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Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Yuyao Wang (827418) Siavash Malek + 18


Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

The three fundamental types of fabrication techniques that Kolerevic outlines in his article were subtractive, additive and formative fabrication. The subtractive fabrication technique is to carve out a particular volume accurately from a large entity of material by CNC machinery through electrical/chemical/mechanical processes. The additive fabrication involves adding material layer by layer onto an original material. Formative fabrication mainly is controlling heat and steam by CNC methods to deform a material into a mold and then create the desired shape. The CNC fabrication allows us to precisely build up the volume that can be created by parametric modelling. By parametric modeling, we are able to create complex shape while considering different parameters. It has the potential for mass-prototyping and mass-customization, and the product are also way more accurate than the traditional fabrication techniques.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

The 150X150X150 box is deconstructed into points on lines, and the new surfaces are built through lofting two lines that connects these points. The reason that we use this script is to get a developable surface, so the patterns we laterly put on them could be unrolled into planar surface for laser cutting.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

The two surfaces are symmetrical, with a opening gesture. Its’ form has a sense of diagonal.-

While contouring, I used lines that is 45degree to the xy-plane, so the waffle looks like being oriented, which meets the form of the surface.

The openings at two corners of the surfaces are biggerr than others.

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

For the Waffle, I have adjusted the cut type, so it does not need paper tapes to hold them together.

For the surface pattern, every five pattern is joined and then unrolled. 1. “Etch” was used on the folding lines of the mirrored 2D pattern, so it would be easier to fold during the assembling, and the cut lines would not be seen. 2. You may have noticed that some of the lines for the 3D pattern is not lasered as “Etch” nor “CUT”. This is becase that during the folding, some of the parts would be differently folded forwards or backwards. Since laser Cut can only cut one side of the material, I only Etched the foldings lines that would be folded in the same direction in order to keep its ability to fold backwards.

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Week Five

1

2

3

4

In the 3 and 4 iteration, the volumes are put together in the middle of the cube, I think their intersection could contribute into a large volume for my pavilion. Through iterations, I think that the variation shown by the same basic volume(eg. sphere) looks like the most complex.

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Week Five

Isometric

During the 3D print, I was worried about the junction near the openings, and I am not so sure that which way would make it weaker, by putting it vertically, or lay it down. Finally I choosed a way with fewer support material inside the main volume. because it would be easier to clean up. The volumes are connected to each other. The main volume has three openings and two of them could let people to pass through. The one opening at the back of the model offers a sharp transition from inside to outside, while the other one can have some kind of threshold for transition. Along with the circulation, I think it has a good level of permeability to let people walk around.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

{107,150,150}

{0,30,150}

{150,90,150}

1.4

{150,75,150}

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{105,0,105}

{0,62,150}

{150,90,150}

Key

{113,113,150}

{0,105,150}

{0,75,150}

{0,90,150} {150,60,150}

Grid Points

{44,0,150}

{60,150,150} {0,150,86}

{75,150,0}

{150,0,86} {45,150,0}

{0,150,30} {0,90,0}

{0,32,0} {0,54,0}

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.1

2.2

{150,118,0}

{0,116,0}

{150,96,0} {150,0,0}

{150,75,0}

{150,34,0} {105,0,0}

{Index Selection}

{0,20,0} {Index Selection}

2.3

2.4

{20,0,0}

{75,75,150}

{123,79,167}

{0,150,79} {0,5,0}

Paneling

{Curve Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{Direction Attractor}

{Triangular Division}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Task 01 Matrix I was trying to loft surfaces that has the feeling of spiral around a centre. So all the attempts has the sense of “centre” and some of them are symmetric about the centre. Then I was worried about the continunity of the spiral may have decreased at the edge of the surface, so I then focused on the “centre point” by using a attractor curve that goes around its surfaces.

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Week Six Task 02

Grid Manipulation

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{164,145,172}

{9,90,142}

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{30,58,111}

{19,80,88} {164,77,113}

{124,103,76} {19,-5,88}

{130,83,16}

{95,67,82}

{93,29,28}

Volume Distribution

{Curve Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

2.1

2.2

2.3

{Curve, Random, Point, Curve Attractor}

{164,-3,0}

2.4

{6,150,137}

{150,63,128} {95,67,82}

{51,26,5}

Volume Transformation

{Point Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Task 02 Matrix I choosed last one. Cause I like the way the volume intersects: different spaces are connected, and the oriented volume can offers a different angle to be viewed.

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1.3

{107,150,150} {150,90,150}

1.4

{150,75,150}

{0,0,0}

{44,0,150}

{60,150,150} {0,150,86}

{75,150,0}

{150,0,86} {45,150,0}

{0,150,30} {0,90,0}

{Index Selection}

{0,32,0}

{105,0,0}

{Index Selection}

{0,20,0} {Index Selection}

2.3

2.4

{75,75,150}

{Curve Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{Direction Attractor}

{Triangular Division}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

{20,0,0}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

{6,150,137}

{150,63,128} {95,67,82}

{51,26,5}

Volume Transformation

{0,150,79} {0,5,0}

Paneling

Yuyao Wang - 827418

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

2.2

{123,79,167}

{150,75,0}

{150,34,0}

{0,54,0} {Index Selection}

Final Isometric Views 2.1

{150,118,0}

{0,116,0}

{150,96,0}

Grid Points

Yuyao Wang - 827418

Week Six {150,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{105,0,105}

{0,62,150}

{150,90,150}

Key

{113,113,150}

{0,105,150}

{0,75,150}

{0,90,150}

Volume Distribution

1.2 {0,30,150}

- Task 02

Lofts

Module 02 - Task 01

1.1

{150,60,150}

{Point Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

Design Matrix 1:4 Design Matrix 1:4

The variation in opening on the panels can contol the way light entering the pavilion. People inside the pavilion would be illuminatd by the sunlight from above; and some shadows would be projected at lower level.

I was trying to get a sense of spiralling surfaces round the center of the volume. After a few attempts I found out that there is a lack of continuity when the spiral gets to the top, as it can geet very sharp. Therefore I focused on the centre of the space. The twp symmetrical surface can create a sense of consistence in a diagonal manner around the centre, which can also meet my expectations.

The sharp edge of the pavilion can make it connspicuous to look at. Also it can indicates the front side of the pavilion. There is an opening at the back of the main volume.

This is another outdoor spaces. I think the circulation that people walking from this outdoor space to the main volume could be interesting.

The opening here can offer good sunlight and ventilation into the main volume

The pavilion can also connects to some open spaces. The circle could be some water features or landscape.

The openings of the panel is in a diagnal order. It creates a sense of circumambiance at the middle that is opposite to the normal of the space.

The interior space is very high, offers a limited view to the outside.

Exploded Axonometric 1:1 0

20

60mm

Axonometric 1:1 0

10

20

60mm


Appendix

Process

Funny things happened when I was assembling my Task1 model. PIc1 is what happened when I put the waffle togther. Since my waffle does not stand on ground in 90 degree, they collpased as there is no sufficient support. It freaked me out at first. Then I tried to add some segments of mountboard inside the waffle to support it, and they worked! You can see there is a huge difference in height when I have plugged in the support.LOL. Laterly I have adjusted their position, so they won’t be seen through the opening on surface.

Pic 1

Pic 2

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Appendix Process

The waffle is trimmed with a volume generated from two circles spinning up. I think it meets my idea of “spiral” and “spinning”, and the opening can be a atrium of the pavilion.

Through this module, I have learnt that the digital software including Rhino and Grasshopper are means to materialized my idea. There is no doubt that these tools are very powerful, but I sometimes got dominated by its power. So, the lessson I learnt is: I need to study technology and digital design in order to understand how to use them to achieve my deisgn ideas. The core of archiecture study is still architectural thinking and ideas. Yuyao(Tania) Wang 15/04/2018

The volume inside the waffle lets freshair and sunlight to go in as a pavilion, and the same time the model can serve as a pen container, then I do not need to place it on the shelf.

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