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TAMARA KINNEY MASTER OF INTERIOR DESIGN PORTFOLIO


TAMARA KINNEY BID, MID Candidate, LEED Green Associate

EDUCATION

The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture | Austin, TX

Master of Interior Design, specializing in Sustainable Design Fall 2012 - Spring 2014

Ryerson University | Toronto, ON, Canada

Bachelor of Interior Design Fall 2007 - Spring 2012

Istituto Superiore di Architettura e Design | Milan, Italy

Summer Atelier in Interior Yacht Design Summer 2011

Parsons School of Design | New York, NY

Summer intensive studies in Interior Design Summer 2007

EMPLOYMENT

UTSoA Materials Co-op + Resource Center | Austin, TX Teaching + Research Assistant

Summer 2013 - Present

Mountain Home Decor | Whistler, BC, Canada

Social Media + Visual Director Spring 2012 - Present

Whistler Interior Design Ltd. | Squamish, BC, Canada Interior Design Intern

Summer 2009


tamara.kinney@me.com 512.415.1985 Austin, TX

PROFESSIONAL SKILLS LEED Green Associate, and currently studying for LEED AP ID+C. Proficient in AutoCad 2D + 3D drafting and rendering, Revit 3D modeling and rendering, Rhinoceros 3D modeling and rendering, Google Sketchup, Adobe CS6 suite, Microsoft Office suite, hand drafting + advanced sketching. EXHIBITIONS

WEST Austin Studio Tour | UTSoA Materials Co-op + Resource Center | Austin, TX Masters Design Thesis Installations | Spring 2014

Exhibiting May 2014

UTSoA Interior Design 100 Year Celebration Press Kit | Austin, TX

Ruff Collar + Ruff Rose Panel | Fall 2012 Published Fall 2013

Architecture Center Houston - ArCH | Houston, TX

Ruff Rose Panel | Fall 2012 Exhibited Spring 2013

ACHIEVEMENTS

George M. Page Endowed Graduate Fellowship Award

The University of Texas at Austin | Fall 2013

Graduate School Continuing Fellowship

The University of Texas at Austin | Fall 2012 + 2013

Honors Society | Academic Association The University of Texas at Austin | Spring 2013


MASTERS DESIGN THESIS | HAND WORK | FALL 2013 + SPRING 2014 | IN PROGRESS


Master’s Design Thesis | A sustainable ceiling installation fabricated from regional wool that will improve the interior environment through humidity regulation, acoustic control and VOC absorption, while also serving as an aesthetically pleasing piece of art. The use of vernacular, locally-sourced materials from a small-scale ranch in Dripping Springs, TX greatly decreases transportation and manufacturing emissions. The local supply chain model provides increased environmental, social, economic and human health benefits to the design. The design solution provides an intimate space while seated beneath, both visually and spatially. Optimal acoustic control is created for conversation spaces [ 70 dB or lower ], such as meeting rooms, restaurants and lobbies. The hydrophillic interior cortex of a wool fiber allows for 1/3 its weight in moisture absorption, as well as its unique wicking property, providing humidity regulation in an interior [ stabilizing the optimal level of 20-50% relative humidity ]. Recent research has proven that the wool fiber can irreversibly absorb 3 of the EPA’s top 9 most harmful indoor air toxins [ formaldehyde, sulfur dioxide + nitrogen dioxide ], the ability to purify the air quality will improve human health and reduce SBS - Sick Building Syndrom. Along with the inherent wool properties and those designed for, the wool installation has the versatile option to easily become a light fixture by stringing a single bulb through the circular steel plate that has been designed to accomodate both options.


Wool fiber in this form provides optimal acoustic control in conversational speech situations, [ 70dB or lower ]. The wool absorbs and reduces traveling noise and reverberation to create strong direct conversation while reducing exterior noises.

Wool absorbs acoustic energy via the friction of air being moved through the tiny spaces between fibers. Increased thickness, density and porosity improve this ability. Wool can provide up to 0.90 NRC - Noise-Reduction Coefficient. Wool fiber’s interior cortex is hydrophillic and can absorb 1/3 its weight in moisture. Wool has a unique wicking technique which allows the fiber to absorb moisture from the air, therefore it can reduce excess humidity in an interior environment. The fibers will regulate the moisture content in a space, releasing the gained humidity when the surrounding atmosphere is less humid. Humans are most comfortable in 20-50% relative humidity.


Wool has been tested and proven to irreversibly absorb 3 of the EPA’s top 9 most harmful indoor air toxins - formaldehyde, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. The keratin molecule located on the inside of the wool fiber reacts and binds to these specific chemical compounds.

Formaldehyde, sulfure dioxide and nitrogen dioxide are common VOC’s offgased from many popular building materials, systems, furnishings, cleaning products etc. These chemical compounds tend to evaporate at room temperature and are released into the air we breathe. Indoor air toxins cause SBS - Sick Building Sydrom (formaldehyde is the largest contributor to SBS), respiratory issues, eye irritation and some are carcinogenic.


FINGER JOINT WAFFLE MODEL | GRASSHOPPER + LASER CUTTER | SPRING 2013


ADORA YACHT DESIGN | RHINO | SUMMER 2011


ADORA

The ADORA 55 is a 55’ daycruiser designed for the environmentally conscious yacht owner. The custom fly is manufactured out of photo voltaic retractable panels; when closed, it gathers solar energy to power interior electricity needs and may be retracted to reveal a sunroof with natural ventilation and views of the sky. The ADORA also features solar thermal panels on the fly to produce additional power from heat energy. A rainwater collection system is used to flush toilets, as well as for the ultra-low consumption air conditioning. All interior materials have been selected with environmental impact and indoor air quality consideration, containing low-voc’s and recycled content. The hull is manufactured from carbon fibre to decrease the weight of the yacht and treated with a finish to increase the ease of speed, using less fuel.


BIOPLASTIC TEMPORARY EVENT ARCHITECTURE | RHINO | SPRING 2013


SOUTH BY SOUTH WEST

TEMPORARY BIOPLASTIC INSTALLATION SXSW brings people from all over the world to Austin, TX for a 10-day citywide festival. Auditorium shores hosts a free concert series that brings thousands of people to the site. The concert stage backs on to Lady Bird Lake Hike & Bike Trail and Auditorium Shores dog park, both of which are frequently used during SXSW. This biodegradable bioplastic wall is designed to function as the fence during the SXSW concert series while interacting with the trail users and viewed easily from downtown. This project will showcase biodegradable materials, specifically bioplastic and create a spectacle that informs the public. The installation is designed to engage people in the biodegradation process that will be documented and spread through social media. The project has been designed as a potential pilot to rejuvenate the landscape of various site conditions in Austin. The first life of this installation serves as a screen or fence as well as an art installation. Once installed, the natural elements such as sun and rain will slowly break down the 100% environmental content material which begins the biodegradation process. The bioplastic will be impregnated with Texas Scarlet Sage flower seeds that will be released and planted during the break down and biodegradation process. The second life of this installation will plant these native Texas flowers, known for luring hummingbirds and butterflies and bring new life and vegetation to the site’s landscape. The lifecycle of this project begins with materials from the environment and ends by returning to the earth as nutrients, causing no harm. The bioplastic contains biopolymers, bioplasticizers and natural additives, all of which are 100% agricultural materials. The bright red colour of the bioplastic will be achieved using raspberries or the petals of the Texas Scarlet Sage flower to create a natural dye. The bioplastic will then be injection molded using formwork made from recycled materials. The appearance and manufacturing process is designed to change the public perception of ‘sustainable’ or lesser impact design and materials.


BIOPLASTIC BIOPLASTIC


1 tsp. vegetable glycerine 1 tsp. white vinegar 4 tbsp. raspberry dyed water 1 tbsp. tapioca starch Pour all ingredients into a cooking pot, stir before heating. Turn the heat on low and stir consistently - the consistancy will quickly turn into an semi-transparent gel, keep stirring until the gel turns clear. Spread thinly on a smooth surface and let air dry.


PERENNIAL HIBISCUS - Hybrid Texas Native - Direct Sun - Season: Summer to Frost - Provides nectar for hummingbirds SXSW ECO 2013

BIODEGRADATION

TEXAS SCARLET SAGE SXSW 2014

SXSW ECO 2014

- Texas Native - Direct Sun - Season: Spring to Summer - Very low water needs


CONNECTION

PETAL

VARRYING VERTICAL


BARCODE SOCIAL MEDIA INTEGRATION + EDUCATING THE PUBLIC ON BIOPLASTIC


ELEVATION DETAIL

ELEVATION DETAIL

SOUTH ELEVATION

PLAN DETAIL PLAN


ELEVATION DETAIL


RUFF COLLAR + RUFF ROSE PANEL | HAND WORK | FALL 2012


Ruff Collar + Ruff Rose Panel | Theoretically based on textile designer, Anni Albers concept of skins as layers we inhabit; our own being the first, clothing as our second, the third skin as interior coverings and continuing as you move outward in space.The design of a third skin that bridges the scale, materiality and craftsmanship of the body to that of a building: using my second skin design: the modern version of a 17th century ruff collar; the shape and form serve as precedent for an interior skin. This skin will form a modular wall or ceiling panel made from natural felt - a sustainable non-woven textile made from sheeps wool that greatly improves the acoustic and indoor air quality of an interior. Each floral-inspired form is hand dyed using a wicking technique, adding depth and texture to the composition. The Ruff Rose Panel has direct ties to the body and fashion, creating an unexpected interior application, while serving as a functional and visually stimulating piece of art.


DAILY BREAD FOOD BANK HEADQUARTERS | AutoCAD | SPRING 2010


DBFB DAILY BREAD FOOD BANK

To create a space for the Daily Bread Food Bank to establish a headquarters to stomp out the global issue of hunger through community outreach. The inspiration for this space is the people in need, the thought of starving and the goal to make a difference. The planning concept is to create an unconventional office space where employees, donators, volunteers and visitors feel inspired and welcome. Eco-corridors, panoramic views, large pantries and multiple casual meeting areas will all aid in creating a welcoming and diverse cultural experience. A private gym, bike lockers and a change room equipped with a shower, will encourage healthy lifestyle choices and sustainable modes of transportation for employees. Low-emitting furnishings, materials and finishes have been selected to decrease toxins and improve the well-being of all users. The new headquarters office will enable the Daily Bread Food Bank to raise more money, donate more food and most importantly, feed more people in need.


COMMUNITY OUTREACH

OTHER TENANT (N.I.C.)


RESEARCH

OTHER TENANT (N.I.C.)

MANAGEMENT


BREAKOUT

SITTING AREAS

BOARDROOM COMMUNITY ENTRANCE

COMMUNITY OUTREACH

OPEN SYSTEMS

PANTRY

OTHER TENANT (N.I.C.)

SUPPLIES

MANAGEMENT RECEPTION

RESEARCH RECEPTION

MANAGEMENT

SITTING AREAS

RESEARCH RECEPTION

RESEARCH

SITTING AREA

RESEARCH

MANAGEMENT RECEPTION

CONFERENCE ROOM

MANAGEMENT

BREAKOUT ROOM


BUILDING MATERIAL IMPACT COMPARISON | CASE STUDY | SPRING 2013


1.

WHITEWASHED, BRUSHED + SANDBLASTED RIFT-CUT OAK CEIING APPLICATION STRATUS WINERY

MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Delivery + Installation

• What is the material composition? Does it contain more than one material? (Ask yourself questions about the way it was made so that details are not overlooked, such as glues/adhesives that often go unnoticed, or bleaches and dyes) In this application the oak is a solid hardwood, rift-cut to expose the edge grain and sandblasted to remove the softer portion of the surface to reveal a strong texture of the hard grain. To finish the oak, it has been brushed with a whitewash stain - assuming a waterbased stain as per the LEED IEQ 4.2 credit awarded for Low Emitting Paints & Sealants.

• What are the installation requirements? Does it require adhesives? The project does not specify the installation requirements for this ceiling application. The rift-cut oak does not necessarily require adhesives, although they may have been used and according to the LEED scorecard, Stratus did not recieve IEQ 4.1 for adhesives.

• How + where is it used in your case study project? The whitewashed, sandblasted rift-cut oak is used as a ceiling application in a private dining space for Stratus Winery’s restautant and event use. • Has this material been third-party certified? (Green Seal, Cradle to Cradle, Carpet + Rug Institute, etc.) The project does not specify the location or manufacturer of this material. However, Oak is grown in FSC forests and this application may have sourced their material from one of these sustainably harvested locations.

• How did it arrive at the job site? Trucks, ships, trains? As Oak grows locally and sawmills are located close to the site, I would assume that the oak arrived at the job site by truck.

• Where was this material extracted from? Is it further than 500 miles from Niagra-On-The-Lake? The project does not specify the species or region of oak, but I will assume that they would choose local growing Oak or within the 500 mile radius as it grows in that area.

• How was it stored before + during construction? This material would need to be carefully stored to avoid any moisture or warping issues if left in the elements untreated.

• What is the quantity of CO2, and other, emissions during extraction? There is no specific data for this product, however a general hardwood manufacturing study states the following: A hardwood log to planed dry lumber volume conversion of 43.7% was found. Emission data produced through modeling estimated total biomass (biogenic) and fossil (anthropogenic) carbon dioxide production of 428 kg per m3 and 139 kg per m3, respectively, considering all impacts. • Is it sustainably harvested/extracted? The project does not specify the location or manufacturer of this material. However, Oak is grown in FSC forests and this application may have sourced their material from one of these sustainably harvested locations. • Is your material considered a Renewable Resource? Yes, Oak is a renewable resource. Oak is native to the Northern Hemisphere and is grown in over 600 species.

stratus winery Oak is grown in the NorthernHemisphere + has over 600 species, making this a great locally sourced hardwood option.

500 miles

= 27,215g of CO2 Emissions

500 miles

= 5,355g of CO2 Emissions

• Indoor Air Pollutants - does it contain any chemicals that will off-gas during it’s life span? Carcinogens, Endocrine Disruptors, Reproductive Toxins, other? No, Oak does not have any indoor air pollutants that may off-gas during its installation. The only potential for off-gasing is in a landfill, where hardwood emits methane.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Extraction + Harvest

• What is the material’s embodied energy of extraction? (How much energy does it require to remove the base material from the earth) As Oak is grown in large forests, the logging process would use semi-mechanized or fully mechanized systems for harvesting and extracting. The main energy inputs to these processes are diesel and gasoline. Then these logs are transported by truck to a mill where the manufacturing stages begin. OAK GROWTH

• VOCs - identify the Volatile Organic Compounds No, Oak does not have any VOC’s. There are potentially VOC’s in the whitewash stain, wax or sealant used on the wood. The project does not specify which products were used, however they scored LEED credit IEQ 4.2 - Low emitting Paints & Coatings. So I will assume the products used were zero or low VOC.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Use/Life Span • What is the projected life span of the material? Does it have a use warranty? As Oak is a hardwood, it has a very long lifespan and can be sanded and refinished many times as it is a solid material. Hardwoods used as a wall treatment have a longer life span than the typical use/turn over in a winery. No, this product does not have a use warranty. • Is it typically removed/replaced before it’s projected life span? No, this material and its specific application would not require any removall or replacing within its lifespan. • How does the material affect the environmental quality of an interior? Hardwood does not have any noise absoption qualities. The light whitewashed stain could improve light reflection as light would bounce off the light surface. The ceiling application would be very low maintenance. It wouldn’t ever necessarily need to be resealed as a ceiling application does not have any traffic or dirt build up issues. The specified whitewash stain would never need to be restained, as long as it has been correctly sealed or if a wax coating has been applied it may need to be reapplied after approximately 10 years.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Removal

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Fabrication/Manufacture

• What does removal entail? The removal is fairly simple for any construction person. The process would be more lengthy if the material has a planned reclaim or reuse rather than ‘disposing’ the material as fuel for a biomass plant.

• What is the material’s embodied energy of manufacture? The manufacturing process is the most dominant portion of the life cycle in terms of both energy and environment, as it consumes 72% of total energy and emits 30-76% of environmental emissions. This is an area where the hardwood industry can improve to create a more sustainable product.

• Do adhesives/sealants need to be stripped off? If there have been any adhesives or sealants used in the project, yes these would need to be removed. The project has not stated whether these have been used. This application does not necessarily require the use of adhesives or sealants.

• Does it contain recycled content? If so, what is the post-industrial recycled content, % by weight? What is the post-consumer recycled content, % by weight? No, this oak or any solid oak hardwood does not contain any recycled content or any other material whatsoever.

• Who removes the material? Any construction person could remove the rift-cut oak ceiling at Stratus Winery, it does not require any special training.

• Toxicity - What is the chemical composition of the material? Does it contain any of the following: Carcinogens, Endocrine Disruptors, Reproductive Toxins No, Oak is not a toxic material and does not contain any chemicals. During the milling phase, or when creating Oak sawdust, it may irritate the skin or eyes and effect asthma. In very rare cases Oak may have caused Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, or sometimes called nasopharyngeal cancer. NPC is a cancer of the upper area of the pharynx or “throat,” where the nasal passages and auditory tubes join the remainder of the upper respiratory tract. • What type of waste products are produced during manufacture? Wood chips and pulp are waste biproducts of creating a finished oak hardwood from log form. This waste can be used as fuel for biomass bioenergy production. • How much water is required during manufacture? Unknown.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Disposal • Can this material be reclaimed/reused? Yes, the rift-cut oak can be reclaimed and reused many times as it is in long edge grain cuts. • Can it be recycled? Is it biodegradable/compostable? As a hardwood, the oak would not be recycled but could be reused or used as a bioenergy source. Hardwoods should not be put in landfills as this causes methane emissions and is a waste of a potential renewable energy source. • What is the disposal method? Hardwoods can be burnt and used as a bioenergy source at the end of its life cycle. This contributes to sustainable energy production. There are five biomass plants currently opperating in the province of Ontario, the closest is in Guelph (125km from the site). In late 2012, the Ontario Power Generation (OPG) started building the Atikokan Biomass Plant in Atikokan, ON and will be the largest of its kind in North America.


2.

MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION • What is the material composition? The end grain mesquite is a solid wood material that is not combined with any other. In this application the end grain mesquite has possibly been stained or sealed with a water-based product as per the LEED credit.

END GRAIN MESQUITE WALL APPLICATION STRATUS WINERY

• How + where is it used in your case study project? The end grain mesquite is used as a wall applciation in a private dining space for Stratus Winery’s restaurant and event use. • Has this material been third-party certified? Mesquite is not grown in forests and is therefore not one of the species of wood under FSC certification.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Extraction + Harvest • Where was this material extracted from? Is it further than 500 miles from Niagra-On-The-Lake? Mesquite grows as far south as nothern Mexico through the Sonoran Desert and Chihuahuan Desert, continuing up into the Southwestern United States as far north as southern Kansas, as far west as the Colorado Desert in California and as far east as the eastern fifth of Texas. Stratus Winery is located in Niagra-OnThe-Lake in Ontario, Canada which is further than 500 miles from the closest Mesquite growing area. • What is the material’s embodied energy of extraction? (How much energy does it require to remove the base material from the earth) Depending on the scale of the extraction, semi-mechanized or fully mechanized systems are used for harvesting and extracting. The main energy inputs to these processes are diesel and gasoline. Then these logs are transported by truck to a mill where the manufacturing stages begin. • What is the quantity of CO2, and other,emissions during extraction? There is no specific data for this product, however a general hardwood manufacturing study states the following: A hardwood log to planed dry lumber volume conversion of 43.7% was found. Emission data produced through modeling estimated total biomass (biogenic) and fossil (anthropogenic) carbon dioxide production of 428 kg per m3 and 139 kg per m3, respectively, considering all impacts.

MESQUITE GROWTH

• Is it sustainably harvested/extracted? Yes, in most cases depending on the location. This project does no specify where the mesquite originated and therefore cannot guarantee that this particular material has been sustainably harvested or extracted. • Is your material considered a Renewable Resource? Yes, Mesquite is a renewable resource and is grown in a large area of the Unitec States & Northern Mexico.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Fabrication/Manufacture • What is the material’s embodied energy of manufacture? The manufacturing process is the most dominant portion of the life cycle in terms of both energy and environment, as it consumes 72% of total energy and emits 30-76% of environmental emissions. This is an area where the hardwood industry can improve to create a more sustainable product. • Does it contain recycled content? If so, what is the post-industrial recycled content, % by weight? What is the post-consumer recycled content, % by weight? No, this end grain mesquite or any mesquite hardwood does not contain any recycled content or any other material whatsoever.

stratus winery Mesquite trees do not grow in long, or straight sections. Using an end grain application reduced manufacturing waste.

1,207 miles

= 63,502g of CO2 Emissions

1,207 miles

= 12,205g of CO2 Emissions

• Toxicity - What is the chemical composition of the material? Does it contain any of the following: Carcinogens, Endocrine Disruptors, Reproductive Toxins No, Mesquite is not a toxic material and does not contain any chemicals. At most, Mesquite may cause minor irritation to the skin during milling. • What type of waste products are produced during manufacture? Wood chips and pulp are waste biproducts of creating a finished mesquite hardwood from log form. This waste can be used as fuel for biomass bioenergy production. This particular application of mesquite is much more sustainable than requiring full plank pieces of the material. Mesquite does not grow in long, straight sections and therefore producing a large amount of waste. Using an end grain application takes advantage of the size and shape of this species of wood. • How much water is required during manufacture? Unknown.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Delivery + Installation • What are the installation requirements? Does it require adhesives?

The project does not specify the installation requirements for this wall application. The end grain mesquite does not necessarily require adhesives, although they may have been used and according to the LEED scorecard, Stratus did not recieve IEQ 4.1 for adhesives. • VOCs - identify the Volatile Organic Compounds No, Mesquite does not have any VOC’s. There are potentially VOC’s in the stain, wax or sealant used on the wood. The project does not specify which products were used, however they scored LEED credits for IEQ 4.2 - Low emitting Paints & Coatings. So I will assume the products used were zero or low VOC. • Indoor Air Pollutants - does it contain any chemicals that will off-gas during it’s life span? No, Mesquite does not have any indoor air pollutants that may off-gas during its installation. The only potential for off-gasing is in a landfill, where hardwood emits methane. • How did it arrive at the job site? Trucks, ships, trains? As Mesquite is grown in the Southwestern United States, it was most likely transported by truck or potentially by train to Niagra-On-The-Lake, ON. • How was it stored before + during construction? This material would need to be carefully stored to avoid any moisture or warping issues if left in the elements untreated.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Use/Life Span • What is the projected life span of the material? Does it have a use warranty? As Mesquite is a hardwood, it has a very long lifespan and can be sanded and refinished many times as it is a solid material. Hardwoods used as a wall treatment have a longer life span than the typical use/turn over in a winery. No, this product does not have a use warranty. • Is it typically removed/replaced before it’s projected life span? No, this material and its specific application would not require any removall or replacing within its lifespan. • How does the material affect the environmental quality of an interior (ex. noise absorption, light reflection, better maintenance)? Hardwood does not have any noise absoption qualities and due to its dark colour and low sheen it would not aid in light reflection. The wall applciation would be very low maintenance, especially if it has been sealed to prevent oils and dirt from people potentially touching the wall. If the mesquite was sealed, it wouldn’t ever necessarily need to be resealed as this is a very low traffic area and application. If the material has been stained and wax coated it may need to be recoated after approximately 10 years.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Removal • What does removal entail? The removal is fairly simple for any construction person. The process would be more lengthy if the material has a planned reclaim or reuse rather than ‘disposing’ the material as fuel for a biomass plant. • Do adhesives/sealants need to be stripped off? If there have been any adhesives or sealants used in the project, yes these would need to be removed. The project has not stated whether these have been used. This application does not necessarily require the use of adhesives or sealants. • Who removes the material? Any construction person could remove the end grain mesquite at Stratus Winery, it does not require any special training.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Disposal • Can this material be reclaimed/reused? Yes, the end grain mesquite can be reclaimed and reused many times. As this is cut down to an end grain application, it has less potential for reuse as it would have in full plank condition. • Can it be recycled? Is it biodegradable/compostable? As a hardwood, the mesquite would not be recycled but could be reused or used as a bioenergy source. Hardwoods should not be put in landfills as this causes methane emissions and is a waste of a potential renewable energy source. • What is the disposal method? Hardwoods can be burnt and used as a bioenergy source at the end of its life cycle. This contributes to sustainable energy production. There are five biomass plants currently opperating in the province of Ontario, the closest is in Guelph (125km from the site). In late 2012, the Ontario Power Generation (OPG) started building the Atikokan Biomass Plant in Atikokan, ON and will be the largest of its kind in North America.


3.

MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Delivery + Installation

ENGINEERED BAMBOO FLOORING

• What is the material composition? Does it contain more than one material? The engineered bamboo flooring is a composite material consisting bamboo fiber, adhesives and coatings.

FLOOR APPLICATION NOT CASE STUDY SPECIFIC TERAGREN BAMBOO

• How + where is it used in your case study project? This material is not case study specific, however I have chosen to research Teragren Bamboo as a flooring material.

• What are the installation requirements? Does it require adhesives? Through careful management, material overage can be reduced or eliminated. Additionally, any material overage can and should be kept as a resource should the need arise in the future for selective plank replacement (in case of damage). Waste material such as sawdust and cutting scraps should be taken to construction material recycling centers for composting. The installation does not necessarily require adhesives as the engineered bamboo flooring comes with a tongue and groove system.

• Has this material been third-party certified? Yes, Teragren bamboo flooring has the following third-party certifications: FSCPURE Certification, SCS Indoor Advantage Gold Certification & FloorScore Certification.

• VOCs - identify the Volatile Organic Compounds All Teragren’s prefinished bamboo flooring is FloorScore® certified and is automatically eligible for LEED IEQ 4.3 credit - Low Emitting flooring. They do not state specifics, but say that their products are either zero or low VOC, including the adhesives and sealants used.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Extraction + Harvest

• Indoor Air Pollutants - does it contain any chemicals that will off-gas during it’s life span? Carcinogens, Endocrine Disruptors, Reproductive Toxins, other? Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) include a variety of chemicals used in building products that may have adverse health effects and, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, VOCs are also consistently higher indoors than outdoors. Teragren is the world’s first company to offer FloorScore®-certified bamboo flooring, recognized for preventing indoor air toxins by Scientific Certification Systems (SCS). SCS sets the toughest limits in North America for safe indoor air emissions—measuring more than 78 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from building materials.

• Where was this material extracted from? This material has been extracted in China and is much further than 500 miles from Niagra-On-Lake. However, the extraction is all within 500 miles of the manufacturing plant: Bamboo Raw Material: 94-96 content: Jiangxi and Zhejiang Provinces – max distance travelled 400km (248miles) Coatings: 0-1% content: Shanghai ~200km (124 miles) Adhesive: 4-33% content: Shanghai ~200km (124 miles) • What is the material’s embodied energy of extraction? There is no statement regarding the materials embodied energy during the extraction process. • What is the quantity of CO2, and other, emissions during extraction? The bamboo used in Teragren products sequesters (removes) carbon (C) from atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and releases the oxygen (O2) into the air. No more than 25% of the sequestered carbon is emitted as CO2 during the transportation of Teragren products from Teragren’s factory to any destination in North America. The remaining 75% of the sequestered carbon is locked-up within the products themselves for the lifespan of the products.

BAMBOO GROWTH

• Is it sustainably harvested/extracted? All Teragren bamboo products qualify for LEED MR 6 as the specie, ‘Moso’ or Phyllostachys h. Pubescens is harvested within a 10 year cycle or shorter. Teragren harvests its bamboo between 5.5 to 6 years to ensure optimal density, performance and plant health. Teragren harvests up to 15% of the available bamboo culms per acre per year, equaling on average 175-180 mature culms. • Is your material considered a Renewable Resource? Yes, bamboo is considered a rapidly renewable resource as it is harvested in less than a 10 year cycle.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Fabrication/Manufacture • What is the material’s embodied energy of manufacture? Teragren’s factory burns all of its bamboo milling waste to create steam which is used to heat its kilns, drying rooms, and hydraulic presses. Other manufacturers may require fossil fuels or electricity to power the aforementioned systems. The amount of energy saved by the burning of our material waste has not yet been determined. • Does it contain recycled content? No, Teragren products including the composite bamboo flooring do not contain recycled content. They are manufactured from new bamboo fiber, adhesives and coatings.

Bamboo is a grass + is considered a rapidly renewable resource as it is harvested in under 10 year cycles.

• Toxicity - What is the chemical composition of the material? Does it contain any of the following: Carcinogens, Endocrine Disruptors, Reproductive Toxins Bamboo is not only be sustainably harvested but resulting products should also feature components such as durable, water-based, solvent-free, low or no-VOC finishes and a manufacturing adhesive that meets or surpasses stringent European (E0) standards for off-gassing formaldehyde. Teragren offers many products with a formaldehyde-free manufacturing adhesive; others are made with a proprietary manufacturing adhesive which emits less formaldehyde than allowed by U.S. OSHA, European E0, CARB Phase 1 and Phase 2, and Japanese JIS/JAS (F****) emissions standards. However, upon more research I found this statement regarding the fabrication process: “The bamboo stalk is split into slats to extract the premium part of the culm, Knight says. The slats are boiled in a solution of water, hydrogen peroxide and borate to eliminate pests and mildew.”.

+

11,235 miles

= 244,940g of CO2 Emissions

• What type of waste products are produced during manufacture? Teragren’s factory burns pre-consumer recycled sawdust and other bamboo waste to create steam which powers the kilns, drying rooms and heats the hydraulic presses. • How much water is required during manufacture? Unknown. Teragren states that “the factory recognizes that water is a precious commodity and seeks to conserve this resource whenever possible. Water consumption and conservation goals have not yet been determined.”

• How did it arrive at the job site? Trucks, ships, trains? Factory: Teragren products are shipped directly from its factories in China to our distribution centers [Plainfield, IN and Sumner, WA] or to our customers via container ship and then by truck. • How was it stored before + during construction? This material would need to be carefully stored to avoid any moisture or warping issues if left in the elements untreated.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Use/Life Span • What is the projected life span of the material? Does it have a use warranty? Teragren does not state a projected life span of its flooring products, but says “Teragren offers high-quality, truly eco-friendly bamboo flooring, worktops, panels and veneer that provide a long-term, lifetime value.” Teragren’s finish carries a 25-year residential warranty; the commercial warranty is for five years. • Is it typically removed/replaced before it’s projected life span? The flooring system has been designed to easily replace single boards if there has been any damage caused. Bamboo as a material has a very long projected life span, but as this material is a composite flooring, it has adhesives that may break down over time and only has a veneer thickness of bamboo. This would lessen the ability for re-sanding and re-finishing compared to a solid hardwood material. • How does the material affect the environmental quality of an interior (ex. noise absorption, light reflection, better maintenance)? Bamboo flooring does not have any noise absoption qualities. The light or natural stain versions could improve light reflection as light would bounce off the light surface. The flooring is prefinished and provides very low maintenance needs.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Removal • What does removal entail? The removal is simple, much like removing any engineered flooring system. • Do adhesives/sealants need to be stripped off? No, Teragran claims that the adhesives and coatings do not need to be removed. However, from my research the adhesives and coatings would be an issue in both biodegradation and composting. They would not need to be removed if the flooring was reused. • Who removes the material? Any construction person could remove the flooring, it does not require a professional.

LIFE CYCLE PHASE: Disposal • Can this material be reclaimed/reused? Flooring and/or panels/veneer that have not been nailed or glued may be easily reused. • Can it be recycled? All Teragren products may be recycled at construction material recycling centers with the end material being shredded for 2composting, composite material construction, or incineration for the purpose of power generation. • Is it biodegradable/compostable? Yes, all Teragren products are biodegradable when properly composted. There are no heavy metals or environmentally persistent chemicals in Teragren products. Recyclers, composters, and other workers should take precautions against nuisance dust created during the removal, demolition, and shredding of Teragren products. • What is the disposal method? The bamboo flooring may be reclaimed or reused - most likely as another flooring or surface application. It may also be recycled or biodegrade in a composting facility.


MATERIAL COMPARISON |

OAK

|

MESQUITE

|

ENGINEERED BAMBOO

|

All 3 materials produce biproducts which can be used as *biomass for bioenergy production to fuel their manufacturing processes *

TRANSPORTATION <500 miles

= <27,215g of CO2 Emissions OR

<500 miles

= <5,355g of CO2 Emissions

Hardwoods such as Oak + Mesquite, have much greater reuse and reclaim potential to serve a second life. Engineered bamboo may be reused as a flooring material.

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

20

10

0

RATE OF RENEWAL (YEARS)

1,207 miles

= 63,502g of CO2 Emissions OR

1,207 miles

= 12,205g of CO2 Emissions stratus winery

+

11,235 miles

= 244,940g of CO2 Emissions

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

POTENTIAL LIFESPAN (YEARS) *All considered as a ďŹ&#x201A;ooring application.


UNIVERSAL SPACE INC. | REVIT | SPRING 2011


AN EXPERIENTIAL EMOTIVE COLOR RESPONSE ‘An Experiential Emotive Color Response’ is an installation designed for Universal Space Inc. to study humans emotional reactions to color, dissect and consider current color psychology and for the public to experience their own emotional color reaction. The current definitions in color psychology are too generic and cannot be considered universal. How can a color create the same emotional reaction for different people, from different backgrounds, different religions and most of all, different life expereiences. This installation allows users to walk through a series of spaces, engulfed in a single color at one time, experiencing their personal and initial reaction to each color. The spaces are created from a technological smart-material created by Kineticity, called the comment wall. The users may record their emotional reaction in each space by writing with their fingers on the comment walls. The writing then fades away and stored in a computer system for Universal Space Inc. to use for further research. After all participants have walked through each space, they may walk through again, this time with all of the writing from each user appearing, creating a group learning experience.

As seen here, the ‘blob wall’ incorporates twelve versatile work stations for the employees of Universal Space Inc. These blobs have been designed in a vertical wall to create modern, multi-purpose work/sleep/relaxing areas. The blob wall is accessible on the back side of the wall in a full height elevator that connects to the two levels of catwalks, creating easy access. Each of the blobs have been designed for optimial ergonomic comfort; focusing on four different sitting, lounging and laying positions. These ergonomic seating areas provide a comfortable space to work seated with a laptop or lay back and wach the television screen built into the blob at optimal viewing height. The built in technology functions as a computer, which aids in Universal Space Inc.’s frequent online meetings while employees are traveling or working from home.


NORTH SECTION

SOUTH SECTION


Happy

energetic

used

Confused

happiness

Joy

EARTH

Boredom

youth

Depressing

BLANK

Excited nothing

Growth

INSTALLATION SEQUENCE RENDERINGS

confused

DEATH


Warm

Confused

Youthful

happy

EXCITED!

summer

Royal

Happy

Ugly

energetic

Anxious

cold

Fiery

Excited

happy IC

ET

RG

E EN

Sea

LOYAL

Confused

warm

cool

Cold


TESSELLATION | REVIT + 3D PRINTING | SPRING 2013


DOWNTOWN ANIMAL HOSPITAL | REVIT | FALL 2010


DOWNTOWN ANIMAL HOSPITAL The new design for the Downtown Animal Hospital realizes and celebrates â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;the modern day familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, embracing the LGBT community where the DAH calls home. This concept for the newly designed animal hospital will engage the community by integrated economic initiatives through community outreach programs and volunteer opportunities. The design aesthetic focuses on neutral and natural finishes that showcase each floorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s designated vibrant accent color for integrated wayfinding. Focusing on serving the community and families that utilize the hospital were the main goals, while paying special attention to animal welfare, sustainability, human health and economic initiatives.


FIRST FLOOR PLAN

FIRST FLOOR NORTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION

FIRST FLOOR SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION


SECOND FLOOR PLAN

SECOND FLOOR SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION

SECOND FLOOR SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION 2


POOCH

Doggy Day Hotel

SECOND FLOOR RECEPTION

POOCH DOGGY DAY HOTEL


DOGWOOD DOGGY DAY SPA


THIRD FLOOR PLAN

THIRD FLOOR SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION

THIRD FLOOR SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION 2


FOURTH FLOOR PLAN

FOURTH FLOOR SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION

FOURTH FLOOR SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION 2


DOWNTOWN ANIMA

DOWNTOWN

Client Problem: Sustainable Initiatives Design Goals: Sustainability & Functionality

THIRD FLOOR EXAMINATION ROOM

AL ANIMAL HOSPIT

Made of Recycled White Cotton with 8 logo colour options

DAH CUSTOM SCRUB DESIGN

Branding/ Logo

Col


THIRD FLOOR OPEN OFFICES


FOURTH FLOOR PANTRY + LOUNGE


LOWER LEVEL FLOOR PLAN

LOWER LEVEL NORTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION

LOWER LEVEL NORTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION 2


ROOF FLOOR PLAN

ROOF NORTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION

ROOF SOUTH SECTIONAL ELEVATION 2


ROOF TOP GROOMING ROOM SKETCH DOWNTOWN ANIMAL HOSPITAL

Precedents

DOGGY PLANTER

+ Landmark Feature outside the Building

Concrete Planter

Doggy feet inspiration

PLANTER DESIGN

DOGGY + OWNER WATER FOUNTAIN


TAMARA KINNEY BID, MID Candidate, LEED Green Associate

tamara.kinney@me.com 512.415.1985 | Austin, TX


THANK YOU.


Tamara Kinney's Master of Interior Design Portfolio  

The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture

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