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M UHAMMAD TALHA MUF TE E

PO RTFO L I O


CONTACT+BIO B.ARCH (2009-2014) NATIONAL COLLEGE OF ARTS LAHORE, PAKISTAN talhafnf07@gmail.com +92 347 2951154 House No. 114-E, Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan


CO N T E N TS

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TITLE MONUMENT DESIGN FOR TERRORISM VICTIMS (2ND YEAR) CRITICICAL REGIONALISM - TDCP INFO CENTER (2ND YEAR) SPRING PAVILION (4TH YEAR) ARCHITECTURE DEBATE - SECULAR COMMUNE (4TH YEAR) PURPLE MELON FROZEN YOGURT (PROFESSIONAL) THESIS - THEATER-IN-THE-ROUND COMPLEX (5TH YEAR) OTHER WORKS


MONUMENT DESIGN

ACADEMIC INDIVIDUAL PROJECT; 2ND YEAR 1ST SEMESTER SUPERVISOR: AQEEL KAZMI; kazmiaq@gmail.com MAY 2010

CONCEPT

Site:

SITE

Moon Market, Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore

The Project: In recent times, the word ‘terrorism’ has turned into a common household term for extreme violence beyond any moral or ethical boundary. The tragedy of 9/11 redefined ‘security’, ‘moral values’, ‘warfare’, and the value of a human life. Moreover, in an attempt to protect ourselves from similar mishaps, we adopted new measures of check and protection involving mostly restricted environments. A restricted environment may filter offenders but a restriction itself affects public adversely and causes claustrophobia on a large scale. This new found claustrophobia is distorting society and creating barriers. In short, freedom now means “The ability to pass through a security check without triggering the alarm”… This monument is for the times ahead when all this fades away and will remind us of the once claustrophobic times. As a result of post 9/11 crisis, a lot of changes can be seen in Pakistan’s context and it affects how we perceive various elements of the built infrastructure.

CONTEXT 1


DESIGN Invented as means to regulate traffic, the “Jersey Barrier” is now a reminder of the security crisis and terrorist attacks accross the country. This concrete barrier has become an artifact for times to come, making this an approriate starting point for designing a monument to remind future generations of the crisis this nation endured.

The “Claustrophobia Coat by Alexendra Daisy Ginsberg was taken as a case study to understand spatial phobias in light of projections between user and space. To simulate claustrophobia, only sections of surfaces can be extended towards user to give an illusion of narrow spaces instead of actually compromising functionality of space.

w = actual distance to boundary d = apparent distance

The form of the barrier is developed so it’s presence is that of dominance inducing the user’s feeling of helplessness, mirroring the conditions the city is facing.

d w Only sections of surfaces can extended towards user to give illusion of narrow spaces instead actually compromising functionality space.

be an of of

Barriers and checks on major roads is the spatial suffocation of post 9/11 Lahore. 2


By aligning three members of the developed form, an enclosure is formed as the focal vantage point for the user. Sloping surfaces allow for circulation while narrowing sight towards the top.

Barriers forming a dome-like 3D labyrinth, reminiscent of the controlled circulation through security barriers.

Major terrorist attacks during 2006-2009, used to map a voronoi fragmentation pattern to used as projections for clautrophobic simulation.

Wall sections limiting sight from within monument space towards outside, inducing visual claustrophobia without compromising circulation.

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DRAWINGS AND RENDERS PLAN

X

X’

9’-3”

3’-0” 8’-0”

55’

18’-6” 12’ 4’-0”

SECTION X-X’

Talha Muftee

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CRITICAL REGIONALISM

ACADEMIC INDIVIDUAL PROJECT; 2ND YEAR 2ND SEMESTER SUPERVISOR: SULMAN LATEEF; sulmanlateef@gmail.com JANUARY 2011

SITE

Site: Madian Bhaiyan Walla, Lahore

The Project: Building a tourist information center within depths of Walled City, Lahore does not mean that contemporary architecture is not welcome, in fact by observing, learning from the context of the site architecture can form a bridge between different times. “Critical Regionalism” introduced by Kenneth Frampton aimed at architecture which while belonging in the present is a response to the past, the context and the region’s characteristics. Keeping that in mind, the initial site visits were intended to identify these regional characterstics which defined the Walled City’s identity. The Walled City’s origins being somewhat debatable (Ptolemy reffering to “Labokla”) has over centuries gained a level of complexity partly due to the chaotic planning and also the regional styling of facades knows as “pash-o-pesh” in which buildings have extruded clusters outwards. I was able to absorb that complexity and translate it to architecture using tools intended for science fiction CGI: thereby creating a narrative across eras. 5


CONTEXTUAL STUDY

The Walled City’s complexity is the regional analogous to adding “greebles” or “nurnies” in CGI which is the technique of adding details on surfaces to increase their apparent complexity and visual interest. Films such as “2001: A Space Odyssey” and “Star Wars”.

Example of a 3D sphere with increasing iterations of greeble procedural modeling. Plugin used is “Greeble” for 3D Studio Max, developed for CGI by Tom Hudson, the lead developer who in 1988 helped Autodesk develop 3D Studio Max.

A simple greeble iterative process is division and perpendicular extrusion of flat surfaces. 3D modeling programs have readily available tools and scripts to add greebles, giving rise to futuristic space vehicular and architecture designs. 6


PROCESS Adjacent buildings were analysed to reverse engineer relationships between areas/volumes and amount of extrusions. The relationship defined conditions for the iterative process and also in way establish a subtle relationship between the design and existing context.

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DRAWINGS

STEEL FRAME 3D VIEWS

21’ 9’ SECTION X-X’

X

72’-3”

X’

17’-3” 17’-6”

GROUND FLOOR PLAN X

X’ 33’-6”

11’-6” 9’-3”

15’-9”

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

Talha Muftee

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SPRING PAVILION Group Members:

Site: National College of Arts, Lahore

The Project: Each year around March, Architecture Department of National College of Arts joins Lahore in celebration of the spring season with a group exercise to conceptulize and build a pavilion suited for the climatic transition.

ACADEMIC GROUP PROJECT; 4TH YEAR 1ST SEMESTER SUPERVISOR: ZOHRA LATIF; zohralatif@gmail.com MARCH 2012

SITE

Anam Tahir Hareem Ahmed Tehreem Javed Fizzah Idrees Talha Muftee

The objective is to translate “spring” in terms of material and materiality. Lahore in enjoys pleasant climate with clear skies and ample sunshine. The material and formwork thus, has to complement the conditions. As part of this exercise, students are not allowed to plant their pavilion in ground thus a structural challenge of free standing pavilion arises. Apart from that, the pavilion’s material should be cost effective while assembly process feasible in terms of time. Our group started off with sampling various forms of literature paying tribute to this season and then through sketches explored the meaning of spring. By exploring various materials easy available, a spring pavilion was to be built in college premises.

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INITIAL SKETCHES

Sketches and models by group members highlighting aspects of spring such as “birth”, “spontaneity”, “life”, “transition”, “movement”, “harmony”. 10


Working further on the “transitional� aspect of the spring season, we experimented with materials which responded to the ample spring sunlight and distorted light and shadow.

MATERIAL AND LIGHT STUDY

The end result was choosing disposible clear plastic drinking cups, reasons being: Cheap and easy to acquire Lightweight Transparent to some extent, meant we could manipulate sunlight. Conical structure meant that changing directions, vaulting or curved formwork would be easy.

CONCEPT 3D

11


Each glass is drilled with 1.8� dia hole saw for glass to act as an aperture and allow a for a controlled flow of light and also to increase ease of workability while assembling sections. 12


As the team came up with a streamlined assembly process, we each divided the tasks amongst ourselves. I was mainly incharge or procurement and preparation of material using the hole saw and attaching various elements together at seams after the elements had been constructed by other team members. While the hole in bottom of each glass was small enough not to compromise structural stability it still caused slightly un-predictable behavior which got solved through trial and error.

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DRAWINGS Talha Muftee

6’-6” 4’-6” 3’-0”

NORTHERN ELEVATION

EASTERN ELEVATION DETAILS

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SECULAR COMMUNE

ACADEMIC INDIVIDUAL PROJECT; 4TH YEAR 2ND SEMESTER SUPERVISOR: FAISAL SAJJAD; faisalsajjad73@gmail.com OCTOBER 2012

CONCEPT

Site:

SITE

Old Ravi River, Minar-e-Pakistan, Lahore

The Project: The search for the architectural argument takes birth from a world view concerned with role and subjectivity of morality, and its relation with human evolution. The knowledge base stands on Immanuel Kant’s criticism of morality and famed zoologist Desmond Morris’ “The Naked Ape” a critique on the human race and analysis of all moral values as by products of biological changes over. The design celebrates the nature of this very naked ape and challenges all established notions regarding the purpose of the architecture and it’s image as an extension to the identity of a human user. "We are the day birds Deciding to fly against the sky Within our dreams we all wake up To kiss the ones who are born to die We are the graying herds Hurting each other with our lives Within our dreams we all wake up To kiss the ones who are born to die" - "Harakiri", Serj Tankian

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DESIGN PROCESS

Symbols, visuals (phallic in nature) to aid sense of familiarity and decrease neophobia.

Spaces for Physical Meditation solitary or pair based (sexual) activities

Main chamber of congregation for solely human agenda, with platforms allowing for indviduals to establish authority over tribes if they choose to do so. Despite advances in technology, man still acts on sexual urges. Where culture tries to restrict these impulses, counter-attraction measures appear. Hence excessive control without an outlet would result in an outbreak.

A path to stimulate the exploratory mind with openings for light and views offering intermittent rewards eventually leading to a final destination above everything that lies below.

The primitive nature of man will always prevail cultural and territorial boundaries, acceptance of this nature instead of trying to rectifying will increase understanding, self awareness and will open path to survival and further evolution. 16


Talha Muftee

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DRAWINGS AND RENDERS

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PURPLE MELON

SITE

Site: Main Market, Model Town, Gujranwala

Mosami Interactive:

Mr. Kamran Sheikh

Zain Naqvi - Branding Haider Ali - Web/Print Talha Muftee - Architect

Client: The Project: The client was looking into re-utilizing an old shut down ice cream parlor (later on, a bank) and open up a frozen yoghurt outlet in a major commercial area of the city of Gujranwala. The objective for Mosami Interactive was to come up with an original brand identity and come up with a design brief which I would, as the architect of this project use to design the interior. The site had few major issues, one was that the city of Gujranwala is about 90km away from Lahore which meant that regular site visits were not feasible. Secondly, on site we noticed an off center column to support the roofing, although the ceiling’s old design was an interesting element the team decided to use it the way it is and work around the column to complement with the ceiling. Lastly, Gujranwala lacks the labor as that of a relatively developed city as Lahore which meant that me and my teamates had to supervise and physically get involved where necessary the execution.

In order to design and work from a studio 90km away the initial site visit consisted of documenting the site and replicating an accurate 3D model to as our prototyping base. 19


From the Design Brief: “...Fruits and basic shapes...easy on the eyes. The palette a bit tangy/savory...purple is equivalant of the frozen yogurts taste visually. Exploration was based on already existing brands like Red Mango, Tutti Fruity and Yogen Frozen...�

PROTOTYPING Following the design brief given by visual designers, I had to come up with a way to incorporate this column and the wave like ceiling in the interior design. Hence used the column as pivotal point to divide the interior into work/serve area and sitting area.

TM

FROZEN YOUGURT

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CONSTRUCTION AND LAUNCH

After design was approved by our client, we made sure to increase frequency of site visits to supervise and guide contractor and his team in construction from pre-fab panels, counter construction and installing vinyl graphics, installing various elements ourselves along with contractor’s employees. The project was completed in 5 months and Purple Melon was inaugrated in June 2013.

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DRAWINGS 3'-11"

3'-8"

3'-11"

1'-6" 2'-6" 3'-1" 3'-3" 3'-3" 3'-6" 3'-11" 4'-11"

1'

4'-7"

2'

2

1

1'-5"

1'-9"

2'-9"

3'

1

2'

3'-10" 13'-6" 12'-9" 11'-9" 10'-5"

4'-6" 2'-6"

1'-9"

16'-10"

8'-5"

2'-3"

5'-10"

2'-2" 1'

2

4'-6"

9" 2'-6"

9"

16'-10"

3 5'-5"

1'-5" 18'-7" 4'-6"

9"

15'-9"

2'-6" 14'

16'-10"

1'

12'-10" 12'-1"

PLAN

A

11'-8"

1'-9"

Talha Muftee

11'-7" 11'-7"

3

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ACADEMIC INDIVIDUAL PROJECT; 5TH YEAR SUPERVISOR: TARIQ KHALIDI; khalidi.tariq@gmail.com JANUARY 2013

THESIS

SITE

Site: Burki Road near LSE, Lahore

The Project: Perception of time is so well rested in our day to day life that we undervalue it as an important part of our perceived reality. Our intuition demands that time is constant and space exists in a separate dimension. Throughout history, the definitions of time have kept on evolving and not only the understanding of time has changed with time, it has had serious implications on the understanding of spaces as well. Islamic architecture has been understood as a depiction of the cosmos but at present, ideas regarding time, space, self and the universe are different from ideas which formed the basis of divine geometry centuries ago. My thesis aims to explore these ideas in terms of architecture. If architecture is the poetry of spaces and spaces cannot exist without time as a spatial variable, can architecture be an exploration of the ever evolving nature of the time-space continuum? By studying various models of “timespace”, the project is based on an experiential narrative of spacetime weaving through a theater complex in Lahore. A journey towards and around theater and intimate performance spaces where the user is finally transported to an altogether different timespace frame.

VIEWS

2230’

1830’ 1540’

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TIMELINE OF SPACETIME MODELS 8πGρ(α)

RESEARCH ASPECT: VARIOUS TIMESPACE MODELS

WEST

BIG BANG: SPACETIME AS RESULT OF CHAOS CONSTANT TIME RELATIVE SPACETIME

FLAT EARTH

From flat Earth to Amplituhedron, what remains to understand is that timespace is a non linear complex network of events taking place. It’s nature is elusive at best.

8πGρ(α)

Sufi metaphysics treat timespace as an enity of constant change and preaches journey of counsiousness as different stages of awareness of time and space.

emIp s or L

emIpsu m or L

em L or L

mIps u re o

um

L

mLo u

remIpsu m Lo u

remI Lo p s m

ps I

re m o

The elusive nature of timespace and universe inspires the narative with timespace not being strictly defined but constant change being the only change. To experience timespace one has to experience the changes in perception.

CONSTANT EUCLIDEAN SPACE

TIME SYMMETRY NON EUCLIDEAN SPACE QUANTUM: ILLUSIONARY SPACE TIME

PARALLEL THEORIES

DIVINE GEOMETRY

EAST

SPHERICAL GEOMETRY

MUQAAM (SPACETIME STAGES)

?

DESIGN NARRATIVE Timespace is an entity of constant change. Hence primary tool of design should be Non-Euclidean Geometry. The design should be a experiential narrative of how our perception of Timespace can change as we traverse and transcend dimensions. Primary program should be chosen so as to add a layer to design narrative. It should be the climax of the narrative. Following the guiding narrative, the initial visual interaction should contain certain level of familiarity to avoid alienation of the user. 24


CONCEPT SKETCHES

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CASE STUDIES A 254-seat theatre in the round, part of the proposed visual arts centre in OCAD, Toronto, Canada, open to both student learning and to the public, providing a unique venue in Toronto for visiting lecturers and for performance artists. (2013)

SPECTATORS

Igualada Cemetery or New Cemetery (Catalan: Cementiri Nou) is a cemetery in Igualada, near Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, designed by the architects Enric Miralles and Carme Pin贸s is based on the relationship between life, time and architecture. Prolonging the circulation paths at plan level to extend experiential time.

SPECTACLE

Theater-in-the-round or arena theater (also referred as central staging) is any theatre space in which the audience surrounds the stage area. Close proximity between stage and seating results in the audience feeling as if they are part of the stage, they are always present in the space.

Informal in-the-round performance spaces, Shah Jamal, Lahore, Pakistan The Garden of Cosmic Speculation is a 30 acre (12 hectare) sculpture garden created by landscape architect and theorist Charles Jencks at his home, Portrack House, near Dumfries in South West Scotland. Throughout the landscape, the architect has signified various models of time and space, and highlighted that perception will keep on changing as scientific inquiry goes on.

From a narrative standpoint, the theater provides the perfect climax, a universe within a universe, audience is teleported to another instance of the timespace. The building fades from view and the spectacle combines with the spectator. 26


PROGRAM PRIMARY PROGRAM

ENTRANCE

STAGE RADIUS: 19’ THEATER-IN-THE-ROUND SEATING CAPACITY: 264

1’-6”

PERSPECTIVE CUT AWAY

4’-3”

STAGGERED SEATING SIGHT LINES DIAMETER: 88’

HEIGHT: 13’6”

Talha Muftee

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SUPPORT PROGRAM LOBBY

1

WORKSHOP

2

AUDIENCE ADMINISTRATION ACTORS

Each theater should be accompanied with it’s supporting program to have multiple self sufficient network of multiverses. The program of the complex should be an outward extension of the theatre leading to an interactive network between the users (Audience and Actors). Circulation will basically be the same for both audience and actors in order to extend the spatial qualities of theatre-in-the-round. Various stages of activities should be exposed to both main user groups. The program layout on site should correspond to the layout of the city. It should treat the city as a non-euclidean mass rather than a flat plane. Hence a design based on timespace feedback between the macro and micro domain.

BATHROOMS

3

OFFICE

7

4

THEATER

CHANGING ROOMS

PROP PREPARATION

5

6 28


h=6’ D=4.826KM

Lahore: non-euclidean mass, timespace frame

Centre of mass: timespace dilation source

visibility distance to horizon: edge of urban perception

53 1 2 6 7 4

Theater placement for each urban node to form a multiverse network

Horizon curve fitting, 7 distinct urban nodes: duality of (non)existence

NODE#

As any portal increases in distance from site, it’s overall influence on circulation design will decrease similar to massive bodies’ gravitational influence inversely affecting time.

2: 3: 1: 4: 5: 6: 7:

ø 5.20 2.71 1.49 1.47 1.40 0.95 0.65

NODE#

Increase in ø

2: 3: 1: 4: 5: 6: 7:

Timespace influence

Circulation timespace

Theater# :2 :3 :1 :4 :5 :6 :7 29


1

2

5

Program configured to mix spaces used by audience and performers in order to extend the spatial qualities of theater-in-the-round. By allowing audience and actors to observe and interact, experiential time is increased via immersion. Individual program configurations give each theater a unique identity compensating for planning and design restrictions of the theater-in-the-round

3

4

FORM SYNTHESIS

Circulation is designed to expand and contract experiential time on site at various points. With use of junctions interactivity between user groups can be increased to achieve desired effect. For all user groups (Audience, Admin, Actors etc.) the origin on circulation is a single point in a linear space leading on to complex non linear spaces. An analogy to the chagning nature of time and space with passage of time. 30


Talha Muftee

-19’-0”

2 -19’-0”

5

UP UP

LEGEND

7

Theater# Prop Preparation Changing Room (Female) Changing Room (Male) Bathroom (Female) Bathroom (Male)

N

BASEMENT LEVEL PLAN

MASTERPLAN 31


Talha Muftee

DOWN

N

GROUND LEVEL PLAN

DOWN

3 4 Workshop

1’-0”

1 Entrance 0’-9”

UP

7 LEGEND

7

Theater# Prop Preparation Changing Room (Female) Changing Room (Male) Bathroom (Female) Bathroom (Male)

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N

UPPER LEVEL PLAN

1’-0” 10’-0”

6

DOWN

LEGEND

7

Talha Muftee

Theater# Prop Preparation Changing Room (Female) Changing Room (Male) Bathroom (Female) Bathroom (Male)

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OTHER WORKS

FILM

3D Modeling and Animation for documentary “Palaces of Heaven� (2012) A Documentary in which the beauty, the deeply rooted culture and the ritual of Tazia are explored; which is one of the most distinct in the month of Muharrum. The film looks at the history of Tazia, the religious beliefs and its influences taken from architectural structures. Directed by: Syed Hasan Haider

Link http://vimeo.com/64725044

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WEBCOMIC

ArchiNinja Volume 1 and 2 (2011-2013) An independant online publication by Talha Muftee, a two volume surrealist comical story about the adventures of Archininja and his group The ArchiClan trying to survive the Architecture Depratment of Arts College for Nationals. The story and artwork is inspired from various pop culture and NCA Architecture Studio references.

Link http://www.archininja.thecomicseries.com/

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ART

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MUHAMMAD TALHA MUFTEE B.ARCH (2009-2014) NATIONAL COLLEGE OF ARTS LAHORE, PAKISTAN talhafnf07@gmail.com +92 347 2951154 House No. 114-E, Maulana Shaukat Ali Road, Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan

Portfolio 2014  

Muhammad Talha Muftee B.Arch (2009-2014) National College of Arts, Lahore.