out of . Emperor

` a King f African e Rockhopper

2. Brown pelicans have a wingspan of about .

` 2 feet a 4 feet f 7 feet e10 feet 3. Puffins like a strong wind because . wind

` blows insects away a helps the puffins fly f keeps the puffins cool e sweeps litter off the beach

` ice a grass f stones e sticks

5. Brown pelicans live in large groups . called

` colonies a apartments f communities e crowds 6. What do children in Iceland do to help the puffins?

` They take baby puffins home to be pets.

a They take lost baby puffins back to the shore.

f They take puffins to the zoo. e They take puffins to the veterinarian.



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3KILLS #RITICAL4HINKING

1UESTIONSABOUT #MJOEGPME5SFBTVSF)VOU 1. Would members of your family enjoy playing this game? Why or why not?

2. What are the names of the people you would like to play this game with?

3. What objects that you have at home would you choose to be the â&#x20AC;&#x153;treasureâ&#x20AC;??

4. What would you use for a blindfold?

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5. Do you think this would be an easy game or a hard game? Why?



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For over 200 years, treasure hunters have been looking for buried treasure on Oak Island in Mahone Bay in Nova Scotia, Canada.

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3KILLS #ATEGORIZING#RITICAL4HINKING

0UT)T7HERE)T"ELONGS In the word box below are a number of household items that could be used in a โ€œBlindfold Treasure Hunt.โ€ Divide them into three groups and then name each group. Word Box hdX`

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Name of Group

ยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING

Name of Group

Name of Group




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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS)DENTIFYING2EALISMAND&ANTASY

1UESTIONSABOUT

AZegZX]Vjch 1. Leprechauns are said to be

.

clerks

weavers

shoemakers

dairy farmers

2. What kind of treasure does each leprechaun have?

3. What sound led Breda to the leprechaun?

4. How did the leprechaun feel when Breda found him?

5. How did the leprechaun trick Breda?

6. What parts of this story could be true?

7. What parts of this story are make-believe? How do you know?



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3KILLS )NTERPRETING)NFORMATION'RAPHICALLY

4ELL)TIN/RDER Draw a map of the story. Include each of the places where important events happened. Then draw Bredaโ€™s path as she moves through the story.

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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

7HAT$OES)T-EAN Fill in the circle next to the correct meaning for each bolded word. 1. In this story, the word emerald means

` yellow a precious stone f bright green 2. Another word for boundaries is

` edges a books f shamrocks 3. A slipper is something you

` drink a wear f sleep on 4. At a hearty meal there is

` nothing to eat a little to eat f plenty to eat 5. A faint sound is

` loud and easy to hear a musical f quiet and hard to hear



6. In this story, the word charm means

` an object with a magic power a a good smell f a map or poster 7. When you chant you

` do something that isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t fair a repeat a simple poem or song over and over again

f win first place 8. Another word for wander is

` roam a ramble f cry 9. If you are sly you are

` gentle and sweet a big and strong f clever and cunning 10. In this story, the word ragweed means

` old clothes a a kind of plant f a thick stew

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3KILLS ,ONG6OWEL3PELLING

,ONG6OWEL3OUNDS ! Circle the words that contain the long i sound. lZ^\]i

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" Circle the words that contain the long o sound. hideeZY

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# Find long vowel words in the story that answer each clue. 1. Leprechauns are found in stories told by ___________________ people. 2. Leprechauns wear ______________-colored clothing. 3. Legend says that leprechauns have hidden treasures of ________________. 4. This vegetable was very important in Ireland. ________________________ 5. A wall or a house could be made of _______________________. 6. A leprechaun is a tiny creature. Another word for tiny is _______________. 7. A story that appears in oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sleep is called a ________________________. 8. Leprechauns are said to be tricky. Another word for tricky is ____________.

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3KILLS 3IMILES

3IMILES At one point in the story, Breda stands â&#x20AC;&#x153;as still as a stone wall.â&#x20AC;? This is called a simile. A simile is a comparison between two items using the word like or as. Complete these similes using your own ideas. 1. as tricky as ______________________________________________ 2. as small as _______________________________________________ 3. as cold as _______________________________________________ 4. as gentle as ______________________________________________ 5. as smart as ______________________________________________ 6. run like _________________________________________________ 7. cry like _________________________________________________ 8. sing like ________________________________________________ 9. grow like ________________________________________________ 10. sleep like ________________________________________________



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3KILLS 5NSCRAMBLING7ORDSFROMTHE3TORY

7ORD3CRAMBLE Unscramble the words below from the story. Then unscramble the letters in the circles to find one of the leprechaunโ€™s magic gifts.

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Grandma Moses A tiny old lady sits at a small table. Her white hair is neatly pinned in a bun on the top of her head. She holds a paintbrush in her hand. A piece of pressed board lies flat on the table in front of her. Her wrinkled face wears a dreamy expression. At the moment she is not working. Her face is turned toward the window, but her eyes are closed. She is looking far into the past. The warm June breeze of a New York summer touches her cheek, but she does not feel it. She is watching snowflakes swirl around her farmhouse in the hills of Virginia. She is remembering the past.

G

randma Moses was a famous American painter. It is often said that Grandma Moses first took up painting when she was nearly 80 years old. In truth, she always liked to paint and draw. When she was a little girl, she drew whenever she had a chance. She

sometimes made her own paints from berries and other plants she found in the woods. But her family always had lots of work to do. There was little time for drawing.



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When Grandma Moses was young, she wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t called Grandma, of course. Her name was Anna Mary Robertson. She lived with her family on a farm in upstate New York. Anna Mary was a happy child who liked school and chores. She learned to do all kinds of housework. She sewed and baked. She helped her father collect sap from the maple trees and make it into syrup. She raised chickens, and she learned to churn delicious butter. When Anna Mary was 27 years old, she married Thomas Moses. She and Thomas moved to Virginia. Here they raised dairy cows. Anna Mary made pounds and pounds of her famous butter. She sold the butter for fifty cents a pound. This was much more than butter usually cost. It must have been awfully good butter! Over the years Thomas and Anna Mary had five children. Anna Mary was a doting mother. She played with her children, but she also taught them to work. They had a happy life. After 18 years in Virginia, Thomas and Anna Mary moved back to New York. Thomas worked the farm they bought. Anna Mary looked after her family. She still liked to paint and draw. She sometimes painted pretty scenes on household objects. Her family enjoyed her pictures, but she did not think they were very good. As the years went by, the children grew up and moved away from home. Anna Mary and Thomas were lonely. They asked their youngest son, Hugh, and his new wife, Dorothy, to come live with them. This was a good thing, because in 1927 Thomas died of a heart attack. Anna Mary missed her husband. She was glad that she had children and grandchildren to enjoy. They kept her busy and happy. For a time she entertained herself by stitching needlework pictures. But as she grew older her fingers were stiďŹ&#x20AC;. It was hard to hold the needle. She decided to try painting again to see if that would be easier. Soon Anna Mary realized that painting brought her great joy. She would close her eyes or gaze oďŹ&#x20AC; into space and recall a happy time from her life. She would remember helping her father collect maple sap. She would think of Christmastime when her own children were young.

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She would try to create every detail of the scene in her mind. She would see the people, the farm buildings, and the animals. She would picture the blue mountains and the softly falling snow. When she had fixed the scene firmly in her mind, she began to paint. Anna Mary painted many of these homey country scenes. Her friends and family members loved the paintings. Anna Mary gave them away as gifts. Hugh hung several of the paintings in the local drugstore. One day a stranger came into the store. He bought every one of Anna Maryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s paintings. He asked where she lived. He wanted to meet her. He thought her paintings were special. He visited with her and bought  more paintings. He took her paintings to New York City and showed them to some art dealers. One of these dealers, Dr. Kallir, liked the paintings. He hung some of them in his gallery. The newspaper did a story about the art show. The reporter called Anna Mary â&#x20AC;&#x153;Grandma Moses.â&#x20AC;? From then on almost everyone used that nickname. Grandma Moses kept on painting. Her paintings got better, and they got more popular. Everyone liked the scenes of a simple country life. The pictures were cheerful, warm, and full of life, just like Grandma herself. Soon Grandma Moses was downright famous. She sold her paintings for lots of money. She was interviewed on television. She was even invited to the White House to meet President Truman! Grandma Moses lived to be  years old. She left behind a joyful collection of pictures that still touch the heart. They are pictures that tell about country life in America more than  years ago. They are the pictures Anna Mary saw when she closed her eyes and remembered.



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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS-AKING)NFERENCES

1UESTIONSABOUT Grandma Moses

1. Why didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Anna Mary have a lot of time to draw when she was a little girl?

2. When Anna Mary was a young woman, she sold buttons

butter

cookies

candies

.

3. How did Anna Mary get the nickname â&#x20AC;&#x153;Grandma Mosesâ&#x20AC;??

4. What can we learn from looking at Grandmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s paintings?

5. How do you think Grandma Moses felt about her life?

6. Make an X by each item that the story does not tell about. _____ Anna Maryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s brothers and sisters _____ the kinds of pictures Grandma painted _____ how to make butter _____ Grandmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s favorite kind of music _____ how Grandmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s paintings became famous

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3KILLS 2EADINGWITH%XPRESSION

2EADINGWITH%XPRESSION Here is the introduction to the biography of Grandma Moses. The author wrote it in a different tone from the rest of the article. The author wanted you to get a feeling about Grandma Moses before you began to read the biography. Read the introduction aloud. Practice reading with feeling. Then read the introduction to someone else.

table. Her ll a m s a t a s it s A tiny old lady bun on the a in d e n in p y tl white hair is nea tbrush in in a p a s ld o h e h S top of her head. ard lies flat o b d e s s re p f o e her hand. A piec wrinkled r e H r. e h f o t n o on the table in fr ression. At the p x e y m a re d a s face wear king. Her face is r o w t o n is e h s moment, her eyes are t u b , w o d in w e turned toward th the past. The to in r fa g in k o closed. She is lo rk summer o Y w e N a f o e z warm June bree not feel it. s e o d e h s t u b , k e touches her che irl around w s s e k a fl w o n s She is watching ginia. She is ir V f o ls il h e th her farmhouse in e past. remembering th



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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

7HAT$OES)T-EAN Write each word on the line after its meaning. hXZcZ

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Ydlcg^\]i

cZZYaZldg`

YZVaZg

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1. to stir and shake cream in order to make butter

_______________________

2. comfortable and friendly

_______________________

3. completely

_______________________

4. small parts

_______________________

5. a place where paintings are shown to the public

_______________________

6. a meeting for the purpose of sharing information _______________________ 7. a person who buys and sells things

_______________________

8. a view of people or places

_______________________

9. having to do with milk production

_______________________

10. sewing or embroidery

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_______________________




3KILLS 0RONOUNS

0RONOUNS A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Rewrite each sentence using a pronoun in place of each underlined word or phrase. ]Zg 

]Z



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lZ

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h]Z

1. Grandma made butter every day.

2. Grandmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pictures tell stories about Grandmaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life.

3. Grandma enjoyed the children.

4. Sarah and I like to paint pictures too.

5. Sarah gave a picture to Wally and Mike.

6. Wally and Mike liked the picture very much.

7. Mike asked Sarah for a ride to school.

8. Joe got a ride with Wally.



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3KILLS )NTERPRETING)NFORMATION'RAPHICALLY

!4IMELINE Read the events in Grandma Mosesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life. Write the letters in the correct order on the timeline. Draw something to represent each event.

Z

V W X Y Z [

After Thomas died, Anna Mary made pictures with needlework. As an old woman, Anna Mary became famous for her paintings. When she was 27, Anna Mary married Thomas Moses. As a young girl, Anna Mary made her own paints from berries and plants. Anna Mary learned to do all kinds of housework. Anna Mary was a loving mother to her five children.

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3KILLS #ATEGORIZING

#ATEGORIES Fill in each category of the chart using words that begin with the letters given.

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Vc^bVah

eaVcih

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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

5NDERSTANDING 7HAT9OU2EAD Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. Grandma Moses mostly painted pictures of _______.

` famous people a scenes she remembered from her life

f skyscrapers e the ocean 2. Anna Mary turned from needlework to painting because _______.

` she thought it might be easier for her stiff fingers

a she thought paintings were prettier

f she ran out of thread for her needlework

4. As a young girl, Anna Mary helped her father _______.

` raise vegetables a pick fruit f make maple syrup e cut firewood 5. Anna Maryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s son took some of her paintings to display in a nearby _______.

` grocery store a clothing store f shoe store e drugstore

e her children gave her a set of paints

3. Grandma Moses was invited to meet _______.

` President Lincoln a President Truman f President Kennedy e President Bush

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6. Grandma Moses lived to be _______.

` 65 years old a 80 years old f 90 years old e 101 years old




Nuts About Peanuts â&#x20AC;&#x153;Peanuts! Get your red-hot peanuts.â&#x20AC;? Americans have loved the crunchy taste of peanuts ever since 1870. That was the year P. T. Barnum introduced hot peanuts as a snack. He sold them at his circus. Soon everyone wanted peanuts to eat! But many people around the world ate peanuts long before that. Peanuts have been a popular food in Africa for hundreds of years. In South America, scientists found clay pots shaped like peanuts. These pots were over 3,000 years old! Some of the pots were filled with dried peanuts. Ancient dried peanuts have also been found in China. African slaves probably brought peanuts to this country in the 1700s. Peanuts grew very well in the southern United States. The sandy soil and moist climate was good for peanuts. At first farmers grew peanuts as food for their livestock. But one man thought that peanuts could be useful in other ways. His name was George Washington Carver. He was born near the end of the Civil War. His parents were slaves. From

George Washington Carver won many awards for his research. He studied peanuts, sweet potatoes, and many other plants.



boyhood, George had a great interest in nature. He especially liked plants. He worked hard and got an education. He became a botanist. A botanist is a scientist who studies plants. Carver spent many years working with peanuts. He used peanuts to create more than three hundred products. These items include soap, ink, plastic, and paint. George Washington Carver is famous for this work. There is a national monument to him in Missouri where he was born. He helped to make peanuts an important crop. Peanuts are not really nuts. They are legumes. Peas and beans are also legumes. Legumes are seeds that grow in pods. But peanuts have a special difference. The seedpods of the peanut develop beneath the ground. The peanut plant is very bushy and green. It produces many small yellow blossoms. When the blossoms die, their stems bend down toward the ground. They begin to dig into the soil. A seedpod grows on the tip of each stem. When the peanuts are ripe, they are dug out of the ground. A special tractor is used for this job. The peanuts must be harvested at just the right time. If the soil is too wet or too dry, many of the peanuts will remain stuck in the ground. After harvesting, peanuts are dried. Then they are sent to factories. There they are packaged as snacks or made into other products. Next time you go to a circus or a baseball game, listen carefully. You may hear someone shouting, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Peanuts! Get your red-hot peanuts!â&#x20AC;?

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>Ă&#x192;Ă&#x152;Ă&#x160;>VĂ&#x152;Ă&#x192;Ă&#x160;LÂ&#x153;Ă&#x2022;Ă&#x152;Ă&#x160;*i>Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x2022;Ă&#x152;Ă&#x192; Peanuts are good for you. They are a good source of protein. They contain vitamin E. Vitamin E may help prevent cancer. Peanuts are also a good source of some B vitamins. Use peanut butter to remove chewing gum from hair or clothing. Rub peanut butter all around the gum. The oil in the peanut butter will loosen the gum. Peanuts are sometimes called â&#x20AC;&#x153;goobers.â&#x20AC;? This nickname comes from the African word for peanut, nguba.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter was once a peanut farmer. When he was a young boy he lived on a farm. He helped his father raise peanuts. Jimmy sold boiled peanuts at a roadside stand. This was his only way to earn spending money.

Some people are allergic to peanuts! This is a very serious problem. People with this allergy must be careful not to eat any peanuts. They canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t eat peanut butter or any other peanut products. Some people can get sick from just the smell of peanuts.

Peanut-growing areas of the United States

Ecuador is a small country. It is in South America. People recently went there to study peanuts. They found more than two hundred different kinds of peanuts growing there. Ecuador has more kinds of peanut plants than any country in the world.

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Peanut Butter Many of the peanuts grown in the U.S. are used to make peanut butter. First, the peanuts are harvested and dried. Next, they are run across a screen to remove rocks and stems. After cleaning, the peanuts are shelled and roasted. Then they are cooled. Then they are rubbed gently between rubber belts to remove their skins. Finally, they are ground to a paste. Sugar, salt, and oil are sometimes added. Peanut butter was invented around 1890. A doctor created it. He made it for his patients who had no teeth. He thought it would be a good food for these patients. It would give them protein. In 1904 peanut butter was sold at the Worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fair in St. Louis. It was a big hit. In 1922 peanut butter was packed in jars for the first time. This meant it could be sold in stores around the country.

Make Your Own Peanut Butter â&#x20AC;˘ 1 cup of roasted, unsalted peanuts â&#x20AC;˘ 1 to 3 tablespoons of peanut or vegetable oil â&#x20AC;˘ salt Grind peanuts in a bowl or food processor until finely chopped. Add oil one tablespoon at a time. Blend until smooth. Add salt to your taste. Store in a tightly covered container in the refrigerator. It will stay fresh for about two weeks.



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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

1UESTIONSABOUT Nuts About Peanuts 1. Where and when were peanuts first sold in the United States? at a fair in 1900

at a circus in 1870

at a movie theater in 1950

at a baseball game in 1820

2. What country is home to the most different kinds of peanut plants?

3. Name three states where peanuts are grown.

4. What is a legume?

5. How are peanuts different from other legumes?

6. Why canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t peanuts be harvested when the ground is very wet or very dry?

7. Who is famous for his research with peanuts?

8. Name at least three products that can be made with peanuts.

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3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER Write the steps for making peanut butter in order. Leave out any steps that do not belong. I]Zci]ZnVgZYg^ZY# I]Zh`^chVgZi]ZcgZbdkZY# ;^cVaan!i]ZnVgZ\gdjcY^cidVeVhiZ# ?^bbn8VgiZghdaYeZVcjihVhVWdn# 6[iZgi]Vi!i]ZnVgZXaZVcZYidgZbdkZgdX`hVcYhiZbh# I]ZeZVcjihbjhiร’ghiWZ]VgkZhiZY# CZmi!i]ZnVgZh]ZaaZYVcYgdVhiZY# HdbZeZdeaZVgZVaaZg\^XideZVcjih#



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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

7HAT$OES)T-EAN Complete the sentences using words from the word box. Word Box egdiZ^c

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1. _________________ is a nickname for the peanut. 2. __________________ are plants whose seeds grow in pods. 3. __________________ is a country in South America. 4. __________________ and __________________ are nutrients found in foods. 5. A _______________________ is a scientist who studies plants. 6. A _______________________ is a place where products are made. 7. Peanuts make Pamela sick because she is ____________________ to them. 8. The _______________________ in the desert is hot and dry. 9. ________________________ means to gather crops from the field.

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10. Dad put the potatoes in the oven to ________________________. Y<WYj ij_ W j The amount of peanut butter eaten each year in

the United States (500 million pounds) is enough to cover the floor of the Grand Canyon.

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3KILLS !DVERBS

!DVERBS4ELL(OW An adverb is a word that tells how an action was done. Use one phrase from each column to create a sentence that makes sense. Write the sentence on the lines below. Then circle the adverb in each sentence. I]ZYd\]dlaZY

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1. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 5. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________



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3KILLS &INDING)NFORMATIONIN2EFERENCE-ATERIAL

2EFERENCE3KILLS Use a dictionary, an encyclopedia, or an almanac to find the correct answers. 1. Africa is a ________. country continent city 2. The Civil War in the United States began in the year ________. 1776 1941 1861 3. What is the capital of Missouri? 4. President Jimmy Carter was born in the state of _______________________ . 5. Find one fact about China. _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 6. What is a blossom? ______________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________

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The average American child will eat 1,500 peanut butter sandwiches by the time she or he graduates from high school.

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3KILLS $ISTINGUISHING"ETWEEN&ACTAND/PINION

&ACTOR/PINION A fact tells information that is true. An opinion tells about someoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s thoughts or feelings.

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2. Peanut butter is made from peanuts.

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3. George Washington Carver was a scientist.

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7. Some people are allergic to peanuts.

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8. St. Louis is in Missouri.

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9. Peanut butter tastes good with jelly.

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10. Boiled peanuts taste better than roasted peanuts.

" Write one fact and one opinion of your own. Ask a family member to tell which is which.

1. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________



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3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS-AKING)NFERENCES$RAWINGON0ERSONAL%XPERIENCES

1UESTIONSABOUT I]ZAZ\ZcYd[

7aVX`WZVgYi]ZE^gViZ 1. Why did Blackbeard want to look scary?

2. What did Blackbeard do to make himself look scary? He wore a hat made of bearskin.

He wore a necklace made of bones.

He put lit fuses in his beard.

He painted a spider on his face.

3. What did Blackbeard demand from the people of Charleston? Why?

4. Why didnโ€™t the governor send the warships after Blackbeard?

5. List three words that describe Blackbeard.

6. When Blackbeard attacked Charleston, the people were very frightened. Think of a time when you felt afraid. Write about the experience.



2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER ! Number these events from the story in the correct order. Leave out any sentences that do not belong.

Blackbeard took over Charlestonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s harbor. The governor hired sailors to man the ships. Anne Bonney was a famous female pirate. Blackbeard was killed. The citizens grew tired of Blackbeardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s crimes. The governor bought two small, light ships called â&#x20AC;&#x153;sloops.â&#x20AC;? There was a big fight. The citizens asked the governor of Virginia for help. The governorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ships found Blackbeard hiding in his favorite place.

" If you had to hide a pirateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s treasure, tell in order the steps that you would take. (Number each step.)

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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING3YNONYMS

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2. The word captive in this story means ______.  

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3. Fill in the circle beside each item you would probably find in a harbor. 

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4. A fuse is a string or wick that is soaked with explosive material. It is used to ______.  

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5. Many pirate ships flew a flag that looked like this: It was called ______.  



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3KILLS #RITICAL4HINKING!LPHABETICAL/RDER

!LPHABETICAL/RDER ! Write these words from the story in alphabetical order. cannon

_____________________________

ship

_____________________________

flag

_____________________________

beard

_____________________________

ribbons

_____________________________

gunpowder

_____________________________

candle

_____________________________

sugar

_____________________________

gold

_____________________________

treasure

_____________________________

hat

_____________________________

silver

_____________________________

" Write a paragraph telling what you think happened to Blackbeardโ€™s treasure. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________

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3KILLS (OMOPHONES

(OMOPHONES Homophones are words that sound alike but have different meanings and different spellings.

! Write a homophone for each word below. 1. sale

___________________

6. pane

____________________

2. blew ___________________

7. waist

____________________

3. sent

___________________

8. steal

____________________

4. beech ___________________

9. knot

____________________

10. weak

____________________

5. prey

___________________

" Write two sentences. Use a homophone pair in each sentence. For example: I pray that the deer will not prey on my vegetable garden this year. 1. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

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___________________________________________________________



Y<WYj ij_ W j Pirates had rules! Crew members signed documents

and swore to uphold a code of honor.

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Skills: Interpreting Graphic Information

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2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS#RITICAL4HINKING

1UESTIONSABOUT Shop at Home 1. What three items are shown on the page of the Shop at Home catalog?

2. Which item would make the best gift for your parents? Why?

3. Which item would you most like to have? Why?

4. What words and phrases are used to make the reader want to buy each item? EVYYaZEdeeZg

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5. Why do you think some people like to shop using catalogs?

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3KILLS #REATIVE4HINKING

7ORDS4HAT3ELL The Shop at Home catalog has a new product to sell. It is called a Snickadoodler. Draw a picture and write a description of the Snickadoodler. Try to use words that will make everyone want to buy one!



2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


The Story of

Shep

L

ong ago, on a cold winter night, a poor sheepherder came to the door of the small hospital in Fort Benton, Montana. A ragged-looking dog was at his heels. The sheepherder was very ill. The nurses at the hospital rushed him inside. They hurried him into bed. The doctor examined the sheepherder. He gave him some medicine. A kindly nurse found some food for the dog in the hospital kitchen. The people at the hospital did all they could. But the sheepherder died from his illness. The nurses called his family. They asked that the sheepherderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s body be sent to them by train. The sheepherderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s loyal dog watched as his masterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s body was loaded onto the train. He whined as the door to the boxcar slid shut with a bang. As the train pulled out of the station, the old dog lay down near the tracks. He watched the train roll <ehj away into the distance. 8[dj ed When station employees tried to pet =h[W j<Wb bi the dog, he growled and scrambled away. Because he was not very friendly, they >[b[ dW tried to chase him away. He would move off, but never too far. Soon he was right back at the stationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s platform. He dug a hole beneath the platform for shelter from CedjWdW the cold. šBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING




Trains came to Fort Benton four times every day. The dog was there to meet each one. He anxiously watched each passenger get off the train. Then, disappointed, he would return to his hole under the platform. The stationmaster, a man named Ed, felt sorry for the dog. He named the dog Shep. Ed began to leave scraps of food and bowls of milk out for Shep. He encouraged the dog to come inside the station where it was warm. Finally this kindness overcame Shepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fear. Shep learned to trust Ed and the other railroad workers. He would come inside to get warm. But when the tracks hummed and the train whistle blew, Shep was back at his post. For almost five years Shep kept his watch. He met every train. In the heat of summer, the bitter cold of winter, the slashing rains of spring, Shep was faithful. Four times every day, Shep was there to meet the trains. Passengers who came to Fort Benton were interested in the dog. They wondered why he was always there, watching the trains come and go. Finally Ed decided to tell Shepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s story. He wrote a little pamphlet that was sold to passengers for a small price. Newspapers shared Shepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s inspiring story across the nation. Shep even appeared in the famous newspaper cartoon called â&#x20AC;&#x153;Ripleyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Believe It or Not.â&#x20AC;? Many people wanted to adopt Shep, but he would not leave the train station. Day after day, he continued to wait and watch. Shep was very old when he died in 1942.



2EADINGs%-#sšBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


The people of Fort Benton were very sad. They wanted to do something special for Shep. Ed built a casket for Shep. The town held a funeral. The mayor and hundreds of townsfolk attended. The Boy Scout troop carried the casket to a hill overlooking the train station. The town of Fort Benton said a loving good-bye to the faithful dog. But that is not the end of the story. You see, people were impressed by Shepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s great loyalty. The pamphlet about Shep continued to sell. Ed decided to give the money from the sales to the Montana School for the Deaf and Blind. The money was called â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Shep Fund.â&#x20AC;? The fund was used to pay for outings for the children at the school. As the years went by, the people of Fort Benton kept the memory of Shep close to their hearts. On the fiftieth anniversary of his death, they decided to put up a monument to honor Shep. They raised money and had a beautiful bronze statue made. It is a statue of Shep. He stands looking toward the old train station, keeping his watch. Today, visitors stroll through the park along the banks of the Missouri River. They stop to view the statue of Shep. They buy the pamphlet that tells the story of Shepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s steadfast love for his master. They learn that The Shep Fund has grown to over two million dollars. It now helps to pay for programs and equipment at the Montana School for the Deaf and Blind. Shep will never be forgotten. His story will be told again and again. The donations his story inspires will help many, many children for years to come.

šBY%VAN -OOR#ORPs%-#s2EADING




3KILLS 2ECALLING$ETAILS

5NDERSTANDING 7HAT9OU2EAD Fill in the circle next to the correct answer. 1. Shepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s owner was a

.

`baker afirefighter f carpenter e sheepherder

2. Trains came to Fort Benton

` once a day a two times a day f four times a day e every two hours throughout the day

3. A statue honoring Shep stands on . the banks of the

` Tennessee River a Hudson River f Potomac River e Missouri River



4. How did the people of Fort Benton feel when Shep died?

` They were very happy. a They did not care. f They were sad. e They were angry. . 5. Who fed Shep and earned his trust?

` the trainâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s engineer a the stationmaster f the school teacher e the mayor of Fort Benton

6. The Shep Fund has provided over dollars for the Montana School for the Deaf and Blind.

` ten thousand a one million f seven hundred e two million

2EADINGs%-#sšBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 3EQUENCING

4ELL)TIN/RDER Fill in each blank with before or after. 1. The sheepherder went to the hospital ____________________ Shep died. 2. The people of Fort Benton felt sad ___________________ Shep died. 3. Shep stayed at the train station _____________________ his master died. 4. A nurse at the hospital fed Shep ____________________ he went to the train station. 5. Ed wrote a story about Shep _______________________ Shep died. 6. Fifty years _________________ Shepâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s death, the people built a monument for him. 7. Shep went inside the station to get warm _________________ Ed won his trust.

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8. Many people wanted to adopt Shep __________________ he grew old.

Y<WYj ij_ W j The United States and France have the most pet

dogsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;one dog for every three families. Germany and Switzerland have fewer pet dogsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;only one dog for every ten families.

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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

7HAT$OES)T-EAN ! Write each word on the line in front of its meaning. hXgVeh

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an owner

" Choose a word from the list above to complete each sentence. 1. The generous of the Parent Teacher Club made it possible for the fourth-graders to take a field trip to the state capital. 2. The in Washington, D.C.



to George Washington towers over the mall

2EADINGs%-#sยนBY%VAN -OOR#ORP


3KILLS 3YNONYMS

3YNONYMS ! Circle the two synonyms in each sentence. 1. The cold wind made Ralph feel chilly. 2. Maggie was afraid of the frightened dog. 3. The grimy little pig slept on a pile of dirty straw. 4. The sleepy little boy insisted that he wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t tired. 5. The faithful dog was always loyal to his master. 6. The strong wind blew with a powerful force. 7. I like to wear tight jeans, but these are just a little too snug. 8. The weak old woman grew more feeble with each passing day. 9. Lydia pretended she was a bird and imagined herself flying above the treetops. 10. The huge football player ate a gigantic hamburger after practice.

" Write two sentences of your own. Use a pair of synonyms in each sentence. 1. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

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3KILLS 7ORD-EANING

3H 3H 3Hx ! Use the clues to find words that begin with sh. Hint: Some clues may have more than one answer. 1. a rickety cabin ______________________________________________ 2. what a tree makes on a sunny day _______________________________ 3. the opposite of deep __________________________________________ 4. what you wash your hair with __________________________________ 5. a clover that is the emblem of Ireland ____________________________ 6. to cut the hair of a sheep ______________________________________ 7. something that covers or protects _______________________________ 8. a part of the body ____________________________________________ 9. this covers a window _________________________________________ 10. some people prefer this to a bath ________________________________ 11. something you wear __________________________________________ 12. what the earth does during an earthquake _________________________ 13. something you do when youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re cold _____________________________

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1. ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________



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berries Ã&#x20AC;owers walnuts tomatoes

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1. The Oregon Trail passed to the of the Great Salt Lake.

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©2000 by Evan-Moor Corp. • Reading Practice at Home • EMC 4514

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Š2000 by Evan-Moor Corp. â&#x20AC;˘ Reading Practice at Home â&#x20AC;˘ EMC 4514



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at a baseball game in 1820

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©2000 by Evan-Moor Corp. â&#x20AC;¢ Reading Practice at Home â&#x20AC;¢ EMC 4514

2EADINGs%-#s¹BY%VAN -OOR#ORP


Keep Your Child’s Academic Skills Sharp Evan-Moor’s 24-book Skill Sharpeners series provides comprehensive, grade-specific skill practice in the core curriculum areas of language arts and math. Full-color, 144 pages.

Math Grade PreK Grade K Grade 1 Grade 2

Reading EMC 4543 EMC 4544 EMC 4545 EMC 4546

Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6

EMC 4547 EMC 4548 EMC 4549 EMC 4550

Grade PreK Grade K Grade 1 Grade 2

EMC 4527 EMC 4528 EMC 4529 EMC 4530

Spell & Write Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6

EMC 4531 EMC 4532 EMC 4533 EMC 4534

Grade PreK Grade K Grade 1 Grade 2

EMC 4535 EMC 4536 EMC 4537 EMC 4538

Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6

EMC 4539 EMC 4540 EMC 4541 EMC 4542

About Evan-Moor Educational Publishers Who We Are • At Evan-Moor, we are proud that our products are written, edited, and tested by professional educators. • Evan-Moor’s materials are directed to teachers and parents of prekindergarten through sixth-grade students. • We address all major curriculum areas including: reading social studies thematic units writing geography arts & crafts math science How We Began • In 1979, Joy Evans and Jo Ellen Moore were team-teaching first grade in a Title I school. They decided to put ideas that worked for their students into a book. They joined with Bill Evans (Joy’s brother) to start Evan-Moor Educational Publishers with one book. • Bill and Joy’s parents’ garage served as the warehouse and shipping facility. • The first catalog was a folded 8 ½" x 11" sheet of paper!

Who We Became • Evan-Moor now offers over 450 titles. Our materials can be found in over 1,500 educational and trade book stores around the world. • We mail almost 2 million catalogs a year to schools and individual teachers. • Our Web site www.evan-moor.com offers 24-hour service and the ability to download many of our titles. • Evan-Moor is located in a 20,000-square-foot facility in Monterey, California, with a staff of nearly 60 professionals. Our Mission Now, as then, we are dedicated to helping children learn. We think it is the world’s most important job, and we strive to assist teachers and parents in this essential endeavor.

Helping Children Learn


SKILL SHARPENERS

Keep Your Child’s Academic Skills Sharp

I

t has been proven that children benefit immensely when parents take an active role in their education. As a parent, you have a wonderful opportunity to support what happens in the classroom, inspiring your child’s desire to learn. The skills and concepts presented in Skill Sharpeners are grade appropriate and are aligned to national and state standards. The standardized-style assessment pages are an integral part of the series, helping to build your child’s confidence with test-question formats. The books are colorful, engaging, and easy to use with interesting themes, charming illustrations, and a variety of activities that will appeal to your child. Additional parent resources from Evan-Moor Educational Publishers:

ISBN 9781608232611

• • •

The Never-Bored Kid Books Daily Summer Activities Skill Sharpeners - Spell & Write - Math

EMC 4532


Reading - Skill Sharpeners G4