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Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica Ecotourism

Locations in St. Thomas

May 2014 - Issue 1 - Volume 1

Cultural History?

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Cultural Heritage

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Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

St. Thomas is a suburban parish situated at the south eastern end of Jamaica, within the county of Surrey. It is the birthplace of the Right Honourable Paul Bogle.

Cultural Heritage locations: Prospect

What is Cultural Heritage? Cultural Heritage is the representation of the ways of life developed by society and passed on from generation to generation, including traditions, practices, locations and values.

Lyssons Public beach Yallahs River Bath Fountain Hotel and Spa Bath Botanical Gardens Rozelle Falls Princess Margaret Hospital Old Pera


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Prospect, St. Thomas

A view from one of the small beaches in Prospect.

One of the many small beaches in Prospect, St. Thomas. If driving east from Morant Bay, you will first pass Golden Shore and a little further east you will find Prospect Beach. (The turn-off is the road for the VIP Lounge.) This is another one of St. Thomas’s many beautiful public beaches.


The old changing house at Prospect beach.

Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

A fisherman building his fishing pot to set out to sea.

A view along the coast of a small beach in Prospect.

A car parked at one of the small beaches at Prospects.

This unusually shaped mound could be seen at the main beach in Prospects.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Lyssons Public Beach

A view of the horizon from Lyssons public beach.

Lyssons public beach provides a good place to go swimming and is one of the best in St. Thomas. The beach cottage next door is owned by the University of the West Indies, Mona. This serene beach is slightly east of Morant Bay, and is near the Golden Shore Beach Hotel.

People frolicking at Lyssons public beach. 6

Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

St. Thomas’s capital city Morant Bay was the site of the famous 1865 rebellion which was triggered by worsening socio-economic conditions under which ex-slaves were forced to live. The Morant Bay Rebellion, as it became known, resulted in hundreds of people being killed in retaliation by the state. National heroes Paul Bogle and George William Gordon were later executed along with scores of other citizens from Stony Gut and neighbouring communities for supporting the rebellion. St. Thomas is regarded by many as the parish where the African heritage is the strongest, where Kumina and Obeah is heavily used.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Yallahs River, St. Thomas

The Yallahs River is usually filled with enormous boulders, but it can become a raging surge during the raining season which runs from July to November since its source lies some 4,500 feet up in the Blue Mountains. Substantial landslides have developed in the Upper Yallahs River Watershed and, as a result, the river carries silt loads and floods its banks far more quickly in recent times.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

The river is currently dry because the rainy season has not yet started.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Bath Fountain Hotel and Spa There are a few variations to the story of how Bath Fountain came about, but according to the more popular version a runaway slave discovered the hot mineral springs in the 1690s. The warm waters reportedly healed chronic ulcers on his legs so he returned to tell his master about his discovery. In 1699, the government bought 1,130 acres of land which included the spring and built the Bath Fountain. They then created the town of Bath. It is alleged that 30 slaves built the road and the hospital which offered free treatment to the sick. Soon afterwards people started assembling at the Bath seeking relief from various ailments and it subsequently became a popular resort. The facts are that the waters at Bath contain sulfur, magnesium, lime and other minerals which have been proven to have therapeutic value for treating skin problems and rheumatism.

The lobby area of Bath Fountain Hotel and Spa. 10

Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

The flora and fauna on the grounds of Bath Foutain Hotel and Spa.

The water at the Hotel and Spa flows from two rocks, producing both hot and cold supplies. The water is pooled together before being fed to the guest bathhouses. Over the years the place fell into disrepair and the road leading up to the Spa is in a deplorable condition. The small old hotel is clean and spacious, and the baths are open to hotel guests 24 hours although some people might prefer the short hike upstream to the open air mineral springs where the hot water gushes from out of rocks and from bamboo poles.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

The bus that transports the visitors at the Hotel and Spa.

The hot water at the Hotel and Spa which reaches up to 1, 280 째F and cold water at 115 째F amazingly pour from the same igneous rocks above the Sulfur River, and is mixed in the bath to a suitable bathing temperature.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Bath Fountain Hotel & Spa


Address: Bath P.O. St. Thomas Jamaica Phone: 1-(876)-703-4345, 1-(876)-703-4154 Fax: 1-(876)-703-4405 E-Mail:


8:30 - 11:00 am


12:00 noon - 4:00 pm

Services Offered Hotel: Superior Room Moderate Room

Dinner 6:00 - 8:00 pm (N.B. snacks and drinks are available for purchase throughout the day. Meals are also prepared to order)

$6,800/night - Single/Double $5,300/night - Single/Double Ammenities and Other Services: $7,560/night - Triple Cable TV Hot and Cold Mineral Water in all rooms ***rates include a daily 20-minute bath*** Massage Room Beauty Salon Baths: Gymnasium Roman Baths Gated Property with 24/7 Security Jaccuzis Wake-Up Call (N.B. visitors are free to bathe at the nearby river, which is the hotel’s source of mineral water)


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Bath Botanical Gardens Bath Botanical Gardens was established in 1779 by the government. It is the second oldest botanical garden in the Western hemisphere with the oldest being in St. Vincent. Most of the exotic plants introduced to Jamaica were first planted at the Bath Botanical Gardens. These include plants such as the Jacaranda, Bougainvillea, Mango, Cinnamon and the Breadfruit brought by Captain Bligh. The sad fact is that the garden is much smaller today than when it was first established and carries little trace of what it used to be.

The Garden’s entrance.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Views of the garden from diferrent angles.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Rozelle Falls

Come and enjoy a bath under the cool water flowing out of the mountain. Park your car across the road and just cool down after a long day. 16

Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Rozelle Falls is a small multi-branch waterfall which materialises from the rocks at the side of the road and in times of heavy flow sprays the road surface. Rozelle Falls is popular with locals who are often seen bathing unashamedly at the side of the road. The site is particularly charming because of its informality. There is no provision for parking; the small number of travellers who stop leave their cars by the sea side and walk across the road to bathe.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Old Pera

Known to the locals as ‘Lawrence Cay’ this little island in the middle of the sea is easily accessable to visitors and locals alike. To reach the cay, visitors can walk in the sea as the water is waist-high. A visit to this cay is good for family trips and group outings. So come and enjoy the view from ‘Lawrence Cay’.

Visitors may access the cay from this location by walking in waist-high water. 18

Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

The sea coast curves around the island and it would be an adventure for visitors to Old Pera to walk the length of the coast. Come and experience the different types of sand at strategic locations on this coast line.

This was once a connected piece of land now deteriorated by numerous hurricanes that have affect the island over the year.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica

Princess Margaret Hospital

The Princess Maragaret Hospital was named for Princess Margaret, princess of Great Britain and younger sister of Queen Elizabeth II. She assumed the responsibility of touring the Commonwealth countries after the death of her father, King George VI, in 1952. On one of these trips the unveiling of the Princess Margaret Hospital was done. The Princess Margaret Hospital(PMH), is situated in Eastern St. Thomas, Jamaica, replacing the former Morant Bay Hospital which was destroyed by Hurricane Charlie in 1951.


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica


Cultural History in St. Thomas, Jamaica


St Thomas-Naturally Connect, a cultural magazine based on locations in St Thomas Jamaica.

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St. Thomas, Jamaica with its cultural history