Issuu on Google+

Photographer: Mark Le Grange

Photographer: Mark Le Grange


regulars 4


















natural nutrition 32 WHAT'S OFF THE PREGNANCY MENU By Patrick Holford

Coo s cornk’ er

36 FEASTING WITH THE SEASONS – autumn By Daniel Jardim


50 CHILDHOOD ILLNESSES – a development challenge for life By Dr Raoul Goldberg


improving health 60 ARTHRITIS – the agony & answers By Natasha Bolognesi



By Rev Dr Alex Niven

42 RECIPES Stuffed mushrooms Baked pear JUICING CORNER 44 KIDS' STUFF By Jason Vale

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family health




natural remedies 82 BURDOCK ROOT By David Wolfe

natural living 92 WATER – the staff and stuff of life

mind, body and soul

natural therapies


100 FELDENKRAIS By Mariëlle Renssen

By Glenn Ashton

84 REISHI – the king of herbs By Daleen Totten


By Dr John Demartini



By Daleen Totten


on our cover











Dr Hal Huggins


page 10 MARCH 2016

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Our ÀOPLQJ Last month we introduced our new Cook’s Corner columnist and chef, Daniel Jardim and this month we had our first film shoot! This was done in collaboration with Pixelfoundry and Capture Guru (a soon-to-be launched YouTube channel). While Daniel was preparing the recipes (see pages 39 to 40), we filmed the demonstration. So when you subscribe via Magzster or Mysubs, you will be able to click on a link on the recipe page and watch him come to life! We will also share links to the videos monthly on Facebook – so make sure you like our page. A huge thank you to Andrea and Kobus from Artemis in Franschhoek, for having us film at

Artemis – venue for our film shoot

ns View online:

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their beautiful venue. Artemis caters for small functions (max 40 people) and there are two self-catering cottages on the property. For enquiries contact Kobus on: 074 1444 999 or visit I would like to congratulate our Fitness Corner expert Ian Craig on the publication of his new book Wholesome Nutrition. It is a must read (see our review on page 30 and his article on Collagen, page 72). For parents with young children, please read the educational article on Childhood Illnesses by Dr Raoul Goldberg (page 50). To block and stop these illnesses may be a mistake. They

play a valuable role in development during childhood. And now I would like to introduce you to (drumroll...) our new monthly yoga columnist Sharni Quinn! She is also our cover girl and some of you may remember my review of her book Follow the Sun (page 40, issue 128). Sharni will inspire you to follow the sun with her and Transform Your Life With Yoga (see article on page 104). Starting with this issue, we will run a series of articles on water from the resource under threat perspective (see the valuable contribution by Glenn Ashton on page 92) to water filtres and bottled water. As we know, being well hydrated increases the strength of our immune system and we can all do with a boost before winter! The challenges with water are not only the shortages we face here in South Africa but also the purity. How lucky is Iceland where all tap water is natural spring water!

I l ve it FITMARK - THE BOX MEAL BAG Meal prep has never been as easy, organized or efficient as it is with Fitmarks ‘Diet & Meal Management’ bag solutions. They are well designed to be easy to transport, clean and carry, and are made of exxcellent ll li quality nylon or neoprene. Som me styles sport cool packs and p patented shaker bottles. With varieties to cover school lunches, gym m sustenance as well as backpacck travel, you are sure to find a Fitmark meal bag to suit your needs.

Follow me on Twitter @DaleenTotten

Cinematographer Sean Ackermann (Pixelfoundry)

On assignment with photographer Malcolm Dare (for Capture Guru)

We filmed the co nversation abou t our new collabroa tive adventure. To view, click here if you are reading this online. Alternatively subs cribe via Magzste r to watch these clip s.

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about us


PUBLISHER Natural Medicine is published monthly by DREAMCATCHER PUBLICATIONS CC


Dr Ameet Aggarwal

Prof Majid Ali




Jacky Bloemraad-De Boer

Arjan Bogaers

Dr Bernard Brom

Brian Clement





Ian Craig

Beryn Daniel

Chantal Deacon Daniel

Dr Melodie de Jager



Heidi du Preez

Dr Les Emdin

Paul Bergner

Prof Rashid Bhikha

RETAIL DISTRIBUTION Call centre 0861 888 989

If you cannot find Natural Medicine on the shelf, please email or call her on 021 880 1444 CHARITY OF CHOICE Goedgedacht Trust – where rural children come first

SUBSCRIPTIONS For subscriptions, renewals and gift subscriptions, please refer to page 70. Special subscription offer on 12 issues for delivery within South Africa. This offer expires on 25 April 2016. Neighbouring and overseas subscribers: Please refer to our website For queries, e-mail:

Klaus Ferlow

Ann Gadd



Patrick Holford

Aimee Hughes

DISCLAIMER The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the editor, sponsors or publisher. While every effort has been made to ensure that the contents of this publication are both accurate and truthful, the publisher and editor accept no responsibility for inaccurate or misleading information that may be contained herein. The publisher and editor do not promote or endorse any of the products or services advertised in this publication. Advertisers

Dr Raoul Goldberg

Dr Elson M Haas




Daniel Jardim

Dr David Jockers

Hannah Kaye


are responsible for their own advertisements. Be sure to consult your doctor before you embark on any self-medication programme. Holistic remedies can be potent.

COPYRIGHT Natural Medicine is protected under the Copyright Act. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced by any means without permission in writing from


Dr Frances le Roux


the publisher.

Stefan Maritz

Kath Megaw @Nutripaeds

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Dr Connie Meyer @herbrealm

Dr Frank MĂźller @IntegrowZA

about us EXPERTS phone 021 880 1444 email Natural Medicine Magazine @Natmedmagazine

Rev Dr Alex Niven

Dr David Nye

Dr Sandi Nye


Sharni Quinn


Robyn Sheldon

Dr Lynette Steele

Dr Michael Tierra






Jason Vale



Dr Arien van der Merwe

Dr Geert Verhelst




David Wolfe @DavidWolfe

Mandy Young @swimwitdolphins

EDITORIAL BOARD Dr Ameet Aggarwal, Prof Majid Ali, Paul Bergner, Prof Rashid Bhikha,

Contributors in this issue

Jacky Bloemraad-De Boer, Arjan Bogaers, Dr Bernard Brom, Brian Clement, Ian Craig, Beryn Daniel, Chantal Deacon Daniel, Dr Melodie de Jager, Heidi du Preez, Dr Les Emdin, Klaus Ferlow, Ann Gadd, Dr Raoul Goldberg, Dr Elson Haas, Patrick Holford, Aimee Hughes, Dr David Jockers, Hannah Kaye, Dr Frances le Roux, Stefan Maritz, Kath Megaw, Dr Connie Meyer, Dr Frank Müller, Rev. Dr Alex Niven, Dr David Nye, Dr Sandi Nye, Sharni Quinn, Margaret Roberts, Robyn Sheldon, Dr Lynette Steele, Dr Michael Tierra, Mark Timon, Jason Vale, Dr Arien van der Merwe, Dr Geert Verhelst, Prof

Glenn Ashton

Natasha Bolognesi

Dr John Demartini

Doreen Virtue, Dr Alta Vogel, David Wolfe and Mandy Young

Mariëlle Renssen

Natural Medicine is dedicated to providing information to practitioners and the general public interested in all aspects of healthy living. Articles are written objectively by professionals with practical experience in their subjects. Although advertisements are placed within articles, the authors do not necessarily endorse those products. Jeanne van Zyl

MISSION STATEMENT Our aim at Natural Medicine is to integrate the most successful approaches to health maintenance, disease prevention and the treatment of chronic ill health. Health maintenance and disease prevention must include care of the environment, the land, the water and the air.

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AUTH O R GI F T S Our authors do not receive any financial reward for their considerable efforts in contributing to Natural Medicine. They are motivated solely by generosity of spirit and a passion to further the cause of healthy living. A warm thanks to the companies listed below, for sponsoring gifts for our authors.

DOWN TO EARTH REVIVE MOISTURISER Revive Moisturiser, with African Potato extract, is a day and night cream formulated to protect and restore weakened, sensitised or mature skin. It delivers moisture and nutrients to the skin, soothes sensitivity and minimises blemishes.

RAIN –CREATED FOR LIVING Prepare your skin for autumn with our Marula Aloe Cream Scrub. It is soft on the skin and is made from crushed marula nuts which makes it organic and wild harvested. Follow your cleansing scrub with our Aloe Therapy cream or lotion, and feel the goodness of Aloe smooth and soften while leaving your skin feeling nourished and moisturised.

LAVISH SWEET DREAMS NIGHT CREAM Fall in love with the night and Lavish Sweet Dreams Intensive Night Cream with Honeybush and Shea Butter. It hydrates deeply while repairing damage, strengthening skin and preventing ageing. The sweet fragrance is what dreams are made of… Lavish – smart and sassy natural goodness!

ESSE PROBIOTIC SKINCARE This pH-balanced, probiotic enriched, cream cleanser has been formulated to minimize irritation to sensitive skin while still removing make-up effectively. Ultra-mild organic ingredients leave the skin calm and comfortable.


BLOUBLOMMETJIES DISHWASHING LIQUID Certified organic with ingredients farmed and cultivated locally, using biodynamic (Demeter) methods. Safe for all grey water systems – wash water can run directly onto the garden. Now packaged in a fully degradable metal can.

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MONTAGU DRIED FRUIT AND NUTS The Montasatie is a fruit skewer consisting of various dried fruits on a stick. The products are produced for Montagu by the Community Action Partnership CAPability workshop, providing persons living with disability with employment in a non-threatening environment. Support this initiative by buying the delicious Montasatie at Montagu stores nationwide.

Participatory Health & Participatory Healing


Dr. Raoul Goldberg

A modality of Health and Healing developed over the past 40 years in South Africa building upon the work of Gestalt, Goethe, Rudolph Steiner, Medical Science, Expressive Arts, Psychotherapy, Botany, Homeopathy, Functional Medicine and Psychophonetics.

Dr. Raoul Goldberg will teach the workshops co-facilitated by Dana Smirin, freshly invigorated from their 2015 UK and US workshops. Dr. Raoul Goldberg is an author, teacher and Medical Doctor and Director of the Syringa Integrative Health Centre. His post doctorate work was for 7 years in Swiss and German clinics where some of his teachers were pupils of Rudolph Steiner. He developed the PATH Method through 40 years of practice.

Dana Smirin

The PATH Method is a precise method for gaining skills in deep awareness and healing action. It is a means towards bringing about transformation and healing on every level. It reveals the many parts that make up the human whole, brings them into consciousness, and engages them in a process yielding insight and empowerment.

Dana Smirin is a PATH Method facilitator and Co-Director at Syringa Integrative Health Centre. Smirin studied in the USA and work has been focused on transformation and is the founder of

Module 1: Know Yourself

Module 2: Know your Partner

Module 3: Knowing the We

Training in intuitive healing is irst to Know Yourself. Uncover inner blocks, ixed positions and self restrictions, the seed forms of illness. Learn to transform self-limitations into health-giving opportunities.

The patient, the client within, world, nature & cosmos. Meet characters within your psyche, learn objective observation, heart listening, Empathy and Conscious Imitation opening intuitive healing.

Giving and receiving have equal value and power. Acquire humility, surrender, engage the inner physician in both practitioner and client, trust the diagnostic and healing from partnership. This will open a third door to intuitive healing.

Participants: All practitioners involved in healing activities of any kind. Venues: Novalis Institute, Cape Town and Heavenly Harmony, Johannesburg Course Fees: 3 Modules R5800 Single Module R2200. Meals and teas included 15% discount with the code “Natmed”

“Such a powerful tool for transformation, and so well presented by Dr Goldberg. I highly recommend this training for any therapist wishing to support their clients to higher levels of wellbeing.” – Dr Jon Morley, Medical Physician

Module 1 Module 2 Module 3

CAPE TOWN 11-13 March & 8-10 April 17-19 June 12-14 August

JOHANNESBURG 29 April-1 May 22-24 July 2-4 September

CPD Accreditation: 48 points applied for course.

Email: to register

“One of the most powerful, accessible and cost-effective psychotherapeutic tools I have witnessed. It can be used for a broad range of conditions. It enables patients to discover the root cause of issues in a safe environment. I believe it would have a revolutionary impact. “ - Dr Shivon Dawson, Integrative Psychiatrist, South Africa  Cape Town sponsored by:

Johannesburg sponsored by:

PIONEER OF THE MONTH by the editor

Dr Hal Huggins (1937 – 2014) ~ Father of holistic dentistry A pioneer in treating those with disease caused by dental toxins, Dr Huggins paved the way for enlightened colleagues to act against the use of amalgam fillings and root canal treatments. Also known as the grandfather of identifying and treating medical problems caused by toxic dental materials, Dr Huggins received his dental (DDS) degree in 1962 at the University of Nebraska and practised for decades in Colorado Springs. In 1990, he received his master’s degree in immunology and toxicology from the University of Colorado. He lectured extensively in the US and abroad, authored many books and published various articles based on the Huggins dental protocol. He was outspoken against root

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canals, saying that they created degenerative and autoimmune diseases. His training included assisting doctors to identify and treat ailments in their patients that may have been caused by harmful dental procedures and heavy metal toxicity from dental materials such as silver (mercury) fillings. He established the Huggins Applied Healing Center (, but his greatest passion was the formation of the Dental DNA laboratory ( This sophisticated facility specialises in the detection of dangerous, disease-causing DNA that resides within root canals, cavitations, implants, and other oral environments. Even though he successfully pioneered treatments for autoimmune diseases caused by dental toxins and personally treated over 5 000 toxic patients, he lost his licence to practise dentistry in 1995. Huggins contended that the revocation of his licence was politically motivated in retaliation for his claims that amalgam fillings caused disease and claimed that he had not worked as a dentist since 1984. His criticisms of dental amalgam were featured on the television programme 60 Minutes. Huggins argued that amalgam can cause digestive problems such as Crohn’s disease,

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multiple sclerosis, scleroderma, arthritis and Hodgkin disease amongst many others. In a paper published in Alternative Medicine Review in 1998, Huggins claimed that changes in cerebrospinal fluid that are typical for multiple sclerosis remitted after the removal of amalgam fillings and root canals. The Arizona Homeopathic & Integrative Medical Association presented him with a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012.

KEEPING IN TOUCH BAOBAB BOOST I would like to congratulate you on a brilliant magazine. It is really full of interesting topics to read. I am trying to eat raw food and especially concentrate on superfoods. I read in a previous edition that you have had an article about baobab before. Sorry, I missed that one, but have bought baobab powder as it is one of the superfoods.

WHY WON’T POPCORN POP? I recently bought organic popcorn and started making it for my toddler. But for some reason it wouldn’t pop properly leaving a lot of unpopped bits behind. I don’t have a microwave and don’t want to do the packet popcorn for various reasons including the flavour enhancers – you never know what is actually in there! Is it not popping because it’s organic? I.L. THE EDITOR REPLIES: I honestly don’t think it has anything to do with the fact that it is organic, because I use organic popcorn. And I am happy to read that you don’t use packet popcorn. In order for popcorn to pop, there must be moisture in the kernel that expands upon heating, causing the kernel to explode. If the popcorn has been stored for a long time, or in an open container, it might have become too dry to pop. To revive it, fill a glass jar half full of popcorn. Add one tablespoon of water and shake well to distribute the water. Close tightly and keep the jar in the refrigerator. When all the moisture is absorbed, try popping again. In the future, store popcorn in the refrigerator in a tightly closed container.

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But unfortunately I do not really know how to use it in recipes and it would be great if you can include a few recipes with baobab. Maybe a few smoothies and other dishes? E.G. THE EDITOR REPLIES: Thank you for your kind words and I am happy that you enjoy the read. We have published on baobab in issues 62 and 103 and is time to cover this amazing tree again soon!

HEALTHY CHOICES FOR KIDS I am an avid reader of Natural Medicine magazine. As someone who loves working with kids, I appreciate that your magazine is one of the only health magazines that includes a whole section on healthy choices for children. S.S.


WHAT IS SPELT FLOUR? I called you last week and took up so much of your time, but do want to thank you. I have a question: you spoke about milling spelt flour and I wrote it down but have no idea what it is. B.K.

SHOULD I REHEAT MY BABY’S FORMULA? When I take my baby Iris out, she is often so interested in her new surroundings that she doesn’t feed. The problem is that I am left with at least three-quarters of the milk in her bottle. Can I reheat it? D.F. THE EDITOR REPLIES: The short answer is no. Infant formula is a good growth environment for bacteria. It contains all the necessary nutrients and is in fact superior to most laboratory nutrient broths. The infant formula is powdered and contains sugars and grains (e.g. sucrose, corn syrup solids, soy) plus other ingredients. These food ingredients are known to contain bacterial spores. And this is especially true if she was fed from the bottle as some saliva may have entered the milk. If you reheat the milk, the bacteria will multiply and heat resistance can be found – especially if it is then reheated a second time. I would suggest that you refrigerate it quickly to stop bacterial growth. If you want to use it, you need to bring it to a boil again. Remember that the infectious dose for an infant is much less than for an adult.

THE EDITOR REPLIES: Spelt is a grain that is used as a substitute for individuals who are allergic or sensitive to wheat. Most people think going gluten-free will stop a wheat sensitivity, but more often than not, all that needs to be replaced is wheat. Going all gluten-free is lifesaving for coeliac patients but for the rest of us, going wheat-free is most likely the answer. Having said that, spelt flour does contain gluten. Spelt was grown in Europe over 9 000 years ago. This grain is not widely used because of its lower yield in comparison to wheat and the need to mechanically de-hull the grain before milling. It can be substituted in any recipe for wheat flour in a 1:1 ratio. The disadvantage of using spelt is that it makes the food look yellowish in colour.


Audio devices and PARTYING CAUSE HEARING LOSS According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), about 1.1 billion teenagers and young adults are at risk of hearing loss due to the unsafe use of personal audio devices, including smartphones, and exposure to dangerous levels of sound at noisy venues such as nightclubs, bars and even sporting events. Hearing loss can impact heavily on physical and mental health, education and employment. Studies suggest that among teenagers and young adults aged 12 to 35 years, nearly 50% are exposed to unsafe levels of sound from personal audio devices and about 40% are exposed to potentially damaging levels of sound at entertainment venues. ‘Unsafe levels’ of sounds exceed, for example, 85 decibels (dB) for eight hours or 100 dB for 15 minutes. Reference 1. WHO. 1 billion people at risk of hearing loss. 27 February 2015. http://



If you want to sow the seeds for a rewarding relationship or strengthen the one you’re in, you must first, according to human behavioural expert Dr John Demartini, work on your own life. Dr Demartini suggests that when we feel empowered within ourselves we will feel a greater sense of security within ourselves and in the relationship. ‘There are seven key areas in life, these being spiritual, mental, vocational, financial, familial, social, and physical,’ he says. ‘When we become empowered in any or all of these areas, we are more likely to experience feelings of confidence and fulfillment. As we do this, we find that our “stock” goes up in the realm of relationships. The more we have to offer, the more options we have. When we can see the opportunities, we avoid feeling “trapped” or “compelled”. We experience our ability to choose and to participate fully in the creation of our life and relationships.’

Politics and medicine ‘There are more politics in modern medicine than in modern politics itself. Today's average physician deserves even less trust than today's average politician, as doctors continue their refusal to allow the scientific data on the profound benefits of vitamins and other antioxidant supplements to reach their eyes and brains. And the staunch support of a press, which collectively no longer has a shred of journalistic or scientific integrity, completes the framing of today's colossal medical fraud. Money always rules the day: properly-dosed vitamins would eliminate far too much of the profit of prescription-based medicine.’ ~ Dr Thomas Levy

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Goat milk smoothie Ingredients 1 cup sliced fresh strawberries 1 cup fresh goat’s milk 1 cup ice ¼ cup sugar 2 tbsp lemon juice 1 tsp vanilla

Method Place ingredients in a blender and cover. Process on high until smooth and frothy. Makes four cold, refreshing one-cup servings. For more flavours, substitute strawberries with fruit of your choice, or combine several, such as strawberries and bananas, or bananas and blueberries.

This month’s

TEAM'S CHOICE DESK STAND What excitement there was in the office when we tried the fabulous Desk Stand concept that brings balance to your workday by enabling you to stand for desired periods of time. By standing instead of sitting, you improve your posture, strengthen your back and neck muscles and even burn up to 200 calories a day! The variety of Desk Stands, one to need, are beautifully made from wood and the attention to detail support slots for tablets and smar innovative flat pack designs which cal and environmentally friendly, and slot ladders for height adjustment are but a few of our favourite features.

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Fighting flu ON ALL FRONTS During the American winter of 2015 many children and elderly people succumbed to a virulent new strain of influenza, the H3N2 strain. The result is that global authorities have warned that flu vaccinations may not be enough to curb severe flu virus mutations. A new vaccine is now available in South Africa to counteract the H3N2 flu virus but there are still concerns that people can contract flu if other strains are not covered by the vaccination.

Don’t drive AFTER

South African doctor and homeopath Dr Erika Coertzen says that in addition to flu vaccines, it is important to boost the immune system with the help of a healthy diet, sufficient sleep, exercise and the administration of natural and/or homeopathic medications.

Staying awake all night goes against our natural biological internal clock, which is why those who work the night shift are more susceptible to health complications such as heart attacks, stroke, obesity, diabetes and depression. But these health hazards are not the only danger for night workers.

A respected homeopathic remedy in the fight against flu is Oscillococcinum which alleviates symptoms such as body aches, chills and fever.

In a small but revealing study researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) in Boston have discovered that out of 16 night shift workers fresh off the job, six (37.5%) had 11 near-collisions during daytime driving tests. This was due to ‘drowsy driving’ characterised by traffic lane drifting, slow eye movements, and ‘microsleep episodes’ (dozing off for more than three seconds).

‘Oscillococcinum works with the body to help rebalance and heal, and is suitable for all ages,’ explains Dr Coertzen.


After a night of nearly eight hours’ sleep and no night shift work, the 16 volunteers had no near-collisions during the driving tests. ‘These findings help to explain why night shift workers have so many more motor vehicle crashes than day workers, particularly during the commute home,’ said study co-author Dr Charles Czeisler, chief of the Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders at BWH. According to Dr Czeisler, ‘Night shift workers should be advised of the hazards of drowsy driving and seek alternate forms of transportation after night shift work.’ Source Brigham and Women's Hospital


A ginseng boost TO FIGHT WINTER ILLS The root of the ginseng plant has been used for its medicinal properties and to boost the immune system for more than 2 000 years. Modern-day research has shown how ginseng extract can greatly support the human immune system. A study performed at the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Milan supported the hypothesis that a standardised ginseng extract Ginsana G 115 (114) induced a higher immune response when used together with vaccination against flu.1 The six-month study involved 227 participants: 114 received Ginsana, 113 received placebo. Both groups received a flu vaccination.

Results showed that in the Ginsana group a mere 15 people fell ill with flu while in the placebo group 42 people became sick. Natural killer (NK) cell activity (lymphocytes that play a critical role in the immune system) was much higher in the Ginsana group than in the placebo group. It can therefore be concluded that standardised ginseng extract can improve the human immune system and protect against flu. Reference 1. Scaglione F. et al. Efficacy and safety of the standardized ginseng extract G 115 for potentiating vaccination against common cold and/or influenza syndrome. Drugs Expt. Clin. Res 1996: XXII (2)65-72.


Social media use

The KUDUwave


It’s not a sea wave or anything like the Mexican wave, but is, in actual fact, a mobile audiometer developed by South African doctor Dirk Koekemoer, MD of eMoyo, an ISO-13485 medical device Quality Assurance Company. eMoyo is intent on screening children’s hearing throughout South Africa and sourcing funds for those whose parents cannot afford consultations through the KUDU Foundation.

Is your teen showing signs of irritability, anxiety or insomnia? If so, the chances are the cause could be social media. In a recent study researchers gathered information from 467 participants aged 11 to 17 and found that the constant pressure to be available on social media day and night drastically increased the risk of lowered self-esteem, anxiety, depression and decreased sleep quality. With regard to the link between social media and a drop in sleep quality, study author Heather Cleland Woods, of the University of Glasgow in Scotland, says, ‘Those who log on at night appear to be particularly affected.’ Teenagers can be vulnerable to anxiety and depression and other studies have shown links between social media and characteristics associated with schizophrenia, depression and poor mental health. In order to control the problem, Cleland Woods suggests a ‘digital sunset’ whereby families monitor and minimise the use of social media: ‘Turn off the devices and the blue light, stop checking emails and social media, and allow yourself time to finish your day. Sleep is important, so put your phone away.’ Source

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The KUDUwave is being used in government hospitals throughout the country to detect hearing loss in multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) patients in its early stages, which means that medication can be changed and hearing loss drastically reduced. Factory and mine workers are also screened by the KUDUwave and the device is also being rolled out through government schools to pick up any hearing loss in learners.



of the month Bodyography Sunsculpt Duo Bronzer A universal contouring duo for flawless and natural highlighting and contouring. State of the art technology provides a micro fine powder that creates a silky smooth texture for a flawless finish. Paraben-free, gluten-free, vegan friendly and not tested on animals. Available from selected Perfect 10, Placecol and Dream Nail salons. R370.00 012 621 3300

Detecting breast cancer WITH ULTRASOUND Recent research published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute indicates that testing for breast cancer with ultrasound (US) is as effective as testing with mammography. The incidence of breast cancer is increasing worldwide with more than 1.6 million cases reported in 2010, a number expected to swell by an additional 2.1 million new cases by 2030. Mammography is a common method of screening in developed countries, but is not readily available in less developed parts of the world where an alternative method such as US could be used. While the researchers found that the number of US screens to detect breast cancer was comparable to that of mammography, they also discovered there was a greater number of false-positives among the women screened with this method. Their advice is: ‘Where mammography is available, US should be seen as a supplemental test for women with dense breasts who do not meet high-risk criteria for screening MRI and for high-risk women with dense breasts who are unable to tolerate MRI.’ Source Magee-Womens Hospital, The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center APRIL 2016

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This month’s

ARITY CHFOCUS Goedgedacht – where rural children come irst Goedgedacht Farm in Malmesbury in the Western Cape is not only a rich source of quality extra virgin olive oil and table olives, but a haven of love and care for its poorer rural community. South Africa’s history of apartheid and colonialism has left farm workers and their families trapped in poverty. Illiteracy, teenage pregnancy, alcoholism, violence, Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), and high rates of TB are still evident in many rural areas. Goedgedacht’s Path out of Poverty Program (POP) focuses on children in their farming community from pre-birth to the age of 20. POP aims to transform these desperate communities by nurturing the children (the important future generation), enabling them to become educated, healthy and self-confident and giving them the tools to break the suffocating cycle of poverty. The four Golden Threads that weave their way through the POP programme are: education, health, perso l d l opment and care for the For more information: To donate to one of the charity shops please call 021 689 8392

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Dementia is an undignified and costly disease affecting mainly the elderly. An estimated 47.5 million people worldwide currently live with dementia, with 7.7 million new cases each year.1 A 2011 census estimated that approximately 2.2 million people in South Africa live with dementia.2 Alzheimer’s SA and the Livewell Group will present a dementia conference on 9 April in Somerset West and one in Bryanston on 16 April. Families will gain practical tips and advice on the care for loved ones living with dementia. Some questions covered will include: How do I successfully communicate amidst the frustration of repeated questions? What about curatorship? How do I choose the ideal care facility and what are my options? Allow the information to prepare you for the challenges. Book your seat at R150 at or 021 851 6886 (ext. 2). Visit for more information. References 1. Dementia. 2. Alzheimer’s SA.

‘What if I see you, and I don't know that you're my daughter, and I don't know that you love me?’ ‘Then, I'll tell you that I do, and you'll believe me.’ - Lisa Genova, Still Alice


TOP TIPS FOR SAFE DRIVING ANDRE HORN, DIP OPTOM F.O.A @MellinsiStyle Andre Horn is Managing Director of the Mellins Group, a leading, full service optometry group in South Africa with 51 branches. He is a qualified optometrist and assisted in the opening of the first Mellins i-Style ZEISS Experience branch in Fourways, Johannesburg. Horn is a spokesperson for Mellins i-Style and advises on optically superior examinations and advanced precision in lens and eye care.


I hate driving in dark and wet conditions as my eyesight, especially my night vision, is not what it was. I feel I am putting individuals and families at risk. It is getting darker earlier as winter approaches and I need to feel confident about my eyesight to ensure a safe road trip. Do you have any advice? H.L. ANDRE HORN REPLIES: Colder seasons can pose visual challenges for drivers when travelling on dark and wet roads. The next few months will also see popular public and school holidays and many holiday makers will be driving long distances and coping with heavy volumes of traffic. Dynamic vision therefore becomes vital for safe road travel.


Regular eye examinations are important to ensure your vision is in top ‘driving condition’, regardless of one’s age or overall health. An optometrist doesn’t just examine the quality of your vision, but an eye test also includes a general health check for injury, abnormalities and early signs of eye conditions and diseases before you're aware of any symptoms.

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ADDITIONAL TIPS TO MAINTAIN EXCELLENT VISION ON THE ROAD Ů Ensure your prescription lenses are up-todate. Today, more than 10% of South Africans fail their driver’s licence test because their eyesight does not measure up to the requirements. Vision screenings at driving tests, however, cannot substitute a professional eye examination performed by a medical professional. Ů It is a good idea to keep a second pair of glasses in your vehicle. Drivers in France and other European countries must, by law, keep a spare pair in their vehicles if they are prescription lens wearers. Ů If you have separate pairs of spectacles with tinted and non-tinted lenses, keep both within easy reach.

... AND NIGHT TIME DRIVING? Ů Lenses worn at night should be clean. An anti-reflective coating can help lessen glare and the strenuous effects of lights from oncoming vehicles. Ů Before a long evening or early morning trip, check that your headlights are clean and aligned. This is important for instantly reducing glare in front of the vehicle.

CAFFEINE AND YOUR VISION ON THE ROAD Many people start their day with a steaming cup of coffee and are not aware of its effects on their eyesight. In a report by The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, it was found that people who consumed more than three cups of coffee a day have an increased risk of glaucoma and vision loss. Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages the eye’s optic nerve and is one of the main causes of low vision and blindness. The report does not demonstrate the link


between caffeinated drinks other than coffee and glaucoma. Yet, it is still proven that these types of beverages can cause restlessness, heart palpitations, anxiety and a sudden drop in blood sugar level which later lead to drowsiness and fatigue. This does not mean that you need to give up your prime brew. A moderate amount does not necessarily affect your vision. Minimising your coffee intake to two cups a day can give you the boost you need, keep energy levels stable and will have no serious, long-term effects on your vision.

Ed's note: Mellins i-Style, a leading optometry group, has brought customised precision to South Africa with advanced Zeiss eye technology. The new Zeiss DriveSafe lenses, recently launched at Mellins-Zeiss Vision Centres countrywide, are everyday lenses specifically designed to improve drivers’ vision, focus and comfort on the road. The lenses provide on up to 43% larger mid-distance viewing zone to quickly refocus between the road, dashboard and mirrors. They also improve vision in low-light conditions, making driving to work and home in the dark in winter a safer experience. According to Zeiss, it can take up to four seconds to completely recover from looking directly into bright flashes. DriveSafe lenses minimise this effect to increase accurate vision.

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HOW MUCH ALCOHOL IS SAFE DURING PREGNANCY? PATRICK HOLFORD @patrickholford He, together with his team, carried out Britain’s biggest-ever health and diet survey, the 100% Health Survey, which has now been completed by over 60 000 people. His book, The 10 Secrets of 100% Healthy People, portrays the fascinating insights provided by the survey and his 30 years study of good health and how to achieve it.


My partner and I are planning our first baby. I would like to know how much alcohol is safe during pregnancy? B.L. PATRICK HOLFORD REPLIES: If you drink you may wonder whether there’s any harm in having the odd glass if you’re trying to get pregnant. The problem is that the most vulnerable time is the first few weeks after conception – typically before you even realise you’re pregnant. Also, any alcohol consumption can increase your risk of miscarriage.


Figures from the Miscarriage Association suggest that one in every four pregnancies ends in miscarriage. This already high risk more than trebles by drinking just two large (250 ml) glasses of wine a week, according to a seven-year study at Denmark’s Arhus University. Of almost 25 000 women studied, those who drank five or more units of alcohol a week were almost four times more likely to lose their baby in the early stages of pregnancy. Because the alcohol content in many drinks has increased, a unit is now less than

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one small (125 ml) glass of wine, half a pint of beer or lager, or an alcopop (a spirit cooler). Even in successful pregnancies, a baby’s brain development and function can be affected by small quantities of drink. Babies exposed to alcohol in the womb have smaller brains with fewer and differently distributed brain cells, and this causes varying degrees of mental deficiency – from mild behavioural problems to obvious mental handicap. Some authorities claim that foetal alcohol syndrome, the official term where damage has been caused by alcohol, is the leading known cause of mental retardation in the Western world. Low birth weight has also been linked to the negative effects of alcohol and studies show there is twice the risk of abnormalities. So to be safest, avoid alcohol altogether. And if you just can’t, limit your intake to just one small glass of wine or beer with food. My How to Quit Without Feeling S**T book offers some effective strategies for reducing dependency on alcohol. Source Holford P. The perfect pregnancy cookbook. Piatkus Books. 2010.


AUTISM AND DIET MARGARET ROBERTS Margaret Roberts Herbal Centre She is a herbal pioneer in South Africa and lectures and consults on herbs, medicinal foods and environmentally safe natural insecticides at tertiary institutions countrywide and at her Herbal Centre at De Wildt. She has shared her knowledge through over 30 books and ongoing radio and television series. Margaret received a Laureate Award from Pretoria University in recognition of her outstanding contribution to this field.


My husband and I are almost sure our two-year-old son may be autistic. We are greatly saddened and also rather fearful of what this means for him (please could you elaborate on the symptoms and possible causes) and wonder if there is any way in which we can help him through a natural approach? J.S. MARGARET ROBERTS REPLIES: Some of the characteristics of autism are: non-reaction to the usual stimuli, like lack of facial expression and lack of eye contact; limited and often difficult speech; withdrawn, distancing from others; hyperactivity; over-sensitivity to loud sounds, strong smells or too many stimuli; obsessive compulsive behaviour; loud screams and scrambled words; head banging; uncontrollability; poor social interaction.


smile s Parents seek answers so intensely and the explanations listed here are only a few of the most common ones. There is sometimes a family history and the following list that may indicate part of the explanation and a plan of action: impaired immune system; migraines; allergies (not only food allergies but to many other causes, for example bee stings, heat rash, perfumes, etc.); exposure to chemical poisons, for example crop spraying with organophosphates.

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Red Reishi Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) has been used for more than 4000 years in Traditional Chinese Medicine. It is known as the most highly praised ancient medicine and is one of the most respected medicinal mushrooms of modern times.


I have a narrowing oesophagus and the doctor said it could be cancer. Either way they need to go in there with a balloon and stretch it. I need expensive meds and scans, etc. What could possibly have caused it? I would love to try something natural instead of drugs and procedures. My daughter thinks it's possibly due to the Aromat I love to use (she says the MSG in it is bad) and I always have diet drinks in the fridge. She suggested I stop that due to the artificial sweeteners they contain. I think she is overreacting and I cannot see how what I like to eat can affect the oesophagus to this degree. Any suggestions would be most helpful! The doc said it’s severely inflamed and he agreed with me that it is not caused by anything I take in, but he cannot tell me what caused it either. S.L.


JEANNE VAN ZYL REPLIES FOR THE CNH: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a flavour enhancer added to most processed and packaged food. Artificial sweeteners are used to sweeten food and beverages, but with a reduced caloric intake in comparison with sugar. Several studies have shown that MSG and artificial sweeteners are associated with an increased presence of inflammation and they have also been implicated in an increased risk of cancer development. As your daughter suggested, it might be best to exercise caution and opt for healthier alternatives to flavour and sweeten your food and drinks. Healthy MSG alternatives to add flavour and nutrients to your foods include: basil, parsley, rosemary, garlic, thyme, sage, dry-roasted seeds, Himalayan salt, pumpkin seed oil, macadamia oil and avocado oil. Reduce your intake of MSG by cutting out processed foods, pre-packaged foods and junk foods. MSG isn’t always labelled as ‘MSG’, as it can be present in many forms; therefore, have a look at food product labelling to ensure that it’s free from the following in-

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Contraindications: Do not consume Reishi if you are using blood thinning medication or if you have had an organ transplant.

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gredients: autolysed yeast, calcium caseinate, gelatin, glutamate, glutamic acid, hydrolysed (vegetable) protein, monosodium/monopotassium glutamate, sodium caseinate, yeast extract or protein isolate.

Ů Golden milk is a therapeutic drink used in Ayurvedic medicine to support immune function, reduce inflammation and promote overall health and well-being: Mix 1 cup coconut milk with 1 tsp turmeric powder, a pinch of black pepper, ¼ tsp ginger powder, ½ tsp cinnamon and ½ tsp honey. Mix the ingredients in a blender and cook the mixture in a saucepan for three to five minutes on medium heat. Drink immediately.

Healthy, nutrient-dense sugar alternatives to sweeten foods and beverages are organic coconut sugar or raw honey. I cannot comment on a potential cancer diagnosis; what I can do is provide guidelines that may reduce inflammation and soothe the oesophageal lining: Ů Aloe vera juice: a soothing, anti-inflammatory and healing plant extract that you can enjoy in a juice form. Drink ½ a cup of Aloe vera juice 15 to 20 minutes before each meal, diluted in water if you prefer. Ů Manuka honey: honey is known to be soothing, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and may additionally help to protect and strengthen the oesophageal lining. Ů Siberian pine nut oil: an anti-inflammatory oil that protects, heals and strengthens the oesophageal lining. Take 10 ml before meals until you experience relief and thereafter 5 ml per day can be used for maintenance. Ů Walnuts are rich in anti-inflammatory plant chemicals and omega-3 fatty acids. Crush the walnuts and mix with your meals and snacks; whole walnuts may irritate the oesophageal tissue. Ů Spices with anti-inflammatory properties: – Turmeric (add a pinch of black pepper to promote absorption) – Ginger – Rosemary – Cinnamon – Chamomile tea – Parsley – Basil. Ů Green tea, white tea and chamomile tea are all highly anti-inflammatory; add raw honey and a sprig of parsley for a more powerful effect.

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There are certain foods and beverages that can irritate the oesophagus and provoke inflammatory activity; to reduce inflammation and support healing, try to avoid these foods and beverages until you experience relief from the symptoms: Ů Ů Ů Ů Ů

Spicy foods (chillies, peppers, curries, etc.) Deep-fried foods Chocolate Caffeine and alcoholic drinks Acidic food and beverages (tomatoes, citrus fruits and soda drinks)

Hard, solid foods with a rough texture may irritate the oesophageal tissue. ‘Softer’ foods include: smoothies/shakes, soft cooked eggs, cooked oats, mashed potatoes, steamed vegetables or any mashed foods. Eat small meals, make sure you chew food properly before swallowing and try to avoid eating for three to four hours before retiring to bed. JEANNE VAN ZYL is a Nutritional Therapist and a Lecturer at CNH (College of Natural Health), which trains students across South Africa for successful careers in natural health and offers Short Courses in a range of natural therapies.

BOOK REVIEWS by the editor






There is a bewildering array of books available on the business of eating, fitness and nutrition. Unfortunately many of them have (hidden) vested interests in the food industry and singular theories. Once in a while, however, a refreshing and ethical book based on sound, proven scientific principles comes onto the market, which is more than just another trendy diet book. Wholesome Nutrition is such a book. In it, nutritional therapist and exercise physiologist Ian Craig and his co-author, health food specialist and sports scientist Rachel Jesson, cover in detail the emotive topics of nutrition and health from a scientific perspective. They neatly unwrap all the jargon and pseudo-mystique, offering sensible, practical, economical everyday dietary approaches in a book that’s not only enjoyable and informative to read, but at the same time accessible to all South Africans who care about optimum health and living life to the full. Most importantly Wholesome Nutrition stresses the fact that we are all different, and therefore a one-size-fits-all approach is counter productive to good health. ‘You will leave much more informed and more intelligent as a result of reading this book as well as armed with practical suggestions and delicious recipes to delight your palate and transform your health.’ Patrick Holford

MILA'S MEALS By Catherine Banhoorn

Bringing up a child to eat more natural food can often feel overwhelming. Catherine Banhoorn shares a wide variety of tasty meals for baby's first year which are all wheat, sugar and dairy free. In addition, there is a plethora of useful information explaining how to approach your toddler's nutrition in a sensible way with an excellent guide to selecting and storing the ingredients used. Recipes include a number of healthier versions to all those popular nibbles too – from fish fingers to tomato ketchup, presented with clear illustrations throughout.

NEEM By Klaus Ferlow

The leaves of the Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) have long been revered in Ayurvedic medicine for their broad healing properties. Klaus Ferlow describes Neem as 'nature's healing gift to humanity,' and his book is a passionate celebration of this extraordinary plant and its various uses – from skin care to digestive support. Ferlow was one of the first to introduce the Indian Neem tree to the West and his book traces his own healing journey using this versatile plant, with an extensive guide to using Neem in your own home.

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the pregnancy me A healthy pregnancy diet is essential for the optimum development of your baby in utero. But you also need to know which foods to avoid during those critical nine months.

While eating the right foods is important for your health and that of your baby while you are pregnant, there are also certain foods you should be cautious about.

PATRICK HOLFORD Twitter @patrickholford He, together with his team, carried out Britain’s biggestever health and diet survey, the 100% Health Survey, which has now been completed by over 60 000 people. His book, The 10 Secrets of 100% Healthy People, portrays the fascinating insights provided by the survey and his 30 years study of good health and how to achieve it.

For starters, some foods carry a small risk of infection and, as your baby is very vulnerable while it’s developing, it’s recommended you avoid these while pregnant, especially during the first three months.

AVOIDING POTENTIALLY HARMFUL BACTERIA Salmonella Ů Raw eggs and poultry can harbour Salmonella – in fact it’s estimated that as many as 33% of fresh and 41% of frozen chickens are infected – so make sure you cook both thoroughly. For eggs, this means until both white and yolk turn solid, and avoid buying or having foods made with raw eggs such as sorbet, fresh mayonnaise or chocolate mousse. It is also wise to avoid chilled pre-

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cooked chicken. Salmonella can cause nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting in the mother, resulting in dehydration which may affect the baby.

Listeria Ů Reheat cooked and chilled food (such as leftovers and ready meals) until piping hot. Ů Avoid pâté (any kind, even vegetable ones) and soft, mould-ripened or blue-veined cheeses (such as Brie, Camembert, goat’s cheese with a rind and Stilton), unless they are made from pasteurised milk or have been thoroughly cooked until piping hot. Soft cheeses like cream cheese, cottage cheese and Mozzarella are all fine, as is feta. Although Parmesan is made from unpasteurised milk, it is generally considered safe to eat during pregnancy as the cheese is too hard for the bacteria to grow. Prebagged salads are an ideal breeding ground for Listeria so standard advice is to avoid these. Listeria may only cause mild flu-like



symptoms in the mother but can result in miscarriage or stillbirth.

Toxoplasmosis Ů Avoid raw or undercooked meat, including Parma ham and salami, in order to ensure that there is no risk of infection from toxoplasmosis, a parasite that can cause complications, particularly in early pregnancy, affecting the baby’s developing brain and eyes. Ů Toxoplasmosis can also be found in soil, muddy vegetables and cat faeces, so wear gloves when gardening, washing mudcoated vegetables or changing the cat litter (this is a great excuse to delegate this task to someone else).

Raw shellfish and sushi Avoid raw shellfish and sushi. Unless really fresh, they can cause serious food poisoning so are best avoided. Sushi can also contain parasites if not prepared properly.

SOME MORE CAUTIONS Alcohol Alcohol is also toxic and not safe to your developing baby at any level. I’ve been advising pregnant women to avoid it for years. Recently, the British government changed its stance to agree with us. Even a few glasses of wine a week can increase risk of miscarriage and cause damage to your baby’s brain and nervous system.

Coffee and caffeine-containing drinks

And don’t forget basic food preparation rules Ů Remember to wash all fruit and vegetables thoroughly (though obviously not those that you peel) to remove any traces of soil or bacteria. Ů It’s important to cook meat properly to kill off any bacteria but also remember to keep uncooked meat away from any cooked foods in your fridge to avoid crosscontamination. Be sure to wash your hands and utensils thoroughly after preparing meat and don’t use the same chopping board as you do for vegetables or bread.

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These can have a negative impact on fertility, but once you’re pregnant, many British doctors claim that several cups a day is okay, although anything more may increase risk of miscarriage. However, caffeine crosses the placenta and affects the baby in the same way as the mother – i.e. it increases heart and breathing rate and alters brain activity. And as a growing baby is not yet fully developed, the effects are likely to be more profound. A baby is also less able to detoxify caffeine and it’s estimated to stay in their bloodstream for up to 100 hours. Coffee also increases homocysteine, a harmful chemical in the blood. In the US, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises pregnant women to avoid caffeine-containing foods and drugs (and this includes colas) completely. I advise the same. Decaffeinated coffee still contains two other stimulants (theobromine and theophylline) and can be more toxic due to the chemicals used to remove the caffeine. If you want to enjoy the occasional cup, buy an organic variety where the caffeine is removed via the safer ‘Swiss water process’.


Green or sprouting potatoes These contain poisonous substances called alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine which are linked to increasing spina bifida risk. So be sure you don’t eat sprouted potatoes and cut away any green areas before cooking.

Liver This is often warned against during pregnancy because of its high vitamin A content. However, you do need some vitamin A when you’re pregnant. So while we don’t advise you to stop eating it all together if you enjoy it, we do suggest you limit your consumption to a small portion every other week and eat only organic as this will be less contaminated with the growth hormones, steroids and antibiotics used in conventional farming (the liver being the place all these chemicals get stored). However, if you are eating liver, be sure any supplements you take only contain the vegetable source of vitamin A (beta-carotene) and not any additional animal-derived vitamin A (retinol). This will especially apply to cod liver oil, a very rich source of retinol.

Mercury Carnivorous fish like shark, marlin, swordfish and tuna can accumulate mercury residues from contaminated waters so are best avoided. If you’re a fan of tuna, limit your intake to just once a week. Mercury is a toxic heavy metal that can harm a baby’s developing nervous system. Have no more than two portions of oily fish like trout, mackerel, herrings, kippers and sardines per week (salmon and anchovies tend not to be so high in mercury).

Peanuts The jury is still out on whether peanuts should be avoided or not during pregnancy in order to reduce your child’s risk of a peanut allergy. A couple of years ago the received wisdom stated that women with a history of allergies

or atopic conditions like asthma or eczema should avoid peanuts (possibly even all nuts completely) due to their strong allergic potential. Then emerging research suggested that avoiding peanuts during pregnancy could in fact sensitise your child! Seeds are from a different family and are far less likely to cause allergies (the one exception being sesame seeds, which fall within the top 12 most common food allergens).

CONCLUSION It is impportant to try and avoid the goods mentioned here while you are pregnant. Remember, however, to also avoid them if you are trying to conceive beacause you may not know when you fall pregnant! Source Holford P, McDonald JF, Lawson S. The perfect pregnancy cookbook, Piatkus, 2010.

MENU for pregnancy – what NOT to eat and drink Raw shelfish Alcohol Green or sprouting potatoes Liver Mercury-containing fish Peanuts

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Feasting with the seasons

-autumn DANIEL JARDIM Daniel Jardim teaches cookery retreats and demonstrations around the country with a strong emphasis on staying healthy with the seasons. He created the recipes for The Cake the Buddha Ate and Retreat – the Joy of Conscious Eating (Jacana Media). Daniel combines Western nutrition with Eastern healing traditions to help individuals develop a better relationship with the food they eat by coming back to the joy of cooking. He also offers private coaching sessions in nutrition.

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The food we eat and the way we prepare it is an integral part of how we experience health and vitality. In our busy modern lives it is easy to feel disconnected from nature, and we often feel bombarded with conflicting information on what constitutes a healthy diet. By living, and eating, more in sync with the seasons we will experience greater peace and well-being. Older healing traditions, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), teach us that by living in closer harmony with nature, we not only feel a greater sense of connection with our environment, but can also reap amazing physical benefits by simply modifying the way which we conduct our lives at different times of the year. The best news about it all is that when we live in harmony with the seasons we are able to work on different facets of our health one step at a time. This makes keeping our bodies healthy a manageable and ongoing process instead of feeli by all those changes we know we would like to to begin!

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By choosing foods that nurture different aspects of ourselves at different times of the year we also learn to use ingredients available within the season. Those that are of greatest benefit are not only helpful to our bodies, but kind to our pockets too – because foods that are in season are usually a whole lot cheaper to buy. By choosing seasonal produce we can ensure that we are supporting local farmers, while also doing our bit to care for the environment by cutting back on ingredi nt im rt fr m far-flung corners of the world. It makes a w live in closer harmony with the seasons – fo planet too.

NATURE’S AUTUMN As summer draws to a close we see all of n prepare for the colder months ahead. Many their vital sap inwards and downwards, shed were used to create nourishment in the war Animals, too, begin to gather their resource time of reduced activity and careful prese heat. It is not surprising that the season has ated with a sense of transition from the bou summer to the more frugal wintertime. In T as the time where we too begin to gather ou like the leaves falling from the trees, are enc all those aspects of ourselves that no longer great sense of the harvest taking place after summer, on both a physical and emotional l

AUTUMN AND THE METAL ELEMENT If we understand that autumn brings the tim lives, it is not surprising that the element season is that of metal. After all, what other p

so carefully honed to create the tools that make the gathering of the harvest possible? From the humble sickle to the most modern of farming equipment, the metal element not only represents a very physical aspect of the gathering of grain, but also alludes to a sense of discernment – literally separating the wheat from the chaff. In TCM the metal element perfectly describes the process of sifting and sorting that takes place in our lives.

come into season in the form of onions and garlic, all with well-respected protective and healing properties for the upper respiratory tract. And of course, with the harvest comes the gathering of grain; and the autumn diet sees us moving away from lighter summer meals to the introduction of whole grains into the diet. Not only do they sustain us in the cooler months, but provide essential soluble fibre to keep our bowels regular and toned.


The flavour associated with the season is pungency and refers to all those wonderfully warming spices. Who can resist breathing in deeply when the smell of tantalising spice wafts from the kitchen? The very process of cooking with spice seems tailor-made for the lungs. Not only do they help to gently warm the body, but have numerous healing benefits for the body too. It is time to clear out your pantry and begin experimenting with new and exotic flavours – your taste buds, if anything, will thank you!

As we move deeper into our understanding of the season of autumn we see that the organs associated with the season, and the element of metal, are the lungs and the large intestine. With each breath in and out we perfectly enact the essence of autumn in the sense of gathering in and letting go. As an extension of that process the large intestine is responsible for capturing any remaining substances that may be useful for the body, and ensuring that all remaining wastes are eliminated from the system. It is astounding that a system such as TCM, which spans thousands of years, developed such an intimate understanding of our bodies long before we were able to catch up on our knowledge of physiology in the West. The season of autumn sees us nurturing these two organs in preparation for the colder winter months, not only because of those nasty winter bugs that seem to have such an affinity for our delicate lungs, but also because the winter diet tends to be the heaviest and richest of the year and proper elimination becomes essential.

EATING FOR THE SEASON As we see leaves falling to the ground in golden hues of yellow and orange, so too do we see an abundance of these colours in the foods that become available. Squashes and pumpkins in all shapes and sizes make their way to the autumn dinner table. Rich in beta-carotene, these foods are perfect for protecting not only the lungs, but also the delicate membranes that line the whole of the digestive tract. White foods also

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BREATHE, BREATHE, BREATHE! Autumn is the time to heal the body with the breath. Yogic breathing (Pranayama), Chi Kung and meditation are all wonderfully in line with the season and the metal element. Breathing perfectly encapsulates the process of gathering and letting go and can be used to help soothe emotional discomfort arising from anxiety and grief. Deep abdominal breathing also serves to loosen the muscles associated with digestion and is a simple and inexpensive way to improve the functioning of the bowels or relieve mild constipation. By nurturing the lungs and focussing on the breath, we embrace all that is central to the season of autumn and learn to take time to finetune our bodies to the subtle changes occurring in nature. Look out for delectable autumn recipes on our Facebook page (Natural Medicine Magazine) throughout the month. Daniel’s autumn cookery retreat takes place at Temenos 8 to 10 April: for details.

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n zest

1 eggg 45 ml vegetabl blee oil 125 ml milk 45 ml lemon ice 45 l lime juice 125 g raspbe b rries, rinsedd Icing uga g r/raspberries/lemon zest/lime zest to gar a nish

Meth 1. Pre-heat oven to 180°C and grease a 23 cm spring-form cake tin. 2. Place the Orgran Cornbread & Muffin M in a large mixing bowl. Add the lem n z t combine. 3. In a separate bowl beatt th d a the oil and milkk. a in to co e llll. 4. Make a l th centre t fin mix a lii . ir untill justt .A d e m li j llyy hee rr es. 5 acee t s tin a e for 25 2 too S r t n r mix ixtu tu is 6 R mo m ve ring pan and allow to o . 7. Serve du with ic ngg su r, ras a pberries, a d le o lime z t. Cann also be s d a dollop of y .

Photographer: Malcolm Dare

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Click here, if you are reading this online, to see Daniel’s cookery come to life. Alternatively subscribe via Magzster to watch these clips.

Co coronke’s r

AVO-CORIANDER PENNE WITH SMOKEY TOMATOES Ingredients 250 g Orgran Vegetable Rice Pasta Penne

Avo-coriander sauce ½ avocado, pitted and scooped 15 ml celery, finely chopped 1 tsp lemon juice to taste 1 garlic clove 30 ml olive oil 45 ml coriander, roughly chopped Salt and pepper to taste 30 ml water (approximately)

Smokey tomatoes 200 g cherry tomatoes, halved lengthways ½ tsp smoked paprika 1 tsp sesame seeds 15 ml olive oil Salt and pepper to taste Olive oil and coriander leaves to garnish


Photographer: Malcolm Dare

1. Place all sauce ingredients except water in a blender. Blend until smooth, adding water gradually until the consistency of a thick salad cream. Season to taste. 2. Toss the tomatoes in remaining ingredients and season lightly with salt and pepper. Arrange on a baking sheet and place under a very hot grill for 5 to 10 minutes until flecked with colour. 3. Toss dry pasta with a little olive oil before adding to boiling salted water to prevent clumping. Boil gently for 9 minutes until al dente. Drain and rinse. Toss again with a little olive oil and arrange on a serving platter. 4. Drizzle avo-coriander sauce over pasta and arrange smokey tomatoes on top. Serve garnished with coriander leaves and a light drizzle of olive oil.

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3+:.5* 1. Pre-heat oven to 180ºC and lightly grease a roasting tray. 2. Place mushrooms on roasting tray. 3. Mix chickpeas with broccoli pesto, spoon onto the mushrooms, sprinkle with parmesan and nuts. 4. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes, serve with a simple salad.


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1. Blanch or steam broccoli for a few minutes in boiling water until it is bright green and not too soft. Plunge into ice cold water to stop the cooking and retain colour and crunch. Drain from the water and pat dry on paper towel. 2. Blitz all ingredients, except parmesan, together in a food processor. VES FO ER 3. Stir the parmesan into blended pesto.



4 large black mushrooms 1½ cups cooked chickpeas ¼ cup broccoli pesto 2 tbsp parmesan cheese, grated 2 tbsp pine nuts, toasted




MAKES ± 2 CUPS 2 cups fresh broccoli florets 2 garlic cloves, crushed 8 basil leaves 1 tbsp lemon juice ½ cup olive oil Herb salt & ground black pepper ½ cup raw cashews or pistachios, toasted ½ cup parmesan cheese, grated


3+:.5* /4-8+*/+4:9 8 pears, peeled, cored & placed into water ½ cup organic unrefined brown sugar ¼ cup milk 2 free-range eggs 1½ cups stone-ground cake flour Pinch of salt ½ cup desiccated coconut or flaked almonds, divided 1 tsp ground cinnamon 1 tsp baking powder 4 tbsp butter

1. Pre-heat oven to 180ºC, grease a 23 cm spring form cake tin and coat with flour. 2. Beat the sugar, milk and eggs until pale in colour. 3. Add the sifted flour, salt and half the coconut, then the cinnamon and beat to combine. 4. Lastly add the baking powder to the cake mixture. 5. Slice the pears and stir them into the batter. Spoon the batter into the cake tin. 6. Dot the top with butter and sprinkle with the remaining coconut. Bake for 50 minutes until golden brown. Serve with vanilla yoghurt.

2 cups plain yoghurt 2 tsp organic unrefined brown sugar or raw honey ½ tsp vanilla paste

S 16 SL KE





VARIATION: Substitute apples for pears and f l

Extracted from Brookdale's book: Heavenly and Healthy Flavours APRIL 2016

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Juicy kids' tip Get your little ‘bin lids’ to brush their teeth after their juice or swirl some water around their mouth. Even good sugars can be harmful to growing teeth! Come to think of it, adult juicers should do the same.

Juicing CORNER

Kids’ Stuff If you can’t get your kids to eat it – get them to drink it! Let’s face facts: on the whole most kids just hate eating veg. They don’t mind a bit of fruit from time to time, but sit them down to some raw broccoli and they’re more likely to stick it in some soil and shout ‘bonsai’ than actually eat the stuff! However, turn it into nature’s finest liquid fuel, mix it with, say, some fresh pineapple or apple juice, and bingo – they’re licking their lips in seconds. Kids are mesmerised by juicing. When they see fresh juice coming out of a solid vegetable like a carrot, they’re transfixed. I now know hundreds of kids, from age two upwards, who are consuming the finest body and brain builders known to wo/man on a regular basis. In fact, juicing and smoothie making is simply the best way of getting raw live fuel into your kids without the usual nightmare of trying to get them to eat it.

Kid's Chute Juice The idea of juicing is ‘Keeping it Simple’ and a whole fruit juicer makes juicing that much easier. This Kids’ Chute Juice recipe has been designed with whole fruit juicing in mind. All of the ingredients fi t into the chute, you push down and boom – juice done! If you don’t have a wide funnel juicer, you can clearly still make this juice; it means you have to spend some extra time cutting, chopping and feeding into the chute. This gorgeous-tasting fruit smoothie packs more nutrients than you would think. Just look at what’s in it below to see the incredible quantity of vitamins and minerals your kids will get by having a small glass.

INGREDIENTS 2 apples (Golden Delicious or Royal Gala) lemon with rind on (unwaxed if possible) 1 pear (Conference are best, but use whatever you can get)

JASON VALE Twitter @juicemaster He has been described as the ‘UK’s Anthony Robbins’ and the ‘Jamie Oliver of the health and juicing world’. His books have now sold over three million copies around the world. Jason has dedicated his life to helping others achieve better health and wellbeing through freshly extracted juice. He has spent the past 15 years working with hundreds of thousands of people from every corner of the globe, including top athletes, CEOs of major companies, and many celebrities.

METHOD Put one apple in the chute, followed by the lemon and pear. Sandwich the other apple and juice. Add ice to cool. Look what’s in it! Vitamins A, B and C, potassium, folic acid, boron, ellagic acid, carotenes, amino acids, natural sugars and antioxidants. How will it juice the little ones? Pear juice is exceptionally good for protecting the colon. Given that colon cancer is now one of the biggest killers in the world, the earlier you can get some protection into your kids the better. The mineral boron is needed in trace amounts for healthy bones and muscle growth. It is also necessary for the metabolism of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. Additionally, it enhances brain function as well as playing a role in how the body utilises energy from fats and sugars. Both apples and pears contain boron. APRIL 2016

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Popeye Power Freshly extracted apple, pineapple, spinach and lemon juice over ice With ‘Popeye’ in the title there are no prizes for guessing on of the main ingredients in this recipe. Spinach isn’t usually to of the list when it comes to kids’ favourite foods and if the see you putting the green stuff into this recipe you may hav a fight on your hands trying to get them to drink it. Some kids don’t mind the fact it has some spinach in, but only you know your child and if you need to tell a slight porky on this occasion, it’s not a bad thing.

INGREDIENTS 1 large handful spinach ¼ medium pineapple (peeled) 1 apple 2 ½ cm slice lemon (unwaxed if possible, if not peel it) Ice

METHOD Juice everything and add ice. Remember to pack the spinach into the feeder of the chute before turning on the machine and then push it through slowly. If you have a whole fruit juicer, place the apple in first, then the spinach, then the pineapple and lemon. Look what’s in it! Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C and E, beta-carotene, iron, magnesium, potassium, calcium, chlorophyll, sulphur, bioflavonoids, folic acid and natural sugars. How will it juice the little ones? Helps to maintain healthy skin, eyes and bones. This juice is good for boosting the immune system, great for cardiovascular health and the niacin (vitamin B3) is an excellent aid for brain and nerve function. Although spinach is well known for its iron content, not all is in a form easily utilised by the body; however, much more becomes available in spinach juice. And, with pineapple containing iron too, the Popeye certainly contains more than enough for your little ones’ needs. Very cleansing.

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Juicing CORNER

Kids’ Fruity Special Freshly extracted orange, apple and kiwi juice, blended with banana and ice. We all know fruit is good for the kids, but very few realise just how good. You may think a carton of fruit smoothie is a healthy alternative to a refined white sugary drink, and you would be right, but few understand the power of a freshly made fruit smoothie. A smoothie that hasn’t been heat treated; a smoothie that has nothing but fresh, live ingredients. Very few have any concept of the quantity of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that nature provides in every fruit on Earth. Make a smoothie for your kids and you will not only be giving them a delicious drink, but a great deal of what they need to grow both physically and mentally.

INGREDIENTS 1 juicy orange (peeled, but leave the white pith on) 1 apple (Golden Delicious or Royal Gala) ¼ banana (fairtrade if possible) 1 kiwi fruit (green or gold) Ice

METHOD Juice the orange, apple and kiwi. You can juice the kiwi fruit with the skin on, but this can often be harsh on the back of the throat, so it’s your call on that one. Place the banana in the blender, along with the juice and ice. Blend until smooth. Look what’s in it! Vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C and E, beta-carotene, fibre, magnesium, potassium, folic acid, boron, ellagic acid, amino acids and natural sugars. How will it juice the little ones? Kiwi fruit are rich in beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A when the body needs it. This vitamin is essential for the development and growth of cells and helps maintain healthy skin and eyes. Vitamin B1 (found in apples) assists in blood formation and the production of hydrochloric acid, which is essential for proper digestion. Fibre helps to keep kids ‘moving’ and the potassium to keep their sodium/potassium balance in order (perhaps after they have eaten too many crisps!). Source Vale J. The jui HarperThorso

aster: over 100 delicious juices and smoothies. s Ltd. 2007.

Juicy tip If you tell your kids exactly how smoothies will help them, they are much more likely to ask for them. If we are dealing with teenagers, it’s good to mention that they ‘help to keep a good healthy weight’ and are ‘great for clear skin’ – you know the things they worry about.

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Family HEALTH 50 CHILDHOOD ILLNESSES – a development challenge for life 57 OSTEOARTHRITIS IN DOGS 58 POEM



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Childhood illnesses – a developmental challenge for life Many case histories have convinced me that these childhood infectious illnesses are very special illnesses that have immense benefit for healthy development and for future health. In this article we shall consider these illnesses in terms of the child’s life story and how they can benefit the child’s future.

Today many children still experience one or more of the infectious childhood illnesses. Some of these illnesses are so-called ‘vaccine-preventable’, yet many children who have been vaccinated against these illnesses still come down with the illness, though usually in a milder form. Other illnesses are not yet preventable by vaccines. I have had countless opportunities to observe these children before and after their illnesses. It is fascinating to see the favourable changes they make in their health, how their behaviour and emotions change positively, and how they leap forward in school progress.

WHAT ARE THE INFECTIOUS CHILDHOOD DISEASES? These are illnesses usually occurring in the first seven years of life, having a cyclical na-

ture and associated with fever and often a skin rash. They are listed on page 55 with a brief description of the course of the illness.

THE DEVELOPMENT JOURNEY OF THE CHILD At the moment of conception the child’s higher self may be imagined to connect with the inherited fertilised egg. The further development of the child through all the known milestones reveals how the child connects itself step by step with its inherited body. First the child learns to lift its head, then to crawl and finally to stand – here one can sense the child’s joy and exultation in finding the power to control its own body and to direct it to do what it wishes. In this way, step by step, the development proceeds.

DR RAOUL GOLDBERG, BSc (MED), MBCHB (WITS), CEDH (HOM). Twitter: @syringahealth He has practised Integrative Medicine for 35 years in Switzerland, Germany and his homeland, South Africa. His work includes managing an Integrative Health Clinic, the Syringa Integrative Health Centre, and practising as a clinical doctor and counsellor, Waldorf School Doctor, lecturer and researcher. He is the author of Awaken-

ing to Child Health and Addictions in Childhood and Adolescence. Dr Goldberg co-founded the South African Complementary Medical Association (SACMA).

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THE ROLE OF DISEASE IN DEVELOPMENT If the inherited physical and chemical substance matches the child’s being, development will proceed in a smooth and healthy manner. However, this is often not the case which may help to explain why many children have all kinds of problems in their first years of life. It is here that the infectious childhood diseases with the associated fever play such an important role in helping the child to ‘fit into’ its inherited body or to ‘mould’ it to create a better ‘fit’. The child uses the warmth of the fever to connect more strongly with its body. Our soul life is strongly associated with feelings of warmth or cold – we warm to a person we love, whereas someone we don’t like leaves us stone cold. We experience our self in its states of warmth. Thus through the powerful effects of the fever, as well as the many other functional changes, which are very different in each febrile infectious disease, the sick child goes through a significant physical and psychological challenge, which will have a positive effect on its future health.

Each illness has a different clinical picture, and will challenge the child in very different ways. Why does one of three children in the same family not contract measles when the two other siblings do? Why does this child then contract scarlet fever and not measles? Let us compare these two illnesses. Measles has a slower onset, longer incubation, is charactrised by profound elimination of fluid secretions (watery eyes, nasal secretions, loose cough, diarrhoea), and a blotchy skin rash which ultimately sloughs off. This is a watery or phlegmatic viral illness, which often afflicts a child who has an excessively watery constitution. The scarlet fever child is usually a more focused, over-driven, hot, choleric child, who comes down with a bacterial fiery illness characterised by sudden onset, and hot red body with acute inflammatory symptoms. The clinical picture in each case is what that child needs to balance out some constitutional imbalance. The measles child sheds its watery nature and is able to strengthen itself against an inherited physical body that is perhaps too watery, while the scarlet fever child tones down its fiery nature that would tend to burn up its inherited physical body too quickly. This may help to explain why some children contract only certain infectious illnesses and not others; the constitutional workings of the child are profoundly wise and will make use of these specific illnesses to bring about the changes necessary for health.

It is important to realise that child development is an expression of the way the child learns to master and transform its inherited physical body. 052 | N AT U R A L M E D I C I N E . C O . Z A


THE ROLE OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM IN DEVELOPMENT The immune system helps the child acquire a self-identity. It touches the hot plate and learns that it doesn’t like the hot plate and finds a way of dealing with this threat to its survival. By meeting the resistance of a potentially hostile world, it acquires knowledge for life. The same happens on a micro level. The immune system learns to recognise what is not self, by meeting countless micro-organisms and other toxic substances, and develops mechanisms to deal with and preserve its healthy state. Every infectious childhood illness offers a powerful challenge to the immature immune system which predomi-

nantly develops its protective functions in the first 10 years of life when these illnesses mainly occur. Antibodies produced as a response to measles and almost all other infectious childhood diseases are thereafter present for life, in contrast to the artificial antibody production produced by immunisation. Medical science is discovering increasingly and will discover more and more, the importance of these infectious childhood illnesses together with the concomitant fever in strengthening the immune system.

THE ROLE OF A FEVER There are significant immunological and clinical effects brought about by raised body temperature. Numerous studies have shown that small increases in temperature bring



about an increased immune response. For example, at 39°C there is a 10-fold increase and activation in T-lymphocytes, an increase in B-lymphocytes, increased white blood cell activity and mobility, increased interferon production and an increase in antibacterial chemical substance. Other studies have shown that increased temperatures of up to 40°C have a number of beneficial effects with a definite correlation between fever and decreased morbidity and mortality rate during a variety of infections. It has been shown that suppressing fever, on the other hand, is associated with decreased survival and increased morbidity.

WORKING WITH, NOT AGAINST, THE ILLNESS In an age when the immune system is weakened progressively from birth by our lifestyle and by all kinds of harmful interventions, it will be of the greatest importance to find ways of building it up. These infectious childhood diseases hold positive value for health and for life. Of course there are different ways of treating these illnesses. If one regards them as an unfortunate nuisance and a hindrance to the child’s progress, one will naturally want to suppress the symptoms and make the child as comfortable as possible by means of antibiotics, anti fever drugs and anti histamines. The fear of complications will further boost the argument for suppressing symptoms vigorously. By their very nature these measures will weaken the child’s natural healing powers, and in my view may thereby encourage the development of complications. If, however, one sees these illnesses as important developmental challenges for the child, one will try to support the child’s protective

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and healing functions in every way possible. This management involves a number of important principles which I believe will significantly reduce the risk of complications: Ů Childhood illnesses which resemble one of the infectious diseases should always be treated by a health practitioner qualified to treat such illnesses. Ů Good home nursing and empathetic support are vital to help the child deal with the uncharted territory into which it journeys. Ů Warmth, bed rest and reduced sensory input are advisable. The child often goes through a deep inner experience and should therefore be protected from loud noise, bright lights and audiovisual technology. For children who are sensitive to daylight, as is often the case with measles, the curtains should be drawn. Ů A light simple diet with plenty of fluids, avoiding processed and refined foods and limiting animal protein, milk and sugar products should be given. Ů A variety of natural medicines in the form of herbal, anthroposophical or homeopathic remedies can be prescribed by an experienced health practitioner for the specific clinical picture of the infectious illness. These medicines will help the child work through the specific challenge more efficiently. Ů Because the fever is invaluable in the healing process every effort should be made to allow the child to maintain warmth of the body. Ů Monitor temperature accurately, preferably internally (oral or rectal). Ů A light enema may be given especially if constipated. Ů Temperatures above 39°C can be reduced by tepid sponging, placing the child in a bath 1°C below body temperature or by repeatedly applying cool compresses soaked in half-strength lemon juice or vinegar to the extremities (lower arms and legs). This does not suppress warmth production but removes







Virus 10 to 12 days

Catarrhal phase (3 days) – red eyes, cough, runny nose, fever, botchy skin rash (4 to 5 days), flaking skin (9 to 10 days)

Pneumonia, sinusitis, middle ear infection, encephalitis

Virus 14 to 24 days

Pain and swelling in one or both parotid salivary glands with progressive hamster-like swelling of one or both cheeks, sometimes fever, vomiting, colic

Pancreatitis, meningitis/ encephalitis (0.25%), orchitis – rare in prepubescent boys, common after puberty


Virus 14 to 21 days

Tender lymph nodes behind ears and around neck, followed by fine rash, slight or absent fever, mild itch and joint aches occasionally

Can cause foetal malformations or miscarriages in expectant mothers in the first 4 months of pregnancy


Virus 7 to 17 days

Sudden onset of fever lasting 3 days, coryza, rash begins on tummy, spreads to limbs, face and neck

Febrile convulsions


Streptococcus bacterium 2 to 5 days

Acute onset, high fever, vomiting, headache, sore throat, fine, red widespread rash, pale around the mouth, throat, tonsils and tongue red or coated, tongue resembles a strawberry

Myocarditis, nephritis, rheumatic fever Complications uncommon in recent years


Epstein-Barr herpestype virus 30 to 50 days

Malaise, fatigue, nausea, headache, abdominal pain (1 to 2 weeks), sore throat, fever, swollen lymph nodes, larger liver and spleen, skin rash

Recurrent bouts of fatigue, liver dysfunction, splenic rupture, pneumonia myocarditis, meningitis and other nerve involvement


Herpes varicella virus Highly contagious 11 to 21 days

Slight fever, malaise, appetite loss followed by widespread skin eruptions, that start as red spots, change to blisters which form crusts (3 to 4 days)

Secondary bacterial infection of skin, pneumonia encephalitis, shingles

Haemophilus pertussis bacterium Highly contagious and common 6 to 20 days

Catarrhal phase (1 to 2 weeks), paroxysmal phase (2 to 4 weeks), paroxysmal coughing ending with a whoop, often vomiting, convalescent phase (1 to 2 weeks) cough less but can persist for weeks, mild or absent fever

Pneumonia and encephalitis before age of 1 year is quite common

Corynebacterim diphtheriae bacillus Highly infectious, very rare in Western countries 1 to 2 days

Nasal diphtheria – purulent discharge forms a foul coating. Tonsillo-pharangeal diphtheria – low-grade temperature, sore throat, hoarseness, dirty white coating over tonsils and pharynx, toxic, circulatory collapse

Secondary bacterial infections, respiratory obstruction, myocarditis and nerve paralysis





excess heat. If the body surface is cool, rub or massage the skin first to bring warmth to the region before applying cool compresses. Ŏ Antifever medication may need to be applied judiciously only when it is clear that the child’s nervous system is not tolerating the fever well, making the child more prone to fever convulsions. This usually requires the judgement of an experienced practitioner. When natural methods and medication do not reduce the temperature adequately, or when children have had previous fever convulsions, I will prescribe a dosage sufficient to lower but not eliminate the temperature. I usually also treat very high temperatures, above 40.5°C, or persistent high temperatures with antipyretics since there are studies suggesting that these fever states can weaken the immune response.

CONCLUSION The infectious childhood diseases are important milestones in the individual biography of the child and provide the child with the opportunity to strengthen its physical and psychological constitution. As such they are part of the developmental jo and wha master t A list of refe Tel: 021 88


Osteoarthritis in

Degenerative joint disease (DJD), also known as osteoarthritis, affects as many as one in five dogs. The disease cannot be cured, but there are several treatment options available to help ease pain and improve mobility. Dr Alex Niven explores these options in this highly humorous extract from his book The Bull with the Bent Willy, where he introduces the lovely Labrador, Fliss, and her eccentric owner Mrs French. At closing time I entered the reception area. The waiting room was empty of clients, although three nurses and two other staff, all ladies of course, were huddled together, and, as I approached they broke into raucous laughter. That made me smile and say, ‘Surely it is time you left Mrs French in peace?’ Eleanor tugged at her straggly brown hair and said, ‘You must admit she does offer us some great entertainment, I wonder what she is like . . .’ We were interrupted by the phone. Penny was still smiling as she cradled the receiver against her ear, and her smile got even bigger. She put her hand over the mouth piece and said, ‘You will never believe this, but it is Mrs French again, she needs to talk to you.’ Eleanor blurted out, ‘Fabulous! Can we go to speaker phone?’ All eyes were on me as I

picked up the receiver, ‘Hello Mrs French, how is everyone?’ The lady gave me one of those long, slurry chuckles of hers, and then said, ‘We are all well thank you. I simply need some reassurance about Fliss.’ ‘I did not think she was too bad this afternoon. Has something else happened?’ Fliss was an ageing Labrador. She had the most gorgeous personality, but was slipping into a degenerating cycle of hip arthritis. When I examined her she had the sexy sway of the hindquarters that many of them develop, but thankfully her pain was not severe. I suggested that an increased pattern of regular exercise would be good, and prescribed some aspirin as the first stage in pain control. I still feel that the judicious use of aspirin is a good starting place in the management of these conditions.

REV DR ALEX NIVEN, BVMS, MRCVS, SAVC. He has a Veterinary Medicine and Surgery degree and is a Deacon in the Roman Catholic church. He is a member of the South African Veterinary Council and the South African Veterinary Association. He completed a classical human homeopathy course for medical practitioners in Johannesburg and, following extensive success of clinical homeopathy with animals, formulated a range of homeopathic animal products under the Eco-Vet label.

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Childrens CORNER

After that I consider Eco-Joint where the pain is mainly related to soft tissue damage. Remedies such as Bryonia and Rhus tox quickly reduce joint swelling and improve function. If there is actual radiological evidence of degenerative joint disease then Eco-Arth is my first choice. The remedies Abrotanum colchicum and Manganum take a bit longer to help, but still bring about improvement due to their ability to actually mobilise abnormal bony deposits. I have to admit I was also finding it difficult to control myself as I said, ‘You do not appear to be distressed so please tell me what is worrying you?’ ‘Not at all. Not at all. I simply need you to answer me a simple question.’ ‘OK then, how can I help?’ ‘I understood exactly what you were saying, and indeed Fliss enjoyed how you examined her. She obviously then turned to the dog and had a chat to her. When she came back to me she said, ‘Where were we?’ ‘You were going to ask me a question.’ ‘A question, a question, indeed?’ I remained quiet. At last I heard what I took to be a healthy slurp from a glass, and the enormous burp she released had the girls in knots. She said, ‘I simply need to know how to give the aspirin. Should I push them down her throat . . . or should I push them up her bum?’ I dropped the phone and fell into the arms of my jolly band of ladies.

‘She seeks help when she cannot manage by herself. When she attempts to do things independently, her efforts frequently come to nothing. And her dependency makes her impatient. Even if she does not trust someone completely, she must still let herself be guided by adults. In the same way an invalid has to accept the help and put up with the whims of an unsympathetic nurse. - Janusz Korczak SOURCE Korczak J, A voice for a child.





Arthritis – THE AGONY & THE ANSWERS We are surrounded by arthritis but are generally unaware of its full impact. This chronic disease affects all race groups and ages leaving physical, emotional and economic devastation in its wake. Learn to recognise and treat arthritis early for as positive an outcome as possible.

NATASHA BOLOGNESI, BA (HONS), MPHIL (JOURN). Twitter@Natmedmagazine After graduating with a BA Honours degree in French from the University of Cape Town, she embarked on a proofreading and writing career before moving to Italy, where she lived for six years. On her return, Natasha completed her Master’s degree in Journalism and is now the copy editor for Natural Medicine.

In January this year rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and associated complications claimed the life of one of America’s greatest musicians – Glenn Frey, founder of the immensely popular 70s rock band The Eagles. Glenn, like millions of other RA sufferers around the world, lived with the agony of a disease for which there is as yet no cure. Frey’s death highlights the enormity of how far-reaching the effects of arthritis can be and begs answers to the challenges of treatment and management of a potentially highly debilitating disease.

DIFFERENT FORMS OF ARTHRITIS Many people are not aware that there are in fact over 100 identified different types of arthritis of which RA, osteoarthritis (OA), psori-

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atic arthritis (PsA), fibromyalgia and gout are the most common.1 Of these RA and OA are more prevalent and OA is the type that affects most people. Both RA and OA can be linked to death.

WHO GETS IT? It’s another bitter pill to swallow with regard to ageing, but unfortunately the likelihood of developing those knobbly, rickety, aching joints increases along with the number of birthdays you celebrate. And the pain can set in before you reach 70. It is a shocking fact to consider that almost two-thirds of people with arthritis are younger than 65.2 Unluckily for the ladies arthritis seems to affect more women than men although OA is a health burden for about 90% of all people before they reach the age of 80.3


‘I want people to learn more about arthritis and see that arthritis does not just happen to older people – it happens to little kids like me too.’ Taiyeh (age 7) ~ The Arthritis Society, Canada.

Sadly arthritis sometimes occurs in children as well. This is known as juvenile arthritis, usually an autoimmune disorder, and often the causes remain unknown although the distress is just as intense, perhaps even more so, as it seems desperately unfair that children, who simply want to run and play, should be afflicted with a debilitating ‘old person’s’ disease.

CAUSES Heredity, age and lifestyle can all play a role in the onset of arthritis. The direct causes of arthritis depend very much on the type of arthritis the patient is suffering from. RA, for example, is triggered by one’s own immune system and is classified as an autoimmune disease. OA is largely associated with age as it is related to the wear and tear of joint cartilage. OA can, however, also be caused by trauma, in the form of injury, to a joint.5 Gout is caused by an uncontrolled metabolic disorder known as hyperuricaemia (too much uric acid in the blood) leading to deposits of uric acid crystals in tissues and fluids within the body. Some medications, alcohol and foods are known to contribute to the condition.6 PsA arthritis, like RA, occurs when your body's immune

Percentage prevalence of arthritis in South Africa4 According to recent research: RA: OA:

overall prevalence of 2.5% most prevalent form of arthritis – 55.1% in urban settings and in rural settings ranges from 29.5%, 29.7%, up to 82.7% among adults aged over 65 years PsA: 4% in urban South Africa Gout: 0.7% in urban South Africa



system misguidedly attacks healthy cells and tissue. In this case the abnormal immune response causes an overproduction of skin cells as well as joint inflammation.7 Fibromyalgia is not a true form of arthritis although it is defined as a rheumatic condition because it affects joints and tissues causing chronic pain. The causes for this disorder are unknown but many associate its development with a physical or emotional stress, illness or repeated injuries. In some cases fibromyalgia appears to simply occur spontaneously.8

SYMPTOMS Our joints need to be well oiled and buffered for us to move freely and efficiently. Arthritis is the enemy of freedom of movement and can be the harbinger of great frustration, agony, depression and, in some cases, even death. Generally speaking, arthritis symptoms include joint pain, redness, heat and stiffness. The pain can be so debilitating that limited movement occurs. In the case of RA, a thickening and inflammation of the synovial membrane, which lines the joint capsule, leads to a buildup of synovial


Autoimmune diseases fall under the medical umbrella term ‘rheumatic disorder’ which defines conditions causing chronic joint and/or connective tissue pain.

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fluid, causing pain and inflammation. RA, however, because it is a rheumatic disease, is far more than a debilitating joint condition: It can also affect various other organs in the body (especially the heart, lungs and eyes) with serious outcomes including decreased life expectancy.9 If you experience unexplained weight loss, fever, muscle pain, and changes in the appearance of your skin and nails as well as joint pain swelling, you may have RA. OA, the wear-and-tear form of arthritis that arrives with those advancing years (and which leaves only a lucky few untouched), is also known as degenerative joint disease and occurs when the cartilage, or ‘cushion’ that covers the tops of bones either degenerates or wears down and the bones rub against each other.10 Sometimes you may even hear your bones creaking and cracking! This can be very alarming, not to mention painful. PsA symptoms can be similar to those of RA as both conditions result in painful, swollen and hot joints. But PsA is more likely to cause: swollen fingers and toes, foot pain and lower

‘Although there are several over-the-counter and prescription drugs that suppress or relieve arthritic symptoms, they do not treat the underlying cause, and often the price paid is far higher than the currency handed over the counter at the pharmacy. The side-effects of many of these drugs can be grave (pun intended). Experimental and clinical studies have shown that aspirin and other NSAIDs not only inhibit cartilage synthesis and accelerate cartilage destruction, but actually accelerate OA and increase joint destruction. Aspirin and Ibuprofen are mild prostaglandin inhibitors, but they do have side-effects. Cox-2 selective inhibitor drugs can also cause severe gastrointestinal side-effects, besides their cardiovascular risk profile.’ Dr Sandi Nye14

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According to Cape Town naturopath Dr Sandi Nye, medications can help, but this all depends on the type of arthritis you are dealing with and the severity of the affliction. In Dr Nye’s experience nutrition and lifestyle are primary choices.

on, tuna, mackerel and herring. Ů Extra virgin olive oil, loaded with hearthealthy fats and oleocanthal, which has properties similar to non-steroidal, antiinflammatory drugs. Avocado and safflower oils have shown cholesterol-lowering properties and walnut oil has 10 times the omega-3s that olive oil has. Ů Anthocyanins (type of flavanoid) found in cherries which have an anti-inflammatory effect. Strawberries, raspberries, blueberries and blackberries are also good sources of anthocyanins. Ů Red beans, kidney beans and pinto beans to strengthen the heart and immune system. Ů Garlic which contains the compound diallyl disulphine which may limit cartilage damage. Ů Nuts such as almonds, pine nuts and walnuts: all rich in protein, calcium, magnesium, zinc, vitamin E and immune-boosting alpha linolenic acid (ALA). Good for the heart and weight loss. Ů Whole grains such as oats, brown rice and whole-grain cereals to lower levels of Creactive protein (CRP) in the blood, an inflammation marker associated with heart disease, diabetes and RA.



There is no dietary cure for arthritis, this much must be made clear; but there are certain foods and supportive complementary products that fight inflammation, strengthen bones, and boost the immune system: important soldiers you need in the battle against arthritis.

Glucosamine sulphate is often used to benefit those with OA. It is derived from the shells of shellfish or some vegetables and is a major component of bone cartilage. It may slow down the deterioration of cartilage, improve joint mobility and thereby relieve OA. The recommended dosage is 1 500 mg per day.16

back pain (spondylitis – an inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae of your spine and in the joints between your spine and pelvis – sacroiliitis).11 You know you have acute gout if you suffer from very red, hot, and swollen joints with excruciating pain. The big toe is often affected. Recurring flare-ups of acute gout lead to a degenerative form of chronic arthritis called gouty arthritis.12 More men than women suffer from gout. Fibromyalgia symptoms include muscle pain and spasm, fatigue, brain fog and depression, bloating, nausea, IBS, sensation of swelling in the hands and feet.13

TREATMENT As with any medical condition, the sooner a diagnosis is made the better so that treatment can be initiated as soon as possible.

Diet The American Arthritis Foundation recommends anti-inflammatory and arthritis-friendly foods such as:15 Ů Fish packed to the gills with inflammation-fighting omega-3 fatty acids. Choose amongst the following twice a week: salm-

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Chondroitin occurs naturally in the body’s connective tissues and is an important component of cartilage. Supplementing with chondroitin sulphate, which is largely derived from beef cartilage, may prove beneficial for OA by stimulating the repair of damaged car-



Sometimes chondroitin sulphate and glucosamine sulphate are used in combination to treat arthritis but, according to the American College of Rheumatology, chondroitin and glucosamine supplements on their own or in combination may not work for everyone with OA.18

properties. The efficacy of curcumin used to be limited prior to the development of a more complex and potent form, BCM-95®, which has almost seven times more bioavailability. This new form has the added benefit of remaining active in the blood for twice as long. Reliable research showed that 500 mg BCM-95® administered daily greatly reduced pain and inflammation in patients with active inflammatory RA.22

Another effective source of sulphur is MSM. The recommended dosages are: 1 000 to 3 000 mg of glucosamine sulphate and 600 to

The spice turmeric (Curcuma longa) is well known for its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic qualities. The neutraceutical Turmerynne™

tilage. The recommended dosage is 800 to 2 000 mg, either in a single dose or two or three divided doses daily, for up to three years.17

Vitamins can play an important role in the management of arthritis 2 000 mg of MSM daily. The lower doses will support joints and prevent degeneration, while the higher doses will maximise recovery.19

supports all body functions as well as reducing inflammatory reactions. It relieves joint, arthritic, rheumatic and muscular pains such as fibromyalgia.

Neutraceuticals International studies on New Zealand’s neutraceutical Lyprinol®, which contains the marine lipid oil extract PCSO-524®, have shown it to be highly beneficial in the treatment of inflammatory RA and a range of other inflammatory conditions. 20,21 The unique extract contains a rich and rare blend of unique omega-3s (up to 91) and significantly contains ETA, OTA and furan acid which are not found in fish oils. Numerous studies have shown that Lyprinol® has a well-established safety profile, and it is well tolerated and suitable for both children and adults. 20, 21 Curcumin is a natural spice-derived nutraceutical recognised for its anti-inflammatory

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Herbal The herb Buchu, endemic to the Western Cape, contains several anti-inflammatory compounds including quercetin and rutin, and vitamins A, B and E. The body responds extremely well to the healing properties of Buchu and the herb has indeed been used for hundreds of years as a safe and natural treatment for the pain and chronic inflammation associated with arthritis. Buchu extracts come in both a capsule form and as a topical gel. Both forms can be safely used every day, and for the long term with no negative side effects, to manage arthritis and chronic inflammation through slowing the progression of degeneration.23

DAILY ACHES AND PAINS? Chronic inflammation is pain experienced by so basis. Bio-Curcumin offers a n inflammatory, which Is c and found to be as effe pharmaceutical drugs w effects. Trusted by thousands o of people around the wo inflammation fast and e THE FACTS SPEAK FOR THEMSELVES BCM-95 is the most researched curcumin extract available with 23 human clinical studies. Proven 700% increased absorption of free curcumin over regular curcumin extracts. Contains no artificial additives, polysorbate 80 or piperine The world’s No. 1 selling curcumin extract Starts working within 2 hours If you purchase Bio-curcumin and after 3 days if you are not satisfied with the results, please contact us directly so that we can ensure you have been using it correctly. If you are still not satisfied, we will have you refunded.

Now available in South Africa at leading Pharmacies, Health Shops and Medical Practitioners For more information contact Coyne Healthcare 021 421 9144





Vitamins can play an important role in the management of arthritis and many people do take them.

The minerals calcium, zinc, magnesium and boron play an important role in the building and maintenance of healthy bones. Vitamin D (15 mcg a day) is necessary for the absorption of calcium into the bones. The recommended mineral doses are: 400 mg calcium, 150 mg magnesium, 10 mg zinc and 50 mcg boron.19

The right amount of vitamin C helps both prevent inflammatory arthritis and maintain healthy joints with OA. But don’t overdo it: the recommended amount is 75 mg per day for women and 90 mg for men.24 If you are on steroids for your arthritis it is very important to make sure you are getting enough vitamin D which is vital for strong bones. People who take corticosteroids are often deficient in vitamin D. Easy ways to up your vitamin D levels include catching some extra sunshine and enjoying raw fish in the form of sushi. Or, if you prefer, enjoy vitamin D fortified foods, such as cereals, milk and cheeses.24

Caution Talk to your health practitioner before embarking on any treatment for your condition.

EXERCISE Exercise can play a very beneficial role in the management of arthritis by keeping joints moving and as flexible as is possible. For example, a recent study published in the Journal of Rheumatology found that yoga may be a natural and safe way to help arthritis sufferers maintain mobility. The participants experienced a 20% improvement in pain, energy, mood and ability to carry out daily activities.25

Caution If you suffer from a flare-up, however, it is obviously advisable to lie low for a while and put off your exercise routine until swelling and pain has subsided.

CONCLUSION Living with and managing arthritis is an enormous physical and mental challenge. As Dr Nye says: ‘My advice for coping with this painful and degenerative condition is to manage what goes into the mouth and on with the mind.’ She advocates a healthy lifestyle that minimises stress and goes with the flow and that one sometimes simply ‘surrenders’. Useful websites if you or a loved one suffers from arthritis: A list of references is available from the Natural Medicine office. Tel: 021 880 1444

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Printed Subs Spe ecia al Offfer Buy 9 issues and get 3 issues FREE! Therefore a 12-month subscription for only R306.00. Postage FREE. Digital offer: R180.00 for a 12-month subscription. Single copy and six-month subscriptions available. Beaucience competition is valid until 25 APRIL 2016 and is open to all in RSA who subscribe to our printed or digital magazine, give a gift subscription or renew within the competition period. Should you experience difficulty registering with MySubs, please contact Zayeen on tel: 021 880 1444 or email TERMS AND CONDIITIO ON S See Terms and Conditions pertaining to subscriptions, promotions and competitions on our website: w w

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Fitness CORNER

Nourishing connective tissue We have an intricate network of connective tissue running throughout our body that serves a higher purpose than just holding us together. Ian Craig explains why. According to Thomas Myers, who wrote a lovely book called Myofascial Lines, there are three networks within the body which hold it together and allow it to function as synchronously as it does: the nervous system, the vascular system and the network of connective tissue. In this way, 70 trillion cells can live together harmoniously within the confines of our body.

As you can quite clearly see from Figure 1, our feet are actually connected to our head! Body workers such as massage therapists, chiropractors and physios are increasingly becoming aware that for any injury that occurs, any part of the body’s mechanical or chemical system could be contributing to that imbalance. I will leave the mechanics to the body workers, but I want to let you know how to keep your connective tissue healthy.

A COMMUNICATION NETWORK The connective tissue network spreads out from the spine to create a protective net around all the cells, structures and systems. There are Front Lines, Back Lines, Lateral Lines, Arm Lines and Spiral Lines that make up this network: the Spiral Lines are shown in Figure 1. All of the three networks communicate with each other: the nerves carry sensory information in and out of the body; our blood vessels constantly circulate oxygen and nutrients; and the connective tissue system communicates mechanical information via the matrix of fascia, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bones.

WHAT CONSTITUTES CONNECTIVE TISSUE? If we focus specifically on the connective tissue as the basis of the fascia, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bone plus the structure that binds muscles together, we can see that it is potentially a major source of injury for the outdoors athlete, whether elite or recreational. Let’s break this tissue down further to see what it’s made of – perhaps then we can understand how to use nutrition to our advantage. The matrix of connective tissue is made of collagen fibres, elastin fibres, fluid, immune cells, stem cells and carbohydrates

IAN CRAIG, MSC, DIPCNE, INLPTA. @ian_fsn He is an exercise physiologist, nutritional therapist, NLP practitioner, an endurance coach and specialises in Functional Sports Nutrition (FSN). He is the editor of Functional Sports Nutrition magazine and developed the Middlesex University ‘Personalised Sports Nutrition’ postgraduate course and FSN Academy. He is a consultant for DNAlysis Biotechnology and runs a private exercise and nutrition practice in Morningside Sports Medicine Centre. His first book, Wholesome Nutrition, will be launched in April.

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Fitness CORNER

called ‘GAGs’ (glycosaminoglycans). I will focus on two of these structures, which can be supported nutritionally.

COLLAGEN Collagen, as the structural unit of connective tissue, is the most abundant protein in the animal world, constituting more than 30% of the total protein of the human body. It is found mostly in fibrous tissues like tendons, ligaments and skin, but also bone, cartilage, blood vessels, the gut and muscles. It is made out of three amino acids (proteins) and vitamin C is vital for the cross-linking of collagen fibres. It is the cross-linking that gives collagen its strength and stability. The collagen in healthy tissue is strong and organised and on a basis of weight is nearly as strong as steel. However, collagen fibres in scar tissue are smaller and more random and at best can achieve only 80% of normal strength. Since the scar tissue is weaker than surrounding healthy tissue, it will become susceptible to further injury, which makes it even more important to optimise collagen repair or even better, to reduce the likelihood of injury in the first place.

Nutrient support In order to support collagen nutritionally, well-absorbed dietary proteins are extremely important: amino acids are required for collagen synthesis within connective tissue, muscle synthesis and metabolism, and blood flow. Vitamin C is needed for the structural strength of collagen and has consequently been used to treat many collagen disorders. Vitamin C, along with Vitamin E and other antioxidants are also essential to buffer the consequences of oxidative stress, which is likely to be prevalent during injury. Foods high in Vitamin C include bell peppers, broccoli, papaya, strawberries, pineapple, kiwi fruit and oranges.

Figure 1: The spiral lines of connective tissue

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In terms of supplements, a protein powder such as whey or soya or rice, might be useful. Additionally,

hydrolysed collagen powder, which will provide the appropriate amino acids for collagen repair in an easily absorbable form, may be useful. Vitamin C can also be supplemented to support collagen, but be aware of the ongoing debate about antioxidant supplements. Some researchers think that excess quantities might actually impede recovery from training or injury. BIOGEN

GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS (GAGS) GAGs are vital for the hydration of connective tissue within tendons, ligaments and cartilage. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate (common joint supplements) are major components of GAGs, making them vital for the synthesis of new connective tissue during the healing process.

Collagen, 1 200 mg per 3 capsules 60+30 combo at R189.95

Nutrient support With respect to cartilage repair, glucosamine supplementation has gained most of the research attention and 2 000 mg has been shown to significantly reduce joint pain and improve function in as little as eight weeks, but chondrotin is also recognised for beneficial joint function. Sulphation (from the sulphur in either of these products or from MSM) is also important to optimise GAG synthesis for healthy cartilage. Other experts may recommend higher dosages for these supplements where they feel necessary.

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CONCLUSION In addition to providing sufficient protein through your diet, ensuring sources of vitamin C, and potentially supplementing glucosamine or chondro;tin, it is important to eat a diet that is rich in plant foods. Not only do fruits and vegetables boost your daily level of antioxidants, which are important to reduce tissue damage, but they also help to decrease levels of inflammation that might be associated with hard training and injury. Aim to fill at least half of your plate with vegetables at meal times and the other half with protein and carbohydrate-rich foods. When you’re out in the country, try and minimise your reliance on packaged products (although the quality of snack bars are improving). Include snacks like fruit (dried or fresh), nuts and dried meat such as biltong plus healthy sandwiches or lunchboxes.

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Q\QWVIT WZ\NWZ 87:7;1; le’ condition generally developing eriod of time before one begins to ymptoms of poor bone density. A ay towards building strong bones his debilitating disease. We need to be aware of this constantly, especially if there is a thyroid problem. So the younger you begin to build bones consciously the better, and during adolescence and the early twenties it is crucial to eat bone-building foods.

CAUSES Osteoporosis can be brought on by salty food, too much sugar in the diet, lack of calciumrich foods and the malabsorption of calcium. Antidepressants, antacids and digestive medication containing aluminium, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, coeliac disease and lack of exercise are also implicated.

THE DANGER FOODS Topping the list are carbonated drinks – and he colas are the worst. These canned and ottled drinks and diet drinks contain phoshoric acid, which literally leaches out bone nerals. Caffeine – in coffee, tea and chocoe – is the next serious culprit and our love air with both coffee and chocolate can have ous consequences.

MARGARET ROBERTS Facebook: Margaret Roberts Herbal Centre She is a herbal pioneer in South Africa and lectures and consults on herbs, medicinal foods and environmentally safe natural insecticides at tertiary institutions countrywide and at her Herbal Centre at De Wildt. She has shared her knowledge through over 30 books and ongoing radio and television series. Margaret received a Laureate Award from Pretoria University in recognition of her outstanding contribution to this field.



Red meat is next on the list and processed meat is the worst. The body’s acidity is raised and alkalising bone minerals are drawn from the bones to fight the acidity, risking bone brittleness. Alcohol and smoking, even passive smoking, interfere with the absorption of nutrients in the body, especially calcium and magnesium, which weakens the bones. Avoid both sugar and salt – we generally use far too much, especially salty snacks, sugary snacks, cakes, sweets, chocolates, biscuits, sugary breakfast cereals, and the worst: processed meats like ham, polony, sausages, tinned meats and the vast array of packaged and instant foods. All these spell danger to the bones. Be careful of vegetables and fruits that have a high oxalic content like rhubarb, spinach, Swiss chard, beetroot greens, sorrel, plums, even sour cranberries, and members

of the nightshade family in some cases – tomatoes, brinjals, sweet peppers and potatoes.

THE SUPERFOODS Fruit and vegetables The good news is we can build up the bones by changing the diet. Top of the list are six to eight fresh fruits and vegetables daily – the more variety the better! The best are leafy green vegetables like turnip tops, radish leaves, lettuce, broccoli, parsley, rocket, celery, alfalfa sprouts and fresh lucerne sprigs, kale, cabbage, Brussels sprouts and watercress. Find a source of tender micro-greens (tender seedlings of salad plants grown in trays) and grow masses of dandelion to use the leaves for salads, stir-fries, soups or stews. Set up a greens garden and have a daily salad with a dressing of olive oil and lemon juice, as well as masses of lightly steamed vegetables. Leafy greens are all rich in magnesium, which helps with calcium absorption. And grow rows of oats.

Substitute red meat

VITAMIN K with VITAMIN D3 With synergistic ingredients to ensure absorbed calcium is deposited in the bones and not in soft tissue.

Substituting meat for with or tempeh is a step in the right direction, as a diet low in red meat has been found to be beneficial; free-range chicken or fish twice a week is far better than red meat. Include legumes in the diet daily – all the beans (broad beans, jugo beans, blackeyed beans, haricot beans, butter beans, kidney beans), chickpeas, lentils and split peas. Remember to always soak legumes overnight to remove the phytic acid, which hinders the absorptions of calcium, magnesium and zinc. Use these in exciting dishes with chopped mint and thyme and lemon juice as a substitute for meat; and eat sardines often, bones and all.

Healthy snacks Snack on bowls of nuts and seeds – pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, flaxAvailable from selected health shops or directly from Fortifood Health Services (Pty) Ltd P.O. Box 2458, Zwavelpoort, 0036 Tel. 012-811 0432 or 079 211 3053 (Weekdays 8:00 to 13:00) Fax 012 8110433 E-mail:

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seed, almonds, macadamia nuts and cashew nuts. Cooked chickpeas with thyme, celery, seeds and coriander seeds make a wonderful substitute for salty crisps and chips. Look out for raw shelled hemp seeds at health shops – these too will become a valuable bonebuilding food.

Bio-identical hormones may assist the body in regulating hormonal balance.


adolescence and the early twenties it is crucial to eat

bone-building foods Cleansers and digestives Papaya, pineapples, figs, celery, buckwheat greens, lettuce and carrots are all excellent cleansers, digestives and rich in minerals and silica, so include these often. Also wheat and barley grass juice is superb for all of us and builds bones beautifully! Sprinkle ground seeds and nuts on oats porridge, plain Bulgarian yoghurt, muesli or fruit salads daily. Have oat straw tea, stinging nettle tea and ginger tea daily, drink lots of water and take digestive enzymes and probiotics to help the digestive process.

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6 Absorption does not depend on status of digestive health

Tissue salts No. 2, 9 and 12 work perfectly together in harmony, each supporting the other. Suck two tablets of each, morning and evening – and when you’re tired, anxious and stressed take them three to five times a day.

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EXERCISE Get out for a good long walk with deep breathing in the sun each day. If your spine is already affected, see a physiotherapist who will guide you on weight-bearing exercises as this is of paramount importance. Weightlifting, even in a small way, is valuable, and so is jogging, brisk walking, climbing stairs, yoga exercises and aerobics, but be extra careful and be guided by your doctor if you already have fragile bones. Source Roberts M. Healing foods, Briza Publications. 2011.

SUPPLEMENT WISE – by the Editor Add calcium to the bone party ... but not alone! What is often not understood is that nutrients never act in isolation as a result of the very important principle of nutrient synergism. Many clinical studies were conducted in the past with single nutrients and invariably such studies have yielded information that was of relatively little value. The results obtained with calcium supplementation in bone density studies are good examples of this principle. Calcium has clearly been established as one of the vital boneforming minerals, however there should no longer be any doubt that calcium by itself cannot build bone for the simple reason that bone consists of many minerals (e.g. magnesium, silicon, fluoride, zinc, copper, boron, manganese and phosphorus) and in the process of bone formation, many more nutrients including some important vitamins are required. Calcium retention is critically influenced by your magnesium status and supplementation with magnesium (even high levels) does not suppress calcium absorption. Bone density is determined not only by the type and quantities of minerals absorbed, but also by the distribution in the body of the absorbed minerals. This is of special importance in the case of calcium due to its tendency to be deposited in soft tissue including the walls of arteries. Vitamin K plays a major role in keeping calcium inside bones and out of arteries. Under conditions of vitamin K deficiency, proteins are formed that are incapable of transporting calcium into bones. Vitamin D3 plus calcium has been proven to improve bone density when calcium alone did not. In order to utilise calcium in the process of bone building, the body needs adequate quantities of minerals mentioned above, as well as vitamin D3 in addition to magnesium and vitamin K. Collagen is also important in the process of bone formation and has to constantly regenerate – this is where vitamin C comes in, and peptides. The overall process of collagen synthesis comprises several steps and vitamin C is involved in each one of them – adequate quantities of vitamin C are a prerequisite for the healthy regeneration of bones. A decrease in new bone formation is caused not only by a drop in oestrogen levels, but also by a lack of progesterone. Using a natural progesterone cream or oil actively increases bone mass and density and can actually reverse osteoporosis. Consult your health practitioner for dosages, which are age dependent.

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Natural REMEDIES 82 BURDOCK ROOT 84 REISHI – the king of herbs


Really a hu tory, burdoc neutraceutica from colds to DAVID WOLFE Twitter @DavidWolfe With a master’s degree in nutrition and a background in science and mechanical engineering, David is one of the world’s top authorities on natural health and beauty, nutrition and herbalism. With over 15 years of experience, David has guided hundreds of thousands of people to higher levels of natural beauty, vibrant health and peak performance.

medicinal hismodern-world of ills ranging

r s i

Similarly, burdock root is part of the Native American-derived, cancer-fighting Essiac tea formula. Advocates of this formula (of which I am one) generally regard burdock root as one of nature’s best blood purifiers.


VITAMINS AND MINERALS TRADITIONAL HEALING Burdock root has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine (the ancient healing system of India) to alleviate skin challenges such as rashes, acne, abscesses, local skin infections, eczema, and psoriasis. Ayurvedic philosophy considers burdock root to be one of nature’s great skin cleansers and blood purifiers.

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Burdock root is very concentrated in both vitamins (B1, B2, B 3, C) and beauty minerals (iron, manganese, silicon and zinc). It is balanced between quantities of calcium and phosphorus, making it neutral in pH (a good characteristic for a root, as most roots, such as the potato, are acid-forming).

Herbalists often talk of the Doctrine of Signatures (through which foods look, feel, and taste like what they heal). The taste of burdock is almost slightly metallic, like blood, indicating its efficacy in that area.

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND GUT BENEFITS Burdock root is a nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory food. It is great for alleviating inflammatory conditions, especially those associated with psoriasis. Burdock root improves digestion, stimulates digestive juices, and increases bile flow and kidney function. Burdock root contains the compound inulin, which is a great food source for probiotics (friendly intestinal bacteria). The leaves of the burdock plant can be mashed and applied to stings produced by stinging nettles. This will alleviate the sting in minutes.

Its phallic shape indicates aphrodisiac qualities. In China, burdock is considered to be an aphrodisiac. I consider burdock root an excellent beautifier of the teeth. This characteristic probably corresponds to its brilliant white inner flesh. It also correlates with its high mineral content.

BURDOCK BREW I usually recommend that people start acclimating to the taste of burdock root by including it in their fresh juices. It is different and actually tastes quite good. A good juice to start with is: APPLE, CELERY, BURDOCK ROOT JUICE

Ingredients 2 apples 4 ribs of celery 1 burdock root Run all ingredients through a juicer.

How to select burdock root Select burdock roots that are crisp and somewhat stiff. If burdock is flimsy, it has lost its vitality. For those who have a garden, burdock root is easy to grow, especially in temperate climates. If you grow your own burdock and have an excess, you can thinly slice and dry the roots. These dried roots can be powdered and eaten, or they may be utilised for teas. Source Wolfe D. Eating for Beauty. North Atlantic Books, 2007.

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– the king

OF HERBS DALEEN TOTTEN Twitter @DaleenTotten She is editor, publisher and founding member of Natural Medicine and Dreamcatcher Publications. She has a passion for knowledge and strives to share the work of the brightest minds and biggest hearts in healing. For Daleen natural medicine is more than taking a pill for an ill philosophy. Natural medicine also encompasses nutrition, lifestyle, spiritual health, exercise, and emotional and mental well-being. She is the mother of three children.

In Chinese Medicine, reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) also known as the tree of life and the plant of longevity, has been used for more than four thousand years. In different regions of Asia this mushroom is known under different names such as heavenly, Ling Zhi (mushroom of spiritual potency) or celestial grass, the plant of luck and more: read on to find out why. Reishi is a mushroom from the Ganoderma family, which grows on the stumps of trees – in the past people believed that reishi mushroom harvested from oak and plum trees were superior in quality. There are many varieties of reishi mushroom. They grow all over the world and come in different colours and are used medicinally as an adaptogen, immune modulator and a general tonic.

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS Amongst other substances, the tissues of the reishi mushroom contain large quantities of

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active polysaccharides, coumarin, alkaloids, antioxidants such as polyphenols, flavonoids, vitamin C, and unsaturated fatty acids. Unlike most fungi, containing an average of 90% water, the reishi mushroom has a dry structure (75%) and is rich in useful nutrients.

MEDICINAL BENEFITS The polysaccharide content of the reishi mushroom is responsible for possible anticancer and immune-stimulatory effects. Reishi may also provide liver protective action and antiviral activity as well as benefiting the cardiovascular

system, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, weight loss and diabetes. Ů Anticancer effect: reishi extract increases the production of cytokines (signalling molecules) which are used by white blood cells to mark hostile tissues and cells. It is also used for preventing the occurrence of metastasis. Used as a supplement during the process of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, reishi reduces the negative effects of these therapies such as loss of appetite and fatigue. Shown in vitro, reishi has antitumour activity against various cancer cells of the gastrointestinal tract. As a polysaccharide reishi extract is capable of inducing apoptosis (cell death) in cells of human colon cancer.1 Ů Immunomodulatory effects: with the help of some of its components – the presence of high levels of polysaccharides, germanium and tripertene – reishi mushroom can strengthen the immune cells and improve the immune system. A study conducted by scientists from the University of Texas has confirmed that regular consumption of reishi can improve the immune system. Ů Supports respiratory system: reishi can significantly prevent the development of allergic reactions. It has been found that it relieves bronchitis, cough and other inflammatory conditions of the respiratory tract such as asthma. Ů Supports heart health: look at the reishi mushroom from above and you will see that it is the shape and colour of the heart. Another hint that red reishi is good for the heart is its nickname ‘king of herbs,’ supporting the ‘king’ organ – the heart. Red reishi has been shown to increase blood circulation and improve the flow of blood to the heart. The many biological compounds in reishi mushrooms may also lower blood pressure (a traditional use of the mushroom) and reduce cholesterol. Ů Weight loss: researchers in Taiwan published a study, suggesting that reishi mush-

room slowed weight gain by altering bacteria in the gut. The researchers suggested the mushroom could eventually be used in the treatment of obesity. In their report, the team said mushroom extract ‘may be used as prebiotics to reduce body weight gain, chronic inflammation and insulin resistance in obese individuals.’

Reference 1. Liang Z et al. Chemical characterization and antitumor activities of polysaccharide extracted from Ganoderma lucidum. Int J Mol Sci. 2014 May 22; 15(5):9103-16.

Professor Colin Hill, a microbiologist at University College Cork in Ireland, said: ‘The microbiome is certainly a key player in weight gain and weight loss, it's certainly involved in extracting energy from our food.’

HOW TO TAKE IT The most common reishi mushrooms prescribed are the red variety that are very bitter and unpalatable. Since reishi comes in a woody composition, it cannot be used raw, but rather as a tea, dry extract and in tonic form. The black reishi practically has no taste and can be combined with other herbs to make a flavourful tea.

SIDE EFFECTS Limited numbers of cases have registered some temporary symptoms such as dry nasal canals, dry mouth and throat. Adverse reactions are mild and may include dizziness, GI upset, nosebleeds and skin irritation.

DOSAGE Reishi can be consumed on a daily basis and is usually taken raw in quantities of between two to six grams a day, along with other similar herbs and fungi. If you take the dry extract, the recommended intake on the packaging is equivalent to the raw amount. Reishi can be found in complex adaptogenic liver health optimisers, immune-modulatory products with herbal components, and others.

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EAU THERMAL AVÈNE Many people have dry, dull, lacklustre skin, while others suffer from skin disorders ranging in severity from eczema to psoriasis. It can be difficult to find the right products to revive lifeless skin and to treat skin problems.

safety in caring for and nourishing the most sensitive skins.

Skin becomes dehydrated for two reasons: an alteration in the lipid film on the surface and a loss in cellular cohesion. This is when the water naturally contained in the skin evaporates in an excessive manner. When there is less than 10% water in the epidermis, the skin is dehydrated.

Hydrance Optimale UV Rich, 40 ml, R259.95 Hydrates and protects your skin from the sun with an SPF 20. This cream has a gentle, creamy texture. The hydrating ingredients increase the absorption and diffusion of Avène Thermal Spring Water and limit water loss. Enriched by Avène Thermal Spring Water, it soothes and calms irritated skin. Hydrance Optimale UV Rich is particularly recommended for sensitive dry to very dry skin. Apply in the morning to clean, dry skin. In the evening you can use Hydrance Optimale Rich instead.

You will know your skin is dehydrated when it feels tight and rough and fine lines start to appear on the surface. There may also be a tendency towards redness and skin flaking. Eau Thermal Avène is a specially formulated range of products – including cleansers, toners and moisturisers – recently available in South Africa, which provides the solution to dry, dehydrated and damaged skins. Water from a natural spring in Avène in the south of France forms the basis of the Eau Thermale Avène range. The water’s pure and unique composition has been used for its antiinflammatory and soothing effects for over 200 years. Today the water is channeled directly from the source to the production plant where all the products are manufactured. The spring water also goes to the Hydrotherapy Centre where it is used for treatments to manage and improve skin disorders. Avène products are recognised worldwide by dermatologists for their superior efficacy and

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Eau Thermal Avène has two new exciting hydrating products in its range:

Hydrance Optimale Soothing Hydrating Serum, 30 ml, R299.95 Provides instant, long-lasting and soothing hydration. This product is enriched with glycerin and its moisturising effect leaves your skin feeling and looking supple and radiant. Soothing Hydrating Serum is formulated for all types of sensitive skin. Before using, clean your face well, apply a few drops of Soothing Hydrating Serum morning and evening and massage in light circular movements. Allow it to fully absorb, then apply your moisturiser. Remember you cannot rehydrate the skin’s superficial layer by simply drinking water or wetting the skin. So, spoil yourself with Eau Thermale Avène. Avène products are available in selected Clicks stores nationwide.

Rehydrated, my skin looks radiant NEW

Made in France | | |

*IMS HEALTH – Pharmatrend Database including France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and Portugal – Hydration market (except oral version) – December 2014 MAT – In volume and value.

Available in Selected Stores


ARCON PRODUCTS FOR HEALTHY HAIR Hair loss is a common problem and can be caused by various factors ranging from seasonal changes to nutrient deficiencies, amongst others.

ARCON-TISANE® HAIR VITAMIN CAPSULES In 1987, Arcon International developed the nutritional supplement Arcon-Tisane® Hair Vitamin Capsules. This remedy has been so effective in preventing hair loss and encouraging new growth that it still holds the same original composition today. The capsules contain fenugreek seed concentrate as well as essential hair-active B-vitamins, supplying the body with those important nutrients it is unable to produce itself. The capsules assist with nourishment from within the hair cuticle, helping hair structures to strengthen, making the hair softer, more manageable, shiny and healthy. Arcon-Tisane® capsules are free from gluten, milk, sugar, preservatives, artificial dyes and genetically engineered substances.

ARCON-HAIR SHAMPOO Arcon-Hair Shampoo is enriched with fenugreek seed concentrate, grain protein and pro-vitamin B5. It helps strengthen hair follicles and promotes a healthy scalp by stimulating blood flow to the area. Grain protein, a natural plant protein, has a ‘hairrepair effect’ and assists in increasing the moisture content of the hair and the scalp, improving hair structure and lending hair its shine. Arcon-Hair Shampoo also contains calcium pantothenate (pro-vitamin B5), a natural and effective moisturiser for skin and hair. Arcon-Hair Shampoo is suitable for any type of hair and for daily hair washing.

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FULVICFORCE TONIC FulvicForce tonic is a fulvic acid solution extracted from the primeval South African coal deposits in the Waterberg. Its primary and key active component, fulvic acid, is the final product of the natural humification process – the decomposition of once-living matter, mainly plants. All humic substances, particularly fulvic acid, having been used as natural remedies for a very long time, are known for their biological activity and beneficial properties.

An organic, mineral, nutritional and remedial extract from ancient plants

Sustainable energy Lasting protection Immune system booster Improved skin Stronger connective tissue Support in chronic diseases Enhanced performance in sport Efective weight control

Fulvic acid is critical to the existence, growth and well-being of plants. It absorbs minerals, nutrients and biologically-significant elements present in soil as a result of microbial action, transforms inorganic minerals and trace elements into bioavailable forms, and easily transfers its rich pristine content inside plants’ living cells. It benefits humans in exactly the same way. The valuable properties of fulvic acid are well documented. For example, research shows that it has antiviral, antimicrobial, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Its usefulness for a wide variety of skin-related conditions has also been demonstrated. But the spectrum of nutritional and remedial support of fulvic acid is much wider. FulvicForce dietary supplement is manufactured in South Africa using a patented process of re-oxygenation of coal back to its humic and fulvic content. Thus, the product may be considered an extract from ancient plants, carrying their substantial mineral, nutritional and remedial value, from long before human industrial activities started the destruction of the Earth’s natural food resources.

HIDDEN TREASURE D South Africa’s one and only fulvic acid extracted from coal under a patented process

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Superior absorption at cellular level Minerals from ancient plants Efective cellular oxygenation Anti-oxidant and free-radicals scavenger Strong natural chelator and detoxiier Powerful natural electrolyte Anti-viral and anti-bacterial Anti-microbial and anti-inlammatory Promotes collagen production Anti-ageing / anti-wrinkling skin action Stimulates healthy alkaline pH

Experience what Nature intended for us but what we are deprived of by modern agricultural practices AVAILABLE AT LEADING HEALTH STORES AND PHARMACIES

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012 993 0707 / 082 940 6896

Fundraising for the Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital and Paediatric Healthcare in the Western Cape. The Children’s Hospital Trust is an independent charity (PBO No. 930 004 493) and works in partnership with the Western Cape Government: Health, who finances the running costs of the Hospital.

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Natural LIVING 92 WATER – the staff and stuff of life 96 MINERAL MAKE-UP – an overview



WATER – the staff and stuff of life We are water. Water is our life. Remove water from us for a few days and we die. But if we drink water that is not as pure as the water from which we evolved so many millennia ago, it can do us more harm than good.

GLENN ASHTON Twitter @ekogaia www.ekogaia.wordpress. com Glenn is a writer and researcher working on health, food safety and security and environmental issues. He has written extensively on the topic of genetically modified foods and is considered an authority on the subject. He contributed a chapter to and edited the recent book A Patented World? The Privatisation of Life and Nature, published by Jacana. View his website at for more of his writing on this and many other subjects.

Water is essential to all life on earth. If streams, rivers, ponds, swamps and wetlands are compromised and damaged, good water can soon turn bad. Polluted rivers damage the health of all organisms, including humans, which rely on them. Damaged wetlands fail to filter and clean water, with disastrous impacts.

A RESOURCE UNDER THREAT South Africans, like many other people living in drier parts of the world, are starting to realise just how precarious our water supplies really are. We currently trap and use more than 96% of the water that falls to earth, one of the highest proportions globally. Our water reserves are under pressure. We must protect what we have. News reports regularly disclose increasingly worrying information about the state of our water treatment and purification plants, particularly those in our smaller municipalities. Water

is not properly purified before being released back into water sources often used by those living downstream, exacerbating the problem. Agricultural run-off of nutrient- and chemicalladen water enters rivers and ends up in dams. This causes eutrophication (which means that excess nutrients in bodies of water stimulate excessive growth of plant life, especially algae), leading to toxin build-up in the water, increasing purification costs. Acid mine drainage is causing serious downstream impacts in the Witwatersrand, a watershed of many of our rivers. All this means that our limited water supplies are needlessly damaged and diminished. Compounding the problem, urbanisation and increased industrialisation in metropolitan hubs place a huge strain on our water supplies. For instance, Cape Town extracts its water from an area many times larger than the metropole itself. The Witwatersrand relies on distant water from the Thukela basin and Lesotho.

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WASTEFUL USE Cities then wastefully use this pure water for domestic and industrial requirements. Each flush of an urban toilet pollutes 10 litres of drinkable water. Every drop of otherwise clean water that ends up in a municipal wastewater treatment plant is effectively polluted and must be treated. Our existing wastewater systems are environmentally unsustainable, requiring huge energy inputs and emitting methane, CO2 and pharmaceutical and chemical-laden water. We need to reconsider how to deal with these challenges. The largest user of water is the agricultural industry, which consumes more than 65% of our total supply. Vast amounts are wasted by outdated irrigation methods. Agricultural run-off leaches high nutrient loads from animal farming operations, chemicals and fertilisers, polluting water sources. We can change this. Modern irrigation must be encouraged. For instance, sub-surface drip irrigation piping can reduce evaporative losses and salt build-up in the soil, a result of conventional irrigation that makes soil sterile and unusable. This has happened over vast swathes of Southern Australia, once a global grain-basket. Meat production is extremely wasteful in its use of water. Concentrated livestock operations produce high nutrient loads in the form of manure. This ‘waste’ should be transferred to bio-digestors, producing natural gas for fuel, clean water and fertiliser. Instead agricultural run-off contaminates major dams such as Hartebeespoort, which is now so polluted that the system is biologically dead. Untreated, this water would seriously harm people and animals. This is clearly a crazy way to treat such a precious resource. We must manage problems like acid mine drainage, water that becomes acidified and

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poisoned by high levels of heavy metals after mined areas are flooded by underground water. The acidity alone creates irreversible environmental damage to rivers and wetlands surrounding our coal, gold and other mines. Heavy metals compound the problem. These examples illustrate our national failure to care for our water properly. Polluted water is far more complex and expensive to manage than pristine water. Once a river is polluted it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to restore a sustainable ecosystem equilibrium.

NEW WAYS OF MANAGEMENT There are ways in which we can manage our lives to halt these destructive patterns. Firstly we must shift away from our obsolete practices, some of them centuries old – waterborne sewage is a prime example. We cannot permit industries to pollute water and then rehabilitate it at public expense. Disposing of polluted water into the sea is equally stupid, unsustainable and outdated. How do we modernise our practices? Fortunately we have many sustainable models to learn from. The city of Windhoek has been treating its sewage water to such high standards for over half a century that it is returned to the general water supply. Our present methods of treating sewage have to change – we simply cannot afford to lose the energy and nutrients embedded in the system, let alone the water! Dumping high-nutrient ‘waste’ into landfills must stop. We have reached an ecological and human crossroads in how we manage our planetary systems. We can either continue down the low road that will inevitably lead us into to a culde-sac of entropy, or we can take a high road where we care for our resources in ways that maintain ecosystem health, provide employment, food and fuel while purifying our water.

 Whole house iltration  Under-counter water ilters  Countertop water ilters


Think Smart The dominant economic model is one in which it is more profitable to destroy wetlands than to construct them. Why can we not build wetlands, mimicking natural habitats, to clean our water, and produce fuel and food in the forms of algae, biomass, fish and vegetables? If we are to survive we have to take care of our limited and rapidly diminishing water resources far more seriously than we do at present.

Pure, safe, chemical-free water from every tap in your home 4 reasons for using a whole house iltration system: ‡ Helps reduce the risks of drinking or bathing in chemically contaminated water. ‡ Truly efective shower ilter, ilters water at low temperatures to remove chlorine and other chemicals. ‡ Ensures protection from the carcinogenic efects of drinking and inhaling chlorine and other dangerous toxic chemicals. ‡ Protects against breakdowns in municipal water treatment and sanitation systems.

We currently externalise the environmental costs of making money. Instead of paying for the damage to our water, those who profit from it pass the costs on to the public. This happens in several ways: For instance, the tax we pay is used to fi x the environmental damage from acid mine water, and to offset health costs of organisms that thrive in polluted water.

WHAT CAN I DO? At a personal level, how can we deal with these impacts? Firstly we need progressive water laws that outlaw pollution and wasteful water use. Then we have personal and collective responsibilities to see these laws and regulations implemented. It is the polluter, not us, who must pay for their damage. We also need to change how we flush perfectly good water down the toilet by using non-potable water for flushing. At a personal level it is useful to filter water, to remove heavy metals, chemicals and to purify and sterilise water, especially in regions that have poor water treatment plants. Please, don’t buy or use bottled water – it is wasteful and polluting, and is usually only filtered tap water. We all have a role to play in caring for our resources. We humans, as water-based organisms, need to take proper care of our water. After all, water is not just life, it is us.

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E – an overview By DALEEN TOTTEN

Mineral make-up has come a long way over the last few years and is a wonderful alternative to traditional make-ups which are full of chemical dyes and preservatives. Go mineral and spoil yourself with something more natural to bring out your skin’s inherent glow. I tried mineral make-up about 10 years ago and didn’t like the powdery, caked-on effect. It was also only available in a very pale face powder and when applied it messed everywhere. But the mineral make-up scene has changed dramatically since then. We now have intense and gorgeous colours for eyes, lips, cheeks and face in fashion-forward brands and also for all skin colours. In ad-

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dition, mineral make-up is available in liquid and compact form – I would recommend this if your skin is very dry and you don’t like using a primer.

FLAWLESS POWDER FINISH I don’t like face powder, but mineral make-up is a powder without a powdery finish. In my opinion, it is not wrinkles that make a woman


COLOR SCIENCE Sunforgettable Mineral Sunscreen, SPF 30, powder foundation R1 118.00

look older, it’s the tone of her skin. And mineral make-up powder evens out the skin tone beautifully. When applied properly, the powder doesn’t settle into the fine lines and pores, leaving a flawless finish.

Tips on how to apply mineral make-up 1. Make sure you hydrate the skin by using moisturiser. If you show signs of ageing, hydrate, hydrate, hydrate! Choose a luxurious face cream, but ensure that your moisturiser is completely dry. You may need to blot the skin to ensure that the powder doesn’t deposit in one area. If you don’t mind silica, then using a non-greasy primer is another option to ensure smooth application of the powder and no flaking and caking. You don’t need to apply primer to the entire face, but only over the areas where you feel your make-up might sink into fine lines (around the lips, corners of the mouth and nose) or any area you feel you want smoothing out.

GLOW MINERALS Pressed Base Powder R608.00

2. Invest in the right brush. A loose fluffy brush often doesn’t pick up enough powder and a sponge can put too much powder in one place. You need a firm packed stiff brush with a dense brush head, allowing you to apply the powder evenly. 3. Pour some mineral make-up into the lid of your container. Swirl the brush in the lid, tap away the excess and apply to your skin in circular motion.

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BODYOGRAPHY Silk Cream Compact Foundation R395.00 012 621 3300

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SUN PROTECTION At my age, gone are the days of getting away with only applying tinted moisturiser. Now it’s moisturiser, serum, sunblock, eye cream, primer, and foundation. But if I can get a primer or foundation with sunblock, I’m on board. So look out for mineral make-up that acts as sunscreen, containing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. These minerals are not absorbed by the skin as they are micronised and reflect light. Do not buy products containing nanoparticles, as the jury is still out on safety. I just discovered an SPF50 sunblock mineral touch-up powder with a brush applicator. The idea is that you apply your make-up in the morning and touch up during the day with this sunscreen mineral powder. It’s not messy and small enough to pop into your hand bag – allin-one; so no need to also pack a brush. I love this idea. We know sunscreen doesn’t last all day and applying sunscreen during the day on top of make-up is just not going to happen! It is a pricy product, but if applied once a day, it can last nine months. A tinted primer (available in matt and gloss), with or without sunscreen, evens out redness, corrects skin tone and enables you to use less mineral powder. Apply it like a moisturiser (with fingers or a brush).

According to Paula Begoun, an author and speaker known as ‘The Cosmetics Cop’, titanium dioxide is produced from titanium (chalky, white and highly reflective in its natural state). Zinc oxide is derived from the mineral zinc to create a material that is effective at blocking the sun's rays. Paula evaluates the safety and efficacy of cosmetics.

WATER RESISTANT? If your mineral make-up claims to be waterproof or water resistant, there is a simple test you can do. Pour a glass of water and add your mineral make-up powder on top. Should there be any settling of the powder, or if stirred, it mixes with the water, then it’s not waterproof or water resistant.

PURE A big plus to mineral make-up powder is the list of left, out ingredients, including preservatives, parabens, chemical dyes, etc. It is much less likely to cause a reaction in women with sensitive skin. Having said that, this excludes most liquid mineral make-up which most likely contains some form of preservative.

ALWAYS READ THE LABEL Mineral make-up is generally made from purified and crushed minerals which are naturally occurring pigments from the earth including mica, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide and iron oxides.

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When looking for a good mineral make-up always read the label first. Avoid bismuth oxychloride (also known as synthetic pearl). It is a by-product of lead and copper metal refining mixed with chloride. It is non-toxic when used in cosmetics, but not natural (the International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, Eleventh Edition, 2006, lists bismuth oxychloride as a synthetic). People with sensitive skin may find that it irritates their skin and makes them feel itchy.




Feldenkrais We are always so busy ‘doing’ that we seldom experience simply being relaxed in our bodies and in our movements. Through Feldenkrais, you can learn to move more easily, benefiting both physically and mentally. The aim of Feldenkrais therapy is to enhance people’s awareness of how they move and expand their repertoire of movements by offering more choices to improve their function, enabling them to move with greatest ease.

HOW DID IT START? Moshe Feldenkrais was born in the presentday Ukrainian Republic, but moved to Belarus where he graduated from school. He completed an engineering degree in Paris and went on to become a doctor and physicist, after working at the Curies’ Radium Institute. In Paris he took up Judo, earning his black belt

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in 1936 – through an earlier involvement in Israeli self-defence groups, he’d studied Jiu Jitsu. Feldenkrais later moved to the UK where, in addition to his scientific career, he taught Judo and wrote prolifically on the subject. Spurred on by recurring knee pain from a soccer injury in his youth (for which he refused to undergo surgery), he studied experts such as Frederick Matthias Alexander, founder of the Alexander Technique, George Gurdjieff, an esoteric teacher of self-awareness through sacred dance and movement; Heinrich Jacoby, another supporter of self-awareness and sensitivity toward the ‘self’; and William H Bates, who worked to correct impaired vision based on psychological principles.

After moving permanently to Israel, and informed by his background in engineering, physics and science, as well as the work of the experts he’d researched, Feldenkrais developed his Awareness Through Movement® and Functional Integration® methods and turned to teaching fulltime. One of his clients was Israeli prime minister at the time, David ben Gurion. In the 1950s he took his work to Europe and the USA, and was involved in teacher-training till he fell ill in late 1981. He died in 1984.

WHAT DOES IT ACHIEVE? Based on similar principles to the Alexander Technique, Moshe Feldenkrais focused on how the way we move is influenced by mo-

tor (mechanical movement) development in infancy, the way our body adapts to injuries, and how we deal with the specific demands of sport, playing a musical instrument, singing, dancing, and so on. He saw that only when we understand the relationship between the different parts of our body are we able to make any conscious changes. We also need to be willing to take responsibility for our own body, instead of relying on others to ‘fix’ our ailments. To this end, he devised hundreds of exercises to teach us greater awareness of how our body functions; they’re also aimed at finding the position of most ease and efficiency in terms of movement, coordination and posture.

MARIËLLE RENSSEN Mariëlle is a writer and editor with a special interest in natural health and complementary therapies, stimulated by her own experience of integrative methods. She has authored many books on other topics, ranging from labyrinths and mazes, meditation and dyslexia to marathon running. She now spends more time in nature, her writing focusing on travels in the wilds of southern Africa and in the south-west US mountain states. To keep body, mind and spirit healthy Mariëlle doesn’t eat meat, practises yoga and runs half-marathons

‘In a perfectly matured body which has grown without great emotional disturbances, movements tend gradually to conform to the mechanical requirements of the surrounding world.... We so distort the even development of the system that many acts become excluded or restricted.’ ~ Moshe Feldenkrais, Higher Judo

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What’s important is there’s no effort involved and the exercises feel good. ‘They’re about not trying, not holding on but, instead, simply letting go,’ says Barbara McCrea, South Africa’s only internationally accredited Feldenkrais practitioner. They can be done by people of any age or level of fitness, who need have no previous knowledge of the Feldenkrais method, and they are enormously empowering. ‘A

appropriate nerve and muscle action. In essence, the technique uses gentle movement and focused attention to encourage improved mobility and human functioning. The result is better ease and range of motion, improving your quality of life both physically and mentally. McCrea asserts that skilful touch alone by a practitioner, in the one-on-one Functional Integration sessions, is sufficient to send new

Feldenkrais focuses on helping the body, via its nerve pathways, to selfcorrect and self-regulate teacher correcting you can make you feel inadequate and give you the sense of having to face unrealistic ideals,’ she explains. ‘Perfect alignment is an ideal that’s never achieved. Instead of telling people what they’re doing wrong, they need to know what to do instead.’ Teachers and students discover the Feldenkrais method to be a dynamic process, fluid and constantly evolving, because with it they are able to transform themselves, physically and mentally (a release experienced in muscular rigidity can lead to freer, less restricted thinking).

HOW DOES IT WORK? Feldenkrais, like the Alexander Technique, focuses on the function of our central nervous system – that is, helping the body, via its nerve pathways, to self-correct and self-regulate. All our sensory information is directed to the brain, from where it’s transmitted to the nervous system, which then stimulates the

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information to a nervous system that’s always ready to learn ‘through trial and error the most effective way to do something’. Witness how we, as children, learned to move and coordinate our limbs by testing and exploring the environment around us. ‘New pressure on and new movements of the limbs send information to the brain, which then scans it in search of clues to new habits, modifications and more constructive states of being,’ concludes McCrea.

WHAT CAN YOU EXPECT? Through a combination of the following two methods, Feldenkrais heightens our sensitivity to those areas of the body that are ‘out of awareness’ and ‘uninvolved’ in our daily functions.

Awareness Through Movement® When you join a class, you should wear loosefitting clothing and will probably remove your


shoes. During these classes, done as a group and lasting around an hour, the teacher verbally guides class members through precise movement sequences taken from ordinary daily activity. The intention is to lead you in a sensory way through the building blocks of motion which, when run together, make up a full movement. Many of the exercises, most done lying down, are based on infant development such as crawling, rolling, reaching, and are done fluidly and slowly so that the calming parasympathetic nervous system becomes dominant while your fight/flight response melts away. By practising each segment several times, experiencing the sensation of it and becoming familiar with how it feels, you learn to explore and understand the interconnectedness of m tionships – essentially how th (mental and physical) works t ate a single move. With your awareness finetune opens you up to new options t ease, less restriction and in tur ergy efficient. What’s likely is t to differentiate between how y at the beginning and at the en There is no set number of clas depends entirely on the studen sults can be observed doing on

Functional Integration® This takes place one on one, dressed in loose clothing stan lying on a padded bed. After your medical history and any sp requiring attention, the Feld tioner makes use of manual th case dissimilar to the Alexande although manipulations are no gentle. Touch involves firm but prodding, kneading, leaning pr ing, pulling or pressing strokes,

tating and freeing of limbs, not necessarily accompanied by verbal communication. Some teachers use padding, rollers or supports to help release the body’s chronic tightness. Based on your specific issue, the practitioner will suggest different options of moving or improving posture that you can take away with you to practise in your daily activities. She will tailor the session to suit the particular issues of the individual, whether it concerns an ongoing problem or is simply dependent on the day.

WHAT FELDENKRAIS CAN HELP This gentle movement re-education aims for optimum ease in the body, and in so doing frees the body from tension and stiffness,

Further information Barbara McCrea (member of Feldenkrais Guild, UK) is South Africa’s only Feldenkrais practitioner. No professionally certified training courses are run in South Africa, but Barbara runs classes, courses and workshops for professional development in the Feldenkrais Method in Cape Town and Johannesburg. Cell: 083-7457086 Email: Website: UK Feldenkrais Guild: US Feldenkrais Guild:

Feldenkrais is good for: Ŷ Chronic pain (neck, back, joints) Ŷ Breathing restrictions Ŷ Arthritis, fibromyalgia Ŷ Headaches Ŷ Repetitive strain injury Ŷ Frozen shoulder Ŷ Recovery from a stroke, surgery or physical injury Ŷ Neurological disorders Ŷ Improved performance among sportspeople, horse riders, dancers, musicians

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Photographer: Mark Le Grange


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It’s time to take stock and look long and hard at your life. It’s time to blow away the cobwebs, be positive, be strong and make a change for the better. The practice of yoga can help you along the road of self-renewal. Transform your life. What exactly does that mean? Well, have you ever thought, ‘Is this it?’ Maybe your life hasn’t worked out as planned. Your dreams may have been shattered. You thought things would have worked out differently. Perhaps you have lost yourself or feel trapped? Perhaps you hate your job, you dislike your boss, you are in a toxic relationship that no longer serves you, or you have just lost yourself in other people, your family, your career and you have no idea who you are anymore, what your likes and passions are? Potentially you have no time for yourself, you feel stressed, tired, irritable, moaning all the time. You feel inadequate, you are not good enough, and you feel like you can’t cope. You are under so much pressure. Life is too busy, too rushed, how are you supposed to be super human? To be honest you are actually just not all that much fun to be around. But worst of all, you really don’t like yourself anymore. I am sure we have all had moments in life when we feel like this. It might be a fleeting moment. It might be days, might be months, or it could be years.

WHAT IF? What if you could change all that? What if you could feel radiant, energised, inspired, passionate, and excited to be alive? What if you do what you love, love what you do and are making a living by making a difference?

Maybe you are in a supportive, healthy, loving relationship and spend time with people who make you laugh and feel good about yourself. Perhaps you have mastered the work/life balance and you have time, not just to give to everyone else, but time for yourself as well. You feel that your life has meaning and purpose, you feel like everything is flowing. You feel amazing, fit, healthy, and strong. You feel free, you feel happy, you feel part of something, you feel inspired and know that you have enough energy and love to support and inspire others. You are so happy and content and grateful. AND YOU SHINE. What if you had this power to transform your life? If you had tools and ways to make this happen, would you?

WAVES OF DESPAIR Life is like a wave as it is always changing. Sometimes you are surfing the top of the wave and sometimes you are drowning at the bottom. However, the waves are always flowing – and you have a choice to change and flow with it. I know often we feel we don’t have a choice. We feel trapped. We feel like we don’t have any power or control. Believe me, I know.

SHARNI QUINN Instagram: @Sunshine_ Yoga_Angel Facebook: followthesunza As founder of Follow the Sun, a yogi, life coach, speaker, writer, and a lover of wooded Chardonnay, Sharni’s passion is to inspire balance, health, wholeness and happiness in others in a light-hearted, yet profound way. Sharni focuses on personal transformation and inspires others to live a radiant life through her ‘Secrets of Sunshine’ Program incor! "$ * *  Coaching and Travel.

APRIL 2016

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I know because I have been there. I have been at rock bottom with no further down to spiral. I have been to my place of ‘darkness’, of being physically ill due to the emotional turmoil of going through my divorce and leaving my husband.

A JOURNEY My story is one of being in the depths of despair and yet searching for hope, changing my life, travelling for nine months through India, Bali and Australia, seeking the sunshine and doing yoga for charity along my own ‘Follow the Sun’ Journey. It is my story of returning home with nothing. Having to start again with no home, no car, no job . . . and friends with everything. It is my story of courage, going through adversity and about dealing with the most common of all fears. It is my personal transformation journey about the processes that helped me through it and the miracles, and acts of grace which assisted me along the way. Through using these valuable tools I learned, my story continues to building a business, Follow the Sun, developing the ‘Secrets of Sunshine’ Program, and through my yoga teaching, personal life coaching, workshops, writing, women’s talks, ‘Eat, Play, Yoga’ Journeys to Bali and Sri Lanka, local ‘Yoga & Wine’ weekends, our Corporate Wellness Program, I encourage others to do what they love, listen to their intuition and live a life of health, wholeness and happiness. This empowers, transforms, uplifts and ultimately heals the soul – theirs and mine. Reference 1. Iyengar BKS. The Tree of Yoga. Ninth Impression 2005. HarperCollins Publishers India. Foreword.

THE POWER OF YOGA I learned many tools along the way; however there was always one particular common thread throughout my whole journey. One

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healthy ‘crutch’ (you might call it that) kept me going, that drew me towards the light, that literally saved me, and transformed my life. This was the power of yoga. During my time of ‘darkness’, I couldn’t actually practise my yoga. I would literally feel faint after one Sun Salutation. My usually strong yoga classes were reduced to me spending most of the hour folded over in child’s pose or lying on my back in Savasana. I had made myself sick due to stress and a toxic relationship. Eventually I had to change my routine – no more Ashtanga Yoga, Vinyasa or Power Yoga. All I could handle was a very gentle pregnancy yoga class. Through my journey, however, I kept on practising. I kept on getting onto my yoga mat. Even though I couldn’t physically attempt my ‘normal’ yoga poses, I didn’t give up. I took everything that I had learned as a yoga teacher and not only got onto my mat every day, but mainly focused on implementing the philosophy of yoga, the true essence of yoga. This was an enormous transformation for me – yoga was now not what I was doing on my mat but what I was bringing to the world, and how I was treating myself.

THE ESSENCE OF YOGA Yoga is an ancient tradition. It started more than 5 000 years ago in India and was used as a tool to assist yogis, and the everyday people, to reach Samadi, or bliss. Today the ultimate goal of yoga seems to be to get yourself in the most awe-inspiring yoga pose and then post it on Instagram. Yoga is however a combination of spiritual practices


recharge BODY: ODY

(non-religious), physical asanas, breathing and relaxation techniques, and a philosophy of life. The essence is still the same. The essence is to transform our lives so that we reach our happy place, our place of bliss, radiance and sunshine. BKS Iyengar writes, ‘My subject is yoga – the path which cultures the body and senses, refines the mind, civilizes the intelligence, and takes rest in the soul which is the core of our being. It is unfortunate that many people who have not penetrated the depth of yoga think of this spiritual path to self-realization as being merely a physical discipline, and the practice of hatha-yoga as nothing but a kind of gymnastics. But yoga is more than physical. It is cellular, mental, intellectual and spiritual – it involves man in his entire being.’1

Cape Town has so much to offer in the way of natural beauty – dazzling white beaches, gracious mountains and breathtaking oceans – as well as great restaurants and award-winning wines. No wonder tourists, both local and international, flock to visit the Mother City every year. And no wonder more and more people are moving to Cape Town to live.

YOUR YOGA JOURNEY As you continue on your yoga journey and your own personal transformation path, you will discover something of the wealth and the power of yoga which takes you, in Iyengar’s own words, ’from the surface of the skin to the depth of the soul.’

Recharge Body, a premier mobile yoga, Pilates and massage service provider, has hit the market and is catering to many people living in and visiting Cape Town.

Think of yoga as preparing you to take your place in life for the health and happiness of yourself, of other people, for the environment around us, and for our wonderful planet itself. Imagine yoga is developing your mental, emotional and physical functioning, your love, compassion and gratitude, so that you can function in the world in a more effective way – imagine how this ancient tool can change and transform your life!

Recharge Body caters to the many health-conscious, nature-loving people of Cape Town. The company has a broad range of specialists to help you tone, exercise, relax and meditate in the comfort of your home or hotel room.

Follow your heart, discover your bliss, get on your mat, live the yogic lifestyle and transform your life to one that you have always dreamed of.

APRIL 2016

Visit to find out more or email

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Ever read something that made you healthy?

Be health curious



& soul

INNER THOUGHT &OUTER CONDITION We need to embrace our inner creativity and listen to our Soul in order to live life in rhythmic harmony.

DR JOHN DEMARTINI BSC, DC. He is a leading inspirational speaker, authority on human behaviour, teacher and author. His knowledge and experience are a culmination of 35 years of research and study of more than 28 000 texts in over 200 disciplines ranging from psychology, philosophy, metaphysics and theology to neurology and physiology.

All existence is based on components, Sound and L ‘And God said, "Let there be Light, there was Light”.’ Every one of us reson on a specific and unique frequency ‘fingerprint’ of Sound and Light, just as e crystal or musical instrument has its own individual tone and hue. Whatever frequency, circumstances are attracted to which harmonise with it. Like attracts water seeks its own level. If we fear, the disharmony of fear is brought forth, unti learn to change our tune, for such is the o and freedom of the Universe. If we Love, t Heaven’s own choir sings with us. Several old-fashioned cuckoo clocks be placed on a wall, with their pendul swinging at different rates. Within a day the pendulums will swing together in uni

A tuning fork, which is struck and then held near the strings of a guitar, will cause the guitar to hum along. This is the law of harmonic vibration. Humanity itself marches in armies to the beat of whatever distant drummer is most attractive at the moment. Even our Universe has rhythm; just ask the stars. Our mind is continuously reflecting lightness and darkness, generating a symphony or cacophony of our dominant thoughts. Imbalanced dominant thoughts produce an unappealing disharmony called ‘noise.’ A room full of quiet children is improbable at best, unless the teacher is there to guide them. Adults generate a more sophisticated, more practised brand of noise. If at some point a strong and dominating desire arises for a person, place, or thing (called an infatuation), a pattern arises in which later infatuations and inevitable


& soul

resentments dominate otherwise sensible behaviour. Witness today’s modern newlyweds, each on their third marriage, while the band plays ‘Love is a Many-Splendoured Thing’. If we focus on poverty, then poverty calls for the song of further poverty, to support our illusion of that vision. What we fear comes near, because we strengthen our focus on that thought. If we loosen the bonds of fear, concentrating instead on Love, the opposite occurs: a focus point of wealth, material or spiritual, resonates with the Universal law of mental precipitation. Nothing succeeds like success; and banks are always happy to lend money to people who have plenty of it. We ourselves choose what will enter our lives, as victim or victor, consciously or unconsciously, according to our needs, wants, desires and loves. It is our destiny to recognise our Creator, and the creativity endowed within us. We become Masters of Life insofar as we demonstrate our understanding of Love, Wisdom, Power, Grace, Humility and Gratitude. Our mind is purified, drop-by-drop, as we learn to edit our dominant thoughts, eliminating dense and cloudy obfuscation, and listening to clear messages of our Soul, with its music of the spheres and harmony of the angels. We are guided by our Soul upward, outward to the Light and Sound of God. For it is commanded, ‘They who have eyes, let them see, and they who have ears, let them hear.’ Source Demartini JF. The wisdom of the oracle. 1st Books LibraryTM. 2001.

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hat do I mean by Healing? not the curing of a disease,

dis-ease in the soul, the deep <IBPDNC AMJH RCD>C R@ <GG NPอบ@M throughout our lives, whether we are conscious of it or not. 0CDN DN JPM NKDMDOP<G NPอบ@M

Natural medicine april 2016