Page 1


作者序

本書是為了新多益考試入門者,以及沒有辦法掌握好新多益的題目類型、一直處於徬徨狀 態的學習者所編寫的基礎學習用書。入門者若想在一個月內考取 500 分以上的分數,只要 讀完本書的話就一定可以達成,我帶著這樣的信心完成了這本書。 筆者長時間從事教學工作,看到了許多學生因為用了錯誤的學習方式浪費了很多的時間和 精力,因而感到十分心疼又惋惜,心裡總希望若能給這些學習者一點點幫助就好了,因此 才完成了這本集結所有必考重點的用書。 市面上大多數的基礎學習用書不論是聽力或閱讀的內容都太過於龐雜,光是那厚度可能就 會讓考生感到負擔,產生逃避的心理。 因為多益測驗只會出現多益獨有的題目類型,因此只要能好好掌握題型學習的話,就能輕 鬆獲取基本分。因為即使寫了很多題目,但基本功不夠扎實,意即若沒有好好將題目類型 加以理解的話,便會很難提升分數。 本書是以筆者多年的現場教學經驗為基礎,讓讀者能簡單又快速地理解多益測驗的問題類 型,並分別標示出必須熟記的部分和常出的重點,各個章節最後加入符合該章節的題目以 供讀者練習,期望能透過解題加深學習效果。 另外,為了讓讀者好好準備新制的多益測驗,本書也收錄了新增加的文章類型和題目。雖 然考生一開始可能會對於調整過後的題目以及新的文章類型感到不適應,但其實難易度並 沒有調整,因此不需要過度有壓力。只要透過本書反覆練習新增加的題型,就能夠充分應 付改制後的新多益測驗! 學習者透過這本結合聽力和閱讀的學習書,就能熟記新多益測驗中必須知道的發音原理、 常考字彙、句型、表達用語和必考文法,並透過練習模擬題增強應試能力。本書不僅可以 當作補習班的教材,也相當適合在家自修。 實力是在有效率的學習以及努力不懈的練習過程中向上提升的。我確信,若不要只是背誦 題目的答案,而是好好利用本書正確地理解題目的類型和重點,並注意文章的整體脈絡來 學習的話,一定能在一個月內取得好成績。

LORI

2

作者序


目 錄

作者序

2

多益測驗介紹

4

新舊多益測驗比較

7

本書結構

8

20 天學習計畫

12

Listening Comprehension

Reading Comprehension

DAY 01 美式發音和英式發音

16

DAY 01 句子的結構和形式

100

DAY 02 照片描述 (1)

19

DAY 02 名詞

102

DAY 03 照片描述 (2)

23

DAY 03 形容詞

106

DAY 04 照片描述 (3)

26

DAY 04 副詞

110

DAY 05 照片描述 (4)

29

DAY 05 段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (1)

114

DAY 06 應答問題 – Who

33

DAY 06 數量形容詞

116

DAY 07 應答問題 – Where

36

DAY 07 代名詞

121

DAY 08 應答問題 – When

39

DAY 08 段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (2)

125

DAY 09 應答問題 – How

42

DAY 09 被動語態

128

DAY 10 應答問題 – What

45

DAY 10 動詞的連接

131

DAY 11 應答問題 – Why

48

DAY 11 時態

134

DAY 12 假設語氣

138

51

DAY 13 段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (3)

140

DAY 13 應答問題 – 選擇疑問句

54

DAY 14 連接詞

142

DAY 14 簡短對話 (1)

57

DAY 15 比較句

146

DAY 15 簡短對話 (2)

64

DAY 16 段落填空

149

DAY 16 簡短對話 (3)

69

DAY 17 關係代名詞

152

DAY 17 簡短對話 (4)

74

DAY 18 介系詞

155

DAY 18 簡短獨白 (1)

80

DAY 19 閱讀理解 – 單篇 & 詞彙整理

159

DAY 19 簡短獨白 (2)

87

DAY 20 閱讀理解 – 多篇

168

DAY 20 簡短獨白 (3)

92

DAY 12 應答問題 – Yes/No 問句、

附加問句

別冊

答案和解析

目錄

3


多益測驗介紹

• 何謂 TOEIC ? TOEIC 是 Test of English for International Communication 的縮寫,是為了評估非以英文為 母語的人在國際環境下生活或執行業務時的英文能力測驗。目前在韓國、日本等全世界 60 多個國家,每年有 4 百萬名以上的考生參加多益測驗,考試結果運用於僱用與升遷、 選拔海外派遣工作人員等各種目的。

• 測驗方式 多益測驗屬於紙筆測驗,時間為 2 小時,總共有 200 題,全部為單選題,分作兩大部 分:聽力與閱讀,兩者分開計時,各占 495 分,合計 990 分。 測驗

大題

測驗題型

答題方式

題數

1

照片描述

四選一

6

2

應答問題

三選一

25

3

簡短對話

四選一

39

4

簡短獨白

四選一

30

5

句子填空

四選一

30

6

段落填空

四選一

16

閱讀

單篇

四選一

29

理解

多篇

四選一

25

聽力測驗

閱讀測驗 7

4

多益測驗介紹

考試時間

分數

45 分鐘

495 分

75 分鐘

495 分


新舊多益測驗比較

臺灣地區自 2018 年 3 月開始實行的新多益考試,與過往的測驗相比,其差異如下: 聽力測驗

閱讀測驗

1. 總題數不變:聽力 100 題、閱讀 100 題,總共 200 題 2. 總分數不變:聽力 495 分、閱讀 495 分,總分 990 分 維持不變

3. 考試項目不變:聽力考 4 大項、閱讀考 3 大項,總共 7 大項 4. 考試時間不變:聽力考試時間 45 分鐘、閱讀 75 分鐘,總共 2 小時 5. 聽力維持 4 國口音:「美、加、英、澳」四國口音,出題比例各占 25% 1.「照片描述」和「應答問題」的題

1.「句子填空」的題數減少,「段落填

數減少,「簡短對話」的題數增加

空」和「閱讀理解」的題數增加

2. 聽力內容變得更口語化 改制重點

2.「段落填空」新增「句子插入題」

3.「簡短對話」新增「3 人對話」的聽

的出題方式 3.「閱讀理解」新增「即時通訊軟體

力內容 4.「簡短對話」和「簡短獨白」新增

對話」和「3 篇閱讀組合」的閱讀

「圖表題」和「引文題」的出題方

內容,出題方式也新增了「句子插

入題」和「引文題」

多益測驗的改制細節如下: Part

項目

原先題數

新制題數

題型變更

聽力測驗 45 分鐘 1

照片描述

10

6

2

應答問題

30

25

3

簡短對話

30 (3 題 ×10 組 )

39 (3 題 ×13 組 )

4

簡短獨白

30 (3 題 ×10 組 )

30 (3 題 ×10 組 )

•• 加入「3 人對話」的聽力內容 •• 加入「圖表題」和「引文題」 •• 加入「圖表題」和「引文題」

閱讀測驗 75 分鐘 5

句子填空

40

30

6

段落填空

12 (4 題 ×3 篇 )

16 (4 題 ×4 篇 )

單篇閱讀 28

單篇閱讀 29

雙篇閱讀 20

多篇閱讀 25

7

閱讀理解

•• 加入「句子插入題」 •• 加入「即時通訊軟體對話」和 「3 篇閱讀組合」的閱讀內容

•• 加入「句子插入題」和「引文 題」

新舊多益測驗比較

7


本書結構 Listening Comprehension • PART 1 照片描述 • 概要

照片描述 (3)

2

(A)

04-04

(B) (C)

Practice

練習先回答一個例題後 再重新聽一次 4 個選項 並寫下來,另外也有聽 完「True or False」 句 子後,判斷句子和照片 內容是否一致的練習, 如此能夠提升基本的聽 力能力。

(D)

1

(A)

04-01

(B) (C)

Dictation

(D)

請將聽到的四個描述照片的句子寫下來。

04-05

(A)

. 一名男子站在路燈附近。

(B)

Dictation

請將聽到的四個描述照片的句子寫下來。

. 窗戶上寫著一些字。

04-02

(C)

(A)

.

. 在建築物的附近可以看到樹木。

室內的咖啡廳沒什麼客人。

(D)

(B)

.

(C)

.

True or False

廣場人多擁擠。

(D)

. 樹上的花正盛開。

True or False

Basic Expressions

請聆聽關於上面照片的描述,並判斷所描述的句子是否正確。

T 聽力基本表達語 F There are umbrellas at the table.

All the tables are in the shade.

T F

Patrons are waiting in line.

T F

Tables are set up outside.

05-07 PART 1

T F

04-03

1

A woman is mowing the lawn.T 一名女子在割草坪。 F Most of the seats are unoccupied.

2

T F男子在清掃街道。 Umbrellas are being folded. The man is sweeping the street.

3

T 一名男子在擦洗欄杆。 F Some people are seated on the stools. A man is scrubbing the railing.

4

A woman is raking the leaves. 一名女子在掃樹葉。

5

A maid is vacuuming the floor. 一名女士在吸地板。

6

. 一棵矮樹被砍掉了。

位子比客人還多。

和家事 (Housework) 相關的

PART 1

介 紹 Part 1 的 測 驗 內 容與常出題的方式和 類型。

A

Practice

DAY

04

請聆聽關於上面照片的描述,並判斷所描述的句子是否正確。

T F

The building is being painted.

T F

A stairway leads to the ground.

T F

Leaves are falling onto the street.

T F

A building faces the lawn.

T F

A man is trimming branches.

T F

Balconies have been installed.

T F

There is a lamppost near the building.

04-06

[詞彙] near 在∼附近 | street light 路燈 | word 文字 | written 書寫的 | visible 看得到的 | cut down 砍下 ( 樹 )

[詞彙] indoor 室內 | few 少的;幾乎沒有的 | customer 客人 | plaza 廣場 | crowded ( 人 ) 擁擠的 |

| stairway 階梯 | lead to 引導至;導向 | ground 地;地面 | face 面對 | lawn 草坪 | trim 修剪 | branch

in full bloom ( 花 ) 盛開 | shade 蔭 | patron 顧客;客人 | unoccupied 空著的;無人占據的

7

He is watering the plant. 他在澆花。 24 Listening Comprehension She is using a kitchen utensil. 她在使用廚房器具。

8

A woman is doing some work at a table. 一名女子在桌子前面做事。

9

The girl is doing the dishes. 那個女孩在洗碗。

支;樹枝 | install 設置;安裝 | lamppost 路燈 Day 04 照片描述 (3)

25

10 She is wiping off the table top. 她在擦拭餐桌。 11 A boy is taking something out of a refrigerator. 一名男孩正從冰箱拿出東西。 12 She is stirring something in a pot. 她在攪拌鍋內的東西。 13 They are preparing something to eat. 他們在準備吃的食物。

B

和會議 & 演講 (Meeting & Speech) 相關的 1

People are discussing some reports. 人們在討論一些報告。

2

He is addressing the audience. 他在對聽眾演說。

3

He is making a speech to the audience. 他在向觀眾演說。

4

A man is giving a speech. 一名男子在演說。

5

A man is delivering a speech. 一名男子在演說。

6

One man is delivering a presentation. 一名男子在發表。

7

A man is making a presentation. 一名男子在發表。

8

The speaker is gesturing with a hand. 演講者在比手勢。

9

She is speaking into a microphone. 她在對著麥克風說話。

Basic Expressions Part 1 中常出現的題目類型和相關的常考 字彙,熟悉多樣的常考表達語。

10 People are listening to a lecture. 人們在聆聽講座。 11 They have gathered together in a circle. 他們正聚集起來圍成一個圈。 12 People are attending the conference. 人們在參加會議。 13 A man is pointing at the chart. 一名男子正指著圖表。

Day 05 照片描述 (4)

29

• PART 2 應答問題 • 概要 / 類型說明

選擇疑問句是以 A or B? (A 或 B?) 的型態出現,表示兩者選一的疑問句。雖然有的題目可 以從問句的選項找到答案,但有時答案也會出現和問句不同但意思相近的用詞。 ex 題目使用的詞:a morning flight or an evening flight?

選項中出現的其他用詞:early one 特別注意的是,答案也可能是什麼都不選的 Either would be fine. ( 兩者皆可。), It doesn’t matter. ( 哪一個都沒有差別。), Neither, we should find out something else. ( 兩者皆否,我們

13-01

1

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

2

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

3

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

4

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

5

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

6

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

7

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

Mark your answer on your answer sheet.

(A)

(B)

(C)

8

需要找出其他的。) 等用詞。

Q Which section would he like to sit, smoking or non-smoking?

Dictation

請將聽到的問題和回答寫下來。

1

疑問詞 + 名詞 + 助動詞 + 主詞

13-02

? (A)

你想在哪裡發表,中國還是俄羅斯? (A) 兩個都很好。

.

A

He would like to sit at the smoking section.

Q

對應疑問詞 which ( 哪個 ) 的回答 他比較想坐在哪個區域,吸菸區還是禁菸區?

(B) I can give it to you.

(B) 我可以給你那個。

(C) Yes, in the room.

(C) 是的,在房裡。

A

他想坐在吸菸區。

[詞彙] would like to-V 想要∼;希望∼ | give a presentation 發表 | either 兩者其一 | place 地點

Q & A 核心範例

A

2

? (A) Yes, I love it there.

選擇兩者其一,並換個說法的時候

(B)

我們要外帶一份午餐,還是你想要在 自助餐廳吃? (A) 是的,我喜歡那裡。

.

(B) 我厭倦了自助餐的食物了。

(C) I’m almost ready.

˙ I’ll take care of it. 我會處理。

PART 2

介 紹 Part 2 的 測 驗 內 容與「核心 Q&A」。各 單元也都有關於題目 類型的說明和例題。

應答問題 – 選擇疑問句

(C) 我幾乎好了。

˙ I don’t mind waiting. 我不在意等待。

[詞彙] pack 包;包裝 | cafeteria 自助餐廳 | be tired of 厭倦;膩

˙ I want to lead the team this year. 我今年想要領導團隊。 ˙ I’ll stop by to get it. 我將會順道去拿。

B

兩者中無論選擇哪一個都無所謂的時候

3

? (A) I’m fine, thanks.

˙ Either one is fine with me. 不論哪一個都可以。

(B)

˙ Whichever you prefer. 你比較喜歡的那個。

(C) I need to check his e-mail.

˙ It doesn’t matter. 都沒關係。 ˙ It doesn’t make any difference. 不管是哪個都沒有差別。

C

.

你和瑪莉.紐頓聊過了嗎?還是你寄 了電子郵件? (A) 我很好,謝謝。 (B) 事實上,她打了電話給我。 (C) 我需要確認他的電子郵件。

[詞彙] talk to 和 ( 某人 ) 聊天、談話 | actually 實際上;事實上 | give a call 打電話

兩者都不選的時候

˙ Neither. 兩者都不要。 ˙ I haven’t decided. 我還沒決定好。 52

8

本書結構

Listening Comprehension

Practice

Practice

DAY

13

Day 13 應答問題 – 選擇疑問句

53

作答完各單元的 8 個例 題後,練習再聽一次問 題和選項,並寫下所聽 到的內容。


• PART 3·4 簡短對話 / 簡短獨白 • 概要

DAY

14

簡短對話 (1)

介紹 Part 3 & Part 4 的測驗內容,並說明 Part 3 和 Part 4 的解題訣竅,在「Type of Question ( 問題類 型 )」中更整理了 Part 3 和 Part 4 所有的問題類型 和範例。

Part 3 的題型是要先聽完簡短的對話再根據內容依序回答 3 個問題,總共會有 13 個對話內 容以及 39 個問題。對話的主題通常是有關商業的內容或是日常生活中常見、信手拈來的事 件,而對話的種類主要又分為 1 兩人的短對話,2 兩人的長對話,3 三人對話,4 含有 圖表類的對話這 4 種類型。 在 Part 3 中最重要的就是要在對話開始前先看好題目內容。特別是兩人的長對話、三人對 話,以及有圖表題的對話,這些對話來回次數比較多,內容也比較長,所以要掌握細部的 資訊或是整體主旨就會比較麻煩一點,因此,在對話開始之前一定要先看過題目和選項。 在對話中出現的連接詞片語也需要注意,當出現表示和前文內容意思相反的 but, however, actually, in fact 或者是用來整理前面內容和結果的 so, then 的時候,後面很可能就接著解題 的關鍵線索。請務必看清楚題目是問關於男生還是女生的問題。因為有很多考生即使了解 整個對話內容,但因為把男女搞混就答錯的狀況很多,因此必須要先確定題目到底問的是 男生、女生或是第三者,才能有效降低失誤。最後,在對話中出現過的詞,若選項中也出 現完全一樣的,該選項通常都是錯誤答案,而且像這樣利用考生很難記住對話的全部內容 這一點,在選項中故意放入和對話相關的單字以誘導考生掉入陷阱的情況又非常常見,因 此必須要多加注意。 Types of Questions

A

掌握問題類型

詢問對象的問題 把非說話者的第三人,即話題中心人物記起來相當重要,所以考試時也要連同問題 who 後面的內容一起讀,就能確切知道是在問哪個對象。 ˙ Who most likely are the speakers? 說話者最有可能是誰? ˙ Who gave the man an offer? 給男子錄取通知的是誰?

B

詢問時間的問題 解題線索通常在對話的關聯詞或是表示提議的話前後。若是遇到表示肯定的關聯詞 okay, yes,線索會出現在前面的對話;若是遇到表示否定的關聯詞 but, actually 或表示 提議的 How about~? 和 Why don’t we~? 的話,線索則較常出現在後面。 ˙ When is the report due? 報告何時截止? ˙ What time does the staff meeting start? 員工會議幾點開始?

DAY

Day 14 簡短對話 (1)

17

55

簡短對話 (4)

Dictation

請重聽一次播放內容,並寫下關鍵字。

17-02

Questions 1-3 refer to the following conversation and advertisement. W Thanks for

so quickly, James.

M It’s my pleasure. Since the sale is starting tomorrow, I got it done

.

除了要先確定問題之外,了解圖表內容所提供的資訊是很重要的。首先閱讀問題,先知道

W But there’s

問題的關鍵點,以及圖表內容的類型和細節。然後聽完對話之後作答,最後再重複聆聽,

M What is it?

並寫下關鍵字。

W Mr. Stewart told me that the biggest discount we’re allowed to offer is 35%. If we

.

reduce the prices any more, Understanding Questions

請先閱讀問題和廣告,然後聽完對話之後作答。

17-01

.

M All right. I’ll change the ad and then e-mail it to you. W Great. If everything looks fine, I’ll send it to the printer M Sounds good.

Helton’s Clothing Store We have the lowest prices in town.

Warm-up

.

then.

W 謝謝你這麼快完成了廣告,詹姆斯。 M 這是我的榮幸。因為特價明天就開始了,我就盡我所能地快點完成。

Take advantage of our special summer sale:

每個單元都提供了問題類型的介紹和解題技 巧。做完「Understanding Questions」的例題之 後,再聽一次聽力內容,並練習將聽到的關鍵 內容寫下來。

PART 3

Warm-up 暖身活動

W 但是我們有個東西要更動。

˙

Men’s Shirts

25% off

M 什麼東西?

˙

Women’s Blouses

15% off

W 史都華先生告訴我說,我們能給的最大折扣是 65 折,如果我們的價格再降低,我們就

˙

Men’s Shorts

40% off

˙

Women’s Swimwear

35% off

賺不到任何利潤。 M 好的,我會把廣告改好再寄信給你。 W 太棒了,如果看起來都沒問題的話,我就交給印刷廠趕工。 M 聽起來很棒,那我開始工作了。

1

When is the sale going to begin? 3

(A) Today

What is the man going to do next?

(B) Tomorrow

(A) Send an e-mail

(C) This weekend

(B) Call the printer

(D) Next week

(C) Meet with Mr. Stewart

[詞彙] complete 完成;結束 | advertisement 廣告 | quickly 快速地 | reduce 減少 | make a profit 賺取利 潤 | a rush job 急件 | get to work 開始工作

(D) Change the ad 2

Look at the graphic. Which item has an incorrect discount? (A) Men’s shorts (B) Men’s shirts (C) Women’s blouses (D) Women’s swimwear

72

Practice

Day 17 簡短對話 (4)

Listening Comprehension

73

Practice

17-03

Castaway Publishing House 56 E. Broadway Ave., New York PART 3

Deliver To: AAA Books Address: 310 Main St., Miami, FL

4

Item

Quantity

The Last Patriot

40

The Day the World Began

25

The King and His Daughter

15

50 Days at Sea

50

What are the speakers mainly discussing? (A) The recent bestseller list (B) How many books they have sold

1

Where is the woman going?

(C) How to display some books

(A) To a high school (B) To a train station (C) To a library

(D) The need to get more books 5

Look at the graphic. Which item does the man want more of? (A) The Day the World Began

(D) To a restaurant

(B) 50 Days at Sea 2

Look at the graphic. Where is the woman’s final destination?

(C) The Last Patriot

(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4

(D) The King and His Daughter 6

What does the man request that the woman do? (A) Sell some books (B) Speak with a publisher

3

What does the woman want to do next?

(C) Contact a delivery company

(A) Take the bus

(D) Get in touch with an author

Part 3 新增了三人對話的聽力內 容,出題方式也多了「圖表題」 和「引文題」。Part 4 也一樣新 增「圖表題」和「引文題」的出 題方式。此部分藉由練習題馬 上練習剛學習到的內容,並且 透過之後的聽寫練習來加強聽 力能力。

(B) Get something to drink (C) Make a phone call (D) Meet her friend

74

Listening Comprehension

Day 17 簡短對話 (4)

75

本書結構

9


Reading Comprehension • PART 5 句子填空 • 文法

被動語態

※ 主動語態和被動語態的型態和時態

時態

被動語態

現在式 / 過去式 writes / wrote

is written / was written

知道如何使用被動語態和使用時機 知道被動語態的後面不能接受詞 知道不及物動詞沒有被動語態

現在進行式 /

is writing /

is being written /

過去進行式

was writing

was being written

現在完成式 /

has written /

has been written /

過去完成式

had written

had been written

未來式

will write, is going to write will be written, is going to be written

主詞若成為動作的主體,就是表示「某人 ( 或某物 ) 做某事」的主動語態;主詞若成為動 作的對象,就是表示「某人 ( 或某物 ) 被~」的被動語態。被動語態皆是以「be 動詞 + 過 去分詞 (p.p.)」的型態出現,動詞後面不能加上受詞!

2

˙He plays music. 他演奏音樂。< 主動語態 >

確定句子為被動語態的方法

 主詞的 He ( 他 ) 是動詞 play ( 演奏 ) 的主體,也就是行為者的本身,屬主動語態

˙ 及物動詞後面有受詞的話是主動語態,及物動詞後面沒有受詞的話則為被動語態。

˙Music is played by him. 音樂由他演奏。< 被動語態 >

˙ 被 動語態的動詞後面不能直接接名詞 ( 受詞 ),要轉換成「介系詞 + 名詞 / 副詞 / to-V」的型態。

 主詞 Music ( 音樂 ) 是動詞 is played ( 演奏 ) 的對象,屬被動語態

1

主動語態

Objectives

˙The items from India must handle carefully. ( ×)

被動語態的用法

 The items from India must be handled carefully. (○) 印度來的物品要小心處理。 ˙Guests invite to attend an annual company party. ( ×)

第3步

把主動語態的受詞當作 被動語態的主詞。

把主動語態的動詞改成 「be 動詞 + 過去分詞 (p.p.)」的形式。

Practice

 Guests are invited to attend an annual company party. (○) 客人受邀參加年度公司派對。

將主動語態的主詞變 成「介系詞 ( 主要是 by) + 受格 ( 行為者 )」的型態, 並放到句尾。若覺得有無行 為者並不會影響句意的話, 可以將行為者省略。

第2步

第1步

PART 5

每個單元都整理出重 要 的 文 法, 並 且 用 學 習者能夠輕鬆理解的 方式說明必考文法。

DAY

09

3

1

被動語態中使用 by 以外的介系詞的時候

6

The bank is ------- near the office building where you work. (A) locate

˙Employees published revised brochures. 員工們發行了修訂版的冊子。

 Revised brochures were published (by employees). 修訂版的冊子 ( 由員工 ) 發行了。

be pleased with 對∼感到開心

please 使∼開心

(B) locating (C) located

˙The results impressed all the managers. 那個結果讓所有經理們印象深刻。

4

 All the managers were impressed with the results. 所有經理們都對那個結果印象深刻。

(A) conduct (B) are conducting

be satisfied with 對∼感到滿足

satisfy 使∼滿足

be interested in 對∼有興趣

(D) location interest 使∼感到有興趣

be involved in 參加;涉及

involve 使∼參與 2 Before products are ------- to retailers, concern 使∼關心 make sure that they are adequately wrapped.

be concerned about 對∼感到擔心

(C) have conducted (D) be conducted

(A) were arrived (C) arrived (D) has arrived

8

All of the applicants are ------- for the advertised positions.

9

Companies will be ------- to receive a lot of grants from the government.

(A) involved (B) concerned

Day 09 被動語態 123 (B) took place

Reading Comprehension

(C) known

(C) was taken place

(D) qualified

(D) had taken place

4

It seems that all defective merchandise ------- for a full refund. (A) accepts

(C) responsible (D) previous

(D) has accepted

5

收錄了和 Part 5 有關文法的練習題。透過不 斷的實戰練習,能夠更加熟悉多益的題型。 124

(A) detailed (B) pleased

(B) accept (C) will be accepted

Practice

Delegates for a trade fair ------- in Manila ahead of schedule. (B) arrives

(B) shipping 不需要受詞的不及物動詞不能寫成「be 動詞 + p.p.」的形式。常見的不及物動詞有: (C) shipped arrive, rise, appear, happen, occur, take place。 (D) shipment ˙The consumer prices were risen dramatically last month. ( ×)  rise 是不及物動詞 3 The accident ------- on the Atrova ˙ The consumer prices rose dramatically last month. (○) street at the beginning of last week. 消費者物價上個月大漲。 (A) take place

122

7

(A) ship

不及物動詞不能變成被動語態

Interviews will ------- all afternoon and then there will be a small reception.

Please check sales figures before they ------- to the accounting department.

10 Employees who want to be ------- for travel expenses need to submit those receipts.

(A) submits

(A) spent

(B) will submit

(B) informed

(C) submitted

(C) reimbursed

(D) are submitted

(D) requested

Reading Comprehension

• PART 6 段落填空 • Part 6 練習題 Day 16 中 收 錄 了 Part 6 段落填空的練習題, 並加入了新制題型— 「句子插入題」。

Part 6 & Part 7 混合練習題

DAY

16

段落填空

Day 05, Day 08, Day 13 中包含了 Part 6 的 練 習 題 和 Part 7 的 單 篇 閱 讀 理 解 題。

PART 6 Questions 1-4 refer to the following memo. To: All Cleaning Staff From: Eric Devers Date: October 30 Subject: Cleaning Protocol Please let me remind everyone about the cleaning protocol when you are working the night -------. If any employees are working overtime, you should avoid cleaning in their 1 workspaces. Wait until they have gone home for the day. This ------- offices and areas 2 with cubicles. In addition, please try to clean the laboratories first. ------- So if you 3 haven’t cleaned the labs by 4:00 A.M., they may already be occupied. Lastly, please be sure to recycle all metal, glass, plastic, and DAY paper objects instead of ------4

1

them away.

05

(A) time

3

(B) space (C) shift (D) period

2

段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (1)

PART 7 Questions 1-3 refer to the following memo.

PART 6 (A) The labs are open twenty-four hours a day. Questions 1-4 to the following e-mail. (B) refer I’m available anytime you have questions. TO: Randy <randy_s@bascomb.com> (C)Smith Dr. Wilson works in one of the

TO: All Staff Members FROM: Greg Thompson RE: Overtime Work

laboratories. FROM: Ann Harper <ah@bascomb.com> (D) Many researchers come in early in RE: Your Presentation the morning.

(A) includes (B) portrays

DATE: May 25

DATE: July 12 4 (A) throw Randy, (B) thrown

(D) mentions

(C) throwing I was very(D) pleased the presentation you gave this morning. ------- You spoke havingwith thrown 1 very well, and you used some excellent charts and graphs. ------- you left the room, 2 I spoke with the clients for a while longer. They all said that you ------- the problem 3 DayThey 16 段落填空 143 exactly what we are planning to and potential solutions very well. understood

PART 6·7

(C) refers

We have just signed contracts with three new companies. As a result, we are going to be extremely busy for the next couple of months. Currently, the assembly lines are only running from 7 A.M. to 9 P.M. That is going to change as of June 1 though. Starting then, we will be operating all three assembly lines 24 hours a day. For the time being, we do not intend to hire any new workers. Instead, we would like to give everyone the opportunity to work overtime, something we have never done before. — [1] — Each worker is authorized to work up to 20 overtime hours a week. For overtime works, you will be compensated at a rate 150% of your regular salaries. — [2] — If you are interested in working more hours than normal, please speak with your immediate supervisor no later than Thursday, May 28. — [3] — If you have a preference as to when you would like to work overtime, please let your supervisor know. — [4] — We will post every employee’s working hours on the company Web site by 5:00 P.M. on Friday, May 29.

do for them. Thanks to you, they’re ------- not going to cancel the project. So we 4 don’t have to worry about losing that account. Thanks again for all of your assistance. Ann

1

Why was the memo sent? (A) To describe an opportunity

1

(A) The presentation is going to start at ten.

3

(B) I’ll see you in my office later today.

2

(A) So (B) After (C) While (D) Consequently

108

10

本書結構

Reading Comprehension

(B) To announce a new hiring

(B) explained

(C) To discuss a new regulation

(C) have explained

(C) We received a very thoughtful present. (D) The clients were also impressed.

(A) explaining

(D) To explain a payment process

(D) are explaining

4

2 (A) hesitantly (B) possibly (C) definitely (D) always

According to the memo, what is going to happen on June 1? (A) Some contracts will be signed. (B) Overtime work will be permitted.

3

In which of the positions marked [1], [2], [3], and [4] does the following sentence best belong? “Your requests will be taken into consideration when making the work schedule.” (A) [1] (B) [2] (C) [3] (D) [4]

(C) Schedules will be posted. (D) Salaries will be increased. Day 05 段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (1)

109


• PART 7 閱讀理解 • 單篇文章

DAY

19

閱讀理解 – 單篇 & 詞彙整理

Day 19 有 Part 7 單篇文章的閱讀理解的練習題。另 外也收錄了新制測驗內容—「即時通訊軟體對話」 的閱讀題材、引用部分文章的句子並詢問該句意思 的「引文題」、給一個句子並問最適合填入位置的 「句子插入題」。

PART 7 Questions 1-3 refer to the following e-mail. To: Jarvis Cooper <jcooper@gadsdenindustries.com> From: Melanie Harris <melanie.h@tricom.com> Subject: Brochure Request Date: August 23 Dear Mr. Cooper, It was a pleasure to make your acquaintance at the convention in Knoxville last week. — [1] — I was particularly intrigued by the presentation you gave about your company’s products. When I returned to my company, I spoke with my boss about you and your firm. — [2] — Unfortunately, I am no longer in possession of the brochure I received from you. Would it be possible for you to mail several of them to me? — [3] — I’d like to share them with my colleagues. My address is 67 Whitmore Street, Atlanta, GA. Once everyone gets a chance to look at your products, we will connect with you to set up a meeting. — [4] — We are willing to go to Albuquerque. Or, if you have plans to be in the local area, you are welcome to come to our office here. Please let me know how quickly you can send the brochures. I would like to inform my boss of that. Regards,

Melanie Harris Tricom, Inc.

1

3

What is the purpose of the e-mail? (B) To ask for information to be sent

In which of the positions marked [1], [2], [3], and [4] does the following sentence best belong?

(C) To thank a person for attending a convention

“He believes our two companies have the potential to do business.”

(D) To inquire about the terms of a contract

(A) [1]

(A) To set up a meeting

2

(B) [2] (C) [3]

Where most likely is Mr. Cooper’s company located?

(D) [4]

(A) Knoxville

(B) Atlanta

(C) Gadsden

(D) Albuquerque

1 153

Day 19 閱讀理解 – 單篇 & 詞彙整理

詞彙整理 – 名詞 effect 效力;效果

proposal 提案;提議

I felt the effect of the medicine immediately. 我立即感受到藥效。

We will review the proposal and then make a final decision. 我們將會檢討提案並做出最終決定。

raise ( 工資 ) 上漲 Mike in marketing department expects a raise.

attempt 試圖;嘗試

行銷部的麥克期待加薪。

Her attempt to do business with him will succeed soon. 她很快會成功實現與他做生意的企圖。

permission 許可;承認 Employees must get permission from their supervisor.

claim 主張;請求 / file a claim 提出求償

員工們必須得到上司的許可。

Please file your claim with your insurance company. 請向你的保險公司提出求償。

advance 發展;進步;事前 / in advance 事先;事前 Advances in medicine have increased the survival rate for cancer patients. 醫藥的進步增加了癌症病患的存活機率。

單字

The lifeguard gave caution to people in the swimming pool. 救生員警告游泳池內的民眾要注意。

You are advised to register in advance since the course is very popular. 因為那個課程很受歡迎,建議你事先登記。

advantage 優點;有利條件;利用 / take advantage of 利用 The advantage of this house is the ability to save money.

notice 公告;注意

這間房子的優點是能夠省錢。

Until further notice, you’d better wait.

You’d better take advantage of this opportunity.

得到進一步通知前,你最好等待。

按照詞類整理 Part 7 中一定會出現的單字,每 個單字也都有一個例句,可以同時學習單字和 相關例句,不只熟悉常出的單字,也熟悉閱讀 測驗的內容。

caution 注意;小心

你最好妥善利用這次的機會。

alternative 替代;其他方法

description 描述;說明

We came up with some alternatives. 我們提出了幾個替代方案。

We provide a more detailed description of the new product. 我們為新商品提供更詳細的說明。

damage 損傷;損失 Damage to our company image was caused by improper marketing strategies. 不適當的行銷策略造成我們公司形象受損。

agreement 同意;協議 Both parties reached an agreement. 兩方達成協議。

access to ( 有權 ) 使用 He was able to have access to certain information. 他能使用特定的情報。

154

Day 19 閱讀理解 – 單篇 & 詞彙整理

Reading Comprehension

155

多篇文章

Questions 11-15 refer to the following advertisement and e-mails. To: Bill Wester <billwester@deckerconstruction.com> From: Richard Moses <rmoses@homemail.com> Subject: Re: Interview Date: July 18

Work at Decker Construction Decker Construction is the newest construction firm in the state. We specialize in building private residences. We are now hiring people for the following positions:

Dear Mr. Wester,

Architect: will help design homes; must have a four-year degree in Architecture and three years of work experience; creativity is a must; will work in an office and go onsite on occasion; salary is negotiable

Thank you very much for requesting to interview with me. I have heard a lot of positive things about Decker Construction. And I believe I have a lot to contribute to your firm if you hire me.

Carpenter: will work onsite at all times; must have five years of experience as a carpenter; should have a fine eye for detail; will be compensated for overtime work

Unfortunately, I am going to be out of the state from July 26 to July 29. I have a previously scheduled engagement and cannot cancel it. I am available any time before July 26 and any time after July 29. Is there another day that you can arrange to see me?

Driver: will drive heavy machinery, including forklifts and delivery trucks; must have a commercial driver’s license; can be trained to drive some vehicles; paid by the hour

Call Bill Wester at 576-3030 for more information. To learn how to apply for a position, visit our Web site at www.deckerconstruction.com and click on the “Jobs” icon. Decker Construction is an equal opportunity employer.

Regards, Richard Moses

11 What is indicated about Decker Construction? (A) It builds office buildings. (B) It was founded two years ago.

E-Mail Message

(C) It does not discriminate against applicants.

Richard Moses <rmoses@homemail.com> Bill Wester <billwester@deckerconstruction.com>

(D) It has projects in the city’s residential district.

Interview July 17 ▲

Dear Mr. Moses, Thank you for submitting your application packet to Decker Construction. I looked at your résumé and was impressed with your work experience. In addition, your portfolio included a number of creative designs. You did excellent work when you were at McCarthy’s.

12 In the advertisement, the word “compensated” in paragraph 3, line 2 is closest in meaning to (A) paid (B) approved

PART 7

Accountant: will do accounting work in the home office; must have either an associate’s degree in Accounting or three years of experience; must be able to work with a team; salaried position

14 What does Mr. Wester request that Mr. Moses do on July 28?

Day 20 中收錄了 Part 7 的雙篇 閱讀的練習題,也有特別收錄 閱讀三篇文章後回答問題的新 考題。

(A) Make a lunch reservation (B) Contact Mr. Decker (C) Submit his application package (D) Visit Decker Construction

15 What is the purpose of the second e-mail? (A) To negotiate a salary (B) To request more information (C) To reschedule an appointment (D) To cancel a meeting

(C) expected (D) asked

Mr. Decker and I would like to interview you for the open position. We would like for you to come here on Monday, July 28 at 10:00 A.M. The interview will take around two hours to complete. After that, we would like you to have lunch with us and a couple of other members of our team. Please let me know if you are available on this date.

13 For which job did Mr. Moses most likely apply? (A) Accountant (B) Driver

Sincerely,

(C) Architect

Bill Wester Decker Construction

(D) Carpenter ▼

166

Reading Comprehension

Day 20 閱讀理解 – 多篇

167

本書結構

11


20 天學習計畫

請在表中註記已經學習過的內容,完成屬於你自己的學習計畫。   月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

□ Day 1

□ Day 2

□ Day 3

□ Day 4

□ Day 5

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension □ Day 1

□ Day 2

□ Day 3

□ Day 4

□ Day 5

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension   月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

□ Day 6

□ Day 7

□ Day 8

□ Day 9

□ Day 10

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension □ Day 6

□ Day 7

□ Day 8

□ Day 9

□ Day 10

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension   月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

□ Day 11

□ Day 12

□ Day 13

□ Day 14

□ Day 15

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension □ Day 11

□ Day 12

□ Day 13

□ Day 14

□ Day 15

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension   月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

  月   日

□ Day 16

□ Day 17

□ Day 18

□ Day 19

□ Day 20

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Listening

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension □ Day 16

□ Day 17

□ Day 18

□ Day 19

□ Day 20

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension Comprehension 12

20 天學習計畫


Listening Comprehension DAY 01 美式發音和英式發音

DAY 11 應答問題 – Why

DAY 02 照片描述 (1)

DAY 12 應答問題 – Yes/No 問句、附加問句

DAY 03 照片描述 (2)

DAY 13 應答問題 – 選擇疑問句

DAY 04 照片描述 (3)

DAY 14 簡短對話 (1)

DAY 05 照片描述 (4)

DAY 15 簡短對話 (2)

DAY 06 應答問題 – Who

DAY 16 簡短對話 (3)

DAY 07 應答問題 – Where

DAY 17 簡短對話 (4)

DAY 08 應答問題 – When

DAY 18 簡短獨白 (1)

DAY 09 應答問題 – How

DAY 19 簡短獨白 (2)

DAY 10 應答問題 – What

DAY 20 簡短獨白 (3)


DAY

01

美式發音和英式發音

新多益測驗中,通常會用美國、英國、加拿大、澳洲等國家的口音混和出題,但加拿大和 美國的發音很像,澳洲的發音又是混合英式發音和美式發音,因此只需要練習區分美式發 音和英式發音的差異,聽力考試時,就會感到比較熟悉,不會那麼慌張了。 整體來說,英式發音和美式發音比起來,英式發音的口音比較重,連音很少,一節一節的 聽來很有節奏感,而且又因為母音都發得比較短,聽起來速度就會比較快。相反的,美式 發音中,有 r 的發音會比較捲舌;而如果 t 的前面有強母音時,通常會發成接近 [g] 的發 音,所以美式發音通常聽起來都會柔軟得多。那麼,接下來就讓我們來比較一下美式發音 和英式發音的差異吧!

1

母音 A  [@] vs. [F]

01-01

母音 a 的美式發音通常發作 [@] 的音,英式發音的嘴形會張得比較開,發出比較長一 點點,類似 [F] 的音。 註 :[]

14

為國際音標 (IPA) 的長音記號,表聲音拉長。

單字

KK 音標

after

[t@ifR]

ask

[@kh]

basket

[te@khaf]

branch

[eq@nfX]

cast

[h@kf]

chance

[fX@nk]

glass

[vp@k]

grass

[vq@k]

half

[o@i]

pass

[d@k]

path

[d@Z]

plant

[dp@nf]

Listening Comprehension

美式發音

英式發音


2

3

母音 c  [F] vs. [O]

01-02

母音 c 在美式發音中發作 [F] 的音,英式發音則類似 [O] 的音。 單字

KK 音標

bottom

[teFfQm]

box

[eFhk]

college

[thFpagY]

conflict

[thFnipahf]

doctor

[tgFhfR]

job

[gYFe]

lock

[pFh]

lot

[pFf]

novel

[tnFjp]

not

[nFf]

obvious

[tFejaQk]

polish

[tdFpaX]

pot

[dFf]

rod

[qFg]

top

[fFd]

美式發音

英式發音

母音 + 子音 q  [P] / [R] / [q] vs. []

01-03

在美式發音中,不管子音 q 在哪個位置都會發音,所以 q 和前面的母音字母合起來發 音時,會變成捲舌音 [P] 或較弱的捲舌音 [R],或者有時會單獨發出 [q]。英式發音則 是在母音後面的 q 不發音,即不捲舌,但當它為重音節時,前面的母音會稍微拉長發 音。 單字

KK 音標

bird

[ePg]

container

[hQntfTnR]

curb

[hPe]

door

[gcq]

important

[amtdOqfzf]

report

[qatdcqf]

turn

[fPn]

美式發音

英式發音

Day 01 美式發音和英式發音

15


4

強母音 + f + 弱母音 / 子音 p  [g] vs. [f]

01-04

子音 f 若是出現在強母音或弱母音中間,或是強母音和子音 p 之間的話,美式發音 [f] 會變成濁音,變得比較像 [g] 的發音,但英式發音的話就還是發相同的音。 單字

KK 音標

better

[teUfR]

bottle

[teFfp]

city

[tkafa]

little

[tpafp]

patio

[tdFfauc]

settle

[tkUfp]

water

[trFfR]

Listen and Compare

美式發音

請聽以下句子,並比較美式發音和英式發音。

1

He is operating a photocopier in the office.

2

A motorcycle is parked on a driveway.

3

A cook is touching the lid of a pot.

4

Can you check the schedule instead of me?

5

A refrigerator is located by the door.

6

What’s the weather forecast for tomorrow?

7

I like the theater across the street.

8

Did Lora ask why the order was late?

9

What is he currently working on?

10 The doctor suggested walking rather than driving.

16

Listening Comprehension

英式發音

01-05


DAY

02

照片描述 (1)

Part 1 是有關照片描述的問題,總共會有 6 題,包含人物描述照片 3 ~ 4 題、事物或風景 描述照片 2 ~ 3 題。人物照片中,最重要的是要掌握好表示行為的動詞;事物照片則是需 要注意表示事物的名稱和位置的介系詞。

A

人物照片

˙ The man is examining the bottle. 男子在檢查瓶子。

˙ The man is bending over his bag. 男子正彎腰對著他的背包。

B

事物或風景照片

˙ She is sitting at her desk. 她正坐在桌子前。

˙ She is sitting on her desk. 她正坐在桌子上。

˙ He is running toward the building. 他正跑向那棟建築。

˙ The globe is located beside the desk. 地球儀在桌子旁邊。

˙ The car is being inspected in the garage. 車庫內正在檢查車子。

其他 under 在∼下面

next to 在∼旁邊

near 在∼附近

into 進入

onto 到∼之上

必須要注意直述句的時態。首先,必須小心以過去式或未來式出現的直述句不能成為 Part 1 照片描述問題的答案,並且要會區分表示現在動作的時態 ( 現在式 / 現在進行式 ) 以及表示現在狀態的時態 ( 現在完成式 )。一起來熟悉下列考試中常出現的時態吧! 

be V-ing 在做∼

They are waiting in line for tickets. 他們為了買票在排隊。 They are watching big fish. 他們在看大魚。 

There is/are + 名詞 + V-ing 在做某事;有∼ There is a man relaxing by the statue. 有名男子在雕像旁邊休息。 There are boats floating on the water. 有些船正漂浮在水上。

have/has p.p. ( 以人為主詞 ) 已經做過∼ / ( 以事物為主詞 ) ∼的狀態

The woman has put a bag at her feet. 女子把背包放在腳下。 Cars have stopped at the traffic light. 車子在紅燈時停下來。 

have + 事物 + p.p. 使 ( 事物 ) 被 Some people are having their picture taken. 有些人在拍照。 A woman is having her temperature taken. 一名女子在量體溫。 Day 02 照片描述 (1)

17


Practice

1

(A)

02-01

(B) (C) (D)

Dictation

請將聽到的四個描述照片的句子寫下來。

02-02

(A) 

.

一名女子在外送披薩。

(B) 

.

一名女子戴著帽子。

(C) 

.

一名女子拿著紙杯。

(D) 

.

一名女子在發送文件。

True or False

請聆聽關於上面照片的描述,並判斷所描述的句子是否正確。

02-03

T F A woman is wearing a watch. T F A woman is setting napkins on the table. T F The women are handling a box. T F A woman is wearing a scarf. T F A man is reading something. T F A woman is stirring some food. T F They are seated next to each other.

[詞彙] deliver 運送;遞送 | wear 穿;戴 | hold 抓住;握住 | paper cup 紙杯 | hand out 發送 | papers 文件;資料 | watch 手錶 | handle 使用;操作 ( 工具等 ) | stir 攪拌 | seated 坐著的 | next to 在∼旁邊 |

each other 彼此;互相

18

Listening Comprehension


(A)

02-04

(B) (C) (D)

Dictation

請將聽到的四個描述照片的句子寫下來。

02-05

(A) 

.

長椅位在草坪中央。

(B) 

.

他們在圖書館裡念書。

(C) 

.

教授在講課。

(D) 

.

有些人站在草坪上。

True or False

請聆聽關於上面照片的描述,並判斷所描述的句子是否正確。

02-06

T F The woman has her legs crossed. T F One woman is mowing the lawn. T F One of the men is cutting down a tree. T F There are people sitting outdoors. T F There are people reading on a bench. T F A man is looking at a screen. T F They are lying on a bench.

[詞彙] in the middle of 在∼的中間 | lawn (=grass) 草坪 | library 圖書館 | lecture 講課 | mow 割 ( 草坪 ) |

outdoors 在戶外 | lie 躺 Day 02 照片描述 (1)

19

PART 1

2


Basic Expressions 聽力基本表達語

A

和人物 (People) 相關的

1

A woman is admiring a flower. 一名女子在欣賞一朵花。

2

The waitress is wearing a necklace. 女服務生戴著一條項鍊。

3

He is putting on a jacket. 他在穿夾克。

4

A man is walking past a sign. 一名男子正走過一個指示牌。

5

She is covering her head with a scarf. 她的頭上蓋著一條頭巾。

6

The couple is leaning against the brick wall. 那對情侶靠在磚牆上。

7

They are facing each other. 他們正面對彼此。

8

A woman is standing behind a counter. 一名女子正站在櫃枱後面。

9

Tourists are taking their picture. 觀光客們在照相。

10 A man is posing for a picture. 一名男子在擺姿勢照相。

11 Two men are shaking hands. 兩名男子在握手。

12 People are playing musical instruments. 人們在演奏樂器。

13 A mechanic is working on a tire. 一名技師在處理輪胎。

14 A man is rowing a boat. 一名男子在划船。

15 One woman is resting on the steps. 一名女子在階梯上休息。

16 Some people are walking along the path. 有些人正沿著小路走。

17 A boy is riding a bike. 一名男孩在騎腳踏車。

18 A girl is feeding the birds. 一名女孩在餵鳥。

B

和事物 (Objects) 相關的

1

The bridge is reflected in the river. 橋倒映在河上。

2

The building is overlooking the lake. 建築物俯瞰湖面。

3

The road has been covered with snow. 道路被雪蓋住。

4

Notices are posted on the board. 公告貼在布告欄上。

5

Several boats are tied up at the dock. 幾艘船被繫在船塢。

6

The boat floats on the water. 船漂浮在水上。

7

The houses are built in a similar style. 房子建造成相似的造型。

8

Jewelry has been packed in a gift box. 珠寶裝在禮物盒裡。

9

Vehicles are parked in a row. 車輛停成一排。

10 The elevator is out of order. 電梯故障。

20

Listening Comprehension

02-07


Reading Comprehension DAY 01 句子的結構和形式

DAY 11 時態

DAY 02 名詞

DAY 12 假設語氣

DAY 03 形容詞

DAY 13 段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (3)

DAY 04 副詞

DAY 14 連接詞

DAY 05 段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (1)

DAY 15 比較句

DAY 06 數量形容詞

DAY 16 段落填空

DAY 07 代名詞

DAY 17 關係代名詞

DAY 08 段落填空 & 閱讀理解 (2)

DAY 18 介系詞

DAY 09 被動語態

DAY 19 閱讀理解 – 單篇 & 詞彙整理

DAY 10 動詞的連接

DAY 20 閱讀理解 – 多篇


DAY

01

句子的結構和形式 Objectives 了解句子構成的基本要素 了解句子為何會有不同的形態 了解英文句型與不同動詞的使用方式

英文句子的基本構成要素有主詞、動詞、受詞以及補語。主詞因為是動作和狀態的主體, 所以也是整個句子的主體,動詞則是用來說明主詞的動作和狀態。受詞是動詞產生動作的 對象,補語則用來補充說明主詞和受詞。

1

句型一:主詞 + 不及物動詞 + [ 副詞 ] 僅用不及物動詞本身來傳達主詞的意思,動詞後面不需要接受詞,動詞後面則常有副 詞來修飾動詞。

˙The new employee works hard. 那位新進職員很認真工作。

˙Profits increased steadily last year. 去年的利潤穩定增加。

2

句型二:主詞 + 連綴動詞 (be, remain, get, become) + 補語 ( 形容詞 / 名詞 ) 連綴動詞是不完全不及物動詞,不完全的意思是指動詞後面要有補充說明主詞的補 語,也就是修飾主詞的形容詞或是和主詞有同位關係的名詞。這類動詞主要是 be 動 詞,表示「是~」以及「~的狀態」的意思。和 be 動詞有相似用法的動詞有 remain, get, become 等。

˙The serious problem was difficult to solve. 這個嚴重的問題很難解決。  形容詞 difficult 用來形容 problem 的狀態。

˙The company’s products remain competitive. 這間公司的產品依舊有競爭力。  形容詞 competitive 用來形容 products 的狀態。

˙The famous speaker is our supervisor. 那位有名的演講者是我們的上司。  be 動詞後面接的名詞 supervisor 用來表示和主詞的同位關係。

94

Reading Comprehension


3

句型三:主詞 + 及物動詞 + 受詞 及物動詞的後面必須接受詞。受詞可以是名詞、代名詞、名詞子句、動名詞 (V-ing)、 不定詞 (to-V)。由於大多數的動詞都可用作及物動詞和不及物動詞,因此只能當作及 物動詞使用的動詞必須要特別背誦。 ˙ The managers are discussing the sales figures. 經理們在討論銷售數字。 ˙ The sales report shows that our company is going bankrupt. 這份銷售報告顯示我們公司即將破產。  show 是及物動詞,表示「顯示∼」的意思,後面接的 that 子句是名詞子句,作為動詞的受 詞。

4

句型四:主詞 + 授予動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞 授予動詞通常解釋為「給某人 ( 間接受詞 ) 某物 ( 直接受詞 )」,間接受詞和直接受詞 是授予的對象。授予動詞包括 offer ( 提供 )、grant ( 給予 )、bring ( 帶~來 )、present ( 提出 )、lend ( 借~給 ) 等。

˙I will give an outstanding employee an award. 我將頒獎給優秀員工。

˙The store sent us a number of receipts. 那間商店給了我們許多收據。 間接受詞和直接受詞的位置可以調換。 授予動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞  授予動詞 + 直接受詞 + 介系詞 (to)+ 間接受詞

˙Our company will offer employees apartments. 間接受詞

.

直接受詞

 Our company will offer apartments to employees.

.

直接受詞 + 介系詞 + 間接受詞

5

句型五:主詞 + 及物動詞 + 受詞 + 受詞補語 ( 形容詞 ) 這是說明受詞狀態的受詞補語接在受詞後面的句型。其中受詞補語最常以形容詞的形 態出現。

˙Last month’s bonuses made me happy. 上個月的獎金讓我感到很開心。

˙We should keep our office clean at all times. 我們應該一直保持辦公室的整潔。

Day 01 句子的結構和形式

95


DAY

16

段落填空

PART 6 Questions 1-4 refer to the following memo. To: All Cleaning Staff From: Eric Devers Date: October 30 Subject: Cleaning Protocol Please let me remind everyone about the cleaning protocol when you are working the night -------. If any employees are working overtime, you should avoid cleaning in their 1 workspaces. Wait until they have gone home for the day. This ------- offices and areas 2 with cubicles. In addition, please try to clean the laboratories first. ------- So if you 3 haven’t cleaned the labs by 4:00 A.M., they may already be occupied. Lastly, please be sure to recycle all metal, glass, plastic, and paper objects instead of ------4 them away.

1 (A) time (B) space

3 (A) The labs are open twenty-four hours a day.

(C) shift

(D) period

(B) I’m available anytime you have questions.

(C) Dr. Wilson works in one of the laboratories.

(D) Many researchers come in early in the morning.

2 (A) includes (B) portrays

(C) refers

(D) mentions

4 (A) throw (B) thrown

(C) throwing

(D) having thrown

Day 16 段落填空

143


Questions 5-8 refer to the following advertisement. Murray’s Furniture Store is having our annual sale this coming weekend. It’s going to last from Friday morning until Sunday night. ------- that time, all items in the store will 5 be on sale. Sofas and beds will be discounted up to 40%. Chairs, tables, and dressers will be selling at ------- of 20-50%. We’ll also provide free delivery in the Talladega area. All you 6 need to do is spend $250 or more. For more information, call us at 235-9543. ------7 Take ------- of this opportunity to redo your entire house. You won’t find a better deal 8 anywhere else.

5 (A) While (B) During

7 (A) Or just visit us at 459 W. Stanton Street.

(C) Since

(D) Instead

(B) Ask how you can get your furniture delivered for free.

(C) This going-out-of-business sale will be our biggest ever.

(D) We only accept orders that are made online.

8

(A) advantage

6 (A) discountable (B) discounting

(C) discounts

(D) discounted

144

Reading Comprehension

(B) benefit

(C) gain

(D) improvement


DAY

19

閱讀理解 – 單篇 & 詞彙整理

PART 7 Questions 1-3 refer to the following e-mail. To: Jarvis Cooper <jcooper@gadsdenindustries.com> From: Melanie Harris <melanie.h@tricom.com> Subject: Brochure Request Date: August 23 Dear Mr. Cooper, It was a pleasure to make your acquaintance at the convention in Knoxville last week. — [1] — I was particularly intrigued by the presentation you gave about your company’s products. When I returned to my company, I spoke with my boss about you and your firm. — [2] — Unfortunately, I am no longer in possession of the brochure I received from you. Would it be possible for you to mail several of them to me? — [3] — I’d like to share them with my colleagues. My address is 67 Whitmore Street, Atlanta, GA. Once everyone gets a chance to look at your products, we will connect with you to set up a meeting. — [4] — We are willing to go to Albuquerque. Or, if you have plans to be in the local area, you are welcome to come to our office here. Please let me know how quickly you can send the brochures. I would like to inform my boss of that. Regards,

Melanie Harris Tricom, Inc.

1 What is the purpose of the e-mail?

(A) To set up a meeting

(B) To ask for information to be sent

3 In which of the positions marked [1], [2], [3], and [4] does the following sentence best belong?

(C) To thank a person for attending a convention

“He believes our two companies have the potential to do business.”

(D) T  o inquire about the terms of a contract

(A) [1]

(B) [2]

(C) [3]

(D) [4]

2 Where most likely is Mr. Cooper’s company located?

(A) Knoxville

(B) Atlanta

(C) Gadsden

(D) Albuquerque Day 19 閱讀理解 – 單篇 & 詞彙整理

153


1

詞彙整理 – 名詞 effect 效力;效果 I felt the effect of the medicine immediately. 我立即感受到藥效。

raise ( 工資 ) 上漲 Mike in marketing department expects a raise. 行銷部的麥克期待加薪。

permission 許可;承認 Employees must get permission from their supervisor. 員工們必須得到上司的許可。

advance 發展;進步;事前 / in advance 事先;事前 Advances in medicine have increased the survival rate for cancer patients. 醫藥的進步增加了癌症病患的存活機率。

You are advised to register in advance since the course is very popular. 因為那個課程很受歡迎,建議你事先登記。

notice 公告;注意 Until further notice, you’d better wait. 得到進一步通知前,你最好等待。

alternative 替代;其他方法 We came up with some alternatives. 我們提出了幾個替代方案。

damage 損傷;損失 Damage to our company image was caused by improper marketing strategies. 不適當的行銷策略造成我們公司形象受損。

access to ( 有權 ) 使用 He was able to have access to certain information. 他能使用特定的情報。

154

Reading Comprehension


Listening Comprehension DAY

02

Practice 1 (C)

照片描述 (1) p.018

DAY

1 (A) (A) A woman is delivering a pizza. (B) A woman is wearing a hat. (C) A woman is holding a paper cup. (D) A woman is handing out papers.

True or False T F F T T F T

(A) The bench is in the middle of the lawn. (B) They’re studying in the library. (C) The professor is lecturing the class. (D) Some people are standing on the lawn.

True or False

F

女子雙腿交叉。 一名女子在割草。 其中一名男子在砍樹。 一些人坐在戶外。 一些人坐在長椅上閱讀。 一名男子正看著螢幕。 他們躺在長椅上。

2

Listening Comprehension

F F T T T

照片描述 (2) p.021

03-01~06

2 (B)

1

(A) They are taking a stroll in the park. (B) They’re trying to park their cars. (C) Everyone is walking on the grass. (D) The path is straight.

True or False F

一名女子戴著一支錶。 一名女子在桌子上放置餐巾。 女子們在處理一個箱子。 一名女子圍著領巾。 一名男子在閱讀。 一名女子在攪拌一些食物。 他們坐在彼此旁邊。

2

T

Practice

02-01~06

2 (D)

1

03

T F F F T F

她在街上工作。 人們沿著人行道走。 兩個人錯身而過。 男子在長椅上打盹。 情侶正跑向樹林裡。 一名女子在遛狗。 一隻狗在追那對情侶。

2

(A) The counter top is empty. (B) He’s filling the cup. (C) He’s drinking a cup of tea. (D) He’s serving a customer.

True or False T F T F F T F

男子穿著圍裙。 男子在穿圍裙。 男子在倒東西。 男服務生在端盤子。 瓶子放在架子上。 男子在櫃枱工作。 男子正把鏡子裝在架子上。


Reading Comprehension DAY

02

Practice

p.99

1 (C) 6 (B)

3 (D) 8 (C)

2 (D) 7 (D)

5 很抱歉提醒你,我們尚未從登記處收到任何的

名詞

書面確認書。

4 (C) 5 (C) 9 (D) 10 (B)

1 這個手冊提供了正確使用新微波爐的說明。 解析

詞彙

空 格 要 填 入 用 來 當 及 物 動 詞 provides 的 受 詞, 因 此 應 該 填 入 名 詞。 手 冊 提 供 的 是 和 使 用 產 品 有 關 的「 說 明 」, 所 以 空 格 應 填 instructions。 manual 手冊;指南 | provide 提供 | operate 操作 | microwave oven 微波爐 | properly 適當地;恰當地 | instruct 教導; 教育 | instructor 講師;教師 | instruction 說明;教育 | instructional 指導的;教育的

2 勞工被要求在工地要穿防護衣。 解析

空格後面出現動詞 wear 的受詞 clothes,因 此空格應填入修飾名詞 clothes 的形容詞。

詞彙

be required to-V 被要求做∼ | wear 穿戴 | clothes (= clothing) 衣服;衣料 | construction site 工地

3 這兩台影印機看起來沒有太大差異。 解析

there is 後面必須有當作主詞的名詞,形容詞 considerable 後面也只能接名詞。

詞彙

look like 看起來像 | considerable 相當的 | photocopier 影印機 | different 不同的 | differentiate 區分 | differ from 和∼不同 | difference 不同處;差異點

4 當訪客要進來這棟建築時必須提交身分證件。 解析

介系詞 of 後面要接名詞。選項是名詞的有 identification 和 identity,根據上下文,a form of ( ∼的形式 ) 後面要接 identification ( 身分證 件 )。

詞彙

present 提出;提交 | identify 識別 | identification 身分證 ( 件 ) | identity 身分

24

Reading Comprehension

解析

及物動詞 received 後面要加受詞,空格前面 的 形 容 詞 written 後 面 要 加 名 詞, 因 此 選 擇 confirmation。

詞彙

remind 提醒;使想起 | written 書面;寫成 文字的 | registration 登記;註冊 | confirm 確認 | confirmation 確認

6 關於汙染程度的最新調查結果將會馬上發表。 解析

句 中 沒 有 主 詞, 因 此 必 須 找 到 可 以 和 research 組成複合名詞並成為主詞的名詞。

詞彙

research result 調查結果;研究結果 | pollution 汙染 | publish 發表;出版 | immediately 立即;馬上 | result in 導致; 造成

7 配合我們公司的需求,研究員設計了新的電腦 系統。 解析

空格是放主詞的位置,因此 (C) 的動詞優先被 剔除。由於要成為動詞 designed ( 設計 ) 的 主體必須要是人,所以 (D) 最適合。

詞彙

design 設計 | suit 適合 | needs 需求;必要 性 | researcher 研究員

8 由於天氣惡劣,昨天下午所有飛往菲律賓的航 班都被取消了。 解析

介系詞後面出現作為受詞的名詞片語,因此 要選 (C),以組成表示「天氣狀況」的複合名 詞。

詞彙

cancel 取消 | qualification 資格 | approval 批准;許可 | condition 情況 | analysis 分析

9 欠缺有經驗的銷售員會損害整體銷售收益。 解析

可以寫成「a + 名詞 + of + 名詞」型態的選 項有 variety ( 多樣性 ) 和 lack ( 短缺 ),較符 合句意的是 lack。

詞彙

experienced 富有經驗的 | representative 代表 | harm 損害 | overall 全部的;全面的 | earnings 收益 | emphasis 強調 | variety 多 樣性 | security 安全 | lack 不足

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