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LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET Commercial Complex, Leisure Park and Day Market


LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET Commercial Complex, Leisure Park and Day Market

Tania chen/ 陳家禎 Instructor : Mr 關志洪


learning direction

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

how to improve environment by architecture. understand the relationship between community behavior and the environment. understand people's habits and interactions with the surrounding environment. solve social problems with architecture. analysis public market characteristic. provide the right solution for the community through design.


CONTENTS


CHAPTER 1 Introduction 0007 Introduction 0010 Motivation 0012 Goal CHAPTER 2 Site analysis 0014 Site description 0015 Natural environment 0015 Sun path 0015 Weather 0016 Wind 0016 Rainfall 0017 Cultural environment 0017 History 0017 Urban use 0018 Traffic 0018 Population 0019 Noise 0019 Air pollution 0020 Economic 0021 View from the site 0022 Field investigation CHAPTER 3 Issues 0024 Issue discussion 0026 Characteristic of market 0030 Comprehensive study CHAPTER 4 Case study 0031 Box park 0035 Flower wholesale market CHAPTER 5 Space requirements 0039 Space organization 0040 Space requirements CHAPTER 6 Design planning CHAPTER 7 References


LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET

0008


“My ideas was based on trying to improve the environment, increasing life quality considering on lifestyle and behavior”

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WHAT IS A PUBLIC MARKET?

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A Public Market is a year-round, carefully crafted, intentional and diverse medley of owner-operated shops, stalls and/or “daytables”. Public Markets exist to fulfill a public purpose, showcase a community’s unique character and culture while serving its everyday shopping needs. They typically focus on the sale of a full array of fresh, healthful, value added, and prepared foods – often locally grown or produced. They are sometimes rounded out by crafts and/or a variety of needed neighborhood businesses. They usually include a seasonal, outdoor farmers market component. Public Markets prohibit chain stores and franchises. They focus on businesses that are locally owned and operated which highlight the best of local foods, crafts, music, heritage and culture.

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WHY WOULD I WANT TO DESIGN LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET ?

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The inspiration founded while taking a bus to the Taichung city. As usual, I Look around. Nothing much until the bus began swerving because the driver trying to avoid an old woman who suddenly crosses the road and naturally, I‘m a little curious about what happened, looked here and there by the window. But all I could see was the crowd — the heads of people which standing on the roadside for bargain closed to the middle without ignore passing buses and We were helplessly stuck in the middle I could clearly remember we stuck on traffic around the market. Too many motorcycles, scooter, parking randomly on the side road. the other day at the same time I saw a little girl who come with middle- aged man nearly got bumped by a car. my experience has made me realize how important architecture for our life and has also taught me architecture is not only about building or houses but also can change behavior, lifestyle, life quality,etc

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describes a lifestyle and behavior. Its practitioners often repeating similar behavior as retail, market, community, and food. Its proponents aim to conduct their lives in ways that are consistent with sustainability, naturally balanced, and respectful of humanity's symbiotic relationship with the Earth's natural ecology The practice and general philosophy of ecological living closely follow the overall principles of sustainable development

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i wanted to create a place where all people from all backgrounds feel welcome and included Ensuring that, while beautiful, the Market feels warm, inviting, simple, and modest Using natural beauty Creating spaces within the Market that naturally encourage community gathering and place-making Creating connections to nearby market Making sure there is adequate parking available and easily accessible on site and the traffic flow is efficient for visitors who travel by all modes of transportation.

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SITE ANALYSIS

XINTUCHENG MARKET

TAIWAN COOPERATIVE BANK

TUCHENG MARKET

PIZZA HUT

POST OFFICE

S: 1/5000

Address Area

No 412 Cishan Road, Dali District, Taichung City, 412 14390 m2

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SUN PATH

Spring/ Auturmn

Summer

Winter

Sunset

N Sunrise

WEATHER Taichung is surrounded by sea and mountain; However, in winter when the cold air from Siberia arrives there will often be days with temperatures below 10 °C. In summer, under the influence of the subtropical Pacific high pressure, it can be very hot. Temperatures of 35 °C or above are common on those days. At times taichung will also be struck by typhoons Unit : C。

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WIND

Summer wind speed is relatively weak compared to winter. wind blow south-west between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon ) The winter monsoon is affected by the central mountain range and most of the western coastal winds blow north-east between October and April (the dry monsoon)and the winter wind is strong and cold

RAINFALL Unit : mm

Taichung total rainfall is less compared to other city in Taiwan. Taichung city has a tropical monsoon climate and the rainfall is heavily dominated by the monsoon especially during summer

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HISTORY The ancient name of Dali District, Dali, “Dali” is the transliteration of the name of the local Hongpu nationality of Pingpu. “ 杙 ” refers to the wooden stakes that are tied to the ship. During the Qing Dynasty, immigrants first arrived in Dali from Fujian Province Dali was once the sixth largest market in Taiwan and was an important trans-shipment point for the circulation of freight goods. At that time, the Dali River was about one kilometer wide. The sluice pier was near the city's Dali High School. At that time, many Han Chinese used to trade in the area and gradually formed a small village. It was called "the ferry boat" (now "Old Street" ). In the 15th year of Emperor Qianlong's immigration, the population of up to 20,000 people, along the Dadu River, and went up to the Dali River. the convenient transportation and the hard work of the immigrants, Dali has quickly become the most prosperous area in the Taichung Basin, laying the foundation for future prosperity and development. It is jointly known as the three largest settlements in Taichung, and is the earliest developed area in the Taichung Basin. It is also known as the three largest settlements in Taichung. Until the Japanese government, due to the siltation of the river port and the formation of the road network, Keelung and Kaohsiung Port gradually replaced the function of the central transportation. The status of the Da Litun was declining. After the correction of the urban area during the Japanese occupation

URBAN USE Categories :type B industrial area according to Article 18 of the Urban Planning Regulations of the Taiwan Province, B industrial zone allowed market and leisure facilities The total land area used shall not exceed 50% of the total area of the industrial area Building coverage :50% Floor area ratio : 210% Industrial land

Residential land Business land Market land

Social education land Agricultural land Water area

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TRAFFIC

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POPULATION 15.3 %

Age 0-14

13.6 %

Age 15-24

33 %

Age 25-44

27.9 %

Age 45-64

10 %

Age >65

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The loudest noise comes from south & west which is the market and Tucheng Road.

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AIR POLLUTION

Dajia District Houli District

Qingshui District

Wuqi District

Fengyuan District

Shalu District Xitun District

Dadu District

Wuri District

Taiping District

Dali District

Wufeng District

TAICHUNG MAP GOOD AVERAGE

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ECONOMIC

Business industry There are many factories which are known as "small industrial areas", Dali Tobacco Research and Production Plant of the former Taiwanese Tobacco and Liquor Company was also located in dali

Agriculture terrain of Dali is at, slightly higher in the northeast and slightly lower in the southwest. Most of them can be used for farming. The main land is rice, and a few hillsides are planted with fruit trees or dry crops. Important specialty products include longan, lychee, sauerkraut and grape.

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VIEW FROM THE SITE

1

2 5

1

3 2

4

S: 1/5000

5

3

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4

00023


Field Investigation

3

1

S: 1/5000

4

2

1.4. because around this area there are no facilities for children to play, they usually play on the streets, alleys, markets 2. a pile of rubbish on the market, smelling and messy 3. Site LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET

00024


6

5

7 5. a group of (middle-aged) people drink tea and play mahjong under a tree to avoid sunlight 6. Seeing many birds lying around the site makes me realize this area has a good ecosystem and nature 7. I saw a group of people sitting in plastic chairs and chatting on the market that was closed in the afternoon and an old grandmother who walked towards them and seemed to know each other 8. Guy Walking the dog in the afternoon around the market 9. Random parking

8

9 LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET

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Issues Taiwan Market market issues is influenced by many factors

Selling on the street

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"Mess Traffic bad smell Unhygienic"

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Characteristic of market

Accessible and Central Location All of the markets visited were easily accessible by public transit or private vehicle, and most were located in a city or neighborhood center. Their accessible location provided vendors and shoppers with convenient options for moving goods in and out

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Navigable Aisles Markets displayed varying degrees of aisle navigability, and those with navigable aisles were decidedly more pleasant to visit. market aisles must allow enough room for shoppers to stop and purchase items at a stall, while still leaving room for others to pass by and move along. Appropriate lighting, ventilation, and way-finding also contribute to navigability.

Protection from the weather Most markets provided protection from the w e a t h e r. M a n y w e r e located in buildings or under simple but permanent roof structures. Vendors at outdoor markets nearly always assembled cloth or tarp coverings across the aisles, making the market a viable destination on hot and rainy days alike.

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Broad Selection of Goods With the exclusion of specialty markets devoted to one item (such as fish, for example), offered incredible variety within each goods category and, in most cases, a high number of goods categories too. In other words, there was a vast array of fruit and vegetables types on display, but there were also vendors selling kitchen goods, paper products, clothes, and school supplies. The market was a one-stop-shop. In a market landscape full of options for the consumer, markets must offer a good selection across a variety of goods categories to be competitive.

Prepared Food and Seating Many of the markets visited for this study incorporated the sale of prepared food. Almost without exception, seating for diners was located right in front or to the side of the stall where the food was prepared and sold. In some cases, the market architecture incorporated counters and stools as part of each prepared food vendor’s stall. But, it was also quite common to see prepared food vendors creating their own seating areas. They used chairs, wooden benches, milk crates, and even the tops of coolers for

Integration of Public Space and/or Pedestrian Streets The inclusion of pedestrian streets and open public spaces around the market improves walkability and provides space for socializing and “street appropriation”—the use of street or public space for activities other than permanent commerce, such as outdoor eating and street-vending. These areas establish the market as a community gathering space and encourage customers to linger

Safety Most markets are bustling, crowded places, where people from all walks of life mix together. There is a lot of activity, and money is constantly changing hands. While the markets surveyed generally felt safe, some safety issues remain challenging. Pick pocketing is a common concern. In response, many markets have uniformed security guards on watch. There is also the concern that some degree of “cheating” may occur around transactions, since markets are typically less regulated than a supermarket or formalized store. To combat malfeasance, markets are often equipped with public scales, intended to allow customers to weigh their purchases and verify that the vendor has not shorted them.

Multi-Level Vending there are vendors with established stalls, side by side with those setting up shop on the floor and selling their wares on foot. This variety creates a rich experience for the customer, adding to the excitement of the market atmosphere and providing more options in terms of variety and price of goods. Multi-level vending also lowers barriers of entry for informal entrepreneurs because it allows vendors to participate in the market and sell their goods, even if they cannot afford to rent a formal stall. A tiered vending structure preserves the vibrancy and variety that multi-level vending affords, without the risks and frustrations to vendors and customers.

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COMPREHENSIVE STUDY in tradisonal market we can talk with the sellers, ask them about the goods, the prices of goods or just ask them how they are and talk about the weather like of the day. If you have good relations with the sellers, you can also ask them to discount for the goods or be promoted new products by themselves. They may give you some good advices and necessary information for what you want to know, or there are simply daily conversations between people. Market is a place for people’s communication. All gossips often begin at a market, where always has talkative sellers with their noisy voices. But sometimes you will be disturbed by their invitations with insistence and asked to buy something from their goods, sometimes you will be angry if you just ask without buying anything, and sometimes you will be ignored if their corner is full of customers. Moreover, goods and trades in the markets depend on lot of things such as the weather, sale time or even sellers’ moods. Besides, all markets are started early and ended early too, so that if you want to buy good products or vegetable, meat and other fresh food you have to go as soon as possible. And one of the most important things if you want to buy good products with a real bargain at any market is seeing the sellers’ faces and trying to understand aspect of the situation. Their moods will decide the prices sometimes.

In contrast, in a supermarket, you can enjoy your free time for shopping and relax yourself in smooth melodies without any disturbance from anyone. It is your world. You can even go around, see the goods and buy nothing. Nobody can complain you anything. In hot summer days or cold winter days, big supermarkets are places for walking or jogging. Nowadays, most supermarkets are opened until late and some of them are opened all days without any regular holiday. So, they are becoming more and more convenient for people who don’t have daytime for shopping. And if you are not good at bidding for the prices, supermarkets are your best choice. Beside the efficacies, expiration dates and explanations for using,

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CASE STUDY

Architects BDP Location Croydon, United Kingdom Area 2622.0 m2 Project Year 2016 Awards RIBA London Award 2017

This brilliantly extroverted take on the traditional semi-indoor market,

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the market brings a lively energy to the entrance of East Croydon Station; a stopping point on the path to the new developments along the railway. t is constructed from 96 upcycled shipping containers, arranged in simple plan form on either side of a huge market hall and also facing out onto the surrounding streets. These contain a variety of different sized food and drink businesses

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The tough shipping container aesthetic, with simple, cheap materials such as a PVC roof and basic timber boarding on the upper levels, is entirely in-keeping with its semi-industrial image. Boxpark transform the quality of the retail and leisure offer in Croydon and is expected to draw in customers and new businesses from across the region.

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The central space hosts a multitude of diverse events, from children’s petting zoos to dance festivals organised by local artists. Everyday t a b l e s a n d benches serve the surrounding food and drink outlets. The project is impressive in its diversity of users, crossing a variety of generations and communities. LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET

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Ta i p e i F l o w e r W h o l e s a l e Market The site Located in Neihu, just 20 mins away from downtown Taipei. The total site area is a generous 28,764 sqm. This new flower market aims to unite logistic industry, retail, tourism, and education as a new hub within the city. Contextually, the project is surrounded by logistical industries such as supermarkets and shipping companies. In comparison, the Flower Market requires large semi-open spaces such as loading areas, circulation for different kinds of vehicles, and large multi-use spaces. The design strategy is to lift an urban roof containing required programs to cover the semi-open spaces. This gesture serves to separate pedestrians from vehicles while allowing different activities to happen simultaneously Since visual identity is a main concern of the project

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Program This smaller site is mainly for plant auctions and distribution. The first floor contains 86 retail shops and parking while the second floor accommodates a greenhouse, auction room, distribution space, storage

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Greenhouse Structure Traditional floral greenhouses incorporate lightweight structures with mountain-shaped roofs. However, this is a disadvantage when considering wind resistance and weather durability. To achieve the functions of both greenhouse and international exhibition, the new mountain shapeis reflected in a large- span curtain wall system with efficient drainage. Components of the structure contain tree-shaped columns (21.9 and 32.4 cm in radius), wind resistance support columns with CNC scattered openings, and the curtain wall system roof. Roof beams are supported by the treeshaped columns and hung under the curtain roof. The span and the height of the greenhouse

00040


Space organization separate different zone of selling

GOODS

FRUIT COOK

MEAT

RAW

VEGETABLES

FOOD

what kind of food/goods usually taiwan public market sellings fish meat vegetable fruit clothing blanket bread,cake, mochi,mantou,bun frozen hot pot egg tofu ingredients lemon glass beverage toys fried chicken taiwan dessert handicraft slave ice fibrid

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Space requirements

330.0000

270.0000

340.0000

90.0000

VEGETABLES

320.0000

120.0000

CHICKEN

300.0000

FOOD

290.0000

90.0000

0.0000

270.0000 390.0000

340.0000 330.0000

220.0000

300.0000 90.0000

320.0000

120.0000

FRUIT

270.0000 300.0000

VEGETABLES

270.0000 290.0000

MEAT

270.0000 210.0000

90.0000

0.0000

360.0000

300.0000 390.0000

0.0000

220.0000 300.0000

290.0000

FOOD

GOODS

210.0000

270.0000

270.0000

150.0000 270.0000

GOODS

300.0000

the minimum space according to market analysis

360.0000

0

270.0000

300.0000

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LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET

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3 6

2

5 1

4

GROUND FLOOR PLAN S:1/500

6

5

8

7

9

4 3 2 10 1

9

FIRST BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN

S:1/50


3

4

2

1

SECOND FLOOR PLAN S:1/500

1

1

N

ROOFTOP FLOOR PLAN

00

S:1/500

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OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES

SOLAR PANEL


PROGRAM OFFICE CIRCULATION

455 M2 110 M2

FOOD ZONE OPEN DINING AREA

855 M2 773 M2

CIRCULATION + SERVICE

570 M2 1150 M2 473 M2

OUTDOOR MARKET CIRCULATION + SERVICE TOTAL

4386 M2

OFFICE CIRCULATION CORRIDOR + SERVICE

455 M2 110 M2

REST AREA VEGE ZONE CIRCULATION + SERVICE FRUIT ZONE

336 M2 790 M2 201 M2

CIRCULATION + SERVICE GOODS ZONE CIRCULATION + SERVICE

313 M2

SECOND FLOOR

713 M2

607 M2 364 M2 220 M2 336 M2 185 M2

MEAT ZONE CIRCULATION + SERVICE TOTAL

GROUND FLOOR

5085 M2

658 M2

MEP ROOM PARKING

3599 M2

SERVICE

676 M2 TOTAL

4933 M2

TOTAL AREAS

14.404 M2

BASEMENT FLOOR

SECTION S:1/500

SECTION S:1/500


Reference

http://www.ttfa.com.tw / Dali district farmers association https://www.nownews.com / Now news http://luz.tcd.gov.tw/WEB/default.aspx / Urban planing www.cpami.gov.tw / Construction and planing agency ministry of the interior https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dali_District / Dali district http://www.landezine.com /Case study https://www.archdaily.com / Case study https://www.planetizen.com/node/68364 https://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/climate/monthlyMean/Taiwan_tx.html

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“My ideas was based on trying to improve the environment, increasing life quality considering on lifestyle and behavior“ to create a place where all people from all backgrounds feel welcome and included Ensuring that while beautiful, the Market feels warm, inviting, simple, and modest Using natural beauty Creating spaces within the Market that naturally encourage community gathering and place-making Creating connections to nearby market Making sure there is adequate parking available and easily accessible on site

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THESIS DESIGN  

LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET

THESIS DESIGN  

LEISURE PUBLIC MARKET

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