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UNIT 1 ADVERTISING ON THE AIR

SIMPLE PRESENT (3rd person Singular (he, she, it) infinitive + -s) The simple present tense indicates an action in the present time which is not finished. Example: Advertising: Who people work in advertising of the publicits “Open English” are very funny.

Techique: Wallmart work every day in the “Dumping Techique of low price. PRESENT PROGRESIVE (Simple Present of 'to be' + -ING) The Present Progressive is used for actions that have begun but not finished. Example: The costumers are always buying in products in discount. Slogans are usually very attractive. Vocabulary: Advertising: is a form of communication for marketing and used to encourage Consumers: An individual who buys products or services for personal use Sound effects: An imitative sound, as of thunder or an explosion, produced artificially for theatrical purposes, as for a film, play, or radio program


Techique: Any method used to accomplish something. Factors: to express a number or expression as a product Appeals:petition may concern groups and formal or public requests. Emphasize: to give emphasis or prominence to; stress

UNIT 2 IDENTITY THEFT

MODAL OF ADVICE: should + simple form of a verb (no to) ought + to + simple form of a verb. Should, should not, ought to, had better. USE: Should and ought to have the same meaning. They are used to give advice, or say what is the right thing to do. Had better (or 'd better) has also the same meaning, but it's stronger Example: You should call at the police. You shouldn't tell lies. I have a very important meeting at 8, I had better not be late. Vocabulary: Confirm: to prove to be true or valid; corroborate; verify Charges: To postpone payment on (a purchase) by recording as a debt Purchases: The act or an instance of buying. File a complain: Report to regulatory agency about violations of law or standars of products.


Paranoid: Exhibiting or characterized by extreme and irrational fear or distrust of others Proof of identification: is any document which may be used to verify aspects of a person's personal identity. Deal with: to take action with respect to a thing or person.

Bruce Lee was born in San Francisco California in 1940, because his mother pregnant visited USA. He lived in Hong Kong. When Bruce was 18 years old, he returned a USA and visited San Francisco. Bruce started to practice Martial arts with his best friend Jesse Glover. Bruce began to practice Kung Fu and he had a lot of members in your academy. Bruce and Jesse were partners in a big business to practice exercises and Martial Arts. The Company grow up in other places in USA. Bruce married Linda Emery and had a son called Brando. Lee was a great actor and participated in many films and documentaries. He died when he was 33 years old. The foundation called Bruce Lee continues to promote the Martial Arts.


When I was young, I saw the movies. I like to practice exercises and I love the biographies of great athletes.


“EVERGREEN�

My country called Evergreen. Is a paradise located in the heart of EUROPE. You can find it between Germany and France. This nation is about 4 times the size of Costa Rica. Evergreen is a beautifull country. It has 3 incredible lakes. The name of the lakes are, Sky, Diversity, and Canopy. All the lakes are very clean and you can swimm yearround. They are very safe. The name of Sky Lake is because the color of the water. Is like the sky, Light blue. Diversity Lake is famous because you can dive and observe a great diversity of fishes.


Canopy Lake is small lake but the water is always warm. It is surrounded by forest with very high canopies. The Capital of Everygreen is LEFLEUR. LEFLEUR is located around the Canopy Lake. It is a beatiful, clean and peacefull city. The buildings are painted in blue and white color. In every corner you can find colorful flowers. Many tourists visit this city. The population is 8 million people. Most of the people live in the capital and they are agricultures. The lands around the lakes are very fertile so the economy of this nation depends on the production of flowers and exotic herbs. They export and process all the production to the rest f the World. This country is called everygreen because of the plantations. The people of Evergreen are hardworkers and atletic. The most import sports are bicycling and swimming. They have several Gold olympic atletic. The people of everygreen are famous because they are very rich. They save a lot of Money.


They speak two languages. They speak Tanzi. Tanzi is a dialect. It is mixture of french and spanish. They also speak german. The president of Evergreen is a women, she is very young. She a relative of Mandela. Her name is Karina LeGrand. She was elected last year. The next election will be in 4 years. The education of Evergreen is very hard but it is free. Evergreen is a very atractive nation. Many tourist go for vacation. They stay close to the lakes in little chalets. I hope some day I will visit this nation with all my family.

TUNA SANDIWICH Ingredients: Italian bread (1) Butter

(1 onz)

Tuna

(1 cup)

Tomatoe

(1)


Onion

(1 onz)

Letucce

(1)

Mayonaise

(1)

Ketchup

(1)

Chesse

(1)

TO PREPARE  Cut the Italian bread  Spread butter  Whash tomatoe, lettuce  Shop tomatoe, onion and lettuce  Spread mayonnaise and tomatoe ketchup  Add to tuna, tomatoe, lettuce and chesse  Put the sandwich in the over. UNIT 3 ENDURANCE TEST

Reflexive and Reciprocal pronouns. Himself: He himself prepared everything. myself: I run the race myself Yourself: Oscar, you have to believe in yourself. Themselves: We can finish the course ourselves.


Another: I want another glass of water Other: Susan ate the other piece of cake. TO ASK FOR AN OPINION: Example: What do you think about the Boston Marathon. Do you agree to run in temperatures up to 0 farenheit. Vocabulary: Ration: specific amount of something Course: the path of a race Marathon: 26 mile race. I run the Chicago Marathon in 2009. Endurance: difficult races Goal: objectives Finish line: I crossed the finish line many times Oponent: a person who is on an opposing side in a game Goal: the terminal point in a race. Unique: existing as the only one or as the sole example


SLANG=INFORMAL ENGLISH

UNIT 5 CULTURE AND COMMERCE FUTURE PREDICTIONS WITH IF-CLAUSES Will + base form to make predictions about the future. Tomorrow it will be sunny He won´t buy a car because he doesn´t have money.


If Victor studied hard, she would pass her exam. Vocabulary: Traditions: beliefs, legends, customs, information from generation to generation. Controversy: disputation concerning a matter of opinion. Degrading: to lower in dignity or estimation Preserve: to keep alive or in existence Zoo: a parklike area in which live animals are kept in cages or large enclosures for public exhibition. Confident: a confident speaker. Sad: affected by unhappiness or grief Angry: feeling or showing anger or strong resentment Village: a small community or group of houses in a rural area Destroy: reduce an object to useless fragments Equipment: to cause confusion and shame to; make uncomfortably

Country: Liberia Capital: Monrovia. Languaje: Englisch Life expectancy: 39 years Liberia is a country founded by citizens of the United States as a colony for African slaves. There is only one other state in the world created by citizens of a country to former slaves: Sierra Leone, which was created for the same purpose by the United Kingdom. On 16 September 2005, Liberia acceded to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, abolishing the death penalty, but reintroduced in July 2008


The law allows execution for armed robbery, rape, terrorism In Liberia, Senator Jewel Howard Taylor presented a bill to punish homosexual acts with death. Several people were sentenced to death in 2010 I am against the death penalty. Basically I am against it because I believe in God and one of his commandent states "YOU WILL NOT KILL/Murder." I also believe that this is not a good solution to prevent or to reduce the crimes. It has high cost to execute a criminal. Other important fact is the risks of executing innocent people. The systems are not perfect and someone can be convicted by mistake. If the person goes to prison by mistake he or she can be released. If he is executed by mistake there is no way back, he will be already dead When I read the newspaper and see news of horrible crimes I think different for one short moment. Like for example, the ones that put the bomb in the Boston Marathon. These killers deserve the death penalty. They killed innocent people !. All the process to execute someone is very very expensive. It is cheaper to have somebody life in prison. Also it is better to spend money in security and avoid the crimes than to go into the process to execute someone. Many countries approve the death penalty. Thanks God in Costa Rica we do not have it.


One upon a time there was a Little town called Tuky in Italy, where the were everybody was very happy hardworking and honest. It was a very safety town, the houses were left with open doors. One day Madame Erika an old lady noticed that somebody took all her bread. Next day Mr. Large also noticed that all his eggs were missing, and then Miss Butterfly said somebody took all her milk. Every day something was missing in the town. The town decided to left a house open full of food and catch the tief. The tief was caught. The pusishment was to hang him from a tree. They were ready to hang him, but a young voy defended him and said “ don’t kill him, I know this man, he is the father of my friend Valentino, this man has 5 kids and no woman, he robs food to feed his kids” The town decided to forgive him and the Bakerman gave him work and the Backerg. Now he works and doesn’t need to steal food for his kids. The town Tuky now is again happy and safe town.


One upon a time there was a Little town called Tuky in Italy, where the were everybody was very happy hardworking and honest. It was a very safety town, the houses were left with open doors. One day Madame Erika an old lady noticed that somebody took all her bread. Next day Mr. Large also noticed that all his eggs were missing, and then Miss Butterfly said somebody took all her milk. Every day something was missing in the town. The town decided to left a house open full of food and catch the tief. The tief was caught. The pusishment was to hang him from a tree. They were ready to hang him, but a young voy defended him and said “ don’t kill him, I know this man, he is the father of my friend Valentino, this man has 5 kids and no woman, he robs food to feed his kids” The town decided to forgive him and the Bakerman gave him work and the Backerg. Now he works and doesn’t need to steal food for his kids. The town Tuky now is again happy and safe town. UNIT 7 VOLUNTARY SIMPLICITY Non-count nouns "The students have a tremendous amount of work to complete before the end of the year." A little, not much, little, or too much.


Count nouns "The number of people in the club exceeded the maximum occupancy." Few, many, several, or a couple of. Vocabulary: Ashamed: feeling shame Delight: a high degree of pleasure or enjoyment Gained: to get (something desired), especially as a result of one's efforts: Convince: to move by argument or evidence to belief Fossil fuels: any naturally occurring carbon or hydrocarbon fuel Produce: to bring into existence Simplicity: the state, quality, or an instance of being simple. Take it easy: relax and take care Insane: not sane


Homesteading: an act or instance of establishing a homestead. Natural world: Nature, in the broadest sense, is equivalent to the natural world, physical world, or material world.

MY TEAM CALLED COVELOX I have a team called Covelox. They are 35 members. All members practice to exercises every Friday at 5:00am. The group is compose with amateurs, level middle and advance. I study psical education and I love practice all sports. I run a lot or races in Cr and some international races. The people is very happy when are running. The sports is a motivation for life every day.


UNIT 8 BEFORE YOU SAY “I DO”

COMPARATIVES AND ECUATIVES As + Adjective + as: Victor is as tall as his father. She is taller than I. She is the most loving wife Vocabulary: Agreement: Harmony of opinion; accord. Couples: Two people united, as by betrothal or marriage occurs: Against: Contrary to; opposed to: Switch: To connect, disconnect, Behave: To conduct oneself in a specified way Tie the knot


Belief: To have firm faith, especially religious faith. FiancĂŠe: a man engaged to be married; Honeymoon: A holiday or trip taken by a newly married couple. Bridal gown: wedding dress, Tuxedo: A man's formal dress Bride: A woman who is about to be married or has recently been married. Pre-nuptial agreement: a contract made between a man and woman before they marry Bachelor: An unmarried man. Widow: A woman whose spouse has died and who has not remarried. Couple: two persons married Expectations: expectation is what is considered the most likely to happen Propose: to form or put forward a plan or intention Spouse: A spouse is a partner in a marriage

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